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of the 

University of Michigan 

Transferred to 
General Library 

/ v-'- 

Wt^g^lT^^-- . __. 

Genealogical and Historical 



Embracing a Revised and Enlarged Edition of 















When the publication of this book wa43 commenced, the undersigned little 
dreamed of the magnitude of the task, he had undertaken. Our intention at 
first was to reprint Dr. Philip Slaughter's History of St. Ma^rk's Parish, to- 
gether with as much revised and supplemental matter as we could gather to- 
gether. Consequently, we had expected to have a book of one hundred and 
fifty pages, instead of three hundred. 

We have endeavored to advertise, as extensively as possible, the proposed 
publication of the work, in order that all might have the opportunity of mak- 
ing additions and revisions to the genealogical part of the publication. Quite 
a number availed themselves of the invitation, and to them we are much in- 

In a work of this kind, mistakes, in the way of omission, and some mis- 
statements, are bound to occur. A work on genealogy, without such, is an 

We have, for a number of years, comtemplated the re-publication of Dr. 
Slaughter's book, but have waited, hoping to become better equipped for the 
undertaking. However, thinking that a wait for such improvement, would 
be in vain, we decided not to delay the publication, but to present to the pub- 
lic the best that we were able to do with our present mechanical equipment, 
the printing of the book being done in the Exponent office at Culpeper, a 
Richmond firm doing the binding. 

For much valuable assistance we received in our work acknowledgement 
is made, and thanks therefor returned to Mr. Warren E. Coons, Clerk of the 
Culpeper courts. Judge Daniel A. Grimsley, of Culpeper, Mr. Thomas Towles 
Slaughter, of Culpeper, Mr. George Dabney Gray, of Culpeper, Mr. John 
Strode Barbour, of Culpeper, Major H. C. Burrows, of Culpeper, Rev. E. W. 
Winfrey, Pastor of the Culpeper Baptist Church, Mr. George M. Williams, of 
Culpeper, Rev. F. G. Ribble, Rector of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, of 
Culpeper, Dr. A. G. Grinnan, of Madison, Mrs. Mary Dunnica Micou, of the 
Theological Seminary, Virginia, Mr. Joseph Wilmer, of Culpeper, Mrs. John 
B. Sparrow, of Martinsville, Virginia, Mr. John S. Carpenter, of Louisville, 
Kentucky, Judge John W. Jones, of Culpeper, formerly of Kentucky, Mr. 
Willis M. Kemper, of Cincinnati, Ohio, Dr. John A. Fitzhugh, of Amesbury, 
Massachusetts, Maj. B. S. Thompson, of Huntington, West Virginia, Mr. 
James M. Rice, of Peoria, Illinois, and Mr. William F. Boogher, of Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia. 

Raleigh Travkrs Green, 

November, 1900. Culpeper, Va. 



AsHBY Family, 

Ball Family, - - - 

Baptists of Citlpkpkr, The, 

Barbour Family, 

Brandy Rifles, The, 

Brandy Station, Battle of, - - - - 

Brick Making in Virginia, 

Broaddus Family, 

Bromfield Parish, - 

Brown Family, 

Browning Family, - - 

Bryan-Lillari) Family, 

Calvary Chiirch Rebuilt, 

Carter Family, 


Cave Family, - 

Cedar Run, Battle of, 

Church, Organization op in Virginia, 

Churches op St. Mark's Parish. - - - - 














35. - 





Part Part 
First. Second. 

Clayton Family, 

Clayton, Maj. Philip, . - - - 

Cole, Rev. John, 

Cole, Rev. John, Successors op, 
Coleman Family, 

Company B, 6th. Va. Cavalry, 

Company B, 13th. Va. Infantry, 

Company C, 7th. Va. Infantry, 

Company E, 7th. Va. Infantry, 

Conway Family, 

Cooke Family, 

County Court of Culpeper, The First, 

culpepeh as a battle ground, 

Culpeper Committee of Safety, 

Culpeper, County of - - 

Culpeper County, History, 

Culpeper County, Engagements in 

Culpeper, Freeholders of. Meeting of, 

Culpeper in the Civil War, - - - 

Culpeper in the Revolution, 

Culpeper Minute Men, 

Culpeper of To-day, . . . . 

(^^ULPEPER, Present Limits of, 

CuLPEPER's Protest Against Stamp Act, 

Culpeper, Towns in, 

CuPEPER, Town of. Laid Out, 

Fairfax Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 

Family Genealogies, - . - . 

Field Family, 

Fontaine, J no., Diary of. 

Fry Family, 

Garnett Family, 



















11, K.O. 




75, 132. 

Part Part 
First. Second. 

Genealogists, Notes for, 46. 

Germanna Settlement, 4, 42. 2, 159. 

Glassell Family, 60. 

Green, Col. John, 68. 

Green Family, 61. 

Grinnan Family, 79. 

Henry- Winston Family, - 75. 

Hill Family, 85. 

Hill, Gen. A. P. 111. 94. 

Historical Excursions, 36. 

Jones Family, 89. 

Knights of the Golden Horse Shoe, . - . 36. 

La Fayette .In Culpepkr, 156. 

Lamon, Rev. A. H., 25, 118. 

Lawyers in Ctjlpeper Before Revolution, - 112. 

Lillard-Bryan Family 150. 

Littlepage, Lewih, 48. 

Madison Family, 71. 

Marriage Record, 56. 

Marriage Record, Index to, 161. 

Mason Family, - 79. 

Medical Men in Culpeper Before Revolution, - 111. 

Micou Family, 75. 

Miscellaneous Enlistments, 23. 

Pendleton, Edmund, 105. 

Pendleton Family, 95, 119. 

Revolution, Pensioners of, ----- 128. 

Rice Family, 132. 

Slaughter, Capt. Philip, Dairy of - - - - 46. 

Slaughter Family, 85. 

Soldiers in French and Indian War, - - - 14. 

Soldiers in War of 1812, 130. 

Part Part. 
First. Second. 


Spoa^wooD FAMiiiY, 72. 

SpoTriwooD, Sir Alkxandeu, 1. 

Stevens, G^kn. Edward, •'». 

Stevenson, Rev. James, 20, 7J3. 

St. Mark^s Parish, Addenda, 114. 

St. Mark's Parish, First Minister of, - - - 7. 

St. Mark's Parish History Continued, - - - 114. 

St. Mark's Parish, Notes on, 118. 

St. Mark's Parish, Organization of, - - - - 3. 
St. Mark's Parish, Vestrymen of, - - - - 113, 117. 

Strother Family, ---..--- 83. 

St. Thomas' Parish, 32. 

Taylor Family, 74. 

Thom Family, 84. 

Thomas Family, 155. 

Thompson Family, 79. 8ft. 

Thompson, Rev. John, ------- 8. 

Thompson, Richard W., 87. 

Tobacco Plant, The, 50. 

War of 1812, Culpeper Company, - - . - 130. 

Washington, George, Surveyor, 6. 

Will Records of Culpeper, 45. 

Williams Family, 108. 

Winston-Henry Family, 75. 

WooDviLLE, Rev. John, 21, 70. 

Yancey Family, 81. 





Stretching from the foot hills of the Blue Ridge luouataiiis eastward, some 

thirty miles, and taking in the valleys of the Kapidan, Robertson and Rappa- 
hannock rivers, lies an extensive plain. It is broken here and there by several 
small mountains— miniature models of the great range to the west. This con- 
stituted the colonial parish of St. Mark's, which was established in 1731, with 
Robert and Francis Slaughter as its first church wardens. 

The Slaughters owned large landed estates in this parish and west of 
Slaughter's mountain, at the old homestead of "Springfield," was born in 1808, 
Philip Slaughter, destined, many years later, to be the chronicler of this 
parish and many others, as well as historiographer of the Diocese of Virginia. 

His grandfather and father were both soldiers, the former commanding a 
regiment at the battle of Great Bridge, the latter serving gallantly throughout 
the war of independence as captain in the 8th continental regiment, and 
going through the terrible campaign of Valley Forge with John Marshall, 
afterwards chief justice of the United States, as his lieutenant and mess mate. 

Thus was blended in the young Philip Slaughter the qualities of his great- 
grandfather and uncle— the first church wardens — and those of his grandfather 
and father — the soldiers— and no one who ever saw him rise to speak, could 
doubt that the soldier of the Cross would have been as valiant a soldier of the 
State, if such service had been his. His tall, spare figure, with a manner 
which combined great personal dignity with the utmost courtesy and kindli- 
ness, made him noticeable in any assemblage,and when he spoke, a voice, whose 
wonderful modulations even advancing years could not affect, never failed 
to fix the attention of his hearers. 

Trained by the best tutors of the day, and at one of the first classical 
schools, young Slaughter learned, not only to avail himself of the thoughts of 
others, but to think for himself. He entered the University of Virginia the 
first year of its existence, and formed one of a class of notable men, many of 
them afterwards distinguished in the service of the State. 

He was admitted to the bar, but in a few years entered the Theological 
Seminary of Virginia, and was ordained deacon in 1834, and priest in 1835. 
For some fourteen years he did most effective work in some of the important 
parishes in Virginia and elsewhere. Failing health caused him to go abroad 


for a time in the jrears 1848 and 1849. On his return he devoted his energries 
to the cause of African colonization; with wise foresight anticipating and try- 
ing thus to avert the dreadful catastrophe he lived to witness. 

Five years were given to this task, and to general evangelistic work. He 
then returned to Slaughter's mountain, where he built a chapel on his own 
land, and ministered to his neighbors and their dependents, giving his services 
as a free will offering. Here he lived up to the outbreak of the war between 
the States, occupying a unique position. A staunch churchman in the midst 
of members of other Christian bodies, he provoked no antagonism from those 
who differed with him, and by his wise and affectionate counsel and sympathy, 
probably did more than any man in the State to win the respect, and often 
tlie allegiance of men of every class to the church of his forefathers. 

He was a man of rare gifts. Of a poetic temperament, he was fond of 
literature, and master of the best writers in the English language. As a pul- 
pit orator he was unsurpassed in his day, and his personal magnetism was 
such that he swayed his audience "whithersoever he listed." 

The "mission" of the present day with its week of continuous services and 
preaching was not unknown fifty years ago. Dr. Slaughter had great pjower 
as a missloner, and hosts of the careless and indifferent were brought by him 
into the "way of righteousness." 

In his own community and beyond, he was the trusted friend and adviser, 
as well as the pastor, the adjuster of variances, and the ultimate court of arbi- 

An exile from home, during the four years of war, he ministered whenever 
opportunity offered to those among whom his lot was cast. In hospital and 
ca^np his kindly presence carried help and solace to many a stricken body, and 
many a weary soul. 

And when the war was over, he came back to his devastated home — the 
scene of one of its bloodiest battles— and took up his work with the strength 
that was left, meeting the privations and trials of his lot with the courage of 
a soldier and the loyalty of a patriot, in uncomplaining toil, as an humble 
parish minister, setting a noble example of the old Roman tradition "Portuna 
non mutat genus." And so the end nobly crowned his work after a life 
spent in the service of his master in the land, and among the people he loved 
so well, in the home of his childhood and of his ripened years, he was, in the 
month of June, 1890, "gathered unto his Father's, having the testimony of a 
good conscience, in the confidence of a certain faith, and in favor with God 
and man." W. 



St. Mark's Parish, 







Rev. Philip ^Slaughtef^, D. p. 

Rector of EmniaDue] Church, Culpeper Co., Va. 

Author of the Histories of St. George's and Bristol Parishes, Va. 

' / 

. •if:....'; 

! I- 

i. ! 


S-l . I i 

I . 



The author believes that he was the first person who conceived the idea of 
writing a history of the old parishes in Virginia upon the basis of the old ves- 
try-books and registers. Thirty years ago he published the History of Bristol 
Parish (Petersburg), of which he was then rector. In 1849 he published the 
History of St. George's Parish, in Spotsylvania. His labors were then sus- 
pended by ill-health, and he went abroad, never expecting to resume them.' 
This personal evil resulted in the general good. Bishop Meade, the most com- 
petent of all men for this special task, was induced to take up the subject, and 
the result was the valuable work, "The Old Churches and Families of Virgin- 
ia," in which the author's histories of St. George and Bristol Parishes, and 
some other materials which he had gathered, were incorporated. The author, 
in his old age, returns to his first love, and submits to the public a history of 
his native parish of St. Mark's. The reader will please bear in mind that this 
is not a general history of the civil and social institutions within the bounds 
of this parish, and yet he will find in it many incidental illustrations of these 
subjects. He must also be reminded that it does not purport to be a history 
of Christianity in its varied forms and polities within in the lines of St Mark's. 
That would open a large field, which the author has not time or strength now 
to traverse. He means, therefore, no disrespect to other Christian polities and 
peoples (among whom are numbered many valued friends and relatives) in 
omitting all reference to them. In this respect he has followed the example of 
the parish records, which are the basis of this history, and in which there is 
not one word about Christians of other names, from the first organization of 
St. Mark's Parish, in 1781, to the present moment. The vestry abstained in 
like manner from political allusion; for while keeping up its organization and 
records during the whole of the American Revolution, the only allusion to an 
event which so absorbed men's minds is the following entry :— *'Capt. Richard 
Yancey is appointed a vestryman in place of Major John Green, in Continental 


Chiirch history in Virginia may be distributed into several eras, the obser- 
vation of which will make it more intelligible. The first is the Era of the 
Church of England in the Colony and Dominion uf Virginia. This covers the 
whole period from the first plantation of Jamestown to the American Re vol u- 


tion. During this period the Church was in bondage to the State, which nev- 
er allowed it to organize. For political reasons it was not permitted to have a 
bishop; and there were no ordinations or confirmations during the whole colo- 
nial term. Candidates for orders had to make the then costly, protracted and 
perilous voyage across the sea. Some of them could not pay the expense, and 
others were lost at sea, while some died of the small-pox in London, which 
was very fatal before the use of vaccination. The Church was not only de- 
nied an executive head, but it h ad no legislature. It had no authority to pass 
a law, enact a canon, or inflict a penalty, not even for the discipline of its own 
ministers and members; and it never performed one of these functions. 

The second Era may be called the Transition Age, during which the ties 
that bound it to the State were one by one severed; and this lasted from 1776 
to the first organization of the Protestant Episcopal Church of Virginia, in 
1785, when it became free, although its organization was not perfected until 
the election of its first bishop (Madison). 

The next era may be called the Era of Decline, when the Episcopal Church 
was staggering under the odiuu^ of having been an established church, which 
lasted until William Meade, William Wllmer, William Hawley, Oliver Norris, 
and such like, came upon the stage, and elected Richard Channing Moore, of 
New York, to be their leader. Then began the Era of Revival; after a torpid 
winter, an awakening spring followed by a fruitful summer.. To this season 
we may apply the words of Shakspeare, but in a higher sense : — 

**Now is the winter of our discontent 
Made glorious summer by this son of YORK ; 
And all the clouds that lowered upon our house. 
In the deep bosom of the ocean buried'' — 
While we recognize and rejoice in the good that has been done by other 
Christian ministers outside of our fold, we too may be permitted to rejoice 
that our Virginia Episcopal Roll is "without a blemish" ; and that their hands 
have been upheld by a goodly and growing company of preachers, who have 
rekindled the fires upon many an old altar where the sparrow had found her 
an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, even thine altars, O Lord God of 
Hosts ! my King and my God. 


In such an almost countless number of names and dates as occur in this 
book, it must needs be that errors of the pen or of the press will creep in. If 
those who detect them will kindly communicate them to the author, he will 
gladly correct them in a new edition; the proposed first edition having been 
ordered in anticipation of publication. If the reader will bear in mind the 
following facts it will facilitate his understanding of this history. In 1720 
Spotsylvania County was taken from Essex, King and Queen and King Wil- 
liam, whose jurisdiction hitherto extended to the great mountains. St. 
George's Parish, coterminous with Spotsylvania, was formed by the same act. 
In 1731 St. Mark's was taken from St. George. In 1784 Orange was formed from 


Spotsylvania. In 1740 St. Thomas was taken from St. Mark's. In 1748 Cul- 
peper was formed from Orange. In 1753 Bromfield Parish was taken from 
St. Mark's. In 1792 Madison County was taken from Culpeper. In 1831 
Rappahannock County was formed from Culpeper, and in 1838 the County of 
Greene was taken from the County of Orange. 


Besides the acknowledgments made in the body of this work, the author 
is under obligations to Isaac Winston, Jr., for volunteering to transcribe his 
entire manuscript into a fair hand — a task almost as difficult as the interpre- 
tation of hieroglyphical characters by Oriental scholars. I am indebted for a 
like favor to Rev. Dr. Randolph, of Emmanuel Church, Baltimore, for volun- 
teering to read the proof-sheets as they passed through the press; and to the 
Rev. Dr. Dairy mple, the Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, Mr. R. A. Brock, of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, Dr. Andrew Grinnan, of Madison, Mr. George Mason 
Williams, of Culpeper, Col. Edward McDonald, of Louisville, to the gentlemen 
of the press, and to many correspondents too numerous to be named, for aid 
and sympathy in his work. 

., ,. r • ' 

• I ■ t I' t * 



.' ■ ' ' ' 

Lieutei:|ant-Goyeriior of Virginia. 




A history 6t St. Mark's Parish in which Gov. Spotswood did not have a prom- 
inent place, ^buld b6 like a portrait with the most prominent ^ feature left out. 
Not only Was he a sag'acious statesman, a gallant cavalier,a brave and dashing 
soldier; '15ut he Was also a devout Church of England man, ready to enter the 
' -listd'a&lier champion against all comei*s, not excepting the vestries, who were 
the advocates of the people's rights, and the miniature Parliaments in which 
-^thef leadingfstatesmen of the American Revolu/tion were trained. He was the 
largest landed proprietor within the bounds of the parish ; he founded the 
first town (German na), he developed the first mines, and erected the first iron 
, furnace in America. He erected, chiefly at his own expens^, the first parish, and organized. and equipped, at Germanna, "The Knights of th^ Gol- 
, den Horseshoe," who lirst.imssed theJBlue Ridge, and blazpd the way to the 
Valley of Virginia, and ,whose whole course was witijin the limits of the origi- 
. , nal parish of St. Mark's. 

■Governor Spots wqod was the great-grandson, of John Spotswood, Archbis- 

- hop of St. Andrew's an^ author of the History of the Ch^^ch of Scotland. His 

- grandfather was Robert Spotswood, Lord President of the College of Justice, 
and author of thjB '' Practicks of the Laws of Scotland," who was ope of , the 
eight emip^ent lawyers ejcecuted by the Parjiaraent of Scotland,, which (accord- 
ing to Sir Walter Scott) consisted wholly of Covenanters. While he was at 
private prayer on the scaffold (says Sir Walter) he was interrupted by the 
Presbyterian minister in attendance, who asked if he did not desire his pray- 
ers and those of the people. Sir Robert replied that he earnestly desired the 
prayers of the people but not those of the preacher ; for that, in his opinion, 
God had expressed his displeasure against Scotland by sending a lying spirit 
into the mouths of the prophets. The father of Governor Spotswood was Dr. 
Robert Spotswood, physician to the Governor of Tangiers in Africa, and his 
mother had been Mrs. Catherine Elliott. Dr. Spotswood died in Tangiers in 
1688, leaving one son, the subject of this notice, who was born in 1676. Gov- 
ernor Spotswood, '' who had been bred in the army," was aide to the Duke of 
Marlborough, and was badly wounded in the breast at the battle of Blenheim. 

His arrival in Virginia, says Campbell, was greeted with joy, because he 
brought with him the right of Habeas Corpus — a right guaranteed to every 
Englishman by Magna Charta, but hitherto denied to Virginians. Spotswood 


entered upou his duties as Governor in 1710, and the two Houses of the Gener- 
al A88emby,severally, returned thanks for their relief from long imprisonment, 
and appropriated more than two thousand pounds for completing the Govern- 
or's palace. Although he was, in accordance with the dominant doctrines of 
his day, a strenuous advocate of the Royal prerogative in Church and State, 
yet he was one of the most energetic, patriotic and farseeing statesmen that 
ever ruled Virginia. He first suggested a chain of forts from the Lakes to the 
Mississippi (beyond the Alleghanies) to check the encroachments of the 
French; but many years elapsed before his suggestion and policy were adopt- 
ed. It was he who conceived the idea of making tobacco notes a circulating 
medium. His military genius and experience enabled him to wield the mili- 
tia with great effect against the hostile Indians; but he was no less zealous in 
the conception and execution of measures for their civilization and conver- 
tion to Christianity, as the Indian school at Christanna on the Meherin river, 
a*id the fund of £1000 for instructins: their children at William and Mary 
College, attest. In 1739 he was made Deputy Postmaster-General for the Col- 
onies; and it was he (says Campbell) who promoted Benjamin Franklin to be 
postmaster for the province of Pennsylvania. 

Governor Spots wood died at Annapolis, on his way to command the army 
against Carthagena, and was buried at Temple Farm, one of his old country 
seats near Yorktown, so named from a house in the garden erected by Gov- 
ernor Spotswood as a cemetery. Dr. Shield, who bought the farm in 1884, 
says, *' the walls of tire temple were then only several feet high: within them 
I found heaps of broken tombstones, and on putting the fragments together, 
I found the name of Governor Spotswood." 

It was in the Temple Farm mansion that Lord Corn wall is met Washing- 
ton and signed the articles of capitulation which secured American indepen- 

There is some verbal discrepancy between the authorities about the name 
of the lady whom Governor Spotswood married. Bishop Meade, upon the au- 
thority of a daughter of General Alexander Spotswood, says that her name 
was Jane Butler, sister of the Duke of Ormond. Charles Campbell, our pains 
taking historian, says her name was Butler Bryan (pronounced Brain), daugh- 
ter of Richard Bryan, of Westminster, and her Christian name was after Jas. 
Butler, Duke of Ormond, her godfather. On the other hand, several of her 
lineal descendants have informed the present writer that Mrs. Spotswood was 
the ^daughter of Richard Brayne, " whose letters to his daughter show him to 
have been a man of culture." The name of Butler Brayne has been perpetu- 
ated in this branch of the family to this day, which raises a strong presump- 
tion that it is the true orthography. 

Since the above was written I have procured, through the medium of 
Judge Barton and Capt. George Minor, of Fredericksburg, documentary proof 
which settles the vexed question, in the form of a letter written by Judge Ed- 
mond Pendleton for his client John Benger, the son of Dorothea (Col. Byrd's 
Miss Thecky) Brayne, sister of Lady Spotswood. The letter is dated Virginia, 
Sept. 8th, 1762, and is addressed to Capt.Wm. Fox, and is signed by John Ben- 
ger and Edmond Pendleton, and in it is the following paragraph:—" Richard 
Brayne and his wife are dead, and Mrs. Brayne's issue was four daughters, 
Anne, Diana, Dorothy, and Butler. Dorothy intermarried with Elliot Benger, 
gentleman, and, with her husband, is since dead, and I am her son 
and heir. Butler intermarried with Major- General Alexander Spotswood, and 
afterwards married John Thompson (Clerk). She is dead, and Alexander 


Spotswood, infant, is her grandson and Jieir, and is now in England. Anne 
and Diana remained in England and never married." 

Governor Spotswood had four children, John, Robert Anne. Catherine, 
and Dorothea. John married in 1745, Mary, daughter of Capt. Dandridge, of 
the British army and had two sons, Greneral Alexander and Capt John, both 
officers of the Rev^olution; and two daujjhters, Mary and Ann. John, son of 
John, and grandson of the Governor, married Mary Rousee of Essex, and 
had manj' children. General Alexander Spotswood, grandson of the Governor 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Augustine and niece of General "Washington. 
Robert, second son of the Governor, was an officer under Washington in 1755, 
and was killed by the Indians. Anne Catherine (Kate) married Bernard 
Moore, of Chelsea in King "William; and their daughter married Charles Carter 
of Shirley, and was the grandmother of our Chevalier Bayard (sans peur et 
sans reproche), General Robert Edward Lee, named after two of his uncles, 
Robert and Edward Carter. 

Kate Spotswood, Mrs. B. Moore, was a great beauty. The late Mrs. Dun- 
bar of Falmouth, had seen her, and was so impressed by the vision, that, with 
true womanly instinct, she remembered, after the lapse of many years, the de- 
tails of her dress, which we reproduce for the benefit of our lady readers. It 
>vas a fawn-colored satin, square in the neck, over a blue satin petticoat, with 
satin shoes and buckles to match, on very small and beautifully shaped feet. 
A granddaughter of Kate, now living in a green old age, savs that when she 
was a little girl she saw Kate sitting up in her bed at Chelsea, comHbing her 
white and silken hair, with a servant holding up a looking-glass before her. 

There is a portrait of Governor Spotswood at Chelsea, and there was an- 
other at Sedley Lodge in Orange (uow in the State Library at Richmond), 
which the author of this historical tract had daguerreotyped. It represents 
him in full dress, scarlet velvet — graceful and commanding in face and figure 
— antique model of the cavalier, — the old English and the old Virginia gentle- 
man, who are as much alike as father and son. "What a genealogical tree! — 
with General Sir Alexander Spotswood its root in Virginia, and Robert Ed- 
ward Lee its bright, consummate flower. 


The Register of St. Mark's Parish, which lies before me, is the oldest manu- 
script record in the county of Culpeper. The parish is older than the county 
by eighteen years, the former having been established by Act of Assemby in 
1730, and the latter in 1748. It is curious to note the progress of population, 
and parishes and counties, from their original seats on tidewater towards the 
mountains. The people went before, the parishes followed after, and the 
counties completed the organization, according to the uniform policy of the 
British Government to keep the Church and State in union. 

In 1684 the colony of Virginia was divided by the House of Burgesses into 
eight counties, or shires, as they were then called. In 1692 the old county of 
Rappahannock was extinguished, and its territory distributed into the coun- 
ties of Richmond on the north, and Essex on the south, side of the Rappahan- 
nock River. The movement of the growing population was along the banks 
of the rivers, on account of th*^ greater productiveness of the soil, and the fa- 
cilities of transportation, in the absence of roads in the intervening wilder- 
ness. Thus early in the eighteenth century the settlement had passed the 
Falls of the Rappahannock and reached the Rapid Ann River, where a colony 
of Germans had seated themselves, and Lieutenant-Governor Spotswood 

had established a furnace and built a ** castle," in which he occasionally 


Over the new settlement a new county and a new parish were erected in 
1720. The preamble to the Act of Assembly declares that " the frontiers to- 
wards the high mountains, being exposed to dangers from the Indians and the 
French sejjtlements towards the west, a new county is established, bordering 
upon Snow Creek up to the Mill thence by a southwest course to the North 
Anna, thence up the said river as far as convenient, and thence by a line 
over the high mountains to the river Shenandoah, so as to include the North 
Pass through said mountains; thence down said river till it comes against the 
head of Rappahannock River, and down that river to the mouth of Snow 
Creek ; which tract of land shall be come a county by the name of Spotsyl- 
vania, and the whole county shall be one parish, by the name of St. George." 

The Act also appropriated five hundred pounds for a church, courthouse, 
pillory and stocks, where the Governor shall appoint. Another clause appro- 
priates one thousand pounds for arms and ammunition, to such *' Christian 
tithables " as shall go to seat this county. The county of Brunswick was es- 
tablished by the same law. The inhabitants were made free of levies for ten 
years. The same privilege is extended to Germans and other foreign Protes- 
tants, " who may not understand English readily," if they will entertain a 
minister of their own. 

It will be observed that the movement of couhties, parishes and people, 
by way of Spotsylvania and Brunswick, was towards the northern and south- 
ern passes through the '' high mountains " to transcend which and see what 
lay beyond was the great problem of the day. 

The Rev. Hugh Jones, one of the Colonial clergy, in his *' Present State of 
Virginia," published about .1724, says: — *' Beyond Governor Spotswood's fur- 
nace, within view of the vast mountains, he has founded a town called 
Germanna, from some Germans sent over by Queen Ann, who are now remoced 
upfarUier, Here he has servants and workmen of most handicraft trades, and 
he is building a church, courthouse, and dwelling-house for himself, and with 
his servants and negroes he has cleared plantations about it, proposing great 
encouragement for people to come and settle in that uninhabited part of the 
world, lately divided into a county." 

Colonel Byrd, of Westover, on James River, an accomplished gentleman, 
an adventurous tra\^ller, and inimitable humorists, visited Colonel Spots- 
wood in 1732, and indites the following pleasant gossip on the occasion. 

" The famous town of Germanna consists of Colonel Spotswood'd enchan- 
ted castle on one side, and a baker's dozen of ruinous tenements on the other 
where so many German families had dwelt some years ago, but are now re- 
moved ten miles higher, in the Fork of the Rappahannock, to land of their 
own. There had also been a chapel about a bow shot from the Colonel's 
house, at the end of an avenue of cherry trees,but some pious people had late- 
ly burnt it down, with intent to get another built nearer their own homes. 
Here I arrived abour three o'clock, and found only Mrs. Spotswood at home, 
who received her old acquaintance with many a gracious smile. I was carried 
into a room elegantly set oflf with pier glasses, the largest of which came soon 
after to an odd misfortune. Among other favorite animals which cheered 
this lady's solitude, a brace of tanie deer ran familiarly about the house, and 
one of them came to stare at me as a stranger, but unluckily spyin'g his own 
figure in the glass, he made a spring over the tea-table that stood under it, 
and shattered the glass to pieces, and falling back upon the tea table made, 
a terrible fracas among the china. This exploit was so sudden, and accompa- 

nied by such noise, that it surprised me and perfectly frightened Mrs. Spots - 
wood. But it was worth all the damage to show the moderation and good 
humor with which she bore the disaster. In the evening the noble Colonel 
came from his mines, who saluted me very civilly; and Mrs. Spotswood's sis- 
ter Miss Thecky, who had been to meet him, en cavalier, was so kind, too, as 
to bid me welcome. We talked over a legend of old stories, supped about nine, 
and then prattled with the ladies till it was time for a traveller to retire. In 
the meantime I observed my old friend to be very uxorious and exceedingly 
fond of his children. This was so opposite to the maxims he used to jjreach 
up before he was married, that I could not forbear rubbing up the memory of 
them. But he gave a very good-natured turn to his change of sentiments, by 
alleging that whoever brings a poor gentlewoman into so solitary a place,f rom 
all her friends and acquaintances, would be ungrateful not to use her and all 
that belongs to her with all possible tenderness.We all kept snug in our several 
apartments till nine, except Miss Thecky, who was the housewife of the fam- 
ily. At that hour we met over a pot of coffee, which was not strong enough 
to grive us the palsy. After breakfast, the Colonel and I left the ladies to their 
domestic affairs,and took a turn in the garden, which has nothing beautiful in 
it but three terrace walks,that fall in slopes one below another.I let him under- 
stand that, besides the pleasure of paying him a visit, I came to be instructed 
by so great a master in the mystery of making iron, wherein he led the way, 
and was the Tubal Cain of Virginia. He corrected me a little there, saying 
that he was not only the first in his country, but the first in North America 
who had erected a regular furnace ; that they ran altogether on bloomeries 
in New England and Pennsylvania till his example had made them attempt 
greater works. He said that the four furnaces now at work in Virginia circu- 
lated a great sum of money for provisions, &c., in the adjacent counties. He 
told me that he had iron in several parts of his tract of forty-five thousand 
acres of land, but that the mine he was at work upon was thirteen mifes be- 
low Germanna. He raised the ore a mile from the furnace, and carted the 
iron, when made, fifteen miles to his plantation on Massaponax. He said that 
during his absence in England he had lost eighty slaves, his furnace was still 
the greater part of the time, and all his plantations ran to rain. But he was 
rightly served for trusting his affairs to a mathematician (Mr. (Graeme), whose 
thoughts were always * among the stars.' The afternoon was devoted to the 
ladies who conducted me through a shady lane to the river, and by the way 
made me drink some very fine water that issued from a marble fountain. Just 
behind it was a covered bench, where Miss Thecky often sat and bewailed her 
virginity. The river is about fifty yards wide, and so rapid that the ferry-boat 
is towed over by a chain, and therefore called the Rapidan." The Miss Thec- 
ky above mentioned was evidently the sister of Mrs. Spotswood, who married 
Mr. Benger, a cousin of the Governor, and from whom some of the Minors and 
Frenchs of Spotsylvania are descended. 

Governor Spotswood, after whom Spotsylvania was called, fixed the seat 
of justice at Germanna, which was named after the German settlement. The 
history of these Germans deserves further investigation. In 1717 they consist- 
ed of one hundred and thirty persons, in twenty nine families, and anticipa- 
ted a large accession to their number. In a petition to the Bishop of London 
and the English society for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign lands, 
they described themselves as very desirous of having the ministers of religion 
in their own tongue, '' not understanding English well." They invoke the 
aid of the Bishops in England to procure for them and ordain a young Ger- 
man minister, to assist and to succeed their old pa^^tor (Haeger), now seventy- 


five years of age, and to send with him the Liturgy of the Church of England 
translated into High Dutch, which they are desirous to use in public worship. 
They were exempted by the General Assembly from the payment of parish 
levies. Dr. Hawks says that the parish of St. George was created for them. 
This is clearly a mistake. Colonel Byrd, in the passage quoted above, says he 
saw in 1732 "the ruinous tenements" which they had occupied at Germanna, 
and adds that they had moved higher up to the Fork of the Rappahannock, 
to land of their own, which must mean the juncture of the Rapid Ann (often 
called the Rappahannock in those times) and the Robinson, which is now in 
the county of Madison. I believe I was the first to suggest that there was the 
nucleus of the German population in Madison county (see my history of St. 
George's Parish, 1747). Bishop Meade adopts this suggestion, and refers to an 
old gentleman in Culpeper who had told him that in his boyhood he had of- 
ten seen the Lutherans from Madison, when they had no minister of their own, 
come to Buck Run Church, in Culpeper, to receive the Holy Communion. 
That old gentleman was the venerable vestryman and watchful warden, the 
late Samuel Slaughter, of Western View, in St. Mark's Parish. I have initiat- 
ed inquiries which I hope will throw some light on this obscurity. 

In May, 1730, the General Assembly, in view of the inconveniences arising 
to the parishioners of St. George's Parish by reason of the great length there- 
of, divided it by a line running '*from the mouth of the Rapid Ann to the 
mouth of the Wilderness Run; thence up the said run to the bridge, and thence 
southward to the Pamunky River. All of the territory above that line to be 
called and known as St. Mark's Parish." The same Act directs the freehol- 
ders and housekepers of the new parish to meet at the new church in German- 
na, on the first day of the following January, and elect twelve of the most able 
and discreet persons of the parish to be vestrymen of said parish. In pursuance 
of this Act, the freeholders and housekeepers did meet at Germanna on the 
1st day of January, 1731, and elected Goodrich Lightfoot, Henry Field, Francis 
Kirtlv (not Huntley as in Bishop Meade's "Old Churches, &c."), William Pey- 
ton, James Barbour, Robert Slaughter, Thomas Staunton, Benjamin Cave, 
Robert Green, Jno. Finlason and Samuel Ball. Robert Slaughter and Fran- 
cis Slaughter were the first church wardens, and William Peyton first clerk. 

These antique vestrymen were the fruitful germs of geneological trees which 
have scatterd their prolific seeds from New York to Florida, and from Virginia 
to California. This is not a rhetorical flourish, but is literally true, and could 
be easily demonstated, were "tl e play worth the candle." The progress of 
this narrative will furnish some suggestive illustrations of this truth. 

1731. St. Mark's Parish now begins its independent career at Germanna, with- 
out a shepherd to seek after the flock scattered in the wilderness bounded by 
the Blue Mountains, which look so enchanting in the distance, when their 
summits are lighted by the setting sun. There were three churches in the 
new parish— one of them at Germanna, one in the Little Fork, and one in the 
S. W. Mountain, in the neighborhood of Messrs. James Barbour and Benjamin 
Cave, vestrymen. For the several years in which they had no pastor the 
vestry employed occasionally the Rev. Mr. De Butts and the Rev. Mr. Purit, 
two adventurers who were seeking parishes, and paid them three hundred 
pounds of tobacco per sermon. 

In the absence of regular ministers, the churches and chapels were served 
by Lay readers, or clerks, as they were then called, whom the vestries seem to 
have preferred to inefficient clergymen. The vestry went vigorously to work, 
by ordering the churches to be repaired and vestry-houses built ; buying two 
hundred acres of land for a glebe, of Wm. Ashley; contracting for a glebe- 

house, with all the appurtenances of bams, stables, meat houses, dairies &;c. 
William Peyton was made Lay Reader at the Little Fork; John McMurth had 
the double office of clerk and sexton at Germanna ; and William Phillips and 
Dave Cave, alternating clerks at the Southwest Mountain Chapel. The 
churchwardens settled with the old vestry of St. George's and bought parish 
books. The parish lines were surveyed. Zachery Lewis was chosen as their 
attorney. Robert Turner was made collector of tithes. A. Chambers was en- 
gaged to keep the church clean at Germanna; John Carder to do the same of- 
fice at the Fork, and William Stevenson at the Mountain Chapel. Col. Waller 
was employed to bring up a copy of the oaths of allegiance to the 
British Crown, and of conformity to the Church of England, and the test 
oath against Popery — all of which the vestry had to take. Some idea may be 
formed of the state of the country, from the fact that Augustine Smith, Jr., 
was paid 200 pounds of tobacco for piloting the minister to the Mountain 
Chapel, which was not far from Cave's Ford in Orange. 

The vestry seem too, to have been animated by a laudable spirit of church 
extension. Within two years (1733-1733) two churches and two chapels were 
projected. The first church was seated on what is now the road from Ger- 
manna to Stevensburg, ** convenient to the springs above Major Finlason's 
path." This church, or one on the same site, was standing within the mem- 
ory of men now living, and was used by the venerable Mr. Woodville. It is 
called, in the vestry book, the Lower or Great; Fork Church. Mr. Spots wood, 
of Orange Grove, now in his 77th year, says he remembers when the Spots - 
woods, Gordons, Grymes, and Thorntons, near Germanna, used to attend this 
church. The other churches were built ** convenient to the Southwest Moun- 
tain road, on the first run below the chapel;" and John Lightfoot and 
John Rucl£er were ordered " to pitch on the place near to some good 
spring." This was the old church near Ruckersville, in the county of 
Greene. Its ag^e is left uncertain in Rev. Mr. Ernest's interesting article on 
St. Thomas's Parish in Bishop Meade's " Old Churches, &c." The old minis- 
ter who first preached in this church, and whom Mr. Ernest could not identity, 
was either De Butts or Becker; both of whom were discharged by the vestry 
of St. Mark's. The first place of worship on the Southwest Mountain 
was a chapel, which James Barbour and Benjamin Cave undertook ** to 
have kept clean." At the chapel, De Butts preached until 1732, at which 
date I find this entry in the vestry book — '^Ordered, that the Rev. Mr. De 
Butts be paid 9000 pounds of tobacco for thirty sermons." In December, 
1733, a new chapel was ordered, only twenty feet square, at Batley's, or Brad- 
. ley's Quarter, **convenient to the best spring that Benjamin Cave can find," 
Rev. Mr. De Butts, who had been employed by the srrmon, was now dis- 
charged, and St. Mark's had its first elected minister in the Rev. John Becket. 

May 11, 1733, "ordered, the Rev. J. Becket, being recommended by the Gov- 
ernor and Commissary, be entertained as Minister of the Parish; and that he 
receive the glebe and what is on it, and the house when finished, and be paid 
as the law directs; and that he preach at the Southwest Chapel every other 
Sunday until further orders." At the next vestry (1733) it was ordered that the 
churchwardens oflfer the Hon. Col Alexander Spotswood the choice of a seat 
for himself and family in the church on the G rmanna road. In 1730, Major G. 
Lightfoot was ordered to wait on Major John Taliaferro, to bring up the sur- 
plice for Germanna Church. It was also ordered that the church be painted 
and tarred, and that S. Wright put four barrel Is of tar on the roof of the glebe- 
house. 1735 it was ordered that **a chapel of ease" be erected* and built be- 


tween Shawns Mountain and the Devirs Run and the river; and that Francis 
Slaughter, Robert Green, and Henry Field, gentlemen, "pitch on the place 
most convenient to the best spring that they can find, on one of the branches 
of the run or river." Our fathers kept as close to the rivers as if they had been 
amphibious, and kept as sharp a look-out for a good cool spring as Arabs do in 
the desert. They had ladles chained to the church-springs, and were careful 
to have good framed horse-blocks and bridle-hooks for those who went to 

church KN CAVALIER. 

Up to 1734-5, St. Mark's Parish was in Spotsylvania. At that date Spotsyl- 
vania was divided by the line between St. George's and St. Mark's Parishes. 
Spotsylvania was limited to St. George's Parish. AH- above that line, bound- 
ed southerly by old Hanover county, and to the north by the Lord Fairfax 
grant (the Rappahannock river), and westerly by the utmost limits of Virgin- 
ia, was made the county of Orange. In 1788 John Catlett was added to the 
vestry in the place of Goodrich Lightfoot deceased. The Rev. J. Becket now 
came to grief for some scandalous conduct, and was discharged. In 1739 the 
churchwardens were instructed to agree with Mr. McDaniel to serve the pa- 
rish, or with some other minister, except mr. bbckstt. In 1738, Augusta and 
Frederick counties and parishes were separated from Orange and St. Mark's, 
by a line from the head-spring of Hedgeman's river to the head-spring of the 
Potomac, to take effect when there were people enough in the Valley for 
erecting courts of justice; and in the meantime, the people there were exempt- 
ed from levies by Orange and St. Mark's. In 1740, St. Mark's was divided by a 
line from the Wilderness bridge up the mountain road, to the head of Russel 
Ruu; thence down the said run to the river Rapidan; thence up the Rapidan 
to the Robinson river; thence along the ridge,between the Robinson and Rapi- 
dan, to the top of the Blue R dge. All north of said line to retain the name 
of St. Mark's, and all south of said bounds to be the new Parish of St. Thomas. 
This division threw the Southwest Mountain Church and Chapel into St. 
Thomas; and with them Messrs. James Barbour and Benjamin Cave vestry- 
men. William Triplett and William Russell were elected to till the vacancies. 
We now reach the incumbence of the first respectable minister in St. Mark's 


June 10th, 1740. Under this date is the following entry in the Register: — 
"At a vestry in the vestry house at the Fork : it is ordered, that the Rev. 
John Thompson, being recommended by the Governor and Commissary, 
we do entertain him as Minister of our parish; and that he be paid as the law 
directs." Mr. Thompson was a Master of Arts of the University of Edinburgh* 
He had been ordained Deacon by the Bishop of St. David's in the year of 1784, 
at Westminster; and Priest in November of the same year, in the Chapel Roy- 
al of St. James. It must have been very pleasant to the gentlemen of the 
vestry and of the parish, to have exchanged the former disreputable incumbent 
for the accomplished gentleman. It seems also to have been agreeable to one 
the ladies of the parish(if one may venture to say so, after all parties have 
been so long dead) ; for the new minister was not only a scholar and a literary 
gentleman, but he was a very handsome man. The vestry testified their 
pleasure by ordering a study to be added to the glebe- house and the widow of 
Governor Spotswood presented a velvet cloth and cushion to the church in 
1741; and on the 9th of November, 1742, she vowed to obey and to serve him 
in the holy estate of matrimony. Governor Spotswood's castle at Germanna, 
with its fair commander, did not surrender to the consummate address of the 
clerical beseiger without a severe struggle, as the following letter wJJJ testify. 

9 01 

I pfcidtired the brif?inftl of flfife letter fi*oill Mrd'.Mu^^ay Forbes of FalinOttth, A 
lineal descendant of Mr. and Mrs. Thompi^On, and i/iiblished it for the first 
time in my history of St. Georpre's Parish, from whence it was copied by Bish- 
op Meade in his "Old Churches and Families.*' Mrs. Spotswood's children 
and connections were so opposed to the match that she begged to be released 
from her engagement, and was answered thus : 


Bv dilisrently perusing your letter, I see that there is a material p-rgument, 
which I oue^ht to have answered, upon which vour strongest objection to com- 
pleting my happiness seems to depend, viz.: That you would incur ye cen- 
sures of ye world for marrying a person of my station: bv which I understand 
that yoii think it a diminution of your honour and ye dignity of your family 
to marry a person in the station of a clergyman. Now, if I can make it ap- 
pear that the ministerial office is an employment in its nature ye most honor- 
able, asd in its eflfects ve most beneficial to mankind, I hope your objections 
will immediately vanish, yf you will keep me no longer in suspense and miserv. 
hut '•onsum mate my happiness. I make no doubt. Madam, but y* ^ou will 
readil V errant jt no man can be emploved in any work more honorable than what 
immediately relates to the Kin&r of kings andLord of lords, and to ye salva- 
tion of souls immortal in their nature and redeemed by ye blood of the Son of 
God. The powers committed to their care cannot be exercised by ye erreatest 
princes of earth, and it is ye same work in kind and ye same in ye design of it 
with v< of the blessed anerels, who are ministeri»ig spirits for those who shall 
he heirs of salvation. It is ye saine business yt ye Son of God dischared when 
he condescended to dwell among men, which engages men in ye greatest acts 
of doing fiTood in turning sinners from the errors of their way, and by all wise 
and prudent means in Graining souls unto God. And the faithful and diligent 
discharge of this holy function gives a title to ye highest degree of glory in the 
next world; for they yt be wise shall shine as ye brightness of ye firmament, 
and they y* turn many to righteousness as the stars forever. 

All nations, whether learned or ignorant, whether civil or barbarous, have 
agreed to this, as a. dictate of natural reason, to express their reverence for th'^ 
Deity and their affection for relierion, by bestowing extraordinary privileges of 
honour upon such as administer in holy things, and by providing liberally for 
their maintenance. And that ye honour due to the holy function flows from 
ye law of nature appears from hence, yt in the earliest times the civil and 
sacred authority were united in ye same person. Thus Melchisedech was 
Kinsr and Priest of Salem, and among ye Egyptians ye priesthood was joined 
with ve crown. The Greeks acccounted the priesthood with equal dignity with 
kinership. which is taken notice of by Aristotle in several places of his Politicks. 
Among the Tjatins we have a testimony from Virgil yt> at ye same time ^neas 
was both Priest and King. Nay, Moses, who was Prince of Israel before Aaron 
was consecrated, officiated as Priest in ye solemn sacrifice by which ye cove- 
nant with Israel was confirmed. And ye primitive Christians always expressed 
a mighty value and esteem for their clergy, as plainly appears, from ecclesi- 
astical history. And even in our days, as bad as ye world is, those of ye clergy 
who lived up t.o ye dignity of their profession are generally reverenced and 
esteemed bv all religious and well-disposed men. From all which it evidently 
appears yt in all asres and nations of ye world, whether Jews, Heathens or 
rJhristians, great honour and diernity have always been conferred upon the 
clenry. And therefore, dear Madam, from hence you may infer how absurd 
and ridiculous those gentl emends notions are who would fain persuade you yi: 
marrying with ye clergy ye would derogate from ye honour and d^'gnity of 
your family, whereas, in strict reasoning, the contrary thereof would appear, 
and v' it would very much tend to support the honour and dignity of it. Of 
this I hope you will be better convinced when you consider the titles of hon- 
our and respect that are given to those who are invested with ye ministerial 
functions, as are amply displayed in ye Scriptures. Those invested with that 
character are called the ministers of Christ, ye stewards of the mysteries of 
God, to whom they have committed the word of reconciliation — ye glory of 
Christ, ambassadors of Christ in Christ's stead, co-workers with him. Angels of 
the churches. And then it is moreover declared that whosoever despiseth 
them despiseth not man, but God. All which titles shew that upon many 
accounts they stand called, appropriated to God himself. And therefore if a 


pfentleman of this sacred and honorable character should be married to a ladv 
thouprh of ye g^reatest extraction and most excellent personal quality (which I 
am sensible you are endowed with), it can be no disgrace to her nor her fami- 
ly, nor draw ye censures of ye world upon them, for such an action. And, 
therefore, dear Madam, your argument beinpr refuted, you can no lonj^er con- 
sistently refuse to consummate my happiness. 

May, 1742. 

A reconciliation was effected between Mr. Thompson and Mrs. Spotts- 
wood's family some years afterwards, by the kind offices of that remarkable 
man. Rev. R. Rose, who was one of Governor Spottswood's executors, and had 
much to do with his estate, and with his widow and children after Governor 
Spotswood's death, which happened in 1740, at Annapolis, on his way to com- 
mand the army against Carthagena. Mr. Rose, in his journal speaks of hav- 
ing: visited Mr. Thompson in Culpeper, as he seems to have done every other 
man of note in the colony. Mr. Rose's journal, a great desideratum to anti- 
quaries, and which was supposed to have been lost, was seen by Bishop Meade 
in the possession of Mr. Henry Carter of Caroline, and is now in i)osse8sion of 

Mr. Brock, of Richmond.* 

[*Since writing the above I h.-ive been permitted by the kindness of Mr. 
Brock to make the following extract from Mr. Rose's journal:] 

'4746, Feb. 18, I set out for Germanna, called at Capt. Taliaferro's, lodged 
at New Post. 

''19th, went in the rain towards German na; met Mrs. Spottswood Dand- 
ridge and Isaac Campbell, who waited for us at the Bridge quarter; got to Ger- 
manna at night. 20th, spent in settling sundry accounts. 2l8t, went at night 
to Major Finlason's. 22d, went to church, heard Mr. Thompson preach on the 
words, "Your life is hid with Christ in God;" went to the GleV^e. 23d, settled 
I hope all differences in the family, and laid a plan for preventing any. 24th, 
came early to Germanna, where found Col. B. Moore and his lady; settled Mr. 
Thompson's account with some others. 20th, went from New Post to see Mr. 
Benger's plantation." 

The next few years are rather barren of known incidents. The following 

small items from the parish register serve to fill the gap. (1741) Goodrich 
Lightfoot came into the vestry, took the oath of allegiance, signed the test, 
and subscribed to be conformed to the doctrine and discipline of the Church 
of England, in the place of Thomas Stanton, deceased. (1742) Ordered, that 
notice be given in church and chapel that a vestry will meet first Monday in 
March, to place a church convenient to the inhabitants of the upper part of 
the i)ari8h, and that workmen come and agree for building the same. At a 
vestry held in Tenant's old field, a contract was made with J. Kincaid to build 
a church fiffy-eight by twenty- four feet. Benjamin Roberts is chosen vebtry- 
man in place of Captain William Triplett, removed. Robert Slaughter places 
a dial at the church door. (1743) Vestry contracted with J. Eve for an addi- 
tion to Little Fork Church. (1744) ''Ordered, that the Rev. J. Thompson erect, 
fabricate, and build (Hie.) divers additions to the Glebe house." William Peyton 
is directed to view the church three times. (1745) Captain Abraham Field 
chosen vestryman, in place of F. Kirtley, removed, and Philip Clayton in place 
of John Catlett, deceased. (1746) B. Roberts and Coleman Brown are lay readers 
at the two churches, James Pendleton at the chapel, and Thomas Dillard at 
the Little Fork (1747) Robert Slaughter vestryman, in place of Major Finla- 
son, deceased. Dr. James Gibbs is paid *'for doing his best to cure the widow 
George." (1748) At this date Orange was divided, and the county of Culpep- 
er (comprising what is now Madison, Rappahannock and Culpeper) was formed. 
It was named after one of the proprietor of the Northern Neck, Lord Culpep- 
er, from whom it descended to Lord Fairfax, who married his daughter. The 
original county of Culi>eper covered all the "debatable land" between the 


Crown of England and Lord Fairfax east of the Blue Ridge, and was for a long 
time the subject of a very curious controversy, a synopsis of which will be 
found in the next chapter. 


1748. Culpeper county begins its career on historical ground. Its terri- 
tory originally embracing what is now Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock, 
was the subject of a protracted controversy, involving the title to several mil- 
lion acres of land. The entire tract of land ** within the heads of the rivers 
Tappahannock, alias Rappahannock, and Quirough, or Potomac, the courses 
of those rivers, and the Bay of Chesapayoak, &c.," was granted at different 
times, by Kings Charles I. and II., to Lord Hopton, the Earl of St. Albans, 
and others, and subsequently by King James to Lord Culpeper, who had pur- 
chased the rights of the other parties. Lord Fairfax, who married the daugh- 
ter of Lord Culpeper, became the proprietor of this princely domain, common- 
ly known as the Northern Neck. In 1705 Governor Nott, of Virginia, in the 
name of the KiQg,granted 1920 acres of land to Henry Beverly, in the forks of the 
North and South branches of the Rappahannock River. Robert Carter, com- 
monly known as King Carter, who was Fairfax's agent, objected to the grant, 
as being within the limits of Lord Fairfax's grant. The question then arose 
whether the South (the Rapidan) or the North branch of the Rappahannock 
was the chief stream. The Rapidan, named after the English Queen, contest- 
ed the supremacy of the Indian Rappahannock. The Governor and Council 
of Virginia appointed commissioners to meet those of Fairfax, and survey the 
said rivers. The joint commission reported in 1706 that the streams seemed to 
be of equal magnitude. In 1733 Lord Fairfax complained to the King that 
patents had been granted, in the name of the Crown, in the disputed territo- 
ry. Mr. Carter himself, the agent of Fairfax, had taken grants from the 
Crown, to two tracts within the forks of the Rappahannock River. The King 
iu council, ordered the Governor of Virginia to appoint another commission. 
On the part of the Crown he appointed William Byrd, of Westover, John Rob- 
inson, of Piscataway, Essex county, and John Grymes, of Brandon, Middlesex 
county, Virginiai The commissioners of Fairfax were Charles Carter, William 
Berkley and William Fairfax. Omitting the survey of the Potomac, as out- 
side of our subject, we confine ourselves to the survey of the Rapidan. Mr. 
Graeme, with Mr. Hume as assistant, was commissioned on the part of the 
Crown, and Mr. Thomas on the part of Xord Fairfax, *'to survey and measure 
the South Branch of the Rappahannock (the Rapidan,) from the fork to the 
head spring, and return an exact map of the same, and describe all the runs 
and creeks that run into it." Colonel Byrd says; — "While we stayed at Fred- 
ericksburg we lodged at Colonel Henry Willis's, but kept a magnificent table 
at the ordinary, and entertained all gentlemen who came to visit us, which 
were many. We then went to the fork of the river, and found the North 
branch to be wider by three poles and nine links, though it was objected by 
my Lord's Commissioners that the South was made narrower by an island 
that runs along the south shore. We carried a surloin of beef from Colonel 
Carter's, and picked it as clean as a pack of wolves would those of a wounded 
deer. The same gentleman furnished us with strong beer, but forgot to bring 
a vessel to drink it from. However, we supplied that want with the sliell of a 
poor terrapin, which we destroyed, as Henry VIII. did Cardinal Wolsey, for 
the sake of his house. We then proceeded to Germantown, where Governor 
Spots wood received us very courteously, and lest we should have forgotten 
the battles of Marlborough, he fought them all over again, for the nine-and- 


fortieth time. There we took the depositions of Taliaferro, Thornton, and 
Russell, as follows: — John Taliaferro, prentleman, ap:ed forty-nine years, being: 
summoned, saith: — '*About the year 1707 he came to live where he now lives, 
above Snow Creek, nine miles below the falls, and there were then but three 
settlements above his house, on the south side of the river. He had been ac- 
quainted with the fork of the river above twenty-four years, and that one of 
the forks was called South River until Governor Spottswood, about twenty 
years a<jro, named the south branch Rapidan, and it has ever since been so cal - 
ed." Francis Thornton, of Caroline, gentleman, aged fifty-three years and up- 
ward8,beino: sworn, declared: — ''About thirty years ap:o he came to dwell where 
he now lives, on the lower side of Snow Creek, and there were but two settle- 
ments above his house, the uppermost of wbich was about four miles below 
the Falls. He had been acquainted with the forks of the river about twenty- 
seven yeai*s, and that one was called the South and the other the North 
Branch." William RuFsel, aped llftysix yrars, beir.j? sworn saith:— ''He has 
known the Great Fork of the Rappahannock River thirty-five years as a hun- 
ter, and one of the branches was always called South River until he heard 
Governor Spotswood name South River Rapidan, and the other river has 
been called Rappahannock; that the uppermost settlement thirty years apo 
was Montjoy's tobacco house, now Colonel Carter's quarter, on the north side 
of the river; that he saw some posts of the house on Mott's land, three or four 
miles above the Falls, which was said to have been burned by the Indians near 
thirty years ago." 

On the M of August, 1736, the King's Commissioners met at Williamsburg. 
Major Mayo attended with an elegant map, delineating clearly the branches 
of the Rappahannock up to their sources, and with copies of their field- notes. 
The commissioners of the King mile their report. Lord Fairfax took the 
report of his commissioners to Enerland with him, and got the matter referred 
to the- Lords of Trade, to report all the facts and their opinion to the Lords of 
the Committee of Council. All the reports and papers were laid before the lat- 
ter. The question was argued by able counsel; and without going into fur- 
ther details, let it suffice to say, that it was finally decided in favor of Lord 
Fairfax; making that branch 6f the Rapidan, called the Conway, the head- 
stream of the RiEl,piDa;hannock River, and the southern boundary of the North- 
ern Neck;' and thus adding the original county of Culpeper to the princely plan- 
tation of L6rd Fairfax. The Rapidan, named after an English Queen, prevail- 
ed 6v6r the Indian Rappahannock. Queen Ann's name and reign are perpetu- 
ated ih Rapidan, North and South Anna, Fluvanna, Ri van na, German na, &c. 
Authorities differ as to the orthography of the name of the river in question. 
Many spell it Rapid'Ann; and yet in the proceedings of the commissioners for 
settling the boundaries of the Northern Neck, and throughout Henning's Stat- 
utes at large, it always has the form Rapiddan or Rapidan. The decision re- 
ferred to wa-s "ratified by the formal assent of the General Assembly, and by 
the authority bf the highest judicial tribunals. 

] 1749. William Green is chosen vestryman in the place of Capt. Robert 
Gi-eeh, (ieceksedV The county of Culpeper was now honored by the presence 
arid servicei^ of George Washington in the humble office of County Surveyor. 
The mafriage of his brother Lawrence with Miss Fairfax made him known to 
the i)roprietor of the Northern Neck, who gave him the appointment of Sur- 
veyor. In 1748 he was employed in the valley of the Shenandoah. His com- 
pensation was a doubloon ($7.20) a day. In the following year he was made a 
])Ublic surveyor T)y the President of William and Mary College; and in the 
County .Court of^Culpeper we find the following i-ecord: 


July 20tli, 1749. ^"(ieorffe Wasbiiipfton, ^^ntlemaii, produced a connuis- 
sioii from the President of William and Mary College, appointing him Survey- 
or of this county, which was received; and thereupon took the usual oaths to 
his Majesty's person and government; and took and subscribed tlie abjuration 
oath and test, and then took the oath of surveyor, according to law." 

Washington was now in his seventeenth year, and continued in office three 
years. As no one had the sagacity to see the undeveloped germs of greatness 
which lay hid in this unfledged youth, his daily life passed without special ob- 
. servation. Had it been otherwise, we should in all probability have found, in 
our old parish register, the record that he was the surveyor who laid off our 
glebes and sites of churches, and ran some of our parish lines. 

1750. A ''chapel of ease'' was ordered at the Little Fork, and the vestry 
agreed to meet at or near the old muster-lield at the forks of the road, to 
choose the site, and contract with Thomas Hrown to undertake it. 

1751. Thomas Slaughter is chosen vestryman in x)lace of Robert Slaugh- 
ter, Jr., removed from the parish; and James Pendleton in place of Capt. Ball, 
deceased. Gabriel Jones is paid 200 pounds tobacco for attorney's fees. Dr. 
Thomas Howison 1000 pounds tobacco for medical attendance on the poor, and 
Wiu. Peyton 200 pounds tobacco for processioning lands. 

1752. St. Mark's Parish is again divided by the Meander or Crooked Run, 
falling into the Robinson River, up to Col. John Spottswood's corner on that 
run, thence by his line, north 28 degrees east to Bloods worth's road, then by a 
straight line to Crooked Run, a branch of the north fork of the Gourdvine 
River, where the main road called Duncan's, crosses the said run, thence by 
said run up to the head thereof; thence to the head of White Oak Run, thence 
by that run down to the North River. All below that line except so 
much as lies in the county of Orange, to be one distinct parish, and retain the 
name of St. Mark's; and all above said bounds, together with so much of St. 
Thomas as lies in Culpeper, which is hereby added to and made part of the 

, same, by another distinct i)arish, and called Bromfield (see 0th Henning 2o().) 

As this division threw Tennant's Church into the Parish of Bromfield, the 

church wardens were ordered to provide benches or seats in the court-house 

for the accommodation of so much of that congregation as remained iu St. 

Mark's. This gives the date of the first church services held at Culpeper 

('ourthouse. The churchwadens were also ordered to apply to the surveyor 

to run the lines between the parishes, and Henry Field and l^hilip Clayton 

were directed to attend the surveyor when running these lines. Mr. Brown 

was also ordered to remove the materials for the intended chapel in the Little 

Fork, and to erect a church, instead of a chapel, with them, on a ridge be- 

tween Freeman's [This Freeman was the grandfather of Mrs. Waller Yager. 
His father and Major Eastham came from Gloucester county, and were among 
the early settlers in what is now Culpeper. Mrs. Yager's father was one of the 
first members of Little Fork Church. His father owned a large body of land 
there. He died in the 96th year of his age, leaving five sons and four daught- 
ers.] Mill Run and the river, in the edge of Freeman's old field — the church to 

be ceiled with plank instead of clApboads, and to have wainscot instead of 

plain pews, in the best manner. A new church was also ordered upon Col. 

Spotswood's land, near the cool spring above John Lea veil's, on or near Buck 

Run. The present writer well remembers to have seen, in his boyhood, the 

relics of the burying-ground of this old church, which stood in a grove upon 

the hill, above and across Buck Run from the dwelling where old Capt. Moore 

then resided, and Capt. John Strother now lives. 

1753 to 1757. Some of the leaves of the vestry book have been torn out, 

. leaving a gap in the record from 1753 to 1757. which Bishop Meade has passed 


over. I propose to fill that gap from the folio, which is entire, and with inev- 
itable inferences from other known facts. One of these inferences is, that 
there was a church at Mount Pony. The ground of this inference is the fact 
that an appropriation had been made for a church at that place in 1753; a.nd 
one of Mr. Thompson's manuscript sermons (still extant) is endorsed as having 
been preached at Mount Poney Church some years after. 

The names of the following persons appear in a record before me as having 
served in a^ campaign against the French and Indians about this date, viz.. 
Col. Robert Slaughter, Lieut.-<]lol. Wm. Russell, Capt. Wm. Brown, Capt. Jno. 
Strother, Lieut. John Field, Lieut. Wm. Slaughter, Martin Nalle, Wm. Nalle, 
Charles Yancey, Wm. lightfoot, Reuben Long, Thomas Slaughter, William 
Robertson, Wm. Yager, Henry Gaines, Henry Stringfellow, and Wm. Roberts. 
All these names have their representatives still in Culpeper, and they are re- 
produced as items of interest to their descendants. Robert Slaughter, Robert 
Coleman, Daniel Brown, Philip Rootes, Reuben Long, and Wm. Williams, are 
spoken of as being neighbors. Dr. Michael Wallace presented an account to 
the vestry for 800 pounds of tobacco, for curing Eliza Maddox. Daniel Brown, 
James Spillman, and Henry Field, are credited with services rendered; and C. 
Hutchens is allowed 100 pounds tobacco for grubbing the churchyard at Little 

1757. The vestry met ait the vestry-house, and the following gentlemen 
were present: — Rev. Mr. Thompson, minister; Wm. Light foot, Robert Green, 
Goodrich Lightfoot, Wm. Green, Jas. Pendleton, Francis Slaughter, Robert 
Slaughter, Philip Clayton, Benj. Roberts and Henry Field. James Pendleton 
was continued as Clerk (Lay Reader) of Little Fork Church; Nat. Pendleton, 
Clerk of the Lower Church, Richard Young, Clerk of Buck Run Church, and 
Wm. Peyton, Clerk of the Vestry. The churchwardens were directed to pro- 
vide two new surplices and two prayer-books for the use of the parish. Col. 
Wm. Green and Col. Wm. Russell were made church wardens for the en- 
suing year, and Robert Easthain vestryman, in place of Thomas Stubblefield, 
deceased. Divers poor and infirm persons were exempted from paying parish 
levy, and appropriations were made for the support of all poor and disabled 
people. Last Monday in November, 1757, vestry met at the new church on 
Buck Run. H. Field reported that he had paid the quit-rents for the glebe 
and church for 1755-56. Thomas Covington was paid for tarring the church, 
grubbing the yard, and making the horse-block at Buck Run. 

1758. Dec. 1st. Robert Eastham and Robert Green churchwardens for 
the ensuing year. Thos. Slaughter and Anthony Garnett made vestrymen, in 
place of Wm. Stubblefield, deceased, and Wm. Lightfoot, removed out of the 
parish. James Pendleton, Sheriff gave bond and security as collector of par- 
ish levy. 

1759. In February, Act of the General Assembly established the town 
of Fairfax, on a ''high and pleasant situation in the county of Culpeper, where 
the courthouse now stands;^^ and set apart thirty acres of Robert Coleman^s 
land, to be laid off into lots and streets by the trustees, Thomas Slaughter, 
Wm. Green, Philip Clayton, Nat Pendleton, and Wm. Williams. This land 
was held by Benjamin Davis, lessee of Coleman, who was permitted to hold 
his houses, and have one fifth of his rent deducted. Hence the name of Davis 
and Coleman Streets. Nov. 26th, 1750, payments were made to William Rus- 
sell, R. D. Parks, J. M. Tackett, Charles Morgan, and J. Carnager, R. Wright 
and Joseph Newman, for providing for certain poor persons. Thomas Slaugh- 
ter and Anthony Garnett made churchwardens for ensuing year. 

1761. Sept. Ist, an addition to Little Fork Church, 32 feet long and 22 


feet -wide, was ordered. Thos. Covington, with Lewis Davis Yancey as his securi- 
ty,gave his bond to build it for 100 poundsJ Nov. 1761,the usual annual appro- 
priations for the poor were made. 1600 pounds tobacco were ordered to be sold 
out of the depositum for cash, to pay 100 pounds to Covinfjrton for additions to 
Little Fork Church. Goodrich Lightfoot and Wm. Williams were chosen 
churchwardens for the ensuing year, and John Green collector. 

1762. Sept. 1st, Wm. Pollard was elected clerk of the Lower Church. 
An oi:der of Bromfield Parish bein^ exhibited by Ambrose Powell and Martin 
Nalle, gentlemen of the vestry of said parish, to join them in the division of 
the two parishes, it is ordered that the same lie for the further consideration 
of the vestry. From this entry it would seem that although the two parishes 
had been separated for ten years, the parish lines had not been run. Dec. 
18th,1762,at a vestry at Little Fork Church the usual routine business was gone 
through, and Henry Field and Benjamin Roberts made churchwardens for the 
ensuing year. 

1768. April 8th, Wm. Ball was chosen vestryman in the room of James 
Pendleton, deceased, and Henry Field, Jr., in the place of Henry Field, Sr., 
resigned. Philip Clayton was chosen to succeed Henry Field as churchward- 

Dec. 19th, "Wm. Ball, and Henry Field, Jr., having in the court of Culpep- 
er taken the oath to his Majesty, and subscribed the test, and in the vestry 
subscribed to be conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church 
of England as by law established, took their places as vestrymen accordingly." 
The above entry is mdre circumstantial than usual, but it only describes in de- 
tail what always took place when a new vestryman was qualified. Wm. Ball 
and Henry Field made churchwardens for the ensuing year. 5500 lbs. of to- 
bacco were set apart for repairing the Lower Church, and 3000 lbs. for paying 
allowances to the poor. 

1764. Nov. 19th, appropriated to Thos. Covington, in full satisfaction 
for repairing the church, vestry-house, dial-post, stand and six benches, 700 
lbs. of tobacco, he having already received 8500 lbs. 

The Rev. Mr. Thompson having represented to the vestry that the glebe- 
land of this parish is insufficient to furnish timber, fire-wood and fences, the 
vestry do order that a petition be presented to the General Assembly for an 
act enabling the vestry to sell the glebe and purchase another in lieu 
thereof. Mr. Thompson having asked for leave to build a gallery in Lower 
Church for the use of his family, the vestry consent, provided the lower part 
of the gallery be above the windows and not inconvenient to any part of the 
ciiurch, except the back pew, in which the stairs are to be carried up. John 
(rreen and Robert Green are appointed churchwardens. 

1765. Nov. 26th, the usual routine business being dispatched, the vestry 
adjourned to meet at Frederick Zimmerman^s on the 17th December. 

Dec. 17th, ordered, that the churchwardens agree with workmen to build 
a house at Buck Run Church, and another at the Fork Church, each 12 feet 
wide and 16 feet long, well framed and covered with shingles free from sap, 
weather-boarded with feather-edged plank, underpinned with brick or stone 18 
inches from the surface of the earth, a brick or stone chimnev to. each, sash 
windows to each with eight lights of glass 8 by 10 inches, with a plank floor 
above and below. We give the style of these houses in detail because they are 
specimens of the vestry-houses of that day, and illustrate some other points. 
James Slaughter and James Pendleton were elected vestrymen in the room of 
Francis Slaughter, gentleman, deceased, and Thos. Slaughter, who had re- 
moved from the parish. Goodrich Lightfoot and William Williams church- 


wardens for next year. 

. 1766. Nov. 17, Samuel Clayton chosen vestryman in room of Major Phi- 
lip Clayton. Benjamin Roberts and James Pendleton made churchwardens for 
next year, and appropriations for current expenses. 

1767. Nov. 24th, James Slaughter and Samuel Clayton churchwardens. 
Samuel Cla»ton, Jr., in behalf of the congregation of Buck Run Church, mov- 
ed that R. Young be removed from being reader at said church, and said 
Young is ordered to answer the complaint on the 18th of December. Jlr. 
Young soon after came into the vestry and resigned. The cause of complaint 
is not stated. 

1768. February 23d, an addition to Buck Run Church, twenty-eight feet 
wide and three feet long, sills, sleepers, posts and braces all of oak, and under- 
pinned with brick or stone, is ordered: and Captain William Brown being the 
lowest bidder at 11,500 lbs. of tobacco, it is let to him upon his entering into 
bond with security that it be done in a workman-like manner, and finished by 
October of the ensuing year. 

November 23d, James Pendleton and G. Lightfoot churchwardens for the 
ensuing year, and Cadwallader Slaughter appointed vestryman in place of 
Robert Slaughter, deceased. 

1770. Leave is given to Samuel Henning to build a gallery in Buck Run 
Church at his own expense. The wardens are instructed to advertise the 
glebe for sale in the Virginia Gazette, and to buy a more conv^enient site for a 
glebe. The glebe was sold to Samuel Henning for one hundred and ninety- 
nine pounds current money. Goodrich Lightfoot and others report that they 
had viewed several tracts of land, and that Francis Slaughter's or George Cat- 
lett's was the most convenient for a glebe. The vestry adjourned to meet at 
Lawrence Catlett's and decide upon the site. John Green vestryman in the 
room of William Green, deceased. 

November, the vestry this day bought three hundred acres of the tract on 
which Francis Slaughter lives (Francis Slaughter owned a large tractof land, 
including the old glebe tract, near what is now called Brandy Station,) and 
adjoining the land of Reuben Slaughter and Cadwallader Slaughter, gentle- 
men, for 199 pounds in money and 10,000 pounds of tobacco. An overseer's 
house, a quarter, a barn and a corn-house are ordered to be built on the glebe 

1771. At a vestry at Buck Run Church, French Strother, gentleman, 
and John Gray, gentleman, are made vestrymen, in place of Goodrich Light- 
foot and Henry Field, gentlemen, removed from the parish. Philip Pendleton 
is made clerk of the vestry in place of William Peyton, deceased. Mr. Peyton 
had served the vestry as clerk for forty years continuously. An addition is or^ 
dered to the south side of Little Fork Church, to correspond to the other ad- 
dition. These enlargements of the church, new galleries and extra benches, 
would seem to show that Mr. Thompson's ministry was attended by large and 
growing congregations. Mr. Wp-ugh chosen a vestryman in 1772. Colonel 
James Slaughter, gentleman, agreed to have the glebe-house built for 35,900 
pounds of tobacco. The plans and specifications are minutely detailed in the 
vostrybook. This was the glebe-house so long occupied by the reverend and 
venerable John WoodviHe, and afterwards by Messrs. Glassell and Wager. 
The original glebe-house was burned; perhaps some of the outbuildings may 
be standing. 

The glebe-house, the plan of which is described in the last cha])ter, was 
built for the Rev. John Thompson; but man proposes and God disposes. Be- 
fore this earthly tabarnacle was finished, Mr. Thompson was called to **a house 

• 17 

not made with bands, eternal in the heavens/^ After a laborious and fruitful 
ministry of more than thirty years, the brave soldier of the cross laid aside his 
armor and put on his crown. He was buried at the brick house near Stevens- 
burg so long tenanted by the Hansbroughs, and now owned and occupied by 
Dr. Grayson. By his first wife (Lady Spotswood) he had two childftren, viz: 
Anne, who in her fifteenth year married Francis Thornton, of Fall Hill, near 
Fredericksburg. Mr. Thompson also had a son by Mrs. Spootswood, named 
William, who married Miss Sallie Carter, of Cleve. Amons: their descendants 
were Commodore Thompson of the U. S. Nflvy, and many of the Thompsons 
of Kentucky. 

After the death of his first wife, the Rev. John Thompson married Miss 
Bootes. One* of their children was the Hon. Phillip Rootes Thomp- 
son, who once represented the district of Fauquier and Culpeper 
in Congress, and then moved to the county of Kanhawa, where his family 
was the nucleus around which was gathered the Episcopal Church and Parish 
at the mouth of Coal, one of the tributaries of the Kanhawa River. 

The second wife of the Hon. P. R. Thompson was a daughter of the old 
patriarcl)al vestryman, Robert Slaughter, of Culpeper. Bishop Meade said of 
her, **She was esteemed and loved by all who knew her, as one of the humblest 
and most devoted members of the church in Virginia I have always (he adds) 
felt my own sense of the Divine power and excellency of religion strengthened 
by every visit to her abode. She exchanged it some years since for a better 
one above." 

After the death of Mr. Thompson, the Rev. Charles Woodmason was em- 
ployed to do some service in the parish. This is all that seems to have been 
known by our historians of this person; but I have found in ** Perry's Collec- 
tion," a memorial to the Bishop of London signed by him, in which he says, — 
**Through much sickness, brought on by fatigue in traversing the back part 
of Carolina, I had accepted for my health the Parish of Bromfleld in Culpeper 
county. Being delayed so long in waiting for a successor, Bromfield was grant- 
ed away, fearing its lapse to the Governor, while I was on my way. I might 
have gotten some other parish, had not the Virginians entered into resolves 


This explains the whole matter, and shows the patriotic spirit of the vestry 
of St. Mark's, among whom were some persons who soon became conspicuous 
in the war of "the Revolution. November, 1772, the vestry proceeded to con- 
sider of a proper person to recommend to the Governor as minister of the par- 
ish, when the Rev. Edward Jones, of Caroline, was unanimously nominated. 
James Slaughter and John Gray were chosen churchwardens. January 6th, 
1773, the Rev. Edward Jones produced his induction from the Governor, ap- 
pointing him minister of this parish, agreeable to a presentation of a former 
vestry, and took his seat in vestry accordingly. April 21st, 1773, the vestry 
met to fix on a site for the mansion on the glebe, and finding no place where 
water was convenient, agreed with Mr. Francis Slaughter for 100 acres of land 
adjoining the former purchase, for the sum of 150 lbs. current money. Octo- 
ber 26th, 1773, the church in the Little Fork having been burned, the vestry 
met on the ground, and concluded to erect one of wood, sixty feet long and 
forty feet wide, on Robort Freeman's or Peter Bowman's land. It was also or- 
dered that William Williams, John Green, James Slaughter and Cadwallader 
Slaughter have James Pendleton's tobacco-house repaired for Divine worship 
until the church be finished. December, 1773, the vestry reconsidered their 
former order and resolved to build a church of brick, eighty feet long and 

• 18 

•■ thirty feet wide in the clear, with twenty feet pitch, to be finished completely 
in best manner by first day of November, 1776. Thirty thousand pswinds'iof 
tobacco to be paid next summer, and the balance to be paid in three equal an- 
nual payments. 

This is the old brick church in the Little Fork which has stood for one 
hundred years, the mute memorial of other times aiid other men; The walls 
of this centennial church once resounded with the voices of »iree, some of 
whose sons now pass by on the other side, or look coldly at the shrine where 
their fathers worshipped, and speak lightly of the anthems they sung in days 
of auld lang syne. 

And rudely sighs- ^he. wandering wind, ■ ■■■.'/ 

Where oft, in years gone by, , i 

Prayer rose from many hearts to Him, 

The Highest of the High. 
The tramp of many a busy foot .' 

That sought thy aisles is o'er, 
And many a weary heart i^ui^d 
Is stilled forever more. , . ^ , , 

Oh! could' we call the many back 

WhoVe gathered here in vain, 
Who careless roved where we do now. 

Who'll never meet again. 
How would our souls be stirred 
• To meet the earnest ga»e 

Of the lovely and the beautiful, — • . f 

. The light of other days. 

The churchwardens are ordered to let the following buildings on the 
glebe-land, viz.: — A kitchen thirty-two by sixteen feet, with an inside brick 
chimney with two fire-places, covered with good shingles, and boardeti 
with feather-edged plank. A quarter, twenty' by 'six1!een feet covered 
with long shingles, and boarded with ^ good oak-boards,, and 
an inside wooden chimney. Also, a dairy and meat-house twelve 
feet square, each to be done in the best . manner ; a stable twertty 
feet square, of sawed logs, covered with long shingles: also, seven httti- 
dred feet of sawed paling, five feet long, with sawed rails three s!q|uare. The 
wardens are also ordered to let the building of a gallery in the-Lower Church. 
John Green and James Pendleton are ordered to agree with Peter Bowman for 
two other acres of his land, for the use of the church. 

1774. Benjamin Roberts and John Grreen are appointed churchwardens 
for the ensuing year. . i 

1775. The vestry met to lay the parish levy,, but the inspecting law ceas- 
ing, they are in doubt what method will be pursued through, this colony for 
levying and collecting the. same, and, conclude to await the opinion of the 
General Convention. 

1776. The vestry met and proceeded to lay the levy. Robert Gaines was 
made clerk of the Lower Church, in place of John Hume. It is ordered that Peter 
Bowm&n be paid two pounds for one and a half acres of land for the use of the 
brick church, and that Edmund Vass be paijd five pounds fpr two plans for the 
brick church. The collector is ordered to pay Samual'dayton three- pounds 
seven shillings and sixpence for laying off the brick church lot,- and Mrj Ball 
and James Pendleton are made churchwardens for the ensuing year. Richard 
Yancey is chosen vestryman in the place of John Green, in Coxtinkxtai* SBiR- 

viCK. (This is the only allusion to the Revolutionary War in the ve^try-book. 
The vestry seem to have limited themselves rigidly to their duties, and never 
to have invaded the political sphere, although several of them were officers of 
the army, and all sympathized with the American cause. Culpeper county 
was conspicuous for the services of her sons in the old Revolution, having con- 
tributed eight companies of eighty-four men each to the army. Those com- 
panies were raised by the following captains, viz.: John Green, John Thorn- 
ton, George Slaughter, Gabriel Long, Gabriel Jones, John Gillison, Captain 
McClanahan (a Baptist preacher), and Abraham Buford. In the notes and il- 
lustrations at the end of this volume will be found some interesting details up- 
on this point. We return to the acts of the vestry.) 

1777. Ordered, that the churchwardens advertise the vacancy of this 
parish and the renting of the glebe. As Mr. Jones had not resigned, this looks 
like a broad hint that his resignation would be accepted. 

1778. The General Assembly having suspended the salaries of clergy- 
men, the vestry met to fix on some method of paying the salaries of the officers 
of the church, and recommended subscriptions for that purpose. The recom- 
mendation is signed by French Strother, James Slaughter, William Gray, 
Robert Green, Robert Yancey, Benjamin Roberts, Cad. Slaughter and James 
Pendleton. Burkett Davenport is made vestryman in place of Wm. Williams, 

1780. February 31st, the Rev. Edward Jones this day came into the ves- 
try and resigned the charge of this parish. In March the vestry met at Capt. 
Bradley's, and ordered that the Sheriff collect of each tithe in the parish five 
pounds tobacco, or in money at the rate of twenty-five per hundred. Robert 
Pollard and Lawrence Slaughter are appointed vestrymen to fill the vacanciep. 
In the ensuing April the vestry met at the glebe, and agreed to receive the 
Rev. James Stevenson as minister of their parish, according to law, and Thom- 
as Stanton was made lay-reader at the Little Fork Church, in the room of 
Philip Pendleton, resigned. The vestry met again in December of this year, 
and ordered certain payments to be mp-de to John Jameson, clerk of the coun- 
ty, Henry Field, Reuben Long, Robert Latham William Terrill, and Michael 
Sloane, for the oeuefit of the poor of the pirish. Lawrence Slaua^hter and Rob- 
ert Pollard churchwardens for the ensuing year. 

1771. Robert Coleman made collector, and ordered to collect of 1957- 
tithes seven pounds of tobacco each, for the clothing, feeding, and providing 
medical attention for the poor distributed among the farmers. 

1782. Ordered, that the churchwardens inform the poor claimants of 
this parish three months before meeting that they attend the vestry (if able) 
and let their situation be known. 

178^^. Bowles Armstead appointed vestryman in the room of Benjamin 
Roberts, deceased. 

1784. Resolved, That the churchwardens provide the goods for the poor 
on the best terms they can and report the result. James Jett is appointed 
clerk of the vestry, and Samuel Clayton and Robert Yancy churchwardens. 

This is the last meeting of the vestry recorded in the old register, which 
began in 1730. This gap in the record of the parish can only be filled with a 
general outline of its history, which must be gathered from many scattered 
sources. Rev. James Stevenson probably continued to be the minister of St. 
Mark's Parish until he exchanged places with Mr. Woodville, the former going 
to Fredericksburg and the latter coming to Culpeper. 


1785. The Episcopal Church in Virginia had its first legislative council. 


. J; 

For 175 years it had been in bondage to the Crown and Parliament of Great/ 
Britain. For political reasons it was not allowed to have a Bishop, nor to ' 
make a law for its own government, pr for the discipline of its ministers and , 
members. One of its flrst acts aftjer becoming free, was tp meet in convention 
and frame a constitution and code of discipline. Mr. Stevenson, ^^ith James 
Pendleton, lay deputy, reprebented St. Mark's in the Convention of 1785. One 
of the first acts of the Church, when free, was to divide the State into districts, 
the ministers in each district forming a " Presbytery. " To supply, in some 
measure, the place of a Bishop, a clergyman was appointed to visit each disj/ 
trict and to preside in its presbytery. Mr. Stevenson was made visitor of the 
district composed of the parishes of St. Mark's, St. George's, Bromfield, and 
Berkley. In 1786 St. Mark's was represented only by Robert Slaughter, lay 
delegate. Mr. Stevenson was the minister of Berkley Parish, Spotsylvania, 
in the interval between 1768, when he was licensed- for Virginia, and 1780, when 
lie took charge of St.. Mark's Parish. Cpl. Taylqr, of Orange, in his diary of 
1787, says: — " I went to James Taylor's to the marriage of Thomas Barbour . 
and Jane Taylor bv , the REy. James Stevenson," and in 1788 he says:— 
* 'Thomas Barb ours son was baptized and named James Taylor." 

In January, 179^, he was electedsby the unanimous vote of the people as- 
sembled at the market-house in Fredericksburg. It was during his charge of: 
St. George's that those two institutions which have done so much good, the 
male and female charity schools, were instituted. , 

In 1799 Mr. Stevenson preached the annual sermon in behalf of these 
schools,. whose pupils were required to go to church and be catechised by the 
minister, foi; which t^e teachers were bound ^o, prepare them. In 1803 he , 
preached an appropriate discou;r8e on the anniversary of St. John th^ Evan-*' 
gelist, before the Masons of Fredericksburg. Soon after he • was confined by a 
protracted illness in Culpeper, from which he nevpr sufficiently recovered to 
resume his ministry. The following correspondence will explain the occasion 
of his resignation: 

Fredericksburg, July 25th, 1805. 
DiiSy^R feiR: ' . . * ' ' 

In conformity to a resolution of the trustees of your church, at a meeting ' 
on the 24th inst., we beg leave to express the just sense entertained of your past 
services, and the sincere regret that your indisposition has so long deprived u?: , 
of their contipuancQ. It has been intimated that you had expressed yourself 
doubtful of ybiir hed.lth's enabling you to perform those clerical duties, so 
justly appreciated; though from motives of personal consideration, the trus- 
tees feel a repugnance in the discharge of thiaduty, yet the welfare of this 
church requiring every attention that can promote it, and well knowing your 
unremitting zeal for i(;s interest, we flatter ourselves that you will excuse the 
request we now make, of being informed of your intention of continuing in 
the office of your present appointment. 

With sentiments of aff <K;tiopate regard, we are, very repectfully. dear sir, 
your obedient servants, WILLIAM TAYLOR, 


' Church Wardens. 
[Answer.] ■ • • 

Culpeper, Ju lA^ 29th, 1805. 
(tkxtlemex: : : 

Your letter of the 25jth'eurrent caine to hand yesterday; and I am request- 
ed by liiy husband to make his acknowledgements for the sentiments therein . 
contained, hdth in regard to his past services and health. As to tbe latter, he 
has but little hope of its being established so far 'as to enabte him to perform 
the duties of a parish,* but he begs you will believe, that the zeal he has hith- 
erto manifested towards your qhurch is still alive, and to hear of its- welfare , 
will ever be grateful to him. He therefore recommends it to the tiustaes to 
provide a minister a» soon as they can, and that he may be one every way 
suitable is his sincere wish. ' • * . ; i ; 


With much respect and eBteeni, I am, gentlemen, yours. &c.. 


Mr. Stevenson married Miss Littlepage, a lady of fine intelligence and cul 
ture. The Hon. Andrew Stevenson, who was Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives and Minister of England, and the late Carter Stevenson, were his 
sons. The Hon. J. White Stevenson, late Governor, and present Senator in 
Congress from Kentucky, is his grandson. Mr. Stevenson survived his resig- 
nation of St. George's several years, and departed this life June, 1809. The 
following brief item from the Virginia Argus furnished the only intelligence 
we have of the event: **Died on Friday in Culpeper after a tedious illness, the 
Rev. James Stevenson, a gentleman much and deservedly esteemed by an ex- 
tensive acquaintance." 

Since the foregoing pages were written we have received from Dr. Payne, 
of Tennessee, some valuable illustrations of the lives of his grandfather Wood- 
ville and his great-grandfather Stevenson. Of the latter he says he was an in- 
valid in his last days, having been stricken by paralysis, and was the guest of 
Mr. Wcodville at St. Mark's glebe. Your father, he adds, Capt. P. Slaughter, 
was one of his vestrymen, and gave me many interesting incidents of his pri- 
vate life. His last family residence was Hopewell, near Fredericksburg, where 
the Hopewell nursery now is. His library was bought for a mere trifle by a 
gentleman of Fauquier, who designed returning it to the family, but died be- 
fore fulfilling his purpose. The following is a copy of his letters of ordination 
(now before us,) engrossed on parchment: 

Be it known unto all men by the presents, that w(*, Richard, by Divine 
permission. Bishop of London, holding by the assistance of Almighty God a 
special ordination on Thursday, 29th of September, in the year of our Lord 17- 
68, being the feast of St. Michael the Archangle, in the chapel of our Palace in 
Fulham in Middlesex, did admit our beloved in Christ, James Stevenson, (of 
whose virtuous and pious life and conversation, and competent knowledge and 
learning in the Holy Scriptures, we were well assured) into the Holy Order of 
Priests, according to the manner and form prescribed and used by the church 
of England; and him, the said James Stevenson, did then and there rightly and 
canonically ordain a Priest. He having first in our presence and in the form 
of law taken the oaths appointed by law to be taken for and instead of the 
oath of supremacy, and he likewise having freely and voluntarily subscribed 
to the 39 articles of religion,and to the three articles.contairied in the 36 canon. 

In testimony whereof, we have caused our Episcopal seal to be hereunto 
affixed. Dated the day and the year above written, and in the fifth year of 
our translation. 


l.OXDOX. DKP. liVAi. 

On the mitred seal appended is inscribed the seal of Richard Terrick, Bish- 
op of London, 1764. 

Among the documents sent by Dr. Payne is an original Thanksgiving ser- 
mon preached by Mr. Stevenson at Mattapony Church, Berkley Parish, Spots- 
ylvania, on Thursday, 13th of November, 1777, on the occasion of the surren- 
der of Burgoyne's army. In outward form the sermon is a curious relic of by- 
gone days. It is about four inches long and six inches wide. It consists of 
nineteen pages, with only nine lines on each page. In point of sentiment and 
literary execution it is excellent, and gives us a pleasing illustration of the 
piety and patriotism of one of our old colonial ministers. 


In the progress of our narrative we have reached in Mr. Woodvillo a link 
between the two centuries, overlapping several generations. There are those 
now living who remember his antique face and form. Patriarchs who were 


once his pupils still linger on the horizon. Many survive upon whose brows he 
poured the water of holy baptism; some whom he visited in sickness, and to 
whom he administered the holy communion; and there are hundreds for whose 
fathers and mothers, grandfathers and grandmothers, he performed all these 
offices, consigning them at last to the tomb in the burning words of our grand 
old burial-service. His official advisers, those venerable vestrymen, Robert 
Slaughter, of *The Grange^'; Peter Hanshrough, of "Coal Hill"; Champ Car- 
ter, of "Farley"; John Jameson, Clerk of the County; William Broadus; Sam- 
uel Slaughter, of "Western View"; John Thom, of "Berry Hill"; Isaac and 
Walter Winston, of Auburn, with whom he took counsel and walked to the 
house of God in company, are all gone. The parish register, in which were 
recorded his official acts, and which, like the old register we have been follow- 
ing, would have been such a fruitful source cf information for the illustration 
of the history of the parish and county, cannot be found. We are therefore 
limited to the few facts scattered through the extant journals, and the memo- 
ries of living men, for materials to construct a meagre skeleton of his admin- 

Mr. Wood vi lie having been a teacher, with a boarding school under his 
charg ?, could not always attend the conventions, which were held in Rich- 
mond, the horse being almost the only mode of locomotion in those days. Mr. 
Woodville, who married a daughter of the Rev. James Stevenson, succeeded 
him as minister of St. Mark^s. Mr. Woodville, like Mr Stevenson, was elected 
minister of St. George's Parish by a vote of the people assembled in the mar- 
ket-house in Fredericksburg. The vote was ninety-six for Mr. Woodville and 
thirty-four for Rev. Thomas Davis, whereupon Mr. Woodville was proclaimed 
by the senior warden, Mr. Day, to be duly elected. In the Virginia Herald of 
that date we find two brief notices of him. In June, 1792, he preached a well- 
adopted discourse before the Masons. In a poem of the day, written by a min- 
ister apologizing for levity of conversation with which he had been roproach- 
ed, occur these lines: 

"Deny him not those aids within his reach; 

But let me laugh, and modest Woodville preach." 

Mr. Woodville was Professor of the Humanities in the Fredericksburg 
Academy when Gilbert Harrow was Professor of Mathematics. These gentle- 
men were required to be examined by Bishop Madison in the classics and in 
the sciences. It is probable that Mr. Woodville si)ent some years in teaching 
before he was chosen as minister of St. George's Parish, as I find in the diary 
of Colonel Frank Taylor, of Orange, under the date of 1789, the following en- 
try: "Mr. Woodville preached to a large congregation on Sunday at Orange 
C. H., and he preached to a much larger one on the Sunday before at Pine 
Stake Church, near Raccoon Ford." 

In 1791 St. Mark's was represented in Convention by David Jameson as 
lay delegate, in 1796 by Mr. Woodville and Robert Slaughter; in 1797 by J. 
Woodville and John Jameson; in 1805 by William Broadus; in 1812 by J. Wood- 
ville and Robert Slaughter; in 1814 by William Broadus. The Convention ap- 
pointed Robert Slaughter, Peter Hansbrough and Garland Thompson to col- 
lect funds in Culpeper for resuscitation of the church. In 1815 J. Woodville 
represented St. Mark^s Parish, and the Rev. William Hawley and Samuel 
Slaughter represented St. Stephen's Church, which is the first appearance of 
the latter upon the record. 

And now a new era begins to dawn on the church in Virginia. The black 
cloud of desi)air is spanned by the bow of hope. The Good providence of God 


sent Bishop Moore to lead the "forlorn hope," and never was there a man bet- 
ter fitted for the special crisis. Baptized with the Holy Ghost and with fire, 
his heart was a fcnshing spring of emotion, which overflowed his eyes, and 
sfcreamihg from his eloquent tongue and trembling hands, melted his hearers 
to tears. He wept over the ruins of the old churches and the scattered sheep 
without a shepherd, like the lamentation of Jeremiah over the desolation of 

In St. Mark's Parish the first fruit of this new movement was St. Stephen's 
Church at Culpeper C. H., and its first heralds were Rev. Wm. Hawley and 
Mr. Samuel Slaughter, all making their first appearance on the record in 1815. 
There is no record that I can find of the building or consecration of St. Steph- 
en's Church. It connects itself with history at this point, but when and how 
it came into being has eluded all my researches in print and in the memories 
of living men. 

Bishop Moore reported having visited Culpeper during the past year, and 
confirmed sixty persons: This was the first and the largest confirmation ever 
held in the parish. In August of this year Bishop Moore preached in four 
places in Culpeper, and confirmed eighteen. He also reports having ordained 
Mr. Hawley to the priesthood. Mr. Hawley was elected a delegate to the 
General Convention. He extended his labors to Orange C. H., and after a 
ministry of two years he was called to St. John's Church, Washington, where 
he spent the remainder of his days, beloved by all men. Of his ministry in 
Culpeper and Orange, Bishop Meade said he ** preached and labored with 
much effect." And Rev. Mr. Earnest, in his sketch of St. Thomas, Orange, 
says:— -When Mr. Hawley began his labors in Orange the Episcopal Church 
had wellnigh died out. But three or four communicants remained. Under 
his ministry there began to dawn a brighter day for the Church. Some of 
the communicants added by him still remain. During Mr. Hawley's adminis- 
tration Bishop Moore made his first Episcopal visit to Orange, and preached 
with great effect, and administered the rite of confirmation to a goodly num- 
ber. It was the first confirmation ever held in St. Thomas's Parish. Among 
the goodly number was the aged mother of President Madison, who had never 
before had p-n opportunity of ratifying her baptismal vows. The ministry of 
Rev. Mr. Hawlejr was evidently blessed in this parish ; but having been called 
to a larger field, he took charge of St. John's Church, Washinjfton, which 
soon became a centre of much influence. In the course of Mr. Hawley's min- 
istry there he numbered among his parishioners many Presidents of the Uni- 
ted States, and other persons of the highest social and political position, be- 
fore whom he went in and out for more than a quarter of a century, ** an Is- 
raelite indeed in whom is no guile." He was among the originators and most 
earnest supporters of our Education Society, and of the measures which led to 
the establishment of our Theological Seminary. Of the tributes to his memo- 
ry by Dr. Tyng and others, one of the most loving was by the Rev. Dr. Lawrie, 
of the Presbyterian Church between whom and Mr. Hawley there prevailed 
an intimacy like that between Bishop Johns and Dr. Hodge, of Princeton, and 
between the Episcopal Buchannon and the Presbyterian Blair, of Richmond. 
When the prayers for the sick were read at the bedside of Mr. Buchannon, he 
said, with childlike simplicity, **Pray for Blair, too " There is an anecdote of 
Mr. Hawley among the traditions current in Culpeper which, whether true or 
not, is too good to be lost. The story is that Mr. Hawley wore ruffles on his 
shirt-bosom, as was common among gentlemen of that day, and that some la- 
dies, asked him to have them removed, as they were thought not becoming a 
clergyman. To this he gracefully assented. But he wore whiskers also, and 


was told that these were an offence to the weak brethren. To this he is said 
to have replied, with a gleam of mischievous good-humor playing on his face, 
"Oh no! ladies. I must keep my whiskers to save my ears." 

In 1817 St. Mark's Parish was represented by the Rev. Mr. Woodville and 
Wm< Broadus, and St. Stephen's Church by Samuel Slaughter and Isaac 
Winston. In 1818, the same lay delegates, St. Stephen's is reported without a 
minister, notwithstanding most strenuous eflforts to get one. In 1819 St. 
Mark's was represented by Col. John Thom, who reported twenty-five bap- 
tisms, four marriages, nine funerals, and forty-five communicants, five of 
whom were additions since the last convention. In 1820 the Rev. Herbert 
Marshall came to Culpeper and took charge of the school at Capt. Philip 
Slaughter's, of which John Robertson, fche father of Judge Robertson of Char- 
lottesville, and the Rev. Samuel Hoge, father of Dr. Moses Hoge of Richmond, 
had been masters. Mr. Marshall was ordained Priest by Bishop Moore at Wal- 
ker's Church in Albemarle, and officiated very acceptably for several years as 
pastor of St. Stephen's Church. His name only occurs in 1822 in the Journals 
of the convention, with Wm. M. Thompson, father of present Secretary of the 
Navy, as lay delegate. His wife was the sister of the present venerable presid- 
ing Bishop. His brief and promising ministry was cut short by ill-health and 
a premature death. He, like Mr. Hawley, officiated at Orange C. H. 

Mr. Woodville continued his modest ministry as rector of St. Mark's, offici- 
ating chiefly at the Lower Church and at the Little Fork, and occasionally at 
Stevensburg and the Courthouse; but St. Stephen's Church seems to have 
been in a state of suspended animation, until it was revived by the coming of 
the Rev. G. A. Smith in 1826. Mr. Smith having been in charge of Christ 
Church, Norfolk, and finding it a too heavy burden for his delicate health, 
came to rusticate and to renew his strength in this Piedmont parish. His 
name appears in the convention journal as representing, with Samuel Slaught- 
er, St. Stephen's Church, and with Peter Hansbrough as delegate from St. 
Mark's Parish in 1827. Prom that time till 1880 Mr. Smith officiating alternate- 
ly at St. Stephen's Church and at Orange C. H., with occasional ministrations 
at Stevensburg and elsewhere. He established a Bible class, and societies in 
aid of mission and other Church charities. He gave an onward impetus to the 
church, reporting an accession of nine members by confirmations in 1828; and 
Bishop Meade reports eleven confirmations, in 1830, when Mr. Smith, from 
physical infirmities, resigned his charge, an event deeply deplored in the re- 
port of the lay delegate, Dr. Winston, to the next convention. 

Mr. Smith is one of those mysterious instances, so trying to our faith, of a 
man thoroughly furnished for the work of the ministry, and with an eye so 
single to the glory of God, and yet, for the want of organs through which to 
reveal the light that is in him, has passed much of his life in the shade, com- 
paratively unknown and unsung.while men of far feebler powers and scantier 
furniture, but with stronger physique and more self-assertion, have worn the 
mitre and yielded the sceptre of infiuence. But he has not lived in vain. As 
editor of the Episcopal Recorder and of the Southern Churchman, and master 
of the school at Clarens, he has make his mark and will leave his^impression 
upon many minds. He still lives, the patiiarch of our alumni, and the fitting 
president of their society. May Providence prolong his years; that though 
his voice be hushed, the graces of his daily life, like angels trumpet-tongned, 
may plead the cause he loved so'.well. In this brief tribute I have departed 
from a rule laid down by Bishop Meade, and which I have prescribe d to my- 
self, not to^sound the praises of living men, leaving that to those who may 
come after them and see their end. But as the case is unique, this single ex- 


ception must prove the rule; which by the way, Bishop Meade did not always 
follow himself. 

In 1831-32, Isaac Winston and P. Slaughter, Jr., represented St. Stephen's 
Church. Mr. Woodvilie, though ot present, reported St. Mark's Parish as 
gradually improving, the congregations as visibly increasing, and there being 
in many persons a greater anxiety to encourage "pure and undefiled religion.'' 
In June, 1832, the Rev. A. H. Lamon took charge of St. Stephen's Church in 
connection with Madison C. H.; and in 1833 he reported an accession of eight 
communicants to St. Stejjhen's, and twenty four at Madison, to the six whom 
he found there. In reference to the revival at Madison, Bishop Meade said: — 
*'We had services four times a day for three days. It was a joyful season for 
the church at Madison. Fifteen months before, I scarcely knew a place which 
promised less to to the labors of a minister of our church. At this visit I con- 
firmed twenty- three warm-hearted disciples of Christ, and saw a new brick ed- 
ifice rising for their place of worship. Uod had signally blessed the preach- 
ing of his word by ministers of different denominations. He had sent to our 
communion an hunble and faithful man, who, going from house to house, in 
season and out of season, was the instrument of gathering an interesting lit- 
tle band, with whom I spent some of the happiest days of liiy ministry. I al- 
so admitted their minister Mr. Lamon to Priest's orders." 

In 1834 Mr. Lamon reports the addition of eight persons to the communion 
of St. Stephen's, the establishment of the scholarship in the seminary, and 
measures for the purchase of a parsonage, and the permanent establishment 
of a minister among them. Bishop Meade, in his report of 1834, said: — '*Onthe 
4th September, 1834, I preached to a large congregation, and confirmed eight 
persons at the Little Fork in Culpeper. The congregation^ was then, and had 
been for a long time, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Woodvilie. At this place he 
most conscientiously and patiently met with his people for many years; here 
had I often met him in my travels during the last twenty-two years, and here 
it was that I saw him on the occasion just mentioned for the last time. Prov- 
idence has removed him from a scene of sincere obedience on earth to one of 
glorious enjoyment in heaven. He has left an affectionate family to mourn 
the loss of a kind husband and tender father, and many friends to cherish, 
with sincere respect, the memory of a conscientious Christian." Such was the 
tribute of the evangelical Wm. Meade to the childlike John Woodvilie, and it 
does as much honor to the author as it does to the subject of his praise. It is 
too common in these days of cant to disparage these old-time Christians, be- 
cause their religion was not in oar style. Such censures are as irrational as 
it would be to find fault with an antique statut because it is not arrayed in 
modern fashionable costume, or to disparage St. James because he did not 
give the same prominence to the doctrine of justilication by faith as did St. 
Paul, but presented chiefly the moral phase of the gospel — there being in 
truth, no more incongruity between the doctrines and the morals of Christi- 
anity than there is between the root of a tree and its fruit. 

Mr. Woodvilie left a son. the Rev. J. Walker VVoodvJUe, who for some 
years followed in the footsteps of his father. He was a good and guileless 
man. His other son, James, was a lawyer in Botetourt, and Woodvilie Par- 
ish perpetuates the name. Of his wile and daughters, Fanny and Sarah, 
Bishop Meade said, '' I do not expect to meet i)urer spirits on .this side of 
heaven." The sainted women, I learn from their relative, Senator Stevenson, 
of Kentucky, both died in Columbus, IVlississippi. Dr. J. \V. Payne, a promi- 
nent citizen ot Teiniessee, a grandson of Rev. John Woodvilie, and a great- 
grandson of the Rev. Mr. Stevenson, is i)ror>ably the owner of the fainily rei- 


ios and traditionary mementoes of his ancestors of St. Mark^s. Mr. Woodville 
was buried at Fredericksburg, with .the service of the church and of his broth- 
er M.xbons, on the 10th of May, 1884. He desired, says Dr. Hugh Hamilton, to 
be laid near the body of Mr. Littlepage. 

Dr. Payne has also furnished me with some very pleasant reminiscences 
of his grandfather Woodville, and enables me to supply what was wanting in 
the foregoing sketch of Mr. Woodville. Dr. Payne was bom at St. Mark's^ 
glebe, and educated and fitted for college by his grandfather. In his boy- 
hood he used to attend him in his visitations, ^* carrying the communion ser- 
vice in his saddle- bags,'' after the death of Mr. Woodville's body-servant, 
''Uncle Jim." He speaks plaintively of the old churches in the Little Fork & Big 
Fork(Lower Church.)Of the latter he says it was a plain structure of wood. The 
gallery (called Lady Spotswood's gallery) was in ruins. The only thing of 
taste about the church was a marble baptismal font, the gift, he thinks, of 
Mrs. Spotswood, and the monument of Mr. Dowman. He had seen the com- 
munion administered by Mr. Woodville to old Robert Slaughter and old "Un 
cle Jim," and perhaps sometimes to one other servant belonging to some 
Episcopal family. On such occasions he sometimes omitted the sermon, but 
never a word of the service. Of the old brick church in the Little Fork, he 
says the long, square, high-backed pews, the sounding-board, the pulpit, 
reading desk and clerk's stand, its transverse aisles, its chancel in the east, 
the Lord's Prayer and Ten Commandments elegantly painted upon the com- 
munion table, carried yon back to a past generation. The congregations here 
were generally large; and there were many Episcopal families in the neighbor- 
hood — Gen, M. Green, the Porters, Picketts, Farishes, Wiggintons, Freemans, 
Spilmans, Withers, Paynes, &c. But you had to see it filled, when the 
Bishops came, to conceive what it was in days of old. '* I hope," he adds, "it 
was spared during the war, for I saw at that time in the newspapers that a 
sermon was found beneath the pulpit, preached near fifty years ago by Mr. 
Woodville, * whose classic elegance,' &c., surprised its captors." 

From the same authority we learn that Mr. Woodville was bom at White 
Haven, Cumberland County, England, in 1763, came to America in 1787, lived 
as tutor in the family of Rev. J. Stevenson, who sent him with commendatory 
credentials, and a letter from the Rev. Mr. Scott, Principal of St. Beno School, 
and testimonials countersigned by the Bishop of Chester, to the Bishop White 
who ordained him Deacon on the 13th, and Priest on the 25th of May, 1788, in 
Christ Church, Philadelphia. He took charge of the Academy in Fredericks- 
burg in 1791, and of the church in 1792, became Rector of St. Mark's in 1794, 
and spent the remainder of his life at the glebe. He was a great sufferer in 
his last years from dropsy of the chest, but never murmured. He spoke of 
his death with perfect composure, saying that his only reliance for salvation 
was upon the merits and righteousness of Christ; often saying in his last ill- 
ness, I DIE HA.PPY. His last words were " God bless you all." (See obituary 
in Episcopal Recorder, January 25, 1834.) 

On the fiy-leaf of his wife's devotional manual are the following lines: 

His mind was of no common order, and under the immediate and habit- 
ual influence of the strongest religious principles; such was my dear and ever 
lamented husband. SARAH WOODVILLE. 

GiiEBK, March 8th, 1834. 

The following is the inscription on his tombstone: — " Underneath, the 
body of John Woodville, a true believer in the Holy Scriptures, an earnest 
minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church, a diligent and faithful teacher 


of youth, a meek, contented sojourner on earth, a pious probationer and hum- 
ble candidate for heaven. In Anglia natus die Martii undecimo MDCCLXIII; 
obiit Virginia undecimo die Januarii MDCCOXXXIV." 

His wife, Mrs. S. S. Woodville, died at Buchanan, Va., April 6th, 184S, 
calm in mind and pure in heart, meekly resigned to the will of heaven, at 
peace with God, and in charity with the world. 

Thus lived and died the last Rector of St. Mark's Parish. Other churches 
with other pastors, had sprung up and flourished within his cure. He bade 
them all " God speed'* but we note that in his private diary he called them 
all cliapels. 

Among the many early pupils of Mr. Woodville were the Hon. Andrew 
Stevenson and the Rev. George Hatley Norton, Sr. Of the latter, Mrs. Wood- 
ville was often heard to say, '* He was the best boy ever in the school." He 
was a Virginian, but lived most of his life, and died in Geneva, New York. 
He was the father of Dr. Norton, the great church- worker of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and of Dr. George H. Norton, the able and efficient Rector of St. Paul's 
Church Alexandria. 


Mr. Cole was born in Wilmington, Delaware. He conceived the idea of 
studying for the ministry in 1833, and after concluding his course in the Theo- 
logical Seminary of Virginia, was ordained by Bishop Moore, in Petersburg, 
on the 18th of May, 1S38. He preached his flrst sermon at the Lower Church, 
in Surry county, Virginia, on the 38rd of May of the same year. He spent 
the first two years of his ministry in missionary work in Surry and Prince 
George, endeavoring to revive the tires upon the altars of the old churches, 
which had nearly gone out. From a diary of his ministry I infer that he was 
diligent in preaching the Gospel in the pulpit and from house to house, in efs- 
tabiishing Sunday schools, and such like good works. He preached his last 
sermon in this county, January 16, 1880, at Cabin Point. Soon afterwards he 
took charge of Abingdon and Ware Parishes, in the county of Gloucester, 
where he ministered usefully until 1836, when, with a view of seeking a more 
bracing climate he resigned his charge. 

The author of this history, being then rector of Christ Church, George- 
town, D. C. was visited by Mr, Cole, and advised him of the vacancy of St. 
Stephen's Church, Culpeper. I being about to go to Culpeper to solemnize 
several marriages, introduced Mr. Cole to the people of St. Stephen's, by 
whom he was invited to fill the vacancy. He accepted the invitation, and 
took charge of St. Stephen's in conjunction with two churches in Madison 
county. In 1838 he made his first report on his new field of labor, reporting at 
St. Stephen's thirty female and five male communicants, af Madison Court- 
house twelve communicants, and at Trinity twelve. Of the last he says 
quaintly :— " This church is significantly called a free church, which, in coun- 
try parlance, means free to everybody and everything, for winter and summer, 
snow and storm, heat and cold." His services, he adds, in these parishes, in- 
cluding Standardsville, are twelve sermons a mouth, besides a Bible class, a 
lecture, and prayer meeetings weekly. Rev. J. Walker Woodville, in the same 
year, reported seventeen communicants of St. Mark's Parish. 

In 1840 Mr. Cole resigned the churches in MaHison to Rev. Mr.. Brown, and 
took charge of the new congregation of St. James, Culpeper. In 1841 the St. 
James congregation applied for admission into the Convention. The Conven- 
tion reported against the application, as not being in conformity witli the re- 
quisitions of the canon. The report was recommitted to an enlarged com- 


mittee, and Dr. Winston and Dr. Hamilton came before them and testified 
that " St. Mark's for several years had not been in an organized state, but 
had gone into decay, and that the canon coald not be complied with." Upon 
this testimony St. James was admitted as a separate congregation. Mr. Cole 
reported thirty commanicant43 at St. Stephen's and eleven at St. James, with 
a neat and comfortable church ready for consecration. In 1S42 St. James was 
reported as having been consecrated by Bishop Meade, who had also confirm- 
ed twelve persons. The commanion at St. Stephen's, after rising to fifty-three 
in 1845, fell to thirty-one in 1847; while at St. James it arose from fifteen in 
1843 to twenty-seven in 1848. In 1849 Rev. Walker Woodville reports St. 
Mark's with regular services at Little Fork, Flat Run, and the Germanna 
woolen factory, which probably were the only Episcopal services at German- 
na for one hundred years. In 1850 Mr. Cole reports the completion of the 
** Lime Church " (St. Paul's), at a cost of only about $1000. 

In 1859 Mr. Cole resigned St. James Church, that it might be united with 
a new church in Fauquier. In 1850 the communicants at St. Stephen*8 had 
risen to fifty-three, and those at St. Paul's to twenty-seven. In 1869 R. H. 
Cunningham, lay delegate, represented St. James, and reported a parsonage 
as being in progress there. In July of the same year Mr Mortimer a student 
at the seminary, began lay reading at St. James. S. S. Bradford represented 
St. Stephen's and P. P. Nalle St. Paul's, which latter applied for admission 
into the Convention as a separate congregation for the third time, as they al- 
lege. Mr. D. Conrad, for the committee questioned the constitutionality of 
establishing separate congregations in one parish, with the power to elect lay 
delegates, as destroying the equilibrium between the clergy and laity in Con- 
rention; but having been assured by Mr. C. and the petitioners that the con- 
gregation be admitted as a parish, and intended so to make application, the 
committee recommend that the said separate and petitioning congregation be 
admitted as a parish, to be called St. Paul's Parish, in the county of Culpep- 
er, according to the boundaries set forth in said petition. This report does 
not seem to have been voted upon, and is not found in the record ; yet in 1861 
Mr. Cole reports St. Paul's Church in St. Paul's Parish. In 1862-3 there 
were no Conventions. In 1864 none of the Oulpeper churches were represent- 
ed. In 1865 Mr. Cole reports St. Stephen's and St. Paul's churches in St. 
M ARK'S Parish. ! fin 1866 St. Paul's is reported as having been destroyed ; but 
in 1868, the last year of Mr. Cole's life, he again reports St. Paul's Church in 
St. Paul's Parish, as having been rebuilt by the generosity of a Virginian 
by birth (Mr. John T. Fari8h),but residing in New York. The new St.Paul's was 
consecrated by Bishop Whittle Nov. 8th, 1833. It is impossible now to unrav- 
el this tangled skein of facts. In 1869 there is no report, and in 1870 St. Paul's 
Church reappears in St. Mark's Parish, and we hear no more of St. Paul's 

But we have anticipated the chronological order of our narrative, and 
must return to 1881, when Mr. Mortimer reports St. James Church, St. Mark's 
Parish, with twenty-eight communicants and the contribution of $3000 for a 
parsonage. Mr. Cole reports in the same year the enlargement of St. Stephen's 
church edifice, with a steeple of fine proportions, as-i a' fine-toned bell, at a 
i^ost of $2500, nearly the whole of which was raised within the congregation. 

And now the '' war-clouds rolling dun " over-shadowed the land. The 
peaceful parish became an intrenched camp, and a highway for the marching 
and counter-marching of grand armies. The churches, so lately resonant 
with anthems of praise, are torn down or converted into barracks and hospi- 
t^ilR and stables, and the roar of artillery and the blast of the bugle supercede 


the son^s of the sanctuary. Mr. Cole in his report of 1865-66, tells the tale 
with bleedinof heart and bated breath. He says: " Since my last report of 1861 
cruel war has raj?ed. Pen cannot write or words utter the trials of mind and 
heart, and the privations endured. All the Episcopal churches in this county, 
and every other place of worship within the lines of the Federal army (except 
the Baptist and Episcopal churches at the Court-house), were utterly destroy- 
ed by it during? the winter of 1888-64. The whole country is a wiHe spread 
desolation. The people, peeled and poor, are struggling for a living. During 
the occupation by the Federal army we were not permitted to use our church. 
We worshipped God, like the primitive Christians, in private houses, and nev- 
er did the services of the Church seem sweeter or more comforting. I visited 
the sick and wounded, and buried the dead of both armies alike— the number 
of funerals being 490. It is a record for the great day, and not for the Conven- 
tion. There were twenty churches of denominations destroyed within a com- 
paratively small area. Among these in this parish were St. Paul's and St. 
James, and Calvary Church, under the care of Rev. P. Slaughter, at the foot 
of Slaughter's (Cedar) Mountain. The last named church was built by Mr. 
Slaughter on his own place when by ill-health he was constrained to retire to 
the country. This church was consecrated by Bishop Johns in June, 1860, 
and Mr. S. officiated for the benefit of his neighbors and servants, without fee 
or reward, other than that arising from the consciousness of trying to do some 
good, under the burden of many infirmities. That only relic of th is church is 
a beautiful stained window, which was spared at the intercession of a young 
lady, who kept it under her bed till the war was over. The window now lights a 
chancel in Mr. Slaughter's dwelling, which also contains a desk, the only relic 
of ^another of his old churches which was burned. The chancel, with its relics 
has in it the seeds of an unwritten poem, whose melody is only heard in the 

Mr. Slaughter in his report to the Convention in 1865, says — '* Since the 
destruction of my church and the desecration of my home by Federal soldiers, 
I have spent my time in the army and in the hospitals, and in editing the 
* Army and Navy Messenger,' a religious journal for our soldiers and sailors." 
The despoiled church at Culpejier has been restored by the aid of friends ; St. 
Paul's has b33n rebuilt by the kindness of Mr. Farish ; St. James has risen 
from the ashes at the bidding of Miss Wheatley and others ; but a few stones 
and a little grov^e of evergreens of second growth are all that mark the spot 
where once stood a consecrated fane at the foot of Shiughter's Mountain. The 
wailing winds play requiems upon the evergreen harps of pine, and the birds 
singing sweetly among the branches, with responsive echoes, are now the on- 
ly choir which chants anthems, where once young men and maidens, old men, 
and children, x>i'aised the name of the Lord. It is {jrojjer to say that Mr. 
Slaughter has declined contributions for rebuilding this church, in favor of 
other churches where the field promised a better harvest. 

Whether this church shall rise again God only knows. His will be done ! 
If a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, much less can a 
church perish by violence. If it rise not, then let the wailing winds still play 
its requiem, and the plaintive dove chant its funeral dirge. 

After officiating on Christmas day, 1868, Mr. Cole was stricken by paraly- 
sis, and in a few days finished his career of forty years' service in the ministry, 
thirty-two of which were spent in St. Mark's Parish. Dr. Dalrymple, in his 
address at the Semi-Centenary of the Seminary, calls special attention to our 
obligations to Mr. Cole for his succissful labors in adding to our emolument 
fund, and for his agency in procuring the charter for our Theological Semi- 


nary. He also records the following interesting incident, which we had heard 

from Mr. Cole's own lips: — At a convention many years ago, when the clergy 

and laity were assembled around the chancel at the close of the services on 

Sunday night, Bishop Moore called on Mr. Cole to raise a hymn. He obeyed 

by commencing: 

The voice of free grace 

Cries, escape to the mountain. 

It was caught up by Bishop, priest and people, singing jubilant at that sol- 
emn hour of night. Such was the origin of this time-honored custom of the 
Convention of Virginia. 

Rev Mr. Cole married first, April 10th, 1855, Fanny E., daughter of 
John Thompson, of Culpeper, — children Fanny Meade, John Thompson, 
Thomas Willoughby and Carter Stanard : and married, second, Mrs. Conway, 
daughter of Wm. Foiishee. His second wife soon followed her husband to 
the tomb, dying without issue. 

After what has been already said, Mr. Cole may be characterized in a few 
words. In all the relations of life he was a true man transparent as Dryden's 
ideal man, whose thoughts were as visible as the figured houra through the 
crystal of a clock. He was not what is called a popular preacher (a question- 
able compliment, since it too often implies the arts of the demagogue), and he 
had a true English hatred of all shams. He was a faithful and brave soldier 
of the Cross, not ashamed of the faith of Christ Crucified, but manfully fought 
under his banner unto his life's end. A fitting inscription upon his tomb 
would be these words: " He feared God — he had no other fear." 


Having now taken leave of the dead past, we stand in the presence of the 
living. We must be wary of our words, not only because (as Dr. Hawks said 
of Bishop Moore in his lifetime) we would not "shock the delicacy of living 
worth;" but because it will be the office of those who come after them and see 
after them and see their end, to mark their place in history. The only excep- 
tion to this rule we have already noted, we have no more active field-work to 

The Rev. George W. Peterkin, who had been assisting his father at Rich- 
mond, took charge of St. Stephen's Church in June, 1869. In 1870 he reported 
an addition of 20 to the communion of 1868, which he found there at his com- 
ing. Sunday School more than doubled; sermons and addresses during the 
year 140, and 40 public catechisings. The Rev. Chas. Yancey Steptoe, who had 
been recently ordained, and had recently taken charge of Christ and St. Paul's 
churches, reported an accession of 18 to the communion, with 110 Sunday 
School teachers and scholars. Bishop Johns, in 1869, had consecrated Christ's 
Church, * 'which (he said) from its position supplied the place of two churches 
destroyed during the war. For this beautiful building we are indebted to the 
Christian sympathy of Miss E. A. Wheatley, formerly of Culpeper,now of Brook- 
lyn, New York. She provided the funds and furnished the plan. It stands in 
full view of the railroad, a pleasing memorial of the pious devotion of a lady 
who loved her people and built them a christian synagogue.'' 

In 1871 Mr. Peterkin reported a handsome brick building at a cost of $1,- 
669.40, raised on the credit of the vestry, and the organization of a church 
school for girls, under the charge of Mr. K. S. Nelson. Mr. Steptoe reports an 
addition of 21 to the communion of Christ and St. Paul's churches, and a con- 
tribution of $1215.28. In 1872 Mr. Peterkin reports an addition of 44 to the 
communion of St. Stephen's, a Sunday School of 200, and 3 teachers and 27 


scholars in church school. '^During the past year (he says) the school has sus- 
tained itself, and become a recognized power in the parish. An important 
part of my work (he adds) during two years past, has been the restoration of 
an old colonial church, about twelve miles from Culpeper, in the Little Fork. 
$250 have been spent in necessary repairs, of which $100 was from the Bruce 
Fund. Congregations large, and 8 communicants at the old church." Mr. 
Steptoe reports the building of a rectory near Brandy Station for the use of 
Christ and St. Paul's Churches, at a cost of $2150, of which Christ's Church 
contributes $1005; St. Paul's, $450; Piedmont Convocation, $180; Miss Wheatley, 
$415, and Mr. Suter, of New York, $100. A steeple, bell, and other improve- 
have been added to Christ Church by our kind friend Miss Wheatley. In 1873 
Mr. Peterkin reports 187 communicants, a Sunday school of 280, of whom 35 
are colored children, 3 teachers and 39 scholars in the church school, which, 
he says, is so established and governed as to enabled the church to extend the 
blessing of Christian education among her people. Mr. Steptoe reports a 
church at Rapidan Station as nearly finished by our own efforts and the aid of 
friendlv communicants at Christ and St. Paul's churches. 

1874. Rev. James G. Minnegerode having succeeded Mr. Peterkin (who 
had taken charge of Memorial Church, Baltimore^,) reports 145 communicants 
and a Sunday school of 282. Mr. Steptoe, for Christ, St. Paul's, and Em^ian- 
uel churches, reports 06 communicants and Sunday schools of 86, contribu- 
tions $1545.11, the consecration of Emmanuel Church by Bishop Johns on the 
10th of December, 1873. *' I officiated (he says) at Emmanuel's two Sundays 
in the month, in the afternoon, until we were so fortunate as to secure the 
services of the Rev. Dr. Slaughter, as long as his health shall hold out. By 
the aid of Mr. J. Wilmer, Jr., as Lay Reader, he has been able to officiate on 
Sunday mornings." Dr. Slaughter himself says he has been much aided by 
the sympathy and co-operation of Mr. Steptoe and of the Bishop of Louisia- 
na, who spends some of the summer months here, and is always ready to help 
us with good words and works. 

1876. Present Status of The Churches in St. Mark's Parish. 

St. Stephen's Church, Rev. J. G. Minnegerode, Rector:— Communicants 
170, Sunday school teachers and scholai*s 200, of whom 50 are colored. 

Christ and St. Paul's Churches, Rev. C. Y. Steptoe, Rector:— Communi- 
cants; after sutostracting those transferred, 80. 

The present writer officiates at Emmanuel Church. Of his work there it 
does not become him to speak, except to say, that he deems it a privilege at 
this eleventh hour of his ministry to be permittei to do even a day's work in 
the vineyard. Communicants 36, the number having just trebled since the 
institution of regular services. 

At the last Convention St. Mark's was again divided, and Ridley Parish 
taken out of its eastern side, by a line beginning at Jameson's Mill, on Mud- 
dy Run, with that Run to Hazel (Eastham's) River, thence with that river to 
the Rappahannock river, with Rappahannock to the mouth of the Rapidan, 
up the Rapidan to the mouth of the Robinson, up the Robinson to Crooked 
Run, up that run to Wayland's Mill, thence to the top of Mount Poney, thence 
to the beginning. The new parish includes Christ's, St. Paul's, and Em- 
manuel churches, and leaves to the now mutilated St. Mark's only St. Ste- 
phen's Church at Culpeper, and the old Centennial Brick Church in the Little 
Fork, the only representative in this parish of the Church of England in tlie 
'' Colony and Dominion " of Virginia. 
L.^ We have said in the text that we had not been able to fix the precise date 

■V - 


of the building of St, Stephen's Church, Culpepar C. H. General Edward 
Stevens (the Revolutionary hero), who lived in the house now occupied by 
Mrs. Lightfoot in his will, recorded in August, 1820, **confirms his promise to 
give one acre of land in Fairfax'' for an Episcopal church, one acre adjoining 
the village for a Presbyterian church, and one acre to Free Masons' Lodge 
of Fairfax adjoinging his family burying-ground for a cemetery. St. Stephen's 
was built between 1820 and 1823. 


This parish was cut off from St. Mark's in 1740, carrying James Barbour 
and Benjamin Cave, vestrymen, along with it. Before the separation St. 
Mark's had built a church, since known as the old Orange church, 
near Ruckersville, and a chapel where Robert Brooken now 
lives. There was also a chapel ordered at Bradley's or Batley's 
quarter, whose site was to have been fixed by Benjamin Cave. After the sep- 
aration, St. Thomas' vestry built the Pine Stake Church, near Raccoon Ford, 
on land originally patented by Francis Taliaferro; and a middle church below 
Orange C. H.. on land now owned by Erasmus Taylor. All trace of the Pine 
Stake Church is gone. The writer remembers in his boyhood to have been at 
a barbecue at the church spring. The middle church was of brick, and was 
well preserved as late as 1806. Some years later it shared the fate of many 
other old churches, which were assumed to be common property, and were 
torn down and carried off piece by piece. The gilt altar-piece, with other or- 
naments of the chancel, were attached to household furniture. The old com- 
munion service, engraved with the name of the parish, given by the grand- 
mother of President Madison and other good women, has been recovered and 
is now in use. 

Unhappily the old records of St. Thomas Parish have been lost, so that it 
is no longer possible to reproduce the chief early actors in it. The Rev. Mun- 
go Marshall was minister in 1753. There was once a tombstone over his 
grave, but that too was appropriated, and was used in a tannery to dress hides 
upon. In 1760 he was succeeded by the Rev. Wm. Giberne. In 1761 the Rev. 
James Marye followed, and his first official act was the funeral sermon of the 
paternal grandmother of President Madison. In the family record it is said, 
**hei funeral sermon was preached by Rev. J. Marye, jr., from Rev. 14 ch. 13 
verse." In 1767-8 the Rev. Thomas Martin succeeded. He wasatutor of Pres- 
ident Madison,and lived for a time in the family at Montpelier. He was a broth- 
er of Gov. Martin of North Carolina. A letter from Mr. Madison to him express- 
ing a great respect and affection for his preceptor, may be seen in *'Reves' Life 
and Times of Madison." Rev. John Burnett succeeded Martin about 1770,and was 
followed by Rev. John Wingate, the last of the colonial clergy, who being 
suspected of want of loyalty to Virginia, soon took his leave. The disloyal 
odor this man left behind him may have been the reason why the vestry, who 
were very patriotic (James Madison, the vestryman, was chairman of the Or- 
ange committee,) did not have another minister for twenty-three years, con- 
tenting themselves with occasional services by the Rev. Matthew Maury of Al- 
bemarle. The old churchwarden, Major Moore' buried the dead with the 
church service, and the Rev. Mr. Belmaine, while paying his court to Miss Lu- 
cy Taylor, and on his visits after his marriage, officiated. The^Rev. Henry 
Fry (Methodist) was sometimes called upon to preach, always preceding his 
sermons with the old church service (says Col. Frank Taylor in his diary.) In 
1 780 the vestry engaged the blind Presbyterian minister Mr. Waddell (whose 
eloquence has been so glorified and transfigured by the genius of Mr. Wirt) to 


officiate for them once a month in the Brick (Middle) Church, and gave him 60 
pounds. Mr. O'Neil was the minister from 1790 to about 1800. In 1809-11 the 
Rev. Hugh C. Boggs officiated at Orange C. H. and the Pine Stake Church, 
which was standing as late as 1813. 

This brings us to the time when the minister from Culpeper began services 
in Orange, of which an account will be found in the body of this work. The 
church at Orange C. H. is modern, having been built in 1833-34. The history 
of the services of the Me^rs. Jones, Earnest, Davis, Carson, and Hansbrough, 
are within the knowledge of those now living, and need not be reproduced 
here; it not being within the scope of this book to give more than a brief 
sketch of Bromfield and St. Thomas, as having been originally within the 
bounds of St. Mark's Parish. 

Col. Frank T%ylor's diary enables one to form a life-like conception on the 
animated social circle of which Orange C. H. was the centre from 1786 to 1799. 
The circle embraced Montpelier, Coleman's Springs, Clark's Mountain, and 
parts of Culpeper and Madison counties. The persons who figured in it were 
Col. Frank Taylor, James Taylor (Clerk of the County,) Dr. Ch. Taylor, the 
family physician, and Erasmus, Robert, John, and other Taylors, whose name 
is legion. Col. Thomas Barbour and his brother James, James Barbour, Jr., 
Dr. Thomfts Barbour, Richard Barbour — Ambrose, Gabriel, Philip, son of 
Thomas; Philip, son of Ambrose; and another Philip Barbour. Major Moore, 
Robert, John, and William Moore, and many more. Col. James Madison, Sr., 
Col. Jas., Jr., (President), Ambrose, William, Catlett, and other Madisons. 
Crump, Charles, Ben and Abner Porter. William and R. B. Morton, Andrew 
Shepherd, Sr. & Jr. John and Alexander Shepherd. A whole chime of Bells — 
John, William, Thomas, and Charles. Col. Lawrence, Hay, Frank, and William 
Taliaferro. Capt. Catlett, Frank, John Catlett, Jr., and Henry Conway. Col. 
James Pendleton, Nat., Henry, John, Bowie, Philip, and countless 
other Pendletons, chiefly from Culpeper. Capt. William and Francis 
Dade. Andrew and John Glassell, Reuben Smith, James and John 
Walker, Zachary, Robert, and John Burnley, and Isaac and John Wil- 
liams, and Samuel Slaughter. Divers Alcockes, Lees, and Gibsons, 
&c., &c. Among the young Ladies were Lucy, Sally, and Fanny Barbour; 
Nancy, Sally, Betsy, Patsy, Lucy, and Polly Taylor; Franky Alexander, Milly 
and Polly Glassell, Hanna Watkins, Lucy Gaines; Mary, Betsy, Sally, and 
Suky Conway; Fanny, Elizabeth, Joanna, and two Katies Pendleton; Sally, 
Betsy, and Judy Burnley; Sally, Nelly, Elizabeth, and Frances Madison; Fan- 
ny and Polly Moore, the Misses Gilbert, Sally Throgmorton, the Misses Chew, 
&c., &c. And then there was an almost continuous influx of visitors, chiefly 
from Spotsylvania, Caroline, and Culpeper, and a stream of travellers to and 
from Kentucky by way of Culpeper, Winchester, and Red Stone in Mononga- 

These people seem to have had a gay time — dining parties of twenty-five 
to thirty from house to house; quilting parties, winding up with a dance ; balls 
at Sanford's, BelPs, and Alcocke's hotels in the winter, varied with hare, fox, 
and wolf-hunting, especially when Major Willis and Hay Taliaferro came up 
with twenty hounds. In the summer they had fish-fries and barbecues at 
Dade's Mill, Waugh's Ford, Wood's Spring, Leathers' Spring, and Herndon's 
Spring. Col. Taylor seems never to have missed an election ; he always re- 
cords the names of the candidates for office and the number of votes for each. 
He brings before us Mr. Madison as candidate for Congress, Assembly and 
Convention, addressing the people in defence of the Constitution, to which 
the ignorant were opposed. He is said to have spoken from the steps of the 


old Lutheran Church, now in Madison, with the people standing in the snow, 
and the cold so intense that the orator's ears were frost-bitten. He records 
the votes for General Stevens of Culpeper as Presidential Elector, for French 
Strother for Senator, and for Tom Barbour and C. Porter for Assemby. He 
tells us about yestry meetings which elected Tom Barbour and William Moore 
deputies to the Convention ; of Col. Oliver Towles, Wm. Wirt, Robert Tay- 
lor, &c., pleading at the bar. We see the ladies shopping at Lee's, and Shep- 
herd's, and Taylor's, and Wilson's stores, and the men playing at the five bat- 
teries. Weddings too seem to have been more common than now. Under the 
date of January 1786 he says: Wm. Madison and the ladies have just returned 
from the marriage of Mordecai Barbour and Miss Strode. 27th March, 1787, 
large company at J. Taylor's, at the marriage of Tom Barbour and Mary Tay- 
lor, by Rev. Mr. Stevenson. July 1st, at the marriage of Jc^^n Bell and Judy 
Burnley, and then he varies the scene by saying: "Went to church 2d Dec, and 
Mr. Waddell told the people that he had heard that it would be agreeable to 
them for him not to attend here again till March, and he would not." 1788, 
24th March, election for Convention:— James Madison 202 votes, James Gordon 
187, C. Porter 34. Madison's .election gave great satisfaction. May 14th, 1788, 
James Madison, Jr , at Goodlet's school examining the boys. The next marri- 
age, Nov. 10th, 1789, Archy Tutt to Caty Pendleton, of Culpeper; Dec. 8th, 
John Stevens married to Polly Williams of Culpeper; 1790, then comes 
the marriage of Thos. Macon and Sally Madison, and on the 5th of Sept., 
R. Williamson and Caty Pendleton, Oct. 10th, John Harrison and Sally Bar- 
bour; Dec. 11th, Henry Bell and Betsy Alcocke. 1791, Ch. Porter died. April 
27th, James Blair and Nelly Shepherd. 29th, July, John Bell, of Culpeper, 
died. B. Wood married Miss Porter. May 3d, Henry Fitzhugh and Betsy Con- 
way. Nov., Wm. Dade and Mrs. Sarah Dade. Nov. 29th, Joshua Fry married 
Kitty Walker. 1794, James Madison married Mrs. Todd. • July 19th, Erasmus 
Taylor died, eighty-three years old. 29th, Col. Thomas Barbour's wife died. 
1795, May 18th, Mrs. Sarah Thomas died, eighty-four years of age. James Bar- 
bour, Jr., married Lucy Johnson. Dec, James Bell married Hannah Gwatkin. 
22d, James Taylor, Jr., married Fanny C. Moore. Thos. Bell (Courthouse) 
married Sally Burnley. John Walker (son of James) married Lucy Wood, of 
Madison. 1796, Feb. 5th, Fortunatus Winslow married Polly Alcocke. D. 
Turner married Miss E. Pendleton, of Caroline. March 2d, James Coleman 
(Springs) and Thos. Bell died. 5th, Henry Pendleton married Elizabeth Pen- 
dleton, of Culpeper. 22d, Col. Richard Barbour married Polly Moore. 23d, 
Thos. Scott, of Madison, died. 26th, Col. T. Moore died. Mrs. Alcocke, form- 
erly Mrs. Dr. Walker, died. Nov. 16th, Adam Darby married Betsy Shepherd* 
Dec. 3d, Reuben Smith married Milly Glassell. 19th, Anthony Buck married 
Mary Shepherd. 1797, March 14th, Baldwin Taliaferro married Ann Spots- 
wood, of New Post. 16th, Hay Taliaferro married Suckey Conway, and my 
son and daughter went to the wedding — the horses ran away and they did not 
get back. Nov. 19th, Ambrose Macon married Miss Thomas. Dec. 7tn, Champ 
Porter married a daughter of John Alcocke. Wm. Mallory married Mary Gib- 
son. 1798, March 12th, Rev. Mr. O'Neil and Phil. Barbour (son of Thomas) 
came here this morning. Mr. O'Neil had been to Tom Barbour's to marry T. 
Newman and Lucy Barbour, 1799, Jan. 8th, large company at James Taylor's, 
at the marriage of Thomas Crutchfield, and Col. James Barbour came home 
with me. G. Terrill had petition to Assembly for bridge at Barnett's Ford. 

The churches in St. Thomas Parish are St. Thomas, Orange Courthouse, 
Rev. John S. Hansbrough, Rector, who reported in 1S76 eighty- six communi- 


Christ Church, GordonsviUe, Rev. F. G. Scott, Rector, communicants (1876) 


Bromfield was cut off from St. Mark's by Act of Assembly in 1752. Tlio 
dividing line has been marked in the body ©f this work. Its western bounda- 
ry starts from John Spotswood's comer on Crooked Run (near Wayland's Mill) 
and runs north by east to the junction of White Oak Run with the Rappahan- 
nock River: thus includinj^r what is now Madison and Rappahannock Counties, 
and a small section of Culpeper. Bromfield, after this date, had its ministers, 
vestries, and records, of which there is now scarcely a trace. In the absence 
of such refdsters, I can only reconstruct the history of this parish with the few 
materials prleaned from different and distinct sources. The very name has 
been recently and unconsciously changed into Bloomfield, in which form it ap- 
pears on the Journals of Convention ever since 1833,except in 1889 when it was 
represented by Jno. F. Conway, who restored the right name. After this one 
effort to recover its historical name, it relapsed into Bloomfield, and has been 
so called ever since. Even Bishop Meade calls it '* Old Bloomfield Parish." 
The word is Saxon, and means Broomfield. Perhaps this is the origin of what 
we call in Virginia a broom-straw or broom sedge field. However applicable 
the term may have been to the lower part of the parish (the Piney Woods), 
Bloomfield is more descriptive of the Piedmont portion, which had not then 
been developed. Let us hope that the lost name may be restored for history's 

We know the names of at least two of the old vestrymen of Bromfield. 
Martin Nalle and Ambrose Powell, who in 1754 negotiated with the vestry of 
St. Mark's about running the dividing line between the old and the new par 
ish. Henry Field and Philip Clayton had been ordered in 1752 to attend the 
survefyor in running these lines. The courses threw " Tennant's Church" 
and the church in the Fork of Devil's Run and to Hazel River into Bromfield 
Parish. Later in the century there was a church at F. T., so called from the 
initials of Frank Thornton being cut on an oak tree near the spring, that be- 
ing a corner in his survey. There was also a church not far from the present 
site of Washington, near where Frank Slaughter now lives. 

The first minister of Bromfield probably was the Rev. Adam Menzies, who 
had been a respectable schoolmaster, for I find in the '*Fulham MSS." that he 
was licensed for Virginia, and his name is set down in 1754-5 as minister of 
Bronifield. There was also a James Herdman (1775), some of whose books are 
now in my possession (Sherlock'fe, Seeker's, and Atterbury's sermons), which 
were bought in Rappahannock as the remnant of an old English parson's li- 
brary. The late Samuel Slaughter, who died about 1857, in his 90th year, said 
that he, in his boyhood, went to school to a Rev. Mr. Harrison, minister of 
Bromfield. Thomas, great-grandson of Burr Harrison, of Chippawamsic (who 
was baptized at Westminster in December, 1637, and was the firgt of the family 
in Virginia), was the father of the Idte Philip Harrison of Richmond, and of 
Mrs. Freeman, mother of Mrs. McCoy, of Culpeper. In 1790 there was a min- 
ister named Iredell who officiated at the South Church, four miles below Mad- 
ison C. H. He was followed by O'Neil, an athletic Irishman, who believed in 
what Hudibras calls ^'Apostolic blows and knocks" more than in the Apostolic 
succession. He was a disciple of Soloman and never **spoiled the child by 
sparing the rod." He suspended them upon a stout negro's back when he ad- 
ministered the flagellations. He taught school near the Pine Stake 
Church, in the family of Colonel Taliaferro, and also in Madison 


The late Judge Barbour and the Hon. Jere and Dr. Geo. Morton were among 
his pupils, and retained a lively recollection of his discipline. The memory of 
that mother in Israel. Mrs. Sarah Lewis, already referred to went back to 
O'Neirstime. The Rev. J. Woodville made occasional excursions to these 
churches, when vacant, and the Lutheran minister, Mr. Carpenter, baptized 
and buried the Episcopalians when without a pastor. 

The leading Episcopal families who adhered to the church of their fathers 
through evil as well as good report, were, the Lewises, Burtons, Vawters, 
Caves, Gibbs, Strothers, Thorntons, Barbours, Conways, Gibsons, Pannills, 
Gaines a»nd Beales. The last name reminds me that Reuben Beale was a Lay 
Delegate to the first Convention in 1789 and 1798. After the revival of the 
church in the Rev. Mr. Lamon's time (1834^5), when there were large accces- 
sions to its communion, the ministers have been the Rev. A. H. Lamon, deceas- 
ed, Wm. T. Leavell, John Cole, deceased, R. T. Brown of Maryland, Joseph 
Earnest deceased. Rev. Dr. Shield, of Louisville, Ky., Wm. H. Pendleton, de- 
ceased, J. G. Minnegerode, of Culpeper, Rev. Mr. Wroth of Baltimore, with 
occasional services by other clergymen. There is a church at Madison C. H., 
which in 1834, had forty communicants, whose names are now before me,a church 
at Woodville, and one at Washington. These churches have been so depleted 
by emigration to the south and west and by infrequent and intermittent ser- 
vices, that they are hardly able to stand alone, and are now (Dec. 1876) like 
sheep scattered on the mountains, without a shepherd. 




Governor Spotswood's expedition over the great mountains, as be called it, 
is one of the most romantic passages in the history of Virginia. Indeed, it has 
been happily chosen as the theme of a romance by Dr. Caruthers, entitled "The 
Knights of the Horseshoe," a traditionary tale of the cocked hat gentry in the 
Old Dominion. The author seems to have used due diligence in gathering the 
fugitive traditions of this adventure which lingered dimly in the minds of his 
generation. The popular idea of this expedition seems to have been derived 
from the ** traditionary tale," as the author fitly calls it. One is reluctant to 
unmask a popular idol by substituting facts for fancies and showing the his- 
torical basis upon which it stands. Until the publication of John Fontaine's 
journal, the facts known about this expedition were but few. Robert Beverly, 
one of the party, in his Pieface to the History of Virginia, 1732, merely said, "I 
was with the present Governor at the head-spring of both of these rivers (York 
and Rappahannock), and their fountains are in the highest ridge of moun- 
tains." The Rev. Hugh Jones, Chaplain to the House of Burgesses, in his 
Present State of Virginia (1724), says:— '^Governor Spotswood when he under- 
took the great discovery of a passage over;; the; mountains, attended with a 
sufficient guard of pioneers and gentlemen, with a supply of provisions, passed 
these mountains and cut his Majesty's name upon a rock upon the highest of 


them, naming it Mt. George, and in complaisance to him the gentlemen called 
the mountain next to it Mt. Alexander. For this expedition they were obliged 
to provide a great quantity of horseshoes, things seldom used in the eastern 
part of Virginia, where there are no stones. Upon which account the Grov- 
ernor, upon his return, presented each of his companions with a golden horse- 
shoe, some of which I have seen covered with valuable stones resembling 
heads of nails, with the inscription on one side, 'Sic juvat transcendere Mon- 
tes.' This he intended to encourage gentlemen to venture backward and make 
discoveries and settlements; any gentleman being entitled to wear this golden 
shoe who could prove that he had drunk his Majesty's health on Mt. 

It has always been assumed that Gov. Spotswood communicated an ac- 
count of his expedition to the home government, and it tends to confirm this 
assertion that Chahners in his ''Annals" ,says the British Government penuri- 
ously refused to pay the cost of golden horseshoes. But nothing has yet been 
produced from Spotswood on this subject. The present writer has recently 
gone through the Spotswood manuscripts recovered from England, whither 
they had been carried by Feathers haugli, and which are now the property of 
the Historical Society of Virginia. We only discovered one allusion to the sub- 
ject in these papers. In a letter to the Board of Trade, 1718, Spotswood says: 
— "The chief aim of my expedition over the great mountains in 1716 was to 
satisfy myself whether it was practicable to come at the lakes. Having found 
an easy passage over that great ridge of mountains hitherto deemed unpassa- 
ble, I discovered from the relations of Indians which frequent these parts, that 
from the pass where I was it was but three days' march to a great nation of 
Indians, living on a river which discharges itself into Lake Erie; and that from 
the west side of the small mountain that I saw that lake is very vis- 
ible. The mountains on the other side of the great ridge being smaller than 
those I passed,shows how easy a matter it is to gain possession of these lakes." 
To account for these crude notions of the geography of the country it must be 
remembered that all west of Germanna was at that time a vast unexplored 
wilderness, covered by a dence forest, never trodden by the foot of the white 
man, except the flying rangers who hovered upon the frontiers of population 
to watch the Indians. 

John Fontaine, son of Rev. James Fontaine (Huguenot), and brother of the 
Rev. Peter Fontaine and of the Rev. James Fontaine, cJergymen of the Church 
of England in Virginia, was an ensign in the British army. Ho came to Vir- 
ginia in 171JJ, for the purpose of exploring the country and choosing lands for 
the settlement of the family when they should come over. He made the ac- 
quaintance of Gov. Spotswood at Williamsburg, and under his auspices visited 
the new settlement at Germanna, and accompanied Spotswood to his Indian 
school at Christanna, on the Meherrin River, and also on his expedition over 
the great mountains. He kept a journal of his daily doings, w^hich furnishes 
the only authentic account we have of this stirring adventure. His plain, un- 
varnished tale dispels the mist which the popular fancy had peopled with hos- 
tile Indians haunting the march, assassins stealing into camp at dead of night, 
and committing murder, perpetrating massacres, and doing battle in the 
mountain passes. The recent publication of this journal rescues the facts from 
traditionary perversions and restores them to their true historical proportions. 
From him (an eye-witness) we learn that Gov. Spotswood came from Williams- 
burg by way of Chelsea (King William) and Robert Beverly's (Middlesex), 
where the Governor left his chaise, and bringing Beverly along came on horse- 
back to Germanna, where, on the 26th August, 1716, they were met by other 


gentlemen, four Meherrin Indians, and two small companies of rangers. The 
names of the gentlemen of the party, deduced in part from the camps which 
were called after them, were: Gov. Spotswood, John Fontaine, Robert Beverly, 
the historian; CoL Robertson, Dr. Robertson, Taylor Todd, Mason, Captains, 
Clonder, and Smith, and Brooke, the ancestor of the late Judge Brooke. 
Campbell says;— "The whole company was about fifty persons. They had a 
large number of riding and pack-horses, an abundant supply of provisions, 
and an extraordinary variety of liquors." 

There have been divers opinions about the route which this gay company 
of young bloods pursued, and the gap at which they passed the mountains. 
The starting point (Germanna) is fixed, and the terminus, we think, by the 
light of Fontaine's Journal, is just as certain. We haye seen that Beverly (of 
the party) says **he was with Governor Spotswood at the head-springs of the 
York and Rappahannock Rivers." We shall presently see that Fontaine says 
''we passed from the head- waters of the Rappahannock to the head- waters of 
the James in a few hours." Now as Swift Run Gap is the only '*pass" which 
the head- waters of York, James, and Rappahannock rivers approximate, and 
as Swift Run, a branch of the James, flows down the eastern gorge of the gap 
from a spring whose present site, description, and relations to another spring 
flowing down the western declivity correspond with Fontaine's account of them 
we are shut up to the conclusion that Swift Run Gap is the historical pass. 
As to the intermediate course between these fixed points nothing is certainly 
known, except the first stages, viz. Expedition (Big Russell) Run, Mine Run, 
Mountain Run (the last two still retaining the names given them by these cav- 
alierfe), and Rapidan River at or near Somerville's Foi*d. So far the 
route seems plain. Our theory is that, encountering Clarke's Mountain at 
this point, they crossed the river, which demonstrably then ran nearer the 
mountain than now, and proceeding up the flats until they had flanked the 
mountain, recrossed to the highlands, and passing through Jones', HoUaday's, 
Bresee's, &c., encamped beyond Barnett's Ford, at a point where they had a 
fine view of the Appalachian Mountains, as they called them. Persons may 
well differ as to the precise line of travel, and maintain their theories by plau- 
sible arguments. All the points cannot now be settled with absolute certain- 
ty, and are not material; the main point being the general course of travel be- 
tween Germanna and Swift Run Gap. The theory of the map is that they 
continued their journey on the south side of the Rapidan through the beauti- 
ful bottoms of the forks of Poplar, Blue and Marsh Runs, striking and cross- 
ing the river again where it is very small. That they returned thib way is con- 
firmed by the fact that when they reached a certain point on the Rapidan, 
Mr. Beverly was so pleased with the land that he said he would take out a 
patent for it. Mr. B. Johnson Barbour's title to his beautiful river-farm goes 
back to Beverly's patent. A map was kindly and gi'atuitous- 
ly constructed for us by Capt. Joseph J. Halsey, a lawyer, versed in the 
lore of old land patents and surveys, and a competent topographer, after a pa- 
tient study of all the materials we could gather. The sketches of the country 
about Germanna were made by Rev. J. C. Willis, of Indiantown, from his own 
surveys, and an outline map of Mr. Brooking of the upper part of the route, 
and upon Capt. Halsey's own surveys, supplemented by his knowledge of the 
country, and aided by the suggestions of Mr. Stevens of Stannardsville, and 
other persons of the vicinage. Messrs. HaJsey, Willis and Brooking are all 
practical surveyors, and represent the beginning, middle and end of the route. 

But we must not detain the reader longer from Fontaine's Journal, from 
which he can deduce his own conclusions. Those who have never read it will 

find it a lively picture of the first company of gentlemen whose trumpet first 
waked the echoes of our hill, and lifted the blue veil which hid from the eyes 
of the white man the fair face of nature in the Valley of Virginia. 


August 27th. — Got our tents in order and our hoi*ses shod. 

29th. — In the morning got all things in readiness, and about one we left 
the German-town, to set out on our intended journey. At five in the after- 
noon the Governor gave orders to encamp near a small river three miles from 
Germanna, which we call Expedition Run, and here we lay all night. The 
first encanipment was called Beverly Camp, in honor of one of the gentlemen 
of our party. We made great fires, and supped, and drank good punch. By 
ten of the clock I had taken all of my ounce of Jesuit's bark, but my head 
was much out of order. 

30th. — In the morning about seven of the clock the trumpet sounded to 
awake all the company, and we got up. One Austin Smith, one of the gentle- 
men with us, having a fever, returned home. We had lain upon the ground 
under cover of our tents, and we found by the pains in our bones that we had 
not had good beds to lie upon. At nine in the morning we sent our servants 
and baggage forward, and we remained because two of the Governor's hordes 
had strayed. At half-past two we got the horses, at three we mounted, and 
at half an hour after four we came up with our baggage at a small river three 
miles on the way, which we call Mine River, because there was an appearance 
of a silver mine by it. We made about three miles more, and came to another 
small river, which is at the foot of a small mountain, so we encamped here 
and called it Mountain Run, and our camp we called Todd's Camp. We had 
good pasturage for our horses, and venison in abundance for ourselves, which 
we roasted before the fire on wooden forks, and so we went to bed in our tents. 
We made six miles this day. 

31st. — At eight in the morning we set out from Mountain Run, and after 
^oiug five miles we came upon the upper part of Rappahannock River. One 
of the gentlemen and I, we kept out on one side of the company about a mile, 
to have the better hunting. I saw a deer and shot him from my horse, but 
the horse threw me a terrible fall and ran away, we ran after him, and with a 
great deal of *difflculty got him again ; but we could not find the deer I had 
shot, and we lost ourselves, and it was two hours before we could come upon 
the track of our company. About five miles farther we crossed the same river 
again, and two miles farther we met with a large bear, which one of our com- 
pany shot and I got the skin. We killed several deer, and about two miles 
from the place where we killed the bear we encamped, upon the Rappahan- 
nock River. From our encampment we could see the Appalachian Hills very 
plain. We made large fires, pitched our tents, and cut boughs to lie upon, 
had good liquor, and at ten we went to sleep. We always kept a sentry at the 
Governor's door. We called this Smith's Camp. Made this day fourteen 

1st. — Sejitember. — At eight we mounted our horses and made the first five 
miles of our way through a very pleasant plain, which lies where Rappahan 
nock River forks. I saw there the largest timber, the finest and deepest 
mould, and the best grass that I ever did see. We had some of our bag- 
gage put out of order and our company dismountad by hornets stinging the 
horses. This was some hindrance and did a little damage, but afforded 
a great deal of diversion. We killed three bears this day, which exercised the 
horses as well as the men. We saw two foxes, but did not pursue them ; we 


killed several deer. About five of the clock we came to a run of water at the 
foot of a hill where we pitched our tents. We called the encampment Dr. 
Robinson's Camp, and the river Blind Run. We had good pasturage for oar 
horses and every one was cook for himself. We made our beds with bushes as 
before. This day we made thirteen miles. 

2d.— At nine we were all on horseback, and after riding about five miles 
we crossed the Rappahannock River almost at the head,where it is very small. 
We had a rugged way ; we passed over a great many small runs of water, 
some of which were very deep and others very miry. Several of our company 
were dismounted some were down with their horses, and some thrown off. 
We saw a bear running down a tree, but it being Sunday we did not endeavor 
to kill anything. . We encamped at five by a small river we called White Oak 
River; and called our camp Taylor's Camp. 

3d. — About eight we were on horseback, and about ten we came to a thick- 
et so tightly laced together that we had a great deal of trouble to get through. 
Our baggage was injured, our clothes torn all to rags, and the saddles and hol- 
sters also torn. About five of the clock we encamped almost at the head of 
James River, just below the great mountain. We called this camp Col. Rob- 
ertson's camp. We made all this day but eight miles. 

4th. — We had two of our men sick with the measles and one of our horses 
poisoned with a rattle-snake. We took the heaviest of our baggage, our tired 
horses, and the sick men, and made as convenient a lodge for tbem as we could, 
and left people to guard them and hunt for them. We had finished this work 
by twelve, and so we set out. The sides of the mountains were so full of vines 
and briers that we were forced to clear most of the way before us. We crossed 
one of the small mountains on this side the Appalachian, and from the top of 
it we had a fine view of the plains below. We were obliged to walk up the 
most of the way, there bemg abundance of loose stones on the side of the hill. 
I killed a large rattlesnake here, and the other people killed three more. We 
made about four miles, and so came to the side of James River where a man 
may jump over it, and there we pitched our tents. As the people were light: 
ing the fire there e^me out of a large log of wood a prodigious snake, which 
they killed, so this camp was called Rattlesnake Camp, but otherwise it was 
called Bnx)ke's Camp. 

5th.— A fair day. At five we were mounted. We were obliglnl to have axe- 
men to clear the way in some places. We followed the windings of James 
River, observing that it came from the very top of the mountains. We killed 
two rattlesnakes during our ascent. In some places it was very steep, in oth- 
ers it was so that we could ride up. About one of the clock we got to the top 
of the mountains; about four miles and a half and we came tj the verv head- 
spring of James River, where it runs no bigger than a man*s arm from under 
a big stone. We drank King George's health and all the royal family's at the 
very top of the Appalachian mountains. About a musket-shot from tlie spring 
there is another, which rises and runs down to the other side. It goes west- 
ward, and we thought we could go down that way, but we met with such pro- 
digious precipices that we were obliged to return to the top again. We founA- 
some trees which had been formerly marked, I suppose by the Northern In- 
dians, and following these trees we found a good, safe descent. Several of th^" 
company were for returning, but the (iovernor persuaded them to continue on^ 
About five we were down on the other side, and continued our way until sevei*- 
miles further, when we came to a large river, by the side of which we encamp — 
etl. We made this day fourteen miles. I, being somewhat more curious tha 
the rest, went on a high rock on the top of the mountain to see tine prospects 


and I lost my gun. We saw when we were over the mountain the footing of 
elk and buffaloes and their beds. We saw a vine which bore a sort of wild cu- 
cumber, and a shrub with a fruit like unto a currant. We ate very good wild 
grapes. We called this place Spotswood's Camp, after our Governor. 

6th. — We crossed the river, which we called Euphrates. It is very deep; 
the main course of tlie water is north; it is fourscore yards wide in the narrow- 
est part. We drank some healths on the other side and returned, after which 
I went swimming in it. We could not find any fordable place except the one 
by which we crossed, and it was deep in several places. I got some grasshop- 
pers and fished, and another and I we catched a dish of fish, some perch and a 
kind of fish they called chub. The others went a-hunting, and killed deer and 
turkeys. The Governor had graving irons, but could not grave anything, the 
stone was so hard. I graved my name on a tree by the river side, and the Gov- 
ernor buried a bottle with a paper enclosed, on which he writ that he took 
possession of this place in the name and for King George First of England. 
We had a good dinner,and after it we got the men together and loaded all their 
arms, and we drank the King's health in champagne and fired a volley, the 
Princess's health in Burgundy and fired a volley, and all the rest ofithe royal 
family in claret and a vplley. We drank the Governor's health and fired an- 
other volley. We had several sorts of liquors, viz., Virginia red wine and white 
wine, Irish usquebaugh, brandy, shrub, two sorts of rum, champagne, canary, 
cherry punch, water, cider, &c. I sent two of the rangers to look for my gun 
which I dropped in the mountain; they found it and brought it to me at night, 
and I gave them a pistol for their trouble. We called the higrhest mountain 
Mount George, and the one we crossed over Mount Spotswood. 

7th. — At seven in the morning we mounted our horses and parted with the. 
rangers, who were to go farther on, and we returned homewards. We repass- 
ed the mountains, and at five in the afternoon we came to Hospital Camp, 
where we left our sick men and heavy bagrgrage, and we found all things well 
and safe. We encamped here and called it Captain Clonder's Camp. 

8th. — At nine we were all on horseback. We saw several bears and deer, 
and killed some wild turkey. We encamped at the side of a run and called 
the place Mason's Camp We had good forage for our horses, and we lay as 
usual. Made twenty miles this day. 

9th.— We set out at nine ot the clock, and before twelve we saw several 
bears, and killed three. One of them attacked one of our men that was ridina: 
after him and narrowly missed him ; he tore his things that he had behind 
him from oflf his horse, and would have destroj-ed him had he not had imme- 
diate help from the other men and our dogs. Some of the dogs suffered severe- 
ly in this engagement. At two we crossed one of the branches of the Rappa- 
hannock River; and at five we encamped on the side of the Rapid Ann, on a 
tract of land that Mr. Beverly hath design to take up. We made this day 
twenty-three miles, and called this Captain Smith's Camp. We ate f)art of 
one Of the bears, which tasted very well, and would be good and might pass 
for Veal if one did not know what it was. We were very merry, and diverted 
ourselves with our adventures. 

10th. — At eight we were on horseback, and about ten, as we were going up 
a small hill, Mr. Beverly and his horse fell down, and they both rolled to the 
bottom; but there were no bones broken on either side. At twelve as we were 
crossing a run of water, Mr. Clonder fell in, so we called this place Clonder's 
Run. At one we arrived at a large spring, where we dined and drank a bowl 
of punch. We called this Fontaine's Spring. About two we got on horse- 
back, and at four we reached Germanna. 


Spotswood instituted what he called the Tramontane Order, in commem- 
oration of the expedition, each gentleman being entitled to wear the golden 
horseshoe who could prove that he had drunk his Majesty's health on Mt. 
George. The golden horse-shoes decended as heirlooms in several families. 
Judge Brooke, in his autobiography, speaks of one in the possession of Ed- 
mund Brooke, whose ancestor was of the party. This gentleman died in 
Georgetown, D. 0., and we had hoped to find the relic in his daughter's pos- 
session, but it had been lost. Campbell speaks of the late Mrs. Bott, of Peters- 
burg, a descendant of Spotswood, having seen the miniature horseshoe be- 
longing to Spotswood, and that it was small enough to be worn on a watch- 
chain. Spotswood probably had more than one of them, as we find it said in 
the Byrd manuscripts that when Spotswood made a treaty with the five na- 
tions of Indians at Albany, in 1722, in which they bound themselves not to 
pass the Potomac or the Blue Ridge, the Governor told the Indians that they 
must take particular notice of their speaker, and gave him a golden horse- 
shoe which he wore at his breast, and bade the interpreter tell him that there 
was an inscription on it which signified that it would help him to pass the 
mountains, and that when any of their people should come to Virginia they 
must bring that with them. These things are like dreams to us now. With 
a population which has not only transcended the Blue Ridge, but the Alle- 
ghany and Rocky Mountains, and reached the Golden Gate of California, it is 
hard to realize that only 160 years ago Germanna was a frontier post, and the 
great West an unknown world, except to the wild Indian, whose tribes have 
melted away before the palefaces like snow before the sun, and whose barque, 
like that of the crew of the fabled phantom ship, " rides on and on, and an- 
chored ne'er shall be." 




Salve Posteritas! 
Posteritas Germano-jjolltana. 

The German people is a potent element in American civilization. The 
number of Germantowns in the United States is curious and suggestive. The 
oldest of these is the one in Pennsylvania, which was the scene of the battle 
of Germantown in the old Revolution, in which so many of the men of St. 
Mark's figured. It was established in 1033, under the auspices of Pastorius, to 
provide, an he said, a "" pellace " or refuge from the judgements impending 
over the old world, and to Christianize the naked -going savages. He compos- 
ed a noble Latin ode on the occasion, beginning — 

Salve Posteritas ! 
Posteritas Germano-politana, 

which Whittier has put beautifully into English verse thus : 

Hail to Posterity I 
Hail, future men of Germanopolis! 
Let the young generation, yet to be, 


I Look kindly upon this; 

Think how our fathers left their native land- 
Dear German land ! O sacred hearts and homes I — 

And where the wild beast roams, 

In patience planned 
New forest homes, beyond the mighty sea, 

There undisturbed and free, 

To live as brothers of one family. 

What pains and cares befel, 

What trials and what feai*s, 
Remember, and whenever we have done well. 

Follow our footsteps, men of coming years. 

Where we have failed to do 

Aught, or wisely live 
Be warned by us, the better way pursue, 
And knowing we were human, even as you, 

Pity us and forgive. 

Farewell, Posterity I 

Farewell, dear Germany I 

Forevermore farewell I 

(See Memorial Thomas Potts, Jr., by Mrs. James.) 

Our Germanna was settled under the auspices of Governor Spotswood 
in 1714, on a peninsula of 400 acres of land on the banks of the Rapidan. These 
Germans came directly from Oldensburg, or were a remnant of a settlement 
planted under the auspices of the Baron de Graffenried in North Carolina, 
many of whom were massacred by the Tuscarora Indians, as related by Gov- 
ernor Spotswood in a letter of October 1711, which is published in Perry's 
Collections from the archives of Fulham and Lambeth. Spotswood, says he 
had demanded the release of De Graffenried, the Chief of the Palatines and 
Swiss, who had been taken prisoner, and was, he feared, reserved for torture 
by fire. That these Germans might have been the survivors of the massacre 
in North Carolina is a mere conjecture, suggested by the fact that De Graffen- 
ried was the leader of both parties. I have just found in the Spotswood MSS. 
the following paragraph in a letter of Governor Spotswood to the Commis- 
sioners of Trade in England, dated May 1714:—'' I continue to settle our trib- 
utary Indians, and in order to supply that part which was to have been cover- 
ed by the Tuscarora Indians, I have placed there a number of Protestant Ger- 
mans, built them a fort, furnished it with two pieces of cannon and some am- 
munition, which will awe the straggling parties of Northern Indians and be 
a good barrier to all that part of the country. These Germans were invited 
over some years ago by the Baron De Graffenreid, who had her Majesty's let- 
ter to the Governor to furnish them with land after their arrival. They are 
generally such as have been employed in their own country in mines, and say 
they are satisfied; there are divers kinds of minerals where they are settled, 
and even a good appearance of silver ; but it is impossible to know whether 
those mines will turn to account without digging some depth — a liberty I shall 
not give them until I hear from your Lordships.'* 

The Germans landed at Tappahannock, and a dispute arose between them 
and the captain of the ship in which they sailed, about the money for their 
passage. The captain refused to deliver their effects until his demand was 
satisfied. Governor Spotswood being present, proposed that if the Germans 
>\'ould settle on his land and remain long enough to instruct some of his young 
men in mechanical trades, he would pay the bill. They consented, and hence 
the settlement at Germanna. In 1714. John Fontaine and JohnClayton of Wil- 
liamsburg visited Germanna, and described it as follows: — " We went to the 
German minister's house (they say), and finding nothing to eat lived upon our 


own provisions and lay upon straw. Our beds not being: easy, we got up at 
break of day, and in a hard rain walked about the town, which is palisaded 
with stakes stuck in the ground close to each other, and of substance to resist 
musket-shot. There are but nine families, and nine houses in all in a line; 
and before every house, twenty feet distant, they have sheds for their hogs 
and their hens ; so that hog-sty s on one side and dwellings on the other 
make a street. The place paled in is a pentagon, regularly laid out ; and in 
the centre is a block-house with five sides, answering to the five sides of the 
great enclosure. There are loop-holes in it, from which you may see all the 
inside of the enclosure. This is intended for a retreat in case of their not be- 
ing able to defend the palisades from the Indians. They use the block-house 
for Divine service. They go to prayers once a day and have two services Sun- 
day. We went to hear them perform their services, which is done in their 
own language, which we did not understand, but they seem very devout and 
sing the psalms very well. This settlement is (1714) thirty miles from any in- 
habitant. They live very miserably. For want of provisions we were obliged 
to go. We got from the minister a bit of smoked beef and cabbage, and gave 
him thirty shillings and took our leave. In less than three hours on our way 
we saw nineteen deer; and we lodged at Mr. Smith's, at the Falls of the Rap- 

We must now let the Germans speak for themselves. In the archives of 
the English society for propagating the Gospel in foreign parts is the follow- 
ing memorial: — '* The case of thirty-two Protestant German families settled 
in Virginia humbly sheweth, that twelve Protestant German families, consist- 
ing of about fifty persons, arrived April 17 J4, in Virginia, and were there .set- 
tled near Rappahannock River. That in 1717, twenty Protestant German 
familes, consist of about four-score persons, came and settled down near their 
countrymen. And many more Germans and Swiss are likely to come. For the 
ministries of religion there will be a necessity for a small church and for a 
minister, who shall catechise and perform Divine offices among them in the 
German tongue, which is the only language they do yet understand. That 
there came indeed over with the first twelve German families a minister, nam- 
ed Henry Haeger — a very sober, honest man, about seventy- five years old; but 
he being likely soon to be past service, we have empowered Mr. J. C. Zollicoff- 
er, of St. Gall, Switzerland, to go to Europe and obtain subscriptions from 
pious Christians towards building a church, and bringing over with him a 
young German minister to assist Mr. Haeger, and to succeed him when he 
shall die ; to get him ordained in England by the Right Rev. Bishop of Lon- 
don, and to bring over with him the Liturgy of the Church of England, trans- 
lated into High Dutch, which they are desirous to use in public worship. 
But this settlement consisting of only mean (poor) persons, utterly unable to 
build a church and support an assistant minister, they humbly implore the 
countenance, &c., of the Bishop of London and other Bishops, and the vener- 
able society for propagating the Gospel in foreign parts, that they would take 
the case under their pious consideration and grant their usual allowance for 
the support of a minister, and if it may be so subscribe something towards 
the building of their church, and they shall ever pray that the Lord may re- 
ward their beneficence here and hereafter." The above petition w^as sent in 

in the year 1720 Spotsylvania was cut off from Essex, and the Parish of St. 
George,coteriiiinous with the county, was erected in 1721. (^^overnor Spotswood 
fixed the seat of justice at Germanna, and the first court, composed of John 
Taliaferro and othei*s, was holden 1st August, 1722. An appropriation was 

lade by the General Assembly > of £500 for a churcu, a prison, a pillory and 
kecks. The Act of Assembly contains this clause, doubtless for the benefit 
f the Germans: *' Because foreign Protestants may not understand English 
eadily, if any such shall entertain a minister of their own, they and their 
Ithables shall be free from taxes for ten years." 

By the help of Governor Spotswood a church was built, and Spotsylvania 
Jounty, named after Spotswood, and St. George's Parish began their career 
t G-ermanna, named from the Germans and Queen Anne. Governor Spots- 
'^CKxiy soon after made his home at Germanna. The Rev. Hugh Jones, in his 
Present State of Virginia," published about 1724, thus describes Germanna : 
Beyond Governor Spotswood's furnace, within view of the yast mountains, 
e has founded a town called Germanna, from the Germans sent over by 
tueen Anne, who are now removed up further. Here Spotswood has servants 
ad workmen of most handicraft trades ; and he is building a church, court 
oase, and dwelling-house for himself, and has cleared plantations about it, 
ncouragiug people to come and settle in that uninhabited part of the coun- 
py, lately erected into a county. Beyond this (continues Jones) is seated the 
olony of the Germans Palatine." 

These Germans Palatine were probably the founders of Germantown in 
'auquier. However this may be it is certain that the records of Fauquier de- 
elop the fact that in 1718 Jacob Spilman, John Hoffman, John and Herman 
'ishback, Peter Hitt, Jacob Holtzclaw, and William Weaver, not finding 
>om at Germanna, moved to Germantown. Only three of these (Hoffman, 
^ishback and Weaver) having been naturalized, they were sent to enter lands at 
rerinantown. The title was in these three, and they wei e to make leases for 
linety-nine years. The patent was issued in 1724. Copies of the leases are on 
Bcord. Tillman Weaver, in his last will (1754, Dec. 14th), devises property to 
Mllman W., to Ann, wife of Jno Kemper, and Mary, wife of Herman Hitt, 
Iva, wife of Samuel Porter, Jacob, Elizabeth, Catharine, &c. Peter Hitt in 
lis will, 1771, devises to John, Jos.. Herman, Peter, and to Mary, wife of Ja- 
ob Rector. Peter Hitt married Sarah James, and Jos. Hitt married Mary 
/oons. Several of these persons have their representatives in Fauquier, Cul- 
»eper and Madison counties. 

Colonel Byrd, already quoted, said that in 1732, while on a visit to Colo- 
lel Spotswood, he saw the ruinous tenements which they, the Germans, had 
►ccupied at Germanna, and adds that they had moved higher up to the forks 
it the Rappannock (the Rapidan) to lands of their own, which must mean 
n^hat is now the County of Madison, which lies within that fork. From the 
«>8timony of these witnesses the Germans must have migrated to Madison 
3efore 1734. The tradition is that they were disgusted with the poverty of the 
3oil and the harsh treatment of their overseers in the mines; and resolved to 
seek their fortunes on the banks of the Robinson River ; and from them has 
descended the very thrifty German element in the population of Madison 
County. What was the fate of their petition to London for a minister is not 
known. Had it succeeded we might have had a flourishing German Episco- 
pal church in Virginia. The Church of England being subject to the State, 
and the British Ministry being generally governed in their policy to the 
Church by considerations of political expediency, may not have acted in the 
premises. However that may have been, the tradition is that our German 
friends proc\ired subscriptions in Europe for building a Lutheran church, 
which was erected about 1740, near the junction of White Oak Run and 
and the Robinson River, and still stands in good condition. It is in the form 
of a Maltese cross. Money was also raised in Europe to buy a pipe-organ of 


good size, which I believe is still in use. Subscriptions were taken in Sweden too, 
perhaps for a communion service and other ptirposes, and the Kins: of Swed- 
en was said to have been one of the subscribers. General Banks of Madison, 
we are told, had seen one of these subscription papers. The church was en- 
dowed, held a glebe, and has money at interest. By the kindness of Governor 
Kemper I have a copy of the deed from William Carpenter to Michael Cook 
and Michael Smith, wardens and trustees of the Gar nan church, and people 
inhabiting the fork of Rappahannock river, in St. Mark's Parish and Coun- 
ty of Spotsylvania, and their successors, for a glebe for the use of the minister 
of the said German people and his successors, a tract of land in the first fork 
of the Rapidan River, containing one hundred and ninety -three acres, more or 
less, &c. The deed is dated 1733, and signed, sealed and delivered by William 
Carpenter in the presence of Jno. Waller, Robert Turner, Ed. Broughton, Jas. 
King and William Henderson. This Michael Cook was no doubt the same 
who, with George Woots, was appointed by the vestry in 1729 to count all the 
tobacco plants from the mouth of the Robinson River up to the Great Moun- 
tains, including Mark Jones's plantation. The services in this church were 
originally in German, then once a month in English, and subsequently entire- 
ly in the English tongue. 

Our interest in the history of this church is enhanced by the interchange 
of courtesies between the Lutherans and Episcopalians. The late Samuel 
Slaughter of this county remembered to have seen these Lutherans, when 
they had no minister of their own, came to Buck Run Episcopal church id ' 
Culpeper to receive the holy communion; and the late venerable Mrs. Sarah 
Lewis, the great-grandmother of Mrs. Dr Robert Lewis, of Culpeper, remem- 
bered when the Lutheran minister, Mr. Carpenter, used to baptize and per- 
form other ministerial offices for the Episcopalians of Madison when they had 
no minister. Many of the first grist-mills on the Robinson River and its tribu- 
taries were built by German mechanics. The first German settlers are said to 
have suffered occasionally from the incursions of the Indians. There is a tra- 
dition that the last person killed by the Indians in this region was murdered 
near what is now New Hope Church. There are some large Old German Bi- 
bles extant which have descended as heirlooms from the primitive Germans. 
We are indebted to the venerable John Spotswood of Orange Grove, and to 
Dr. Andrew Grinnan of Madison,, for some of the traditions referred to in the 
above chapter. 



December 4th, 1849.— 1 am this day 91 years old. I was bom m 1758 at my 
grandfather's, Major Philip Clayton's, who lived at Catalpa, where the Hon. 
J. S. Barbour now lives. My father. Col. James Slaughter, then lived on the 
Rappahannock River where Jones Green now lives. I went to school to 
John Wigginton, a first-rate • English teacher in the Little Fork. My father 
sold this farm to Gavin Lawson, and bought another of his brother. Col. Fran- 
cis Slaughter, near Culpeper C. H., where Samuel Rixey now lives. When we 
moved to the latter place, I went to write in the clerk's office with my grand- 
father. Major Clayton, who did the duties of that oflQ.ce for Roger Dixon, the 

clerk, whose home was in the lower country. After Dixon's death, John 
Jameson', who had served a reg^ular apprenticeship in the clerk's office, Was 
made clerk of the county. After several years' service in the office with Clay- 
ton and Jameson, my father withdrew me and sent me to a **Grammar School" 
of which Adam Goodlet (a Scotchman) was master, and which was the first 
public school in which Latin and Greek were tauprht in Culpeper County. 
[Adam Goodlet afterwards tau^rht school in the Taylor Settlement in Or- 
ange. Col. F. Taylor often speaks of him in his diary, and mentions James 
Madison, Jr., (the future President) examining Goodlet's scholars.] 

After going to school to Goodlet 18 months, the American Revolution be- 
gan, and I, not yet 17 years old, entered in Capt. John Jameson's company of 
minute-men. Culpeper, Fauquier, and Orange having agreed to raise a regi- 
ment, with Lawrence Taliaferro of Orange as Colonel, Edward Stevens of Cul- 
peper as Lieutenant- Colonel, and Thomas Marshall of Fauquier as Major, the 
regiment met in Major Clayton's old field, near Culpeper C. H., to drill, in 
strong brown linen hunting-shirts, dyed with leaves, and the words **Liberty 
or Death" worked in large white letters on the breast, bucktails in each hat, 
and a leather belt about the shoulders with tomahawk and seal ping-knife. In 
a few days an express came from Patrick Henry, commander of the First Vir- 
ginia Continental Regiment, saying that Dunmore had attempted to carry the 
military stores from the magazine at Williamsburg to the ships, &c. We 
marched immediately, and in a few days were in Williamsburg. The people 
hearing that we came from the backwoods, and seeing our savage-looking 
equipments, seemed as much afraid of us as if we had been Indians. We took 
pride in demeaning ourselves as patriots and gentlemen, and the people soon 
treated us with respect and great kindness. Most of us had only fowling-piec- 
es and squirrel -guns. Dunmore having gone on board of a British man of -war, 
half of the minute-men were discharged. 

My father. Col. James Slaughter, with Col. Marshall and others, had the 
honor of being in the first battle (the Great Bridge) fought in Virginia. I was 
sent home to school. In the spring of 177G I again left school and entered in 
Col. John Jameson's troop of cavalry for three years. But before we marched 
I was appointed by the Committee of Safety of Culpeper a Lieutenant in Capt. 
Gabriel Long's company of riflemen, and we marched to join the army under 
Washington in New York. In 1777 we were attached to the 11th Continental 
Regiment, commanded by Daniel Morgan. 

Lt. Slaughter was promoted to a captaincy in 1778, and served during the 
war, being in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, &c. He was one of the 
sufferers at Valley Forge. His messmates were the two Porterfields, Johnson, 
and Lt. John (Chief Justice) Marshall. They were reduced sometimes to a 
single shirt, having to wrap themselves in a blanket when that was washed; 
not one soldier in five had a blanket. The snow was knee deep all the winter, 
and stained with the blood from the naked feet of the soldiers. From the 
body of their shirts the officers had collars and wrist-bands made to appear on 

Capt. Slaughter kept a diary of his campaigns, which was lost in the 
wreck of so many fine libraries in the late war. Among the many anecdotes 
with which it abounded was the following concerning the late Chief Justice 
Marshall, at a camp on a night or two before the battle of Brandywine: — **At 
ten in the night we were aroused from sleep. Lt. Marshall had raked up some 
leaves to sleep on; he had pulled off one of his stockings in the night (the on- 
ly pair of silk stockings in the regiment), and not being able to find it in 
the dark, he set fire to the leaves, and before he saw it a large hole had been 


burnt in it. He pulled it on so, and away we went," &c. 

Capt. Slaughter's diary after the Revolution is preserved to 1849, when he 
died and was buried in Kichmond. 



As^was said in the text of this history, the Rev. J. Stevenson married Fan- 
ny, the sister of Lewis Littlepage. This gentleman was bom in Hanover 
county, Va., on 19th December, 1762, and died in Fredericksburg, July 19t!i, 
1802. His career was brief, brilliant and unique; and yet there are but few 
who seem to have heard of the battles, sieges, fortunes he had passed, the 
many accidents by flood and field, his hair- breadth 'scapes, &c. His name has 
nearly lapsed from history, or rather he never had a niche in our templ0 of 
fame; for Europe and not America, was the theatre on which he played hfe 
part. I am indebted to Dr. Payne, the great-grandson of Mr. Stevenson, fbr 
an original letter, in which he narrates to his family the story of his life from 
1785 to 1798. From the Memoirs of Elkanah Watson I am able to supply some 
incidents of his life up to the time when the narrative in his own letter begins. 

Mr. Watson says: — "During my residence at Nantes I became intimately 
acquainted with Lewis Littlepage, one of the most remarkable characters of 
the age. He arrived in Nantes during the winter of 1779-80 on his way to Ma- 
drid, under the patronage of Mr. Jay, our stern and able minister to the court 
of Spain. He was then a mere youth, of fine manly figure, with a dark, pene- 
trating black eye, and a physiognomy peculiar and striking. At that early pe- 
riod he was regarded as a prodigy of genius and acquirements. When I again 
heard of him he had separated from Mr. Jay's family, and entered as a volun- 
teer aide to the Duke de Cuillon at the siege of Minorca. At the attack of Gi- 
braltar he was on one of the floating batteries, and Was blown up, but saved. 
He participated in a conspicuous manner in the thrilling incidents of that 
memorable siege. After his catastophe in the floating battery he got a situa- 
tion on the Spanish Admiral's ship, and in one of the engagements he stood 
upon the quarter-deck during the battle and sketched the various pontoons of 
the fleet. On the return of the Spanish fleet to Cadiz he was sent with an oif- 
ficer to Madrid with dispatches, and exhibited to the minister a curious and 
scientific view of the battle, and was received with great applause and distinc- 
tion at the court of Madrid. In the April following the close of the war I din- 
ed with him at Dr. Franklin's, in Passy, and saw the sketch. At Paris and 
Versailles he moved in the first circles and attracted marked attention. In 
June he made a visit to my bachelor hall in Berkeley Square. London. I 
never saw him again. He made the tour of Europe and established himself at 
Warsaw, and became in effect, Prime Minister, went to St. Petersburg as am- 
bassador from Poland, acquitted himself with distinguished ability, and be: 
came one of the favorites of the Empress Catherine," &c. 

The following letter of Lewis Littlepage to Lewis HoUiday takes up the 
story of his lite where Watson's narrative ends, and completes the account of 
his eventful career in Euroi)e. 

Altoxa, 9th January, 1801. 
J)EAR Sir:— 

1 have this day received your letter of the 22nd August, 1800 . . . Since 

his first confidential secretary, with the rank of Chamberlain In February, 
1787, 1 was sent to negotiate a treaty with the Empress of Russia at Kiovia, 
which 1 effected. The same year I was sent as secret and special envoy to the 
court of France to assist in the negotiations for the grand Quadruple AlHanoe, 


'hich failed. In 1788 I was recalled, and sent to Prince Potemkin's army in 
ne Turkish war, where I commanded a division, acting at the same time in a 
olitical character. In 1789 I was compelled to leave Poland and travel to It- 
ly. Shortly after I received orders to repair to Madrid upon a high political 
lission. in which I completely succeeded. In 1790 I was recalled from Spain 
nd ordered to wait ultimate instructions at Paris. I afterwards received or- 
ers to repair by the way of Berlin to Warsaw for the revolution of the 3d 
[ay 1791. In 1792, 120,000 Russians invaded Poland. I was nominated Aide- 
e-camp-general to the King, with the rank of Major General. He signed the 
Dnfederation of Fargowitz, and in April, 1793, sent me once more as his spec- 
d envoy to Petersburg to prevent the division of Poland. I was stopped by 
le Russian Government on the road, and the division took place. In 1794 
losciusko and Madalinski began another revolution in Poland. On 17th 
pril the garrison and inhabitants of Warsaw rose in arms against the Rus- 
ans; to save the life of my unfortunate friend and king I was obliged to take 
art with Poland, and that dreadful battle ended in the slaughter of 10,000 
.ussians. The Empress Catherine II. never forgave me my conduct upon that 
scasion. She was more irritated against me by hearing that I had consented 
> accept as commander-in-chief under the revolutionary government, al- 
lough I was destined to act against Russia. My having assisted in repelling 
le Russian armies in their attempt to storm Willna, gave also offence. In 
lort, I had gone so far in the revolution that I should have gone much far- 
ler had I not been defeated with my friend Prince Joseph Poniatoski, the 
king's nephew, by the late King of Russia on the 2Gth August, 1794. That 
irent lost me all my popularity. It was very near getting me hanged, for I 
as regarded as the acting person, although upon my honor. Prince Poniatos- 
1 acted that day against my advice. The King of 'Russia attacked us with 
bout three times our force, both in men and artillery, and Kosciusko afford- 
i us no support until we were beaten beyond redemption, although neither 
is left or centre were engaged the whole day otherwise than in cannonading. 

After the battle of 20th August 1 took no further part in military affairs 
atil the storming of Prague, which cost the lives of 22,000 Polanders. On the 
}h January, 1795, the King of Poland was taken from Warsaw by the Russians 
) be conveyed to Grodno. I was separated from him by express orders of the 
in press, and it was hinted to be that nothing less than my former services in 
le Turkish war could have saved me from sharing the fate of the other chiefs 
f the revolution of 1794. After the departure of the King I set out for Vienna, 
ut was immediately ordered to leave that metropolis, which produced a pub- 
e altercation between me and the Austrian ministry, but which ended to my 
itisfaction, as Russia came forward and did me justice. The King of Prussia, 
rederick William II., afterwards allowed me to return to Warsaw, then un- 
er his dominion, where I remained until the death of the Empress Catherine 
[. I was then invited to go to Petersburg with the King of Poland, but re- 
ised unless reparation was made to me for the treatment I h^-d recently ex- 
erienced. The Emperor said that "all that regarded his mother; as he had 
iven no offence, he should make no reparation." I perhaps might have gone 
t last to Russia, but was prevented by the sudden death of my friend, my 
laster, my more than father. Stanislaus Augustus, King of Poland, who ex- 
pired at Petersburg 12th Feb'y., 1798. After that melancholy event a long 
orrespondence took place between the Emperor of Russia and myself, which 
nded in his paying me in a very noble manner the sum assigned me by the 
i-ing of Poland as a reward of my long and dangerous services. 

I arrived in Hamburg in October last. My intention was to go either to 

Prance .or England, but I found myself strangely embroiled with both these 

?overnment8. I have settled matters in France, but not yet in England. The 

ministers there persist in believing me to be sent upon a secret envoy from the 

Eraperior of Russia, who is now at variance with England. God knows I am 

sick of European politics. I intended to have spent the winter in Hamburg, 

l>ut was driven from that sink of iniquity by a most atrocious plot against my 

life and fortune. The latter is in safety, and should I perish even here under 

the hospitable government of Denmark, I shall leave nine or ten thousand 

pounds sterling so disposed of that my assassins cannot prevent its coming to 

wy family. That sum is all I have saved from the wreck of my fortunes in 

Poland. In the spring I shall proceed to America, either by the way of France 

or directly from hence, provided I escape the daggers and poison with which I 

aiu threatened here. 


My duty and affection to my mother, and kindest remembrance to all re- 
lations and friends. 

Ever yours, my dear Sir. 

Lewis Holliday. 

If the adventurous career of Lewis Littlepage needed confirmation, inci- 
dental proof and illustration of it will be found in the personal souvenirs de- 
vised by him to Waller Holladay and inherited by Col. Alexander Holladay, 
by whom they were kindly shown to the author: 

1. The original patent conferring the position of Chamberlain upon Lew- 
is Littlepage upon his entrance into the Polish Cabinet, 1787, signed by the 

2. The original patent of Knighthood of the Order of St. Stanislaus, 1790, 
signed by the King. 

3. The letter from the Prince of Nassau requesting the Marshal de LigDe 
to give Lewis Littlepage a captaincy in the regiment Royale PAllemande, re- 
citing Littlepage's distinguished service at Port Mahon and Gibraltar. 

4. The letter of the Duque de Cuillon assigning Lewis Littlepage to his 

5. The letter of Court Florda Blanca recommending Lewis Littlepage. 

6. The passport of Lewis Littlepage for his mission to France. 

7. Lewis Littlepage^s gold-hilted rapier presented to him by the Queen of 

8. Lewis Littlepage's gold key, his badge as chamberlain to the King of 

9. The portrait of the King of Poland presented to Lewis Littlepage by 
the King on their final parting at Grodno. 

Dr. Payne has too the insignia of Littlepage's knighthood, the Star of the 
order of Stanislaus. In the centre is a convex silver plate, on which, formed 
of small ruby sets, are the initials S. A. R., Stanislaus Augustus Rex; sur- 
rounding this, wrought with gold thread, is the motto, Incitat Prokmiando. 
Around this is a brilliant green border with gilt leaves. The rays of the star 
are silver spangles. 


A very curious article might be written on the literature of tobacco, in- 
volving its relation to the church and the State, and its influence on the indi- 
vidual mind and body, on manners and habits, and the general wealth and 
happiness of the world. Such an article might be illustrated by the authority 
of statesmen, lawyers, medical men, merchants, farmers and political econo- 
mists, and adorned with gems of wisdom and of wit from nearly ail the En- 
glish scholars and poets, from King James' "Counterblast" to Charles Lamb's 
''Farewell to Tobacco," in which praises and curses alternate with amusing 
felicity. It is interwoven with the history of Virginia at every stage of its 
progress. In colonial times many Acts of Assembly were passed regulating its 
culture, and one office of the early vestries was to appoint reputable freehold- 
ers to count tobacco plants in each parish. Thus, as early as 1728, Goodrich 
Lightfoot and Robert Slaughter counted the plants from the mouth of Moun- 
tain Run (in what is now Culpeper) up to Joseph Howe's Plantation, and 
across to the mouth of the Robinson River; Robert Green and Francis Kirtley 
on the other side of Mountain Run to the North River; George Woots and 
Michael Cook from the mouth of the Robinson River up to the Great M oun- 

*J I 

tains. The salaries of ministers and civil oificers were paid in tobacco, and it, 
or notes representing it in the warehouse, were the currency of the country. 
Some of these notes are now before us. Parishes too were known as **Orinoco" 
and * 'Sweet-scented" parishes, according to the kind of tobacco grrown in them. 
The salary of a minister was 10,000 lbs. of tobacco, the value of which varied 
from £40 to £80 in money. A sweet-scented parish was worth much more than 
an Orinoco parish. There was a deduction of 8 per cent, for cash, and tobac- 
co was sometimes as low as six shillinprs current money. A minister's tobacco 
was worth less than other like bulks of tobacco, because it was so mixed. Many 
flourishing towns, as Dumfries and Falmouth, &c., where Scotch merchants 
grew rich in this trade, sprang up in Virginia. In Glasgow there is now a 
''Virginia Street," and that city received a great impulse from becoming the 
entrepot whence the farmers- general of France derived their supplies of to- 
bacco from Virginia. 

Thk Pixe Trek axd its Fruits— Salaries paid ix Tar. 

These two were subjects of legislation. Tar was once in great demand for 
tarring the roofs of public and private buildings. Special instructions were 
given by the General i^ssembly of Virginia for preparing pine-trees by strip- 
ping the bark from the trunk of the trees, eight feet from the root, leaving a 
small slip to keep the tree aliye, when in a short time, it was said, the sun 
would draw the turpentine to the surface, and the whole trunk would become 
light- wood. 

It may not generally be known that towards the North Carolina line, 
where little or no tobacco was grown, the minister was paid in tar, pitch and 
pork; so says the Rev. Mr. Bagg in his report (1724) to the Bishop of London. 




Many of these family-trees had their roots in Great Britain ages ago; but 
it would take too much space to trace them there. As a general rule, we limit 
ourselves to the branches which were transplanted in Virginia. If our notices 
of some of the families are more extended than those of othei's, it is because 
the former were better known to us. Our design in printing these genealogies 
is to gratify a natural desire, which most persons feel, to know something of 
their forefathers, and to show how family-trees in a few generations interlock 
their branches. It is more creditable to transmit an honorable name to one's 
children than it is to derive it from one's ancestors, and to be descended from 
S:ood and true men than from a long line of unworthy forefathers, even though 
it be a line of kings and queens. But it seems to be unnatural and irrational 
to attach more value to the pedigrees of horses and herds than to the pedi- 
grees of men and women. One end of history is to reproduce the past for the 
gi'atification and instruction of the present; and it is surely (at least) an inno- 


cent curiosity to look back at those who in the past century cleared the land 
which we now till, and who laid the foundation of the institutions under 
which we live. 

Explanations of the abbreviations to be found in the genealogies:— m. 
means married; ch., diild or children; dau., daughter, and d. s. p., died with- 
out offspring. 



This family is of Scotch origin. There was a John Barbour who was 
Archdeacon of Old Aberdeen as early as 1357. He was the author of the his- 
torical poem of the Life and Actions of King Robert Bruce. Whether he was 
the root in Scotland of the branches of the family in Virginia, the writer does 
not know. Our relations are with James Barbour, the first of the name in 
what is now Culpeper.He was one of the first vestry men of St.Mark^s Parish at 
its organization at Germanna in 1731, and served in that office until the di- 
vision of the parish in 1740. which threw him into the new parish of St. Thom- 
as in Orange County where he lived. If the old register of St. Thomas Parish 
had been preserved, we should doubtless have found his name as vestryman 
there. Among his children were 1st James, who represented Culpeper in the 
House of Burgesses in 1764. He was the father of Mordecai Barbour, who 
married a daughter of John Strode of Fleetwood in Culpeper, and of Thomas, 
Richard and Gabriel, of whom the last three migrated to Kentucky. The 
Hon. John S. Barbour, M. C, brilliant at the bar and in the legislative halls, 
was the son of Mordecai and Miss Strode. He married Miss Beirne of Peters- 
burg, and their children are, Ist John S. Barbour, President of the Virginia 
Midland Railroad, who married a daughter of Henry Dangerfield of Alexan- 
dria; 2d. James, member of Assembly and Convention, who married Miss Beck- 
ham; 3d. Alfred, deceased; 4th. Dr. Edwin Barbour; 5th. Sally; 6th, Eliza (Mrs. 
George Thomi)son.) 

Thomas, son of James 1st, represented Orange in the Assembly in 1775, and 
St. Thomas Parish in the Convention in 1 785-86-90. He married Isabella 
Thomas, daughter of Philip Pendleton. There children were, 1st. Dr. Richard, 
and 2d. Thomas, who died in their youth; 3d. Hon. Philip P. Barbour, Speak- 
er of Congress, and of the Convention of 1829-30, and Justice of the Supreme 
Court U. S. He married Frances Todd, daughter of Benjamin Johnson of 
Orange. His children were: Ist. Philippa, who married Judge Field of Culpep- 
er; 2d. Elizabeth, who married John J. Ambler of Jacquelin Hall, Madison 
County; 3d. Thomas, M. D., who married Catherine Strother of Rappahan- 
nock County; he died in St. Louis of cholera in 1849; 4th. Edmund Pendleton 
who married Harriet, daughter of Col. John Stuart of King George, and died 
in 1851; 5th. Quintus, who married Mary, daughter of James Somerville of 
Culpeper; 6th. Sextus, died in St. Louis; 7th. Septimus, died in infancy. The 
Hon. P. P. Barbour died in Washington, attending the Supreme Court. Feb- 
ruary, 1841 His widow died April, 1872, aged 85. 

4tli. James, son of Thomas and grandson of James 1st, was born June 10th, 
1775. He was Governor of Virginia, Senator of U. S., Minister to England, 
Secretary of War, &c. Besides their other qualities, the two brothers had a 
wondrous faculty of speech in conversation and in the forum. James married^ 
October 29th, 1792, Lucy, daughter of Benjamin Johnson. Their children 
were: -1st. Benjamin Johnson Barbour, who died in 1820 in the 20th year of 
his age; 2d. James, who died November 7th, 1857: 3d. Benjamin Johnson Bar- 
bour, born June 14th, 1821, and married November 17th, 1844, Caroline Homoe-' 
seK daughter of the late eminent Dr. George Watson of Richmond. Mr. Bar- 


bour inherits the genius of his father, informed by rare culture, but he follows 
the example of his great-grandfather, and is content to be warden of the 
church. He was elected to Congress in 1865; but the representatives of Vir- 
ginia of that year were not admitted to their seats. 4th. Lucy, daughter of 
Governor Barbour, married (1822) John Seymour Taliaferro, who was unhap- 
pily drowned in 1830; 5th. Frances Cornelia Barbour married William Handy 
Collins, a distinguished lawyer of Baltimore. 

Among the daughters of Col. Thomas Barbour were: 1st. Lucy, who married 
Thomas Newman and had three daughters, Mrs. Macon, Mrs. Welch and Wil- 
helmina, and one son, James Barbour Newman. 2. Nelly, married Martin 
Nalle of Culpeper, father of P. P. Nalle, warden of St. Paul's Church, who 
married first Miss Wallace, and second Miss Zimmerman, and is the father of 
Mrs. Steptoe, wife of the Rector of St. Paul's. Cordelia Nalle married Joseph 
Hiden of Orange, father of Rev. J. C. Hiden (Baptist), Greenville, S. C. Ed- 
monia Nalle married William Major, Esq., of Culpeper: Fanny Nalle married 
John C. Hansbrough (lawyer); Martinette Nalle married Blucher Hansbrough 
of Culpeper; Lucetta Nalle married George Booton of Madison; Jane Nalle 
married George Clark of Washington, D. C; Thos. Nalle married Miss Hooe 
of Fredericksburg; Benjamin Johnson Nalle died unmarried; Sarah Ellen 
Nalle married Col. Garrett Scott, father of Rev. F. G. Scott of Christ 
Church, Gordonsville, Va. ; and Mary Nalle m. Richard H. Willis. 
Sally, daughter of Thomas Barbour, married Gabriel Gray, 
and had daughters, Mrs. S. F. Leake, Mrs. William Anderson, Mrs. R. W. An- 
derson, and Mrs. Cowles. Mary, daughter of Thos. Barbour, married Daniel 
Bryan — children, Mrs. Lathrop, Mrs. Judge Wylie, Mrs. Brown, and two sons, 
B. Bryan and Wm. Bryan. 

James Barbour the head of the foregoing family, took out a patent for 
land on the Rapidau in 1734. 

On the farm of Col. Garrett Scott in Orange is a granite tombstone just as 
old as St. Mark's Parish. The inscription is as follows: Here lyeth the' body 
of Jane, wife of John Scott, who was born ye 28th Dec, 1699, and departed 
this life ye 28th April, 1731. This farm is in direct lineal descent to the pres- 
ent owner from a grant known as the "Todd Grant," from the Crown of En- 

Note: In the Barbour genealogy page 52, the second paragraph should 
read that Thos. son of James 1st. m. Mary dau. of Richard Thomas and Isa- 
bella Pendleton Thomas. 


The first of this name in Virginia was Jno. Carter of Corotoman, who died 
in 1669. A chart of his descendants would fill this book. I limit this notice to 
those known to the writer in St. Mark's Parish. Robert, called King Carter, 
was the son of John 1st, by his wife Sarah Ludlowe. Robert m. (1688) Judith 
Armstead, and among their children was John, who (1723) m. Eliza Hill of 
Shirley, and their third son Edward of Blenheim m. Sarah Champe 
and their dau. Eliza, m. William Stanard of Roxbury, Spots- 
ylvania, who was the grandfather of Virginia Stanard, who m. 
Samuel Slaughter, the old churchwarden of St. Mark's, and was the mother of 
Mrs. William Green of Richmond, of Mrs. Dr. Daniel Green, of Sally C, wife 
of Rev. William Lockwood of Md., of Marcia (Mrs. JohnB. Stanard). Elizabeth 
Stanard m. Jno. Thompson father of Fanny, wife of Rev. John Cole, of Miss 
Eliza Thompson, and of Mrs. BufRngton. Jane, daughter of Edward of Blen- 
lielm m. Major Bradford of the British army, father of Samuel K. Bradford of 


the Revolution, whose son, Samuel K. Bradford, vestryman of St. Mark's m. 
Emily, dauprhter of Samuel Slaughter (churchwarden of St. Mark's), and was 
the father of S. S. Bradford, present churchwarden; of Mrs. Gen. Wright, U. 
S. army ; of Mrs. Professor Naime of Columbia College, New York; of Dr. 
Robert B. Bradford, and of Mrs. Van Schaik of New York City. William 
Champe Carter of Farley, Culpeper County, sixth son of Edward of Blenheim, 
m. Maria Farley, and their daughter Eliza Hill m. Col. Samuel Storrow, the 
father of Mrs. Judge Bell, of Mrs. Dr. Wm. Thompson, of Mrs. Weston, of Mre. 
Green, of Samuel and Farley. Charles Carter of Cleve, son of King Carter by 
his second wife Mary Landon, had a daughter Sarah who m. William a son of 
Rev. John Thompson of St. Mark's, who was the father of Commodore Chal^ 
les Carter Byrd Thompson, U. S. navy, of Gilliss and of William Thompson. 


Among the members of the first vestry of St. Mark's in 1731 was Benjauiin 
Cave. I have in my possession the original patent for 1000 acres of land on 
the Rappidan (sic) River, to Abraham Bledsoe and Benjamin Cave, "to be 
held in free and common socage, and not in capite or knight service, by pay- 
ing yearly the free rent of one shilling for every fifty acres, on the feast of St. 
Michael the Archangel"; signed by William Gooch, Lieut.-Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia. Done at Williams- 
burg, under the seal of the Colony, 28th September, 1728. 

Benjamin Cave was vestryman of St. Mark's until 1740, when St. Thomas 
Parish was cut off from St. Mark's; and he and David Cave, who was Lay 
Reader at tlie old Orange Church near Ruckersville, became members of the 
new parish (St. Thomas) in Orange County, where they lived The records of 
St. Thomas being lost, their relation to it cannot be traced. It is known, how- 
ever, that the family adhered to the Church of their fathers; and one of the 
old ministers, about 1740, lived with Benjamin Cave, Sr., whose residence was 
within reach of the first chapel (near Brooking's) and the old Orange Church. 

I have in my possession some original poems in MS., entitled "Spiritual 
Songs," written by a sister of Benjamin Cave, Sr., endorsed 1767. It is very 
pleasant to find one of these old-time church people, who some modem people 
think had no religion, giving utterance to her pious emotions in songs which 
are evidently the outpourings of a truly devotional spirit. It is said that Ben- 
jamin Cave used to repeat the church service from memory, chanting the 

The first Benjamin Cave lived for a time at what is now known as Rhodes in 
Orange, and then moved to land on the Upper Rapidan near Cave's Ford, 
which derives its name from hifn. 

Benjamin Cave represented Orange in the House of Burgesses in 1750. He 
m. Hannah, dau. of Wm. and sister of Abraham Bledsoe; ch. David, John, 
Wm., Richard (who moved to Kentucky), Ann (to North Carolina); Sally m. a 
Strotlier, Hannah m. Capt. Mallory; ch. Elizabeth m. Oliver Welch. Another 
daughter m. Capt. Robert Terrill, the father of Mrs. Robert Lovell. Another 
daughter m. Oliver Terrill, the father of Dr. Uriel Terrill, Delegate from 
Orange. Another daughter m. Welch. William Mallory m. Miss Gibson, and 
was the father of Robert Mallory, late M. C. from Kentucky. Uriel Mallory 
was the father of Mrs. John Taliaferro. Phil. Mallory lived near Raccoon 
Ford. Elizabeth, dau. of Benjamin Cave m. Col. Wm. Johnson; ch. 1. Valen- 
tine m. Elizabeth Cave, ch. Belfield m. Miss Dickerson. 2. Fontaine m. Miss 
Duke. 3. Lucy m. Mr. Suggett. 4. Sally m. Mr. Dickerson. 5. Benjamin m. 
Miss Barbour (see Barl)our genealogy). 0. Col. Robert m. Miss Suggett; ch. I. 

Richard M., Vice-President and hero of the "Thames"; 2. J. T. Johnson (M. 
C); 3. James; 4. Benjamin. Benjamin Cave, son of first Benjamin, m. a dau. 
of Dr. John Belfield of Richmond County; eh. Belfield, m. Miss Christy; ch. 
Belfield, Clerk of Madison County, m. Miss Jones, and was the father of Mrs. 
Governor Kemper. Emily m..Col. Cave; Sally m. Shackelford; Hudson was 
Professor at Chapel Hill, N. C; Benjamin m. Miss Glassell (father of Mrs. John 
Gray; Jr., of Traveller's Rest.) Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Elizaheth, m. 
Miss White; eh. William, Belfield, John and Margaret, all settled in Kentucky. 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin, m. Wm. Cassine; ch. Mary, who m. Mr. Taliaferro. 
William, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Cave, m. Miss Smith; ch. John, Wm. 
and Hudson, settled in Kentucky. Elizabeth m. John Bell, father of Nelson 
H, Bell of Baltimore, who m. Hannah Cave. Another dau. m. Mr. Irvine. 
Richard Cave m. Miss Porter; ch. Thomas, Capt. William (father of Mrs. 
Cornelia Thompson), Felix, Elizabeth, Mary, Cornelia. Anne, and Hannah. 
I am indebted to Mrs. Thompson for contributions to the above notice. 


The first person of this name who appears in the history of Virginia was 
the Rev. John Clayton, who had been Rector of Crofton in Yorkshire. In 16- 
83 he addressed to the Royal Society in England, at their request, several let- 
ters giving an account of what he calls **Several Observables" in Virginia. 
These letters discuss the soil, climate, natural history and agriculture of the 
colony of that day. They display great acuteness of observation, fullness of 
learning, and practical suggestions. He seems to have been the first to point 
out the value of marl and muck as fertilizers, and suggest to the planters the 
advantage of draining the tidewater swamps. And when his opinion was 
laughed at and rejected by the overseers, he went to work and put them to 
shame by laying dry a pond of water, bringing to the light of the sun inex- 
haustible soil. 

The next man of mark of this name was the Rev. David Clayton, minister 
of Blissland Parish, New Kent Co., Virginia, from 1704 to 1724. In his paroch- 
ial reports to the Bishop of London he says (1724) that his parish was sixty 
miles long, that he had under his charge 136 families and about seventy com- 

There is John Clayton at Williamsburg, Attorney General, and a friend of 
Spotswood, who accompanied Mr. Fontaine in the first trip to Germahna in 
1714. There was also a Clayton a vestryman and justice in Essex Co. The 
family tradition is that Major Philip Clayton came to Culpeper from New 
Kent through Essex. What was his precise relation to the foregoing clergy- 
men is not certainly known. His name first appears in our church records in the 
year 1741, when he was chosen vestryman of St. Mark^s, and a patent for land 
from Lord Fairfax to John Brown (now before us) is endorsed as having been 
surveyed by Phillip Clayton, 1749. He was the deputy, doing all the duties of 
the office for Roger Dixon, Clerk of Culpeper, who lived in the lower country. 
He married Ann, sister of Robert Coleman, on whose land the courthouse was 
built. He had one son, Samuel (his successor in the vestry), who married his 
cousin Ann Coleman, and among their children were Major Philip Clayton the 
second, an oflBcer of the Revolution, whose daughter Sarah Ann married Dr. 
James B. Wallace. 

Nancy, sister of the last Philip, and daughter of Samuel, married Jeremi- 
ah Strother, and was the grandmother of the Rev. J. S. Hansbrough, and Mrs. 
Judge Williams of Orange C. H., Colonel Woodson Hansbrough, and Mrs. 


Lucy, dau. of the first Philip, married William Williams (vestryman), 
and their children were Major John, General James, both officers in the Rev- 
olution, Philip of Woodstock, William Clayton of Richmond, Mrs. Stevens and 
Mrs. Green. (See Williams genealogy.) 

Susan, another daughter of the first Philip, mArried Colonel James Slaugh- 
ter, father of Captain Philip Slaughter. (See Slaughter genealogy). 

Another daughter married Nathaniel Pendleton, brother of Judge Edmund 
Pendleton, President of the Court of Appeals (see Pendleton genealogy). An- 
other daughter married a Crittenden, and was the mother (I believe) of Sena- 
tor Crittenden of Kentucky. 

Major Philip Clayton the elder lived at Catalpa, so named from a Catalpa 
tree he transplanted from Essex, the first of its kind in the county. 

Philip Clayton went from Virginia to Georgia, where he died, and was 
buried at Sand Hills, near the city of Augusta. His children were first. George 
Roots of Milledgeville, cashier of State Bank and treasurer of the State, high- 
ly honored and esteemed. 2. Augustine Smith Clayton, of Athens, graduated 
at Franklin College, distinguished at the bar. Judge of the Western Circuit, 
and member of Congress, where he won a national reputation. He was an 
able statesman, jurist and man of letters, and left his impress upon the policy 
and literature of the State. He died a Christian, on 1st of June, 1839, in the 
56th year of his age, leaving ninJB children, viz. George Roots, Augustine 
Smith, Wm. Wirt, Cashier Merchants Bank, Atlanta; Philip, consul at Callao, 
and churchwarden, St. Paul's, Greensboro, died 1877; Almyra; Dallas; Edward 
P., cotton factor and commission merchant of Augusta, and churchwarden of 
St. Paul's; Julia; Claudia, and Augusta. 


Robert Coleman, Ist of the name in Culpeper, m. Sarah Ann Saunders. 
The town of Fairfax (Culpeper) was founded on fifty acres of his land in 1759. 

He had one son, Robert, who emigrated to Kentucky and m. Mrs. Thomp- 
son, a sister of Major Philip Lightfoot. 

Gilly, dau. of the 1st Robert and Miss Saunders, m. General Edward Stev- 
ens, the Revolutionary hero and elector, who cast the yote of the district for 
Washington, and whose son John m. Polly, dau. of the first William Williams. 

Ann, 2d dau. of 1st. Robert, m. Samuel Clayton, (See Clayton genealogy.) 

Rosa, 3d dau., m. Foster of Tennessee, one of whose ch. was the Senator in 
Congress from that State. 

Another dau. of Ist Robert m. Col. John Slaughter, son of the 1st Francis 
of that name. 

Another dau. m. Francis Slaughter, brother to the foregoing John. (See 
Slaughter genealogy.) 

Another dau. m. a Yancev. 

Lucy, another dau., m. French Strother, so long representative of Culpep- 
er in the General Assembly and in the Convention of 1775- C, and whose oldest 
daughter. P. French was first wife of Capt. P. Slaughter. (See Slaughter gen- 

The 8th dau. of 1st. Robert m. a Crutcher, and one of their daughters m. 
a Foushee. 

Robei-t Coleman in his will (1793) recorded in Culpeper, leaves legacies to 
his daughters Ann Clayton, Sarah Slaughter, Lucy Strother, Frances Crutch- 
er Susanna Yancey. Philip Clayton was his executor. 


This family has been identified with the Episcopal Church from the earli- 
est times. You may trace the name through the vestry-books from the first 
settlements in the Northern Neck to the present time. I have in my posses- 
sion the will of Edwin Conway, dated 19th of March, 1698. In the graveyard 
of Whitechapel, Lancaster County, there is a tombstone of Mary Ball, daugh- 
ter of Edwin Conway, and one of James Ball, her husband, who was a near 
relative of Gen. Washington's grandfather, who was the son of Col. Wm. Ball, 
the first of the name who came from England in 1650 and settled at the mouth 
of Corotoman River. I transfer from the will the following clauses: — **First 
and PRINCIPALLY, I bequeath my soul to the God that gave it, in certain 
hope, notwithstanding my unworthiness, to receive pardon of all my sins, 
through the blessed merits of my dear Redeemer; and by no other way or 
means do I hope for pardon. My body I commit to be buried in my burying- 
ground at Lancaster, by the left side of my dear wife Sarah, in certain hope, 
thro' the merits aforesaid, that soul and body will have a joyful meeting at 
the resurrection of the just." He gives to his son Francis and to his heirs law- 
fully begotten 706 acres of land in Essex; to the child or children "whereof my 
wife now goeth withal" the crop of sweet-scented tobacco on the lower planta- 
tation. To his son Edwin all the lands in Lancaster given him by deed, with 
his mathematical books and instruments, and all "the cloth and stuff sent for 
to England." He appoints his friend Andrew Jackson, Reuben Conway and 
H. Thacker to be overseers of his will, desiring them to carefully advise and 
instruct his children in their persons and estates and to be assistants to his 
dear wife. 

The aforesaid E. Conway married Elizabeth Thompson. Their son Fran- 
cis, near Port Roj^al, Caroline, married Rebecca, daughter of John Catlett and 
Elizabeth Grimes. (This John Catlett was son of the John Catlett killed by 
the Indians while defending the fort at Port Royal.) Nelly, daughter of Fran- 
cis and granddaugliter of Edwin Conway, married James Madison, Sr., and 
was the mother of President Madison, who was born at Port Conway, opposite 
to Port Royal, where his mother was visiting, at 12 o'clock at night between 
the 6th and 6th of March, 1751, and was baptized the 31st of March by the 
Rev. Wm. Davis, and had for godfathers John Moore and Jonathan Gibson, 
and for godmothers Mrs. Rebecca Moore and Misses Judith and Elizabeth Cat- 

The author of this will was the great-grandfather of old Capt. Catlett Con- 
way, of Hawfield, in Orange (now owned by Wm. Crenshaw, Esq.,) who was 
the father of the late Francis, Catlett, John and Henry Conway, of Orange 
and Madison; of Mrs. Hay Taliaferro, of Rose Hill, Orange County, and of Mrs. 
Fitzhugh, of Bedford, Kin^ George. Dr. Charles Conway (vestryman) is a di- 
rect descendant of the old vestryman, the first Edwin Conway of Lancaster. 


The first person pf the name in the parish register is Henry Field, Sr., a 
member of the first vestry chosen by the freeholders and housekeepers of St. 
Mark^s Parish, at Germanna, in January 1781. The next is Abraham Field, 
elected vestryman at the Great Fork Church in 1744, and served till his death 
in 1774, a term of thirty years. He had a son John, who represented Calpep- 
er in the House of Burgesses in 1765. He was probably the Col. John Field 
who had served in Braddock's War, and who fell, fighting gallantly at the head 
of his regiment, at the battle of Point Pleasant. One of his daughters married 


Lawrence Slaughter, an officer of the Revolution, and who was the father of 
John Field Slaughter, who married Miss Alexander, of Prince William. An- 
other of Col. John Field's daughters married Col. George Slaughter, who rais^ 
ed one of the first companies of minute-men in Culpeper; and after the war 
moved to Kentucky with George Rogers Clarke, commanded a fort at the Falls 
of the Ohio, and was one of the founders of the city of Louisville, which was 
then in the State of Virginia. 

Henry Field, Sr., the vestryman of 1731, served in that office and as church- 
warden till 1762, a term of thirty-one years. He executed many eommiissions 
for the vestry, such as going to Williamsburg on horseback several times on 
their behalf, and paying quit-rents for the churches and glebes. He and 
Francis Slaughter and Robert Oreen chose a site for a chapel between Shaw's 
Mountain, the DeviPs Run and Hazel River. He was succeeded in the vestry 
by Henry Field, Jr., who served till his removal from the parish of St. Mark's 
into Bromfield Parish, whose records are lost or we should probaly have found 
his name on the vestry-books there. He represented Culpeper in the Conven- 
tion at Williamsburg in 1774 to consider the state of the country, in the House 
of Burgesses in 1775, and with French Strother in the Convention of 1776 
which asserted the principle of religious liberty, declared American independ- 
ence, and adopted the first Constitution. Henry Field, Jr., died in 1785, leav- 
ing six sons — Daniel, Henry, George, Joseph, Thomas and John, who were the 
ancestors of the families of that name. The late judge of this court, Richard 
H. Field, and his brothers Yancey and Stanton, were the sons of Daniel Field 
of what is now Madison. He (the Judge) married first Matilda, daughter of 
Robert Slaughter of the. Grange, and second Philippa, daughter of the Hon. 
Philip P. Barbour. His three sons were killed in battle during the late war, 
and his daughter (Mrs. Norvell) is the only surviving child. Gen. James Field 
of the Culpeper bar, who lost a limb at the battle of Slaughter's Mountain, is 
a son of Yancey Field. He married Miss Cowherd of Orange. 


The ancestor of the Frys who once so abounded in Culpeper, was Col. Josh- 
ua Fry, an Englishman educated at Oxford. He lived some time in Essex, was 
Professsor of Mathematics at William and Mary College, a member of the 
House of Burgesses, commissioner to run one of the lines between Virginia and 
North Carolina^ and negotiator of the treaty of Logstown. He, with Peter 
Jefferson, made a map of Virginia in 1749. He commanded a regiment against 
the French and Indians, of which Washington was lieutenant-colonel. I am 
indebted to his lineal descendant Frances Fry, of Charlottesville, for a copy of 
his commission, from the original in Mr. Fry's possession: — 

''To Joshua frye 

''His Majesty, by his royal instructions, commanded me to send a proper 
number of forces to erect and maintain a fort at the Monongahela and Ohio 
Rivers; and having a good opinion of your loyalty, conduct and ability, I do 
hereby institute, appoint and commission you to be Colonel and Commander- 
in chief of the forces now raising, to be called the Virginia Regiment, with 
which and the cannon, arms and ammunition, necessary provisions and stores, 
you are with all possible dispatch to proceed to said fork of Monongahela, and 
there act according to your instructions." 

Col. Joshua Fry-married Mra Hill, the daughter of Paul Micon, a French 
Huguenot physician. He was the father of the Rev. Henry Fry, who lived in 
the fork of Crooked Run and the Robinson River, and occasionally preached 
in the Episcopal church near Orange C. H., when they had no minister, always 
prefacing his sermons with the old church service, says Col. Frank Taylor, a 

38tryman of that church. He wan one of those grood and ^ileless men whom 
1 Christians respected and loved. His son Reuben m. Ann dau. of Col. Jas. 
laughter, and their ch. were Judge Joseph Fry, of Wheeling, Henry, Senator 
P Kanawha, and Philip S., late clerk of Orange and father of Philip, present 
lerk, William, Thomas and Luther. Thomas W., son of Rev. H. Frj^ m. 1st 
[rs. Slaughter, whose maiden name was Bourn, and 2d Ann dau. of Col. Abram 
[aury of Madison. He with three ch. moved to Kentucky (1816). Joshua m. 
[iss Walker, and Mrs. Willis dau. of William Twymian. Hugh and Joshua 
'ry, of Richmond, were his sons. Henry m. Mildred dau. of Rev. Mat. Maury, 
^nk Fry, Sr., of Charlottesville, is their son. John m. Miss Hey wood, of 
lulpeper, and lived at the Warm Springs. Mrs. Dr. Archer Strother was his 
au. Wesley m. 1st Miss Walker, and 2nd a French lady. Miss Leflet, and had 
birteen children. Thornton m. a dau. of Hon. Philip R. Thompson, and their 
h. were Gen. Burkitt Fry, C. S. A., Dr. Frank and Mrs. Jno. L. Bacon, of 
Richmond. Margaret dau. of Rev. Henry m. Philip Lightfoot and moved to 
Kentucky. Martha m. Goodrich Lightfoot and had ten ch., of whom Edward 
lightfoot, of Madison, is the only survivor. Maria m. Hugh Walker and went 
3 Kentucky, and had many children. 

Col. Joshua Fry, the head of this family in Virginia, patented 1000 acres of 
ind on the Robinson River in 1726, and 400 acres "in the fork of the Robinson" 
1 1739. Charles Meriwether Fry, of the Bank of New York, who m. Miss 
leigh, is the son of Belville, who was the son of Joshua, who was the son of 
lev. Henry Fry. 


The chief seat of this family in Virginia was the county of Essex, where 
lany of this name occupied a high social position and filled many places of 
lubllc trust. The Hon. James M. Gamett was a member of Congress from 
805 to 1809. The Hon. Robert S. Gamett was in Congress from 1817 to 1827. 
^he Hon. Muscoe Gamett was also a member of Congress and of the State 
Convention of 1850. Dr. A. Y. P. Gamett who married the daughter of Gover- 
lor Wise, has been for many years a leading medical man of Washington City. 
?here was a General Garnett of the Confederate army who fell in battle, whose 
ister married Professor Williamson of the Virginia Military Institute; and 
here is now a Professor Garnett in the College at Annapolis, Md. 

I have been disappointed in receiving the information which would have 
nabled me to show the connecting links between these several members of 
be family in Virginia. The first of the name in Culpeper was Anthony Gar- 
lett, who came from Essex, and from the names James, Muscoe and Reuben, 
^hich are common to both families, they probably sprang from the same stock. 
Lnthony Garnett was a vestryman, churchwarden and lay reader of St. Mark's 
*arish from 1758. He lived at the Horse Shoe, where Joseph Wilmer, Jr., 
low resides, and when there was no minister of the parish, was in the habit of 
mrying the dead with the church service. He married Mrs. Bowler (Miss 
Tones), and his children were Robin, who moved to Kentucky and died in his 
linety-eighth year. His daughter married Stokely Towles of Madison, and 
;heir daughter married James L. Waggener of Russelville, Ky., father of Prof. 
SVaggener of Bethel College, Ky. James, son of Anthony, was minister of 
brooked Run Church. He married Miss Rowe, and was the father of Edmund, 
who was the father of the late Rev. James Garnett, whose sons, Joel, Absalom 
and Franklin, and daughter Tabitha, still survive. James, Sr., was the fatb- 
erof the present James, who^e children are Muscoe and others. John, son of 
Anthony, moved to Kentucky. Thomas married Miss Hawkins. Reuben, son 


of Anthony, married Miss Twyman, and was the father of the venerable Miss 
Tabitha Garnett, who, like her namesake in the Bible, is kind to the poor. 
Lucy married a Tinsley. Sally married a Stepp, and Betsy married William 
Willis of Culpeper, the father of the late Isaac Willis, who has many descend- 
ants, among whom is the Rev. John C. Willis of Indian Town, Orange County. 


The Glassell (originally Glassele) family went from Poictiers, Franee, with 
Mary Queen of Scots on her return to her native country. John Glassell of 
Runkan, Scotland, m. Mary Coalter, a warm Covenanter, and their son Robert 
m. Mary Kelton and their son Andrew Glassell was born at Gal way » Dum- 
friesshire, Scotland, near Torthorwald, **Ca8tle of the Douglass," Oct. 8th, 1738, 
and emigrated to Madison County, Virginia, in 1756. He imported meehanics 
from Scotland, and built a large brick residence on his fine estate on the upper 
Robinson River, known as Torthorwald. He m. (1776) Elizabeth dau. of Eras- 
mus Taylor of Orange County, and died July 4th, 1827, aged 89. Their chil- 
dren were — 

1. Millie Glassell m. Reuben Smith. Issue 1. Jane m. in 1822 Hon. Jereme- 
miah Morton (M. C); issue one son, died in infancy, and one daughter, Mild- 
red m. J. J. Halsey, issue 1. Fannie M.; 2. Anne Augusta (Mrs. Alexander); 3. J. 
Morton m. Miss Steams; 4. R. Ogden m. Miss Walker, and 5. Joseph J. Halsey. 
2. George A. Smith (now of Bell County, Texas), m. Julia dau. of James Somer- 
ville of Culpeper Co.; issue 1. Eudora G. (Mrs. Lees); 2. Jane M. (Mrs. Ware); 3. 
Mary S.(Mr8. Coffee); 4. Margaret (Mrs. Russell), and several sons unmarried. 3. 
Dr. William R. Smith (late of Galveston), m. first Mrs. Middleton, no issue; m. 
second Mary Mayrant, issue John M. m. Miss Terry; and Mildred (Mrs. Crosby 
of New York City.) 

2. John Glassell m. first Louisa Brown. Issue 1. Dr. Andrew m. Miss 
Downing; 2. Fanny (Mrs. Ware); 3. Mary (Mrs. Conway); 4. Louisa (Mrs. Enoof 
Pennsylvania). John Glassell m. second Mrs. Lee, nee Margaret Scott; issue 
Mildred S. (Mrs. Covell) and John m. Miss Thorn. John Glassell m. third Mary 
Ashton, by whom no issue. 

3. Mary Kelton Glasesell m. Michael Wallace. Issue 1. Ellon (Mrs-'Somer- 
ville); 2. Gustavus; 3. H. Nelson; 4. Elizabeth (Mrs. Wallace); 5. Louisa (Mrs. 
Goodwin); 6. James, and 7. Marianna (Mrs. Conway.) 

4. Helen Buchan Glassell m. Daniel Grinnan. Issue 1. Robert A. m. Rob- 
ertine Temple; 2. Cornelia (died 18(i4); 3. Andrew G. m. Georgie S. Bryan; 4. 
Daniella M. 

5. Jane M. Glassell m. Benjamin Cave. (See Cave genealogy.) 
(). Major James M. Glassell, U. S. Army, m. Eudora Swartout. 

7. Andrew Glassell m. Susan Thornton. Issue 1. Andrew m. Miss Toland; 2. 
Capt. William S. Glassell; 3. Susan S. m. first Colonel George S. Patton (see 
Williams genealogy); m. second George H. Smith of California. 

8. William E. Glassell m. first Margaret Somerville. Issue one child living, 
Margaret (Mrs. Weeks of Louisanna). M. second Harriet Scott. 

John Glasbell, brother of Andrew, came to Fredericksburg long before the 
Revolution. He was a merchant of large transactions, having branch estab- 
lishments in Culpeper and Fauquier, and became very rich. He returned to 
Scotland before the Revolution. He married Helen Buchan, of the family of 
the Earl of Buchan. One of her sisters married an Erskine, and another Dal- 
housie and Lord Erskine and the Earl of Dal housie were her nephews. John 
Glassell'S only dausrhter, Johanna, married Lord Campbell who became 
Duke of Argyle, and the present Duke of Argyle'is her son. 


ROBEKT GREEN, son of William Green, an Englishman, emigrated from 
^ Ireland with his ancle, William DufT, a Quaker, to Virginia, and settled in 
Kin^ George county about the year, 1710. He was born in the year, 1695. He 
soon left his uncle and settled in what is now Culpeper county, near Brandy 
Station on the Southern Railway. He built his home near a large spring, 
which is on the road leading from Brandy Station to Rixeyville, and took up 
large tracts of land in what was, in 1712 Essex, in 1721 Spotsylvania, in 1735 
Orange, and in 1749 Culpeper. His father was an officer in the body guard of 
William, Prince of Orange. He died in 1748, his will and inventory of his es- 
tate being recorded in the Orange county Clerk's Office. He was member of 
the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1736, and was one of the first vestrymen of 
St. Mark's Parish. When a young man, he married Eleanor Dunn, of Scotland, 
and had seven sous, as follows. [Note : The names in parenthesis or brackets 
signify the line of descent. Thus Joseph Green, [ Francis, Wm.,Wm., Robt.] 
means that Joseph Green was the son of Francis, the grand son of William,the 
great grandson of the first William and the great great grandson of the first 

1. William, born in Essex county; m. Miss Coleman, of Caroline county; 
was vestryman of St. Mark's Parish from 1749 to his death in Culpeper county 
in 1770. H6 was called Colonel Green, probably from military service against 
the Indians. 

2. Robert, m Patty Ball, of Northumberland, and died in Culpeper. 

3. Duflf, m. 1st., Miss Thomas, 2nd., Anne Willis; he died in Culpeper about 
the beginning of the Revolution. His three youngest sons moved to Kentuc- 
ky about 1779, and afterwards carried out their mother and younger sister. 

4. John, m. Susanna Blackwell; was Colonel in the Revolution; succeeded 
William Green in the vestry of St. Mark^s Parish in 1770; was member of the 
House of Burgesses in 1709, and died in Culpeper in 1793. 

5. Nictiolas, m. Elizabeth Price, dau. of Ajola Price, of Orange, whose 
mother was a dau. of Capt. Wm. Barbour; died in what is now Madison coun- 
ty, and left many children, who moved to Kentucky. 

6. James, m. Elizabeth Jones, and died in Culpeper. 

7. Moses, m. Mary Blackwell, sister of Susanna, and died in Culpeper. 

William Green, (Robert), who m. Miss Coleman had children as follows: 

1. William, m. Eliza Green, dau. of Duff; died in Culpeper; his widow mov- 
ed to Kentucky, near Covington. 

2. Ellen, m. Peter Marye. 

3. Betsy, m. H. Camp. 

4. Mary or Anne, m. Geo. Thomas. 

5. Milly, m. Mr. Stringer. 

6. Lucy or Susan, m. Mr. Pinckard. 

7. Nancy, m. Jno. Poindexter. 

8. Francis Wyatt, m. Lucy Strother, dau. of Jos. Strother. They lived near 
^t-omiisville, Ky., but died in Breckenridge county of that State. 

OBKRT GREEN, (Robert), who m. Patty Ball, had 

1. William, m. Miss Blackwell, and moved to Woodford county, Ky. 

2. Armistead, m. Frances, dau. of Capt. Harry Pendleton, of Culpeper. 

3. Samnel B., m. Miss Blair of Port Royal, Va. 

4. Ellen, m. Aaron Lane, of Culpeper. 

5. Anne, m. Dr. Joel Gustin, of Pennsylvania, 
upp Green, (Robert), m. 1st. Miss Thomas, 2nd. Anne Willis, and had 



1. John, of famous memory. ** My Lord John " died a bachelor, possessed 
of much wealth ; he was Captain in the Revolution, and was badly wounded. 

2. Betsy, m. William, son of first William Green. 

3. Willis, m. 1783 Sarah Reed and moved to Ky., near Danville. He set- 
tled on a farm called " Waveland," which is still owned by his desoendauts. 

4. William, m. Miss Marshall, and moved to Lincoln county, Ky. 
6. Henry, died single. 

6. Ellen or Anne, m. Jno. Smith, and moved to Ky., had Jno., Henry and 
John Grben, (Robert), m. Susanna Blackwell, had : 

1. Wm., m. Lucy Williams ; was Capt. of the navy, and was lost at sea on 
the briff Defiance. 

2. John, killed at 18 in duel at Valley Porfare. 

5. Robert, m. Frances Edmonds, and died 1789. 

4. Moses, m. Fanny Richards. 

5. Thomas m. 1st Miss Miller ; 2nd Lucy Peyton, and moved to Christian 
county, Ky . 

Nicholas Grekn, (Robert), m. Elizabeth Price, and had : 

1. Robert, d. single. 

2. Jno., m. Jenny Hawkins. 

S. Wm. m. and moved to Tenn. and had William and others. 

4. Nicholas, left no children. 

5. Mary, m. Mr. Stevens. 

6. Lucy, d. single. 

7. Eleanor, m. Mr. Rankin. 

8. Joyce, m. Willis Ballance, and moved to Ky. Lived in Madison and 

Mercer counties. 

9. Chas., had seven sons and two daughters. 
James Green, (Robert), m. Elizabeth Jones and had : 

1. Gabriel, m. Miss Grant and moved to Green River, Ky. 

2. James, m. Betsy Jones. 

3. Jones, m. Miss Nevil, and moved to Hardy county, Va.,and had Nevil, 
Jones, Nancy, Mrs. Parsons, Mary and Betsy. 

4. Robt., m. Miss Edmunds, and had William, James, Thomas, Robert, 
Fanny, Ellen, Elizer, and Mrs. Cross. 

5. John, m. Miss Catlett. of Fauquier, and moved to Henderson, Ky. 

0. Dolly, m. Nimrod Farrow; no children. 

7. Elizabeth, m. R. W. Peacock, and had 4 children ; and died in England, 

8. Lucy, m. Noah G. Glascock, and moved to Mo. 

9. Polly, m. Mr. Catlett. 

10. Austin, m. Miss Ball ; lived and died in Hardin county, Ky. Some of 
his children went to Texas. 

Moses Greex, (Robert), m. Mary Blackwell, and had: 

1. Sarah, died single 

2. Eleanor, m. Gen. Jas. Williams. 

William Green, (Wm., Robert,) m. Eliza Green, and had, 

1. Wm., moved to Tenn. 

2. Jno. m. Mrs. Faulk, and lived in Campbell county, Ky.; his widow m. 
Mr. Vickers. 

8. Betsy, m. 1st. Mr. Craig, 2nd , 3rd. Mr. Magruder ; she d. a wid. 

in 1850, in Covington, Ky., leaving no children. 
Ellkx Green, (Wni., Robt.,), m. Peter Marye, and had, 
1* Wm. 2. Jas., and 2 daughters, who both m. a Gordon. 


Betsy Green, (Wm., Robt.,) m. H. Camp, and had Jas., Jno. G., Wyatt, 
and Betsy, who was married. 

Mary, or Anne Green, ( Wm., Robert), m. Geo. Thomas, and had Jas., a 
dau. m. Jas. Camp and 2 other m. daus. and 4 s. daus. 

Nancy Green, [Wm., Robt.], m. Jno. Poindexter, and had Wm. G. and 

Francis Wyatt Green, [Wm., Robt.] who m. Lncy Strother, had 

1. Robt. who went to N.O. in war of 1812 ; settled and died there leaving: a 
large family. 

2. Nancy, m. Mr. Bostwick- 

3. Jos., a soldier in battle of K. O. m. Susan dau. of Jno. Ball ; died 1852 
in Columbus, Ky. 

4. Thompson, m. Betsy Askins ; lived in Breckinridge county, Ky., no 

5. Francis, m. and left several children. 

6. Jno., m. Mary Holt ; lived in Indiana. 

7. Austin, m. and left 2 children in Perry county, Indiana. 

William Green, [Robt., Robt.,] m. MissBlackwell, had Robt., Jas., Wm. S., 
Lucy, m. Mr. Bourne, Susan, m. Mr. Neale, Kitty, m. Mr. Blackman, Betsy, m. 
Mr. Bourne, Celia, m., and others ; lived in Woodford connty, Ky. 

Armistead Green, [Robt., Robt.] m. Frances Pendleton,and had : Henry, 
Robt., Anne, m. Jno. Ferguson, Polly, m. Slaughter, Fanny,m. Mr. Campbell, 
Harriett, m. Mr. Cenard, Ellen, Caroline, and 

Edmund Pendleton, m. Martha Weems, and had Martha, who m. Francis 
W. Dickson, having Frank C, and Mattie Green, who m. Irwin Dugan 

Samuel B. Green, [Robt., Robt.] m. Miss Blair, of Port Royal, and had 
Samuel and Sally. 

Ellen GREEN,[Robt., Robt.], m. Aaron Lane, and had Robert ; Jas.; Jno.; 
Peggy B., m. Wm. Bell, and had Fontaine ; Polly, m. H. Latham ; Ellen, m. 
Mr. Crenshaw; Nancy, m. Mr. Whiting, having Jno., Ellen and Catherine ; 

William A. m. Eliza Green, dau. of James Green. 
Anne Green, [ Robt., Robt.], m. Dr. Joel Gustin, of Pennsylvania, and 
had Samuel G.; Theodosia, m; Ellen, m ; and Mary, who m. Daniel Remer. 
Willis Green, [DuflP, Robt.,] m. Sarah Reed, and had : 

1. Dr. Duff, major in war of 1812, died 1858, m. Miss Crecy, niece of Simon 

Kenton. Dr. Duff's children were: Dr. Willis Duff Green, m. and lived at Mt. 

Vernon, 111., having numerous children ; Judge Wm. H., of Cairo, 111., who m. 

2 sisters [Misses Hughes] and had 2 children ; and 2 daughters who m. and 

lived in III. 

2. Judge John, b. 1786, d". 1838, m. 1st. Sarah Fry, 2nd Mary Keith Marshall 
He was at the battle of the Thames in 1812. 

3. Letitia, m. Major Jas. Barbour an officer Of the war of 1812. 

4. ECliza, m. Dr. Ben. Edwards, bro. of Gov. Nimianand Judge Cyrus Ed- 
'v^a.rds ; lived at Kirk wood. Mo. 

5. Martha, m. Dr. William Craig ; home near Danville, Ky. 

6. Dr. Lewis Warner Green, Pres. of Centre College, Ky., m. 1st. Eliza J. 
Montgomery, 2nd. Mrs. Mary Lawrence Fry, and had Julia, who m. M. T. 
5eott, of Bloomington, 111., having two daus ; and Lettie, who m. Hon. A. E. 
Stevenson,, vice-president of the U. S., having 4 children. 

William Green, [Duff, Robt.] m. Miss Marshall, and had Willis, m. but 
^®tt no children ; Judge William M., m. Miss Stone, lived in Russell county, 
^y., and had dau. that m. Col. Spencer ; Gen. Duff, a prominent editor at 


Washington in Jackson^s day, who m. Lucretia, a sister otI)r. Benjamin Ed- 
wards ; Nancy m ; Betsy m. Mr. Baling ; £llen,m. Gen. Jas.Semple ; Sarah, m. 
Rev. Neale, a Presbyterian minister of Glasgow,Ky., and had several children. 

William Green, (Jno., Robert), m. Lucy Williams, and had one son, John 
W. Green, Judge of the Virginia Court of Appeals. 

RoBT. Green, (Jno., Robt.,), m. Prances' Edmunds, and had Robert, and 
Eliza who m. Robt. Payne, and moved to Nicholas Co., Ky. 

Moses Green, (Jno., Robert), m. Fanny Richards, and had 

1. Julia Amanda, who m. Bernard Peyton, having Jno. G., Susan, Eliza, T. 
Jefferson, Bernard, T. Green, M. Green, and Julia. 

2. Thomas, m. 1st, Miss Lyons, 2nd. Miss ^gchie, 3rd. Miss Lomax, and bad 
Mary Frances, who m. W. J. Stone, of Washington City; Isabella, who m. Mr. 
Ward; Emily, who married Mr. Legare; Thomas, and Bernard Peyton. 

3. William, m. Miss Saunders, and had Wm., who m. Miss Bagtop; Patty, 
who m. Col. Williamson; and Georgie. 

4. Archibald Magill, m. 2 sisters (Misses . Furnish) and had Moses; Rebec- 
ca, who m. Mr. Parr; Jno,, who m. Miss Lewis; and Fanny, who m. F. M. 

Thomas Green, (Jno., Robt.), m. 1st Miss Miller, 2nd. Lucy Peyton and had: 

1. Edward H., who m. 1st. Sarah Short, 2nd. Miss Ward, and had Bernard 
P., Anne, m. Wm. C. Green; Sarah; E. H., m. Anna Wilson, and had Jno. W.; 
Mary E. m. C. S. Robertson; William W., Arrie, Mattie; and Chas. Short, who 
m. Laura E. Kinchloe, having Jno. Rouzie, Clara C; C. S.; B. P., Grant, Thos., 
Laura Lee, Mary, Sallie, Wm. S., and Edward H. 

2. Anne Augusta, m. Edward Randolph, having Bathurst E., who m. Lizzie 
Glass; Dr. Thos. G., m. Anne Edgar. 

3. Lucy Williams, who m. 1st. Daniel Henry, 2nd. Jas. C. Moore, and had 
Lucy Ann« m. Jno Nelson; Mary Green, m. Geo. Champlin, a lawyer at Hop- 
kinsville, Ky.; Dr. Green, m. Kate Mansfield; Lucy W., m. Chas. Dade; Mattie 
P., Jonn C, and Gustavus H. 

4. Mary Peyton, who m. 1st. Thomas Edmunds, 2nd. Col. Wm. S. MflJIre, 
and had John T., m. Mollie Campbell; Jas. H.; Lucy Peyton, m. Eckstem Nor- 
ton, pres. of L. & N. R. R.; Lizzie MeA., m. Jno. D. Tyler; Wm. S.; Fannie Pey- 
ton; and Caroline Green. 

5. Jno. Rouzie, who m. Elizabeth Nelson, and had William, m. Miss Armis- 
tead; Wallace, m. Miss Somerville; Edward, m. Miss Hartman; Lucius, m. in 
California; Jno. R. m. Miss Phelps; Rosalie, m. Hunter Wood, of Hopkinsville, 
Ky.; Lizzie, m. Nicholas Edmunds; Robert; Anne, m. Wm. T. Townes; and 

6. Moses Thomas, who m. 1st. Caroline Venable, 2nd. Mary T. Moore, had 
Lucy P., m. Randolph Dade; Bettie, m. Bankhead •Dade; George, m. Lizzie 
Dade; Jno. R.; Thomas and Jas. W. 

EuzA Green, (Jno., Robert.), m. Jno. Hooe, of Fauquier county, and had 
no children. 
John Grken, (Nicholas, Robt.), m. Jenny Hawkins, and had: 

1. Benjamin, m. Becky Walker, and had Letitia; Lizzie, m. Mr. Evans; 
Morton, m. Mrs. Buckley; Coley; Nicholas; and John Willis, m. and had Benja- 
min, who m. Miss Parrent, and Sally,, who m. Mr. Notey. 

2. Willis, who m. Artemisia Lillard, of Owen county, Ky.; had John R., m. 
Hannah McClu re; David, m. Lizzie Sale, and had Mollie, Tin nie and Nanie: 
and Ann Mary, m. Ist. Ben. Spencer, 2nd. Line Sale. 

3. Hawkins, m. Jane Bulkly, and had Jno. W., who m. and had Fanny and 


. o4; Nicholas P>. of F|;anklj.p, X^ounty, Ky.» m. 1st. Mrs. Hawkins, 2nd. Mrs. 
Qaines, and h^Mq,f^|i9,, m. Jas. Thomas; Scott^ m. lYelen Ifeury; Ruth, ni. 
G-ep. G^reepHind '-^De^, f in^. C<^on M. Jones. .^ ^^,._ , 

'•^5.* Morton, Vho m. Eliza Spencer, and had Sallie, m. Robt. Payne, whose 
SOD, Jno. J., m. Ella Landrun ; Lizzie, m. 1st. Jno. McGinnis, 2nd. Geo. Clarke 
of Springfield, IlL; Jnoi m. Lida McGinnis ; . Susan, ,m. Dr. Austin. 

'Q.'ifLeftktiaL, m. Willis Roberts, Owen Co., Ky., and had Willis ; and Mary, 
wiio m. Charles Samuels in Mo. 

•i^7.' Betsy, m. Wm. Bower, and had John, in Mo.; Sue, m. Jas. Duncan ; 
Jane,' in; Jno. Roberts. 

8. Samuel, m. America Roberts, and had Mollie^ m. Jas. Suter ; Geo. m. 
Rtrth Green; and Wm. Joseph. /.- 

Joyce Grern, (Nicholas, Robt.) m. Willis Ballance, and had James L.; 
Eliza; C has., married, and lived at Peoria, 111., had Jenny who m.; and Pa 
tience, Judge Bryant of Peoria, lU. 

Gabriel GREEN,(Jas., Robt.) m. Miss Grant and had 

1. Jno., who m. Martha Dixon, and had, Henry Dixon, m. Misses Lam- 
bert and Swift, having Grant, a lawyer in Ark., John, Henry Allen, Mary, 
Joshua and Lambert ; 2. Grant, who m. Kate Averton, having Eliza, m. Geo. 
B. Alexander; Grant, m. Miss Gray; Walker, Kate and John ; 3. Jno. W., who 
m. Miss Randolph,"^ and bad Gertrude, m. Mr. Blake; Mattie m Mr. Willett, 
Mary, K-athaniel and Cornelia ; 4. Mary, who m. Mr. ^all and had Jos., Ben. 
and Chas. .^ < 

2. Hiehard, m. Betsie Henry,and had Gabriel, who m. ai^d had 2 or 3 sons. 

3. William,m. Miss Andrews,and had a dau. who m. Mr. Penji^rust ; William 
who m. Ann Green, of Hopkinsville« Ky.; and 2 other sons., ^ 

" 4. Gabriel, m. Mary Dixon and had Henry D., m. Sue Dixon, and^ left 2 
children: Anne m. Rev. W.G.Allen, leaving 2 children; and Gabrie/,. ,m. 
Miss Stinson, leaving, son and 2 daughters. 

5. Sallie, who m. Jno. Boyle, and had severa) children, incli^ding Dr. 
Hugh and Dr. Green, of Ky.; the rest lived in 111. , , 

6. Amelia, who m. Mr. Wilkins, and had dau. who m. Jno. ,W. Givens,, of 
Louisville, whose dau. m. Tnos. Sugg, of Webster county, Ky . . 

7. Judith, m. Wilkins. " ^ 

James Green, (Jas., Robt), m. Betsy Jones, and bad . > 

1. Eliza,who m.Wm. A. Lane,and had 1. James,m. Miss Norris; 2. Julia,- m. 
J. Jett, and had Lavinia, m. Mrv.,Witheroe, EUen, m. E. McCormick, Elvira, 
m. B. Taylor, Wm., m. Alice Hopper, Hannah, m. Atchison Pollock, James, 
and Faanie,m. James W. Green,of Rappahannock; 3. Eliza, m. 'Phillip Slaugh- 
ter,and had dau. who m. M. Slaughter ; 4. Jno.,m. Helen Berry,and had Helen, 
whojm. Rev. Johns, Wm. A., Harry B., and Lizzie; 5. Fanny, m. J. F. Scott, who 
had Fanny, m.iMr. Carter, Susan m. Rev. Clemens, and. William ; 6. Ellen, m. 
Q^eo. B. Scott ; 7. Elvira, who m. Monroe K^ilby, and had Ellen A., m. R. Car- 
miehael. Lane, Margaret, and Lizzie. 

2. J. Strother, who m. 1st. Miss Jett, 2nd. Mre. Jones,and had 1. John, who 
m. Miss Crabb, of La., and had Henry, m. Miss Crab, Jno. J., m. Miss 
Campbell, Mary, Fanny, Jenny Douglas, Alex. Barrows, Lizzie Payne, Thomas 
Hunt, DdUai Robert Bid win, Eleanor Estille, and Charles Augustine ; 2. Lizzie, 
m. Miller Payne; 8. Duflf,m. Miss Lane ; 4. Robert m. Mibs Douglas ; 5. Delia,m. 
Ben Crump ; 6. Fanny m. Dr. Crump ; 7. Chas., m. Jesbie A. Ford; 8. Anne, m. 
Richard Payne. 

.3. Jas., who m. Miss Shackleford, and had John Shack, m. Miss Taylor, of 


Norfolk; E. Gertrude m. Rev. R. S. Bell ; Margaret J., m. Andrew Aldridge ; 
Victorine S., m. Wm. M. Fuller ; Estelle St. Pierre, m. Chas. Lewis. 

4. Fanny, who m. Geo.M. Parsons,and had Elizabeth m. Geo. Brent,of Al- 
exandria, having Fannie, m. Robert Hunter ; Hughes, m. ilms Hntehin- 
8on; and Florence, married. 

5. Duff, who m. Miss Payne, and had Marian, m. John Porter ; MeDuff, 
m. Miss Howison ; Isabella, m. Wm. Lewis ; Jas. Lane, m. Miss Whittemore ; 
Charles, m. Miss Whittemore. 

6. Dolly, who m. Turner Ashby, and had James, m. Miss Moneure ; Gen. 
Turner Ashby, killed in battle; Dolly or Dora, m. P. Moneure ; Betty m. Geo. 
Green ; Mary, m. Geo. Moneure. 

7. Jones, who m. Miss Scott,of Fredericksburg, and had Rebecca, m. How-; 
ard Shackelford ; Betsy, m. Geo. Williamson ; James, m. Lina Hopper ; 'Fan- 
ny, m. Cassius Carter. 

8. Charles, who m. Ann Herndon, and had Elizabeth, m. P. St. George 
Ambler; and James William, m^ M. T. Jett. 

9. Mary, who m. Sam Bailey, and had Mary E., m. William Allen ; and 
James P. m. Ary Ward. 

10. Austin, who m. Miss Gordon, of Stafford. 

Jones Green, (Jas., Robt.) who m. Miss Neville, moved to Hardy county, 
Va., and had Nevil, Jones, Nancy, Mrs Parsons, Mary and Betsy. 

Robert Green, (Jas., Robt.), who m. Miss Edmunds, had . William, Jas. 
Thomas, Robt., Sarah, m. Mr. Cross, Fanny, Ellen and Eliza. 

John Green, (Jas., Robt.), m. Miss Catlett, of Fauquier, moved to Hender- 
son, Ky., and bad ^ , . 

1. Jno. C, m. Miss Ruggles, and died without issue. - t 

2. Hector, m. let. Louisa Ellen, widow of his bro. Jno. C.;2nd Miss Missouri 
Grant, and had Chas. Catlett, m. Maggie Bell ; David Simmons, m. 1st. Mary. 
Brown, who d. without issue, 2nd. Fannie G. Gunter ; Jno. Wm., m. Annie 
Amiss ; Nellie R., Winnifred, Maggie, Robt. H., Oria, Alexander and Harvey. 

3. Nathaniel Peter, m. Mary Anderson, and had Winnifred, m. Fred John- 
son ; Simion Catlett, m. Fannie Atkinson. 

Austin Green, ( Jas., Robt.), m. Miss Ball; lived and died in Hardin coun- 
ty, Ky., and had Dr. Austin; a dau. m. Mr. Powell; a dau. m. Mn Long; a dau. 
m. Mr. Snow; Jessee, and others, some of whom went to Texas. 

Eleanor Green, (Moses, Robt.), m<. Gen. James Williams, and had 

1. Wm. who m. Anne Stubblefield, and had, Jas., m. Rosalie Fitzhugh ; 
Geo. S. who went to Ky., Wm. m. MissPannill ; Ellen, m.,Ennis Adams; Anne, 
m. Dr. Alfred Taliaferro ; Fannie m. Jos. Pannill ; Sarah G., m. E. S. Taliar 
ferro; and Lucy A., m. Thos. Fitzhugh ; . 

2. Sally, m. Geo. French Strother, and had Jas. French, who m. Elizabetli 
Roberts, and had Geo. French, m. Miss Cary ; Jno. R., m.:.MiBS Payjie*;. 
Phillip W. m. Miss Pendleton ; Jas. French, m. Miss Botts ; Wm. H. and J. 
Hunt, killed in battle ; W. J., m. Miss Shackelford ; Louis Harvie and Saliie^ 

Elizabeth Green, ( Jno., Wm., Wm., Robt.) m. Thomas Jones, sheriff^ 
Campbell county, Ky. » . 

Nannie GREEN,(Jno., Wm., Wm., Robt.), m. Mr. Thomas, of Cincinnati's^ 
and had a dau. who m. W. D. Frazer, of Mason county, Ky.; also had a son. 

Jno. a. GREEN,(Jno., Wm., Wm., Robt.), lived in Lexington, Kentucky. 

Joseph Grern, (Francis, Wm., Wm., Robt.), -m Susan Ball, and had 
1. Dr. Noi'vin Greea, president of the Western Union Telegraph Co., who 
m. Martha English, And had Susy-Thornton ; Jas. Olive, m,. Amy . Hewitt, o^ 


New York City ; Pinckney Frank, m. Carrie Conant, of Brook]yn ; Jno. En- 
glish, m. Annie Lindenberger ; and Warren, m. Blanche Smith. 

2. Neville, m. M. J. Morris. 

3. Thornton, who m. Mathilda Stewart, of Carroll county, Ky., and had 
Daniel, m. Minnie Todd ; Joseph moved to Oregon ; Norvin m. Ida Stratton ; 
and Mollie, m. Will Erwin. 

William A. Lank, (Ellen, Robt., Robt.,) m. Eliza Green, and had 

1. Jas. m. Miss Morris. 

2. Julia, m. Jas. Jett, and had Jno., m. Belle Roberts ; Lavinia, m. Mr. 
Witheroe ; Ellen, m. E. McCormick ; Elvira, m. B. Taylor ; Wm., m. Alice 
Hopper ; Hannah, m. Atchison Pollock ; and Fannie, m. Jas. W. Green. 

3. Eliza, who m. Phillip Slaughter, had Eliza, who m. Montgomery Slaugh- 

4. John m. Helen Berry, and had, Helen m. Rev, Authur Jones ; Wm. A. 
H. B.,and Lizzie; 

5. Fanny, m. J. F. Scott, and had Betty J.; Fanny, m. Mr. Carter; Susan, 
m. Rev. Clemons ; 

6. Ellen, m. Geo. B. Scott. 

7. Elvira, m. Monroe Kilby, and had Ellen A., who m. R. Carmichael ; 
Lane, Margaret and Lizzie. 

Judge John GREKN,(Willi8, DufT, Robt.), m. Sarah Reed and had 
1. Dr. Willis, m. Louisa Smith. 

3. Peachy, who m. Rev. R. A. John8tone,of Danville,Ky.; and had Mary,m. 
Mr. Hogutt; Alice,and Dr. Arthur. 

3. Sarah Reed, who m. Jno. Barkley, and had Jno. G., of Danville, Ky.; 
Mary, m. Rev. W. R. Brown, near Chicago ; Jessamine, m. E. W. C. Hum- 
phreys, of Louisville ; Martha, m. W. L. Green, Jr., of Peoria, HI.; Ada, m. 
Nat Lafox, of Harrodsburg, Ky.; and Wm. Craig, of Louisville. 

4. Rev. Joshua Fry, m. Harriet Booker ; died in Memphis ; had Louisa, 
Sallie and William, who lived in Little Rock. 

5. Susan who m. Jas. Weir, of Owensboro, Ky., had Jno. G., m. Lizzie 
Griffith; Belle, m. Clinton Griffith ; Authur, Jas., Susan, and Dora. 

6. Rev. Wm. L., who m. Susan Weir, had Wm. L., m. Martha Barkeley, of 

7. Thos. M., m., 1st. Nannie Butler, 2nd. Pattie Craig, and had Jno. Allen, 
Bessie Logan, Pierce Butler, Lettie Craig, Wm. O. Butler, Mary Keith, Pattie 
Craig and Nannie Thomas. 

8. Jno. Duff, who m. Ida Triplett of St. Louis. 

Letitia Green, (Willis, Duff, Robert), m. Maj. James Barbour, and had 

1. Catherine, who m. J. Wesley Vick, of Vicksburg, and had Kate, Mar- 
tha, Nannie, Amanda and Neville. 

2. James, who m. Elizabeth Foster, of Maysville, Ky., had Jas. F. m. Eliz- 
abeth Taylor; and Rey. John Green Foster, a Presbyterian minister in Gill- 
iiey county, Ky. 

3. Martha, who m. Rev. B. M. Hobson, had Barbour and Lewis Green. 

4. Rev. Lewis G., who m. Elizabeth Ford, of Richmond, Ky., and had sev- 
eral children. 

Eliza Green, (Willis, Duff, Robt.,) m. Dr. Ben Edwards, and had 
1. and 2. Sarah and Julia, who both m. Col. Lewis Parsons. 
8. Ellen, m. M. Whitaker and had son. Edward. 

4. Peachy, m. Mr. Ostcone. 

5. Martha, m. Dr. Todd, of Lexington, Mo. 


6. Rev. WiJlis G., professor in St. Louis medical college. 

7. Ben, nf. Miss Midge, and died in Texas. 

8. Presley, m. Miss Tunstall, of Illinois. 

9. Frank, m. and left widow and child in St. Louis. 

10. Cyrus, lived in Texas- ' 

Martha Grken (Willis, Duff, Robt.), m. Dr. Wm. Craig, and had 

1. Eliza J. 

2. Jno. J., m. Amanda Goodloe, and had Alma, Lettie and Bettie. 

3. Rev. Willis G., m. Amelia Owsley of Keokuk, 111., and had 7 children. 

4. Lettie B., m. Dr. Geo. Cowen, and had son, Harry. 

5. Pattie E., m. Thos. M. Green, of Maysville,Ky. 

General Duff Green (Wm., Duff, Robt.), m. Lucretia Edwards, and had 
1. Laura, m. Shelby Reed, having 4 sons and 2 daughters; 2. Margaret, m. An- 
drew Calhoun, having 7 sons and 2 daughters; 3. Benjamin, ra. Lizzie Waters, 
of Dalton, Ga.; 4. Lizzie, m. Dr. Bivings; 5. Mary,m. Mr. Maynard, having Con- 
stance, who m. Mr. Dixon, and 7 other children; 6. Duff, m. Miss Pickens, hav- 
ing Duff, Lizzie and Floride; 7. Jessie; 8 Constance, and 9. Florine. 

Judge Jxo. W. Green, (Wm., Jno., Robt.), m. 1st. Mary Browne, by whom 
he had 

1. Wm., who m. Columbia Slaughter, and had John, killed in battle; and 
Bettie, m. Jas. Hayes, of Richmond, having 2 sons and several daughters. 

2. Raleign B., died single. 

3. Dr. Daniel S., U. S. A., m. Virginia Slaughter, and had Dr. William, of 
Baltimore; Samuel S., of Charleston, W. Va.; and Mollie, m. Richard Morton, 
of Baltimore, having one daughter and several sons. 

Judge J. W. G., m. 2nd. Millian Cooke, a granddaughter of Geo. Mason, of 
Gunston Hall, by whom he bad. 

1. Jno. Cooke, m. Lucy Morton, and had two daughters, Bessie, m. Jno. 
Ambler Brooke; and Cooke. 

2. Thos. Claiborne, Judge of the West Virginia Court of Appeals, m. Mary 
Naylor McDonald, and had Claiborne, m. Miss Harris; Annie, m. Jno. Porter- 
field; Flora, m. Kruger Smith; Kate,m. Jno. Lattimer; and Elizabeth Travers, 
m. Dr. Perry. 

3. George, m. Bettie Ashby, and had a number of children, one of whom* 
Dora, m. G. M. Wallace, of Stafford county. 

4. James Williams, m. Anne Sanford McDonald, and had Angus McDonald, 
m. Miss Taylor; Mary Mason, m. J. R. Norris; Leacy Naylor, m. J. M. Leaeb; 
Nancy Craig, m. Dr. W. W. Grant, of Denver; James Williams., m. Mamie HiU» 
of S. C; Sue McDonald, m. Franklin Stearns; John Williams; and Raleigh 

5. Lucy Williams, died single. 

[The Green genealogy has been revised and added to by the publisher o^ 
this book, from reliable data in his possession, the work being done in Deceit^' 
ber, 1800.] 


CoLOXKL John Greex (4th. son of the first Robert), was born in Culpep^^ 
county about 1730. He m. Susanna Blackwell; was chosen collector of St> 
Mark's Parish 1761; made churchwarden with his brother Robert in 1764. I^ 
1776 Richard Yancey was chosen vestryman **in place of John Green, in Coim 
tinental service." Colonel Green entered the military service of Virginia aa^ 
Captain 1 St. Va. Bat., Sept. 4, 1775. When his command was mustered int^ 
the Continental JJne, he was re-elected Capt., Jan. 20, 1776, at which time lw~* 


was under the command of Gen. Andrew Lewis at Williamsburg. In the fall 
of that year he served under Washington in New York; was engaged with his 
troops at Mamaroneck in the attack on Major Roberts of the British Army, 
Oct., 21, 1776, when he was wounded in the shoulder. 

**A detachment of our men under Col. Hay let surprised Major Rogers and 
his regiment at Marinack last night. * * * We have two men killed and 
twelve wounded, among them Major Greene, of the 1st. Va. Reg't., an oificer 
of great merit." (Force.) Col. Tench Tilghman, in his report of the action, 
says: *^Gen. Washington detached Major Green, of Va., with 150 men of the 
1st. and 8rd. Va. Reg'ts., and Colonel Haslet, of Del., with 600 men to support 
them. * * * We had 12 wounded, among them Major Green, in the shoul- 
der." (Force.) In 1777 (Carrington says) **a portion of Greene's Va. Reg't. 
joined the garrison at Fort MifQin," and took part in the gallant defence of 
that post. Col. Green was promoted by Congress. Jan. 26, 1778, to be colonel 
of the 6th. Va. Reg't., with which command he acted with conspicuous brave- 
ry at Brandywine and Monmouth. At Gilford C. H., he covered the retreat of 
Gen. Greene, but to his own personal dissatisfaction. When Gen. Greene de- 
cided that his safety lay in withdrawing his troops from action, **Col. Greene 
of Va., was ordered to withdraw his regiment from the line, and to take a po- 
sition at some distance in the rear, for the purpose of affording a rallying point 
to the fugitives, and of covering the retreat of the two regiments which con- 
tinued in the field." (Marshall, IV. 431.) Gen. Lee, in his memoirs, describing 
the battle, says: "Colonel Green, one of the bravest of brave soldiers, with his 
regiment of Virginians, was driven off without having tasted of battle, and or- 
dered to a given point in the rear for the security of this movement (the re- 
treat), which was performed deliberately under cover of Col. Green." 

Col. Green was much dissatisfied with the General's selection of his regi- 
ment for this service - though esteemed among the most honorable — so anxious 
was the veteran officer to be led at once into keen conflict. When it was an- 
nounced upon the first of the retreat that the British were close advancing he 
became better humored, but soon the pursuit was discontinued, and his sour- 
ness returned. His friends would often console him by stating his selection as 
an evidence of the confidence reposed in him as a soldier. This would not sat- 
isfy the Colonel, who never failed to reply that he did not like such sort of dis- 
tinction; and he hoped the Gen. would upon the next occasion attach to some 
other regiment the honor of covering his retreat. Getting to the General's ears 
he took the first opportunity of telling the Colonel, whom he much esteemed 
and respected, that he had heard he did not relish the part assigned to his 
regiment the other day. "No, that I did not," replied the old Colonel. "Well," 
rejoined Greene, "be patient, you shall have the first show the next time." 
This delighted him,and he always reckoned upon the promised boon with pleas- 
ure. — [The publishers are indebted to Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden's "Virginia 
Genealogies" for the above information relative to Col. Green's service in the 
war of the Revolution.] 

Colonel Green's sons were William, m. Lucy Clayton Williams; John, 
killed at Valley Forge in a duel; Robert, m. Frances Edmunds; Moses m. Fan- 
ny Richards; Thomas, m. 1st. Miss Miller, 2nd. Lucy Peyton. 

There has been a continuous succession of vestrymen in this family, from 
Robert of 1731, who was a member -of the House of Burgesses, to Major J. W. 
Green, late a leading member of the Culpeper bar. 



The Lightfoots were among the early colonists in Virginia. They seem 
to have settled originally in Gloucester and James City when the latter em- 
braced what is now Charles City County. Colonel Philip Lightfoot was a ves- 
tryman of Petsworth Parish as early as 1683. By his last will he devised his 
lands to his eldest son Francis, remainder to his son Philip. Franoiw devised 
his lands to his daughter Elizabeth, who married Peter Randolph of Henrico ; 
remainder to his brother Philip Lightfoot. The entail was docked by the 
House of Burgesses in 1740, and by agreement between the parties these lands 
were vested in Philip Lightfoot. 

The present writer remembers to have seen^at Sandy Point in Charles City 
when it was owned and occupied by Col. Robt. B. Boiling, divers portraits of 
the old Lightfoots. There were three William Lightfoots in succession at 
Sandy Point, and their tombs are still there. The first died in 1727, the sec- 
ond in 1809, and the third in 1810. We have in our possession now a copy of 
Bayle8\folio dictionary, in ten volumes, with the name and coat-of-arms of 
William Lightfoot Tedington on each volume. Tedington was one of the 
four farms which composed the splendid estate of Sandy Point, between the 
James and Chickahominv Rivers. Three of these farms were inherited Iby 

Miss Minge (Mrs. Robert B. Boiling), and the fourth was added by Mr. Boiling. 


There is a family of Lightfoots at Port Royal, Caroline^ represented by the 
late Philip Lightfoot and his sons, Lewis Lightfoot and his brother John. 

In 1720 we find the name of Major Goodrich Lightfoot as a member of the 
vestry of St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania, when that parish and county em- 
braced what was afterwards the parish of St. Mark's and county of Culpeper. 
He was one of the lay readers at the Germanna Church, and he and Robert 
Slaughter were appointed to count all the tobacco pJants from the mouth of 
the Rapidan to the mouth of Mountain Run,and up Mountain Run and ac;*oss 
to the mouth of the Robinson River, in obedience to an Act of the Assembly 
limiting the number of plants to be cultivated by each planter. 

At the organization of St. Mark's Parish, at Germanna in 1781, he was cho- 
sen a member of the first vestry by the freeholders and housekeepers of St. 
Mark's, his home being within the limits of the new parish. He served as ves- 
tryman and churchwarden till his death in 1738, and was succeeded by Cap- 
tain Goodrich Lightfoot in 1741, who served till his removal from the parish 
in 1771. William Lightfoot was also a vestryman from 1762 to 1758, when he 
moved out of its bounds to the parish of BromfieJd, which had been cut oflf 
from St. Mark's in 1752. William, we think, was the father of Goodrich, who 
married the daughter of the Rev. Henry Fry, who lived in the fork of Crooked 
Run and the Robinson River. Goodrich Lightfoot lived opposite to the pres- 
ent home of George Clark, Esq., on the Robinson River. He was the brother 
of the late Major Philip Lightfoot of the Culpeper bar, and of Walker Light- 
foot (clerk), and he was the father of Frank Lightfoot, clerk 
of Culpeper, who married Miss Fielder (father of Col. Charles 
E. Lightfoot), and of Edward, of Madison, who married Miss Con- 
ner, and is the father of Virginia; and John, who married Miss. Turner, the 
granddaughter of Major Jphn Roberts of the Revolution, whose wife was the 
daughter of the old vestryman Captain Robert Pollard. 

From the names of Philip, John, and William, which were common to 
these several branches of the Lightfoots, the presumption is that they sprang 
from the same stock. 



From the record of James Madison, Sr., the father of the President, and 
rrom the record of James Madison, Jr., the President. 

The first of the name in Virginia, John Madison patented land in Gloucester 
county, in 1653. His son John was the father ol Ambrose, who man*ied Fran- 
ces, daughter of James Taylor, Aug. 29th, 1721. Their son, James Madison, Sr., 
was married to Nelly, daughter of Francis Conway of Caroline, Sept. 13th, 
1749. James Madison, Jr., (the President) was born at Port Conway at 12 
o'clock (midnight) 6th March, 1751, was baptized by Rev. Wm. Davis, March 
31st, and had for godfathers John Moore and Jonathan Gibson, and , for god- 
mothers Mrs. Rebecca Moore and Misses Judith and Elizabeth Catlett. Fran- 
ces, daughter of James, Sr., bom June 18th, 1753, baptized by the Rev. Mungo 
Marshall, July Slst; godfathers, Richard Beale and Erasmus Taylor; godmoth- 
ers, Miss Milly Taylor and Mrs Frances Beale. Ambrose, son of James, Sr!, 
born Jan. 27th, 1756, baptized by Rev. Mr. Marshall, March 2d; godfathers, 
James Coleman and George Taylor; godmothers, Mrs. Jane Taylor and Alice 
Chew. Catlett, son of James Sr., born Feb. 10th, 1758, baptized by Rev. Jas. 
Maury, Feb. 22d; godfathers, Col. Wm. Taliaferro and Richard Beale; god- 
mothers, Mrs. E. Beale and Miss Milly Chew. Nelly, daughter of James, Sr., 
(Mrs. Hite) born Feb. 14th, 1760, baptized March 6th by Rev. Wm. Giberne; 
godfathers, Larkin Chew and Wm. Moore; godmothers. Miss E. Catlett and 
Miss C. Bowie. William Madison born May 1st, 1762, baptized May 23d by Rev. 
James Marye, Jr.; godfathers, William Moore and Jas. Taylor; godmothers, 
Miss Mary Willis and Miss Milly Chew. Sarah (Mrs. Thomas Macon), born 
Aug 17th, 1764, baptized Sept. 15th, by Rev. James Marye; godfathers Capt. R. 
J. Barbour and Andrew Shepherd; godmothers, Mrs. Sarah Taylor and Miss 
Mary Conway. Elizabeth Madison born Feb. 19th, 1768, baptized Feb. 22d by 
Rev. Thomas Martin; godfathers. Major T. Burnley and Ambrose Powell; god- 
mothers. Miss Alice and Miss Nelly Chew. Reuben Madison born Sept. 19th, 
1771, baptized Nov. 10th by Rev. Mr. Barnett; godfathers, Francis Barbour and 
James Chew; godmothers, Alice and Nelly Chew. Francis Taylor Madison 
I Mrs. Dr. Robert Rose) bom Oct 9th, 1774, baptized Oct. 30th by Rev. Mr. 
Wingate; godfathers, Thos. Bell and Richard Taylor; godmothers Miss Frances 
and Miss Elizabeth Taylor. Here the old family record closes. It is a model 
record, which others would do well to imitate. In it we have the succession 
of the ministers of the parish, Wingate being the last of the colonial clergy. 
James Madison, Jr., was chairman of the Committee of Public Safety and an 
active vestryman. 

The living representatives of James Madison.Sr., so tar as is known by tlie 
writer, are: 

1. The oldest child (Nelly) of Ambrose, eldest son of James Madison, Sr. 
married Dr. Willis and their living descendants are Col. John Willis of Orange 
and his children. 

2. Of General William Madison, 2nd brother of James Madison Jr., (Presi- 
dent) the living descendants are Wm. Madison and children of Texas, Dr. Jas 
Madison of Orange, and the children of Col. John Willis through their mother; 
the wife and children of Wm. P. Dvabney of Powhatan; the children of Robert 
Marye; the wife and children of Dorsey Taliaferro of Texas ; the children of 
Major John H. Lee by his second wife Fanny, daughter of Lewis Willis and 
Eliza Madison; Dr. Robert Madison (the son of Robert) and his children, Vir- 
ginia Military Institute; the children of Daniel F. Slaughter by his first wife, 
Letitia Madison; and the children of Dr. Thomas T. Slaughter by his first wife. 


Of Frank, third brother of the President, the representatives are the chil- 
dren of Alexander and Thompson Shepherd. 

The eldest sister of the President, Nelly (Mrs. Hite), left a son and daugh- 
ter. Her son Madison Hite, left two sons and a daughter (Mrs. Baker), all be- 
lieved to be living. Her daughter Nelly married Dr. Baldwin. Miss Baldwin, 
the untiring Missionary in Greece, and now at Joppa, is the illustrious oif- 
spring of this marriage. 

The second sister of the President, Sarah, married Thomas Macon. Of a 
number of children of this marriage, two only left issue. 1. Conway Macon 
left a son and three daughters. The son, who was killed at Manassas, left an 
only son, Edgar, now living. Conway Macon^s daughter married Washington, 
Cave and Smith; the first and last of whom are living and have several chil- 
dren. 2. James Madison Macon's daughters, Mrs. Hite and Mrs. Knox. There 
was also a Thomas Macon, Jr., and that mother in Israel, the late Mrs. Reuben 
Conway, was a daughter of Thomas Macon, Sr., and Sarah Madison. 

The youngest sister of the Prebident, Fanny, married Dr. Robert Rose and 
they emigrated to Tennessee about 1822 or '23 with children, Ambrose, Hugh, 
James, Robert, Erasmus, Henry, Sam, Nelly, Frances and Mary. Of these, 
Dr. Erasmus Rose, if living, is a resident of Memphis. 

James Madison, Sr., the zealous old vestryman, had a habit of making 
short sketches of sermons he heard. Col. John Willis had some of them. His 
great son, the President, left among his papers comments on the Gospels and 
the Acts of the Apostles. Among these are the following: — "Christ's Divinity 
appears in St. John, ch. xx. v. 28.'' On the words of Christ to St. Paul, "Arise 
and go into the city, and it shall be told tnee what thou shalt do,'' his com- 
ment is, "It is not the talking,but the walkins^ and working person that is the 
true Christian.'* It was he that furnished a list of theological authors for the 
Library of the University of Virginia. There are doubtless other descendants 
of James Madi8on,Sr.,but the author of this notice is unable to trace the line 
of their connection with him. 


Alexander Spotswood, Governor of Virginia, and Ann Butler his wife, had 
four children. 

1. John m. (1745) Mary dau., of Wm. Dandridge of the British Navy, ch. 1. 
Alexander, General in the army of the Revolution, who m. Elizabeth dau. of 
Gen. Wm. Augustine Washington and niece of Gen. George Washington; their 
ch. were 1. John, Capt. in the American Revolution, wounded at Brandywine, 
2. George W., 3. WiUiam, 4. Elizabeth (Mrs. Page), 5. Mary (Mrs. Brooke), 6. 
Ann (Mrs. Taliaferro), 7. Henrietta (Mrs. Taliaferro), 8. Martha. Capt. John m. 
Sally Rowzie, ch. Mary, John, Susan, Robert, Dandridge, Norborne, Berkely, 
Lucy and Ann. 

Ann Catherine, dau. of the Governor, m. Bernard Moore, of Chelsea, King 
William Co., ch. Augustine m. Sarah Rind and their dau. m. Carter Braxton; 
Bernard Moore, Jr., m. Lucy Ann Lieper, of Philadelphia, their ch. were An- 
drew, Thomas, Elizabeth and Lucy. Elizabeth, dau. of Bernard Moore, Sr., 
m. John Walker, of Belvoir, Albemarle Co , ch. Mildred m. Francis Kinlocb, 
M. C, of South Carolina, and their ch. Eliza m. Judge Hugh Nelson, of Belvoir. 
(The tradition is that when Conj^ress was sitting at Philadelphia, Francis 
Kinloch met Mildred Walker on the street as she was returning from her hair- 
dresser, and fell in love with her at first sight and afterwards married her.) 

Ann Butler Moore dau. of Bernard Moore, Sr., m. Charles Carter, of Shir- 
ley, ch. 1. Robt. m. Mary Nelson, of York, 2. Ann Hill m. Gen. Henry Lee{hi» 


second wife), oh. 1. Charles Carter, 2. Robert Edward (the great Confederate 
l^neral, 8. Captain Sidney, U. S. and C. 8. Navy, 4. Ann, 5. Mildred. Bernard 
Bfoore Carter, son of Charles Carter of Shirley and Anne Butler Moore, m. Lu- 
5y dau. of Governor Henry Lee and Matilda (his first wife). Catherine Spots- 
nrood Carter, m. Carter Berkley, eh. Elizabeth, Edmund and Farley. Wil- 
liams Carter m. Charlotte Foushee. Lucy Carter m. Nat Burwell, of Roanoke, 

Dorothea Spotswood dau. of the Governor, m. Captain Nat West Dand- 
ridge of the British Navy, eh. 1. John m. Miss Goode, 2. Robert in. Miss Allen, 
3. William m. Miss Boiling, 4. Natm. Miss Watson, 5. Mary m. Woodson Payne, 
S. another daughter m. Archy Payne, 7. another m. Philip Payne, 8. Anna m. 
John Spotswood Moore, 9. Dorothea m. Patrick Henry, the orator (see Henry 

i'oT other branches of this family see Spotswood genealogy by Charles 
Campbell, the historian, a descendant of Gov. Spotswood. 

The Preliminaries Of Marriage In ante-Revolutionary Times. 

The following correspondence will show how courtships were conducted 
by our forefathers. The patriarchal authority was recognized, and young 
folks did not make love until the preliminaries were arranged by their fathers. 
We are indebted to Mr.K. Nel8on,a lineal descendant of the parties, for the or- 
iginal letters; as the old folks have been dead for more than a hundred years, 
we presume no one's delicacy will be offended by the exposition of these illus- 
trations of a past age. In the foregoing Spotswood genealogy will be found 
bhe relations of the parties to the past and present generations. 

May 27th, 1764. 

Dear Sir:— My son, Mr. John Walker, having informed me of his inten- 
tion to pay his addresses to your daughter Elizabeth, if he should be agreea- 
ble to yourself, lady and daughter, it may not be amiss to inform you what 1 
think myself able to afford for their support, in case of an union. My affairs in an uncertain state; but I will promise one thousand pounds, to be paid 
in the year 1765, and one thousand pounds to be paid in the year 1766; and'the 
further sum of two thousand pounds I promise to give him, but the uncertain- 
ty of my present affairs prevents my fixing on a time of payment: — the above 
sums are all to be in money or lands and other effects at the option of my said 
5on, John Walker 

• I am, Sir, vour humble servant, 

CoL. Bernard Moore, FJsq., 

in King William. 

28th May, 1764. 
Dear Sir: — Your son, Mr. John Walker, applied to me for leave to make 
bis addresses to my daughter Elizabeth. I gave him leave, and told him at 
the same time that my affairs were in such a state that it was not in my pow- 
er to pay him all the money this year that I intended to give my daughter, 
provided he succeeded; but would give him five hundred pounds next spring, 
and five hundred pounds more as soon as I could raise or get the money; 
which sums, you may depend, I will most punctually pay to him. 

I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 



The official history of Mr. Stevenson is given in the body of this work. He 
m. Fanny Littlepage, a sister of Gfen. Lewis Littlepage, whose brief and bril- 
liant career is delineated in this volume. He had nine children, viz: — James, 
Edward, Nancy, Jane, Sarah, Carter, Lewis, Robert and Andrew. 1. James (M. 
D.) died in New Orleans, 2. Sarah m. Rev. John Woodville, of • St. Mark's, 3. 


Edward was lost at sea, 4. Jane was lost in the burning of the theatre at Rieh- 
mond (in 1811), 5. Nancy never married, 6. Robert m. Miss Towles and lived in 
Lewisburg, Ya.; eh. Robert, James, Charles and Fanny Littlepage. 7. An- 
drew Stevenson (Speaker of Congress and Minister to England) m. first Miss 
White, daughter of a clergyman of South Carolina. The Hon. John White 
Stevenson, late Governor of Kentucky and Senator of the U. S., is their son. 
Governor Stevenson m. Miss Winston. Hon. Andrew Stevenson m. second 
Sarah, daughter of John Coles and Miss Tucker, and their only child, a daugh- 
ter, died young. Hon. Andrew Stevenson m. third Mary Shaaf of Georgetown, 
D. C. Lewis Stevenson, brother of Andrew, m. Miss Herndon; issue, James; 
William, and Fanny, who m. Dr. Wellford. Carter Stevenson m. Miss J&ne 
Herndon; issue, Fanny Arnotte (Mrs. Thompson Tyler), Isabella m. Mr. Carter, 
Jr. (General C. S. A.), Byrd, and Sally. 


The root of this family in Virginia was James Taylor, who, coming from 
Carlisle in England, settled on the Chesapeake Bay, and died in 1698. His 
daughter Mary m. first Henry Pendleton (see Pendleton genealogy,) m. second 
Edward Watkins. His son John m. Catharine Pendleton, and was the father 
of 1. Edmund m. Anne Lewis, 2. of John who m. Miss Lyne, 3. of James who 
m. Anne Pollard, 4. of Philip, who m. Mary Walker, 5. of William who m. Miss 
Anderson, 6. of Joseph, who m. Frances Anderson, 7. of Mary, who m. Mr. 
Penn, 8. of Catharine, who m. Penn, 9. of Isabella, who m. Samuel, father of 
the late Gen. Samuel Hopkins,of Henderson, Ky., 10. of Elizabeth, who m. first 
Mr. Lewis, m. second Mr. Bullock. 

James, son of 1st James, m. Martha Thompson; issue, 1. Zachary m. Eliza- 
beth Lee, and their son Zachary m. Alice Chew, 3. Richard m. Sarah Strother, 
and was the father of Gen. Zachary Taylor (President), whose daughter Sarah 
Knox m. Jefferson Davis (President C. S.) The present Gen. Dick Taylor is a 
son of the President. Another son of James 2d, George, m. Rachael Gibson 
and had many sons, seven of whom were Revolutionary officers; G^eorge was 
the ancestor of many Kentuckians, among whom Dr. Frank Taylor, Major 
Wm. Taylor, and Edward M. Taylor of Oldham C^punty, Samuel Taylor of 
Clark County, and Dr. Gibson Taylor of Union. Another son of James 2d, 
Charles, m. Sarah Conway, and was the father of Harriet, who m. Catlett Con- 
way; another daughter, Matilda, m. William Moore, and another, Evelina, m. 
George Morton. Erasmus, son of James 2d, m. Jane Moore, and I. their dau. 
Milly m. William Morton, uncle of Hon. Jere. and Dr. George Morton. 2. 
Frances m. Garland Burnley, 8. Elizabeth m. Andrew Glassell (see Glassell 
genealogy), 4. Lucy m. Rev. Alex. Balmain, 5. John m. Ann Gilbert, 6. Jane m. 
C. P. Howard, 7. Robert m Frances Pendleton; issue 1. Robert m. Mary Tay- 
lor, 2. Milly m. Hay Taliaferro, father of Jaquelin, of Dr. Edmund and Mrs. B. 
Stanard. 3. Lucinda m. James Shepherd, 4. Jaquelin P. m. Martha Richard- 
son, «5. Jane m. John Hart, 6. Dr. Edmund m. Mildred Turner; issue, 1. Eliza- 
beth m. Rev. Joseph Earnest, late Rector of St. Thomas Parish, 2*. Robenette 
m. Dr. Thomas Reeveley, 3. Edmouia, 4. Lucy Jane (deceased), 5. Erasmus m. 
Miss Ashby. 

Alexander, son of 1st Robert m. Mildred C. Lindsay, and their daughter 
Sally m. Col. John M. Patton. 

Frances, daughter of James 2d, m. Ambrose Madison (see MadisoQ ineneal- 
ogy), Martha m. Chew, Tabitha m. Wild, Hannah m. Battaile, MiU^ ■!. & 

James, son of James and grandson of James 1st, m. Alice Thornton, and 

their son James m. first. Ann Hubbard, m. second Sarah Taliaferro, in. third 
Sliza Conway and had a numerous posterity, . among whom are Capt. Robert 
Taliaferro of LouisTille, Ky., and others. 

Major Frank Taylor, from whose diary we have quoted so lengthily in this 
volume m. Ann Craddock; issue, James, Thornton, ^^obert, Elizabeth, Sutton 
and Francis Craddock. 


Richmond, Virginia, September Slst, 1876. 
Mrs. Daniel Slaughter. 

Dear Madam:— I have been informed that your maiden name was Winston, 
and that you have a family tree. As I am very anxious to learn accurately 
the Winston ancestry of my grandfather, Patrick Henry, I trust j^ou will par- 
don me for asking a copy of the tree, or if it is a very large one, of that part 
which relates to his ancestry. 

1 am, very respectfully, 

Wm. Wirt Henry. 

CrLPKPKR, Virginia, October 10th, 1876. 
Dear Sir: 

My sister, Mrs. Daniel Slauorhter, has requested me to acknowledge the re- 
ceipt of your letter of the 21st ultimo, and to answer it. The account of the 
Winston family in our possession was written for the satisfaction of her own 
family by my grandmother, whose maiden name was Lucy Coles, a grand- 
daughter of Isaac Winston the emigrant; and she married her cousin Isaac 
Winston, a grandson of the same emigrant. I will compile a genealogy of the 
family from my grandmother's record, and from information of a later date 
derived from other sources. I have compared her record with the old wills, 
also in our possession, and I find it correct for two generation^. 

Isaac Winston, the most remote ancestor of that name that I can trace 
back to, was born in Yorkshire England, in 1620. A grandson of his pursued 
his fortunes in Wales, where he had a large family. Three of his sons emi- 
grated to America^ and settled near Richmond, Virginia, in 1704. Their names 
were William, Isaac and James. It is the genealogy of the descendants of 
Isaac, the second of these brothers, that ray grandmother has written. 

Isaac Winston the emigrant, married Mary Dabney, and died in Hanover 
County in 1760, leaving six children, William, Isaac, Anthony, Lucy, Mary 
Ann, and Sarah. I do not mention them in the order of their births; on the 
contrary, I think Sarah, the last mentioned, was the oldest. 

1. William, son of Isaac Winston; the emigrant, (**He was said to have been 
endowed with that rare kind of magnetic eloquence which rendered his neph- 
ew, Patrick Henry, so famous." — Campbell's History of Virginia, p. 520. See 
also Wirt's Life of Henry), m. Sarah Dabney, issue, Elizabeth, Edmund, (Judge 
Winston) and Mary Ann. 1. Elizabeth m. Peter Fontaine, issue, 1. John m. 
Martha Henry dau. of Patrick Henry, issue, Patrick Henry (other children not 
known). 2. Sarah Fontaine m. Charles Rose; issue, John, Peter, Sarah and 
Alexander. 3. William Fontaine m. Ann Morris. 4, Mary Fontaine m. first 
Bowles Armstead; issue, William, Elizabeth, Mary and Peter; m. second John 
Lewis a nephew of General Washington; issue, Frances, Howel and Mary Ann. 
(The other children of Peter Fontaine and Elizabeth Winston were James, 
Edmund, Judith and Susanna, but their marriages are not given in the record. 
The Rev. William Spotswood Fontaine, now of tleidsville, N. C, and the Rev. 
Edward Fontaine, now of New Orleans, belong to this branch, and are grand- 
sons of John Fontaine and his wife Martha Henry.) 2. Edmund (Judge Win- 


Bton) m. 1. his cousin Alice Winston; issue, 1. Q^eorge m. Dorothea Henry dau. 
of Patrick Henry; issue, James a distinguished iawyer and politician of BCo., 
(died in 1852.) 3. Sarah m. Dr. George Cabell. 3. Alice m. Frederick Cabell. 
4. Mary m. Mr. Jones of Baekingham. 5. Edmund m. Eliza Wyat. Judge 
Edmand Winston m. second the widow of Patrick Henry, no issue. His des- 
cendants are scattered in N. C, Mo., and Miss. Dr. Wm. Winston, now of 
Toccapola, Miss., is his great-grandson. 3. Mary Ann Winston m. Dr. John 
Walker; issue, Benjamin, John, Frances and Edmund. 

2. Isaac, son of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. Marianne dau. of Rev. Peter 
Fontaine, Rector of Westover Parish, (great-great-grandson of John de la Fon- 
taine, martyred in France A. D. 1583, ancestor of all the Fontaines and Maurys 
in Virginia); issue, two sons. 1. Peter (see Valentine Supplement to this gene- 
alogy) 2. Isaac m. his cousin Lucy Coles; issue, Mrs. Garland Anderson, who 
left one son Alfred, who emigrated to Kentucky, Walter, Mrs. Armstead and 
Mrs. Dr. Beckwith; all of whom moved to Alabama years ago; Dr. Isaac Wins- 
ton of Alexandria, who survived all his children and left no grandchildren, and 
last William A. Winston who m. Mary Wallace; issue, 1. Walter died unmar- 
ried. 2. Martha m. Dr. Payne; issue, William Henry. 3. Mary m Daniel F. 
Slaughter; issue, Mary, Eliza, Caroline, John and Daniel. 4. James m. in 
Cal. 5. Wallace. 6. Isaac (your correspondent). 7. Caroline m. John S. 
Hamilton; issue, Hugh and Mary. 8. Arthur, and 9. Lucien. 

3. Anthony, son of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. Alice dau. of Col. Ed- 
mund Taylor of Caroline; issue, 1. Sarah died single. 2. Anthony (whose chil- 
dren moved to Ala., their names were John J., Anthony, Governor of that 
State, Edmund and Isaac, and a daughter, Mrs. Peters.) 3. Alice m. Judge 
Edmund Winston. 4. Mary. 

4. Lucy, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. first William Dabney; is- 
sue, William; m. second Wm. Coles; issue, 1. Walter m. Miss Darricott; issue; 
Walter. 2. Lucy m. Isaac Winston (as before mentioned). 3. Mary m. John 
Payne of Philadelphia; issue, Walter, William Temple and Isaac (all died un- 
married). 4. Dorothea or Dolly m. first John Todd; issue, John Payne and 
William Temple (both died unmarried); m. second James Madison (President 
of the U. S.), no issue. 5. Lucy m. George Washington, nephew of Gen. Wash- 
ington; issue, George, William and Walter; m. second Thomas Todd of Ken- 
tuckey. 6. Anne m. Richard Cutts of Washington City; issue, Mary, Richard 
and James Madison Cutts, whose dau. Adele m. first Stephen A. Douglas, 
Senator in Congress from Illinois, m. second General Robert Williams, U. S. 
Army. 7. Mary m. John G. Jackson; issue, Mary, and 8. John Payne m. Clar- 
issa Wilcox; issue, sons and daughters in Kentucky. 

5. Mary Ann, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. John Coles, brother 
of William Coles; issue, Walter, Isaac, Sarah. Mary and John. 1. Walter m. 
Mildred Lightfoot; issue, Mildred m. Col. Carrington, Sarah m. Mr. Bruce, and 
Isaac died unmarried. 2. Isaac (if he married, not known). 3. Sarah m. but 
no issue. 4. Mary m. Mr. Tucker; issue, a dau. who m. Judge Carrington. 5. 
John m. Miss Tucker; issue, 1. John m. Miss Shipwith. 2. Walter m. Miss 
Cocke. 3. Isaac m. Miss Strieker. 4. Tucker m. Miss Skipwith. 5. Edward 
m. Miss Roberts. 6. Mary m. Robert Carter. 7. Rebecca m. Mr. Singleton. 8. 
Sarah m. Andrew Stevenson (Minister to England). 9. Elizabeth never mar- 
ried. 10. Emily m. Mr. Rutherford. 

6. Sarah, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. first John Syme; issue 
John; m. second John Henry, a Scotch gentleman; issue, 1. Jane m. Samuel 
Meredith. 2. William m. but no issue. 3. Sarah (marriage not mentioned). 4. 
Patrick (Governor Henry) m. first Sarah Shelton, m. second Dorothea Dand- 


lidge. 5. Lucy m. Valentine Wood. 6. Mary m. Luke Bowyer. 7. Anne m. 
John Christian. 8. Elizaheth m. first Gen. Campbell, m. second Gen. Russell. 
9. Susanna m. Thomas Madison. 

I find from this genealogy that we are relations. My great-grandfather, 
Isaac Winston, and your gi:eat-grandmother, Sarah Winston, were brother and 
sister. I annex to the genalogy a copy of the will of our common ancestor, 
Isaac Winston the emigrant. 

Very truly yours, 

Isaac WinstoX 
Wm. Wirt Henry, Esq., 
Richmond, Va. 

Supplement to the foregoing genealogy by Wm. Wirt Heniy of Richmond: 
Sarah, daughter of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. first John Syme; issue, 
John, member of the House of Burgesses and of the Convention of 177^, one of 
his daughters m. a Fleming; and John Syme, once an editor in Virginia, was 
his descendant. Sarah Syme m. second John Hehry (a Scotchman, a nephew 
of Dr. Wm. Robertson, the historian, and a cousin of Lord Brougham); issue: 

1. Jane Henry m. Col. Samuel Meredith, issue, 1. Samuel m. Elizabeth dau. 
of Gen. John Breckehridge, 2. Sarah m. Col. Wm. Armstead, 3. Jane m. Hon. 
]>avid S. Garland. 

3.*Wm. Henry m. but died without insue. 

5. Slilfah Henry m. Thoma^ Thbuias of Bristol; England. 

• 4. Sus^nba H^hry' ra. Geii. Thomas Madison.' The Bowyers and Lewises of 
Botetourt Cotifity are descendants. 
" 6. Mary Henll^ iri. Mi*: Bowser. 

6. Anne Heni*y''m.* Gen. Wm. Christian, killed by the Indians in Kentucky, 
one dau. m. Gk>v.'Pope of Kentucky. From Mrs. Christian are descended the 
W«f§e'ldt„,Bullits, and Dickinsons of that State. 

;> ;v7,.. Elizabeth Henry m. Gen. Wm. Campbell the hero of King^-s Mountain^ 
their only child Sarah m. Francis Preston; issue, 1. Wm. C. Preston, the dis- 
tinguished Senator in Congress from South Carolina, 2. Eliza Preston m. Gen. 
Carrington of Halifax county, 8. Susan Prestofi m. Gov. James McDowell, 4. 
Sopbonisba Prestjon m. Rev. Robt. J. Breckenridge, D. D., of Kentucky, 5. Sa- 
rah Preston m. Governor John B. Floyd, 6. Charles Campbell Preston, 7. Maria 
Preston m. John H. Preston, 8. Gen. JohnS. Preston (C. S. A..) 9. Col. Thomas 
L. Preston (Gi 8. A.), 10. Margaret Preston nv Gen. Wade Hampton of S. C. 
After the deiath of Gen. Campbell, bis widow m. Gen. Wm. Russell. 

8. Lucy Henry m. Valentine Wood of Goochland; issue, 1. Mary m. Major 
Stephen Southall of the Revolutionary army; issue, 1. Dr. Philip T. Southall, 
fath^ of Professor Stephen O. Southall of the University of Virginia, 2. Valen- 
tine W^ Southall, late of Charlottesville, father of William Southall, James C. 
SouthaU, V.W. Southall, Mrs. Charles Venable of the University of Va., and 
Mrs. Chas. Sharpe of Norfolk. By a second marriage, the widow of Major 
Southall had issue, Joseph Stras and several daughters. 2. Martha, daughter 
of Valentine and Lucy Wood, m. Judge Peter Johnston of Prince Edward, a 
Lieutenant in the Army of the Revolution, and a distinguished Legislator and 
Judge; issue, 1. John War field Johnston, 2. Gen. Peter Carr Johnston, 3. Hon. 
Charles Clement Johnston, 4. Edward William Johnston, 5. Algernon Sidney 
Johnston, 6. Beverly Randolph Johnston, 7. Valentine Johnston, 8. Gen. Jos. 
figgleston Johnston of the late Confederate army, 9. Benjamin Johnston, 10. 
Jane Wood Johnston who m. Henry Michel of Washington, D. C. (The daugh- 
ters of Sarah Henry were women of remarkable talents.) 


- Patrick Heni'y m. first. Sarah Sheltoii in 1754; yiueriJ Mitrtha Henry ^il'^ 
John Fontaine; isi^iie, Wm. Winston Foiitalne, tSLthi^ of Jtev. Wm. Bpotswooid 
Fontaine, now of Reidsville, N. C. 2. Anne Henfy ml JtLd^ Spencer Bbdne' 
of tlie Oodrt^f Appeals; issue, 1. Wmi'H.' Roane, U.S. ^^ehator, who left one 
child, Mrs. Edward Harrison, 2. Fayette Roane, who'^ nfoved'to Kentucky aiird- 
died, leaving a daughter. 3. Betsy Henry n^. Philip) Aylett, of King William; 
issue: a dau. who m. Rev. Wm. Spots wood Fontaine, and a son, Qen. Aylet,' 
father of Patrick Henry Aylett, killed in the Capitol disaster, of Col. Wm. 
Aylett' of King William, of Pattie Aylett who m. Henry Ware of New York, 
and of Rosalie Aylett who m. Mr. Sampson of Brooklyn. 4. John Henry, who 
left one son, Edmund, who settled in Tennessee. 5. William Henry died child- 
less Patrick Henry m. second,9th Oct. 1777, Dorothea Dandridge,. granddaugh- 
ter of Gov. Spots wood, the issue -ot this mi^rriage were 6. Dorothea Spotsw^qipd 
Henry m. George D. Winston; issue, Patrick, George, Edward, Fayette, Jaiaes,^ 
Edmund, Sally and Elvira. These went to North Carolina, Missouri and Mis-^ 
sissippi. 7. Sarah Butler Henr,y. m. first Robert Campbell, brother of Thomas { 
Campbell the poet, no issue; m. second Alex. Scott of Fauquier; issue, 1. » 
Henrietta m. Gen. Wm. H. Bailey of Louisanna, 2. Catherine m. Dr. Robert 
Scott, 3. P. H. Scott m. Mary Yancey and left six children. 8. Martha Cajjhe^n 
rine Henry m. Edward Henry of Northumberland, son of J udge James Henry, : 
and died leaving a daughter, Dorothea Dandridge, who died unmarri^d.v 9. 
Patrick Henry m. Elvira Cabell, daughter of Wm. Cabell of Union HilU- Nel- 
son County, and had issue a dau. Elvira, who m. Wm. H. Clark otHaUC<tz«and 
had issue, 1. Elvira C. m. Augustine Claiborne, 2. Nannie m. Thomas plvuce,^^ 
John, 4. Patrick, 5. Eliza m. Alfred Shields of Richmond, 6. Maiitha nr: Lyle 
Clark, 7. Ellen m. George Lee of Richmond, 8. Rosam* Mr., Wilkins. 

10. Fayette Henry m. Miss Elcan, of Buckingham, and died chUdless. o ' - 

11. Alexander Spotswood Henry m. Paulina Cabell dau. of Dr: Geo. CftlHeli 
of Lynchburg. Issue, 1. Geo. Fayette; 2. Patrick; 3. John Robert^'i: Lewis 
Cabell; 5. Sallie m. Dr. Geo. Cabell Carrington; 6. Paulina m. Mr. Jones; 7. Ma- 
rion m. SamU. Tyree; 8. Maria Antoinette. 

12. Nathaniel Henry m. Virginia Woodson. Issue, 1. Capt. P. M; Henry; 2. 
Lucy m. John Cardwell; 3. Mary m. Mr. Garrett; 4. Martha* m. Mr. Wlurd; 5. 
Dorothea Virginia m. Beasely. 

13. Richard Henry died in infancy. ^ 

14. Edward Winston Henry m. Jane Yuille. Issue, 1. Dr. Thomas Y. Hen- 
ry; 2. Patrick Fayette; 3. Marie Rosalie m. Dr. Wm. B. Lewis; 4. Lucy D: in. 
Mr. Leighton; 5. Celine m. Robert Catlett; 6. Ada B. m. John GJ Smith; 7. Ed- 
ward Winston. 

15. John Henry m. Elvira McClelland, granddaughter of Col. Wm. Cabell 
of Union Hill. Issue, 1. Margaret Anne m. Wm. A. Miller; 2. Elvira M. m. first 
Jesse A. Higginbotham; m. second Alexander Taylor; 3. Wm. Wirt Henry; 4. 
Dr. Thomas Stanhope Henry; 5. Laura m. Dr. James Carter; 6. Emma C. m. 
Major James B. Ferguson. 

Supplement to the FOREeoixa Wixstox GEANBALoeY by Edward V. 

Valentine, (the Virginia sculptor). 

Peter Winston, son of lisaac Winston and Marianne Fontaine, m: Elizabeth 
Povall. Issue, 1, Isaac m. Miss Burton; 2. Mary Ann m. Alexander Jdiies; 8. 
Peter m. two sisters. Misses Jones; 4. Elizabeth m. Hesekiah Mbsby; 5. StISan- 
na m. Mr. Grubbs; 6. John Povall m. Miss Austin; 7. Sarah m. John Moiby; 8^ 
William m. Martha Mosby; 9. Ann ra. Benjamin Mosby. 


The children of Alexander Jones and Mary Ann Winston were John Win- 
ston, Eliza and Gustavus. . 

John Winston Jones, (Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives), m. 
Harriet Boisseau, issue, 1. Mary m. George W. Towns, (Governor of Georgia). 
Issue, Harriet Winston, Margaret, John, Mary Winston, Anna, Lou Morton 
and George W. 2. James B. Jones m. Ann Crawley Winston, dau. of Peter 
Winston, son of Peter; issue : Jno. Winston, Peter E., Wm. Gustavus, 
Louisa Winston and Augustus Drewry; 3. Alex. Jones. 

2. Eliza Jones m. John Mosby. Issue John A. Mosby. 

8. Gustavus Jones m. Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Winston of Half-Sink, Hen- 
rico County, and moved to Pudueah, Ky. 

The children of Benjamin Mosby and Ann Winston were 1. Peter Winston, 
2. Elizabeth, 3. John O., 4. Robert P., 5. Mary Ann. 6. Sarah Winston, 7. Ben- 
jamin, 8. Lucy, 9. Patrick Henry, 10. Wm. H., 11. Susa'nna Virginia. 

Elizabeth Mosby m. Mann Valentine. Issue 1. Elizabeth Ann m. William 
F. Gray, 2. Mann S. m. Ann M. Gray, 3. Benjamin Batchelder, 4. Wm. Win- 
ton, 5. Robert Mosby, 6. Mary Martha m. J. W. Woods, 7. Sarah Benetta, 8. 
Virginia Louisa, 9. Edward Virginus Valentine m. Alice C. Robinson. 

P. B. Jones of Orange County belongs to this family, but the author does 
not know the connecting links. 


He was born in the north of England, and was the son of a captain, either 
in the merchant service or Royal Navy. Rev. John Woodville m. Sarah, 
daughter of Rev. James Stevenson. Issue James Littlepage, born 1791, who 
m. Miss Mary Lewis and left one son, James Littlepage, who m. Miss Brecken- 
ridge of Botetourt Co., Va. Fanny, daughter of Rev. John Woodville, born 
1793, m. William Payne, and their son Dr. John J. W. Payne of Riverside, 
Tenn., m. first Martha V., daughter of William A. Winston, of Culpeper (see 
Winston genealogy), and m. second Elizabeth R., daughter of Col. Rufus K« 
Anderson of Alabama,a son of Col. William Anderson (U. S. Infantry), Tennes- 
see. William Payne, who m. Fanny Woodville, and whose piety and devo- 
tion to the Church is so touchingly described by Bishop Green of Mississippi 
in his charge to the last Convention, was a son of the old vestryman of St. 
Mark's, Richard Payne of Culpeper, Va., who was the son of George Payne of 
Westmoreland (1716), who was the son of John Payne of Lancaster (1679) who 
was the son of Richard Payne of Northumberland (1683), whose father came to 
Virginia in 1620 (see Smith's History of Virginia, p. 52). The Rev. J. Walker 
Woodville (b. 1799) m. Miss Mary E. Carmach. Sarah Ann, daughter of Rev. 
John Woodville, (b. 1802) died single. 


This gentleman was born at Muckamore Abbey near Belfast in Ireland,and 
came to Maryland a Presbyterian minister. I am indebted to Mrs. Murray 
Forbes for documentary proof of this fact in the form of a letter from the Rev. 
Jacob Henderson (Commissary) to the Bishop of London, dated Maryland, 
July 30th, 1739, in which he says:—" The bearer, Mr. Jno. Thompson, has been 
a Preacher in the Presbyterian way at Newton, on the Eastern Shore of this 
Province; but was, by the distractions of the ministers and people of that per- 
suasion, put upon considering the terms of communion in the Church of En- 
gland; and I do verily believe, upon full conviction, has embraced it. He ap- 
pears to be a person of great candor and sincerity. He has been intimate with 
the leading clergymen for some years, and your Lordship will perceive what a 


character they g^ive him in their testimonials. When I was in the North of 
Ireland, I had a very good character given him from many people of different 
persuasions. He is desirous of Holy Orders, and has a nomination from the 
Rev. Mr. Williamson to be his assistant,and I recommend him for Holy Orders 
as a person not only very deserving, but one that I sincerely believe will be an 
ornament to our Church." 

The Rev. Mr. Thompson, as we have seen, became Minister of St. Mark^s 
Parish (1740), and married (1742) the widow of Governor Spotswood, by whom 
he had two children. 

1. Ann ( b. at Germanna 1744, d. 1815) m. Francis Thornton of the Falls. 
Their only son, Francis Thornton, m. Sally, daughter of Col. Innes ; children 

1. Sally Innes m. Murray Forbes of Falmouth ; children, 1. Jno. M. Forbes 
(of the Fauquier bar) m. a daughter of Dr. Semmes. 2. Delia m. Alfred Thorn- 
ton, 3. Frank m. Mercer^ daughter of John Chew, 4. Dr. Wm. Smith Forbes 
m. in Philadelphia, 5. Alfred m. daughter of G. Bastable, 6. Kate m. 6. 
Bastable, 7. David, 8. Mrs. Dr. Taylor, and 9. Mrs. Stevens Mason, deceased. 

2. Betsy, daughter of F. Thornton and Ann Thompson m. Dunbar of Fal- 
mouth; ch. Anna. 3. Polly m. Dr. Vass of Madison County, 4. Fanny m. Dr. 
Horace Buckner of Culpeper, 5. Milly m. Col. Abram Maury of Madison, 6. 
Dolly m. Samuel Washington of Culpeper. 

William, son of Rev. Jno Thompson m. Sarah, dau. of Charles Carter of 
Cleve bj'^ his 2nd wife Miss Byrd; children, 1. Charles Carter Byrd Thompson, 
Captain U. S. N., who m. in England ; no issue. 2. Gillies m. Mary Carter; 
children, Charles, and a daughter reared by Mrs. Judge Brooke. 3. William in. 
first Betsy Strother of Culpeper, m. second Caroline dau. of John, son of Rev. 
John; children, 1. Ann, 2. Wm. Fitzhugh Thompson, father of Mrs. Carrie 
Thompson Williams, of Henderson, Ky., and of William who m. Delia dau. of 
Frank Thompson; ch. Maria. 

Rev. Jno. Thompson m. second a dau. of Philip Rootes; children, 1. Hon. 
Philip Rootes Thompson of Culpeper, M. C. (1801-1807), m. daughter of Burk- 
ett Davenport, vestryman of St. Mark's; ch. 1. Eliza m. Thornton Fry ; chil- 
dren. General Burkett Fry,C. S. A., Dr. Frank Fry, and Cornelia m. Jno. Lyd- 
dall Bacon, President of State Bank and other institutions, Richmond, Va. 
2. Eleanor m. Wm. Thornton, son of Col.Wm. Thornton of Montpelier; ch. Dr. 
Thornton, m. Charlotte Hamilton, Mrs. Andrew Glassell Jr. Mrs. Charles 
Gibbs, and Philip Rootes m. Sarah Hamilton. 3. Burkett Devenport m. Miss 
Bostwick, 4. Philip Rootes, Jr., m. 1. dau. of Col. Wm. Thornton, 2. m. Sarah 
dau. of (Teorge Hamilton. 

Hon. P. R. Thompson m. second a dau. of Robei-t Slaughter of the Grange, 
Culpeper; ch. 1. Dr. John Thompson m. a dau. of Dr. Geo. Thornton, 2. Hon. 
Robert A. Thompson, M. C. of Va., and Judge in California m. first Mary 
Smith, dau. of Captain P. Slaughter of Culpeper; children, Sarah E. m. Dr. 
Huie. 2. Mercer m. Gen. Ord, U. S. A., 3. Resrinald H. Thompson C. S. A. law- 
yer, Louisville, Ky., m. Miss Thompson, 4. Robert m. Miss West, 5. Thomas m. 
(name unknown), 6. Frank m. Miss West. Robert and Thomas are editors 
of Sonoma Democrat, Santa Rosa, Caliafornia,and Frank, State Printer. 3. 
Francis, son of Philip R. Thompson, m. Caroline, dau. of Dr., George Thorn- 
ton; ch. Mrs. Jno. James Williams. 4. Benjamin, who m. Elizabeth dau. of 
Gen. Andrew Lewis, 5. Wm. Henry, who m. Elizabeth Huie 

John Thompson, son of Rev. John of Culpeper, born Oct. 2, 1764, mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Howison, daughter of Dr. Thos. and Bettie Lightfoot How- 
ison, Feb.' 15, 1784 and had the following children: 


1. John Jr., born April 5, 1785, married Miss Le Chase of Louisanna: 2. 
Thos. Howison, born Feb. 8, 1787 in. Miss E. Hudson, of Louisanna; 3. Eliza- 
beth, born April 3, 1788, never married: 4. Fanny, born Nov^ 10, 1789, married 
Daniel French Strother June 1, 1813; 5. Wm. Lightfoot, born May 7, 1791, mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Massie; 6. Camilla, born Feb. 13, 1798, never married; 7. 
Caroline, born Aug. 20, 1795, married Wm. F. Thom'pson, whose first wife was 
Bettie Strother; 8. Malinda, born Oct. 17, 1797, married James B. Huie of Lou- 
isville; 9. Philip Rootes, born June 27, 1799, married Miss Elizabeth Tompkins; 
10. Robt. Coleman, born March 30, 1801, married M^ss Sarah Rigglesworth; 11. 
Mildred Ann, born April 17, 1803, never married; 12. Francis Thornton, born 
Nov. 27, , 1805, never married. ; 

This John, son of Rev. John, moved about 1795 with his family to Jeffer- 
son County, Ky., and was afterwards U. S. Judge in Louisanna. 

Mildred, daughter of Rev. John Thompson, married Capt. George Gray, 
Rev. Officer, who was the son of John and Mary Strother Gray, daughter of 
Jas. Strother and wife Margaret French dau. of Daniel French, issue of Capt. 
Geo. Grav, Sr. 

Issue of Capt. Gkorgk Gray, Sr. 

1. Capt. Geo. Gray, U. S. A., married Selenah Cecilia Neal. His widow 
married twice. He died without children. She married second Abraham 
Hite, merchant of Louisville; 2. John Thompson Gray, m. Mary Ormsby, only 
child of Peter Benson Ormsby, and niece of Judge Stephen Ormsby of Louis- 
ville. The Ormsbys were from Sligo, Ireland. Issue below. 3. Philip Rootes 
Gray, m. Miss Kitty Holloway; 4. Horace Minor Gray, lived to old age. Nev- 
er married; 5. Capt. John Strother Gray, U. S. A., never married; 6. French 
Strother Gray, m. Sarah Taylor, daughter of Rich'd. and Sarah Taylor; 7. 
Angereau Gray married Myra McConnell; 8. Weeden Gray died young, never 
married; 9. Mary (Polly) Gray m. Ambrose Camp; 10. Eliza Gray m. James 
McCrum; 11. Mildred Gray m. James Stewart; 12. Susan Gray m. James Stew- 

Children Of John Thompson and Mary Ormsby Gray 

1. Elizabeth Gray m. Dr. Norborne Gait, son of Dr. Wm. C. Gait; 2. Geo. 
E. H. Gray married Lucy Bate; 3. John T. Gray married first Miss Anita An- 
derson, second Virginia Hook, of Baltimore and third Caroline De Butts and 
had child or children by each; 4. Henry Weeden Gray married Miss Russell, 
one child, second Miss Peers; 5. Catherine Ann Mercer Gray m. Geo. Fetter; 6. 
Ormsby Gray married first Miss Nelson and second Miss Baker, daughter of 
Br. Baker of Shelby ville, Ky.; 7. Selena Gray married first Ben Lawrence and 
second John Churchill. No children. 

[Addenda to last but one paragraph on page 80, by Major B. S. Thompson, 
of Huntington W. Va.] 

IssuK OF Philip Rootes Thompson and Second Wife, Dau. of Robert 


1. John m. Matilda, dau. of Dr. Geo. Thornton; no issue; 2. Hon. Robt. A. 
m. first Mary S., dau of Capt. Philip Slaughter, second Mrs. Elizabeth Woods; 
3. Helena M. m. John P. Turner, of Boston, Mass; 4. Francis m. Caroline H. 
dau. of Dr. Geo. Thornton; 5. Beniamin S. m. Elizabeth, dau. of Col. Charles 
Lewis, killed at the battle of Point Pleasant, Oct. 10, 1774, issue; I. Cameron 
Lewis, m.Elizabeth F. Weathers of Ky.; II. Margaret Lynn m. John I. Hurvey; 
issue: Cameron L., Agnes Lewis, Elizabeth Lynn, John S. and Marie Elinor. 
III. John S.; IV. Wm. Rootes, m. Sallie Helena Huie; 6. Wm. Henry, m.Eliza- 
beth Huie, issue I. William m. Anselam Buckhannon, issue I. Thompson, II. 
Mildrid, III. Anselam, IV. Roberta. 


Issue of Hon. Robt. A. Thompson and First WIfe Miss Slaughter. 

1. Sarah E. in. Dr. Wm. Huie; issiie: Win. Henry, Hobt. Blackburn, Eliza- 
beth m. Geo. Floumoy, (ch: Geo. Huie,) Sallie Helena in. Wm.'RbOtes Thomp- 
son, Geo. Bullitt, and Edward Mercer; 2. Robt. A. Jr. m. Elizabeth West; is- 
sue:' Reginald m. Miss Hyson, Mary Nixon m. Paul D^ady, Virginia Carter m. 
AUendean Whittaker, Elizabeth, and Wilmer; 3. Thomas L. m. Marion Satter- 
lee; issue: Margaret in. Ed. L. Whipple, Frances Williams, Hugh S., Ethel, 
and Grace Evelyn; 4. Judge Reginald H., m. Elizabeth H. Thompson, no is- 
sue; 5. Mary Mercer m. Gen. E. O. C. Ord, U. S. A., issue: I. Capt. E. O. C. Ord 
m. MoUie Herton, issue: Edward, Harry, Nellie, Gurische, and Mollie; II. Ro- 
berta, m. Gen. Trivino of Monterey Mex., issue: Gerinimo; III. Lucy, m. 
Capt. John Mason U. S. A., issue: Mercer, Annie, Ruth, Mollie m. Mr. HUcott; 
(ch: John,) Gurische, Lieut. U. S. A., killed in Cuba: 6. Frank P. m. Mary 
West, issue: Mary m. Jno. L. Means, (ch. Mary, Jno. L.); II. Page E. m. Dr. 
Westwood Baker, (ch. Westwood Sally;) III. Helen, Thomas Larkin, Roberta, 
Robert and John. 

Hon. Robt. A. Thompson m. Second Mrs. Elizabeth Woods: Issue: 

7. Ruth HaiTison, m. Wm. Craig, issue: Earle; Willie, Robert, Olive, Don- 
ald; 8. Helena; 9. Roberta. 
Hklkna M., Dau. of (Hon. P. R. Thompson,) m. John P. Turner; Issitk: 

1. Sarah Elizabeth; 2. Chas. Philip; 3. Matilda; 4. John P. m. Ella Taylor; 
ch. Francis; Helena, Garnet, Fannie, and Jas. McFarland. 
Francis, Son of(Hon. P. R. Thompson); m. Caroline H. Thornton; Issue: 

1. Fannie, m. John I. Williams; ch: Frank and Harry; 2. Geo. Philip, ni. 
Margaret Mussie; ch: Frank, Mary m. Mr. Smith, Aylette, Maggie, Caroline; 
8. Delia, m. Wm. N. Thom[)Son; ch: Maria; 4. Mary m. James Lockhart. 

Rev. John Thompson's will was recorded in Oulpeper 16th Nov. 1772. Wit- 
nesses, Benjamin Johnson and Thos. Walker: executors, Fielding Lewis, Jos. 
Jones, Wm. and Frank Thornton. He devised to his son Wm. 1550 acres of 
land in Culpeper and 19 negroes. To his son John, 2000 acres and 15 negroes. 
To Frances Thornton and Ann his wife, 800 acres and ''a negro wench Queen." 
To his daughter Mildred, all the money due from estate of Gov. Spotswood. 
To his son Philip Rootes 1979 acres on Summer Duck below Mount Poney and 
12 negroes. To his wife, his mansion, his furniture, his coach, 000 acres of 
land and 18 negroes. To his Sister Ann Neilson, a home and support. To his 
sons William and John, each a lot in Fredericksburg. 

Col. Wm. and Col. John Thornton were brothers of Francis Thornton of 
Falls, who married Ann, daughter of Rev. John Thompson. They were all 
sons of Francis Thornt(m the elder, who married Frances Gregory. Col. Wm. 
Thornton, who married Miss Washington, was the father of Dr. Philip Thorn- 
ton, Dr. (Teo. Thornton, John, Howard, and Stuart Thornton. Francis the 
elder had also a son George, who was the father of Reuben, who married a 
niece of Gen. Washington, and lived at Greenwood, near Germanna, and was 
the father of Charles Augustine Thornton, now of Enfield, North Carolina. 

[Addenda by Mrs. Mary D. Micou, Theological Seminary, Va.] 

Dr. Burkett Davenpoi-t Thompson, b. 1788^. 1829, son of Philip Rootes 
Thompson and Anna Davenport, m. Mary Ann Bostwick, issue: 

1. Philix) Rootes, b. 1812 d. 1857, m. Henrietta Lochett. 2. Anna Davenport, 
m 1831 Wm. Chatfield Micou, d. 1864. 3. Susan Jane, m. Rene Brunet. 4. 
Wm. Thornton, m. Aglaie Lochett. 

Philip Rootes, son of Burkett D. Thompson, b. 1812, graduated at West 
Point about 1834, was rapidly promoted in the army. During the Mexican 
war he was a Captain, and was breveted Major for "bravery in the battle of 

S acramento." Died with the rank of Colonel on board the U. S. Man of War, 

Wabash, 1857. Married Henriette Lochett of New Orleans. 

Anna Davenport, dau. of Burkett D. Thompson, m. Wm. C. Micou, 1831, 
who become a prominent member of the New Orleans bar, he died in 1854, she, 
in 1864. For issue see Mieou genealogy. 

Philip Rootes Thompson, 2nd. son of Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, m. 1st. 
Lucy Thornton, 2nd. Sarah Hamilton dau. of Capt. Geo. Hamilton, of Forest 
HiU, Va., Dec. 1888. 

Issue of Philip Rootes Thompson and Lucy Thornton. 1. William Thorn- 
ton. 2. Philip Rootes. 3. Susan, m. Archibald Blair of Va., issue: Philip 
and Susan. 4. Lucy Ellen m. Clinton Palmer, of S. C, issue: Edwin, Wm., and 
Eliza. 5. G. Howard m. Meta Fitzhugh, of Maryland, issue: Dr. Geo. H. and 

Issue of Philip Rootes Thompson and Sarah Hamilton. 1. Maria Hamilton 
b. 1839, m. Collins Macrae, issue: Collins, Cornelia and Howard Macrae. 2. Eliza 
Rootes b. 1841. m. Randolph Harrison of James River, issue: William Morti- 
mer, Lilias Edwina, Barah Hamilton, Thos Randolph, Randolph Hammond, 
and Macpherson. 3. Lilias Ritchie b. 1843, m. Edwin C. Palmer, of South 
Carolina. 4. Ellen Thornton, b. 1845, m. Chas. R. Allen; issue: Ellen Hamil- 
ton, George Hamilton, b. 1848. 

Lilias Edwina Harrison m. Lieut. John J. Knapp, U. S* N. Sarah Hamil- 
ton Harrison m. Lieut. Edward W. Eberle, U. S. N. 


Some think this family of Scotch origin, and that it had then the prefix of 
Mac. Others insist that it is Saxon. Gen. Dick Taylor, son of the President, 
whose mother was a Strother, says, as we learn from Judge Strother of Giles, 
that he had visited the old burial-ground of the family in the Isle of Th^anet, 
County of Kent, England, and seen the name in its various transitions from its 
original form Straathor to its present orthography. However this may be, it 
has long had its present form in England, for Chaucer has a facetious tale of 
two Strothers, the orthography being the same then as now. The earliest 
date to which we have traced the name in Virginia is 1734, when Anthony 
Strother patented a tract of land under the doubletop mountain in what was 
then St. Mark^s Parish, and is now Bromfield in Madison. The family abound- 
ed in the county of Stafford. John Madison, clerk of Augusta, father of Bish- 
op Madison, John Lewis, who so long represented the same county, and Ga- 
briel Jones, **the Valley Lawyer," all married Misses Strother of Stafford. 
Jeremiah, who may have been the father or brother of Anthony, died in what 
was then Orange County, (Culpeper not being yet formed) in 1741, leaving his 
property to his wife Eleanor, and appointing his sons, James and William, ex- 
ecutors. The will was attested by Francis Slaughter, G. Lightfoot and Cat- 
lett. His children were James, Wm., Francis, Lawrence, Christopher, Robert 
and several daughters. Francis married Miss Dabney and died 1752. He was 
the ancestor of Gen. Gaines, John S. Pendleton, Gen. D. Strother (Porte Cray- 
on), Gen. Duff Green, and Capt. French Strother of Rappahannock. William 
married Mrs. Pannill and was the grandfather of Gen. Z. Taylor. 

James, the eldest son, married Margaret, daughter of Daniel French of 
King George, whose son Daniel died in 1771. He gave property by deed to Jas. 
Strother's children, who were French, James, and Mary (Mrs. Gray). James 
died in 1761 and left property to his son French. French Strother, the vestry- 
man of St. Mark^s, married Lucy, daughter of Robert Coleman. He lived 
where Coleman Beckham now lives. He became a vestryman in 1772, and 


churchwarden in 1780. He made himself very popular by releasing a Baptist 
minister who had been imprisoned by a Justice of the Peace, by substitutinK 
his man Tom in his place and letting him out at night. That fact is stated on 
the authority of Capt. P. Slaughter, who married his daughter. He represent- 
ed the county for nearly 30 years in the General Assembly: was a member in 
1770, and of the Convention of 1788-9, and voted against the Constitution and 
for the famous Resolutions of 1798-99. He was solicited to oppose Mr. Madison , 
for Congress (see Rives' Madison), but Monroe became the candidate and was i 
badly beaten. Monroe had only 9 votes in Orange, Madison 216; Culpeper, 
Monroe 103, Madison 256. Col. Frank Taylor in his diary says, "Col. Pendle- 
ton of Culpeper came to my house from meeting of Sheriffs in Charlottesville, 
and he says Madison has 338 majority in the district." In the State papers 
published by J)r. Palmer there is a correspondence between him and Jefferspn 
in 1776 which would seem to show that he had some local command, perhajxs 
City Lieutenant. He died on his way from the Senate in Richmond, at Fred- 
ericksburg, and was buried there. His executops were Capt. P. Slaughter and 
his son Daniel French. His children were Daniel French, who went to Ken- 
tucky and m. Miss Thompson, a descendant of Rev. John Thompson of St. 
Mark's; Geo. French, who repr?sented this district in Congress 1817-20, and 
moved to Missouri where he died. Hon. Geo. F. Strother m. Sally, daughter 
of Gen. James Williams; his son, the late James French Strother, who was a 
member of the Legislature (Speaker) and of Congress, m. Elizabeth, daughter 
of Major John Roberts; children, 1. French, late Superintendent of the Peni- 
tentiary, m. Miss Cary, of Gloucester county, no ch. 2. Capt. John K., member 
of Assembly many yeariJ, m. Miss Viola Payne, dau. ofDr, Payne, of Cul- 
peper, and had 1. Jas. Alexander, m. Miss Taylor, of Giles, II. \Vm. Henry, III. 
Geo. French, IV. Ellen Payne, m. E. L. Gaines, V. Elizabeth Roberts, VI. John 
Hunt, VII. Philip Johnson, and VIII. Viola Williams. 3. Philip W., Judge 
and Representative of Giles county, m. Nannie Pendleton, of Giles county, 
and had L James French, m. Miss Bondurant, II. Elvina Chapman, m. Mr.' 
Barnes, of Tazewell, III. Elizabeth Roberts. IV. Albert Pendleton, 
V. Nanny Mary. VI. Sallie Viola, and VI l. Lucy Williams,. 
4. Ja!n3-5 French, JuIj:.^ of tRippi,hannD:*k cou ity, m. Miss Mary 
Botts, and had 1. Sallie Hunt, m. Clarence J. Milier, II. James French, III. 
Andrew Botts, IV. Catherine Tutt, V. Isabel Lewis, VI. Elizabeth Roberts, 
and VII. Eliza Harvie. 5. and 6. William Henry and John Hunt, died during 
the war. 7. William Johnson, m. Letitia Shackelford. 8. Sally Williams, and 
9. ijowis Harvie. 

Jeremiah Strother, late of (^ulpoper, who m. Miss Clayton, and is the 
gi'andfatlier of the Rev. J. P. Hansbrough, is of the same family. Bo also, we 
suppose, was Wm. Strother,of Madison, who m. Miss Medley, and whose dau. 
LoLiisa married Rev. H. Stringfellow, and is the father of Rev. Horace String- 
fellow, D. D., of Montgomery, Ala., (who has also a son. Rev. James Stringfel- 
low, in the ministry,) and 3. of Chas. S. Stringfellow, a leading member of the 
Petersburg bar, 3. of the wife of La Fayette Watkins, also of the Petersburg 
bar, and of others. 


Another man of mark to whom Culpeper gave birth, is the Rev. John A. 
Broadus, D. D., Professor in the Baptist College, Greenville, South Carolina, a 
scholar of rare culture, and a preacher who exemplifies many of the best pre- 
cepts in his excellent work on the art of preaching with power. He is a son 
of Edmund Broadus, who so long represented Culpeper in the General Assem- 

bly. Edmund was the son of Thomas, who was the brother: of the Revolution- 
ary oflScers, Ensign James and Major Wm. Broadus, vestryman and lay dele- 
gate, who married Mrs. Jones, tlie daughter of the first churchwarden of St. 
Mark's, Robert Slaughter. Their daughter Kitty married William Mills 
Tl|,qaipson, vestryman of St. Mark's, who was the father of the Hon. Richard 
Wigginton Thompson, the present Secretary of the Navy. Major William 
Broadas married second Miss Richardson and left several children, among 
whom is Mi^s Sarah A. Broadus of Charlestown, W. Va. Major Broadus was 
Paymaster at Harper's Ferry when he dic}d, about 1880. 

The first Broadas of whom I find any tra,Qe in Culpeper was Edmund, who 
patented laud in what i^ now Madison County in 1730. .The Rev. William F. 
Broadus of. Fredericksburg was a son of Thoi?,;..and Jas. M. Broadus ofAlex^, 
is aj9on of Edmund, and brother of Dr. John.^. . Broac^us. William Broadus, 

clerk of Culpeper, was the son of Major Wni. Broadus. 

1. . . • • 

. la r . THE SLAUGHTER family! 

[The Slaughter genealogy, as it was in the first edition of St. Mark's, has 
been revised' (the work being done in April 1900) by members of the family 
who were in a position to know. Besides this, there is additional addenda to 
this 'genealogy, covering othei' branches and linesi} 

• 1% is not worth while to trace this 'family to the stock from whence they 
sprang in Euglahd. We limit Our notice to two blx)thers, who were transpla^nt^ 
ed in this'PariiSh early in the eighteenth century,' and who by the light of later 
research, have been found to be the sons of Robt. Slaughter and Frances Annd^ 
Jones, his wife. 

RoBKRT AXD Francis Slaughter (the two sons) were the first church 
wardens of St. Mark's Parish, chosen by the first vestry in 1731: ■ ' 

RobkrxSlaughtkr (Robt.) m. Mary Smith, dau of Augustine Smith, in 
1723,' and had: 

1. Robert, m. Susannah, Harrison in 1750; 2. Wm., m. Miss Zimmerman, 
moved to Jefferson county, Ky.; 3. Thomas, m. Miss Thornton, dau. of Fran- 
cis Thornton; 4.. Francis, in. Miss Liiiggett; 5. James, m. Susan, dau. of Major 
Philip Clayton; 6. Lawrence, m. Field, dau. of Col. John Field; 7. George, m. 
Miss Field, dau. of Col. Jno^ Field ;^ 8. Elizabeth Lightfoot; and 9. Martha 
Jones, who m. 1st. Capt. Gabriel Johes, 2nd. Major William Broaddus. 

Francis Slaughter (R<ibt.) m. Anne Lightfoot, in 1729, and had: 
. i. Francis, m. dau. of Robert jColeman; 2. John m. -Milly Coleman; 3. Reu- 
ben, in. 4. Cadwallader^ m. 5, Frances, m. Capt. Wm. Ball; 6. dau. m. Edward 
Thomas, and had son, Edward Slaughter Thomas, member of Ky. House of 
Representatives in 1793, and in. Susannah Beall, and had several children, one 
of them Lucinda, m. Dr. Wm. Elliott, of New Haven, Ky. 

Francis Slaughter (Francis, Robt.) m. dau. of Robt. Coleman, on whose 
land Culpeper Court House was fouiiiled; had Francis, m. Miss Hollaway, and 
had Henry, (M. D.) who moved to the South. This same Francis (the second) 
moved to Ky., and settled in Hardin "county about 1785; as did all of his chil- 
dren, except Francis, who m. Miss Hollaway. 

Reuben Slaughter (Francis, Robert.) in. and had 1. Goodrich; 2. Jos- 
eph; 3. William; 4. Robert. They moved to Bedford county, Virginia, where 
Jos. m. and has descendants, who are Harrises. 

Cadwallader Slaughter (^^rancis, Robt.) m. 1st. Miss Ramsdell, of Fau- 
quier, and had, 1. Margaret, m. Chas. Morehead; 2. Matilda, m. Jno. Churchill; 
3. Francis Ramsdell, m. Fanny Latham; ^. Presley, m. Martha Slaughter; and 
5. Edward. 

Francis Ramsdrll Slaughter (Cadwallader, Francis, Robt.) m. Fanny 
Latham, had 1. Elizabeth, died single; 2. Cadwallader, m. Francis Ann Yanoe, 
had one dau. Elizabeth, who m. Squire Bassett, of Lexing^n, Ky; S. Philip, m. 
Mary Ann Smith; 4. Henry, died single; 5. Matilda, m. Joseph Longest. 

Elizabeth Slaughter (Cadwallader, Francis, Ramsdell, Cadwallader, 
Francis, Robert) m. Squire Bassett, and had two daughters, who m. Messrs. 
Scott and Threlkeld. 

John SLAUGHTKR(Francis, Robt.) m. Milly Coleman, dau. of Robt. Cole- 
man, and had, 1. Robert, m. sister of Gov. Slaughter, of Ky., and had two sons 
Chas. and Edward, and several daughters. 2. Cadwallader^ in. 1st. Miss 
Tancey, 2nd. Miss Hampton, and had Rich., Jno. H., Robt., Edward, Cadwall- 
ader, and several daughters. 3. and 4. Francis and Thos. K., both went to Ky. 
5; John S. m. dau. of Capt. William Brown, and had thirteen children, who 

were : 

I. Col. John Slaughter, of Culpeper, m. dau. Maj. Gabriel Long, and had 

four daughters, Mrs. C. C. Conner, Mrs. Gabriel Long, Mrs. George Slaughter, 
and Emily, died single. 

3. William, m. Miss Ficklen, and had I. Franklin, m. Miss Gill, having Law- 
rence, Frank, Etta, and Harriet, who m. Mr. Tackett, vestryman of St. George's 
Church, Fredericksburg. II. Montgomery, m. Eliza Lane Slaughter, having 
Wm., Philip, Mary Montgomery, Fanny, Charles, and Bessie. III. J. Warren, 
in. Sallie Braxton.. IV. Elizabeth, m. R. Gamett. V. Sallie, m. Jno. F. Fick- 
len, having Kate andHarry. VI. Jennie, m. Dr.' Kerfoot. VII. Matilda. VIII: 


8. Samuel, m. Allen. 

4. Philip, m. Ist. Eliza, dau. of Wm. Ijane, and had Eliza; m. 3nd. Mrs. 
Fletcher; m.JJrd. Mrs. Robinson. 

5. Reuben, m. Emily, dau. of R. Long, of Baltimore, having I. Albert, m. 
1st. Mary Edmonia Rogers, had 1. Wm. Pendleton, m. Mollie Rea* Duncan, 2. 
Frank;, Albert m. 2nd. Louise Cary Fiinston, having 1. Emily Virginia, 2. Sue 
Meade, 3. Jas. Albert, 4. Evelyn, 5. Homozelle, 6. Eleanor, 7. Louise Nelson. 

II. Frank L., m. Susan ^Fitzhugh Motley, of Caroline, having 1. Albert J ndson, 
m. Virginia Jackson Daniel, 2. Gibbon Minnigerode, B. Frank Raymond, 4. Per- 
sisRead. III. Anne Trippe, m. Dr. Boulware, of Caroline^ having McCalla, 
who m. Ada Jackson Miller, and had 1. Jackson Darius, 2 Gideon Brown, 3 
Elizabeth Trippe. IV. Maria, m. Rev. Mr. Buckner, of Caroline. 

6. Thomas Jeffersoi^, m. dan. of Capt. R. Moore, having I. Reuben, m. Miss 
Turner, and hadl. Lou Turner, 2. Thomas Jefferson, 3. Milton, m. Miss Wright, 
4. Marcellus, 5 Anne W., 6. Herbert, 7. Anna C. II. Susan, m. Col. Coons. 

III. Anne, m. Lieut. Winfield, killed at Spottsylvania C. H., in 1864. 

7. Albert Gallatin. Commander in the U. S. Navy, m. Miss Emily Randall, 
of Baltimore, having I. Josephine. II. Emily G., m. Judge Stuart, a lawyer 
of distinction of Baltimore, having 1. Wm. m. Miss Carter, of Fauquier, 2. Em- 
ily, m. Lieut. Macklin, U. S. Navy, 3. Kate, m. Mr. Drake, 4 Lewis. 

8. James Madison, m. Miss Long, of Baltimore, and had I. Mary, m. Rev. 
J. G. Minnigerode. 

9. Mary, m. John S. Long, of Ky. 

10. Elizabeth, m. Mr. Downer, and with eleven children lived in Ky. 

II. Lucy, m. 1st. Gabriel Long: 2nd. Thos. S. Long, both sons of Maj. Ga-> 
briel Long, of Culpeper. 

12. Nancey, m. Reese Jury, and had I. John S., m. Miss Wolfe. II. Lewis 
C, m. Miss Holt, and lived in New Orleans. III. Mary, m. Edward R. Gaines, 
having Dr. J. M. Gaines, of Hagerstown, Md., James, surgeon in the U. S. N., 
Archibald, m. Freeman, Lucy, m. Crawford, Bettie and Susan. IV. a dau. hl 

• 87 

John Long, Ky. V. Catherine, m. J. M. Lewis. VI. Bettie m. Rev. Mr. Huflf. 
VII. Susan. VIII. Margaret. IX. Francis. 

13. Susan, m. Roberts Menefee, and moyed to Missouri. 

William Slaughter (Robt. Robt.) m. Miss Zimmerman, moved to Jeffer- 
son County, Ky., had : 

1. Thomas, 2. William,im. Miss Brisco, 3. John, 4. Gabriel, 5. Smith, m. 
Miss Crane, of Jefferson County, Ky., and represented that county for many 

Thomas Slaughter (Robt., Robt.) m. Miss Robinson, and had: 

1. Robert, of the Grange, m. Miss Stanton, having I. Thomas. II. Henry. 
III. Stanton (Hifth Sheriff), m. Miss Pickett. IV. Authur. V. Augustine. VI. 
Wni. Stanton. VII Martin, of Culpeper bar, m. Miss Boiling of Petersburg. 

2. Augustine, surgeon in the Revolution. 

AxxA Slaughter (Stanton, Robt., Tliomas, Robt., Robt.), m. Rittenhouse 
Stringfellow, and I. Robert Stanton, m. Miss Green, having Anna and Mary. 

II. Martin, m. Miss Willis. III. Rev. Frank Stringfellow, Gen. Lee's famous 
scout, and now Chaplain of the Woodbury Forest High School, m. Emma F. 
Greene, of Alexandria, having 1. Ida, m. Wm. Alex. Bar, rector of Monumental 
Church, Richmond, Va., had Jas. R., B. Barr, Janetta E. and Frank String- 
fellow. 2. Stuart, died singrle. 3. Alice Lee, m. Robert W. Shultice, of Nor- 
folk, Va. 4. Martin Slaughter, m. Lelia Palmer, of Kilmarnock, Va. 5. 
Frank. 6. John Stanton. 

Sarah Slaughter (Robert, Thos., Robert, Robt.) m. Geo. Hamilton, of 
Spottsylvania, and had 1. Dr. Hugh Hamilton, m. Miss Scott, 2. Sarah, m. 
Roots Thompson, 3. Charlotte, m. Dr. Thornton, and had Susan, and Robert, 
m. dau. of Judge Brooke. 4. Maria, m. Mr. Page, 5. Margaret, m. Geo. Thorn- 
ton, of Ky., 6. Matilda, 7. Jane, m. Jno. L. Marye. 

Col. James SLAUGHTEi^(Robt. Robt.), who commanded a Regiment at 
the battle of Great Bridge, m. Susan Clayton, and had : 

I. Capt. Philip, b. 1758, d. 1849, m. Ist. Peggy French Strother, 2nd. Eliza- 
beth Towles, and had : 

1. Lucy Coleman, m. Isaac H. Williams(see Williams genealogy). 

2. Susan, m. Mr. McConchie. 

3. Polly m. Dr. Prank Conway, having I. Susan, m. Dr. Shepherd. II. Mar- 
garet, m. Philip Clayton,. III. Dr. Philip Clayton, m. Bettie Yerby. IV. Dr. 

4. Eliza French, m. Col. John B. Dade, of King George County, and had 
Capt. Townsend, Philip, and Margaret, m. Edward Smith, of Washington, 
D. C, having Edward, Thownsend, Jno. Battaile, Philip and Ofelia Ann, 
who m. Jas. F. Hansbrough, and had Benjamin F., Lucien, Annie, Eliza French* 
Peari, and Rosalie Fitzhugh. 

5. Sally, m. Judge Philip Slaughter, of Ky. 

6. Daniel French, m. 1st. Letitia Madison,(see Madison genealogy), and had 
I. James Edwin. II. Philip Madison, m. Clementine Luzenberg of New Or^ 
leans, having Edward Luzenberg, m. Lucy Williams, and Mary Clement, m. 
Hugh Hamilton Jr., who had Cornelia Long and Edwin Slaughter. Daniel 
French, m. 2nd. Mary W. Winston, and had I. Mary Wallace. II. Eliza French. 

III. Caroline. IV. John M. V. Daniel Alexander, who m. Katherine Somer- 
ville, having Daniel French. 

7. Thos. Towles, M. D., m. 1st. Jane, dau. of Reynolds Chapman, of Orange* 
and had I. Thos. Larkin. II. Reynolds Chapman, m. Louise Lake. III. Col. 
Philip Peyton, C. S. A., m. Emma Thompson, having Elizabeth Pendleton, 
who m. Lucien Smith, and had Katherine Mercer. IV. Dr. Alfred Edwin, C. 

88- • ' 

S. A., m. Jennie Taylor, and had 1. Robert Carroll, 2. Jane Chapman, hk Judge 
Moore, of Nelson county, and had Downer, 3. Sadie Patton, 4. Alfred Edwin. 
V. James Shepherd, Lieut. C. S. A. VI. Col. Mercer Slaughter, C. S. A., ge- 
nealogist and literateur, m. Mary Bull, and had Mary and Vivian. VII. Rich- 
ard, Lieut. C. S. N. Thos. Towles Slaughter, M. D. m. 2nd. Julia Bradford, 
and had Jane Chapman, and Robert Madison, M. D., who m. Fanny Innis, 
having Virginia Lemoine, Julia Bradford, Nanny Strieker, and Robt. Innis. 

8. Rev. Philip, D. D., m. Anna Sophia Semmes, and had Mary Elizabeth, 
and Sophia Mercer, m. Thos. Towles Slaughter. 

9. Mary, m. Robt. A. Thompson, M. C. of Virginia and Judge in California, 
grandson of the Rev. John Thompson, and had I. Sarah E., m. Dr. Huie, hav- 
ing Robt., Sadie, m. Roots Thompson, and others. II. Robert A., editor of So- 
noma Democrat, and collector of customs at San Francisco, m. Elizabeth 
West, having Mary Nixon, m., Jennie, m. Mr. Whitaker, of Philadelphia, An- 
drew Glasell, Elizabeth and Wilmer. III. Thos. Larkin, M. C. from Califor- 
nia, and minister to Brazil under Cleveland, m. Marion Satterlee, having Mary, 
m. Mr. Whipple, Francis, Hugh S., Edith, and Grace. IV. Reginald Heber, 
Judge of the City Court of Louisville for many years, m. Elizabeth Howison 
Thompson, dau. of Col. Lightfoot Thompson. He died, full of honors, April 
2, 1899, having won for himself the title of **The Sir Galahad of the Louisville 
Bar." V. Frank Poulson, Superintendent of Prison Reform in Central Ameri- 
ca, where he died of yellow fever in 1898, m. Mary West, and had Mary, m. Mr. 
Mea]*s, Page, m. Lieut. Cunningham, U. S. A., Helena, Thomas, John, Rober- 
ta, and Augusta. VI Mary Mercer, m. Gen. Ord, U. S. A., and hadl. Lucy, m. 
Lieut. Mason, U. S. A., having three daughters, of whom Mercer is the eldest. 
2. Mary Mercer, 8. Roberta, 4. James, 5. Lieut. Garusha, killed in the charge at 
San Juan in 1898, and 6. Edward. 

10. Anne Mercer, m. 1st. Edward Robertson, having Cornelia, who m. .Dr. 
R. K. Long, and had Mary Mercer, m. Dr. Henry Somerville, having John Wil- 
son, Cornelia Long, Jennie, and Harry Tunstall. Anne Mercer, m, 2nd. Philip 
Slaughter, of Rappahannock, and had I. Dr. John Philip, m. Kate Foster, hav- 
ing Mary Mercer, Thos. Foster, C. E. , Cornelia Long, Sophie Clayton, m. Ma- 
rion Speiden, James William, and Delia Towles. II. Thos. Towles, m. S. M. 
Slaughter. III. Bessie, m. Dr. F. S. Hall. IV. Edward Mercer, killed at the 
battle of Newtown, aged seventeen. 

11. Samuel, m. 1st. Miss Banks, and had I. Emily, m. S. K. Bradford, hav- 
ing 1. S. S. Bradford, who m. 1st. Miss Walden, and had Emily, m. Miller, and 
Flora, m. Travers Dahiel, having Alice, Minnie and Travers. S. S. Bradford, 
m. 2nd. Fanny Battaile, and had Slaughter and Caroline Grandine; 2. Louisa, 
m. Gen. Wright, having Edward, Rosa, m. Mr. Smith, and had I. Lt. Wright 
Smith, U. S. A. II. Mollie, m. Mr. Wooten, and had Dr. Herbert, Harry, and 
Isabel, m. Dr. Richardson; 3. Robert Bruce, 4. Rose. m. Prof. Nairne, of Col- 
umbia College. N. Y., 5. Maria Champe, m. Mr. Van Schaik, and 6. Dr. Alfred. 
II. Col. Wm B., m. dau. of Judge Slaughter, and had Mary. III. Col. Henry 
Slaughter, m. Mary Tony, having Burgess. IV. Maria, m. Prof. Bailey, of West 
Point, and had Loving, Whittaker, and Samuel S. V. Louisa, m. Gen. Mer- 
rill, U. S. A., and had Wm. Emory, S. S., and Anne Loving. VI. Dr. Philip Clay- 
ton, m. Mary McDowell, and had Ella, John, Clayton, Wood, and Clarence. 

VII. Isabella, m. Col. Burbank, U. S. A., and had Sally, Fanny, and a son. 

VIII. Lavinia, m. Mr. Jack, of Ky., and had Matilda, Frances, Rebecca, and 
others. Samuel (2nd. son of Col. James) m. 2nd. Virginia Stanard (see Carter 
genealogy) and had 1. Columbia, m. William Green, L. L. D., of Richmond, 
having John, killed in battle, and Bettie, who m. Jas. H. Hayes, having John, 

Columbia, m. W. J. Walker; Soinerville, m. Ewing Eachins; Henrietta; Bettie; 
Virginia, m. Mr. McDonough; Lucy; and William. 2. Virginia, m. Dr, Daniel 
S. Green, having Br. William, Samuel S., and Mary, m. Richard Morton. 3. 
Sally Champe, m. Rev. William F. Lockwood, of Md., having Dr. William, 
Bessie, Mary, and another son.4. Marcia, m. Maj. John B. Stanard (see Carter 
genealogy). III. TliDmas Smith, Jackson elector in Ky., b. 1778, d. 1838, m. 
JiUcy Bibb, and had 1. John m» ahd left three sons and two daughters. 2. Thos: 
Jefiferson, banker in New York, m. Mary Henry, relative of Patrick Henry, and 
had Henry, m. Miss Wainwright, having Gertrude, and Mayhew, Julian, Clay- 
ton, Gabriel, Lucy, m. Dr. , Mattie, m. , and Mary, 

m. Mr. Emmons, of Chicago. 

IV. Robert, m.Margirat Peadleton, and hil l.JolmPandleton, who died in 
Culpeper; 2. Philip, 3. Geo. Clayton; 4. James, m. Miss Fergerson, of Culpeper, 
having James Burr, of Louisville, Ky., who m. 1st. dau, of Judge Carpenter, 
of Bardstown, 2nd. dau. of Rav. Frank Thornton. 

V. George m. and died in Culpeper. 

VI. Anne m. R3uben Fry,(83ft Fry genealogy.) 

VII. Sally m. McLaughlin. 

VIII. ' — m. Judge Speed. 

IX. Mary m. Bell. 

Lawrkxck Slaughtkr (Robt., Robt.) killed in battle at Point Pleasant, 
m. a dau. of Col. John Field. 

GEORaK SLAuaHTKR( Robt., Robt.) m. a dau. of CoL John Field. He 
raised ^ne of the first companies of **Minute Men" of Culpeper, and after the 
Revolution, went to Kentucky, with Gaorge Rodgers Clark, and commanded a 
fort at the falls of the Ohio, and was one of the founders and first trustees of 
the City of Louisville. Died in Columbus in 1815, leaving no issue. 

John SLAuaHTKR (Chas., Robt., Robt., Robt.) m. Miss Armistead, and had 
Chas., Sarah, and Pauline. Chas. m. Miss Coleman and moved to Tennessee. 

Dr. Robert Slaughter (Chas., Robt., Robt., Robt.) m. a dau. of Rice 
Garland, and had 1. Chas., lawyer of Lynchburg, and member of State con- 
vention, who m. Kate Garland, having Lillian, Mary, Chas. A., and Kate; 2. 
Dr. Samuel, m. Miss Henderson; 3. John F., lawyer, m. Miss Harker, having 
Chas., John F., Robt., Samuel, Edith, and Susan. 4. Austina, m. R. W. Brod- 
nax, having Mary and Celeste. 

Gabriel Slaughter (Robt., Robt., Robt.) m. Isc. Miss Slaughter, 2nd. 
Miss Hoard, of Caroline, and had John. He was the Governor Gabriel Slaugh- 
ter of Kentucky, and the officer who was so highly recommended by General 
Jackson for his gallantry in the battle at New Orleans. 

Jessek Slaughter (Robt., Robt., Robert.) m. Miss Slaughter. 

AuJUsriJfE SL\UGmrKa (R3bt., RDbt,. Robt.) m. Fisher, and lived near 
Harrodsburg, Ky. 

William, brother of John S., m. Lucy Brown; children, 1. William, m. Fan- 
ny Brown, and their son Alfred is Principal of Prairie Home Institute, Mo., 
and their son Capt. Daniel Slaughter, C. S. A., m. Miss Berry, and lives in 
Madison; 2. Catherine, daughter of William, m. William Armstrong: children, 
John, William, Ringgold, Lucien, and Edward, and a daughter Mary Ann; 3. 
John, son of William, m. Miss Harper, and moved to Zanesville, Ohio, Reuben, 
weTnt to Tennessee, Gabriel to Missouri, George m. 1st. Miss Adams, m. 2nd. 
Miss Slaughter, Elizabeth (Mrs. Yates) Ellen, daughter of William, m. Benja- 
min Fickliu: children Slaughter W., m. Caroline Wilkins of Baltimore, Benja- 
min F., had an adventurous life,and died in Georgetown, D.C.,Lucy Ann (Mrs. 
Brockman), Elizabeth (Mrs. Dunkum); Ellen (Mrs. Dr. Brown), Susan (Mrs. Dr. 


Hardesty), Lucy, daughter of William, m. W. W. Covington: children, John, 
Warren and William, D. C. The last was captain C. S. A. Nancy, daughter 
of William, m. G. W. Thomas, and their daughter, m. Fenton Henderson of 
Leeshurg and left several children. 

Of the Slaughter family of Culpeper there were seven officers of the Revo- 
lution. Col. James and Col. John were members of the Committee of Safety 
of Culpeper. Robert, Francis, Col. Robert, Col. James, Thomas, Robert Jr., 
Lawrence, Cadwallader, Samuel, William B., and Philip, Jr., were vestrymen 
of St. Mark's Parish. 

Dr. R. Coleman Slaughter, of Evansville, Indiana, and Thomas C. Slaugh- 
ter of Corydon are descendants of the 1st. Francis. Some members of the fam- 
ily may be interested in knowing that its chief seats in England were Lincoln- 
shire, Gloucester, and Worcester, and that the first of the name who took up 
lands in Virginia were John 1020, Richard 1653- '55, '79, '89, '95, 1710; Gecwge 
1710, '19, '82. Robert first churchwarden St. Mark's 1782-35. 


[Note : from John Slaughter Carpenter, of Louisville, Ky., we have the 
following. The figures following the name denote the generation.] 

(Robt.i Robt.8 Col. James.8) 
Robert Slaughter^ married Margaret (Peggy) Pendleton about 1783; 
left Culpeper about 1787 for Nelson county Ky. He was bom in 1762 and died 
in 1808 of an accident aged 41 years, leaving three sons and four daughters. 
His widow m. 2nd. John Lightfoot, and had one son« Pendleton Lightfoot, who 
m. Caroline Crow, daughter of Judge Warner Crow, of Davies county Ky., and 
had two sons, Joshua Pendleton Lightfoot, and Warner Crow Lightfoot. John 
Lightfoot lived only about a year. After his death, his widow m. Rev. Joshua 
Morris, a prominent Baptist minister who had been pastor of the first Baptist 
Church organized in Richmond, Va. They had no children. Hon. Robert 
Slaughter represented Nelson county in Kentucky House of Representatives 
in 1798. His colleague was Hon. Ninean Edwards, who was the first Oovemor 
of Illinois, and re-elected by the people of Illinois and afterward U. S. Senator 
from that State. 

Children of Robert and Margaret B. Slaughter, (nee) Pendleton. 

I. James Pendleton Slaughter,^ m. Ist. in Jefferson county, Ky., Sept. 80, 
1805, Mary, dau. of Samuel Fergerson, formerly of Culpeper county m. 2nd. 
Mrs. Fenwick, of Illinois. 

II. Susan Clayton Slaughter ,& m. Capt. Matthew Duncan, U. S. A. 

III. Ann Pendleton Slaughter,-' m. John Dabney Strother in 1811; farmer 
of Nelson county Ky. 

IV. Margaret Bowie Slaughter, •'> m Hon. Samuel Carpenter, of Bardstown, 
Ky. 1815. 

V. Philip Clayton Slaughter,^ m. Miss Betsy Payne, of Logan county, Ky. 
in 1818. 

VI. John Pendleton Slaughter,^ never m. Died in Culpeper county in 1823, 
at the home of his uncle Samuel Slaughter. 

VII. Catherine Slaughter,5 never m; died yoUng. 
(Robt.,1 Robt.,2 Col. Jame8,8 Robt.*) 

Children of James Pendleton Slaughter ,5 and Miss Mary (nee) Fergerson. 

I. Robert Pendleton Slaughter,^ m. Eveline Fenwick, and had several chil- 
dren. • 

II. James Burr Slaugbter,^ m. 1st. in 1837, Margaret Ann Carpenter, dau. 
of Judge Samuel Carpenter, of Bardstown, Ky., children James B. Jr., Mar- 
garet Cambridge, Mary, and Fanny Rawson Slaughter. Fannie m. Wm. Bol- 

ling: Carter, formerly of Virginia, and they have three children: J. Slaughter, 
Fannie Boiling, and Margaret Virginia Carter. Mr. Slaughter m. 2nd. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Grant, dau of Rev. Francis Thornton, and had two children. Miss 
Bessie B. Slaughter, Thornton Grant Slaughter, who m. Edith, dau. of Wm. S. 
Parker, of Louisville, Ky. 

III. Frank Slaughter,^ m. Eulila Fen wick, and had several children. 

IV. George Clayton Slaughter,^ m. Miss Julia Redding, of Shelby ville, Ky., 
and had three children. 

1. James Edward,^ m. 1st Miss Frazier, of Shelbyville, and had one son, 
John E. Slaughter,® m. 2nd. Miss Florence Baker, of Louisville, and had one 
daughter. Elchen Slaugrhter.s 

2. George Clay ton Jr., 7 m. Miss Jennie Cooper, of Nashville, and had two 
daughters, Belle,® and Mary Slaughter.® 

3. Ella Slaughter,^ m. Orlando V. WiisDu, formerly of Louisville, now of 
Kansas City, Mo., and has two children, Orlan do Victor Wilson, and Julia 

(Robt.,1 Robt.,2 Col. James,3 Robt*.) 

Ann Pkndlkton Slaughter,^ m. John Dabney Strother, and had : 

I. Elizabeth Strother,^ m. in 1834, Enoch H. Hinton, moved to Missouri 

II. Mary Strother,8 m. in 1883, Henry Glasscock, moved to Missouri. 
III.Margaret A. Strother,6 m. Wm. H. Slaughter, of Hodgenville, Ky., son 

of Robert Coleman Slaughter, of Hardin county Ky., and his wife Nancy, dau. 
of Thos. Haynes, children : 

1. Anna Slaughter, who m. Dr. Robert M. Fairleigh, of Hopkinsville, Ky., 
and had John, Fannie, who m. Mr. Ware, Madge, Letitia, and Robert Fair- 
leigh. t 

2. Mary F. Slaughter m. Luke Kennedy, of Elizabethtown, Ky; had Lena 
m. Jos. Covington, of Bowling Green, Ky., Margaret, who m. Wallace McKay 
of Louisville, and Anna. 

8 Elizabeth Slaughter. 

4.Wm. H. Slaughter, Jr., farmer near Hodgensville, Ky. 

5. Geo. M. Slaughter, m. and had Nellie, Willie, Margaret and Sarah 

Bess Slaughter. 

6. Emma Slaughter, m. Dr. Garrett E. Smock, of Hodgensville, Ky., and 
had Maggie, and Fannie Smock. 

IV. Dr. Robt S. Strother^ m. Miss Whitney, dau. of Mrs. Gen. Edmond 
Pendleton Gaines by first marriage. 

V. Sarah Strother^ m. Frank Bealmear of Nelson Co., Ky. 

VI. Maria Strother^ m. Wm. Howard of Lee's Summit, Mo., formerly of 
Jefferson Co. Ky. Issue: Anna Howard who m. Mr. Lee,- and had one son 


VII. Dr. Wm. D. Strother^ m. Miss Julia Sanders, dau. of Jos. Sanders of 
Bullitt Co. Ky. Issue: 

1. Mary Elizabeth Strother m. Joseph Field, of Lee's Summit, Mo. 

2. Dr Jos. Sanders m. Miss Cowherd, Belton, Mo. 

3. Hon John D. Strother, Lee's Summit Mo. Atty. Represented Jackson Co. 
in Mo. House of Represenatives. 

4. Geo. Beauregard Strother, Atty. Belton Mo. 

5. Howard Strother, Atty. Belton Mo. 

6. Benj. F. Strother, Ins. Agt., KauHas City. 

7. Sam'l C. Strother, Atty. Kansas City. 

8. Juliet Strother, Lee's Summit, Mo. 

VIII. Emily Strotlier,6 m. Chas. J. Cowherd, Kansas City, Mo. Issue: 


1. Hon. Wm. S. Cowherd, Mayor of Kansas City; now M. C; m. 1889 in Lead- 
ville, Col., Miss Jessie Kitchen. 

2. Miss Sallie Cowherd. 

3. Miss Fannie Cowherd, m. 1889, E. H. Graves, of Lee's Summit, Mo. 

IX. Catherine 'Strother,6 never married. 

X. Dr. John D. Strother,6 m. Esther Elliot, of Bi^ Spring, Ky., Ch.; Dr. 
Wm. Strother, of Big Spring, Hardin county, Ky., and Zelmar Strotber. 

XI. Benj. Strother, of Kansas City, Mo., m. Miss Macauley, of Washington 
City, Ch.; Benjamin, Clement, John D., and William. 

(Robt.,1 Robt.,2 Col. James,3 Robt.^) 

Margaret Bowie Slaughter,5 m. Samuel Carpenter, of Bardstown, 
Ky., Att'y at Law, State Senator, Circuit Judge; children: 

I. Margaret Ann Carpenter,6 m. James Burr Strother, a resident of Louis- 
ville, for over 65 years. He died in January, 1895, in his 80th year. Prior to 
the civil w^r, Mr. Slaughter was a hardware merchant. At the time of his 
death he was the oldest member of the Board of Fire Underwriters, and of the 
First Christian Church of Louisville; children : James B. Jr., Margaret, 
who m. Mr. Cambridge, Mary and Fannie Rawson Slausrhter, Fannie m. Wm. 
Boiling Carter, and has three children, James Slaughter Carter, Fannie Boiling 
and Margaret Virginia Carter. 

II. Rebecca Delph Carpenter,^ m. John A. Y. 'Humphreys, teacher and far- 
mer, of Nelson county, formerly of Spottslyvania county, Va., children : 

1. Margaret Mildred Humphreys. 7 

2. John S. Humphreys,^ farmer. 

3. I)r; Wm. T. Humphreys,^ m. Annie B. Grraham, and had one child, who 
died young. % 

4. Rev. Samuel C. Humphreys,? m. Mattie Thurman. Issue : Robert H. 
Humphreys,8 m. Maggie Boner; John S. Humphreys,^ A B. and A. M.. of Har- 
vard, m. Sue Hite Maxey, and has one son,Samuel Maxey; Emily Humpbreys,^ 
and Brewer Humphreys.8 

5. Thos. J. Humphreys, '5' m. Kate Summers, of Bullitt county, and has two 
children : Rebecca (Reba) Carpenter Humphreys,8 who m. Robert Walter Ow- 
ens, and Lucy Catherine Humphreys.^ 

III. (>atherine Carpenter,^ m. Luther Howard, Jefferson county. Issue: 

1. Margaret (Rettie) Howard, m. Henry V. Sanders, . Treasurer of Colum- 
bia Finance and Trust Company, Louisville. They have four children : Anna 
Blake Sanders, m. Alexander Thompson; Howard C. Sanders, m. Kate Berry- 
man; John W. Sanders; and Ellen H. Sanders. 

2. Ellen Howard, m. David Hardin, of I^elson county, Ky., and had one 
son. Rowan Hardin, a young lawyer ot Louisville, who m. Anne Allen. 

IV. John Slaughter Carpenter,<> represented Louisville, in the Common 
Council, Board of School Trustees and the Kentucky House Representatives, 
m. November 21, 1850, Ellen Blake Cosby, dau. Fortunatus Cosby, editor, edu- 
cator and poet, and grandaughter of Judge Fortunatus Cosby, one of the larg- 
est land owners of Louisville in early times, and great grandaughter of Capt. 
Aaron Fontaine, son of Rev. Peter Fontaine, Rector of Westover Parish, Va. 
over forty years. Issue : 

1. Ellen Blake Carpenter. 

2. Mary Carpenter. 

3. Alice G. Carpenter, m. Wm. Henry Slaughter, son of D. Strother Slaugh- 
ter and grandson of Judge Jas. Slaughter, of Nelson county, Ky., formerly of 
Culpeper county, Va. 

4. Anna Sanders Carpenter, 


5. John S. Carpenter, Jr., Paymaster U. S. Navy, m. Charlotte Clarke, 
lu. of Edward Clarke, Architect of the Capitol at Washington City for the 
ist forty years. They have one child, Evelyn Fessenden Carpenter. 

6. Samuel Carpenter. 

7.Frank Cosby Carpenter, (Fire Insurance Agent), m. Anna Pope Smith, 
J.U. of Thos. Floyd Smith, U. 8. A., and wife Blanche, dau. of Geo. W. Weis- 
nger, of Louisville; Ch: Floyd Smith Carpenter, and Eleanor Blake Carpen- 

V. Lucinda Carpenterfi m. 1 L. L Able, ch: 1 Sallie m. first Ed Harris, and 
ad one daughter, Lucie who m.Chas. D. Pennebaker, Jr., of Washington City 
ad had six children. Sallie m. 2nd. Ludwell McKay. 

2. Margaret C Able m. James E. Callahan, of Louisville, and has five 
lildren: Mattie E., who m. Dr. Frank D. Boyd, of Texas, and has one son, 
rank Douglas; Lulie May, Elliot, Emily L., and Sallie Winifred. 

3. Lou Able m. Geo. M. Abeil of Nelson co. and has four children, Edward, 
eo. M., Robert, Lucile. 

ucinda Carpenter m. 2nd. M. Dupin. 

VI. Mary Carpenter^ m. 1. Dr. Wm. T. Winsor, of Lexington, Mo., and 2nd. 
T. James Muir, of Bardstown, Ky. children: 

1. Susan L. Muir m. Nathaniel Wickliffe Halstead, Issue: Margaret, Muir, 
[ary, Sue, 'Nathaniel, Annie Dawson and Martha Porter Halstead. 

2. Wm. C. P. Muir, Lt. U. S. Navy, m. Annie Dawson Beckham, of Shel- 
yville, Ky. 

3. Dr. Sam'l C. Muir, of Bardstown. 

VII. Samuel Carpenter^J A. B. St. Joseph College, City Attorney of Mem- 
his, Tenn., where he died 1860, m. Annie Merrill. 

VIII. Susan *Carpenter6 m. Hon. Johp Darwin Elliott, of Nelson co., Ky., 
jember of Kentucky Senate, County Clerk of Nelson for many years and Mas- 
er Commissioner, children: 

1. Mary L. Elliot m. John LeBosquet, of Desmoines, Iowa; Issue: Elliott and 
lenry LeBosquet. 

2. Samuel Carpenter Elliott m. Miss C. Jackson, Issue: Darwin Elliott. 

3. LulieP. Elliott m. Capt. Leonard S. Miller;Issue :Susan Carpenter Miller, 
nd Martha Porter Miller. 

4. Amanda Elliott m. Wm. Newman, children: Nellie Elliott, Williams H., 
ohn E., Charles Merrill, Stanley 0., Chester L., and Rockville B. 

5. Charles Merrill Elliott m. Carrie Powers, of Atlanta, Ga.,ch: Henry Pow- 
rs Elliott. 

6. John Carpenter Elliott. 

7. Ellen Carpenter Elliott m. Thos. Hooge, Issue: Nellie and Lucille. 

8. Nannie Elliott m. Ernest Beeler, of New Haven, Ky. ch. Ernest. 

IX. Martha Carpenter^ m. James Joseph Porter, a native of Green co., Ky., 
iotton Commission Merchant of Louisville, President of Board of Trade; chil- 

1. William Porter. 

2. Mary Porter. 

3. Carrie Porter. 

X. James Slaughter Carpenter^ m. Emilie Alston Leach, dau. of Dr. Sew- 
11 J. and Elizabeth Fitts Leach, of Tuscaloosa, Ala. Mr. Carpenter is General 
igent of Com. Mutual Life Ins. Co. for Ky. and Tenn., and was Captain Com- 
oissionary Dep't., C. S. A. children: 

1. Lizzie Carpenter m. Geo. James, of Memphis, Tenn, ch. Emilie Carpen- 
er, James and Edith W. James. 


2. James S. Carpenter, Jr. 

3. Samuel Sidney Carpenter. 

4. Emilie Alston Carpenter. 

5. John Darwin Carpenter. 

6. Norma S. Carpenter. 

(Robti., Robts., Col. JamesS, Robt^.) 
Philip Clayton Slaughter^, m. Miss Betsy Payne, of Russellville, Ky., 
1818. Their only child, Mary, m. Card well Breathitt, son of Gov. John Breat- 
hitt, of Kentucky. Their descendants live in Missouri. 


[Note : From a descendant of Lawrence Slaughter, son of Robert, one of 
the two brothers, we have the following.] 

Lawrence Slaughter, son of Robert 1st., Lieut, in Virginia State Line un- 
der Gen. George Rodgers Clarke in campaign in that part of Virginia which 
is now Illinois, m. Susanna Field, dau. of Col. John Field, (see Field genealo- 
gy page 57, St Mark's) Colonel in Virginia State Line, killed in battle of Point 
Pleasant, Gen. Andrew Lewis commanding. Col. Field was also member of 
House of Burgess from Culpeper county in 1765. 

Children of Lawrence Slaughter and Susanna Field: 1st. John Field Slaugfh- 
ter, m. 1st. Miss Alexander, of Efilngam, Prince William county, m. 2nd. Miss 
Slaughter, dau. of Col. Robert Slaughter, of The Grange, Culpeper county; 
2nd. Anne Slaughter, m. Baylor Banks; 8rd. Mildred, m. James Marye; 4th. 
Robert Field, m. Sai*ah Bond; 5th. Mathilda, m. McCoul; 6th. George S.; 7th. 
Lawrence; 8th. Frances. 

Children of Baylor Banks and Anne Slaughter: 1st: Elizabeth (b. 1784) m. 
William Barker, (1808); 2nd Ann Baylor, (b. 1784) m. L. Roberts (1806); 3rd. Dr. 
Wm. Tunstall, (b. 1788) m. Pamela Somerville Harris (1812); 4th. Lawrence Bay- 
lor, (b. 1790), (died 1797); 5th. John Field, (b. 1792) m. Frances Roberts; 6th. Bay- 
lor, (b. 1793) m. Mary Stern; 7th.*Richard Tunstal (b. 1795) never married; 8th. 
Mildred (b. 1797) m. William Field (1819); 9th. Lawrence Slaughter (b. 1803) m. 
Margaret J. Noble (1834); 10th. George (b. 1805), (died 1808); 11th. Tunstal (b. 

Children of Wm. Barker and Elizabeth Banks, 1st. Joshua (b. 1810) m. Lu- 
cy Ann Mason; 2nd. John Butler (b. 1812) never married; 8rd. Ann Baylor (b. 
1815) m. William Stewart; 4th. Baylor Banks (b. 1818) m. Ist. Martha Ann Sam- 
ple, 2nd. C. Penrith Ewing; 5th Fanny Britton (b. 1821) m. Col. M. C. Gallar 

Children of Lawrence Banks and Margaret J. Noble: 1st. William Henry 
(b. 1834) m. Mary Stewart of Ala.; 2nd. Cyrus Aiken (b. 1836), (died 1843); Srd. 
George Noble (b. 1838), (died 1842); 4th. Mildred Ann (b. 1840), (died 1842); 5th. 

Margaret I^wrence (b. 1842); 6th. Mary Ann (b. 1844), (died 1881); 7th — m. 

John Nichols; 8th. Martha Noble (b. 1847); 9th. Lawrence Slaughter (b. 1849), 
(died 1884); 10th. a son, m. Emma Dial; 11th. James Baylor (b. 1851) m. Neal 
Payne; 12th. Mathilda White (b. 1853) m. W. R. Jones, 13th. Charles Albert 
(b. 1856); 

Children of Dr. William Tunstal Banks, (vestryman for a number of years 
at Madison C. H.), and Pamela Somerville. Harris his first wife: one child, Cath- 
erine J. (b. 1817), (died 1861) m. Benjamin M. Yancey, 1839. Children of second 
wife, Clara Foy, m. 1825, were : 

Ist. William Eldridge, m. Mary Willis; their children were : James W., 
Susan, Ida, Sally, Mollie and Florence; 2nd. Sophia, m.lst. Dr. Talley, 2nd. Mr. 
Allen, no children; 3r(l. Clara m. Jas. B. Willis, and had Clara H., Salley. Wil- 
lie, Sophia, Alice, and Tun>?tal; 4th. John Lawrence m. 1st. Mifes Hobson, 2nd. 

BettieA. Carson, no children. Two children of first wife were: 1st. Min- 
nie Hawes, m. Dr. Richard M. Smith, Ph. D., and had Nellie Blackwell, John 
Lawrence Banks, and Elizabeth; 2nd. William Tunstal. 

Children of Bemjamin M. Yancey and Catherine J. Banks, his wife. 1st. 
Pamela Somerville, m. Capt. Joseph D. Brown; 2nd. Edward D.; 3rd. Dr. Chas. 
K.; 4th, Mary Crimora, m. John W. Payne; 5th. Sallie Thomas, m. John W. 

Children of Capt. Joseph D. Brown and Pamela S. Yancey: 

Ist. Mary Catherine, m. Rufus T. Carpenter, and had Ninette Brown, Stacy 
Harris, Joseph Daniel, Ellie Florence, Frank Hill, and Leslie Pamela. 

2ad. Lilly Banks, m. Thomas M. Henry, Att^ Princeton, N. J., and had 
Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown. 

3rd. Josephine, m. J. Benjamin Flippen, of Cumberland county, and had 
Sue Gray, Elsie Josephine, Harry, Marjorie Pamela„ 

4th. Benjamin Armistead, m. Frances Todd Faunt Le Roy, of Kinj? and 
Queen county, and had Vir^ini us Faunt Le Roy, Joseph Daniel, and Juliet 
Faunt Le Roy. 5th. Andrew Edward. Oth. Gertrude Pamela, m. John Ban- 
nister Sparrow, of Danville, Va. 7th. Florence Armistead, m. Olliver G. Flip- 
pin, of Cumberland county. 

Children of John W. Payne and Crimora Yancey. 1st. Mary Catherine; 
2nd. Emma Carson; 3rd. Fannie Keith; 4th. Crimora Yancey. 


[Revised and corrected by Mrs. Mary Dunnica Micou.] 

The first of the name of Pendleton who came to the Colony of Virginia to 
make their home (in 1674) were two youn^ men, Philip Pendleton, a teacher, 
and Nathaniel, his brother, a clerfa:yman. The latter died very soon, unmar- 
ried; he evidently held no clerical charge in the Colony, as his name has never 
been given among the lists of the clergy of that time. Philip returned to Eng- 
land about 1680; tradition says he married a lady of high social position, but 
she died, and he returned to the Colony, and in 1682 married Isabella Hurt (or 
Hert or Hart,) and from this marriage are descended all the Pendletons of Vir- 
ginia. Philip was born in Norwich, England, in 1650, son of Henry Pendle- 
ton, 3rd son of Henry Pendleton, son and heir of George Pendleton, Gentle- 
man, who married Elizabeth Pettingall dau. of John Pettingall, Gentleman of 
Norwich, Eng. George Pendleton moved from Manchester to Norwich in 1613. 

His son and heir, Henry, probably married Susan because in Vol. 48 of 

the New England Hist, and Gen. Register, is found a copy of the will of Sir 
John Pettus, Knight, of Norwich, Jan. 1613, which says : '^Appoint my cou- 
sin, Henry Pendleton, Supra visor of my estate." Also Thomas Pettus, of 
Caistree, St. Edmond's Norfolk, Oct. 1618. **To my Cousins, Henry Pendle- 
ton and Susan, his wife, annuity out of my houses &c. in Norwich." This fam- 
ily of Pettus is the same as the one in Va. The Pendletons were originally 
from Manchester, where the name was well known, some of them being in 
public life as early as the reign of Henry VIII. The Coat of Arms used by 
the Pendletons of Norwich and by the emigrant, Philip, indicate by the pres- 
ence of Escallop shells and by the Cardinal's chapeau, in the Crest, a connec- 
tion with Crusader traditions. The New England Pendletons, descendants of 
Brian Pendleton, came from Lancaster, and show a different Coat of Arms. 
Philip Pendleton is said to have settled in New Kent Co., but there is no re- 
cord of the family on the Register of St. Peter's Parish; he probably lived al- 
ways in the portion called afterwards Caroline county, the records of which 
were burnt during the war of '61-65. Most of his descendants settled in coun- 


ties to the north of New Kent. He died in 1721, the same year his oldest son 
Henry died, and the same year his grandson, the eminent Judge Edmund Pen- 
dleton, was born. He had three sons and four daughters, two of his family 
married into the family of James Taylor, of Carlisle, Eng., and by other inte^ 
marriages, a close connection with the Taylor family has been preserved. 
Some of his descendants were among the founders of St Mark's Parish. 


Gules, an inescutcheon, argent, between four escallop shells in saltire. 

Or. Crest. On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a demi-dragon, wings 
inverted, or holding an escallop shell argent. 

Philip Pendlktox, born in Norwich, England, 1650, emigrated to the 
Colony in 1674, visited Eng. in 1680, returning, m. in 1682 Isabella Hurt or 
Hart, and died in 1721. issue : 

1. Henrys b. 1683, m. Mary, dau. of James Taylor, of Carlisle, Eng. 1701; he 
d. May 1721; his wife m. 2nd. Ed. Watkins, d. 1770; 2. Elizabeths, m. Samuel 
Clayton, of Caroline county; issue : Philip, of ^'Catalpa." 3. Rachaeis, m. 
John Vass. 4. Catherine^, m. John Taylor; issue : ^' John Taylor of Caroline''? 
U. S. S. 5. John2, b. 1691, d. 1775, m. Tinsley, of Madison county, remov- 
ed to Amherst county. 6. Isabella'^, m. Richard Thomas. 7. Philips, m. Eliza- 
beth Pollard. 

Henry PKXDLKTOnS, eldest son of Philip Pendleitou, .the emigrant, and 
Isabella Hart or Hurt, was born in 1683. He m. in 1701, Mary Taylor, dau. of 
James Taylor,of Carlisle, Eng.. and his 2nd. wife Mary Gregory. Henry was 
18 and Mary 13 years of age. He died in 1721, the same year his youngest son, 
Edmund, was born. His wife m. 2nd. Ed. Watkyns and died 1770. Of his five 
sons, the oldest, James, and the third, Nathaniel, were for many years Clerks 
of the Vestry and Lny readers at the small chapels of St. Mark's Parish; and 
Philip, the son of James, was Clerk in 1782, when the Vestry books closed. 
His two daughters married brothers, James and William Henry Gaines. His 
youngest son, Edmund, though without a father's care, made for himself a 
name which will be known and remembered as long as Virginia's sons read her 
history. By his large circle of nephews and neices, many of them his own 
age, he was loved and revered, and the tradition of his kindness and ever 
ready help is handed down through nearly every branch of the family. Almost 
all the Pendletons of Virginia trace their descent to Henry Pendleton and 
Mary Taylor; their issue were : 

1. James3, b. 1702, m. issue : James*, Henry^:, Philip*, Annie*, m. Tay- 

2. Philips, m. Martha and dying 1778, left 15 children (five of them 

daughters) who intermarried with Gaines, Barbour, Thomas, Turner, &c. 

3.Nathaniel3, b. 1715, m. his second cousin, dau. of Philip Clayton; he d. 
1794, in Culpeper county, Va. 

4. John3, b. 1719; d. 1799; Burgess from King and Queen, 1795: m. Ist. Miss 
James; issue : Edmund*, John*, Elizabeth*, and Mary*; m. 2nd. Sarah Madison 
(cousin of President James Madison); issue : Henry*, Sarah*, James*, Lucy* 
and Thomas*. 

5. Edmund3, b. Sept. 1721, d. at RicUmond, Va., Oct. 1803; patriot and ju- 
rist; m. twice; Ist. 1743, Elizabeth Roy, who died the same year; 2nd. 1743 Sa- 
rah Pollard. There are on record in the Virginia Land Reg. Office grants in 
his name numbering nearly 10,000 acres of land. 

6. Mary3, m. James Gaines. 

7. Isabella^, m. William H. Gaines. She was the grandmother of Gen. Ed- 
mund Pendleton Gaines, U. S. A. 


James PendletonS eldest son of(Henry2, Philipi.) m. Mary Taylor Pen- 
flleton; issue : 1. James4, 2. Henry4, 3. Philip4, 4. Anne^, m. Taylor. 

Jambs Pendleton4, (James3, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Catherine Bowie, dau. 

of Gov. Bowie, of Maryland; issue : 1. JohnS, m. Taylor, 2. Margarets, m. 

Ist. R. Slaughter, 2nd. Morris; 3. NancyS, m. 1st. Brown, 2nd. Valen- 
tine Johnson; 4. Catherines, m. Archibald Tutt; 5. James BowieS; 6. Thomas^, 

na. Farmer; 7. Williams, m. Nancey, dau. of Capt. John Strother; 8. Cat- 

lettS; 9. Elizabeths, m. Henry Pendleton, her cousin. 

John PendletonS, (James*, James3, Henry2, Philipi.);m. Taylor, is- 
sue : 1. JamesS; 2. John T3.; 3. Thomas«; 4. Catherine6. 

Nancy PendletonS, m. 1st. Brown, 2nd. Valentine Johnson, (James*, 

JamesS, Henry2, Philipi.); issue : 1. James Bowiefi; 2. Thomas M6., m Jane Far- 

Thomas PexdletonS, (James*, JamesS, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Farmer, 

issue : 1. WilliamS; 2. James8, m. Conner; 3. Daniels, m. Simms; 4. John6; 

5. Alexander^; 6. George W.6; 7. AnneC, m. John Menefee: 8. ElizaS, m. 


William PendletoxS, (James*, James3, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Nancy 
Strother, issue : 1. John Strothei-e, Mem. House of Del. Va., M. C; served seven 
years in diplomatic service, m. Lucy Ann Williams. 2. Albert Gallatinfi, House of 
Del., d. 1875, m. Elvira Chapman. 3. James French^, Supt. Va. Penitentiary m. 
Narrisa Cecil, issue : 1. Albert G7., 2. John S^., 3. James F7., 4. William C7. and 
5. Edmund?; 4. William6: 5. FrenchS. 

Albert Gallatin Pendleton^, (Williams, James*, James3, Henry2, Phil- 
ipi.) m. Elvira Chapman, issue : 1. son d. youn^?; 2. Nannie Strother'^', m. Judge 
P. W. Strother; 3. Sarah Elizabeth?, m. Van Taliaferro; 4. Alberta Fowler?, m. 
S. R. Crockett. 

Henry Pendleton*, (James3, Heni-y2, Philipi.) (Mem.^of Culpeper Com. 
of Safety 1775, and of Patriot Convention 1775-6) m. Ann Thomas, issue : 1. 

DauS. m. Browning, issue : dau. m. Capt. French Strother, of Missouri; 2. 

DauS. m. Smith; 3. DauS. m. Green, issue : Harriet, Judith, and Caro- 
line; 4. Edwards, m. Sarah Strother; 5. HenryS, m. Elizabeth Pendleton, his 
cousin; 6. FrancesS, m. Ward; 7. Edmunds, m. Elizabeth Ward. 

Edmund PendletonS, (Henry*, James3, HenryS, Philipi.) m. Elizabeth 
Ward, issue : 1. Edward6; 2. William6; 3. Daniel^; 4. Theoderick6, settled in 
riarke county, Va.; 5. Robert W^., resides in Baltimore, Md., (Pres. Valley R. 
R. Co.); 6. Peter«, is Pres. of Valley R. R. Robert W., d. a merchant in 1859; 
7. Geore:e W^., remoAed to Arkansas; 8. Mary Ann^, m. Wm. Foushee; 9. Eliza- 
beth W^., m. E. B. Long, of Baltimore, issue : Gertrude, m. Geo. M. Williams, 
(see Williams genealogy). 

Philip Pendleton3, (HenryS, Philipi.) was born about 1704 or 1705. The 
record of his residence and the names of some of his children is lost; he proba- 
bly lived in Caroline county, because he is mentioned in the only record of 
that county, * not burnt during the Civil War, as witness in a suit in 1768 and 
as having travelled 30 miles to attend Court. His wife is supposed to have been 

named Martha , because of a deed of sale to his stepfather, Ed. Watkyns, 

in Culpeper county, signed by Philip Pendleton and wife, Martha. He is said 
to have had 15 children, live of whom w^ere daughters, all married, according 
to the records in Judge Pendleton's bible. Of these five daughters, Mary, the 
oldest, m. Col. Edmund Waller, second clerk of Spottsylvania. Jemina, m. her 
first cousin, Richard Gaines, son of Isabella Pendleton and Wm. Henry Gaines. 
Martha, m. Massey Thomas, of Culpeper county, the other two are said to have 
been named Mildred and Judith, but their record is uncertain. There was a 


son Henry, as is proved by deed in Orange county, land left to him to go after 
his decease to his sister Mary Waller, recorded in 1742. A great-grandaughter 
of Philip mentions sons of his : *'John, Edmund, Philip, and I cannot re- 
member all tlieir names." Some of them probably moved West as did his 
daughter Mai*tha. His youngest son Micajah, lived and died in Amherst coun- 
ty; Philip Pendleton died in 1778; his four children of whom we have record 
are as follows : 

I. Mary4, m. Col. Edmund Waller, 3nd Clerk of Spottsylvania, issue : 1. 
JohnS; 2. Leonards; 3. Wm. Edmund^; 4. BenjaminB; 5. Ann5, m. 1783, Geo. Ma- 
son, issue : Nancy«, m. Henry Coleman, issue : 1. Sally^, m. Charles B. Clai- 
borne; 2. EmmaT, m. Henry Rose Carter, issue : HillS; Nannie^, m. Judge Redd; 
Edward^; CharlesS; and MaryS. 

II. Jemina* or Germina, m. Richard Gaines, issue: 1. William5; 2. LucyS, 

m. Botts; 3. Rowland;5 4. Germinal, m. Speak; 5. Benjamin5; 6. Na- 

thaniel^; 7. JamesS; 8. Judith^, m. Chancellor; 9. Annie5, m. Crigler; 

10. John CookB; 11. Elizabeth^, m — ■ Thomas. 

III. Martha^, m. Massey Thomas, son of Massey Thomas, of Culpeper 
county; they moved to Varsailles, Woodford county, Kentucky, about 1811; all 

their children were born in Va., issue : 1. Fannie TaylorS, b. 1788, m. 

Lewis; 2. Philadelphia Pendleton^, b. 1789, m. James Dunnica; 3. Sallie Minor^, 
b. 1791, m. William Hamilton Dunnica; 4. Granville Pendleton^, fought under 

Gen. Harrison in 1813 to 1815; 6. Virginia Curtis^, b. 1794, m. Norwood; 6. 

John Priced, b. 1794; 7. Martha CurtisS, b. 1798, m. Ramsey. 

Philadelphia Pendleton ThomasS, (Martha Pendleton*, Philips, Henry2, 
Philipi) m. James Dunnica, moved to Missouri, issue : 1. Fontaine Murray®, m. 
Caroline P. Harrison, issue: Leon?, and George P^.; 2. Martha Zerelda®; 3. 
Lew^ann Melvina®; ^. Granville Priced, m. Mary Ann Bagley, issue : MaryT, m. 
Rev. Richard W. Micou, and had Granville PriceS; 5. America Vespucia«, m. 
Isaac Cutler; C. William Hamilton^, (killed at Battle of Atlanta, Ga., C. S. A.); 
7. John Ijogan^; 8. Fannie Sallie Virginia®. 

Sallie Minor Thomas», (Martha Pendleton*, Philips, HenryS, Philipi,) m. 

William Hamilton Dunnica, issue : Louise^, m. Baber; Granville Thomas^; 

Virginia^, m. Pollock. 

John Price Thomas^>, (Martha Pendleton*, Philip'^, Henry3, Philip^,) 
issue : Adelia^, m. Burns; James Waller^; William Massey6. 

IV. Micajah Pendleton*, youngest son of (Philip3, HenryS, Philipi,) ni. 
Mary Cabell Horsely, dau. of Wm. Horsely, of Amherst cx^unty, issue : 1. Mar- 
tha^), d. unmarried; 2. Edmund'*; 3. EdnaS, m. Dabney Gooch; 4. JosephB; 5. 
Elizabeth''*, m. Thomas Emmet, issue : Pendleton^, and two daughtens; 6. Leti- 
tla Breckenridge^, m. Hudson Mai-tin Garland, issue : Breckenridge C«., Henri- 
etta M6., m. Pleasant S. Dawson; 7. Robert^, m. Mary Taliaferro, issue: 
Rosa6, m. Henly. 

Elizabeth Pendleton^, (Micajah^, Philips, Henry2, Philipi,) m. Thomas 
Truxton Emmet, son of Lewis Emmet and Jane Barnet Gibbs, dau. of Gbi^ch- 

ill Gibbs and Judith Richardson, son of Gibbs and Churchill. JLewis 

Emmet was son of John Emmet and Mary Stephens, dau. of Maj. Peter Steph- 
ens and Miss Rittenhouse, of Philadelpha, issue : Pendelton Enimet^, m. Alice 
Pringle, and has two daughters; he was Lieut, in the C. S. A.; was taken pris- 
oner and sent to Johnson's Island until end of the War. 

Nathaniel PENDLETON3,(Henry2, Philipi,). He was born 1715; m. his 

second cousin, dau. of Philip Clayton; he d. 1794, in Culpeper county Va. issue: 

1. Nathaniel b. 1746, d. in New York, Oct. 20, 1821. Entered Rev. Army 
in 1775, aide-de-campe to General Greene; prominent lawyer and jurist in 

^e^w York; second of Alexander Hamilton in his duel with Aaron Burr; m. 
^usan Bard; 2. Wiliiam* b. 1748, settled in Berkeley county, and was a 
aitbful layreader of the Church of England, as was also his son, William, who 
v-as the father of the late Rev. WilMam H. Pendleton; 3. Henry4, b. 1750, d. in 
5. C, Jan, 1789. Eminent as jurist and patriot; numerous descendants in S. C; 
Pendleton District in that state named in honor of him; 4. Philip* b. 1752, 
Vlartinsburg, Va.; 5. Mary*, m. John Williams, no issue; 6. Elizabeth*, m. Ben- 
jamin Tutt; 7. Susanna*, m. Wilson. 

T^ATHANIEL PENDLETON*, (Nathaniel3, Henry2, Philipl,) m. Susan Bard, 
ssue : 1. Edmund H5., Judge, M. C. Left no issue; 2. Nathaniel Greener>, b. 
Savannah, Ga. Aug. 1793, d. June 10, 1861. Aide to Gen. Gaines 1813-16; mem- 
>er Ohio'Senate 182V23; M. C. 1840 2; father of Hon. George H. Pendleton; 3. Bard5, left no issue: 4. James M5., m. Margaret Jones, issue : Capt, James 
tf . Jones; 5. Anne F5., m. Archibald Rogers. 

Philip Pendleton*, (Nathaniels, Henry2, Phiflpi.) m. Pendleton, 

ssae : 1. Philip C5., (U. S. District Judgre): 2. Edmunds (Washington, D. C); 3. 

Vane-'i, m. Kennedy; 4. Sarahf>, m. 1st. Hunter, issue : Hon. R. M. T. 

[funter; m. 2nd. Dandridge, issue : seven children; 5. Mariaf>, m. John R. 

Uooke, (celebrated lawyer), issue: Phil. Pendleton, (poet) and John Esten, 

novelist); 6. Elizabethf>, m. Hunter. 

Philip C. Pendleton^, (Philip4, Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi,) issue : 1 
Philip«; 2 Edmunds, (Judge Circuit Court); 3. E. Boyd6. 

William Pendleton*, (Nathaniels, HenryS, Pliilipi,) was born 1748, m. 
Elizabeth Daniel, of Culpeper, moved to Berkely county; had a large estate, 
which he left to his son, William. He was a man of classical education, and 
composed many sermons and essays. He had seven daughters and three sons, 
a.8 follows : 

1. Maryo, m. Nicholas Orrick, issue : Cromwell, and other children; 2. Eliz- 
abeths, m. Ferguson; 3. Susan^, m. Wigginton; 4. Ellen^, m. 1st. 

James Walker, issue : William; 2nd. Lindsay; 5. Ben amin», m. 5 times, 

issue : Catherine and James, d. young; 6. Frances^, m. James Campbell; 7. 

Nathaniel^, m. had children, moved to Ohio; 8. Emily«'>, m. Dyer, moved 

to Missouri; 9. Williams. 

William PendletonS, (William*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi,) was b. 
1789, ni. 1811 Susan, dau. of Stephen Snodgrass, and his wife, Elizabeth Ver- 
dier, dau. of the Countess of Monti, whom. Francis Verdier, and being Hugue- 
nots, were forced to fly from France. Susan (Snodgrass) d. 1834. He m. 2nd. 
Mrs. E. A. Robinson; d. 1855, issue : 

1. Anne Eliza^, b. 1812, d. 1884, m. Amos Williamson, issue : Samuel, Susan, 
Benjamin, Robert, Amos, Edmund, and Annie; 2. Susan Verdier Sheperd6, b* 
1813, d. 1888, m. James Campbell Orrick; 3. Eleanoi-e, b. 1815, d. 1844, m. Na- 
thaniel Pendleton Campbell; 4. William Henry6, b. 1817, d. 1873, m. Henrietta 
Randolph; 5. Nathaniel6, b. 1820, d. 1824; 6. Robert S6., b. 1824, d. 1880, m. 
Mary Pfeiiffer; 7. Philip Edmunds, b. 1827, d. 1830; 8. Stephen James6, b. 1831, 
killed at Malvern Hill; m. Emma H. Taylor, issue : Emma, Claudia, and Wil- 
liam H. 

Susan Pendleton^, (Williams, William*, Nathaniels, Henry3, Philipi,) m. 
James Campbell Orrick, issue : 1. Rev. William PendletonT, Dean of Cathe- 
dral at Reading Pa.; 2. Charles James^, m. Helen Marr Lewis, issue: Jesse 
LewisS, Virginia Pendleton^, and Helen CromwelR 

Robert S. PendletonS, (William5, William*, Nanthaniel3, Henry2, Phil- 
ips,) m. Mary A. Pfieflfer, issue : 1. Mary M7.; 2. William H7., m. Ellen Wright; 
3. J. Philip B7., m. Edith Hower; 4. Robert Edmund^. 


Rev. J. Philip B. Pendleton^, (Robt. S6., William^ William*, Nathan- 
iels, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Edith F. Hower. Rector of St. George's Church, 
Schenectady, N. Y., issue: Edith May St. George®, Edmund Randolph®, and 
Philip Claytons. 

William Pendleton®, (William5, William*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi.) 
was b. 1817, d. 1873; m.Henrietta, dau. of Dr. Philip Grymes Randolph; was or- 
dained at the Theological Seminary, 1813. Had parishes in Fauquier, Roanoke, 
and Bedford counties; was an eloquent preacher, and an indefatigable worker; 
issue : 1. Lucy Welford Randolph^; 2. Susie Randolph^; 3. Mary Randolph?; 
4. Philip Randolph^; 5. Henrietta Grymes?; 6. Ellen Shepherd?; 7. Garnett Pey- 
ton?; 8. Rev. William H. K?. 

Edmund PendletgnS, (Philip*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi.) m. issae: 

Isaac Purnell®; 2. Serena®, m. Dandridge. 

Anne Pendleton^, (Philip*. Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi.) m. Ken- 
nedy; issue : 1. John Peadleton®, b. in Bait. Oct. 26, 1795, d. in Newport, R. I. 
Aug. 18, 1870. (LL. D. H. H. 1863, author and politician, M. C, Sec. U. S. Navy 
1852); 2. Andrew®; 3. Philip P®.; 4. Anthony®, U. S. Senator. 

Elizabeth Peni)LETon5, (Philip*, Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi.) m. 

Hunter; issue : 1. Philip Pendleton®; 2. David®; 3. Andrew®, Charlestown, W. 

Va., (distinguish lawyer); 4. Edmund P®; 5. Elizabeth®, m. Strother, issue: 

Gen. D. H. Strother, '*Porte Crayon"; 0. Mary Matthews®: 7. Moses H®.; 8. 
Louisa Brooke®; 9. Nancy®, m: Rev. John Hoge, D. D., issue : John Blair, (Cir- 
cuit Judge, W. Va.) 

Elizabeth Pendleton*, (Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Benjamin Tutt; 
issue: 1. Mildred^ m. Burkett Jett, of Loudon county, Va.;- 2. Lucy5, m. 
John Shacldeford, (Commonwealth Att'y., Culpeper county, Va.); 3. Dau5, m. 
Capt. John Williams; 4. Dau^ m. William Broad us, (Clerk of Culpeper county, 
Va.); 5. Elizabeth-^; 6. Annie^, m. Robert Catlett, of Fauquier county; 7. Chas. 
P5., issue: Dau. m. Charles Bonnycastle (Prof . Univ. of Va.), Dau. m. Joshua 
Colston, Dau. m. Maj. Throgmorton, of Loudon county. 

Lucy TuttS, (Elizabeth^, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi;) m. John Shackle- 
ford, issue : 1. Elizabeth®, m. Minor Gibson of Rappahannock county, in 1818; 

2. Mary®, m. Col. Catlett Gibson, of Culpeper county; 3. Henry®, m. Miss Ross, 
Culpeper county; 4. Barlow®, m. Miss Doty, of Wisconsin; 5. St. Pierre®, m. 
Elvira Gibson; 6. Muscoe Livingston®, U. S. A., killed in Mexico; 7. Martha®, m. 
Richard Spotswood; 8. John Lyne®; 9. Benjamin Howard®, m. Rebecca Green, 
dau. of Jones Green. 

Elizabeth Shackelford®, (Lucyf> (Tutt), Elizabeth^, Nathaniels, Henry2, 
Philipi.) m. Minor Gibson; issue : 1. Lucy E".; 2. Mary Ellens m. James Porter, 
M. D., Frostting, Md.; 3. Martha Irene"; 4. Isaac'J', (Episcopal clergyman) m. 
Annie Wingerd, of Georgetown, D. C, 1853; 5. Alcinda Esthers m. G. E. Por- 
ter, M. D., of Md.; 6. John St. Pierres M. D., m. Mary Wallace, Augusta, Ga.; 
7. Moses'J'; 8. James Green'*'. 

Rev. Isaac GjbsoxT, (Elizabeth® (Shackloford), Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, Henry^, Philipi;) m. Annie Wingerd; issue : 1. John Shackleford^ 
(Episcopal clergyman), m. 1881, Ilicia Davis, dau. of Dr. J. M. Davis, Trenton, 
N. J.; 2. Ethel Wingerd^; 3. Muscoe Minors, (Lawyer) m. Amy Whitton, Norris- 
town. Pa.; 4. Delia Pendleton^. 

Rev. John Shacklefohd Gibson^, (Rev. Isaac Gibson"), Elizabeth®, 
(Shackleford), Lucy5(Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi.) m. Ilicia 
Davis; issue: 1. Frances Bodine», b. Nov. 1881; 2. James DaviesO, b. Oct. 18^H; 

3. Anna», b. Sept. 1.S85; 4. John Shackleford«, b. Jan. 1887; 5. Philip Pendleton^, 
b. June 1890. 


MusGDE M. Gibsons, (Rev. Isaac GUbsonT, Elizabeth6 (Shackleford), Lacy5 
(Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi). m. Ainy Whitton; issue : 1. 
Anna Bertha»; 2. Joseph Whitton». 

Mary E. Gibson?, Elizabeth« (Shackleford) Gibson, Lacy5 (Tutt), Eliz^ 
beth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philpi). m. Dr. Jas. Porter; issue : 1. Luey8, m. in 
Maryland; 2. GlissenS, m. Hattie Hollingsworth, Winchester. 

Alcinda E. Gibson?, (Elizabethe (Shackleford), LucyS (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, HenryS Philipi). m. G. E. Porter; issue : 1. EmmaS; 2. Franks, Min- 
ister M. E. Church, m. Miss Miller; 3. MuscoeS, d. naval cadet at Annapolis; 4. 
Elizabeth PendletonS; 5. Minor Gibson M. D8.; 6. Alexander Shaw M. D8., Sur- 
geon U. S. A., m. Miss Keen. 

John St. Pierre Gibson?, (Elizabethe (Shackleford), LucyS (Tutt), Eliz- 
abeth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi). m. Mary Wallace; issue : 1. Edwin LaceyS, 
M. t)., m. Mary Miller, Raleigh, N. C; 2. Elizabeth PendletonS. 

Mary ShacklefordB, (Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*. Nathaniels, HenryZ, 
Philipi). m. Col. Jonathan Oatlett Gibson; iseueil. Mary Catlett?, m. Milton 
Fitzhugh, and had Milton Catlett Fitzhugh, of California; 2. Lucy Ellen?, m. 
John Strother Buckner (see issue below.); 3. Ann Eustace?, m. James B. Welch, 
of Ala., died leavifig LeilaS, m. A. H. Davis, Eustace, m. Sally Berry, Susan, m. 
James Leisure, and Thomas; 4. Wm. St. Pierre?, Lieut. Cav. C. S. A. Killed at 
Westminster; 5. Jonathan Catlett?, (enlisted as a private in the Culpeper 
Minute Men. Was rapidly promoted and became Colonel of the 49th. Virgin- 
ia Infantry, succeeding Col. Wm (*'Extra Billy") Smith. Represented Culpep- 
er county in the Virginia House of Delegates for a number of terms), m. Mary 
G. Shackleford, and had Edwin H8., m. Janie Grigg, having Jonathan Catlett^ 
and Edwin Agnew^; and FelixS, died single; 6. Mildred Williams?, died young 
and unmarried; 7. John Shackleford?, died unmarried; 8. Snsan?,died young; 9. 
Eustace?, m. Mattie Lacklin, and had Pierre, Howard and Lee. Represented 
tfiie Huntingdon, W. Va. district in the House of Delegates, being Speaker, 
and also ip the U. S. House of Representatives for two terms; 10. Edwin?, died 

Lucy Ellkn Gibson?, (MaryO (Shackleford), Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi). m. John Strother Budkner, having 1. Mary Eliz- 
abeths, who m. Richard P. Spiers, of North Carolina, and had Winfield Buck- 
ner^, Mary'Dandridge*, and Helen Strother^; 2. Aylette HawesS, who m. Anna 
Burt, of Ala., and had Bert^ John Strother^, Aylette Hawes^, Martha Ball^; 
3. Anne Eustace^; 4. EugenieS, who m. W. I. Winfield, of North Carolina, and 
had John Buckner», Edith Spottswood», Courtlandt Scott», Gladys Gibson^, 
Richard Marshall^, and William Meade»; 5. Blanche St. PierreS, who m. John 
E. Dove, and had Lucile Buckner^^. 

Hknry Shackleford«, (Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nathaniels, HenryS, 
Philipi). m. Elizabeth Ross; issue : 1. Mary George?, m. Col. Jonathan Catlett 
Gibson; 2. Lucy?, m. 1st. Judge Sinclair, 2nd. Emile Le Grande; 3. Kate?, m. 
Corbin Jameson; 4. Bessie Lee?, m. Capt. C. H. Lester, U. S. A.; 5. Shirley?, m. 
RJ^v^ W. R. Davis, and had Henry ShacklefordS. 


John, 4th. son of Henry and Mary (Taylor) Pendleton, b. 1719, d. 1799, was 
in his 58th. year at the beginning of the Rev. war; he held various oflQces of hon- 
or and trust in the Colony of Va., and in the Senate. He was appointed by a 
convention of delegates of the Counties and Corporations in the Colony of Va. 
at Richmond Town, on Monday, July, 17th., 1775, to sign a large issue of Treas- 
ury notes. These notes were issued upon the credit, taxes and duties having 
teen suspended to suit the distressed circumstances of the Colonists. The 


issue was about £350,000 and the ordinance read; !*of the notes to be so issued, 
50,000 shall be of the denomination of one shilling, and shall be signed by John 
Pendleton, Jr., Gentleman, which notes last named shall be on the best paper. 
John Pendleton was appointed, by the Governor of Va., Judge of her courts 
at a time when they were composed of the leading men of the Colony." (Tak- 
en from Henning's Statutes at large, 9th Vol). He m. 1st. James; issae: 

1. Edmund*, b. 1758, m. 1773, Mildred Pollard; 2. John*; 3. Elizabeth4; 4. Mary*, 
m. 2nd. Sarah Madison, (cousin of Pres. Madison), issue : 1. Henry*; 2. Sarah*; 

3. James*; 4. Lucy*: 5. Thomas*. 

Edmund Pendleton*, (John8, Henry2, Philipi). of White Plains, Caroline 
county, m. Mildred Pollard, youngest sister of Sarah Pollard, 2nd. wife of 
Judge Edmund Pendleton. Issue : 1. Edmunds, b. 1774, m. 1794, 1st. Jane B. 
Page, 2nd. 1798, Lucy Nelson; 2. Mildreds, b. 1776, m. 1798, Thomas Page; 3. 
Johns, m. Annie Lewis. 

Edmund PendletonS, (Edmund*, Johns Henry2, Philipi). The estate 
called "Edmundton," was given to him by his great-uncle, Judge Edmund 
Pendleton. He m. 1st. Jane Burwell Page; issue : one dau. Elizabeth Page, 
m. John C. Sutton. Edmund m. 2nd. Lucy Nelson in May, 1798; issue : 1. 
Hugh Nelson6, m. Ist. Lucy Nelson; 2nd Elizabeth Digges; 2 Mildred«, m. Ed- 
mund A. Pendleton, of Augusta, Ga.; 3. Judith PageO, m. Robert H. Harrison; 

4. Francis Walker«, M. D.,m. Sarah F. Turner; 5. Rev. William 5Jelson6, m. An- 
zolette Page; 6. Robert Carter«; 7. James L6., m. Analethia Carter; 8. Guerdon 
H6., m. Jane Byrd Page. 

Hugh Nelson PendletonB, (Edmunds, Edmund*, Johns, HenryS, Philipi). 
m. Lucy Nelson; issue : 1. Julia?, m. James Allen, issue : Hugh Allen. He m. 
2nd. Elizabeth Digges; issue : 1. Dudley Digges^^, m. Helen Boteler; 2. Robert 
Nelson?, m. Fannie Gibson; 3. Kennith?. 

r Mildred Pendleton«, (Edmunds, Edmund*; John3, Henry2, Philipi). m. 
Edmund A. Pendleton, of Augusta, Ga.; issue: 

1. Edmund Lewis?, m. Catista E. Norton; issue : Edmonia, m. F. S. Mosher 

2. William?, m. Zemula C. Walker. Has four sons. 

3. John?. 

4. Hugh?, (twin brother of John,) m. Rebecca Jones. Has two sons and 
two daughters. 

5. Judith Page?, m. Richard B. Williams. 

6. Anuistead Franklin?, m. Isabella Garvin; issue : two daughters and one 


7. Annie Elizabeth? 

.Judith Page Pendleton^, (Edmunds, Edmund*, JohnS, Henry2, Philipi). 
m. Robert H. Harrison; issue: 1. William L?., m. Lama A. Lumpkin; issue: 
Robert, Rosa, Annie, Mary, and Lama; 2. Mary F?., m. Dr. James E. Williams. 

Dr. Francis Walker Pendleton«, (Edmunds, Edmund*, JohnS, Henry2, 
Philipi). m. Sarah F. Turner; issue : 1. Robert Carter?; 2. Nannie F?; 8. Mil- 
dred E?., m. Tasker Crabbe, issue : Fannie. 

Rev. William Nelson Pendleton^, (Edmunds. Edmund*, Johns, Hen- 
ry2, Philipi). m. Anzolette Page; issue : 1. Susan?, m. Ed. Lee; 2. Mary?; 3. Rose?; 
4. Alexanders?., m. Kate Corbin, d. 1864; 5. Nancy?; 6. Leila?. 

James L. Pendleton^, (Edmunds, Edmund*, JohnS, Henry2, Philipi). m. 
Analethia Carter; issue : 1. Samuel H?., m. Sallie A., dau. of Philip H. Pendle- 
ton; 2. Thomas Hugh?; 3. Emma Walker?^ m. Robert C. Little; 4. Martha Car- 
ter?, m. Joseph M. Furqurean; 5. William J?., m. Mary J. Royall. 

John PendletonS, (Edmund*, John3, Henry2, Philipi). m. Annie Lewis; 
issue : 1. John LewisO; 2. Edmund Allen^; 3. William Armstead^ 4. Charles 
Lewisfi; 5. Robert Taylor«; 6. Benjamin Franklin^; 7. Nathaniel Philip Henry«; 
8. Elizabeth Allen6; 9. Eveline Mildred6. 

Edmund^ and Mildi'ed (Pollard) Pendleton had five daughters : one m. 
■Taylor; two m. Turners; one m. Page; one m. Richards. 

Henry Pendleton*, (Johns, HenryS, Philipi) He was born in 
1762, d. 1822. Mem. House of Delegates Va. 1805. m. Ist. Alcey Ann Winston, 
2nd. Mrs. Mary B. (Overton) Burnley. Moved to Louisa county, 1786; issue : 

1 . Edmund^ m. Unity Yancey Kimbrough; 2. John BeckertonS, b. 1788; 3. 
Josephs, in. Elizabeth Ha^es Goodwin; 4. Thomas M6., m. Miss Jackson, b. 
1804; 5. J. B5.; 6. Matilda W5., m. P. Strachan Barret; 7. Henry5, b. 1789, d. 
1801; 8. Sarah Madison5, m. Philip Winston, of Hanover county, b. 1793; 9. 
Barbara OvertonS, m. William Philips, b. 1795; 10. Lucy A5., m. John Voroles, 
b. 1799; 11. Catherine RB., m. Dr. Frank Johnson, b. 1801; 12. Elizabeths, b. 
1806; 13. Martha T5., m. Capt. J. M. Trice, b. 1803; 14. Wm. James6, m. Cather- 
ine M. Harris; 15. Alice Winston^; 16. SamuellaS, m. Tompkins. 

Col. Edmund PendletonS, (Henry^, JohnS, Henry2, Philipi). m. Unity 
Kimbrough, and moved to Cuckoo, Louisa county, 1823. In the war of 1812 he 
was Capt. of a company from his State; issue : 

1. Madison^ , m. Elizabeth Barrett; 2. Joseph K^., m. Charlotte Harris; 3. 
Elizabeth^, m Thompson Goodwin; 4. William Kim brought, m. 1st. Lavinia 
Campbell, 2nd. Clarinda Campbell, 3rd. Catherine King; 5. Sarah^, d. young; 6. 
Henry6, d. young; 7. Philip Barbour^, m. Jane Kimbrough Holladay. 

Du. Madison Pendleton^, (Col. Edmund^, Henry4, JohnS, Henry2, Phil- 
ipl). m. 1829, Elizabeth Kimbrough Barrett; issue : 1. John B^., mem. 23rd Va. 
Reg. Gamett's command, at Rich Mountain, 1861; 2. Edmund S7., 1st. Serg. Co. 
F. 4th Va. cavalry, also Ass't. Surgeon, C. S. A.; 3. Charles K7., 2nd. Serg. 4th 
Va. cavalry, prisoner in Fort Delaware 14 months; 4. Wm. B7., Adj., of Talia- 
ferro's brigade, lost a limb at the battle of Cedar Mountain; 5. Joseph Madison?; 
6. Philip Henry?, Carrington's Battery, C. S. A., killed at Spottsylvania C. H., 

May 1864. 

Dr. Edmund S. Pendleton?, (Madison6, Col. Edmunds, Henry*, John3, 

Henry2, Philip^), m. 1st. Susan M. Trice, 2nd. Sallie W. Flipps; issue : 1. Mary 

IJnityS; 2. James MadisonB, d. Jan. 14, 1899; 3. John HenryS, d. March 5, 1900; 4. 

Katherine KimbroughS; 5. Susie Strachan^; 6. Edmund Littleton^; 7. Edmund 

Strachan Jr8; 8. Littleton FlippsS. 

John Henry PendletonB, (Dr. Edmund S?., Madison^, Edmunds, Hen- 
ry^, John3, Henry2, Philipi). m. Mamie G. Porter; issue : Edmund Barton^. 

Katherine K. Pendleton^, (Dr. Edmund S?., Madison^, Edmund^, Hen- 
ry4, John3, Henry2, Philipi), m. J. W. Smith, of N. C; issue : Virginia Pendle- 
ton^; John Bellamy^. 

Susie S. PendletonS, (Dr. Edmund S?., Madison^, Edmunds, Henry4, 
JohnS, Henry2, Philipi). m. Edward Dillon, Lexington, Va.; issue: Edward Jr9. 

John B. Pendleton?, (Madison^, Edmunds, Henry*, Johns, Henry2, Phil- 
ipi) m. Sallie A. Meredith; issue : Elizabeth B8., m. Dr. Eugene Pendleton, 
issue : John Barret^, d., Eugene BarbourS, LewisS, AnneS. 

Charles Pendleton?, (Madison^, Edmund^, Henry*, John3, Henry2, Phil- 
ipi). m. Lucy T. Chandler; issue : 1. Madison Strachan^, b. 1876; 2. Thomas 
Chandlers, b. 1878; 3. Elizabeth KimbroughS, b. 1879; 4. Mary WashingtonS, b. 
1881; 5. Charles KimbroughS, b. 1885; 6. Harry Leighs, b. 1888; 7. Brodie Hern- 

don8,b. 1891. 

William B. Pendleton^, (Madison6, Edmunds, Henry*, John3, HenryS, 

Philipi). m. Mrs. Juliana Meredith, (nee) Pendleton; issue : 1. Phil. HenryS, m. 

Charlotte Reid; isssue : Julia and Elizabeth; 2. Alice 08., m. Schuyler Moon; 3. 

Julia MadisonS; 4. Bessie K8; 5. William Barret Jr8. 

William Kimbrough Pendleton^, (Col. Edmunds, Henry4, John3, Hen- 

ry2, Philipi). Pres. Bethany College, Mem. Constitutional Convention, W. Va., 


1873; d. 1899; m. let. 1840, Lavinia Campbell, 2nd. 1845, Clarioda Campbell, Bid. 

1855, Catherine Huntin§rtOD King; issue : 

1. Alexander Cv.; b. 1841; 3. William C^,, b.l849, m. Helen K, Austin; iesne: 
AoHtin Campbeli, b. 1881; 3. Clarinda Hnntington', b. Aupr. 35, 1858, m. 1879, 
Joseph Rucker Lamar, ofAufcusta, Ga.; issue: Philip RuckerS, William Pen- 
dletonS, Mary8;4. HuntinsrtonKinirT, h. 1881, m. 1884. Martha Wellman Pai- 
ton; issue : Kathertne KinffS, b. 1885, Mary Whitehe^B, b. 1888, GeorRe Pai- 
tons, b. 1888, PraneeB Jean8, b. 1889; 15. Philip TaneeyT, b. 1868, m. 1893, Ada 
Harvout Lloyd; issue : William LamarS, b. 1896, Bieaiioi*, b. 1868; 6. Winston 
KentT, 1869. m. 1898, Daisy Bell Watt; issue : Stewart Watt*; 7. Dwigbt Lymau', 
b. 1S71. m. 1899, Sarah Prewitt. 

Joseph K. Pendleton*. (Col, Edmunds, Henry*, Johna, Henry*, Phillpl). 
m. Charlotte Harris; issue : 1. Dr. LewisT. m. Mary Kean; 8. JaneT, m. John 
Hunter, Jr.; 3. HenryT. 

EUKABBTH PENDLKTONft, (Col. EdmundB, Henry*, JohnS, Henry«, Philipi). 
m. Thompson Goodwin; Had Edmund P. GoodwinI, m. Locy Chiles; issne: 
1. Weir R8., m. Virgie Chiles; issue: Virginia and Weir Jr.; 2. Rosa EliiabethS; 
3.Lucy FendalH; 4. Edmund P»., m. Beulah Maddox; issue : Inei L., William 
P., Beulah L., Lucy R., and Edward P.; 6. Anna Rhodes8;6. Thompson W.9, m. 
Martha Terry; issne : Mary; 7. Feudal*. 

Dr. Phiup Barboiib PesdlktonB, (Col. Edmunds, Henry*, Johns, Hen- 
rys, PhiHpi). m. Jane Kimbrough Holladay; issue : 1. Madison H''., m. E. Mil- 
dred Davis; 3. Eugene, M. D'., m. Blieabeth B. Pendleton; issne: John*, Eu- 
genes, and AnnieS; 3. Louise', m. Rev. L;J. 8pen(Mr; issue: JessieS, Gale^. Bea* 
and Julia«; 4. Joseph KL, m. Ida Kaufman; 5. WiUiam W.. m. Blanche Craijt- 
hill; issue: Philip C»; 6. Ella Ki„ m. D. S. McCarthy; issue: JennieB, Maria*, 
Ediths, Danfl, and Ella»; 7. Lizzie YT., m. Percey Thornton; issue: Henry*, 
Dan8. Floras, Mary*; 8. Philip Barbour Jr'. 

Dr. Joseph W. PesdlrtonO, (Henry4. Johns, Henrya, Phillpi). m. Eliza- 
beth Hawes Goodwin; issue : 1. MaJ. Joseph Hb., lu. Margaret Ewlng; 3. John 
08., b. 1829, m. 1851, Annie L. Harris; 3. Mary B«., b. 1883, m. 18.17, Prof. Chas. 
J. Kemper; issue : Charles, b. 1859, Georee, b. 1870, Maury, b. 1874, Graham, b. 
1877; 4. Blizabeth«, m. Dr. Jolin Anderson, 1854: issue : Eliwibeth and Mattle; 
Mattie, m. John L. Bowles; issue : Blinabeth. John, and Augustus; 5. Luoj-«. 

Joseph H. Prndlktosth, (Dr. Josephs, Henn"*, JohnS, HenryS, Philipi). b. 
1837, d, 1881, m. 1848, Manraret Ewing. Mem. House of Del. Va., 1883. Brev- 
etted Lieut. Colonel C. 8. A.; issue : 

1. JosephT, b. 1840; 2. John OJ., b. 18-)7; Mem., of Consrress from W. Va., 1838-90; 
3. Henry HT., b. 18)3, Consul to SouthUmpton, Eng.. 1387-89, Assist. Atty. Gen. 
W. Va.; 4. Elizabeth Wi., b. 1855; 5. Ida ET., b. 1858, m. 1871, Frank P. Jepeon; 
issue : EvelynS; 8. Virginia QT., b. 1881. m. 1888, Andrew U. Wilt.on; issue : John 
PendletonS; 7. Margaret JT., b. 1868, m. 1892 Geo. S. Hughes; lasoe ; John Pen- 

John B. PkndlktonB. (Dr. Josephs, Henry*, Johns, Henry*, Philipi). h. 
1839, in. 1851, Annie L. Harris; issue : 1. SarahT, b. 1852; 2. John!, b. 1861, ra. 
1883, Corrinne M. Davis; issue : Edmund Cs, Annie Ifl., Ida D8., Hemy HS., 
David MS,, John S^,, and Philip DH.; 3. Barbara^, b. 1804, m. 18B0, John Hoo- 

Thomas M. PkndlbtonS, (Henryi, Johri3, Heavy-'. PhUipi). m. Miss Jack- , 
son; issue: William J6.,and Elishafi. 

Dh. William Jas. Pemdleton5,( Henry*, JohnS, Henrj-'-!, Philipi). b. I 
d. 1873 m. 1831, Catherine M. Han-is; issue : 1, Dr. David H.«, b. isaa. d. II 
1865, Juliana Hunter; issue: 1. Hunter, A 
White; Issue : Nancy Lewis Hillah; 2. Fred H6.; 

Bue : Kate, Lottie, William; ni. 2nd. William B. Pendleton; 5. AliceO, b. 1843, 
. 1877, m. 18a0, Waller Overton; issue ; Katet, b. 1871, SuBanl. b. 1874, and Wll- 
arai', b. 1878. 

M&tildA W. PendlktokB, (Henry*. JohnB, HenryS, Philipl). b. 17S2. d. 18- 
0, m. 1810, P. Stra«han Barret; issue : 1. Alexander B«; b. 1811, d. 1801, m. 18- 
Q, Juliana Harris, Igaue: Alexander^, m. Emma E. Chinnook; issue ; Lily^, Cecils, 
'^ir^inias, m, Theodore K. Gibbs: 3. John HenryC; 3. Mary6, m. Samuel Mallo- 

y; issue : John B., Sarah Elizabeth, m. Wilson; 4. 3arah«, m. 1841, Wal- 

iT HoUaday; 5. William ThomaeB; 6. Carolinefl; 7. Lucy«. 

Sarah Strachan BabbbtB, (Matildas, Henry*, JohnS, Henry2, Philipi). 
Q. Waller Holladay; issue : 1. Maryi, m. 1882, H. FitihuRli Dade; issue : FitK- 
lUKhS. Barrets, Wallei*, JeasieS, LeIiaS, Alberts; a. Mattiei, m 1883, Miles H. 
l-ardner; issue : SarahS; 3. Ijouisa^, b. 1>M5, m. Wm. U. McCarthy; issue : 
frauks, AgnesS; 4, FrederiekT, b. 1B47, Mem. House of Delegates. Va., 1855-6, m. 
at. Janet Warrett, 3nd Fannie Garrett; issue: Garrett", Waller", Fredericks, 
tallies, Maxwells, and Liarie**, 

JoHsB, MallortT, (Mary A. Barrett, Matilda WB., Henrj-*, Johns, Ken- 
ya, Philipl). m. Sallle GIms; issue: 1. Roberts, m. Lockie White; jgsne: Holla- 
lay; 3. MaryS, m. H. F. Dade Jr. ; a. JohnS; 4. Samuels. 

Mary Holi^day", (Sarah K. Barrets, Matilda Ws., Henry*, JohnS, Hen- 
■ys. Philipl). m. H. F. Dade; issue : 1. Henry FitzhuRhS, m. Mary Mallory; 2. 
Valler HolladayS, m. 1st. Blanche Farra, 3nd. Eliz. Khodehainel; issue : Anna 
Jelle*; 8. Jessie Conways, m. B. D. Serogin; issue : Blanche". 

JoHx Hknrt Barrkt«, {Matilda WK. Henry*, Johns, Henry«, Philipl). m. 
)usan Rankin; issue : John Henry'!, Jas. RankiiiT, SusanL 

William Thomas Barukt*. (Matilda W6., Henry* JohnS, HenryZ, Phil- 
pi). ID. Elizabeth Towles; issue : ThomaaT, Strachan', BettyJ, Alexander!". 

Sarah Madisok PrndletosB, (Henry*, Johns, Henrys, Philipl). m. Philip 
^. Winston; issue : William Overton«, Bickerton Ifi., John R«., Philipa, Barba- 
a*, Edmund Thomasf, Joseph Pendleton*, and 0. Ms. 

Frances Samukla Pbsdlktonb, (Henry*, John8, Henrys, Philipl). ra. W. 
il. Tompkin; issue : PendletonB, Alexander^, JohnS, Joseph Bickertons, 

Barbara Ovkrton PkndlktokB, (Henry*, JohnS, HenryS, Philipl). m. 
ffilliam H. Phillips; issue: 1. Sarah Elizfl.. m. 1st. B. P. Trice, 3nd. C. C. Bran,- 

ord; 8. Dr. William Hb., b. 1819, d. 1884; S. Catherine JS., b. 1826, m. Kyle; 

..Joseph PendletoH*. b. 1828, d. 18-<2; Ti. Richard SB., b. 1830, d, 1858, m. M. E. 
Christian :2ehildren; 6. Patty P8., b. 1838, m. Dr. JohnG. Boatwright. 

JoHS Hknry BarrktI. (John H. Barrets, Matilda W6., Henr>-t. Jolin^. 
UenryS; Philip'), in. Henrietta OfHtt; issue : 1. Mary!*, m. Jas. Heddino; issue : J. 
Barret Spencer*; a. Augustas, m. Earl Carley; issue : John Barret". 

Jas. Rankin Barrkt", (John H- BarretB, Matilda W'., Henry*, Johns, 
5enry«, Philipl). m. Lucy StUes; issue : HenryS, Susan". 

Susan Barrkti, (John H. Barrets. Matilda W'"'., Henry*, John-i, HenrjS, 
l>hilipl). m. Jas. Rankin; issue : Susans. EwingS. 

Thomas F. BabrhtT, (Thoums BarretB, Matilda Ws.. Henry*, John^, 
ienry^, Philip';, m. Clara Prioffie; issue : 3 sons and 3 daughters. 

Strachan BarrktI. (William Thomas BarretB, Matilda W'., Henr;-*, 
Iohn», Henryi, Philip'.) m. Margaret Rudy; isaue : 4 sons. 

Euzabkth Barrkt", (Wm. Thomas BaiTet", Matilda W''., Henry*, Jolm^i, 
iearr^, Philip'), m. Fred. Eldridge. 


Wan the flfeh sou of Henry Pendleton and Mary Taylor. Hia father died 
lefore hia birth. The f olio wing Bketah of hhu is taken from Appleton's Enoy- 


'* Edmund Pendleton, statesman, was born in Caroline county, Va. 8th 
Sept., 1721. His grandfather, Philip, descended from Pendleton, of Manches- 
ter, Lancaster county, England, came from Norwich, Eng., to this country in 
1674. Edmund began his career in the Clerk's office of Caroline county. He 
was licensed to practice law in 1744; became County Justice in 1751, and the fol- 
lowing year was elected to the House of Burgesses. In 1764 was one of the 
Committee to memorialize the King. During the session of 1766, he gave the 
opinion 'that the stamp act was void, for want of Constitutional authority in 
Parliament to pass it,' and voted in the affirmative on the resolution that the 
'act did not bind the inhabitants of Virginia.' He was one of the Committee 
of correspondence in 1763; County Lieutenant of Caroline in 1774. A member 
of the colonial convention, of the latter year, that was consequent on the Bos- 
ton Port Bill, and was chosen by that body to the first Continental Congress. 
Accordingly, in company with George Washington, Pejrton Randolph. Patrick 
Henry, Benjamin Harrison, and Richard Henry Lee, he attended in Philadel- 
phia in 1774. Ah President of Virginia Convention, he was at the head of the 
govermnent of the Colony from 1775 until the creation of the Virginia consti- 
tution in 1770, and was appointed President of the Committee of Safety in that 
year. In May, 1770, he presided again over the convention, and drew up the 
celebrated resolutions, by which the delegates from Virginia were instracted 
to propose a declaration of independence in Congress, using the words that 
were afterwards incorporated almost verbatim with the Declai^ation. As the 
leader of the (>avalier or Planter class, he was the opponent of Patrick Henry, 
and as leader of the Committee of Public Safety, he was active in the control 
of the military and naval operations, and of the foreign correspondence of Vir- 
ginia. On the organization of the State Government, he was chosen Speaker 
of the House, and appointed, with Chancellor George Wythe and Thomas 
JefTei"8on, to revise the Colonial laws. In 1777, he was crippled for life by a fall 
from his horse; but the same year he was re-elected Speaker of the House of 
Burgesses, and President of the Court of Chancery. In 1779, he became Pres- 
ident of the Court of Appeals, holding the office until his death. He presided 
over the State Convention, which ratified the Constitution of the United States 
in 1783. His mastprly advocacy of the document gained him the encomium 
from Jefferson that 'taken all in all, he was the ablest man in debate that I 
«^'ver met with.' He received very large grants of land from the State, and 
having no children, was ever generous to his nieces and nephews, whose de- 
scendants still hold his memory in tender veneration. He married twice— Ist. 

Elizabeth Roy, 3nd. Sarah Pollard. He died in 1808.^' 

JoHX Pkxdlktox^, (Philipi). m. Tinsley. Had son William^, whose 

will, probated in Amherst county, gives the following children by Tiame [this 

correction is made by the authority of a descendant of Edmund, the 4th sou, 

who has a copy of the will of William, dated 1775.]: 

1. Benjamin*, emigrated after Rev. War to Kentucky; 2. Isaac^, emigrated 

after Rev. War to Kentucky; fi. John*, emigrated after Rev. War to Kentucky; 
4. Edmundt, emigrated to Tennessee; issue : Benjamin^, emigrated to M is.<<onri , 
and had Edmund«, moved to Texas, having George C. Pendleton^, Belton, Tex- 
as: 5. Richard*, m. Tinsley, his first cousin; issue: William^, Betty'*, 

Iiucyj>, Sarah'i, James'i, Pauline«>, Reuben'>, Polly'>, Richards, Henry5; 6. Reu- 
ben*, m. Ann Garland, of Amherst; 7. James*, m. Rucker; 8. William*; 0. 

Polly*, m. Whitten; 10. Sarah*, m. Mahone; 11. Frances*, m. 

Camden; 12. Betty*, m. Baldock; 18. Margaret*, m. Miles. 

Rkubkx PKNDiiKTON*, (William^, John'i, Philipi). m. Ann Garland; issue : 

1. William Garland*"*, (ylerk of Richmond Chancery Court, Register of State 

Land Office, 1814-28, member of State Council, Proctor of IJni. of Va; 2. Jatues 


S5., m. Aldridge, of AmheriBt county, d. in California, 1851; 8. NancyS, m. 

Capt. Ware; 4. SophiaS, m. Powell; 5. PollyS, m. 1st. Wills, 2nd. 

^Seay, 3rd. Nowlin; 6. Eliza5, m. Walter Scott; 7. Jane^, m. Crow; 

8. MarthaS, m. Ist. Lucas, 2nd. Stovall; 9. PrancesS, in. Staples; 

10. Harriets; 11. MicajahS, M. D., b. 1796, d. 1861. M. D. degree from U. of New 
York, 1816, U. of Penn. 1819, m. 1822, Louisa Jane Davis, b. 1806, d. 1840, great- 

grandaughter of Robert and (Hughes) Davis, who settled in Amherst 

about 1720 upon a tract of land numbering 10,000 acres. Their descendants by 
marriage are connected with the Beverleys, Dudleys, Raglands, Burks, EUises, 
and other prominent Virginia familes. Micajah Pendleton m. 2nd. 1844, Mary 
Ann Cooper. 

William Garland PendletonS, (Reuben*, Williams, John2, Philipi). m. 
Mary G. Alexander; issue : f. Alexander^, officer in the National Observatory; 

2. Stephen Taylor«, Principal of High School, Richmond, Va.; 8. Douglas^, en- 
gineer; 4. Mary6, m. — '■ — Hightower; 5. Eliza^, m. Reid. 

James Sheperd PendletOnS, (Reuben*, Williams, Johu2, Philipi). ni. 

Aldridg**; issue : 1. Robert^, Clerk of Amherst county; 2. James Sheperd^, m. 
Mills, of Richmond; 3. Nancey«, m. William H. Rose. 

Macajah Pendleton^, (Reuben*, Williams, John2, Philipi). m. 1st. Louisa 
Jane Davis, 2nd. Mary Ann Cooper; issue : 1. Edmund^, m. Cornelia Morgan, of 
Cincinati, O., (now living at Buchanan, Botetourt county, Va); issue : Wil- 
liam W"., Lizzie C"., and E. Morgan^; 2. Ann Garland^, m. Lewis Bough, of 

Amherst county; issue : Cornelia P7., m. Clarke, of Ga., Louisa Jane'J', 

Virginia Grovel, Alice Dudley"?, Nannie Lewis'3'; 3. James Dudley^, (M. D.) As- 
sistant Clerk Va. Senate, m. Clarai Pulliam, dau. of William Rock, of Buch- 
anan county; issue : William D7., R. Edmund D7.; issue of Macajah and Mary 
Ann Cooper 1. Williame, 2. CharlesO, 3. Elizabeths, 4. Walter«, 5. Louisa6. 

Philip Pendleton^, (Philipi). m. Elizabeth Pollard: issue : 1. Benjamins, 
m. Mary Macon; 2. Daughters. 

Benjamin PejstdletonS, (Philip2, Philipi). m. Mary Macon; issue : 1. Jas^., 
(Officer in Rev. Army.); 2. Philip*, from whom the Pendletons of King and 
Queen county are descended; 3. Dau4., m.- • — Holmes. 

Elizabeth Pendleton2, (Philipi). m. Samuel Clayton, of Caroline coun- 
ty; issue : 1. Major Philips, of **Catalpa", m. Ann Coleman; issue : Maj. Philip*, 
of Rev. Army, Lucy*, m. William Williams, Susan*, m. Col. James Slaughter, 
Dau*., m. her first cousin, Nathaniel Pendleton, Dau*., * m. Crittenden; 2.- 

Nancy3, m. Jeremiah Strother. 

Lucy Clayton*, (Philip (Clayton)3, Elizabeths, Philipi). m. William Wil- 
liams; issue : 1. Lucy5, m. William Green, having one child. Judge John W. 
Greenfi, of the Va. Court of Appeals (see Green genealogy); 2. JohnS, m. Miss 
Hite (see Williams genealogy); 3. Gen. James5, m^ Eleanor Green (see Williams 

and Green genealogy); 4. Philips, and 5. Williams, m. Croutson and 

Bur well, respectively (see Williams genealogy); 6. Mary5, m. John Stevens, son 
of Gen. Edward Stevens, and died childless., 

Isabella Pendleton2, (Philipi). m Richard Thomas; issue : 1. Mary3, m. 
Thomas Barbour and had Gov. James and Judge Philip Barbour; 2. Cather- 
ines, m. Ambrose Barbour; issue : several sons. ^ 

Catherine Pendleton2, (Philipi). m. John Taylor, son of James Taylor, 

of Carlisle, Eng. issue: 1. Edmunds, m. Annie Lewis; 2. John3, m. Jliss Lynne; 

3. JamesS, m. Anne Pollard; 4. Philips, m. Mary Walker; 5. Williams, m. Miss 
Anderson; 6. Josephs, m. Frances Anderson; 7. MaryS, m. Robert Penn; issue : 
GabrieU; 8. Catherines, m. Moses Penn; issue : John*, one of the "Signers"; 9. 
Isabellas, m. Samuel Hopkins; 10. Elizabeths, m. Ist. Lewis, 2nd. Bul- 


[By George M. Williams.] 

The Williams family of Culpeper are descendants of Peere Williams, of 
London, Barrister at Law, and author of Reports of Decisions in the English 
Courts of his day. 

Three brothers, James, John, and Otho, emigrated together about the 
year of 1698, and landed at the mouth of the Kappahannock River. They ap- 
oended the river and when they reached the Fails, where Fredericksburg now 
is, they separated. James went to Maryland, John ]*emainecl, and Otho went 
to North Carolina. 

Johui m. a Miss Dixon, who, according to the family tradition, was of the 
same family as Roger Dixon, the first Clerk of Culpeper county— He had two 
children : William^ and John2. William2 m. Lucy Clayton, dau. of Major 
Philip Clayton, "Catalpa," and had eight children : 1. John3, who was a Ma- 
jor in the Revolution; 2. James3, who was a Captain in the Revolution and 
(General m the war of 1813, m. Eleanor Green; 8. Philip3; 4. William C3.; 5. MaryS, 
m. John Stevens, son of Gen. Stevens, but had no children; 6. LucyS, m. Wil- 
liam Green; 7. Sasannah3, died unmarried; 8. Isabel leS, died unmarried. 

John2, the second son of Johni, m. Mary Pendleton, and died leaving no 

John3, the oldest son of William2, m. Miss Kite and had three children : 1. 

Isaac H4: 2. John GK; 8. Ellen*. 

Isaac H*. was a distinguishsd lawyer, and m. Lucy Slaughter, dau. of 
Capt. Philip Slaughter (see Slaughter genealogy), and had seven children : 1. 
OpheliaS; 2. P. French^; 3. EleanorS; 4. Isaac W., died unmarried; 5. Eliza5, 
died unmarried; 6. John James^; 7. Lucy AnnS. 

Ophelia^ m. Rev. George A. Smith, of Alexandria, and had seven children: 
1. Isaacfi, who never married; 2. George Hugh«, Colonel in Confederate service; 
8. Mrs. Dunbar Brooke^; 4. Eliza6, who m. Mr. Corse, of Alexandria; 5. Henry«; 
«. Eleanorfi; 7. Belle". 

P. French^ the second daughter of Isaac H*., m. John M. Patton, one of 

the ablest lawyers of his day, for eight years a member of Congress, and had 

nine children : 1. Robert W* . who died unmarried; 2. John M«.; 3. Isaac W^.; 4. 

(George S6.; 5. W. Taxewell«; 6. Eliza«; 7. James French": 8. Hugh Mercer«; 9. 

William Mh. 

Eleanopi, the daughter of Isaac H*., m. Dr. Hite, of Amherst County, and 

had five children : 1. Isaac"; 2. Ecjmund"; 8. Fontaine"; 4. ' Maury"; 5. Eliza^. 

John James^J, son of Isaac H*., m. Miss Thompson, and had three children : 

1. Frank"; 2. Henry"; 3. Thornton". 

John G*., the second son of John3, the son of William2, m. Mary Tntt and had 
two children : 1. Mary Stevens^; 2. John G. Jr^>. Mary Stevens^* m. Henry 
l^orter, and had several children. John G'">. m. Miss Mason, and had two chil- 
dren: a son and daughter living in Giles county, Virginia. 

Ellen*, the daughter of John^, the son of William2, m. Nimrod Long, and 
had three children : 1. Danghter-'i, Who m. Mr. Turner-^She was the mother of 
Judge R. H. Turner^*, of the Winchester Circuit, and of S. S. Turner", member 
of Congress; 2. Daughter^ who m. Mr. Lovell, and had one child, John T"., 
who was Judfee of Warren county; 8. Johnf>, who left no children. 

Janies'i, the sec^^nd son of William2, lu. 1st. pjleanor Green, and had three 

children : 1. William*; 2. James*; 8. Saj'ah*. He m. 2nd. Elizabeth Bruce, and 

had six children : 1. Fanny B*; 2. Charles B*.; 8. William B*: 4. I^ucy Ann*; 5. 

Philip*; G. Elizabeth*. 

William* m. Anne Stubblefield, and had nine children : 1. Auner> and 

2. Ellen'i (tAvins); 8. James'i; 4. Sally-s 5. Fanny'): G. William^; 7. George 8^.; 8. 

Charles B. Jr5.; &. LucyS. Of these, AnneS in. Dr. Alfred Taliaferro, and had 
six children : 1. Ellen Green«; 3. Susan Conway6; 3. Anne^, 4 . GeorgiannaO; 5. 
Williamfi; 6. Aliee6. EUenS, one of the twins, m. Ennis Adams, of New York, 
and died without children. James^, the oldest son, m. Rosalie Pitzhugh, and 
had four children : 1. William P6; 2. Charles B6; 3. Thomas^; 4. James G«. 

SallyS, the 3rd. daughter, m. Edwin 8. Taliaferro, and had one child : Sal- 
lyfi, who m. James Vass, and had three children. 

FannyS, the 4th. daughter, m. Joseph Pannill, and had seven children : 1. 
Lucytt, 2. Williame, 3. GeorgeB, 4. Sallies, 5. John6, 6. Susan6, 7. Fanny6. 

Williams, the second son of Williaih*, m. Fanny Pannill, the sister of Jos- 
eph, and had two children : 1. William^; 2. Lucy6. He was married three 
times, but had no children by his second or third wife. 

George S5., the 3rd. son of William*, moved to Kentucky^ was married 
and had children. 

Charles B5., the 4th son of William*, died unmarried. 

Lucy AnnS, the 5th daughter of William*, m. Thomas Fitzhugh, and had 
four children : 1. Sally Roane6; 2. Parke6; 3. Williamfi; 4. NannieO. Sally RoaneB 

m. O'Mohundro, left no children; Parked m. Miss Wrekham, and had one 

child, William"; Nannie^ m. Wash. Peace. 

William F. Williams^ m. Margaret N. Walker, and had James A7., Ellen 
N7., Rosalie F7., Margaret Bruces and Lucy Ann?. 

Charles Bruce Williams^ m. Kate Daniel, and had Inez7, Celeste^, Alpheus^, 
Chas. Bruce?, Bernard?, and Lucile?. 

James Green Williams^ m. Jessie Wood, and had Annie Bell?, Mary? and 

James M?. • 

James*, the son of James^, died unmarried. 

Sarah*, the 1st daughter of JamesS, m. George P. Strother, and had one 
child, James FrenchB. (See Strother genealogy). 

Fanny B*., the 2nd. daughter of James*^ m. Fayette Ball, son of Col. Bur- 
gess Ball, who was a cousin of General Washington, and who m. a daughter 
of General Washington's brother, Charles. She left no children. 

Charles B*., the 3rd son of James3, m. Ann M. Hackley, and had eight chil- 
dren : 1. Ann Eliza^, who died in childhood; 2. Fanny5, who m. E. S. Taliafer- 

ry (being his second wife) and had three children : «, Alfred^ and James^; 

3. James Edwardf>, m. Mistf Harrison, but had no children; 4. FinellaS, died un- 
married; 5. Bessie^, m. George H Reid, and had two children; 6. Janet Bruce^, 
m. Win. S. Hill, but had no children; 7. Harriet^, m. C. D. Hill, and had one 
child, a daughter; 8. Charles U5., a prominent lawyer in Richmond, m. Miss 
Davenport and had five children. 

William B*., the second son of James3, by his second wife, m. Miss Pate, but 
left no children. 

Lucy Ann*, the second daughter of James^ by his second wife, m. John S. 
Pendleton, the brilliant orator of Culpeper, but had no children. 

Philip*, the 3rd son of James3 by his second wife, m. Mildred Catlett, and 
had six children : 1. James^, who died in childhood; 2. Betty BruceS, who nev- 
er married; 3. Robert^, Brigadier and Adjt. Gen., U. S. Army, m. Mrs. Douglas, 
widow of Senator Stephen A. Douglas and had six children : Robert^, m. Miss 
Yoe, of Chicago, EllenS, m. Bryson Patton, Lieut. U. S. Navy, Philip^, m. Miss 
Harrison, Adele^, JamesO and Mildred^; 4. Anneo, who died in childhood; 5. 
George M^, m. Miss G. S. Long, of Baltimore, and had twelve children : I. 
Elizabethe, m. T. Clifford Stark; II. Lucy Pendleton6, m. Edwin S. Slaughter; 
III. Mildred B6., IV. Ellis BO., V. Helen Ve., VI. John S. P«., VII. George P6., 
VIII. Mary J6., IX. Gertrude M8., X. Bettie B6., XI. Pendleton Ltf., XII. Anne 
HarveyS; 6. Lucy Mary6, who died in childhood. 


Elizabeth S^., the 3rd daughter of James3, by his second wifte, m. Dr. George 
Morton and had eight children : 1. William J6., who died unmarried; 2. Oea 
P^>., who died unmarried; 3. Lucy PS., who m. Jphn Cooke Green, for twenty 
years Commonwealth's Attorney for Culpeper county, and a distinguished 
lawyer (see Green genealogy); 4. Jeremiah^, who m. Charlotte Turner; 5. Chas. 
B5., who m. Miss Dickinson; 6. John P5., who died unmarried; 7. Thomas D5., 
who m. Sally Pannill; and 8. James W^., member of the Legislature and Judge 
of Orange county, m. Miss Harper. 

Jeremiah5, who m. Miss Turner, had six children : 1. Fenton^, who m. Mr. 
Dejarnette; 2. Bessie^, who m. Mr. Marshall; 3. LucyO; 4. Wallace^; 5. Kate^; and 
6. Jeremiah6. 

Charles B5., who m. Miss Dickinson, had one child : Rev. W. J. Morton^. 

Thomas D5., who m. Sally Pannill, had three children: 1. Thomas^; 2. 
James6; 3. Fanny Bruce«. 

James W^., who m. Miss Harper, had live children : l.Waltontt; 2. George^; 
Jk Jacksonti; 4. Caroline^; and 5. Jas. Williams^. 

LucyS, the oldest daughter of William^, m. William Green, son of Col. 
John Green, of the Revolution, and had one child, John Williams*, who was 
Judged of Court of Appeals, (see Green genealogy). 

Philips, the 3rd son of William2, moved to Shenandoah county, of which 
he was clerk for fifty years, and married Miss Croutson. He had seven chil- 
dren : 1. Ijucy4, m. Capt. A. P. Hill, and had no children; 2. Philip*; 3. Sarah*, 
m. Col. Travis Twyman, and had no children; 4. James^ 5. Samuel C*.; 6. 
Mary*; 7. Ellen*. 

Philip*, m. 1st. Miss Hite, 2nd. Miss Dunbar. By his fir^t wife he had two 
children : 1. Dr. Philip C''>., of Baltimore, who m. Miss Whitridge, and had 
four children : I. John W«; II. T. Dudley«; III. W. Whitridge«; IV. a Daugter«; 
2. Anne", who m. Judge T. T. Pauntleroy, and had one child, Philip^. By his 
second wife Philip*, had six children : 1 . Mary L. D^; 2. John J5; 3. Philipa^; 4. 
T. Clayton^; 5. SallyS; 6. Lucy^. 

Mary L. D-^, ui. Rev. James B. Avirett and had two children : John W^., 
and P. W«. 

John J'>., m. Miss Gray and has several children. 

James*, the set^ond son of Philip*^, m. Miss Ott, and had one child, a daugh- 
ter, who m. Mr. Miller. * 

Samuel C*., the 3rd son of Philips, m. Miss Otland, and had six children : 1. 
James HJ>., a prominent lawyer of Woodstock; 2. Samuel C. Jro.; 3. Williani''>; 
4. Lucy''>, who m. Judge Lovell, of Warren county; 5. Betty», who m. Thomas 
Marshall, of Fauquier; and 6. A daughter, who m. L. Wagner, of Richmond. 

Mary*, daughter of Philii>% m. Dr. Magruder, of Woodstock, and had sev- 
eral children. 

Ellen*, daughter of Philips, m. Rev. Dr. Boyd, and had three children : 1. 
Holmes'*, prominent lawyer of Winchester; 2. Philip W5., merchant of Win- 
chester; 3. Hunter-'*, Judge of District Court in Maryland. 

William C3., the 4th son of William^, m. Alice Burwell, of Gloucester coun- 
ty, and had three children : 1. John GK.; 2. Lewis B*.; 3. Lucy*. 

John (J*., m. Miss Cringan, of Richmond, and had six children : 1. William 
Claytons, 2. John Jr<i.; 3. Channingo; 4. Mary OgilvieS; 5. Robert F»; and 6. 

Lewis B*., second son of William C^.. married three times; 1st. Mary Cat- 

lett, 2nd. Charlotte Blair, 3rd. Mrs. O^Bannon. By his first wife he had eight 
children, by his 2nd. and 3rd. none. His children were : 1. Wm. jGrymes'i, 
Judge of Orange county and a member of the Legislature; 2. Lewis B. Jr*>.; 3. 
Mary Blaii^i; 4. Charlesi>; ."). >[ildred'>; 6. Alice>; 7. John G'>; and 8. Anne\ 


William Qrymes^, m Roberta Hansborough, and has five ohildren : 1. Rich- 
rd CO.; 3. Wm. Clayton6; 3. Lewis B6.; 4. BessieB; and 5. SamueI6. 

Lewis B5., was Colonel of the 1st. Va, Regiment in the Civil War, and was 
tiled in Pickett's famous charge at Gettsyburg. He was never married. 

Mary BlairB, m. Mr. Leigh and has several children : 1. Charles^, died un- 
larried; 2. Mildredfi, m. R. S. Booton, of Madison; and has eight children : 
lUcyT, Richard^, SusanT, Lewis?, KateT, William?, Alice?, and George?. 

Lucy4, the daught»T of William C3., m. J. A. Smith, cashier for many years 
•f Freedman'sBank of Virginia, and had one son, Bathursts, who lives in tenn. 




Among the men of Cnlpeper who deserve commemoration is General 
Vmbrose Powell Hill (one of Jackson's favorite lieutenants), who illustrated 
lis knightly prowess on many a battle-field, sealing his patriotism at last with 
:he blood of martyrdom. He was the son of the late Major Thomas Hill, and 
I lineal descendant of Capt. Ambrose Powell, the old vestryman of Bromfield 
t*ariBh, Culpeper, in 1752. 


There lies before me a patent for land in the South Fork of the Gourdvine 
^iver, from Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the Northern Neck, to John Brown ; 
le paying every year the free rent of one shilling sterling for every 50 acres, 
>n the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel. It is dated 22d June, in the 20th 
^earof our Sovereign Lord George II., by the grace of God King of Great 
Britain. France and Ireland, and Defender of the Faith, A. D. 1749. 

(Signed) Fairfax. 

This land was surveyed by Major Philip Clayton, and it adjoins the land 
t Thomas Howison and Wm. Brown. It appears in the vestry-book that 
)anie] Brown was sheriiT and collector of the parish levy. Coleman Brown 
sras clerk and lay reader in the church. Thomas Brown was undertaker of a 
hapel in the Little Fork ; and Capt. Wm. Brown was the contractor for an 
.ddition to Buck Run Church. These are the ancestors of the late Arm- 
stead and Daniel Brown and their families. 

Mkdical Men in Culpepkr Before the Revolution. 

The vestries having charge of the poor, boarded them among the planters, 
knd furnished them with medical attention. The first physician employed by 
he vestries, as early as 1734, was Dr. Andrew Craig, then Dr. Thomas Howi- 
on, then Dr. Jam«*s Gibbs, and in 1755 Dr. Michael Wallace, ancestor of the 
Vinstons now living in Culpeper, and of the Wallaces of Fredericksburg and 
Stafford County. Dr. Michael Wallace was born in Scotland, and apprenticed 
n his youth at Glascow to Dr. GustaA^us Brown, of Port Tobacco, Maryland, 
o learn medicine. The indenture is now in the possession of one of his de- 
cendants in Kentucky. That seems to have been the way (before medical 
;chools) to make a doctor. 


Lawyers who served as counsel to the vestries of St. Mark's were : Ist. 
Zaehary Lewis 1731 to 1750, 2d. John Mercer 1752, 3d. John Lewis 1754, and 
lastly, Gabriel Jones, the eminent **Valley Lawyer," who married Miss Strother 
of Stafford County, sister of Mrs Madison, the mother of Bishop Madison. The 
present Strother Jones of Frederick is the great-grandson of Gabriel Jones the 
lawyer. Mercer was the author of Mercer's Abridgmefit of the Laws of Vir- 
ginia. He was the father of Judge James Mercer, of Ch. Penton Mereer, and 
of John F. Mercer, Governor of Maryland. 


The flrst town, by Act of Assembly, was Fairfax in 1759. The nanie has 
unhappily been changed to Culpeper. After the Revolution there was a fn- 
rore for towns, under the impression that they would draw mechanicR and 
increase trade. 


Was established in 1782, on 50 acres of land where William Bradley then 
lived. French Strother, B. Davenport, Robert Slaughter, Robert Pollard, and 
Richard Waugh were the flrst Trustees, all vestrymen but one. In 1799 the 
Academy was established by Act of Assembly, and its first Trustees were 
Robert Slaughter, Charles Carter, David Jameson, R. Zimmerman, Wm. Gray, 
Gabriel Gray, Philip Latham and William C. Williams. 


In 1798, 25 acres of James Baysy's land vested in Thomas Spilman, Henry 
Pendleton. Jr., By waters and Reid. 


On 25 acres of Joseph Coons' land, vested in John Fishback, Thomas Spil- 
man, John Spilman, Thomas and Robert Freeman, P. Latham, P. Payne, F. 
F. Fergarson and John Diilard. 


On 25 acres of John Spilman's land, vested in John and Thomas Spilman, 
and Messrs. Matthews, Fletcher and Tapp. Clerksburg, Jefferson and Spring- 
field are in the Little Fork. They yet survive, but have not realized the antici- 
pations of their founders, whose names we have reproduced above. 


It will be news to some that we have a Jamestown in Culpeper. 25 acres 
of land were set apart by the General Assembly to be c^alled Jamestown, and 
Gabriel Green, A. Haynie, and Messrs. Grant, Corbin and Howe were Trustees 
to lay it off into convenient lots and streets. Who will recognize in James- 
town our modest James City ? 


The prevailing opinion that our colonial churches were built of imported 
brick is an error. As to those in the interior of the country, the transporta- 
tion of the brick was an insuperable obstacle. It is possible that a few of the 
churches on tidewater may have been made of imported brick, but as to many 
of these there are unquestionable traces of brick-kilns very near them, in some 
cases within the churchyard. The following bill show that bricks were made 
even at Williamsburg as early as 1708 : 

Hknry Cary to the Council, 1708. 

150 loads of wood at 12s— £6 7 6. 

Moulding and burning 70,009 bricks at 38. Od. per M. 

Laborer's work resetting and burning 3s. 3d. 


The names of the old vestrymen will all be found in order in the text. The 
following is an imperfect enumeration of the successors : — The last vestry un- 
der the old regime (1785) was composed of the following persons, viz. French 
Strother, Sam. Clayton, Rd. Yancey, William Ball, James Pendleton, Burkett 
Davenport, Cadwallader Slaughter, Lawrence Slaughter, James Slaughter. 
Then followed P. R. Thompson, P. Slaughter, Jno. Jameson, Rt. Slaughter, 
David Jameson, G. Jones, Wigginton, Wm. Broadus, Rd. Payne, Rt. Freeman, 
Thomas Freeman, John Spilman, Thos. Spilman, Peter Hansbrough, Isaac 
Winston, Waller Winston, Samuel Slaughter, John Thom, Geo Fitzhugh, Jno. 
Wharton, W. Williams, Fayette Mauzy, Dr. Thos. Barbour, Rt. A. Thompson, 
P. Slaughter, Jr., James Parish, Moses Green, Spilman, Rd. Randolph, Wm. 
Payne, S. R. Bradford, Garland Thompson, John Cooke Green, Wm. B. 
Slaughter, Dr. A. Taliaferro, Rd. Cunningham, T. S. Alcocke, S. S. Bradford, 
Frank Lightfoot, Jere. Morton, Geo Morton, P. P. Nalle, Jno. Knox, Down- 
man, Dr. Hugh Hamilton, John Porter, Rt. Stringfellow, Jas. W. Green, Jas. 
Williams, L. P. Nelson, Thos. Freeman, Geo. Hamilton, Wallace Nalle, Martin 
Stringfellow, S. Wallis, F. B. Nalle, Rt. Davis, A. G. Taliaferro, C. C. Conway, 
P. B Jones, Jr., Rt. Maupin, J. P. Alexander, Jos. Wilmer, Jr., Dr. Payne, 
Wm. S. Peyton, E. Keerl, Barrows, J. W. Morton, Jas. Crawford, Spilman, 
Jas. Bowen, Jr. Tliese names are from memory and therefore are not in ex- 
act order of time, and doubtless unintentionally omit some who have been or 
are vestrymen. The author has failed to received the full list, for which he 
asked repeatedly. 

An analysis of the families of the old ministers and vestrymen of St. Mark's 
yields some curious results. Among their descendants were two Presidents of 
the United States, viz. Madison and Taylor; a Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, viz. P. P. Barbour; several Governors of States, as Bar- 
bour of Virginia, and Slaughter, Morehead and Stevenson, of Kentucky; sever- 
al United States Senators, as Barbour of Virginia, Morehead and Stevenson, of 
Kentucky; members of Congress, P. K. Thompson, Geo. F. Strother, John S. 
Barbour, John S. Pendleton, Rt. A. Thompson, Jas. F. Strother, B. Johnson 
Barbour, and Pendletons of Ohio; legislators and judges of circuits in great 
numbers, among whom Judges Pendleton, of South Carolina, of New York and 
Ohio, Judge Green, of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and Judges Field, 
Shackleford, Williams, &c. These are but a few of the examples of this truth. 
It is also a curious fact that every Episcopal minister within the bounds of the 
original St. Mark's at this date, viz. Scott of Gordonsville, Hansbrough, of 
Orange, Slaughter, Minnegerode and Steptoe, of Culpeper, is a lineal descend- 
ant of the ante-revolution vestrymen, or he married one of their lineal descend- 



[Rev. F. G. Ribble, the present rector of St. Markka (Jan. 1900), has furnished 
the following continuation of St. Mark^s History.— R. T. G-.] 

1878, January 1 ; Rev. J. G. Minnegerode resigned the rectorship of St. 
Mark's Parish, and took charge of Cavalry Church, Louisville, Diocese of 
Kentucky. At this writing, he is beginning the twenty -second year of his 
rectorship of that large and important work. He is a member of the Standing; 
Committe of the Diocese, and was a delegate to the General Convention in 
1878 1882. 

May 1 : Rev. E. Wall accepted the rectorship of the parish, coming from 
the Diocese of Huron, Canada. In 1880, the Church school, founded by the 
Rev Mr. Peterkin, was abandoned, and the building rented for a private 

Rev. Mr. Wall resigned his rectorship January 1, 1882, going to Baltimore as 
assistant to the Rev. Dr. Campbell Pair. He was sometime rector of St. Mat- 
thew's Parish, Diocese of Washington. At present he has charge of Grace 
Church, Berryville, Diocese of Virginia. In 1881 he reported for St. Mark's 
Paris)i 111 communicants, 5 Sunday school teachers and fifty scholars. 

1882-1884, September 1 : Rev. H. D. Page became rector of the parish. He 
came as a deacon, having graduated at the Virginia Seminary the June before. 
He resigned March 18, 1884, to go to Japan as a missionary. After fourteen 
years of faithful service in that field, he returned, and is at present rector of 
Durham Parish, Diocese of Washington. In 1884 he reported for St. Mark's 
Parish 123 communicants, and 60 Sunday school teachers and scholars. Du- 
ing his rectorship the exterior of the church was painted and repaired. 

1884-1888. August 1 : Rev. W. T. Roberts accepted the call of the vestry as 
rector of the parish. Under the date of March 1, 1887, the following resolu- 
tion was spread upon the minute book of the Vestry. "Whereas, the Rector, 
W. T. Roberts, having presented to the Vestry, in the name of Miss Savilla 
Denton, a communion service of solid silver, in memory of her sister, Miss 
Margaret Denton, therefore be it resolved: (1) That the Vestry hereby ex- 
press their appreciation of this generous and appropriate gift, and hereby re- 
cord the same in the vestry book of this Church. (2) That the Registrar be 
requested to furnish a copy of these resolutions to Miss Denton." 

March 1, 1888 : The Vestry passed a resolution to remove the galleries from 
the Church. This work was done, the interior of the Church being much im- 
proved thereby. About the same time a new pipe organ was placed in the 
Church, at the right of the chancel. On September 15, 1888, Rev. W. T. Roberts 
resigned his rectorship, and took charge of a parish in Essex county.' After 
serving there for some time, he took charge of Emmanuel Church, Harrison- 
burg, Va. Resigning this work, he then took charge of Bruton Parish, Wil- 
liamsburg, Diocese of Southern Virginia, of which he is still rector. 

In 188S, he reports for St. Mark's Parish 100 communicants, and 5S Sunday 
school teachers and scholars. 

At a meeting of the Vestry, held September 25, 1888, Mr. 8. Russell Smith sub- 
mitted to the Vestry a plan of improvements for the chancel and vestry room, 
to be a memorial to his deceased wife. The beautiful chancel window and the 
large and eomfoTtal)le vestry room were hjs generous gifts to the church. 


1889-18»5. From September 15, 1888, to Sept 15, 1889, the parish had no rec- 
tor. Daring this period, Mr. Eppa Kixey faithfully gerved the congregation 
as lay reader. The Vestry, with the help of the Ladies' Aid Society, painted 
the exterior of the church building, and put some repairs on the rectory and 
lecture room. Rev. S. P. Watters, of Morganton, N. C, took charge of the 
parish September 15, 1889. Under date of March 5, 1890, a motion was made 
and carried ''that Mr. £ppa Rixey be appointed a committee of one to confer 
with Col. Bradford and make a report at the next meeting of the ventry on the 
present status orthe war claim of this Church, said claim being for occupancy 
of the Church as a hospital during the war by the Federal Army," At a call- 
ed meeting of the Vestry, held June 18, 1890, the following preamble andresolu^ 
tions, relative to the death of Dr. Philip Slaughter, were passed and ordered 
to be spread upon the minutes of the Vestry. *'In the death of the Key. 
Philip Slaughter, D. D., Historiographer of the Church, in the Diocese of Vir^ 
ginia, the Church has been called to mourn the loss of an eminent son, a faith- 
ful presbyter, a learned historian, whose varied talents were adorned by a long 
life of devotion to the Church of Christ, and by his humble Christian life, led 
in imitation of the Master, full of years and full of honors, having been called 
from his earthly to his heavenly home. We, the Rector and Vestry of St. 
Stephens Church, St. Mark^s Parish, desire to place on record our appreciation 
of his services, and our expression of the great loss the Church in Virginia has 
sustained; therefore be it it Resolved : (1) That in the death of the Kev. 
Philip Slaughter, D. D., the Church has sustained an irreparable loss. Iicarned, 
pious, and devoted to the cause of Christ, his removal from our midst will be felt 
with sorrow throughout the Church. (2) As Presbyter and Historiographer of 
the Church in Virginia, lie leaves an honored name, calling forth the afTection 
and esteem of his contemporaries. His literary works are an invaluable lega^ 
cy to the Church. (3) Full of years, and full of honors, he has served his day 
and generation faithfully and well. Ripe for the harvest, he has been garner- 
ed by his Master, and has entered upon his eternal reward, leaving an illus- 
trious example to future generations. (4) That the Rector and Vestry of St. 
Stephen's Church attend the funeral of Dr. Slaughter in a body, to be held to- 
morrow evening at five o'clock at Calvary Church, Culpeper county. (5) That 
a copy <iif these resolutions be sent to the family of Dr. Slaughter, as an ex- 
pression of our sympathy as a body with them in their bereavement, and also 
to the Southern Churchman for publication. 


Eppa Rixby, 


February 10, 1892, the following letter, which explains itself was laid before 
the Vestry for consideration by the rector. 

CuLPKPKR, Va., Jan. 30th, 1892. 
Mr. T. S. Alcocke, 

Senior Warden, St. Mark's Parish. 

Dear Sir: Whereas it is popularly believed in the neighborhood of ** Oak 
Shade Church," that it has been a *'Free Church" since the days of the Revo- 
lution, and whereas it is now in such a condition as to be unfit and unsafe for 
worship, and desiring to put it in a suitable condition for worship, we submit to 
^ou the following proposition: We, as a denomination^ will raise the funds and 
repair the church, provided we may have the continual use of it for any one 
Sunday in the month we may desire, and for such special occasions as circum- 
stances may demand. This in no wise to infringe upon your right to the us© 
of the building for occasions that will not conflict with us. 


Believing? that such a movement will beet subserve the interests of the en- 
tire community, we ask you to take immediate action, and, as nominal claim* 
ANTS of the property, unite with us in preserving? the building?, and at the 
same time retaminf^r your rip^ht, without an outlay, to its partial occupancy. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Ctko. H. Spoonkr, 
W. H. HoTTS, Preacher in charge of Woodville Circuit, 

R. W. McDonald, Virginia ConfereDce. 

(Committee from Oak Shade (Church. 


This letter occasioned a careful review of the history of *'JJttle Fork'* 
church from 1750 to 1892, and a thorough investijcation of the laws passed by 
the Virginia Le^slature for the control of the old Colonial Churches of the 
State. This work was entrusted to Capt. G. (^. Thompson, who performed 
it faithfully and well, showing conclusively that the church was not a "Free 
Church," and had never been a '*Free Church."" His historical sketch of the 
ehuj'ch, and his learned presentation of the le^al aspects of the question, were 
ordered to be spread upon the minute book of the vestry. 

The whole matter as to the riprht of ownership of the property known as 
''Little Pork Church" was finally settled by the followinp: agreement. "Where- 
as, Little Fork Church, in St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper County, has been, 
since its erection in 1774-1775, an Episcopal Church, continuously to the present 
time in the possession, use and control of the minister and vestry of St. Mark's 
Parish, and the possession, use and control of this said church has been re- 
cojynized as lawful, and has been secured to them by the laws of Virfrinia; and, 
Whereas; The Methodist conf^regution, livinja: in the vicinity of this said Church, 
throufifh their minister in char^i^e, the Rev. Gl^eo. H. Spooner, as a committee 
representing his conjrre^ration, have applied to the minister and vestry of St. 
Stephen's Church, St. Mark's Parish, to ^rant them their permission and con- 
sent to use the said Church on the fourth Sunday in each month of the year* 
and upon any other Sunday which will not conflict with the iippointments of 
the minister of St. Stephen's (Jhurch, aud on such week days in the year ok 
their interest may require for reliorious woi-ship: and the minister and yestry of 
St. Stephens' Church, St. Mark's Parish, in a spirit of Christian duty and 
brotherly love, beinj? willini*: to ficrant such permission and consent, thereby in- 
cMvasiiif? the opportunities and privilej?es for relijrious worship of all the p^x)d 
]HH)pIe livinjr in the vicinity ot said ( -hnrch: Therefore, this aj?reement made 
this 21st day of Marcfi, 1803, between Thos. S. Alcocke and G. 0. Thompson, 
wardens of St. Stephens' ('hurch, and as such, a committee actinj? for and 
rei)resentinji: theniinister and vestry of said (Church,, and the Rev. (4eo. H. 
Spooner, minister in charjjre, and as suc'.i, a committee actiu'j: for and repre- 
senting th(^ Methodist confrrof^ation living? in the vicinity of the said Little 
Fork Church, Witnesseth : That the i)ermission and consent of the minister 
anJ vestry of St. Stephens' Church is hereby granted to the said Rev. (tco. H. 
Spooner aud his iletho'.list coriiirreijf.ition to use the said Little Fork ('hurci 
for tiieir reli^^ioiis services o:i the tourth Sunday of each month of the year, or 
upon any other Sunday of each month of the year which will not conflict with 
the appointments ot the minister of St. Stephen's Church, and upon snob 
week days dnrint? the year as treir relitiious interest may require. Provided 
the d'lys a[>pointed for such week day services shall not be on, or conflict with 
the religious services that may be af)pDinted by the minister of St. Stephen's 
('hnrch; and provided further that tlie permission ami consent hereby grant- 
ed for the use of said Little Foi'k ('hurch may be withdrawn and revoked 
whiMisoevor, in the opinion oi' tiip minister a:ixl vestry of St. Stephen's ('hurcli, 
there may be reason or cause* tor so d()iii;jc. 

In testimony of the acceptance of the terms and conditions of this agree- 
ment, witness the following signatures. ^ 

Thomas 8. Alcocke, ) Wardens of St. Stephens' Church and 

G. G. Thompson, V Comniittee of the vestry of said Church. 

j Minister in charge and Committee repre- 

Gko. H. Spoonbr, V senting Methodist Congregation of Little 

) Fork Church. 

The following improvements on the property of the parish, during the 
years 1893-1894, are recorded in the minutes of the vestry : Little Fork Church 
repaired and put in a condition for use as a place for public worship; a new 
communion rail placed in St. Stephen's Church— the gift of Mrs. Thos. S. 
Alcocke; the rectory painted and repaired; the school room put in thorough 
repair, interior and exterior, and furnished for use as a lecture room— the work 
of the Young Ladies' Guild. 

October, 1894, Rev. 8. P. Watters resigned the rectorship of St. Mark's Par- 
ish, and accepted a parish in Florida. At t>i'esent he is rector of St. Matthew's 
Church, Hillsboro , Diocese of North Carolina. In 1894, he reports tor St. Mark's 
Parish 98 communicants, and 86 Sunday school teachers and scholars. 

1895-1897. April 1895 : Rev. E. L. Goodwin took charge of the parish. Dur- 
ing the following year St. Mark's Chapel was built at Rixeyville, and conse- 
crated by Bishop Newton August 23, 1S96. St. Andrew's Chapel, Inlet> was 
built in the spring of 1897, chiefly by the efforts of St. Mark's Chapter of the 
Brotherhood of St. Andrew. In 1897 the lines between St. Mark's and Rid- 
ley Parishes were altered, and were fixed by the action of the Council as fol- 
lows : Beginning at the corner of Slaughter Parish, on the Orange and Cul- 
peper road, thence by the said road to Fairview school house, thence by the 
old Buck Run road to its intersection with the old Fredericksburg road, about 
two miles south of the C. H., thence by the old Fredericksburg road to the 
cross-roads near the western base of Mt. Pony, and thence by an airline to the 
railroad crossing at Inlet station, thence northerly by a new country road to 
its intersection with the Chesnut Fork and Brandv road, thence by an air line 
to the bridge on the Warrenton road, over Muddy Run, thence with Mudd^ 
Run to the Hazel River, to thn Rappahannock River. 

October, 1897 : Rev. E. L. Goodwin resigned the rectorship of the parish* 
and accepted the position as assistant to the rector of Grace Church, Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. On the death of the rector in the summer of 1898, he 
succeeded io the rectorship, which position he still holds. In 1897 he reported 
for St. Mark's Parish 153 communicants, and 146 Sunday school teachers and 

1898-1900. January 1, 1898: Rev. F. G. Ribble, the present rector, assumed 
charge of the parish. In the summer of 1898, a new pipe organ was placed in 
the church by the Ladies' Aid Society, and the exterior of the church was 
painted by the Young Ladies Guild. In 1899, th^ rectorj' was repaired,' and 
the lecture room painted. 1900 : Present status of St. Mark's Parish : Com- 
municants 160; Sunday school teachers and scholars 120. 

Vestrymen of St. Marks's Parish since 1877 : S. S. Bradford, Thos. S. Al- 
cocke, Jas. W. Green, J. L. Burrows. G. G. Thompson, J. M. Leavel, J. W. 
Crawford, R. D. Keerl, Geo. Freeman, E. R. Shue, J. B. Stanard, J. W. Mor- 
ton, R. C. Vass, Samuel Chilton, N. B. Meade, J. F. Rixey, L. P. Nelson, P. L. 
Jameson, S. Russell Smith, Eppa Rixey, Alfred Taliaferro, W. Porter Nelson, 
T. Carter Page, Travers Daniel, Earl English, C. B. Chilton, J. W. Smith, R. 
D. Luttreir, W. A. Ashby, R. B. Mncoy, E. J. Brand, B. C. Macoy, and C. J. 
Rixey, Jr. 



On page 29 of St. Mark's Parish, in the next to the last paraffraph, Dr. 
Slaughter speaks of the destruction of Calvary church, at the foot of Slaugh- 
ter's Mountain. This church has been rebuilt through the kindness of friends 
at home and abroad; it was consecrated June 1-^, 1804, and named ^^All Saints,'^ 
in memory of those who fell on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain, and who 
have "fought the good fight of faith in the daily walks of life."— Pub. 


Rev. A. H. Lamon (see page 25) was a Virginian. Married a Miss Rapley 
at Alexandria, Va. Moved to Evansville, Indiana. From there removed to 
Baton Rouge, La., and died in that city of yellow fever in 1862. His children 
were: Jno. H., Archibald. Sarah and Charlie Lamon. Elizabeth, his youngest 
child, was the daughter of his last wife, who was a Miss Toron. Rev. Fred- 
erick I)u Monties Devall, of Palatka, Fla., James Wilmer Devall, cadet at 
West Point, Charles Kenneth Thomson, of Harrisburg, Pa., are his grandsons. 
Mrs. Samuel Hewett, of Washington, D. C, is a niece. Jno. G. Lamon, of 
Culpeper, is a nephew. 

[By Dr. Andrew Glassell Grinnan, of Madison.] 

The account of the route of the Horseshoe Expedition of Gov. Spotswood 
is in some respects en*oneous. The expedition crossed from Orange county 
into what is now Madison, at the old German Ford, across the Rapidan, about 
half a mile above its junction with the Robertson river. It is still called the 
German Ford. , The Germans used this ford when they moved from Germanna 
to the head waters of the Robertson. It is at the lower end of the tract of 
land, bought by Dr. A. G. Grinnan in 1859, from Mr. Charles Bankhead; traces 
of the old road could be seen then. The expedition evidently passed by the 
present Woodbury Forest house. From this point is a clear view of the Swift 
Run Gap in the Blue Ridge, which the expedition ascended. The route was 
on the north side of the Rapidan river, to the Forks, turned west into Greene 
county, crossed Turkey Ridge, along the side of Saddle Back Mountain, to 
Summit of Swift Run Gap. 

St. Mark's, page 57— Conway Family— Francis Conway, of Port Conway, 
opposite Port Royal, Va., m. Rebecca, daughter of Elizabeth Gaines (not 
Grymes), and Col. John Catlett, Jr. She was daughter of Col. Daniel Gaines, 
of Essex. After Francis Conway's death, she m. John Moore, of Caroline. She 
had six Conway children, one of whom was Nelly Conway, the mother of 
President Madison. She had two Moore children, one of whom, Jane Moore, 
m. Erasmus Taylor, of Orange. 

St. Mark's, p. 74— The Taylor Family — This is a very large family, and can- 
not be noted at length for lack of space. The 1st settler, James Taylor, of 
Carlisle, Eng., did not settle' on Chesapeake Bay. The Virginia Land office 
records show that he lived on the Mattaponi River, in the lower part of what 
is now Caroline county. He was succeeded in the ownership of this place by • 
his oldest son in 1790, Col. James Taylor, who m. Martha Thompson (see Bev- 
erley's Hist, of Va.) Col. James Taylor, of the Horseshoe Expedition, entered 
large bodies of land — about 15,000 acres— in what is now Orange, about the year 
1720—22. He removed to Orange and lived and died there. His widow long 
survived him. Dr. Charles Taylor was not a son of James (2) Taylor; he was 
"his grandson, son of the well known Col. George Taylor, of Orange, who lived 
about two iuiles east of Orange C. H., which house is still standing. Here also 
lived Col. Frank Taylor, the diarist; he was another son of Col. George Taylor. 


He never married, aud died in 1799. His will, on record, shows that he left 
most of his property to his nephews, who lived in Kentucky. The diary is in 
poBsession of Di. Andrew G, Grinnan. He was Lt.-Colonel of the Convention 
Gaards, who had charge of the Bursroyne prisoners near Charlottesville. 

St. Mark^s, p. 75— Winston Family— Anthony Winston m. Alice Taylor, 
dau. of James (3) Taylor, of Orange, who was son of Col. James (2) Taylor and 
Martha Thompson. The account of Alice and her supposed husband in Camp- 
bell's History of Va. is erroneous. 

St. Mark's, p. 60— Children of Helen Buchan Glassell and Daniel Grinnan, 
of Fredericksburg: Robert Alexander, b. 1817, d. 1884; Eliza Richards, b. 1819, 
d. 1846; Cornelia, b. 1821, d. 1864; Helen Mary, b. 1823; Daniel, b. 1825, d. 1826: 
Daniel Glassell, b. 1827; Daniella M., b. 1830, d. 1888. 

St. Mark's, p. 85— Slaughter Family— The first Robert Slaughter of Cul- 
peper m. Mary Smith, daughter of Augustiue Smith, of Culpeper, an early 
land surveyor, who lived on the Rappahannock river. His will is on record 
in the first Vol. of Will records of Orange county. Augustine Smith was , of 
the Horseshoe Expedition of Gov. Spotswood, as was also another surveyor, 
Col. James Taylor. Augustine Smith was the son of Col. Lawrence Smith, of 
Gloucester county, and York Town. Col. Smith for years was commandant of 
the fort at Falmouth, Va. The House of Burgesses also gave him civil juris- 
diction over a section around the fort, an unusual mark of confidence, and 
donated to him a tract of land on the Rappahannock, three and a half miles 
wide by five miles long. He was once defeated in battle by Bacon, his troops 
deserting him. Altogether he was one of the most distinguished Virginians 
of his day. He laid out York Town. 

In Sc. Mark*s, page 46. it is stated that the tradition is that the organ in 
the Lutheran church in Madison county was paid for by subscriptions taken 
up in Germany and Sweden. This may be erroneous, for several years ago, an 
article appeared in a Northern newspaper, probably in the New York Evening 
Post, giving an account of John Thornburg, a German, who lived at Listy, 
Pennsylvania, who built an organ for the Lutheran Church of Madison in 
1760, for $300.00, which he delivered to the agent of the Madison church in 
Philadelphia, who hauled it to Madison, Va., in a wagon. He also built one 
for the Lutheran Church in Winston-Salem, N. C. 


[To precede the last two paragraphs on page 100.] 

Martha Shackelford«, (Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, 
Philipi.) lu. Richard Spotswood; issue : 1. Lucy?, died in 1869; 2. Sally Blands 
m; William Randolph Smith, and resides in Richmond, Va.; 3. Col. Muscoe L. 
Spotswood?, a lawyer of Richmond, Va. Richard Spotswooa was a great, 
great grand-son of Governor Spotswood, being the son of John Spotswood 
and Mary Goode, the grand-son of John Spotswood and Sally Rowsie, the 
great-grand -son of John Spotswood (son of Governor Alexander Spotswood) 
and Miss Dandridge. 

Benjamin Howard Shackklpord« (LucyS (Tutt), Elizp.beth*, Nathaniels, 
Henry2, Philipi.) m. Rebecca Green; issile : 1. Jones GreenT, m. Belle Kirk, 
having Howard GreenS; 2. John Howard?; 3. George Scott?, m. Virginia Minor 
Randolph, having Virginius Randolph^ Nanny HolladayS, George Scotts, and 
Margaret Wilson^; 4. Lucy?, m. C. C. Walker, having Rebecca®, Reuben Lind- 
says and C. C. Jr®; 5. Anne Berry?, m. Prof. R. B. Smithey, Randolph-Macon 
College; 6. Muscoe Livingston?, of Freemont, Ohio^ m. Delia Taylor. 



[4th Series, Vol. 1, papre 623.] 
At a meeting of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the County of 
Culpeper, in Virginia, assembled, on due notice, at the Court House of the 
said county, on Thursday, the 7th of July, 1774, to consider of the most effect- 
ual methods to preserve the rights and liberties of America, the following reso- 
lutions were adopted. 

Henry Pendlkton, Esq., Modbrator. 

Resolved: That we will, whenever we are called upon for that purpose 
maintain and defend his Majesty's right and title to the Crown of Great Brit- 
ain, and all other of his Dominions thereunto belonging, to whose royal per- 
son and Government we profess all due obedience and fidelity. 

Resolved : That the right to impose taxes or duties, to be paid by the in- 
habitants of this country, for any purpose whatsoever, is peculiar and essen- 
tial to the General Assembly, in whom the Legislative authority is vested. 

Resolved : That every attempt to impose taxes or duties by any other 
authority, is an arbitrary exercise of power, and an infringement of the con- 
stitutional and just rights and liberties of the colony, and that we will, at ail 
times, at the risk of our lives and fortunes, oppose any act imposing taxes or 
duties, unless we are legally represented; and the Act of the British Parlia- 
ment, impK)sing a duty on tea to be paid by the inhabitants of the colonies 
upon importation, is evidently designed to fix on the Americans those chains, 
forged for them bv a corrupt minister. 

Resolved : That the late cruel and unjust Acts of Parliament, to be exe- 
cuted by force upon our sister colony of the Massachusetts Bay, and the town 
of Boston, is a convincing proof of the unjust and corrupt influence obtained 
by the British M inistry in Parliament, and i fixed determination to deprive 
the colonies of their constitutional and just rights and liberties. 

Resolved: That the town of Boston is now suffering in the common cause 
of the American colonies. 

Resolved: That an association between all the American colonies not to 
import from Great Britian, or buy any goods, or commodities whatsoever, 
except negroes, clothes, salt, saltpetre, powder, lead, nails, and paper, ought 
to be entered into and by no means dissolved, until the rights and liberties of 
the colonies are restored to them, and the tyrannical Acts of Parliament 
against Boston are repealed. 

Resolved: That it is our opinion, that no friend to the rights and liberties 
of America ought to purchase any goods whatsoever, which shall be imported 
from Great Britain, after a general association shall be agreed on, except such 
as are before excepted. 

Resolved: That every kind of luxury, dissipation and extravagance, ought 
to be banished from amongst us. 

Resolved: That the raising of sheep, hemp, flax aiid cotton, ought to be 
encouraged; likewise, all kinds of manufactures by subscriptions or any other 
proper means. 

Resolved: That the importing of slaves and convict servants is injurious 
to this colony, as it obstructs the population of it with freemen and useful 
manufacturers, and that we will not buy any suc)i slave or convict servant, 
hereafter to be imported. 

Resolved: That every county in this colony ought to appoint deputies to 
meet upon the first day of August, in the city of Williamsburg, then and there 
to consult upon the most proper means for carrying these or any other resolu- 
tions, which shall be judged more expedient for obtaining peace and tranquil- 
ity in America, into execution. 

Resolved: That Henry Pendleton and Henry Field, Jr., Esquires are ap- 
pointed upon the part of the freeholders and inhabitants of this county to 
meet and consult with such deputies as shall be appointed by the other coun- 

Resolved: That the clerk transmit these resolves to the press, and request 
the printer to publish them without delay. By order of the meeting. 

John Jameson, Clerk. 





Culpeper, named in honor of Thomas Lord Culpeper, governor of Virginia 
680 — 1683 (for sketch of whom see Hardesty's Encyclopaedia of Biography), was 
ormed in 1748 from Orange county (Orange was taken from Spotsylvania, 
vhich county had been cut off from Essex). Its territory, embracing originally 
^hat is now Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock counties, was the subject of 
k protracted controversy, involving the title to several million acres of land. 
The entire territory * 'within the bends of the rivers Tappahannock, alias Rap- 
pahannock, and Quiriough, or Potomac, the courses of those rivers, and the 
Bay of Chesapayork, &c.,^^ was granted at different times, by King Charles I. 
itnd II., to Lord Hopton, the Earl of St. Albans, and others, and subsequently 
by King James to Lord Culpeper, who had purchased the rights of the other 
arrantees. Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, who married Catharine, daughter of 
Lord Culpeper, became the proprietor of this princely domain, commonly 
Icnown as the Northern Neck. From him, it descended to his son Thomas, sixth 
Lord Fairfax, and comprised the counties of Lancaster, Northumberland, 
Richmond, Westmoreland, Stafford, King George, Prince William, Fairfax, 
Loudoun, Fauquier, Culpeper, Madison, Page, Shenandoah, Hardy, Hamp- 
shire, Morgan, Berkeley, Jefferson and Frederick. In 1705 Edward Nott, gov- 
ernor of Virginia, in the name of the king, granted 1,920 acres of land to Henry 
Beverley, in the forks of the north and south branches of the Rappahannock. 
Robert Carter, commonly known from his large landed possessions as **King^' 
barter, who was the agent of Fairfax, objected to the grant as being within 
-he limits of the Northern Neck grant. The question then arose whether the 
louth (the Rapid Anne) or the north branch of the Rappahannock was the 
shief stream. To settle the controversy, Thomas Fairfax, the sixth Lord, and 
Baron Cameron, petitioned the king in 1733, to order a commission to ascer- 
tain the bounds of his patent. In consequence, commissioners were appointed 
leverally in behalf of the crown and of Lord Fairfax These were William 
Byrdof "Westover"; John Robinson of "Piscataway," Essex county, and John 
Jrymesof "Brandon," Middlesex county, on behalf of the crown; and William 
Beverly, William Fairfax and Charles Carter, on behalf of Fairfax. They made 
heir report on December 14, 1786, to the council for plantation affairs, which 
K>dy, on the 6th day of April, 1746, confirmed the report, which was in turn 
ionfirmed by the king, who ordered the appointment of commissioners, to run 
knd mark the dividing line. This was done in 1746. The decision was in favor 
»f Lord Fairfax, and made that branch of the Rapid Anne called the Conway, 
;he head-stream of the Rappahannock river, and the southern boundary of the 
S^orthem Neck; and thus confirming to Lord Culpeper the original county of 
]Julpeper. The original journal of the expedition kept by Major Thomas Lew- 
s, is DOW in the possession of his descendant, Hon. John F. Lewis, ex-lieut. 
rovernor of Virginia. The conflicting rights of the Northern Neck patent, 
^ith those claimed by Joist Hite and others, have been the cause of innumer- 


able law suits, which crowded the records of the State courts to a period ad- 
vanced into the 19th century. There was an attempt made by the State of 
Maryland as late as 1832 to extend her boundary by an infraction of the Fair- 
fax line, as above, established in 1746. 

The name of Governor Alexander Spotswood, one of the ablest executives 
of Colonial Virginia, is prominently associated with Culpeper county, as the 
largest landed proprietor of that portion of Spotsylvania county (named in 
his honor), which subsequently formed the county of Culpeper, and as the 
founder in 1714 of the town of 


On a peninsular of 400 acres of land on the banks of the Rapid Anne, which 

was settled by about four-score Germans, whom he brought thither to conduct 

his iron manufactories; and the town was, until the division of Spotsylvania 

county, its count yseat. It is thus described by Hugh Jones, in his "Present 

Condition of Virginia," published in 1724; 

"Beyond Colonel Spotswood's furnace, above the falls of Rappahannock 

river, within view of the vast mountains, he (Spotswood) has founded a town 

called Germanna, from some Germans sent over by Queen Anne, who are now 

removed up further [into what is now Madison county]. Here he has servants 

and workmen of most handicraft trades; and he is building a church, court 

house, and dwelling-house for himself, and with his servants and negroes, he 

has cleared plantations about it, proposing great encouragement for people to 

come and settle in that uninhabited part of the world, lately divided into a 


"Beyond this is seated the colony of Germans or Palatines, with aUowance 

of good quantity of rich lands, who thrive very well and live happily, and en- 
tertain generously. These are encouraged to make wines which by the expe- 
rience (particularly) of the late Robert Beverly, who wrote the History of Vir- 
ginia, was done easily, and in large quantities in those parts; not only from 
the cultivation of the wild grapes, which grow plentifully and naturally in all 
the lands thereabouts, and in the other parts of the country; but also from the 
Spanish, French, Italian and German wines." 


Comprise an average length of twenty miles, with a breadth of about eighteen 
miles. It is drained by the Rappahannock and Rapid Anne rivers and their 
tributaries, the former river running along its northeast and the latter upon 
itfc* southeast and southwest boundaries. According to the census of 1890, the 
population was 13,233. Number of acres of land 232,545. It is a good fruit coun- 
ty, including grapes, and is self-sustaining in all of its farm products. The 
grazing is excellent, including clover, timothy, orchard, Randall, Herds and 
blue grasses. The county is traversed by the great Southern Railway. The 
health of the county is excellent. Highland 75 per cent,; bottoms 25 per cent. 
About two-fifths of the county is in timber, consisting of walnut, ash, hickory, 
the oaks, locust, pine, cedar, chestnut, maple, etc. Minerals: Magnetic and 
hematic iron ores and gold, a mine of the latter being worked. 


Culpeper was distinguished in the Revolutionary war by the important service 
of her gallant Minute men, who, as the brilliant John Randolph of Roanoke 
said in the United States Senate, **were raised in a minute, armed in a minute, 
marched in a minute, fought in a minute and vanquished in a minute." Im- 
mediately on the breaking out of the war in 1775, Patrick Henry, then com- 
mander of the Virginia troops, sent to this section of the colony for assistance. 
Upon his summons, 150 men from Culpeper, 100 from Orange, and 100 from 
Fauquier, rendezvoused here, and encamped in a field the property of the late 

Hon. John S. Barbour, half a mile west of the village of Fairfax. An old oak 
marked the «pot. These were the first Minute Men raised in Virginia. They 
formed themselves into a regimemt, choosing Lawrence Taliaferro of Orange, 
colonel; Edward Stevens of Culpeper, lieutenant colonel; and Thomas Mar- 
shall of Fauquier— father of Chief Justice John Marshall— major. The flag 
used by the Culpeper men bore in its center the figure of a rattlesnake coiled 
and in the act of Striking — above which was inscribed *'The Culpeper Minute 
Men," on either side "Liberty or Death,'' and beneath "Don't Tread on Me " 
The corps were dressed in green hunting shirts with the words "Liberty or 
Death" in large letters on their bosoms. A wag on seeing this, remarked it 
was too severe for him; but that he was willing to enlist if the words were al- 
tered to "Liberty or Be Crippled " '• 

They wore-i^ their hats buck-tails, and in their belts tomahawks and scalp- 
ing knives. 'Their savage, war-like appearance excited the terror of the in- 
habitants as they marched through the country to Williamsburg Shortly 
after their arrival at that place, about 150 of them— those armed with rifles- 
marched into Norfolk county, and were engaged in the battle of the Great 
Bridge. Among them were Chief Justice Marshall, then a lieutenant, and Gen- 
eral Edward Stephens. In the course of the war, eight companies of eighty- 
' four men each were formed in Culpeper for the Continental service. They 
-were raised by the following captains: John Green (subsequently promoted to 
colonel, and wounded in the shoulder and crippled for life while storming a 
■breast work. He was grandfather of Judge John Williams Green, of the court 
of appeals of Virginia, and great-grandfather of several distinguished jurists~the 
learned brothers, the late William Green, LL. D., of Richmond, the late Major 
• James'W. Gredh of Culpeper, and the late Thomas C. Green; judge of the su- 
preme court of the State of West Virginia, being among them): John Thorn- 
ton, George Slaughter, Gabriel Long (promoted major), Jno. Gillison, (who while 
gallantly leading his men to attack the enemy at Brandywine to prevent them 
making prisoners of the company of Captain Long, was struck in the forehead 
by a musket ball; the surgeon examined the wound, and then, lifting up his 
hands, exclaimed "Oh, captaini it is a noble wound, right in the middle of the 
forehead, and no harm donel" the wound soon healed and left a scar, of 

which any soldier might be proud). McClannahan (Captain McClannahan 

was a Baptist clergyman, and at flrst preached to his men regularly; his i^e- 
' cruits were principally from his own denomination and in conformity with the 
wishes -of the legislature, who invited the members of particular religious so- 
cieties, especially Baptists and Methodists, to organize themselves into sepa- 
rate companies, under officers of their own faith; the Baptists were among 
the most strenuous supporters of liberty.) and Abraham Buford. (Abraham 
Buford, promoted colonel, was defeated by Tarleton, May 39, 1780, at the Wax- 
hams, near the borders of North Carolina). John Jameson who was clerk of 
Culpeper county at the beginning of the Revolution, promptly joined the cause 
of his fellow colonists, and commanded a company that marched to Williams- 
burg. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. John Paulding, David Wil- 
liams and Isaac van Wart, the three immortal patriots who captured Andre, 
were in the command of Lieut. Col. Jameson, who, in turn, informed General 
Washington of the capture. 

Among other heroes of the Revolution from Culpeper, may be named Cap- 
tain Philip Slaughter, who entered the Culpeper Minute Men at the age of sev- 
enteen as a private, and marched with them to Williamsburg shortly after the 
seizure of the powder in March, 1775, by Dunmore. Having received a com- 
mission of lieutenant he marched to the North in the fall of 1776, with the 


Eleventh Virginia Continental Regiment. Daniel Morgan then commanded 
this corps, and also a volunteer rifle regiment. There Slaughter remained un- 
til the commencement of the year 1780, and was in the battles of Brandywine, 
Germantown, Monmouth and at the storming of Stony Point. He 8i)ent the 
winter of 1777-8 at Valley Forge. His messmates were Lieutenant Robert (af- 
terwards General) Porterfield, Captain Charles Porterfield, Captain Jameson 
and Lieutenant (afterwards Chief Justice) Marshall. There they were all re- 
duced to great privation in the want of food and clothing. They bore their 
sufferings without murmur, being fortified by an undaunted patriotism. Most 
of the officers gave to their almost naked soldiers nearly the whole of tbeir 
clothing, reserving only what they themselves had on. Slaughter was reduced 
to a single shirt. While this was being washed he wrapped himself in a blan- 
ket. From the breast of his only shirt he had wristbands and a collar made to 
complete his uniform for parade. Many of his brother officers were still worse 
off, having no undergarments at all; and not one soldier in five had a blanket. 
They all lived in rude huts, and the snow was knee deep the whole winter. 
Washington daily invited the officers in rotation to dine with him at his pri- 
vate table, but for want of decent clothing few were enabled to attend. Slaugh- 
ter being so much better provided, frequently went in the place of the others, 
that, as he said, ^^his regiment might be represented.^^ While in this starving 
condition, the country people brought food to camp. Often the Dutch women 
were seen riding in, sitting on bags on their horses^ back, holding two or three 
bushels each of apple pies, baked sufficiently hard to be thrown across the 
room without breaking. These were purchased eagerly, eaten with avidity, 
and considered a great luxury. Slaughter performed the duties of paymaster 
and clothier in addition to those of a captain of the line. He was promoted to 
a captaincy in 1778, he being then not twenty years of age. Captain Slaughter 
held various civil offices, among which was that of high sheriff of Culpeper 
county. He married twice, first a daughter of Colonel French Strother, and 
secondly a daughter of Colonel Thomas Towles, having issue by the two mar- 
riages nineteen children who intermarried with the Maconickie, Conroy, Dade, 
Smith, Madison, Chapman, Bradford, Thompson and Semmes families, and 
their descendants now include many additional honored names. He died in 
1849 at the advanced age of ninety-one. His ninth child the venerable and 
widely beloved Rev. Philip Slaughter, D. D., historiographer of the Episcopal 
Diocese of Virginia, an eloquent pulpit orator and a glowing and prolific writ- 
er, whose delightsome pen was tireless, before his death celebrated at his home 
near Mitchell^s, two touching anniversaries, the semi-centennial of his ordi- 
nation as a minister and his golden wedding. He had in his possession a brief 
journal of his honored father giving an account of the movements of the troops 
during the time the latter was in service, together with certificates of the faith- 
ful service of Captain Slaughter, given by Chief Justice Marshall, General 
Robert Porterfield and Colonel Jameson. 

To the list of Culpeper worthies should be added the names of Colonel 
Gillison, Colonel Gabriel Jones, Colonel William Green, Colonel John Thorn- 
ton, Colonel James Slaughter, Colonel John Slaughter, Colonel John Jameson, 
Major John Roberts, Colonel David Jameson and Colonel Philip Clayton (sub- 
sequently State Judge and member of congress from Georgia) of the Revo- 
lution; Colonel John Field, who was in the battle of Point Pleasant, October 
10th, 1774; Colonel French Strother, member of Virginia assembly in 1776; his 
son George French Strother, member of congn^ss, 1817-80; Philip Rootee 
Thompson, member of congress, 1806; John Strother Pendleton, member of 
congress and United States minister to Beunos Ayres; Colonel James Pendle- 


)n. Colonel Nathaniel Pendleton (who was the second of Alexander Hamilton 
1 his lamentable duel with Aaron Burr); John Strode Barbour, sr., member 
f Con^p^ess; Hon. Richard W. Thompson, member of congress and secretary 
f the navy; Major General £dmand Pendleton Gaines. United States army, 
nd Rev. John A. Broadus, D. D., of the Baptist Church, pulpit orator,author 
nd educator. The distinguished William Wirt, the author of the "British 
py,*^ was once a resident of Culpeper, having commenced the practice of law 
ere in 1792, when only twenty years of age. 

In his family burying-ground (which is now the Masonic Cemetery) half a 
lile north of Culpeper, the countyseat, is the tomb of a revolutionary hero 
ith the following inscription: 




• ' .* » . 

AUGUgjI? THE 17th, 1820, 

At his seat in Culpeper, in his 76th year of age. 

•bis gallant oificer and upright man had served his country with reputation in 
. th^^^ld and Senate of his native State. He took an active part and had 
a principal share in the war of the Revolution, and acquired great dis- 
tiilcl^bh at the battles of Grfeat Bridge, *Brandywine, Germantown, Cam- 
den, Guhford Court House and thef siege dt York; and although zealous in 
the cause of American Freeddm, his conduct was not marked with the 
least degree of malevolence or party spirit. Those who honestly diflfered 
with him in opinion he always treated with : singular tenderness. In strict 
integrity, honest patriotism an4 immovable courage, he was surpassed by 
none and- had few equals. ^^ ' ' 

Th«fre may be added' of General Stevens the following detail of services : 

t the commence'rtkehi of the Revolution he commanded with distinction a 

attalion of rifiemeh at the battle of Great Bridge, near Norfolk, Virginia; was 

K)n after made colonel of the 10th Virginia Regiment with which he joined 

(TaBhingion; and at the battle of Brandy wine (September 11th, 1777,) by his 

allant' exertion saved a part of the army from capture, checked the enemy 

nd HeCured the retreat. He also dii^tinguished himself at Germantown, and 

eing made a brigadierHgeiieral of Virginia militia, fought at Camden, also at 

Guilford Court House, *#here his skillful dispositions were extremely servicea- 

le to the army, and where, though severely wounded in the thigh, he brought 

ff his troops in gowd order. General Greene bestowed on him marked com- 

lendation. At Yorktown he performed important duties, and throughout the 

?volution possessed a large share of the respect and confidence of General 

iTashiugton. He was a member of the senate of Virginia from the adoption of 

le State constitution until the year 1790. 


In one of the books in the clerk's office of Culpeper is the annexed entry: 
20th July, 1749 (O. S.)— GEORGE WASHINGTON Gent., pro- 
duced a commission from the President and Master of Wil- 
liam & Mary College, appointing him to be surveyor of this county, 
. which was read, aiid thereupon he took the usual oaths to his maj- 
eisty^'s persoii and government, and took and subscribed the abjura- 
tion oath and test, and thereupon took the oath of surveyor, accor- 
ding to law. 


Upon these committees were devolved the appointment of officers and other 

local executive functions. They were elected by the freeholders. In 1775, the 
l^ommittee was composed of John Jamesom, Henry Pendleton, James Slaugh- 
ter, John Slaughter, and others, not certainly known to the writer. They 
probably were some of the following justices of the peace of that day, to-wit: 
Henry Field, Wm. Ball, Wm. Green, Ben. Roberts, Joseph Wood, Jno. Stroth- 
er, Sam. Clayton and James Pendleton. Col. James Barbour and Henry Field 
represented the county in 1765, &c.— Henry Field and French Strother in '74- 
75-76, &c. 


This name has become historical from having been the scene of the first 
encampment of the Minute Men and by being applied to a district in the coun- 
ty. It may be well, therefore, to record its origin. 

The place now owned by Mr. J. C. Bell was the seat of Major Philip Clay- 
ton, in colonial times, and was named from a catalpa tree (the first in the coun- 
ty), transplanted by him from Essex. He married the sister of Robert Cole- 
man, on whose land Culpeper was established in 1759, and called Fairfax, 
which was its legal title before the Civil war. The first trustees of the town 
were Nat. Pendleton, Wm. Green, Wm. Williams, Thomas Slaughter and Philip 
Clayton. Ben Davis bad leased the land from Coleman and hence-tlie naiii& 
Davis and Coleman streets. One of the daughters of P. Claytoi^ midbTriecf Nat. 
Pendleton, whose son Nat. was a Minute Man of Culpeper, af terij^airds aid to 
Gen. Greene, and was the second of Alexander Hamilton in his duel iwith Aaron 
Burr. He was the ancestor of Geo. H. Pendleton, who was minister to Berlin. 
His brother Henry was an eminent jurist in South Carolina, after whom the 
Pendleton District was called. Another daughter of Clayton married Wm. 
Williams, the father of Gen. James, Maj. John, Philip and Wm. Clayton "Wil- 
liams, from whom a numerous progeny has descended. Another daughter 
married Col. James Slaughter, the father of Captain P. ^laughter, who was 
born at Catalpa, Dec. 1758. He was living with his grandfather and going to 
school here to Adam-Goodlet, master of the first classical school ever in Cul- 
peper to that date, when the Minute Men met in Clayton^s old field (Catalpa) 
in 1775. Hence he had the best opportunity of knowing the facts recorded in 
his journal. The Minute Man, Gen. Stevens, who cast the electoral vote of 
this district for Washington, also married the daughter of Robert Coleman. 

Hon. Thos. L. Thompson, who was once elected to Congress from Califor- 
nia, is a lineal descendant of Philip Clayton and Philip Slaughter. The first 
colonel of the Minute Men of Culpeper, Laurence Taliaferro, b!as descendants 
here in the children of the late Dr. Alfred Taliaferro and Mrs. Alcocke. 

FAIRFAX LODGE, NO. 48, A. F. & A. M. 

The publishers are much indebted to Mr. George Dabney Gray, of the Cul- 
peper bar, for the following extracts of an address which he delivered before 
the members of Fairfax Lodge on the occasion of their Centennial Anniversary, 
which was the 27th. day of December, 1894, The address was published in 
pamphlet form, at the request of the Lodge: 

"At the request of Fairfax Lodge, which came to me with the force of an 
order, it was my pleasure to obey. I am here to speak to you on this Centen- 
nial Anniversary of our Lodge, which we meet to celebrate to-night. We meet 
as a band of brothers to retrim our altar fires and renew our devotion to the 
sacred principles of our order. 

"The day itself is a proud Masonic Jubilee, hallowed by associations of tbe 
past and by traditions of the most thrilling interest to every Mason. For 
many hundred years our order has celebrated the ^4th of June, and the 27th. 
of December, in honor of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, 

two eminent church Patrons in Masonry. But this 27th of Decemher, 1894, is 
of especial interest to the members of this Lodge. 

"One hundred years ago to to-day Fairfax Lodge, No. 43, was organized at 
this place, under a charter from the Grand Lodge of Virginia, which was sign- 
ed by Chief Justice John Marshall, then Grand Master. 

"The Grand Lodge of Virginia was organized 1778, with John Blair, Mas- 
ter and with only five Lodges Increased rapidly so that in 1794, 16 years af- 
terwards when this Lodge was organized there were 42 Lodges in Virginia In 
1822, there were 128 Lodges 

James Mercer was Second Grand Master. 
Ed. Randolph, Third Grand Master. 
Alex. Montgomery, Fourth Grand Master. 
Thomas Mathews, Fifth Grand Master. 
John Marshall, Sixth Grand Master. 
"The present number of Lodges in Virginia is over 300. On the 9th of De- 
cember, 1794, a charter was issued by the Grand Lodge of Virginia for the for- 
mation of Fairfax Lodge No. 43, at this place, then known as Fairfax. It was 
signed by Chief Justice of the U. S., John Marshall, and named the follow- 
ing as officers of the new Lodge: Philip Rootes Thompson, Master; Birket Da- 
venport, S. W. and Philip Lightfoot, Jr., Warden, and at the same time a com- 
mittee of three members of the Grand Lodge were appointed to install the 
said officers. 

"On the 27th day of December, 1794, at the house of Benjamin Shackelford, 
in the town of Fairfax, the said officers were duly installed and the first meet- 
ing of the new Lodge was held and the following additional officers were elect- 
ed and installed : Thomas Knox. Treas., John Shackelford, Secty., Thomas 
Jameson, S. D., Ed. Pendleton, J. D., John Hawkins, Tyler. The new Lodge 
and the members repaired in procession to the Court House where a sermon 
was preached by Rev John Woodville, Chaplain. He was the Rector of the 
Episcopal church at that time. 

"There were twenty members at the first meeting. The little town of Fair- 
fax was then in its infancy, having been laid out in 1734; indeed the Republic 
was then in its infancy. It had only been 13 years since the battle of York- 
town, which secured the independence of the American Colonies, 7 years from 
the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, and five years from the 
election of the first President, George Washington, and he was still President 
. in 1794, having been elected for the second term in 1792. George III was still 
on the throne of England. 

"Philip Rootes Thompson was the son of Rev. John Thompson, who was 
Rector of St. Mark^s Parish, and in 1801-7 represented this district in Congress. 
Birket Davenport was the great grandfather of P. L. Jameson. Major P. 
Lightfoot is" well known to many of you: an old bachelor whose white cravat 
and linen bosom were always spotless— the only man ever known who could 
walk from his residence to the court house without getting a stain on his 
shining shoes. Benj. Shackelford kept the house known as the old Bell Tav- 
ern which was a large frame building situated on the corner of the lot on which 
B. C. Macoy now lives. He was the father of John Shackelford, our old attorney 
for the Commonwealth and grand-father of the late Judge Henry Shackelford. 
This hotel was afterwards kept by Jerre Strother and it was burned down in 
the year 1845. Thomas Knox was the father of the old merchant, Thos. F. 

Knox, of Fredericksburg. Thomas Jameson was a nephew of Col. John Jame- 
son an officer of the Revolution. John Jameson is the grand-father of Phillip 
Jameson and was Clerk of the County from 1772 to 1810. Ed. Pendleton was 
the son of Col. James Pendleton. 


"Among the friends of this infant Lodge there was a distinguished General 
of the Revolutionary army. He had gained great distinction at the battle of 
Great Bridge and Brandywine, Germantown, Camden, Guilford C. H. and 
Yorktown. He had been severely wounded at Guilford. He lived in the houfle 
afterwards owned by P. T. Lightfoot (burned down). Soon after the Lodge 
was formed he donated to them a lot of ground for the erection of a building 
to be used as a Lodge room, and the Lodge by private subscription soon raised 
money enough to erect a building for their meetings. Gen. Stevens also de- 
vised by his will one acre of land near his own family burying ground to be 
used as a cemetery for the members of the Lodge and their families. He died 
in 1820. 

*^The new Lodge continued to hold its meetings at the house of Benj. 
Shackelford until they moved into their own Hall built upon the lot donated 
to them by Gen. Ed. Stevens. The last meeting held at the house of Benjamin 
Shackelford was June 3rd. 1797. The first meeting held in their new Hall was 
on July 7th. 1797. The dedication was Aug. 1st. 1797, with appropriate cere- 
monies. At their March meeting in 1798, a committee was appointed to wait 
on Genl. Stevens and express the thanks of the Lodge for his great liberality. 
At the meeting Dec. 27th. 1799, the following resolution was passed: Resolved, 
that this Lodge show a testimony of their deep regret at the decease of oar 
late and worthy brother, Genl. George Washington, Grand Master of America, 
by wearing crape for the day and that the Treasurer prooore the same.^' 
Washington died December 14th. 1799. 

^^Among the members of the old Lodge from 1820, 1836, were the following: 
Judge R. H. Field, distinguished Judge of the Circuit Court. Robt. G. Ward, 
Clerk of Circuit Court till 1851. John C. Williams, known as Capt. Jack. Jer- 
emiah Strother, grand-father of Rev. John Hansbrough and great grand-father 
of Mrs. Macoy; at one time kept old Bell Tavern. Wm. M. Thompson, father 
of Hon. R. W. Thompson, member of Congress from Ind., and Sect, of Navy 
under President Hays. Jonathan C. Gibson, father of Col. J. C. Gibson, and a 
great lawyer. Wm. Foushee, father of Mrs. Fayette Latham, and the late Mrs. 
Cole. John Strother, cousin of Jeremiah Strother and law partner of Fayette 
Mauzy. Andrew Glassell, grand-father of Dr. A. G. Grinnan. Wm. Emison, 
long Commissioner of Court, &;c. J. W. Denton, father of Mrs. Robert Williams. 
Isham B. Mason, father of Mrs. Jessie L. Burrows (built old C H. and St. Ste- 
phens church.) Rev. Herbert Marshall, father of the late George £. Marshall. 
Samel A. Starrow, Col. in U. S. Army, father of Mrs. Judge Bell and Mrs. Dr. 
Thompson. Hon. John S. Pendleton, member of Congrress and Minister to Chili. 
Major Philip Williams, father of George M. Williams. Jeremiah Latham. St. 
Pierre Shackelford. Wm. G. Allan, father of J. M. and A. M. Allan. Richard 
Jeffries, grand-father of W. L and J. L. Jeffries. Martin Slaughter who built 
brick house (now jail). James B. Clayton. Thomas Bell. Thomas \y. Light- 
foot, Clerk from 1818 to 1831, father of Frank Lightfoot. Col. David Jameson, 
father of David and Washington Jameson. Col. John Thorn, of Berry Hill. 
Robt. N. Norris, father of Miss Bell Norris. Thos. Knox, father of the old mer- 
chant Thomas F. Knox, of Fredericksburg. Wm. Clayton Williams, father of 
Lewis B. Williams of Orange; was an eminent lawyer. Thos. Hall, old mer- 
. chant, lived at old Hall farm. Robt. Green, son of Col. John Green, of the 
Revolution and brother of Genl. Moses Green. Reuben Fry, son of Rev. Hen- 
ry Fry, built the house where Ed. Lightfoot died, was father of Judge Fry of 
West Virginia and Philip S. Fry, Clerk of Orange. Maj. John Roberts offi- 
cer of Revolution and grand-father of John Strother and Dr. Johnson Strother, 
Past Master of this Lodge. Wm. Broadus, Clerk from 1811 to 1816. Zephaniah 


Turner, amd John Turner. Robert Lovell, Wm. Hurt, Jones Green, Geo. Fiek- 
len, Wm. Conner^ Nimrod Popham, Thos. Porter, Wm. Ward and Moses Samuel. 

**A ball was given in this Lodge room and by the Lodge to the Marquis De 
La Fayette, upon his visit to this country in 1822. La Fayette was a great Ma- 
son as well as a distinguished General and was the bosom friend of George 

''Culpeper was as famous then, as she has always been, for her beautiful 
women, and La Fayette is said to have remarked on that occasion that he had 
never seen prettier women. 

"The Lodge continued to work under this charter of 1794 till the year 1847. 
But we have no record of their meetings after January, 1801. Their building 
was burned in the year 1846 or '47. In 1855, the Lodge was reorganized under a 
new charter but with the same name and number and met in the Verandah 
Building. The officers were F. Mauzy, Master, Dr. P. C Slaughter, Sr. War- 
den, J; L. Burrows, Jr. Warden. In the year 1858 the present building was 
erected by the subscriptions of the members of the Lodge with such aid as 
could be obtained from other Masons. 

"During the war between the Stated the work of the Lodge was suspended 
from 1861 to 1865. During the occupation of the town by the Federal army in 
the summer of 1862, under Gen. Pope, the Lodge room was broken open and the 
Hall was greatly damaged, the furniture all destroyed and the charter, regalia, 
jewels and books of the Lodge carried away. These books contained all the 
minutes and proceedings of the Lodge from its organization down to the year 
1861. Only one of these books has been recovered and fortunately that is the 
one containing the minutes from the organization down to 1801, together with 
a copy of the charter issued by Grand Master John Marshall. This old book 
was sent by one Wm. J. Jenks, in 1894, just ten years ago to the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, and by that Lodge ordered to be sent to the Grand Lodge of 
Virginia, which was done and that Lodge sent it to this Lodge. No more in- 
excusable act of vandalism was perpetrated during the war. The damages 
were assessed in August, 1835, at $1,169.05 and certified to by the Federal offi- 
cer then in command of what was theaa termed the "Sub District of Culpeper." 
It is hoped that the time will come when these damages will be paid by the 
U. S. Government as well as all other damages done to other Masonic property 
and to churches. 

"On the 30th of August, 1865, the Lodge held its first meeting after the war 
under dispensation from the Grand Lodge dated 24th. of Aug. 1865* The meet- 
ing was held in the office of Dr. R. S. Lewis over Alcocke's store. The officers 
then were G. D. Gray, W. M., who had been Master since 1858, C. T. Crittenden, 
S. Ww, R. S. Lewis, J. W., L. C Turner, Secty., Wm. M. Thomp3on, S. D., F. 
D. Johnson, J. D., J. L. Burrows, Tyler. The Lodge met in their Hall the 
26th. of January, 1866, and G. D. Gray was requested to visit Baltimore and 
other places to solicit aid to purchase carpet, jewels, &c.; under this resolution 
he visited Baltimore and obtained money sufficient for these purposes and the 
Lodge passed resolutions of thanks to these Lodges on the 23rd. of Feb. 1866. 
The Hall had then been papered and carpeted &c.. 

"Fayette Mauzy, Clerk of this County from 1838-73, 35 years, was a man Of 
rare intelligence and geniality of nature; he had a memory unsurpassed in ten- 
acity and accuracy and enjoyed the unwavering confidence of the people and 
of the bar and bench. He was greatly beloved by his brethren of the Lodge, 
and indeed by the whole community. He was ready at all times to give infor- 
mation and advice to those who needed it. His most striking. characteristic 
perhaps was his wonderful equanimity of temper. Diogenes hardly excelled 


''When Alexander the Great was at the city of Corinth during the PerBian 
war he was visited by many statesmen and philosophers who came to do him 
honor and he hoped that Diogenes would have come with them, but as he did 
not, Alexander went to see him and he found him lying in the sun and taking 
little notice of the great General. Alexander asked him how he could serve 
him. *Only stand a little out of my sunshine^ said Diogenes. Alexander was 
struck with surprise at finding himself so little regarded and saw something so 
great in that carelessness that while his courtiers were ridiculing the PhUoso- 
pher he said: *if I were not Alexander I would wish to be Diogenes.' Fayette 
Mauzy would have received a visit from Alexander or Napoleon or from a 
greater man than either, Robt. E. Lee, with the same composure but with 
more politeness than was shown by Diogenes to Alexander. He was always 
polite and courteous to every one and ready to serve them. 

^^Dr. Philip C. Slaughter was a man of great sagacity and capital sense and 
though somewhat reserved and peculiar he wielded great influence in the 
county. He was truly a zealous Mason and rarely failed to attend the meet- 
ings of the Lodge, and although for many years S. W., he was like the 
Ephraimites who wanted to pass over the Jordan but could not give the tme 
Shibboleth. He could never give the true response of his office. His death on 
the 19th. of June, 1866, occurred at the Lodge room in this place; he was then 
S. W. protem and we were giving the Master^s degree to J. S. Grinnan. 

^^What shall we say of our faithful and zealous Chaplain, John Cole, one 
of nature^s noblemen, and one of God^s highest and best gifts to man« for his 
life was devoted to all that was noble and good and true. No thought of wrong 
ever entered his mind or disturbed his high purposes. He had a virtue which 
no power could tempt and a courage no danger could shake, and although his 
face and bearing to some might seem austere, his big heart was as tender and 
gentle and soft as a woman's. 

^^Dr. Wm. M. Thompson, so long J. W., full of humor and fun and of great 
kindness of heart, full of sympathy for the distressed. He was a man of sing- 
ularly pure and upright character, honored and respected by all who knew 
him. Perfectly devoted to his family and always in a good humor. His home 
was the place where he was most loved and by wife and children he was con- 
sidered without fault. He had a way, long to be remembered, of asking asnent 
to every proposition or opinion advanced by himself with the question "Don't 
you think so." 

"Jesse L. Burrows, the faithful Tyler of the Lodge for more than 50 years. 
The sacred oracles at Delphi were not guarded with more fidelity than did 
this faithful sentinel guard the entrance of his Lodge. He loved his Lodge and 
his heart was full of charity and love for all his brethren, and he was ready to 
serve them at all times with alacrity and pleasure. 

"Charles Ed. Lightfoot, fitted by nature to command, was one of the best 
Masters that ever presided over the Lodge, and was as true and Knightly a 
Cavalier as ever drew sword in defense of his country. In his dealings with 
his fellow men, no one possessed a higher sense of honor. 

"Of the ante- war Masons there are not more than half a dozen left. The 
memory of those brethren and their deeds is grjeidually fading away. How for- 
cibly these memories impress upon us the solemn lessons taught us so beauti- 
fully in the Master's Degree. ^Man that is born of a woman is of few days and 
full of trouble. He cometu forth as a fiower and is cut down. He fleeth as a 
shadow and continueth not.' ^Our life is as a vapor that appeareth for a lit- 
tle while and then vanisheth away.' The hearts of the strongest of us are but 
as muffled drums beating funeral dirges to the grave." 



To-day Culpeper, the old town of Fairfax, is a thrifty place of some 2000 
sople. The town contains a number of handsome residences, with large green 
wns and beautiful shade trees, the delight of the Southern people. It is sup- 
ied with first class brick sidewalks, and a system of water works that is of 
•eat advantage, the natural pressure being entirely sufficient for all purposes. 

The present municipal government is as follows; Mayor, John Strode Bar- 
mr; Recorder and Assessor, G. Chapin Lightfoot; Treasurer, G. W, Keerl; 
Duncilmen, R. B. Macoy, W. A. Ashby, J. H. Traylor, J. W. Swan, David 
ally and Robert F. Booton; Town Sergeant, A. P. Hill. 

There is a bank, C. J Rixey, proprietor, and two weekly newspa- 
5rs, the CuLPEPER Exponent, established 1881, Raleigh T. Green, editor 
id proprietor; and the Culpkper Enterprise, J. T. Wampler, editor and 

There are two drug stores, Joseph B. GorrelPs, established in 1858, and R. 
. Macoys, a roller flour mill with a capacity of 125 barrels a day. Fray & Co., 
ain commission merchants, successors of Waite, Miller & Company, several 
y goods stores, two furniture stores, two jewelry establishments, two under- 
kers, one marble yard, iron foundry, machine shop, two hardware stores, 
le Baptist, Episcopal, Catholic, Presbyterian and Methodist church. Large, 
odem and commodious public school buildings for both white and col- 
ed. A female seminary, &c., &c. 

The resident physicians are: Drs. W. J. Strother, A. S. Rixey, E. H. Lewis 
id H. T. Chelf. The lawyers are Messrs. G. D. Gray, D. A. Grimsley, J. C. 
ibson, W. L. Jeffries, J. L. Jeffries, J. S. Barbour, Burnett Miller, T. Edwin 
rimsley, Chas. M. Waite, E. H. Gibson, C. J. Rixey Jr., D. J. F. Strother and 
ileigh T. Green. 

The county government is as follows: Judge of the Circuit Court, Daniel 
Grimsley; Judge of the County Court, William L. Jeffries; Attorney for the 
>mmonwealth, Chas. M. Waite; Clerk of the County and Circuit Courts, 
arren E. Coons; Treasurer, S. Russell Smith; Sheriff, A. W. Pulliam; Sur- 
yor, J. R. P. Humphries; Commissioners of the Revenue, John A. Holtzman 
id Russell H. Yowell; Superintendent of Public Schools, James M. Beckham; 
amber of the State Senate, John L. Jeffries; Member of the House of Dele- 
.tes, S. R. McClanahan; Member of Congress from this district, John F. 

Besides Culpeper, the county seat, other towns and villages are: Brandy 

ation, Mitchell's Station, Richardsville, Germanna, Raccoon Ford, Rapidan, 

ffersontou, Rixeyville, Homeland, Eggbornsville, Boston, Stevensburg, Lig- 

im, Hudson's Mill, Crooked Run, Clarkson, Kelly's Ford, Winston ville. Oak 
lade (the seat of Little Fork Church) and Waterloo. 

The present county officers of Rappahannock county are as follows: 
rcuit Judge, C. E. Nicol, of Prince William county; County Judge, H. M. 
iidley (succeeded J. F. Strother); Clerk, Thomas F. Haywood; Sheriff, N. J. 
•opp, Jr.; Treasurer, B. J. Wood; Commonwealth's Attorney, Horace G. 
offett; Superintendent of Schools, H. M. Miller; Surveyor, J E. Sutphin; 
ember of House of Delegates, G. W. Settle; Member of Congress from the dis- 
ict, James Hay, of Madison county. The county seat is Washington. Other 
wns are Sperryville, Amissville, Woodville, Laurel Mills, Gaines X Roads, 
ate Mills, Flint Hill and Castleton. 

The county officers of Madison county are as follows: Circuit Judge, D. A. 
rimsley, of Culpeper; County Judge, F. M. McMuUan; Clerk, N. W. Crisler; 
•easurer, H. P. Smith; Sheriff, D. M. Pattie; Commonwealth's Attorney, 
imes E. Thrift. Madison C. H. is the county seat. Other towns and villages 
e: Hajrwood, Criglersville, Oak Park, Dulinsville, Fray, Peola Mills, Graves 
ill, Rochelle, Twyman's Mill, Locust Dale, Wolftown and Nether's Mill. 



The following is an address which was delivered by the late Rev. Philip 
Slaughter, D. D., on the occasion of the presentation on the 6th. of September, 
1887, of a flag to the Culpeper Minute Men. The reply of the late Judge John 
W. Bell, who received the flag on behalf of the company, is also given. 

"As the son of one of the original Minute Men of 1775, I naturally feel an 
interest in their history. And as I happen to have the only contemporary 
record of their flrst formation, I have thought it might have some interest for 
you. The late Captain Slaughter, of Slaughter's Mountain, left a journal of 
his daily life from the year 1775 (when, at the age of sixteen years, he joined 
Capt. John Jameson's company of Minute Men, to the year of his death), cov- 
ering a period of 75 years. In this journal he recorded the first formation of 
the Minute Men of Culpeper, their first march to Williamsburg, and his daily 
marches throughout the Revolutionary War, including a minute detail of the 
battles of Brandy wine and Germantown; of the dreadful winter at Valley 
Forge, near Philadelphia, where some officers were reduced to a single shirt, 
and had to wrap themselves in a blanket while that shirt was washed, and had 
to cut up the body of the shirt to make collars when they appeared on parade, 
until the yoke and sleeves were all that remained; and the soldiers left the 
print of their naked feet upon the cold snow. Some officers were better off, 
and he tells an anecdote of his mess mate, Lieut. John Marshall (the embryo 
Chief Justice) who had the only pair of silk stockings in the regiment. Just 
before the battle of Brandywine, Marshall wore his stockings to an evening 
party in the country, and slept that night in camp upon a bed of leaves. At 
midnight alarm guns were fired, and Marshall not being able to find his stock- 
ings in the dark, set fire to the leaves, which burned a hole in his stockings, 
into which he thrust his feet, and away he went in that comical costume. 

"Capt. Slaughter's war journal was taken by the Federals when my house 
was pillaged during the Civil War. There was, however, a duplicate of the 
first twelve pages in the author's autograph, and it so happened thai .these 
pages contain the account of the time, place and circumstances of the organi- 
zation of the Minute Men of Culpeper. Before I read some extracts from the 
journal it may be well to remind you of the political situation that led up to 
these events. 

*'The year 1775 was the transition era from a monarchy to a republic. 
When Lord Dunmore, fearing the resentment of the people for his removal of 
the gun-powder from the magazine at Williamsburg, had taken refuge on a 
man-of-war, British rule had practically ceased in what used to be called his 
Majesty's ''Ancient Colony and Dominion of Virginia," but the republic had 
not been formally inaugurated. In this emergency it became necessary to 
take measures of self defence. The people met in convention July 17th., 1775. 
The convention appointed a general committee of safety for the colony and di- 
rected committees of safety to be chosen by the freeholders in each county. 


Jlpon these committees was devolved the supreme executive authority. The 
military consisted of two regiments of regulars, commanded by Patrick Henry 
and William Woodford— and of the militia. The county lieutenant and com- 
mander-in-chief of the militia of Culpeper was James Barbour, the great-grand- 
father of the Hon. John S. Barbour and James Barbour, who was once a rep- 
resentative from this county. 

"The convention also divided the colony into 16 districts, in each of which 
a battalion of 500 men was to be raised and disciplined to march at a moment's 
warning. This district was composed of the counties of Fauquier, Culpeper 
and Orange, and the committee of safety commissioned Lawrence Taliaferro, 
of Orange, to be the colonel; Edward Stevens, of Culpeper, to be the lieuten- 
ant colonel; and Thos. Marshall, of Fauquier, the father of Chief Justice Mar- 
shall, the major of this battalion. They also commissioned ten captains for 
the companies into which the battalion was distributed. 

**Captain Slaughter only gives the name of the captain of the company to 
which he belonged, to-wit: John Jameson, the grandfather of your townsman, 
Mr. Philip Jameson, who was then clerk of the county. One of them probably 
was Capt. Nat. Pendleton, who was the ancestor of George H. Pendleton, once 
Minister at Berlin. Others may have been captain afterwards. General James 
Williams, who has so many descendants in the county, and Major John Wil- 
liams, the ancestor of the Pattons, who were so prominent in the late war, and 
Captain James Pendleton, the ancestor of the Hon. Joh,n:S.vPendleton, Capt. 
Philip, Clayton and Col. James Slaughter, who were with the Minute Men in 
in the first battle in Virginia. The camp of the Minute Men was in Major 
Clayton's old field (Catalpa), and the precise spot was marked within my mem- 
ory by a grand old oak, which, with all its honors, the woodman 'would not 
spare.' The author of the journal thus describes the meeting of the Minute 

*We encamped in Clayton's old field. Some had tents, and others huts ot 
plank, &G, The whole regiment appeared according to orders in hunting 
shirts made of strong, brown linen, dyed the color of the leaves of the trees, 
and on the breast of each hunting shirt was worked in large white letters the 
words, 'Liberty or Death' I . and all that could procure for love or money 
bucks' tails, wore them in their hats. Each man had a leather belt around his 
shoulders, with a tomahawk and scalping-knife. The flag had in the center a 
rattlesnake coiled in the act to strike. Below it were the words, 'Don't tread 
on me !' At the sides, 'Liberty or Death' ! and at the top, 'The Culpeper 
Minute Men.' 

'During our encampment an express arrived from Patrick Henry, com- 
mandant of the First Virginia Continental Regiment, by order of the commit- 
tee of safety, then sitting in the city of Williamsburg, requesting the Minute 
Men to march immediately to that city, as Governor Dunmore had conveyed 
powder and military stores from the magazine to a British man-of-war, etc., 
etc. The Minute Men immediately made ready and marched with all possible 
dispatch, and in a few days reached the city of Williamsburg. Many people 
hearing that we were^ from the backwoods, near the Indians, and seeing our 
dress, were as much afraid of us for a few days as if we had been Indians; but 
finding that we were orderly and attentive in guarding the city, they treated 
us with great respect. We took great pride in demeaning ourselves as patriots 
and gentlemen. The Minute Men were chiefly armed with fowling-pieces and 
squirrel-guns, and Dunmore having retired to the man-of-war, one-half of the 
men returned home. My father remained, but insisted that I should go back 
to school, I not being quite seventeen years old. This, by the advice of friends. 


I agreed to do. Those Minute Men who remained under the command of Col. 
Edward Stevens, of Culpeper, and Major Tom Marshall, of Fauquier, had the 
honor of being at the battle of the Great Bridge, that being the first battle 
fought in Virginia. They were also at Norfolk when that city was burned. 

'In the spring of '76 I again left school and enlisted as a soldier in Captain 
John Jameson's troop of cavalry, but before the company was ready to inarch 
I was appointed by the committee of safety a lieutenant in Capt. Gabriel 
Long's company of riflemen. We raised the company and marched to join the 
army under Gen. Washington, in New York. In the spring of '77 we joined 
the 11th. Va. Continental Regiment, in New Jersey, which was commanded by 
Daniel Morgan.' 

"This is all in the journal which concerns the Minute Men of Culpeper. 

"So many of the Culpeper companies having been in the course of the war 
absorbed into the Continental regiments that, by Act of Assembly October, 
1776, they were dissolved and merged in the militia. Thus, though the men 
were fighting on every field, the name no longer survived. When the name 
had been buried nearly a century and the blast of the bugle was again heard 
in the land, the sires rose in the persons of their sons, unfurled the old flag, 
disclosing its emblem ready to strike, and rattling the warning, 'Don't tread 
on me.' The Minute Men were reorganized, with Tazewell Patton, a graduate 
of the Virginia Military Institute, for their captain. In 1860 a flag was pre- 
sented to them by that unique orator, John S. Pendleton, who stirred their 
hearts with his burning words. Captain Patton rapidly rose to be colonel of 
the 7th. Virginia Infantry, and after braving the battle and the breeze on ma- 
ny a hard-fought field, fell in that dreadful charge of Pickett's Division on the 
Heights of Gettysburg in 1863. His body, after lying embalmed in a vault at 
Baltimore, was re-interred in the Stonewall cemetery at Winchester, at dead of 
night, in the same grave with that of his brother George, colonel of the 33nd. 
Virginia Infantry, who, while commanding a brigade in the battle of Winches- 
ter, was mortally wounded by a shell in 1864. And these two gallant, loving 
brothers embraced each other in the dust of one grave. Three streams of 
Revolutionary blood met in their veins — that of the Minute Men of Culpeper, 
Major John Williams and Capt. P. Slaughter, and that of Gen. Mercer, the he- 
ro of Princeton. 

"And this reminds me of an incident in Gen. Mercer's life, pertinent to the 
present occasion. When a captain under Washington, in the war against tlie 
Indians and French in 1775, his right arm being shattered by a ball, he became 
separated from his company, and with the Indians whooping in hot pursuit, 
he only escaped by hiding in a hollow tree, upon which they sat without dis- 
covering him. Having a wilderness of 100 miles to traverse he was only saved 
from starvation by killing a rattlesnake, upon which, and some roots, he sub- 
sisted until he reached Port Cumberland. It was fitting that the son of a sire 
who had fed upon a rattlesnake should command a company whose flag was 
emblazoned with a picture of that animal, and which was a/i« simiie of the flag 
under which his ancestor marched through the wilderness to Willamsburg in 
1775. There appeared in the London Morning Chronicle, of Feb. 25, 1776, a re- 
markable article in these words: *The Americans have a flag with a snake 
with 13 rattles on it, in the attitude to strike, and with the motto, 'Don't tread 
on me.' It is a rule in heraldry that the worthy properties of an animal on a 
crest should alone be considered. The rattlesnake is an emblem of America, 
being found in no other part of the world. The eye excels in brightness. It 
has no eye-lids, and is therefore an emblem of vigilance. She never begins an 
attack, and never surrenders, and is therefore an emblem of magnanimity. 


She never wounds until she has given warning. Her weapons are not display- 
ed until drawn for defence. Her power of fascination resembles America — 
those who look steadily on her are involuntarily drawn towards, and having 
once approached, never leave her. She is beautiful in youth, and her beauty 
increases with age. Her tongue is forked as lightning. 

"Captain Patton was succeeded by his lieutenant, Capt. Crittenden, who 
soon rose to the command of a regiment, whose flag he followed in many a 
bloody battle, and is with us to-day, a battle-scarred veteran, still owning the 
flag, all tattered and torn, presented by Pendleton to Patton in 1860. The 
Minute Men of Culpeper were again reorganized in 1879 by Capt. Wm. Nalle, a 
graduate of the Virginia Military Institute. His lot has fallen in times of 
peace, but if ever the occasion comes to "flash his maiden sword," he will 
doubtless bear himself as becomes a Minute Man of Culpeper. And this brings 
me to your present gallant captain (Burrows), who, though not himself de- 
rived from the Minute men of '75, his better half is; and what is better still, he 
has won his laurels on the field, having shed his blood at Manassas, and been 
captured in Picket's historic charge at Gettysburg. To him I now present 
this flag in memory of the men who fought our battles in council and in the 
field. Perhaps it may enhance your interest in it to know that it was painted 
for me by a maiden who is a lineal descendant of a Minute Man of '75. And 
now let me say to the young men who have not been promoted to the holy es- 
tate of matrimony, that when the aforesaid Minute Man was made captain in 
the field he wrote the m^me of his sweetheart upon his commission, vowing 
that it would never be disgraced. Having heard that a powerful rival was be- 
sieging the heart of his betrothed in bis absence, aud not being able to get a 
furlough, he sent a sergeant 500 mileS to Culpeper, to make a reconnoisance of 
the situation, who reported that the enemy had retreated. After the war they 
were married. Perhaps you would like to know her name — it was Margaret 
French, the same as that of Col. Patton's mother, who was her grand-daugh- 
ter. She was the daughter of French Strother, who represented Culpeper for 
thirty (30) years, and who was Senator when he died. He was a member of 
the Assembly of '76, which gave us our constitution, bill of rights, and act of 
relig^ious freedom. His own son, Geo. French, was a member of Congress from 
Culpeper, as was also his grandson, James French, whose son, Captain Johri 
Strother, has served in council and in the field. He is represented here to-day 
in the person of Dr. Johnson Strother, who also, with Mr. George Williams and 
his son, represent Gen. James Williams, of the Revolution. And I may add 
that a grandson of this romantic marriage is here this morning, a member of 
the present company of Minute Men, as are also two descendants of James Bar- 
bour— the county lieutenant of 1775, whose grandson and great-grandson have 
represented us in Congress, and another of the same name in the General As- 
sembly and the convention." 

judge bell's reply. 
*'Dr. Slaughter: 

Rev. Sir. — It gives me the profoundest pleasure to meet and to greet you 
here to-day. I rejoice from the inmost depths of my heart to look upon your 
face again, and to see in it plainly the fading lineaments of your distinguished 
sire who, one hundred and eleven years ago, stood near the wide-spreading and 
historic oak on yonder hill, and helped form and command the first *Culpep- 
er Minute Men' of 1775, and who threw to the breeze their ever memorable flag 
with the deflant motto, 'Don't tread on me.' 

"They shed lustre on themselves in the Revolution of '76, and have come 
down to iK)sterity with imperishable honor I Glory and honor, and riches and 


fame to the illustrious old Philip Slauj?htor of Culpeper. 

^'Born and commissioned for an exalted destiny, the old Minute Men of 
Culpeper boldly declared, *no taxation without representation,' and cour- 
ageously adhered to the great prerogatives of Magna Charta, 'life, liberty, and 
the pursuit of happiness.' They will live in history and in the hearts of the 
people, as long as the love of American liberties survives. 

"The second company of the Culpeper Minute Men was formed in April or 
May, 1859, just eighty-three years thereafter. Impelled by the like gallant 
spirit that aroused their fathers of '76, they marched out, fought and bled in 
defense of their personal and property rights, of their constitutional and polit- 
ical liberty: a cause than which, none more sacred ever enlisted the feelings 
and patriotism of men, or employed the strong arm and courage of soldiers. 

"Glorious, valorous Minute Men of 1860 1 They, like their illustrious pred- 
ecessors of '76, 'formed in a minute, marched in a minute, and fought in a 

"Turned over to the Confederate States they were afterward merged in 
the distinguished and chivalrous 13th. Virginia, once commanded by the dis- 
tinguished and gallant Hill, afterwards Lieutenant General of the. Confederate 
forces, and the courageous and "bloody 49th.," then commanded by the gal- 
lant and intrepid Smith, afterwards the War Governor of Virginia. They will 
live in the brilliant history of the Southern Confederacy of States, as those of 
'76 do in that of the united colonies of North America. 

"And now, soldiers, can a richer compliment be paid to the 'Minute Men' 
of 1879, than to receive this beautiful and lovely flag, this day presented to you 
by this distinguished and eloquent son of the yet more distinguished old Cap- 
tain Philip Slaughter of Culpeper. 

"As I behold you standing before me, I recall an incident which, if my 
memory does not fail me, I read in the history of the campaigns of Frederick 
the Great. At night-fall, after one of those sanguinary, but victorious en- 
gagements, which crowned him as the mightiest captain of his age, the shat- 
tered and bleeding remnant of one of his legions was ordered up for the roll- 
call. As the name of each absentee was called, a shout like the sound of a 
trumpet rent the air with the answer, 'dead on the field of honor'! 

"Soldiers and man, if the roll-call of the 'Minute Men' of a century ago was 
now called, how those brave, grand words would reverberate down the lapse 
of years. 

"You bear on your flag the fierce motto under which they marched to 
death — you bear their name, and though no stern alarms now dispel the peace- 
ful quiet of your lives, the strict performance of military duty the soldierly fi- 
delity of comrade to comrade, the sleepless vigilance by the bivouac and by 
the camp-fires are yours to perform. 

"Bone of their bone, and fiesh of their fiesh, may you, soldiers, prove wor- 
thy of your illustrious predecessors; bear aloft their fiag untarnished and un- 
soiled, and emulate their example in war and their virtues in peace. 

"I accept this flag, Dr. Slaughter in the name of the 'Culpeper Minute 
Men' with the profoundest gratitute and pride." 


The following is the roll of the Minate Men at the beginning of the war be- 
tween the states. With some few exceptions, this is the roll of the men as they 
left Culpeper for Harper's Ferry, with a partial statement of those killed and 


Tazewell Patton, Captain. Chas. T. Crittenden, let. Lieutenant. 

James H. Baughan, 2nd. Lieutenant. B. H. Priddie, 3rd. Lieutenant. 

Geo. M. Williams, 1st. Serj?eant. Ben. H. Gorrell, 2nd. Serjeant. 

W. A. Ashby, 8d. Serji^eant. A. J. Stofer, 4th. Sergeant. 

W. A. Coppage, Color Sergeant. Z. T. Ross, Ist. Corporal. 

P. L. Jameson, 2nd. Corporal. J. P. Morton, 3rd. Corporal. 

J. J. Utz, 4th. Corporal. 
Privates— Wm. F. Anderson, killed in battle; W. C. Apperson, R. L. Ap- 
person, J. H. Apperson, P. M. Barrows, H. W. Ball, deai: John W. Bell, dead: 
John Brown, dead; H. W. Carpenter, Geo. S. Carter, dead; J T. Finney, dead ; 
Jas. Parish, dead; Bruce Parish, John Preeman, John. W. Fry, Jas. G. Pield, 
R. Y. Pield, A. P. Gaines, J. C. Gibson after serving a short while organized a 
company and was assigned to 49th. Va., and elected Col.; Jas. T. Grinnan, G. 
A. Grinnan, killed 12th. May, 1863; G. D. Gray, J. C. Green, Wm. Hill, Charles 
Jenkins, R. S. Jeflfries, dead; C. S. Jones, dead; P. S. Jones, Jas. Keys, J. E . 
Lewis, T. M. Lewis, daad; J. M. Lewis, killed in battle: E. P. Long, dead; John 
Lee, J, W. McDaniel, J. P. Starke, J. T. Shepherd, J. W. R. Smith, Brooke 
Roberts, J. W. Slaughter, Clayton Slaughter, Lewis Tamer, R. M. Thomas » 
W. A. Thompson, dioi soon after enlisting aged 17 years; Jas. Wood, J. M. 
Wood, H. C. Pendleton, Jas. H. Patton, J. R. R. Tapp, J. T. White, John 
Steward, dead; Dr. R. S. Lewis, Surgeon, dead; Mead Battle, Ben Battle, Jas. 
Vass, Geo. P. Vass, John Lawrence, .Minnis Jameson, George W. Jameson, 
John Rivercomb, Jacob Barnes, Hugh Patton 

Lieutenant J. H. Baughan was appointed Quartermaster and Commissary 
bv Colonel Hill in Spring of 18(51; Sergeant W. A. Ashby was appointed at 
same time Quartermaster Sergeant of Regiment. This company was disband- 
ed in fall of 1862, and all of its men went into service again in different branch- 
es of the services. 

THE ROLL OF 1898. 
The Minute Men were in the Third Virginia Regiment. The following 

regimental officers were from Culpeper. 

Colonel William Nalle. Charles J. Rixey, Jr., Adjutant and Lieut. 

Silas L. ( 'Ooper, Quartermaster and Lieutenant. 

John R. Cooper, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

The Minute Men enlisted in the United States Volunteer army in the Span- 
ish war, but did not do any service at the front. They were mustered out af- 
ter about six months. The following is the roll of the members from Culpep- 
er, Madison and Rappahannock, the ranks of the company being tilled by men 
from other parts of the state. 

Thomas E. Grimsley, Captain^ 
S. A. Shadrach, 1st. Lieutenant. Frederick P. Hudgins, 2nd. Lieutenant. 

Robert H. Howard, 1st. Sergeant. J. Williams Jones, 2nd. Sergeant. 
Henry O'B. Coopi3r, 3rd. Sergeant. Charles E. Mosby, 4th. Sergeant. 


Reuben N. Howard. Charles E. Kilby. 

John A. Croisant. John E. Dennis. 

Benjamin F. Estes. James H. Filling. 

WilUam G Johnson, Wagoner. Franklin K. Williams, Artificer. 

Nelson Abel, Charles E. Atkins, Peyton Anderson, Otis Burgandine, James 
E. Brown, Ernest L. Bibb, Eugene Bowen, Alden A. Bell, Frank Barham, 
Samuel T. Byram, Roscoe C. Bruce, John W. Broy, Luther Brown, Charles L. 

Curtis, Richard H, Dennis, Charles F. Davis, Eppa Deal, WiUlam. T. Edwards, 
Francisco C. Blkins, dead; Joseph T. Foltz, John H. Finks, James B. Freeman, 
Thomas H. Freeman, John W. Green, Herbert R. Griffith, died; Egbert B. 
Hudson, Bailey Hawkins, Joseph C. Hawley, A. B. Hawley, Paul Hansbrough, 
Ernest Hansbrouj?h, Charles F. Johnson, Joseph Johnson, John W. Jefferson, 
William Jefferson, William W. Kilby, William S. Kinjr, Rufus LiUard, Charles 
E. LiUard, Frank R. Lucas, Beujamm M. Marshall, William L. McFarland, 
Thomas II. Miller, William T. Nichols, Isaac B. Nicholson, Beverley Peter, 
John M. Patton, George W. Roach, James A. Roach, Frederick K. Sprinkel, 
Gustavus B. Sullivan, William W. Settle, David P. Stallard, John M. Stone, 
Edgar Spicer, died; William Tipton. Richard P. Thrall, Lawrence H. Thrall, 
Jame» C. Williams, George W. Yates. 



It is not the intention of the publishers to give a complete history of Cul- 
peper in the Civil War. An effort is made to give only the names c^od records 
of those men who enlisted on the side of the Confederacy. 


This company was Company D. Fourth Virginia Cavalry, Stuart^s Brigade, 
Fitz Lee's Division. 

Captain Robert E. Utterback after first Battle of Manassas, was promoted 
to Major. Died after the war. 

Captain William A. Hill. George T. Freeman, 1st Lieutenant badly 

wounded at Statesville, dead. 

Wilkins (!^oons 2nd Lieutenant, died, O. M. Coi^in 2nd. Lieutenant 

wounded at Aldie, dead, 

A. C. Jenaings 3rd. Lieutenant, died, St. Pierre Gibson 3rd. Lieuten- 

ant killed at Westminster, 

John A. Holtzman 3rd. Lieutenant wounded at Nancy^s Shop, 

George A. Sudduth, Orderly Sergeant, George D. Coons, Ist. Sergeant 

wounded at Kellyville, dead, 

JohnW. 15ell, 2nd. Sergeant, W. H. Cole, 3rd. Sergeant, killed at 

Fisher's Hill, 

A. L. Stallard, 4th. Sergeant, George W. Shaw, 1st. Corporal, wound- 

ed at Spottsylvania Court House, died, 

Gideon Me Donald, 2nd. Corporal, wounded at Five Forks, died, 8. M. 

Newhouse, 3r(l. Corporal, 

Dennis Kelley, 4tli. Corporal, badly wounded at Spottsylvania C. H, 

Privates— Amiss W. L., Amiss S. Y., Armstrong A. J., Adam John G., Adam 
Willie, Allen W. H., Ball Daniel F., Bugler, Browning W. L., Bywaters John 
E., Bywaters Addison, Bywaten* Smith, taken prisoner and died^ Bywaters R. 


P. dead; Bray Alpheus, Cannon W. G. d^ad; Cannon John H. dead; Colviji' W. 
D., Corbin Joseph R., Corbin Thomas J., Corbin Sylvester, dead; Coybin W. 
B., Corbin A. F. wounded at Spottsylvania, C. H., Corbin James, dead; Cough- 
try I. R. wounded, dead; Coons G. H. dead; Cooper Richard, dead; Compton 
John C, Crigler W. G., Chilton S. B., Doyle William, dead; Doyle James, bad- 
ly wounded at Brandy; Doores Fred, Dulin James, badly wounded at States- 
ville; Dulin Edwin killed at Spottsylvania Court House; Doggett M. J., killed 
by lightning after the war; Embrey Fred horse killed under him by a cannon 
ball; Embrey Silas, EUy Thomas N., dead; Edwards I. F. dead; Freeman W, 
H., Ficklen Joseph, Field Charles Daniel, Hackley Joseph H., Hoffman F. E., 
Hoffman John, died; Hill Henry, dead; Hume Westley, Hobson Matthew, Jef- 
fries Octavus, Jeflfries Hill, Jeffries Marion, Jeffries George, Kilby James P., 
Kilby Walter, Kines Jack, died; Kines Thomas, Loyd A. W., deserted; Lut- 
trell R. Thomas, died; Luttrell B. E , Luttrell M. C, wounded at Spottsylvania 
Court House, dead; Luttrell R D. wounded at States ville; Lake IsaacN., Lyon, 
on John W. dead; Lawler Montgomery, Lear James, Lear William, killed in 
the valley; Newman Alex, McDonald W. M., McDonald James, McDonald John 
wounded at Spottsylvania Court House; McDonald L H., McDonald Coleman, 
died, McDonald B. W., Myers George A. horse killed under him by a cannon 
ball; Myers John W., dead; Myers James, Miller George B., McCormick A. W. 
MeCormick J. T., McVeigh Harvey, Payne C. B., Payne Benjamin, dead; 
Parr A. W., killed at the White House; Pearson L C, wounded and died; Perry 
O. P., Ross James P., Roborson Walter S., dead; Roberts Joseph, dead; 
IMvercomb John killed in the valley; Smith W. E., Smith John, had a horse 
killed under him by a shell; Smith James, Stallard Joseph H., dead; Stallard 
James, dead; Stallard M irc.ellus. Settle B. F., killed at the White House; Sil- 
vey Joseph H., dead; S(^ott W. H., Stuirt B. P., Stuart W. B., Spindle J. M., 
Shaw Richard killed at Statesville; Taylor Daniel, Triplett G. S. P., Wood P., 
dead; Wood W. W., Wood Lewis L., dead; Wayman James W., Way man John 
J., Wrenn P. M., Wooiyard M. D., badly wounded at Statesville; Yates Benj., 
Yates Booten, badly wounded and died, Yates A. J., dead. 

Explanation. — The word dead denotes those who have died since the war. 
The word died those who died during the war. A star could have been used 
against those who displayed great courage, a good and brave soldier, but it 
would have required discrimination 


Captain, J. C. Porter, promoted colonel. 

First Lieutenant, James W. Green, promoted major and C. S. 

Second Lieutenant, John R. Strother, promoted captain; discharged 1862; 
joined Mosby's command. 

Third Lieutenant, Daniel Brown, discharged 1862. 
First Sergeant, Philip Ashby, promoted captain; wounded '62 at Williamsburg. 
Sergeant, William Apperson, killed 1862 at Praziers Farm* 
Sergeant, W. D. Brown, promoted lieutenant; resigned 1862. 
Corporal, William H. Strother, promoted sergeant; died 1862 of fever. 
Corporal, J. W. Carter. Corporal, John Heaton. 

Ashby, Dr. John W., promoted surgeon; died 1867 in Mississippi. 
Apperson, William, promoted corporal; killed in seven days fight at Richmond. 
Barbour, Dr. Edwin, killed May 5th, 1864, at Wilderness. 

Byron, Charles, promoted sergeant; wounded '62 at second Manassas; died '63. 
Bolen, Ed., killed 1862 at Fraziers Farm. 

Bashaw, John, promoted second sergeant; wounded June 30, 1862, at Frazier's 
farm; July 8, 1863, at Gettysburg; May 16, 1864, at Drewry's Bluff; captured 

April 1, 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout. 

Battle, Richard, killed 1801 near Upton Hill. 

Battle, Benjamin, accidentally killed August, 1861. 

Bowers, R. A., promoted ensign; discharged August, 1862. 

Bowers, Robert. 

Beckham, A. Camp, cadet Virginia Military Institute; promoted captain; 
wounded September 11, 1862, at Sharpsburg; lost a leg; died June, 1883. 

Beckham, Dr. H. C, promoted lieutenant Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry, then 

Bickers, John, discharged 1862. 

Burk, Frauk, wounded 1861 at Upton Hill. 

Brown, AVilliam H. 

Brown, William D., promoted lieutenant; captured and held at Fort Warren; 
died 1881. 

Burruss, John. Barber, Ed. 

Colvin, Gabriel, wounded July 21, 1S61, at first Manassas; died September fol- 

Crutchfield, Peter. 

Creel, J. W., captured 1863 in James City county; held at Washington. 

Davis, W. A., wounded June 30, 1862, at Fraziers farm; killed June 17, 1864, at 
Howlett House. 

Davis, Thomas, killed July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

England, Robert, enlisted 1863; killed May, 1864, at Milford Station. 

Eggborn, William H. Fox, George. 

Fox, Thomas F., captured April 1, 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout. 

Feeley, , discharged 1862. 

Fouchee, David, wounded June 30, 1862, at Frazier's farm; killed July 3, 1863, 
at Gettysburg. 

Fouchee, Daniel M., killed July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

Gaines, John, captured 1864 at Milford; held at Point Lookout. 

Garnett, Joseph, discharged 1861. Hull, John. 

Hull, Charles \V., died at Lynchburg Hospital 1862. 

Hacklea, , wounded 1862 at Williamsburg. 

Heisel, John, killed 1862 at Frazier's farm. 

Hill, W. H., promoted first corporal; killed July 3, 186% at Gettysburg. 

Hume, B. W., captured April 5, 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout. 

Jenkins, Fountain, captujred 1864 at Milford; held at Point Lookout. 

Jenkins, Frank, captured 1864 at Milford, held at Point Lookout. 

Kilby, Amos. 

Kahl, William, enlisted 1862; wounded December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg; 
never heard of since. 

Lewis, William Wallace, promoted hospital steward. 

Malton, James, died November 15, 1863. 

Melton, James. Melton, Robert. 

Milton, James, killed. Mathews, Joseph. 

Mitchell, Henry, killed August 31, 1862, at Manassas. 

Narr, Henry. Oden, Alexander. 

Pennell, Jerry, promoted second lieutenant; killed May 5, '62, at Williamsburg. 

Parker, Horace H. (served in the Mexican war; detailed as engineer), died Aug- 
ust 29, 1870. 

Perry, George P., discharged September, 1862. 

Perry, George, transferred to another company 1861. 

Payne, Charles. 


Petty, William C, enlisted February, 1864. 

Bowles, Dr. B. T., captured near Richmond; held at Point Lookout. 

Reed, Richard. 

Read, R. S., captured at Prazier's Farm June 30, 1862; held at Fort Delaware 
and Governor's Island; wounded April 1, 1865, at Five Forks. 

Shadrick, Abram, mortally wounded 1863 at Gettysburg. 

Smith, Phil. D., wounded in arm at first Manassas. 

Smith, George, promoted lieutenant; wounded and captured 1863 at Gettys- 
burg ; held at Johnson's Island. 

Smith, . 

Somerville, Robert B., killed 1863 at Gettysburg. 

Shotwell, John T., promoted corporal ; killed June 30, 1862, at Frazier's Farm. 

Shotwell, William, promoted hospital steward. 

Smith, W. C, promoted sergeant. 

Simms, A. Broaddus, killed May, 1864, at Milford. 

Simms, T., promoted sergeant; killed in seven days fight at Richmond. 

Towles, Joseph, Turner, Frank. 

Turner, B. F., died March, 1884. 

Wilkes, John W., wounded at second Manassas. 

Winston, Arthur, captured 1864 at Milford; held at Point Lookout. 

Winston, A. W. 

Willis, A. G., promoted sergeant; captured May, 1864 at Milford Station; held 
at Point Lookout: 

Willis, Lewis, killed June 30, 1862, at Frazier's Farm. 

Yowell, Thomas O., promoted sergeant; captured at Hanover Junction and 
Five Forks; held Point Lookout. 


Beckham, H. C , Heutenant; promoted captain and assistant surgeon. 

Brown, Daniel T., wounded July 3, 186>», at Gettysburg. 

Brown, Thornton S., captured at Gettysburg July 3, 18o3; held at Fort Dela- 
w^are and Point Lookout eight months. 

Byram, Charles, killed 1862. Byram, James M. 

Eggborn, William H., November, 1861, detailed as courier for General John- 
ston; March, 1862, detailed as chief wagon master for Major Alfred Bar- 
bour, then chief quartermaster for General Johnston's army; June, 1863, 
transferred to General Johnston's headquarters. 

Hitt, George H. 

Jones, George H., promoted sergeant; wounded July 21, 1861, at Manassas; 
captured June 31, 1862, at Frazier's Farm; held at Fort Delaware one month. 

Legg, Alexander F , promoted sergeant; killed 1863 at Gettysburg. 

Legg, John T., promoted sergeant; wounded at first Manassas, Fredericksburg 

and Drury's Bluff; captured June, 1862, at Chafiin's Farm, near Richmond; 

held at 'Fort Delaware. 
Norman, Joseph T , wounded January 1, 1862, at Seven Pines 

Smith, James K. P. Tansill, James G., promoted captain. 


Captain, William T. Patton, promoted colonel of 7th Virginia Infantry; killed 
July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

Apperson, W. C. transferred to Co. F. 6th Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Apperson, Richard, enlisted 1862; killed at Petersburg, 1862. 

Beckham, J. T., promoted lieutenant; wounded at Hatcher's Run three times, 
in legs and arms. 


Brown, Edward W., enlisted May, 1865. 

Collins, J. H., captured April 1, 1865, at Richmond; held at Washinj^n. 

Collins, L. F., captured 1865 in Augusta county; held at Fort Delaware. 

Colvin, W. D., enlisted March 2, 1862; promoted serjjeant; captured at Gettys- 
burg; held at Fort Delaware and Point Lookout. 

Creel, Benjamin P., enlisted March, 1862. 

Crittenden, C. T., first lieutenant; promoted captain, major and lieutenant- 
colonel; wounded three times at Cold Harbor, May 31 1862, May 3, 1864, 
and June 3, 1864, 

Farish, B. B., transferred March, 1862, to Co. E, 9th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz 
Lee's Division, W. H. Lee's Brigade. 

Oaines, James W., captured at Petersburg at the mine explosion. 

Hudson, Champ D., enlisted September, 1864; killed February 6, 1865. 

Hudson, Joel A., enlisted March, 1862; wounded September 19, 1864, at Win- 
chester; April 1 , 18^5, in the trenches on the Appomattox river; captured 
April 3, 1865, at Richmond; held at Point Lookout; released July 3, 1865. 

Hudson, N. D., enlisted March, 1862; wounded June 2, 1864, at Cold Harbor. 

Hudson, Thomas J. 

Jameson, W. C, captured 1862 at Culpeper; detailed as clerk in enrolling de- 

Jones, Charles S., transferred 1862 to Co. H, 6th Virginia Cavalry. 
Jones, John 0., enlisted April, 1862; wounded June, 1864, at Richmond; wound- 
ed and captured September 19, 1864, at Winchester; held at Point Lookout. 
Judd, William, wounded May 31, 1862, at Seven Pines; die& from the eflfects. 

Kilby, Andrew T., enlisted March, 1862; wounded September 19, 1864, at Win- 

Kilby, Anslem M., enlisted April, 1865; captured April, 1865, at Petersburg?; 

held at Point Lookout. 

Kilby, Maroellus, promoted corporal; killed July, 1863, at Lpuisa C. H. 

Kirby, William H., enlisted 1864; wounded February 6, 1865, at Hatcher's Run. 

Lewis, John E., discharged October, 1861; appointed to post at Culpeper C. H. 

known as Culpeper Guards; served till close of war; wounded July, 1861, at 
Baily's Cross Roads. 
Lewis, John M., killed April 2, 1865, at Petersburg. 

Massey, J. P. B., enlisted April 28, 1862; promoted fourth corporal. 

Nalle, W. C, detailed by Confederate States Congress as miller. 

Pendleton, H. C, enlisted April 1, 1861; Co. B, 13th Virginia Infantry, Jack- 
son's Brigade, Johnston's Division; transferred gunner in Stnrtevant's Bat- 
talion; wounded November 12, 1862, at Petersburg. 

Ross, T. W., promoted sergeant; captured October 19, 1864, at Fisher's Hill; 

held at Point Lookout; wounded at Spottsvlvania C. H ; died October 30, 
Ross, Z. T., promoted captain; captured October 19, 1864, at Fisher's Hill; held 

at Fort Delaware; died February 28, 1884, In San Jacinto county, Texas. 

Rowles, George W., enlisted May, 1863. 

Scott, William H., captured February 14, 1864, in Culpeper county, while on 
detached duty; held at Fort Delaware till October 9, 1864; March 1863, 
joined Co, D, 4th Virginia Cavalry, known as ""Little Fork Rangers;" re- 
turned to army January, 1865. 

Smith, John Martin, enlisted April, 1862; wounded at Seven Pines and Cold 

Tapp, James R., wounded 1863 at Chancellorsville; detailed 1834 as courier to 

General R. E. Lee. 

Wise, T. I., promoted corporal; captured and held at Point Lookout eighteen 


Amiss, Carroll., enlisted 1862, at Culpeper; Captain Utterback^s Company Ar- 
tillery; served over two years; killed July 2, 1864, at Petersburg. 

Apperson, G. F., enlisted 1863; Co. P, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; served till close of war in ordnance department. 

Banks, 8. N., enlisted 1861, Co. D, 13th Virginia Infantry, Kemper^s Brigade, 
Pickett's Division; discharged and re-enlisted 1862 in Htuart's Horse Artil- 
ery; wounded 1863 at Gettysburg; captured 1865 in North Carolina; held in 

Battle, James Robert, enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. C, 18th Virginia Infantry, 
Pegram's Brigade, Early's Division; lost one eye at Petersburg. 

Beckham, J. G., enlisted 1863; Mosby's Battalion; promoted lieutenant. 

Beckham, J. M., enlisted 1861; Co. E, Wheat's Battalion, Taylor's Brigade, 
Bwell's Division; cadet Military Institute; promoted lieutenant. 

Beckham, W. A., assigned to quartermaster's department under A. M. Barbour. 

Berlin, Banford W., enlisted March 17, 1862, in Alexander's Battery at Fort 
Spottswood; served till May 2, 1862; then temporarily attached to the 5th 
Alabama Battalion; transferred June 26, 1862, Co. M, 55th Virginia Infan- 
try, Walker's Brigade, Hill's Division; May 6, 1864, captured in the two 
days fight at Wilderness; held at Point Lookout till August 10, 1864; trans- 
ferred to EUmira, New York; released July 1, 1865. 

Borst, John B., enlisted March, 1861: Co. K, 10th Virginia Infantry, Stuart's 
Brigade, Jackson's old Division; promoted regimental commissary. 

Bowers, S. Carson, enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 4th Virginia Infantry, Stone- 
wall Brigade; promoted captain. 

Bowman, William B., enlisted September, 1864; Co. H, 10th Virginia Infantry, 
Terry's Brigade, Gordon's Division; captured April 6, 1865, near Appomat- 
tox; held at Point Lookout four months. 

Bradford, H. d, enlisted April 18, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; captured 1864 at Culpeper; held at Old Capi- 
tol and Point Lookout. 

Bragg, P. E., enlisted April 1, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia tlavalry, Jones' Brigade, 
Fitz Lee's Division; discharged October 15, 1861. 

Brown, A. Hill, enlisted 1862; quartermaster's department. 

Brown, Daniel, enlisted 1862; Moaby's command Cavalry; captured 1863 in Fau- 
quier county; held at Fort Delaware. 

Brown, George W., enlisted May 1, 1861; Co. F, 21st Virginia Infantry, Jones' 
Brigade, Johnston's Division; wounded May 5, 1864; died May 12, 1864. 

Brown, James R., enlisted February, 1862. Co. F, 21st Virginia Infantry, Ew- 
ell's Brigade, Johnston's Division. 

Brown, Joseph D., enlisted September, 1864; Co. F, Mosby's command; detail- 
ed to supply the army with provisions, 1862; died November 27, 1879. 

Brown W. H., enlisted April 30, 1861, Co. B, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; promoted second sergeant; wounded July 3, 
1863, at Gettysburg. 

Burdett, James B., enlisted October, 1864; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Pick- 
ett's Division. 

Burke, George F., enlisted 1862; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Bri- 
gade, Stuart's Division; wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; captured at 
Cold Harbor; held at Point Lookout and died there. 

Burke, James E. enlisted January 1, 1863; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Jones', 
Lomax's, Poague's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division 


Burke, James Elias, enlisted July 15, 1861; Co. K, 49th Virginia Infantry, Ear- 
ly's Brigade, EwelPs Division; promoted orderly sergeant; wounded July, 
1863, at Gettysburg; captured March 25, 1865, at Petersburg; held at Point 
Lookout; released June 23, 1865. 

Burke, J. H., enlisted February 14, 1862; Co. B. 6th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz 
Lee's Brigade, Stuart's Division. 

Burke, John M., enlisted 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' Brigade, 
Hampton's Division; killed at Spotsylvania C. H. 

Burke, M. N., enlisted October, 1864; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Lomax's 
Brigade, Stuart's Division; wounded 1864 at Front Royal. 

Burnley, Charles T., enlisted 1862; 2d Richmond Howitzer Artillery. 

Burrows, H. C, enlisted April 16, 1861; Co. E, 1st Virginia Artillery; first ser- 
geant; wounded July 18, 1861, at Blackburn's Ford; captured at Gettysburg, 
July 3, 1863; held at Fort Delaware and Point Lookout. 

Burton, Arthur W., enlisted November. 1H62; Co. L, 10th Virginia Infantry, 
Jackson's Brigade, Jackson's Division; wounded at second Manassas, Au- 
gust 27, 1862; at Chancellorsville May 2, '62; at Mine Run November 30, '63. 

Bushong Isaac A., enlisted July, 1861; Co. H, 52d Virginia Infantry, Johnston's 
Brigade; second lieutenant; discharged May, 1862. 

Carrico, William H., enlisted March, 1862; Pelham's Artillery, Fitz Lee's Divis- 

Chadduck, John M., enlisted 1861, at Culpeper; Co. G, 12th Virginia Cavalry; 
wounded 1864 at Charles City; service four years. 

Christian, John T., enlisted July, 1861; Co. E, 1st Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Collins, E. B., enlisted 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; captured 1865 at Appomattox; held at Point Lookout; 

Cooper, Alexander H., enlisted April, 1861; Co. I, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Lo- 
max's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Coppage, William, enlisted May, 1861; Co. C. 4th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's 
Brigade, Stuart's Division. 

Corbin, Joseph R., 4th Cavalry. 

Corbin, Lemuel A., enlisted 1864; Co. C, Mosby's Command Cavalry; wounded 
1864 at Berry ville. 

Covington, Robert C, enlisted July 16, 1861; served in hospital department at 
Culpeper C. H., Virginia; afterwards acted as wagon master of the 7th 
Georgia till 1862, when discharged. 

Covington, Thomas H., M. D., detailed as physician at home; captured Janu- 
ary, 1H64, in Culpeper county; held at Point Lookout. 

Covington, Thomas R., enlisted April, 1862; Co. F, 0th Virginia Cavalry, 
Beale's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded December, 1864, near Ream- 
e's Station. 

Creel, Mathew, enlisted 1861, in the Valley of Virginia; 52d Virginia Infantry, 
Early's Brigade, E well's Division; killed August 27, '62 at second Manassas. 

Cunningham, John M., enlisted September, 1861; 1st Virginia Artillery, Jack- 
son's Division; first lieutenant; promoted captain, captured at home 1863; 
held at Fort Warren. 

Curtis, T. O., enlisted April 10, 1861; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantry, Walker's 
Brigade, Early's Division; promoted first sergeant; wounded JuneG, 1862, 
at Cross Keys; December 13, 1862;, at Fredericksburg; May 19, 1864, at SiK)t- 
sylvania C. H.; captured March 28, 1865, at Petersburg; held at Point 

Daniel, Samuel A., enlisted March 16, 1862; Purcell's Artillery, Hill's Division. 


'avis, A., enlisted 1863; Co F, Mosby^s command; captured July 1863, at Fallfl 
Church; held at' Did Capitol; Washington, D. C, two months. 

oggett, Basil, enlisted May, 1861; Co. A— Infantry, Kemper^s Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; wounded at Fredericksburg and Gettysburg: captured 
March, 1865, at Richmond; held at Point Lookout. 

•o^srett, James, enlisted June 1861; Horse Artillery, Fitz Lee's Division. 

bogorett. Meredith J., enlisted May 1861; Co. A, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; died August, 1880. 

►oran, Francis B., enlisted April, 1862; Co E, 7th Virginia Cavalry; wounded 
May 5, 1864, at Wilderness. 

►oran, John E , enlisted 1861; Co. A, 11th Virginia Cavalry, Garnett's Brigade, 
Jackson's Division; captured in Loudoun county, Virginia; held at Fort 
Delaware; killed. 

►oolin, James A., Co. E, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Kemper's Brigade, E well's Di- 

Duncan, R. R., enlisted August, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry; promoted 
lieutenant and captain; wounded 1862 at second Manassas; 1864 at Trevil- 
lian's and in the Valley; captured '64 in the Valley; held at Fort Delaware. 

►uncan, V. F., enlisted 1861; Co. B. 6th Virginia Cavalry, killed May 23, 1862, 
at Cedarville. 

Imbrey, L. J., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, ath Virginia Cavalry, Beale's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

last ham, Philip A., enlisted September, 1861; Co. B, 7th Virginia Cavalry; 
Jones' and Rosser's Brigade, Jackson's Division; first lieutenant. 

'arish, G. G., enlisted September, 1864; Co, E, 9th Virginia Cavalry, W. H. 
Lee's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

'arish, Robert T., enlisted in Co. E, 9th Virginia Cavalry; W. H. Lee's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; killed September, 1863, in Culpeper county near 
Cedar Mountain while scouting for General Stuart. 

'ant, John S., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. H, 4th Virgin^ Cavalry, Wickham's 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Winchester September 19, 1S63. 

inks, H. W., enlisted December 1. 1S62; Co. L, 10th Virginia Cavalry, Walk- 
er's Brigade, E well's Division; promoted iirst sergeant; wounded June 17, 

1863, at Winchester; captured May 19, 1861, at Spotsylvania C. H., held at 
Fort Delaware, 
'oster, Warrington D., enlisted August, 1863, Co. A, 39th Battalion Cavalry, 

Lee's body-guard; captured November 29, 1863 at Mine Run; held twelve 

months at Point Lookout. 

•oster, McKidru F., enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 6th Virginia Cavalry; '63 trans- 
ferred to General Lee's body-guard. 

'ouchee, Frank R., enlisted June 1, 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Terry's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April, 7, 1865, at Farmville. 

'owles, G. R., enlisted 18 J3; 17th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; killed May 16, 1864, at Drury's BluiT. 

'ox, Henry, enlisted May, 1861; Co. F 21st Virginia Infantry, Jones' Brigade, 
Johnston's Division; killed at Petersburg. 

'ray, William H., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April 6, 1865, at Sailor's Creek; held 
at Point Lookout. 

J'reeman, George, enlisted 1861; Pelham's Battalion Horse Artillery; participat- 
ed in all the battles of his command; captured May, 1862; held at Point 

freeman, J. G., enlisted April, 1861; Deering's Artillery, E well's Brigade, 

Longstreet's Division; promoted commissary sergeant. 


iVeeman, William T., enlisted February, 1863, DeeringV Artillery, E well's Bri- 
gade, Longstreet'8 Division; captured near Richmond; exchanged in a few 
days; died 1872. 

Gaines, B. F., enlisted March 14, 1862; Co. L, 1st Virginia Reserves Aryilery; 
captured July 8, 1^^, at Gettysburg; was carried about two miles, and 
dodged the Federals by jumping behind an old shop and escaped. 

Gaines, Henry L., enlisted April, 1862; 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; killed at Williamburg, near Richmond. 

Gaines, Reuben M., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. L, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division; killed at first Manassas July 21, 1861. 

Garnett, John K., enlisted August, 1868; Co. C, 39th Virginia Battalion. 

Gibson, Daniel W., enlisted January 1862; Crenshaw's Comp»any, Pegram's 
Battalion Artillery; captured at Five Forks; held at Point Iiookout two 

Gibson, John W., enlisted January, 1862; Crenshaw's Company, Pegram's Bat- 
talion Artillery. 

Gibson, Thomas C, enlisted March, 1801; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantry, Early's 
Brigade, E well's Division; re-enlisted at Richmond, Virginia, 1862, in Cren- 
shaw's Company, Pegram's Battalion Artillery. 

Gordon, Albert S., enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 18th Virginia Infantry; was 
afterwards in Jackson's Brigade; discharged August, 1861. 

Godfrey, Alexander, enlisted April, 1862; Co. A, 18th Virginia Cavalry, Imbo- 
den's Brigade. 

Goodwin, James H., enlisted 1804, after the burning of the Military Institute; 
Ihfantry, Breckenridge's Division; wounded at Maryland Heights. 

Grimsley, Daniel A., enlisted April 17, 1861; Go. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry; 
Payne's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; promoted major. 

Hackley, William, enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 2d Virginia Infantry, Stonewall 
Brigade; battles, four; service two years; discharged 1863. 

Hale, Daniel W., enlisted June, 1861; Co. C, ir)th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's 
Brigade; E well's Division; wounded at Gaines' Mill, Hatcher's Run, and 
February, 1805, at Fisher's Hill. 

Hall, F. S., enlisted June, 1861, first under Captain Nolan in D. H. Hill's Ar- 
tillery and under Captain Braxton in A. P. Hill's Artillery; promoted as- 
sistant surgeon in Pegram's Battalion. 

Holliday, W. D., enlisted April, 21, 1862; Co. A, 18th Virginia Infantry, Early's 
Brigade, Ewell's Division; wounded June 8, 1862, at Cross Keys in arm; 
September 1, 1862, at Ox Hill, in thigh; May 12,1804 at Spotsylvania, lostao 
arm; discharged December 7, 1864. 

Hatcher, Mahlon G., enlisted 1861; Co. C. 17th Virginia Infantry, Corse's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; promoted color sergeant; wounded May 5, 1862, at 
Williamsburg; captured 1802 in Loudoun county; escaped. Dead 

Hawkins, Benjamin F., enlisted 1803; Co. B, 7th Virginia Infantry,. Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; conscript officer, serving as such until Decem- 
ber I, 1864, when he again entered the field service. 

Hawkins, William L., enlisted April, 1862; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Lo- 
max's Brigade, Stuart's Division; wounded at the time of General Stuart's 
death, near Richmond. 

Hawley, John A., enlisted March, 1862; Fry's Artillery, Jackson's Corps. 

Hawley, M. R., enlisted April, 1, 1802; 6th Virginia Cavalry, Payne's Brigade, 
Fitz Lee's Division. 

Hiftin, John L., enlisted February, 1834; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantry, Kem 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 


Hill, William H., enlisted April, 1861; Co. C, under Colonel Porter, Pickett's 
Brigade, Longstreet's Division; promoted eorporal; killed at Gettysburg 
July 3, 1863. 

Hitt, Festus, enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Bri- 
gade, Eariy's Division. 

Hitt, Blewford A. enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; died September, 1861, at home in Culpeper 

Hitt, James W., enlisted March 1862; Co. A, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Stuart's Bri- 
gade, captured August 6, 1863, near Brandy Station, held at Point Look- 

Hitt, Martin L., enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; discharged January 4, 1865, on account of dis- 

Hudgins, Albert G., enlisted April 14, 1861; midshipman on the steamer ** Sum- 
ter," Confederate States Navy; promoted lieutenant. 

Hoffman, P. W., enlisted July 1, 1861; Stribbling's Battery, Pickett's Division; 
wounded March 26, and captured April 2, 1865, at Petersburg, held at 
Newport Njews; discharged July, 1865. 

Holliday, John Z., enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 20th Virginia Infantry, Gamett's 
Brigade; re-enlisted in Co. A, 3d Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Brigade, 
Stuart's Division; captured 1861 at Rich Mountain; paroled. 

Holmes, F. Wallace, enlisted April 1861; Co. F, 18th Virginia Infantry; Stone- 
wall Brigade; wounded July 18, 1861, at Manassas; discharged July 18, 1861. 

Hooe, George G., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. G., 4th Vu-ginia Cavalry, Wick- 
ham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; captured several times, always escaped; 
was on general scout duty all through the war. 

Howard, Thomas C, enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. A, Huger's Battalion Artillery, 
Jordan's Battery; promoted sergeant. 

Hudson, Bruce, enlisted 1864; 4th Virginia Cavalry; killed at the Wilderness. 

Hudson, James W., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division ; wounded July 3, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Hudson, Samuel T., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April 3, 1865, at Richmond; held 
at Point Lookout. 

Hudson, Thomas J., enlisted October, 186^; Camp Lee Guards, City Battalion 
at Richmond; served till January, 1865; re-enlisted, Co. B, 13th Virginia In- 

Hoffman, Moses A., enlisted March, 1861; Co. K, 7th Virginia Infantry, Pick- 
ett's Brigade, Kemper's Division. 

Hume, R. K., captured and held at Point Lookout. 

Janney, Ashberry, enlisted October 1861; courier for General Hill. 

Jeffries, Robert S., enlisted 1868; 13th Virginia Infantry; captured 1865; held at 
Point Lookout. 

Kibler, Ferdinand, enlisted April, 1861; Virginia Cavalry, Rosser's Brigade. 

Kiiby, Andrew J., enlisted May 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division, wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

Kilby, H. C, enlisted August, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Hill's, Tay- 
lor's, Kemper's Brigade, Longstreet's Division; wounded and captured at 
Frazier's Farm; held at Fort Delaware. 

Kilby, James P., enlisted March, 1863; 4th Virginia Cavalry. 

Kilby, Joseph M., enlisted 1862;- 6th Virginia Cavalry, Kemper's Brigade; Pick- 
ett's Division; 


Kilby, Thomafi M., enlisted April 18, 1861; Co G, 7th. Virginia Infantry, Kee- 
per *8 Brigade,, Pickett's Division; wounded slightly at Seven Pines, May 
31,1862. '■ 

Lampkin, J. W,, enlisted 1861; Co. B, 38th Battalion Virginia Artillery; cap- 
' tur^d July,^ T863- paroled; wounded July, 6, 1864, at Petersburg. 

Lampkin, Thomas O., enlisted 1861; 13th Virginia Infantry, Walker's Brigade, 
EwelPs Division; discharged on account of disability. 

Leave!, James W., enlisted 1861; Co. K, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; promoted orderly sergeant; wounded August 80, 
1862; at secbrid Maiiassap. 

Leavei; William A., enlisted October, 1861; Co. E, Mosby's Battalion. 

Legg, Ambrose C, enlisted 1863; 21st Virginia Infantry, Johnston's Division; 
' "klite^d at Spotsylvania C.H. ,. 

1j^'^^, James W., enlisted April 1861; Co. C, 13th Virginia Infantry, iPegram'e 
Brigade, Early's Division. ^. 

L^gkV Peytoii E., enlisted Septeinber, 1^62; Co. C. 13th Virginia Infantry, Pe- 
gram's Brigade, Early's 'Division; captured October, 18(54, atCulpeper; held 
at Washington. 

Lewis, Richard, enlisted 1861; Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Tree's Brigade, 
Stuart's Division, captured 1862, near Ashland; held at Fort Delaware; 
' Wounded May 6. 1864, at Wilderness. ....... ;, > . .s 

L^gpf, Alec, enlisted June 1861, Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper!^^i^|g:ade; 
killed at Gettysburg July 3; t§62. [^ .V:. 

L^pfg, John, enlisted November 1^61, Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry;, .wounded; 
served 4 years: ' 

Lee, John, enlisted Co. B. 13 Virginia Infantry, afterwa^rds Stur^evant's Bat- 
tery; served to clbse of war. .' i* . . , 

Lipscomb, Waddy, enlisted 1804; Co. C, 1st Virgiiua Reserves; InJantrj'^ C, 
* Lee's Division. . . - 

Long, J. F., enlisted Januarv, 186.-J; Co. F, 6th Virginia Cavalrv, Fit? Lee's Di- 

MUjor, E^ P., enlisted May 1861; Crane's Company of Wise's Legiohy. promoted 
adjutant; killed May 31, 1862, at Seven Pines. . • 

Major, Langdon C, enlisted 1864; Co. K, Mosby s command. ]...''\ , 

Mkjor, SamiieT, enlisted March 17, lfe63; Sturdevant's fiattery, Cbipnel. Jones' 
12th Virginia Field Artillery, Anderson's corps; participated in the battles 
in and around Richmond. • ^ .' 

Major, W. jr., enlisted May, 1^63; Sturdevanf^s Battery; October 14, 1864, 

wounded by the explosion of the magazitie. 

Marsh, C. W., (Bhlisled September, 1864; Co. F, 2d Virginia Reserves, Walker's 

Massey, John, enlisted April 10^v4661| Co; I; 6th Virginia Oavalry, Payne's Bri'- 

gade, Fitz Lee^s Division; died Deceiriber 18, 1883, in4^exas. 
Jklassey, T. C, enlisted April 1, 1862;«Oo. I, 6th Virginia Cavalry;^ Payne's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division: wounded November 15, 1863, at SteVemsburg, il^d'' 
November 1, 1864, ati Winchester, ' >» i .:.;.. -^ ^ 

Maupin, H. A., enlisted 1862; Cov I, 7th Virginia = Cavalry, Ashby's Brigade, 
liosser's Division. J . . ..,.*. ./; . 

McConchee, William A., enlisted April, 1861;. Co. I, 11th Virginia Infantry, 

Kemper's Bfl^ade;^ promo ted corporal. .. ,,^^^, 

Miller, Henry T, eniisted July, 1861; Co. I, 7tfi' Virginia Cavalry, Ashby's Bri 
gade, Jackson's Division. ! ,. 

Miller, Robert B., enlisted I864;1st Virginia ResefvesVsecpnd lieutenant; captur- 
ed near RichmondVheld a*t' ^brt Delaware. 


Milton, John W., •nlisted 186@, Oo. E, Moflby't Cavalry, transfonM toCa C, 
18th Vivfi^ia Infantry, Pegram't Brigade, PliolEett's DiTision, 

Morgan, WUliam B., enli«ted April 1861; Co. B, 7th Virginia fnfantry, Kern- 
pen's Brigade, Pickett's DiTision. 

Nalle, G. B. W., enlisted October 12, 1868; Co. D. Cadet Corps, Vh^inia Mihta 
ry Institute, Breckinridge's Division; first sergeant. 

Nolan, John, enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. C, 13th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Early's Division; promoted corporal; captured Beptembeir 22, 1864, 
at Fisher's Hill; held at Point Lookout; exchanged in one month. 

O'CaUahan, William, enlisted 1861; Co. K, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Bri 
gade, Early's Division, promoted first sergeant; wounded 1862, at Seven 
Pines; captured 1862, at Sbarpsburg; held at Fort Delaware; servioe four 
years; discharged at close of war. 

Pattie, D. M., enlisted April 1861; Co. K, 17th Virginia Infantry, Pickett's Bri- 
gade, Longstreet's Division; promoted department marshal of Eastern 
Virginia under confiscation a^t. 

Patton, Hugh M., enlisted April 18, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's and 
Cook's Brigade, Pickett's and Heath's Division; promoted fir^t lieutenant; 
wounded at second Manassas. 

Patton, James, enlisted April 18, 1861; Echols' Brigade;- promoted lieutenant; 
wounded at Giles C. H. ; died March 80, 1882. 

Patton, W. T., enlisted April 18, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, 
Pickett's Division; captain; promoted colonel; wounded at second Manas- 
sas; killed at Gettysburg. 

Payne, J. W. enlisted April, 1804; Black Horse Cavalry, Co. D, Stpart's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; served till close of war. 

Payne, Joseph F., enlisted March 9. 1862; Co. H. 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wick- 
ham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded and captured March, 1868, at 
Kellys Ford; held at Washington, D. C, ''Old Capitol building," three 
months; exchanged and returned to company. 

Payne, Robert W., enlisted 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Rosser's Brigade; 
Fitz Lee's Division; wounded 1862, at second Manassas; 1868, at Gettys- 
burg; 1864, at Ream's Station, and four other times. . , 

Pendleton, Edmund, enlisted 1862; Ist Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, 
Picketrs Division; died 1868. 

Peniek, N., enlisted May, 1861; Co. A, 88th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Brigade, 
Johnston's Division; lieutenant; promoted adjutant; served in Infantry till 
autumn 1861; entered artillery service 1862 as captain Co. A, Poague's Bat- 
talion Artillery. 

Pendleton, John R., enlisted June,, 1861; Co. H, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Hanover Junction and Reams' 
Station; captured at Mount Jackson and in Albemarle county; held at 
Fort Delaware seven months. 

Perry, George P., enlisted August, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division. 

Periy, W. G., enlisted April 12, 1862; Co. G. Horse Artillery, Stuart's Briprade, 
Jackson's Division. 

Pierce, J. M., enlisted 1862; Co. D, Gowe's Regiment Arkansas Infantry, Chur- 
chill's Brigade, Hindman's Division; wounded 1S64, at Mansfield. 

Pinkard, A. A., enlisted May 15, 1861:49th Regiment, Pegram's Brigade, Early's 
Division; ensign; killed June 26, 1862; at Mechanicsville. 

Porter, .John J., enlisted September, 1861; Co. F, Mosby's command; promoted 
to Mosby's staff; captured in Culpeper county, October 1^ 1868; held ten 


daysatColpeper.O. Hi;dteehargieNd'at WinoheBter, April 12, tWii *. 
Ratrie, Henry H^^^nliBtedJIareh 10, 1802; Co. K, 4th Viri^kiia CAwmiry^Joaw' 

Brigadey^fiitZbLeiQ-f Division. > ... r 

Rixey, Samuel, enlisted June, 1863; under captain Taylor in oonaeript aenrice 

tin dose of war. 
Robinson, William A., enlisted March, 1862; PuroelVs Battery, Hill'a Brigade, 

Field's DiYiaion. 
Robson, W. T., enlisted September 16, 1863; Co. e, 12th Virnrinia Cavalry; 

wounded 1864 in the Valley. 
Rosson, J. W., enlisted March 1862; Co. 0, 12th Virginia Cavalry^ Rooser's Bri^ 

gade, Fitz Lee^s Division; promoted sergeant. 
Rudasill, F. M., enlisted July 12, 1861; quartermaster department; then Co. G, 

Mosby^s Rangers. 
Soott, J. M., Jr., enlisted April, 1861; Co. F, lOth Virginia Cavalry, Hamptoa'a, 

then Chainberiain^s Brigade, Fitz Lee^s Division; sergeant of color guards; 

slightly wounded at Gettysburg and Brandy Station; captured October U, 

1868, at Brandy Station; held at Old Capitol and Pokkt Lookout 16 monthf. 
Shackelford,' John M., enlisted February, 1869; Co. C,. 4th Virginia Cavalry, 

Wickham^s Brigade, Fitz Lee^s Division; wounded at Five Forks, April 2, 
/ 1865; captured at Bicmond, April 4, 1^65;; held there. 
Shaw, Jackson N., enlisted 1864; Captain Franklin^s; Company, Mosby^s com 

•mand; lost an >eye below Upperville, 1864.' 
Sims, William B., einlisted September 28, 1862;^: Co. A« 4t)i Virginia Cavalry, 

Wickham^s Brigade, Fitz Lee^s Division. :« . . : ! 

daughter, Thomas T., enlisted April, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cai^alry. 
Smith, Early, enlisted August 9^ 1861; Qa L, 10th Virginia Infantry, Ta)iafer- 
■- ^ro^s Brigade^ Jackton^s Division; captured March, 1864, at Hamiltpn, Lou- 
.•- doun county; held. at Fort Delaware. : < ■ \ 

Smith, Elza, enlisted Mayv 1861; assignedto quartermaster department. 
Smith, John W., enlisted August 9, 1861; Co. Xi, 10th Virfi^nia Infantry, Talia 
-Im^o^s Brigade, Jaokson^s Division;. captured April 1, 1860, at Five Forks; 
c V : held at Fjort /Delaware. -j. .■>•.■■■. ■ ., ^ 

Smith, Joseph T., enlisted March , 1863; Co. F, 21st Virginia, Ipfautry, Terry's 
v^r.^iBngadevvJohnston^s Divilftionij. . / « 

Smith, Philip, enlisted May, 1861; Taylor^s Company 7th Virgiqla Infantry, 

: :&eitiper*« B!rigade:,:liongstreet'S Division; killed at the Sevoi^iUays fight 
Smith, Thomas J«, enlisted September, 1862; 21st Virginia .Infantry, Stuart's 

Brigade; feaptured in Culpeper county; held ait Point JUM>kout. 
Somerviile, C. B., enlisted November, 1863; Douglass^ Pontoon Corps. 
Somerville, J. -W.^eiMisted May, 1861; Co. 6, 20th Virgipia Infantry, Pegraii^> 

Brigade, eametit's Division; discharged July, 186U vre-enlisted 1863, 3rd 
<■■ Alabama Be0ment,Rhoades^ Brigade; wounded ate Rich Mountain and 

Boonesboro Gap. 
Somerville, Langdon,! enlisted November, 1863;' Douglass^ Pontoon Corps; died 

April, 1864. * ... 

S6merville,: Walter, enlisted 1862; surgeon at Yorktown; died 1863. 
Somerville, R. B., enlisted May, 1861; Porter's Company,. 7th Virginia Infantry, 

Kemper^s Brigade, Pickett's Division; killed at Gettysburg. 
Sparks, Champ 0,v enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 

Brigafde, Pickett's Division; promoted corporal; wounded May 5, 1862, at 

Williamsburg; wounded and captured July: 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; held 
' at F4^rt Delaware^ and died there October, 1868. 
Sparks, Ro*bert W., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 


per's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 

Spicer, James 8., enlisted April, 1862; Co. E, Pioneer Corps. 
Spicer, James S., promoted quartermaster sergeant. 

Stallard, Randolph R., enlisted 1861; Captain Vanderslier, 49th Virgrinia Infan- 
try; mortally wounded November, 1864, at Spotsylvania C. H. • 

Starke, A. E., enlisted August 9, 1861; Co. I, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's 

Brigade, Early's Division; promoted sergeant; 1863 transferred to Co. K, 

same regiment; October, 1864, wcurded and captured at Cedar Creek, held 

at Point Lookout. 
Stewart, Broaddus, enlisted January, 1863; cavalry; died 1882 in Missouri. 
Stewart, James W., enlisted April 20, 1861; Co. I, 30th Virginia Infanty, Corse's 

Brigade, Pickett's Division; wounded June 26, 1862, at Chickahominy; died 

June 29, 1862. 

Stewart, Joseph, enlisted May, 1861; infantry, Stuart's Brigade, Pickett's Di- 

Stewart, Richard, enlisted May, 1861; cavalry; died 1868. 

Stringfellow, B. W., enlisted May, 1861; Co. 1, 11th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; lieutenant; wounded May 31, 1862, at Seven 

Pines; captured 1862, in Orange county; paroled; captured 1864, at Pe- 
tersburg; held at Old Capitol, Washington. 
Stringfellow, Martin S., enlisted April 16, 1861; Co. A, 13th Virginia Infantry, 
Early's and Pegram's Brigade, E well's and Walker's Divisions; promoted 

first lieutenant; slightly wounded at Chantilly. 
Strotber, George F., enlisted March, 1803; as assistant commissary. 
Strother, Philip W., enlisted April, 1861; Co. F, 13th Virginia Infantry, Early's 

Brigade, Ewell's Division; lieutenant; wounded May 12, 1864, at Spottsylva- 

nia C. H. ; discharged same day. 

Taliaferro, Alex. G., enlisted May, WM; 13th, then 2Hh Virginia Infantry, 
Johnston's Division; promoted captain, lieutenant colonel, colonel, anJ 

brigadier general; wounded at second Manassas. 
Taliaferro, John K., enlisted February, 1863; Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, 
Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Trevilian Depot; cap- 
tured April 1, 18155, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout two months. 
[General Hooker took command of the army, but no advance was made; the 
condition of the army and the long winter were his excuses, but spring opened 
and but one engagement broke the long silence of the lines along the banks of 
the Rappahannock. 

That was on the 17th of March, when a Federal Force of 3,000 crossed the 
river at Kelly's Ford and advanced to within six miles of Culpeper Court 
House, when they were engaged by the brigade of General Fitzhugh Lee. The 
engagement continued some hours, but at last the Federals were driven from 
the field after having inflicted a loss of one hundred upon the Confederates, 
among which was the gallant Pelham, the **boy Major.'*] 

Tansill, G. S., enlisted 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry; sergeant major. 

Tanner, John.W., enlisted March, 1862; Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; wounded June 3, 1862; at Frazier's Farm; dis- 
charged July, 1862. 

Thomas, G. S., enlisted March 13, 1862; Purcell's Battery; Hfll's Division. 
Towles, G. R., enlisted 186 J; 17th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; killed May 16, 1864, at Drury's Bluff. 


Throckmorton, John A., enhsted April, 1881; 6th Virgrinia Cavalry; courier to 
J. E. Johnston; May 1862, promoted major; discharged December 19, 1864. 

Torrent, Lewis C, enlisted 1861; Co. I, 11th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; captured 1862, at Williamsburg; held at Fort 
Delaware; released and discharged 1862. 

Turner, T. H., enlisted 1863; Pelham's Battalion Horse Artillery; participated 
in the principal battles of the command. 

Vaughan, Franklin D., enlisted 1863, Co. E, Mosby's Rangers. 

Vaughan, Henry J., enlisted 1861; teamster; served on hospital duty, and engi- 
neers' corps, Colonel Talcott, Captain Johnson. 

Vaughan, Peter, enlisted July, 1861; quartermaster department, carpentarand 

Wager, James P, enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantry, Kemper'8 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; discharged 1862. 

Waite, C, enlisted April 3, 1861; Co. B, 9th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Divis- 
ion; captain; promoted major; served on General Lee's stafif from May 1, 

1862, till close of the war. 

Walker, Thomas G., enlisted March, 1862; Crenshaw's Company, Pegram's Bat- 
talion Artillery, A. P. Hill's Division; wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettys- 
burg; captured April, 1863, at Louisa C. H.; held at Washington one month; 
captured April 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout three months. 

Wallace, A. Henderson, enlisted October, 1864; Co. C, 30th Virginia Infantry, 
Corse's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 

Wayland, John W., enlisted 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; served two years in quartermaster department. 

Wharton, Stanton, enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, I3th Virginia Infantry, Pe- 
gram's Brigade, Early's Division; wounded at second Manassas; captured 
at Petersburg in 1865; held at Point Loot out four months. 

Wheatley, James G., enlisted April, 1861; 4th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Di- 

Whitlock, Martin, enlisted 1864; Co. I, 6th Virginia Infantry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded 1864, at Manassas. 

Winston, Arthur W., enlisted May, 1861; 7th Vir^^inia Infantry, Kempar's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division. 

Winston, L. D., enlisted April 18, 1861; Culpeper Minute Men, Purcell's Battery 

Hill's Division. 
Wise, John B., enlisted 1862; wounded 1833, at Leesburg; died 187 J, at Shreve- 

port, Louisana, of yellow fever. 
Wise, Louis A., enlisted 1861; Richmond Howitzer Company Artillery. 
Wood, P., enlisted 1863; Co. D, 13th Virginia Infantry. 

Wood, Robert W., enliated June 6, 1861; Co. D, 23rd Virginia Infantry, Talia- 
ferro's Brigade, Jackson's Division; lost all toes by frost; discharged Feb- 
ruary 9, 1862. 
Yancey, Edwin D., enlisted 1861; artillery; promoted lieutenant. 
Yowell, John, enlisted September 1, 1863; Pegram's Battalion Artillery. 
Yowell. William L., enlisted September, 1863; Co. C, 4th Virginia Cavalry, 
Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

On June 26, 1862, General John Pope was appointed to the command of the 
Federal "Army of Virginia." One of his first official acts was to issue a mani- 
festo to the soldiers and officers of this army, directing a series of depredatioDS 
upon the peaceful, noncombatant residents of the country they had invaded, 
authorizing arbitrary arrests, ordering such as should refuse to take the oath 
of allegiance to be "driven from their homes, considered spies, and subjected 


to the extreme n^or of military law." This placin": of the helpless people of 
an invaded country at the mercy of an unbridled and unscrupulous soldiery 
was keenly felt in Culpeper county where Banks, commanding Pope's second 
CDrps, had at this time a strong advance guard stationed South of Culpeper C. 
H., and near Gordonsville, Orange county. 

Pope's object was to obtain possession of Gordonsville, where the Virginia 
Central and Orange & Albemarle railroads intersect, and destroy communica- 
tion between the Confederate capital and the Shenandoah Valley. To effect 
this, Banks ordered a brigade of Infantry to Culpeper C. H., July 14th, while 
this cavalry, under General Hatch, advanced to seize Gordonsville. But Gen- 
eral Lee's superior strategy had enabled him to comprehend the purpose of the 
advance through Culpeper, and although the whole army of the Potomac 
menaced him before Richmond, he had not hesitated to dispatch to Gordons- 
ville, on the 18th, his most trusted lie?a tenant. "Stonewall'' Jackson, at the 
head of his own and Ewell's divisions. 

Hatch fell back only too quickly from Gordonsville on finding an army of 
15,000 men where he had looked to overawe non-fighting citizens. Until re-in- 
foreed, the Federals in Culpeper largely outnumbeiing his force, Jackson held 
Gordonsville, warily watching the gathering of the enemy before him. July 
26th A. P. Hill's division joined him, and he del ermined to offer battle. **Hav- 
ing recieved information," says Jrtckson's official report **that only a part of 
Pope's army was at Culpeper C. H.," [Its numerical force outnumbering his 
force even then] **and hoping, through the blessing of Providence, to be able 
to defeat it before reinforcements should arrive there, Ewell's, Hill's and Jack- 
son's divisions were moved on the 6th in the direction of the enemy from their 
respective encampments near Gordonsville. * * * On the 9th, as we arrived 
within about eight miles of Culpeper C. H., we found the enemy on our front, 
near Cedar Ran, a short distance west and north of Slaughter [Cedar] moun- 


Jackson was not the general to hesitate in the face of overwhelming odds, 
and he promptly offered battle. Ewell's division was oidered forward on his 
right, Timble's and Hay's brigade on the northern slope of Cedar mountain, 
Early's brigade on the Culpeper road; Jackson's division commanded by Gen- 
eral Winder, was on the left; Campbell's brigade commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Gp-rnet, the brigade of General W. B. Taliaferro, and the famous 
*'Stonewall" brigade in reserve. Hill's division was in reserve. The Federals 
were drawn up in strong position on a plateau just beyond Cedar Run, the ar- 
tillery in front of the infantry, the cavalry on the flanks. Crawford's brigade 
of Williams' division (Federal) was the extreme right of Banks' line of battle, 
Geary's, Prince's and Greene's Brigade of Augur's and Bayard's divisions con- 
fronting Ewell's division, and Gordon's brigade formed the Federal reserve. 

The artillery opened the battle about noon, and until 3 p. m. kept up a con- 
stant fire. General Winder was killed about 8:30 p. m., while directing the 
fire of some batteries. At 3 p m. Banks ordered forward his whole line. The 
First Virginia Battalion was struck at great disadvantage, and the Forty-Sec- 
ond, ordered to change front and meet a fiank attack, lost its commanding of- 
ficer, Major Layne. The Confederate forces met the attack with heroic obsti- 
nacy; Colonel Garnet was wounded, Lieutenant-Colonel Cunningham, of the 
Twenty-First Virginia was killed; the 12th Georgia held their ground, though 
attacked in front and rear. Jackson then ordered up the brigades of Branch, 
Archer and Pender— Hill's division. The Federals fell back across a wheat 
field and endeavored to form another line of battle, and Banks ordered Gordon's 


reserve into action. The fresh Confederate brigades flung themselves into ac- 
tion with an order against which the demoralized Federals could make no 
stand, and in another hour they were* driven from the field, leaving the narrow 
valley where the infantry fought covered with their dead. One Massachusetts 
regiment (Second Infantry) had thirty-five percent, of the men engaged killed. 
The battle had been short, sharp and sanguinary. Jackson's official re- 
port shows: 223 killed, 1,060 wounded, 31 missing. He captured 400 prisoners, 
three stand of colors, and 5,302 small arms. The Federal loss was 1,661 killed 
and wounded, 723 missing; total 2,303. After a day spent in burying the dead, 
Jackson fell back toward Gordonsville, satisfied there would be no further ef- 
fort to mass troops in that direction. He had won what the northern news- 
papers were pleased to term ''a tactical victory," and it was not the first "tac- 
tical" defeat Banks had met at his hands. This battle of Cedar Run is also 
variously called: Cedar Mountain, Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain, 
and Mitchell's Station 

August 12th Longstreet, with his division and two brigades under General 
Hood, Stuart's cavalry, and the brigade from the James under R. H Anderson, 
were ordered to Gordonsville, whicli force, combined with Jackson's, Lee in- 
tended should give battle to Pope's "Army of Virginia," now in force beyond 
the Rapidan For once, comprehending the Confederate purpose, Pope hasti- 
ly retreated across the Rappahannock, and Culpeper county was relieved of 
the presence of his hated troops 

In the early months of 1863, General Lee initiated the movements prepara- 
tory to the invasion of Pennsylvania, and the troops for the campaign were 
marshalled on the Culpeper plain. Stuart, his war horse literally covered 
with floral offerings from the ladies who gathered to witness the display, re- 
viewed the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia at Brandy Station. 


Was an attack, June 0, 1803, on his cavalry by a portion of Pleasant's cavalry. 
General Hooker, the "lighting Joe Hooker" of the Northern press, was now in 
the command of the "Army of the Potomac," and Pleasanton was his recently 
ajjpointed cavalry leader. The Federals crossed the Rappahannock at Bev- 
erlys and Kellys fords, nine thousand men and six batteries, at daybreak June 
9th. Major McClellan, Stuart's adjutant-general, puts Stewart's force at nine 
thousand three hundred and thirty five men and twenty guns, but states that 
three thousand men were absent at the time of the battle, making Stuart's ac- 
tual fighting force one third less than Pleasant's. The latter formed his plan 
of attack on the mistaken supposition that Stuart was at Culpeper (^. H., and 
ordered his troops to rendezvous at Brandy Station. Unfortunately for his 
plans, Stuart's troops were concentrated at his place of rendezvous. 

General Buford, commanding Pleasanton's first division, came up from Bev- 
erly Ford, met Stuart's whole force at St. James church, fought some hours, 
was attacked in the rear, and finally compelled to fight his way out and back 
to the ford. Colonel Gregg, with Pleasanton's third division, came up from 
Kellys Ford, and in turn received the attention of Stuart's men, now well 
warmed up for the work. Pleasanton's second division, commanded by Col- 
onel Duffle, did not reach the battle field until^late in the day, just as Pleasan- 
ton, informed that Confederate infantry was approaching, ordered a retreat. 
The Federal official report of the battle places the loss at five hundred, and 
Stuart's loss at seven hundred. As Stuart captured four hundred prisoners, it 
is safe to presume that this official statement is far from accurate — by no 
means an uncommon occurence. 


Other engagrements on the soil of Calpeper county were of minor note, chief- 
ly as follows: A repulse of three Federal regiments of infantry and one of cav- 
alry, raiding near Calpeper C. H., July 12, 1862; August 20, 1862, a similar expe- 
rience for a body of Federal cavalry at Brandy Station; and the same next day 
at Kellys Ford; a skirmish at Kellys Ford, March 17, ISflS; a raid of Federal cav- 
alry through Rappahannock Station, Kellys Ford and Brandy Station, August 
1-^, 1868; a cavalry raid for the **Army of the Potomac" to Brandy Station, 
September 6, 1863; a fight at Kellys Ford November 7, 1883. 


A Roll of the Brandy Riflemen of Culpeper county at the time of organiza- 
tion in 1859. 

C. H. Wager, Captain; Stockton Heth, 1st Lieutenant; John P. Wellford, 
2nd Lieutenant; Thomas Faulconer 3rd Lieutenant; Thomas W. Parr, Sergeant; 
Thomas O. Curtis, Sergeant; George M. Wood, H. B. Milser, G. G. Thompson, 
P. M. Gilkeson, J. P. Wager, John D. Brown, R. O. Grayson, Albert Gordon, 
James W. Field, William McConkie, William Spicer, John Mallony, James 
liUckett, Wm. Shaw, J. T. Norman, William Green, Thomas W. Jones, J. O. 
Harris, P. M. Wrenn, Benjamin Yates, John Cash, Matthew Johnson, Stanton 
Wharton, J. C. Childs, Geo. Wheatley, R. C. Brown, J. F. Terrell, J. T. Bank- 
head, Lewis Yancey Sanford Berlin and William Luckett. 


The publishers are indebted to Judge Daniel A. Grimsley for the following 
roll of Company B, 6th. Virginia Cavalry which was composed of men, most 
all of whom were from Rappahannock county. Many were from Culpeper; 
others from adjoining counties. The Company served from the beginning of 
the war to the close. The following roll gives the casualties, as far as is 

Green, John Shackelford; Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, 6th. 
Va. Cavalry; twice wounded; died since the war. 

Green,* James W., Ist. Lieut., resigned in 1861. 

Wigginton, Benj., Ist. Lieut , 2nd. Lieut., taken prisoner in 1883. Living in 

Grimsley, Daniel A., Sergeant, 1st. Lieut., Capt., Major, 6th Va. Cavalry. 

Duncan, R. R., 1st. Lieut., Capt., wounded at 2nd. Manssas, Trevillian^s and 
Tom's Brook. 

Browning, W. S., 2nd. Lieut., 1st. Lieut., killed at Cedar Creek. 

Fristoe,* W. S., 2nd. Lieut., resigned in 1862. 

O'Bannon,* Walter, jr., 2nd. Lieut., not re-elected at reorganization, after- 
wards ordnance officer 6th. Virginia Cavaly. 

NoN Commissioned Officers. 

Corbin, Henry M., 1st. Sergeant , promoted in order to 2nd. Lieut, in place 
of Browning; wounded, killed in Maryland. 
Willis, A. M., 1st. Sergeant, Capt. Co. G, 12th. Va. Cav. 
Daniel, A. R., 1st. Sergt., discharged in 1861 on account of disability. 
Roberts, G. B., 1st. Sergt., killed in action. 
Slaughter, F. L., Sergeant. 
Burke, Cornelius, Sergeant, wounded in action. 
Smith, W. M., Sergeant. 

Jones, E. T., regin^entai quartermaster Sergeant. 
Justis, James F., regimental forage master. 
Botts, A. T., wounded at Yellow Tavern. 
Bruce,* W. S., wounded. 


Carpenter, M. C, died in prison. 

Duncan, B. P., killed in action. 

Lillard,* W. J., promoted in order to jr. 2nd. Lieut. 

Brownell,* W. H., elected Lieut. 12th. Va. Cavalry. 
Privates: Atkins,* Silas H., enlisted 1881, disabled in action. Arm- 

strong, J. W., enlisted 1861, wounded twice. Atkins,* Thos. C. enliftedin 

1881, Anderson, Peyton, 1881, killed in action. Wounded badly May 27, 

1861. First soldier to shed his blood for the Confederacy. Dischiurged. 
Atkins, George, enlisted in 1862. Amiss, Edmond T., 1861. 

Brown, Wm., 1861. Bowen, Wra., 1861. Bowen, Henry, 1861. 

Bragg, P. E., 1861. discharged on account of ill health. Re-enlisted 
Burke,* Jos., 1862. Burke, Edmund, 1862. Burke, Festus, 1882, 

wounded, died in prison. Burke, Mike, 1862, killed in action. Barke, 

(Tony) Robert, 1862. Killed in action., Burke, M. N., 1863. Burke, 

Robert, 1862. Brown Dallas, 1862, killed in action. Brown,* Rob- 

ert C, 1863. Brown Harvey, 1868. Browning, Henry R., 1868, accidently 
wounded. By waters, Jas. E., 1862, died of disease. Bywatops,* Rob- 

ert, 1863. Brooke,* Wm., 1861, prisoner. Brooke, Davis, 1861, died in 

1862. Brown, Henry C, 1862, wounded. Browning, Joseph, 1883, 
wounded. Brown, J. Thompson, 1862, wounded; detailed to light daty in 
commissary department. Bruce,* Wm., 1861, wounded. Bradford. 
Hill C.,. 1862, prisoner. Brady, Albert, 1861, severely wounded. Brady,* 
Josephus, 1861, wounded. Butler, John, 1861. 

Cannon,* Geo. W.. 1861, discharged honorably. Cannon,* Elijah, 1881, 

twice wounded. Corbin,* Robert, 1862, detailed as teamster. Chan- 

cellor, Jas., 1881, promoted Lieut, of infantry. Crawford, Jas. M., 1883, 

prisoner and escaped from Elmira. Cannon, John R., 1863. Carpen- 

ter, Wm., 1862. Carpenter, Jas., 1862, died in prison, Chelf, Jas. N., 

1862. Cooksey,* Jas., 1863, wounded. Clarke, Wm., 1881. Carr, 

Jno. O. 1863, killed in action. Curtis,* Jno., 1883, teamster. Corbin,. 

Jas., 1862, wounded. Chewning, Robert, 1863, prisoner. 

Daniel,* Wm., 1861, discharged. Deal,* Geo. W., 1362. Dwyere,* 

Alfred, 1863. Deatherage,* Robert R., 1863. Deathera^e,t Rabert, 

1862. Dennis,! Newton, 1861. Dennis,! Wm., 1862. 

Eastham, Robt. W., 1861, Eastham, P. Dabney, 1861, wounded and 

discharged. Eastham, Geo., 1863, killed in action. 

Fant,t W: D., 1861, discharged. Fletcher, Geo. W., 1861, died of dis- 

ease. Field, R. Y., disabled in action, detailed in quarter-master depart- 

ment. Fogg, Chas. E., 1862, badly wounded. Field, P. B., 1862, killed 

inaction. Field, Wm., 1862, killed in action. . Fisher, Thos., 1863, 


Grimsley, Thos. F., 1861. Green,t George, 1861. Green, Robert R. 

1861, wounded at Cold Harbor. Green, Jas. W., 1862, wounded at Winches- 

ter. George, Williamson C, 1864. Green,t Arthur, 1862, prisoner. 

Garnet,! Wm. A., 1864, wounded at Spottsylvania. 

Hill,t Jas., 1861, wounded. Houghton, Jackson, 1881. Houghton, 

Marshall, 1861, killed in action. Houghton, Thos., 1862, twice wounded. 

Houghton, Wm. J., 1863, wounded. Houghton, Chas., 1864. Huif, Ed- 

ward H., 1861, prisoner. Huff, Jno. 1861, teamster. Huff, Thos., 1864. 

Haddox, Jno., 1861, killed in action. Heaton, A. B., 1861, wounded. 

Hawkins, Muscoe, 1862, wounded. Hawkins, Wm., 1862, wounded at Yel- 

low Tavern. Hawkins,t Mortimer, 1863. Hawkins,! Jno., 1863. 

Hisle, Lloyd, 1862, wounded at Ream^s Station. Hisle, Daniel, wounded at 

Brandy Station. Hartley, Thos., 1862, wounded at Five Forks. Hilt, 

Jas., 1862. Hitt, Albert H., 1802. Hitt, Albert, 18G3, killed in action. 

Hitt, Jno., 1833. Hill, Jas., 1861, wounded. Hood, C. B., 1804. 

Hawes, Wm. F., 1833. Hand,t Eastham, 1862. Hand, AVm., 1863. 

Hambriek, Wm , 1862. Hudson, Richard O., 1862, wounded. HerroU, 

Thomas, 1861. Huflf, Jas., 1861, wounded. Hawkins, Arthur, 1863, 

wounded at Newtown. 

Jett, W. A. L., 1801, wounded. Johnson, M. M., 1S02. Johnson^ 

Henry, 1863. JjQhij^ion, .Dallas,, IfiiO^. .J,<?fdon, Bo her};, 4^64. Judd, 

Jacob, 1864, dieA^ ^1 1 I; ^ ' ! ^ // 

Kendall, JSirwarrow, 1802, killed in action, • - \ Kendall; Braxton, 1803. 
Kerfoot, Jas. F., 1863. Kerfoot, Jmlfion, 1803. Kerfoot, Willie, 1803. 

Miller, Eastham J., 1801, died Miller, Robert E., 1802. Miller, Jno, 

■ft** ^^' Y^?¥!t^.4®,4i PW^^^?fa.; .^^^-^on, Wm. B., .1861. Murphy, Samuel,dis- 

cbfWBeji. .Menfifee;Henry SL%r,1862. McQueen, Henry .0.^1862. Milla.nt J^ 

W.,1861. Moffett, Frank,1804, killed at Yellow Tavern. .Moore,* Jno.,1862. 

\....J^ewby>Ji,J. W;..B.* 18ei,.disoharged. . ..JJ^icholson, Geo;iW., 1802, . kiiiled in 

u , Ql8w;*Mnt: Jienry C. 1802. .. ■.:.,.. 

. --Btilleot'Jos^ Sr. 1802; was over sixty- years of a^e when enlisted arid served. 
to ologe'>of'waii." • Pullen, Jos. Jr.-, 1862, killed in action.' Pulten, Jno., 1801, 
wounded. Pirtiiam, Jno. B., 186a, wounded;- •- Peyton,t- Hamilton^ 1863. 

i.Hu^asilla,' Wra-. G., 1661.; wounded; Rttdasilla,'.Kenley, 1801v Rtlda- 
gilla, Thaddeufl'A., 1861, wounded. • RudasiHa,- Jack,- 1862. - Rtidasilla, Miff- 
lin^ 1862. . Rowles,* Jno. F., 1861, wounded and died. Rowlesyf: Jos. F., 1861, 
t0atiistei<. Ritenaiir, T. C, 1862, wounded; - Roberts,t Robt. P., 1864. 
Rea^an,t Lewis, 1868i- . . .;^ 

*: -Slaujjrhter, P. P. 18mr discharj?ed. Slaughter, T. T. 1801, wottnded. 

Slaughter, M. L., 1863^kilied in action. Stftrke,Wm., 1861, killed in action. 

Scott.t Wm., 1861, discharged. Scott,David, 1861, died. ' Sheads,t Geo. 

M., 1863. Scroggins, Jas. M. 1863. Sinims* Wm., 1862, wounded. 

Settle, Broaddus, 1862, prisoner. Smith,Chas. E., 1884. Sutphin,Robt. 

1863, wounded. Spicer; Thos., 1863, wounded. Smith, Jas., 18J3, 


.. Turner, Absolam, 1861. Tapp,* Elijah, 1802, discharged. Thorn- 

toD, Jno., 1862. Thornton, Prank, 1862. 

Updike, B. F., 1861, wounded and taken prisoner. Utz, Jno., 1833, ta- 

ken prisoner. 

Vanhorne, Rohert, 1861, taken prisoner. . Vaughan, Johnson, 1863. 

Walden, Turaer, 1861, -died. Wood, Jas. M., 1861, severely wounded 

and discharged. Willis, Albert G., 1862. Willis, Wm., 1863. 

Wright, Wm., 1863. Wilson, Wm., 1862, taken prisoner. Weaver, Gusta- 

VU8, 1863. 

Yates, Samuel S. 1861, killed in action, Yates, Robert, 1863. 

There are six or eight names appearing on the original roll, marked as hav- 
ing deserted ta the enemy, which are omitted from the above roster. 

Those marked with a * or t have died since the war. This marking was 
done in September, 1899. It is interesting to note the large number that were 
living at that date. 




[The publisher is indebted to Rev. E. W. Winfrey, pastor, and to Mr. H. 
C. Burrows, of the Culpeper Baptist Church, for all the information contain- 
ed in this chapter.] 

Within the territory which originally formed the County of Culfwper, now 
embracing the counties of Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock, there are 
at the date of this writing, (October, 1899) thirty churches or congregations, of 
white Baptists, with an aggregate membership of more than three thousand 
and seven hundred (3,700,) and we may say that nearly all of the colored peo- 
ple of this territory, who are members of any church, are Baptists. When the 
original Culpeper county was formed (1748) there was probably not a Baptist 
within its borders. In the year 1763 Allen Wyley, **a man of respectable stand- 
ing in the county,^^ living near Flint Hill, now Rappahannock county, having 
been '^turned to (iod,^^ but not knowing of any preacher whose teaching fully 
accorded with views which he had formed, **had sometimes gathered h sneigb- 
bors, read the scriptures, and exhorted them to repentance; but, being inform- 
ed of the labors of Rev. David Thomas in Fauquier county, he with some of his 
friends traveled thither to hear him.^^ The immediate result of this visit was 
that Mr. Wyley was baptised, and prevailed upon Mr. Thomas to go home 
with him and preach at his house. This man, David Thomas, ^*the first Bap- 
tist preacher tlat ever proclaimed the gospeP^ in the county, was born at Lon- 
don Tract, Pennsylvania, Aug. 16th. 1732, and educated at Hopewell, N. J. 
The degree of A. M. was conferred upon him by Rhode Island College, (Brown 
University.) He was in Virginia, a noble champion of religious liberty, and 
suffered severe persecutions. Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry held him 
in high esteem, and he highly valued them as friends of liberty. He will be 
long remembered as the author of a stirring poem on ^Freedom/ *' (Beaie's 
Semple, p. 21.) Eleven years after this first visit to the county, that is, in 1774, 
Mr. Thomas organized the Mt. Pony church, *' the members coming from a 
church in Orange County, called Mountain Run, constituted in 1768, and dis- 
solved in 1772.^^ The first pastor of Mt. Poney church was Nathaniel Saund- 
ers, who professed religion uiider the preaching of Mr. Thomas. The name 
of this church was taken from the small, well-known mountain at the base 
of which stood the first house of worship, some two miles from the town of 
Culpeper, on the road to Stevensburg, but was changed to ^* Culpeper " April 
29th, ltt73. In 1833 this church removed with sixty white members to the 
town of Culpeper." At that time Waller R. Asher and his wife, were the only 
white Baptists living in the town." In 1834 a house of worship was built at a 
cost of $1,200 on a lot purchased of Dr. Buck near BelPs Ford on Mountain 
Run, a part of which building still remains and constitutes the rear portion of 
the present residence of Mr. C. F. Chelf. 

'/ For valifable Information concerning each of the churches of this denom- 
lilation in the territor jr in question the reader is referred to' the " Historical 
Sketch of the Shiloh Association,," published with ^' the Minutes of the One 
Hundredth Session," 1894. (See Specimen " Sketches " below). And for much 
profitable reading as to the lives and characters of the leading meni who a 
<5entury and more ago proclaimed the doctrines, planted the churches, and 
Buffered in the service of this sect, we refer to Semple^s History of the Rise and 
Progress of the Baptists in Virginia, ( Revised iBind Extended by Dr. G. W, 
Beale in 1894), and to Dr. James B. Taylor's '' Virginia Baptist Ministers." 

Ko one thinks to-day with other feelinirs than those of shatne and sorrow 
and severest disapprobation of the misguided zeal of those who blindly and 
T-ainly sought to suppress this people when they began to arise and assert 
themselves upon our soil. Nor can any fair minded person for a moment 
think to hold any Individual, church, party, or sect of the present responsible 
for the crimes or mistakes of a generation long since departed. At the same 
time, the true historian cannot fail to note and all generations need to know 
9uch heroism, such devotion, such self-sacrifice as was exhibited by the pion^ 
ears of the Baptist faith in this part of Virginia. John Picket, one of these 
pioneers, was for about 3 months, (possibly in 1780), confined in the Fauquier 
prison for the '' crime " (?) of preaching the gospel. Elijah Craig, who was 
spoken of as '' a man of considerable talent," was upon one occasion arrested 
** at his plow," and ** taken before three magistrates of Culpeper who, with- 
out hearing arguments, ordered him to jail. At court, he, with others, was 
arraigned." In spite of sound arguments on the part of their lawyer they 
were imprisoued for one m^nth and *^ fed on rye bread and water, to the in» 
Jury of their health." James Ireland,of whom Henry Howe in his ** Virginia, 
Its History and Antiquities " speaks as ^* a worthy clergyman of the Baptist 
persuasion," was born in the city of Edinburgh, in 1748. While still a young 
man he came to America and took charge of a school in the northern part of 
Virginia. His was an active and versatile mind, though, his education an ac- 
count of the roving disposition of his youth, was defective. He is described as 
being *' a man of common stature, a handsome face, piercing 'eye, and pleas- 
ant countenance: In his youth he was spare, but he became by degrees quite 
corpulent, so that not long after, his second marriage he wanted but nine^ 
teen pounds of weighing three hundred.** 

In 1769 or 1770, at a meeting in Pittsylvania County, Mr. Ireland was bap^ 
tised by the Rev*d Samuel Harris, immediately returned to his home with cre- 
dentials signed by eleven ministers, *'and in the spirit and power of his Mas- 
ter devoted himself to the great work of preaching the gospel." But, his 
growing popularity and success excited the indignation of those who were in 
authority and brought down upon his head fierce persecution." Being rough- 
ly seized by order of magistrates, he was thrust into the Culpeper Jail because 
he had dared to preach without the authority or sanction of the bishop." He 
was accompanied to prison amid the abuses of his persecutors, and while in- 
carcerated in his cell not only suffered by the inclemency of the weather, but 
by the i>ersonal maltreatment of his foes. They attempted to blow him up 
with gunpowdei:, to suffocate him by burning brimstone, etc., at the door and 
window of his prison, and even to poison him. He states that he might speak 
of a hundred instances of cruelty which were practiced." When, subsequent- 
ly, Mr. Ireland went down to Willamsburg with a petition to the governor, 
Lord Botetourt, for a permit to have a meeting house built in Culpeper coun^ 
ty, he found the governor altogether kindly and affable in manner, but the 
clergy of the city, to whom by direction of the governor he applied for exami" 




nation, were ^' of quite a different character:" " they appeared/' ho says,*' ob- 
stinately determined not to ^iveme the requisite examination; every one shif- 
ted it upon another, till at last I obtained it from a country parson living: 8 
miles from the capital, and presented it to the governor and council, who 
firanted me a license for those tliinprs i)etitioned.'' 

The <?rowth and success of this denomination in this, as in other sections, 
of the State is in no small measure due humanly speakin:i:, to this unwise per- 
secution : The ra<j:e of these misguided ecclesiastics was the excess of folly: 
They defeated their own aims: They contriijuted t^ the power and increase of 
those whom they esteemed enemies tothe cause of truth and reli<?ion. We do 
not question the sincerity of their motives, but their error of judgment was, 
from every point of view, colossal and inexcusable. 

It would be pleasant if we could here put on record suitable mention of 
all those zealous, noble men who built so wisely and successfully upon the 
foundation laid by them that suffered and toiled thi-ougrh the initial .staere of 
the history of this denomination in this section. There were Nathaniel Saun- 
(l(»r8, Wm. Mason, John (Churchill Gordon, J. Koontz, James Garuett, Geo. 
Eve, Jolm Picket, H. (toss, Lewis Conner, W. Fri.stoe, Oliver Welch, A. Mof- 
fett, E. (t. Ship. Robert Jones, John Hickerson, Thomas Holtzman, Daniel 
James, J<>hn Gfarnett, Thornton Strinf^fellow, Barnett Grimsley, A. M. Poin- 
dexter, Joshua Leather, L. L. Fox, J. N. Fox, James Fife, Champ C. Conner, 
Thaddeuaiierndon, Richard Herndon, A. H. Spillman, James - Garnett Jr.,. 
Wm. F. Broadus, Cumberland George, T. R. Miller, P. M. Carpenter, Silas 
Bruce, . H. C. Brif?^, J. A. Mansfield, W. G. Roan, Wm. A. Hill, Wm. A. 
Whitescarver, L. R. Steele, J. W. Brown, H. E. Hatcher, Jno. C. Willi8,A. H. 
Bennett, B. P. Dulin, W. S. Bri^<?s, A. M. Grimsley, Milton Robert Grimsley, 
and others amonfi^ deceased ministers, not to mention those who are still zeal- 
ously engaged in the same work, nor the many strong and influential *' lay- 
men," living and departed, who perhaps have been not less faithful nor less 
efficient in their less conspicuous spheres. 

We cheerfully attest that the Baptists of this region are among the most, 
peaceable, law-abiding, enterprising, industrious, frugal, and everyway, valu- 
able as well as the most numerous of our citizens. Not a few of them are prom- 

• • • 

inentand influential in business, in social life, and in. the various professions. 
It is an honor to the County, as well as to the denomination of which we now 
write, that so devout and scholarly, preeminently useful, a man as Dr. Jno. A. 
Broadus, who died but a few years ago while occupying the position of Presi- 
dent of the Southern Baptist Theological Seniinary, was a son of this old 
County. If space allowed, we might name others who have gone forth from 
among us and in various callings and walks of life have adorned the name of 
their native county and the traditions of their religious denomination. 

The peculiarities of this people are not. numerous, but are esteeiped by 
them,as of vital importance:— They have always laid jf^mt emphasis upon the 
doctrine of individual responsibility, and contended^ thfit i^ is the right and 
the duty of every man to study the Scriptures for himjjelf and to worship God 
according to the dictates of his own conscience: They insist^ upon a credible 
profession of faith in Jesus Christ as the prerequisite to . ha^tiem,— upon im- 
mersion as essential to baptism,— upon the inJependejace of the churches— 
(holding that each church is responsible only to Christ as,. her, He^ad and Law- 
givjer, though any number of churches may combine and .co-operate, in be- 
ne vplpn^ and religious enterprises,)- and, upon the absolute equality of the 
piini^tryi the majority of them hold that none are entitled to the privilege of 
coming to the Lord's ta])le, or participating in the observance of the Lord's 


Supper, who are not consistent members of a church of regenerate and im- 
mersed believers. They are aggressive in educational and benevolent and 
missionary enterprises, and readily co-operate with all other Christians in all 
good works when they can do so without sacrificing their cardinal principles . 

We append, from the ** Historical Sketch " above referred to, a few ex- 
tracts, or individual sketches, which contain matter of interest to many of our 
citizens. It will be observed that the churches named are those within the 
present limits of Culpeper County. 

*' Jeffersonton, at the village of that name, in the county of Culpeper, 
about 16 miles N. E. of the court house, formerly Hedgeman^s River, was or- 
ganized in 1773, the constituent members coming from Carter's Run in Fau- 
quier. John Picket was pastor till 1790. His successors have been John Hick- 
erson till 1809, Daniel James till 1811, Thornton Stringfellow till 1818, Daniel 
James again 1818-1822, E. G. Ship one year, Cumberland George 1823-1863, 
Barnett Grimsley 1863-1881, L. R. Steele 1881-1884, and M. R. Grimsley who 
still serves in that capacity. Her membership, since 1876 has grown from 134 
to 171." 

Since this was written the membership of the Jeffersonton church has in- 
creased to 204, but the pastor last named, Mr. Milton Robert Grimsley, loved, 
honored, and now lamented by many hundreds of our people, has entered into 
the everlasting rest. He is fitly spoken of as *'Grirasley, the loving and belov- 
ed." A strong and useful mau, just a little past 45 years of age when on June 
the 9th, 1899, he ceased from the joys and labors of earth. The present pastor 
of this church is Rev. L. R. Thornhill, D. D., who has but recently come to re- 
side within our borders. 

"CuLPBPER (of which your committee have the honor to be members) sit- 
uated since 1834 in the town of Culpeper, was constituted in 1774 by Elder 
David Thomas, *the first Baptist preacher that ever proclaimed the gospel in 
Orange and Culpeper,' the constituent membere coming from a church in Or- 
ange county, organized in 1768, and known as Mountain Run. Until April 
29th, 1873, the Culpeper church was known as the Mt. Poney church. *In 
1791 she sent off her first colony to Gourd vine, and in 1803 her second — (72 
members) to Bethel; In 1833 she dismissed a third to Stevensburg and removed 
with the remaining sixty white members to the town of Culjjeper. At that 
time Waller R. Asher and his wife were the only white Baptists living in the 
towD.K *The pastors have been Nathaniel Saunders (as supply 1774-1777,) John 
Leland, Wm. Mason, Nathaniel Saunders, Wm. Mason again, John 
Churchill Gordon, (1822-1847,) Cumberland George, (1847-1863,) J. N. Fox and 
R. H. Stone until Sept. 24th, 1865, James B. Taylor, (1865-1875,) A. C. Barran, 
(1875-1882,) 0. F. James, (1882-1889,) and E. W. Winfrey who came into the 
service of this church in December, 1889. The house of worship erected in 1858, 
at a cost of about $10,000.00, 'on the spot where stood the old jail in which 
James Ireland' and others were 'imprisoned for preaching the gospel' as Bap- 
tists, was destroyed by fire on the night of October 6th, 1892. The new build- 
ing which takes its place, on the same historic spot, will cost about $15,000.00. 
This church has enjoyed frequent revivals and, at various times, large addi- 
tions to her membership; But, by reason mainly of deaths and removals, the 
net increase in members has not been considerable for a number of years. In 
1876 there were 195 members, now there are 265. Elders M. D. Jeffries and S. 
W. Cole were members of this church. The lamented Frank C. Johnson who 
had just entered the ministry and his brother Thomas A., now a promising 
young Baptist preacher, were both members of this church in their early boy- 


The Rev. Jno. F. Harris, since deceased, was a son of this chnrch and in 
}iis purposef ulness and fervent zeal was laboring as the pastor of churches in 
another county when fatal sickness laid its hand upon him. It is proper to say 
also that the membership of this church has grown to be 312, and that the 
beautiful and substantial new house of worship memtioned in the above 
sketch was dedicated on the 16th day of June, 1895. 

"Crooked Run, in Culpeper county, about 10 miles S. W. of the court 
house, 4s a daughter of Blue Run.' She began her career in 1777. Her pas- 
tors have been Elijah Craig 'for about two years,' James Gamett Sr. for more 
than fifty five years, his grandson James Gamett Jr. for about forty-six years, 
J. W, McCown for more than fourteen years, J. W. Bishop one year, Jotn C. 
Willis (as a supply) for about 10 months, and J. IE. Gwatkin whose term of ser- 
vice began February, 1893. The membership in 1876 was 74; it is now 73. The 
eloquent Elder Champ C. Conner, who subsequently removed to Tennessee, 
was a son of this church.-' 

Rev. E. L. Grace is now the pastor of Crooked Run, and the membership 
is 89. The annual reports of contributions of this church are next to the larg- 
est of all the churches of the Shiloh Association. 

"GouRDViNE, in Culpeper county, 12 miles North of the court house, was 
constituted March 11th, 1791 — (see Culpeper) — with Wm. Mason as pastor. 
He served in that capacity until Oct., 1823, and was followed by Jas. Garnett 
— 1822-1863--Barnett Grimsley— 1863-1881— T. P. Brown— (first as assistant to 
B. Grimsley and then as sole pastor 1881-1888,) and F. P. Berkley who assumed 
pastoral care of the church in February, 1890. The membership of this church 
in 1876 was 132; This year she reports 121— (see Amissville.) Elders A. M. 
Grimsley and John Roberts Moffat t were ministerial sons of this church. A 
brief account of Bro. Grimsley's life and labors and death will appear in your 
Minutes of this session. Bro. Moffatt, a great nephew of Elder Anderson Mof- 
fatt, already mentioned in this paper, had devoted himself with characteris- 
tic sincerity and enthusiasm to the cause of Temperance and become a leader 
of the Prohibition party in the State. In November 1892, while on his way to 
the opening — (night) — session of the Baptist General Association in Danville, 
he was met and killed by a political enemy. At that time he was the much 
beloved pastor of the Baptist church in North Danville, as well as Editor of 
the Prohibition paper — Anti-Liquor. He was a man of no small abilities, de- 
cided convictions, earnest piety, consuming zeal and unfaultering courage, 
and though only 34 years old had been largely useful." 

The present pastor of the Gourdvine church is Rev. S. W. Cole, who also 
serves the New Salem church mentioned below. 

*'Bethel, in Culpeper county, about 9^ miles West of the court house, 
was constituted in 1803 — (see Culpeper.) Her pastors have been Wm. Mason— 
(1803-1821)— Daniel James, as supply— August 1822-March 1823 — Jas. Garnett— 
(1823-1874)— A. H. Spil man— (Sept. 1874— March 1875)—, and Thomas F. 
Grimsley since July 1875. During the past 18 years her membership has in- 
creased from 167 to 285. From this church have gone into the ministry T. P. 
Brown, John H. Boldridge, James R. Brown, and Wade Brown." 

Rev. T. F. Grimsley is still pastor at Bethel, and the membership has come 
to be 310. 

**Cedar Run, in Culpeper county, some 6 or 7 miles South West of the court 
house, was organised in April, 1830. The first house of worship was built ou 
an island in the stream, Cedar Ran, just below the point at which the rail- 
road now crosses the same. The second, erected a few years before the war, 


and torn down by Federal soldiers, stood about a half-mile East of MitchelPs 
Station. Another by the almost unaided liberality of the pastor, Elder James 
Garnett, was erected on the same spot after the war between the States, but 
was torn down in 1878, and rebuilt on the present site. Two years ago, the 
church determined to erect a new house of worship; this is now nearly com- 
pleted, and will probably cost about $1,400. Her pastors have been James 
Garnett— (1830-1874)— Dr. Wm. A. Hill— (1877-1880)— W. G. Roan— (1881-1883)— 
J. A. Chambliss— (June 1883— Feb. 1884)— and I. N. May, who has been serving 
in that capacity since 1884. The parents of Elders J. S., M. B. and H. M. 
Wharton were active and honored members of this church, and Elder J. S. 
Wharton was by her licensed to preach. Seventeen years ago her membership 
was 38; this year she reports 7.")." 

Since the above was written, the membership of Cedar Run has increased to 
103, the Rev. Gabriel Gray has served for a number of years as pastor, and the 
Rev. Hugh Goodwin has but recently taken charge. 

'*New Salem, in Oulpeper county, about 7 miles North of the court house, 
on the flperryville and Oulpeper Turnpike, was constituted in January, 1834, 
by Wm. F. Broaddus and B. Grimsley. Her first pastor. Champ C. Conner, 
served from March 18 U, to March, 1835, and was followed by B. Grimsley — 
(Oct. 1835-Oct. 1849)— ,J. W. Brown— (Feb'y 1850— Oct. 1850)—, Jno. W. 
George— (June, '53-Feb'y '51)— Silas Bruce— (1854-1801)— A. M. Grimsley— (1865 
until his death in April, 1894.) During the terrible period of the civil war, the 
church had no pastor. Since 187(5 her membership has grown from 89 to 146 
in 1894. Chas. W.Collier became pastor in August, 1894. Elders Jno. A. 
Broadus and J. M. Farrar went into the ministry while members of 
this church. Elder A. H. Lewis, now in Missouri, was for a number of years a 
member here. Elder R. H. Stone once held memV)ership in this body. And, 
this was the church of Edmund Broadus, father of Elder John A. Broadus, 
§,nd for many years a very prominant and influential member of this Associa- 

As noted above. Rev. Mr. Cole is now pastor at New Salem, the Rev. C. W. 
Collier having previously served in that capacity for a year or two. 

"Stevensburg, at the village of that name in Culpeper county, 7 miles 
from the court house, was organized in 1833 — (see Culpeper.) Thornton String- 
fellow was her pastor from October, 1833 to October, 1848. Cumberland George 
served in that capacity one year. Then followed Jno. W. George — (1851-1861.) 
In 1832 the meeting houj'e was burned, and the membership became scattered, 
and seems to have had no regular meetings for live or six years. In July 1868 
they began to gather for worship in a small house at or near Lignum. Elder 
H. E. Hatcher preached for the little band several times in 1807 and 18G8. El- 
der A. H. Bennett was pastor 1809-1871. In October 1871 the church was reor- 
ganized in the Methodist house of worship at Stevensburg by Elder James B. 
Taylor. From that time until his death in April 1875, Elder A. H. Spilman 
served as pastor, J. W. McCown was his successor — (1875-1831) — and he was 
succeeded — (1881) — by the present pastor. Elder T. P. Brown. In eighteen 
years her membership has increased from 79 to 97. For some years, during the 
sixties and seventies, this church appears on your Minutes under the name of 

Rev. Mr. Brown is still pastor at Stevensburg, and the membership is now 

"Alum Spring, in Culpeper county, 6 miles North of the court house, be- 
came a church November 16th, 1855. From that date until his death, August 
25th, 1863, Cumberland George was her pastor. Her other pastors have been 


John N. Fox— (June 1865— May 1878)— John H. Boldridge— (December 1878- 
August 1881)— and T. P. Brown from September 1881 until now. This chureli 
was one of the fruits of a prayer meeting held in the woods during the Sum- 
mer of 1854. Seven of the twelve origrinal constituent members are still in the 
flesh. Her membership eighteen years ago was 44; this year she reports 130. 
Elders B. W. N. and A. M. Simms, now preaching in Texas, went into the min- 
istry while membeis of Alum Spring." 

This church, still under the pastoral care of Rev. Mr. Brown, reports this 
year a membership of 187. 

"Lael, four or five miles S. E. of the village of Stevensburg, in Culpeper 
county, was organized in May 1874 by Elders J. B. Taylor Jr. and R. H. Stone, 
with nine male and twelve female members who came from Stevensburg and 
Flat Run, a majority from the former. Her pastoi*s have been R. H. Stone— 
(1874-1884) — and F. H. James since March 1885. Her present house of worship, 
a beautiful building, was erected in 1890. The 21 members with which she 
began 20 years ago have now become 188. In the beginning, she paid her pas- 
tor $40 00 a year for "once a month" preaching; The pastor now occupies her 
pulpit on two Sundays of each month, and receives a salary of $250.00 per an- 
num. In something like this ratio she has increased her contributions to mis- 
sions and other benevolent enterprises. Mr. A G. Williis, one of her best be- 
loved and most highly honored members, has contributed much to the attain- 
ment of this prosperity and progress." 

Lael, with Rev. F. H. James still serving as her pastor, reports a membe^ 
ship of 205. 

"Brandy, at the railway village of that name in Culpeper county, was 
constituted in 1887, by Elders T. P. Brown, F. H. James, F. P. Robertson, and 
C. F. James. The twelve constituent members came from Stevensburg, Jef- 
fersonton and Good Hope churches. Elders C. W. Brooks served as pulpit 
supply for one year. For 14 months F. P. Berkely was pastor. J. E. Gwatkin, 
who now serves in that capacity, took charge in i891. Her membership this 
year is 53. This church, beginning in a school house and afterwards occupy- 
ing for a time the house of worship kindly tendered by the Methodists of the 
place, has manifested a most praiseworthy zeal and perseverance in the erec- 
tion of her own handsome building, now almost completed." 

The church at Brandy Station now has a membership of 63, some of these 
being among the most "well-to-do" and influential people of the county, and 
has the pastoral services of Rev. L. H. Shuck, D. D. During the past year 
this church has been much alfiicted in the death of Mrs. Sallie Stringfellow to 
whose energy and zeal the origin and progress of the church are largely due. 



Prom the early will books of Culpeper county, beginning: July 20, 1749, and 
standing to March 10, 1821, the publisher has taken the following notes. In 
oing so we were guided by no set rule, but took notes of wills from which it 
'as possible to derive any genealogical information, excepting some few, which 
e deemed not of sufRcient importance to justify the printing of notes there- 
rom. Following th^ notes from wills we give the complete marriage record 
f Culpeper from the year, 1781 to January 1, 1825. Prior to 1780 the mar- 
age record was kept by the Church authorities; an effort was made to pro- 
ore the whole or a part of this record, but it could not be found. 

The marriage record which follows immediately after the notes from wills 
tc, can be used in this way. Take the will of Spencer Butler, by which it 
pX)ears, that he had a daughter, Dorcas, who married a Duncan. Now, look 
I the marritige record, where it can be seen that in 1797 James Duncan mar- 
ed Dorcas Butler. 

Roger Dixon was the first clerk of the county. He was succeeded in 1772 
y John Jameson. The first will recorded was that of 

Elmore George, dated Sept. 1st, 1748, which was witnessed by Wm. Nash, 
hristopher Threlkeld and Jno. Wetherall. He speaks of his wife, Martha, of 
is sons, William and Thomas; also of his brother, William George. 

The remainder of the notes we give in alphabetical order.Note the follow- 
ig explanations. First is given the testator^s name, then the date the will 
as written; then his wife's name, where it is possible to obtain it; lastly the 
times of his. children, and other genealogical information that might be at 
and: The date last given is the probate of the will. Book **G," from April 1, 
^3, to June 17, 1817', is missing, the supposition being it was lost during the 
ar between the States. 


Roger Abbett, Jul. 2, 1762, Ann; had daughters who married Triplett, 
ummins and Jerome Rosson. Nov. 18, 1762. 

Roger Abbott, Feb. 21, 1809, Anna; children were Jemina, m. McClana- 
an, Daniel, William, Susanna, m. Roberts, Edward, John W., Geo. W., Polly 
L, Elizabeth P., and Mahala. April 17, 1809. 

Wm. Allen, July 12, 1799; children; Betty, m. Bartley, Judy, m. Hall, 
*olly, m. Gregory, Ann. m. Gideon Rees, Jas., Wm. G., and Chas. C. Sept. 16, 




Samnel Ball, Aug. 16, 1751, speaks of his wife, Anna Catharina, and of 
his children, Wm., Margaret, Judith Haekley and Mary G-reen, and of his sons- 
in-law, Jno. Haekley and Robert Green. Nov. 22, 1751. 

William Banks, Mar. 2, 1808, speaks of Baylor and Tunstall, sons of Bay- 
lor Banks, of Wm. F., son of Richard Banks, Miss Jane Leigh, "sister" Eliza- 
beth R. Thornton, **brother" Tunstall Banks, ''aunt" Jane Voss, "sister" Anna 
Banks. Nov. 16, 1812. 

Jas. Barbour, • Feb. 23, 1775; children: Richard, Jas,, Thos., Philip, Am- 
brose, Betty; grandchildren: Jas. Boyd and Francis Smith. April 17, 1775. 

Sarah Barbour, May 19, 1781; children: Jas., Thos,, Philip; Ambrose, 
Mary, m. Harrison, Betty, m. Johnston; grandchildren: Mordecai, Thos. and 
Frances Barbour, Lucy Johnston, Lucy Todd, Sarah, Mary and Jas. .Barbour. 
Feb. 18, 1788. 

Leonard Barnes, May 1805. Children: Charles, Henry, Leonard, Raw- 
leigh, Clara, m. Partlow, Judith, m. Dulany, Polly,, m. Kirtley, Catherine, m. 
Hume, and another dau. who seems to have m. a Thompson Aug. 20, 1810. 

Jos. Belfield, Aug. 9, 1766; had nephew Belfield Cave; speaks, of his bro. 
Wm. Glass; his sister Elizabeth m. Benj. Cave. July 19, 1770. 

Charles Benson, Sept. 23, 1805. Children; James, John, . Agathy, m. 
Yancey,^ and a daughter who m. Richard BuUard. Had land on the "North 
River." Feb. 15, 1818. 

Jno. Blakey. Dec. 30, 1781; children: Jno., Churchill, Frances, ra. Bush, 
Martha, m. Morris, Sarah, m. Eddins, and Elizabeth, m. Daviss. Mar. 18, 1782. 

Wm. Bledsoe, Dec. 27, 1769; Mary; children were: Geo., Aaron, iiilie, ra. 
Geo. Wetherall, Mary, m. Ambrose Powell, Jno., Wm., Jas., Hannah, m. Cave, 
and Moses. Apr. 19, 1770. 

Elliott Bohannon, Apr. 1781; Ann; ch.: Ambrose, Mildred, m. Gaines, 
Mary, m. Herndon, Anne, m. Kirtley, Jno., and Elliott. May 21, 1781. 

Jno. Bond, Apr. 17, 1756; Mary; had dau. who married Benjamin Long, 
who had sons, Blpomfield ai^d John Bond Long. May 15, 1760. 

Joshua Botts^ estate was divided Jan. 1818. Had dau. Nancy, m. Jessee 
Nalle, and Susanna, m. and son Benjamin, who died leaving dau., Susanna, 
m. Triplett. Philip Harrison and John Minor were executors of Benj. Botts. 

Andrew Bourn, Aug. 22, 1788; Jane; children: Elizabeth, m. Hawkins 
Ann, m. Hawkins, Sarah, m. Piece, Jane, m. Hawkins, Frances, m. Reuben 
Newman, Judith, m. Zimmerman, Polly, Andrew and Wm. Jan. 18, 1790. 

Francis Brandum, Jan. 1, 1799; Mary. Children:, Wm., Jno., ESzekiel, 
Lucy, Rachall, Molly and Eleanor. 

Jacob A. Broil, Nov. 3, 1761; Catherine; children: Adam, Nicholas, Pe- 
ter, Michal, Matthias, Cyrus, Jacob, Jno., Zacharias, Mary, Catharine Way- 
land and Elizabeth Wilhoite. May 19, 1768. 

John Brown, Jan. 7, 1774; Elizabeth: Jno., Elizabeth, m. Dickersou^ 
Ann, Mary, Daniel, Coleman, Thos., Wm., and Richard. Nov. 20, 1780. 

John Brown, June 20, 1803. Mary. Had John, and Ann, m. Lightfoot. 
Sept. 21, 1807. 

Thos. Brown, Aug. 16, 1758, married Eleanor, the widow of Edward 
Stubblefield, and had one daughter, Eleanor; he speaks of his brothers, Dan- 
iel, Coleman and Wm., and of his niece, Elizabeth Fargeson. Dec. 21, 1758. 


Horace Buckner, Mar. 13, 1820; cli. Frances, Horace, Archibald, Otway, 
Ritchie, and Walker. Had bro. Geo. Buckner. Aug. 21, 1831. 

Richard Burdyne, July 2, 1761; Catherine; leaves to his son Reginald, a 
tract of land on the west side of the * 'ragged" Mountain, adjoining the lands 
of Dick and Bogle; to his son, Samuel, land adjoining Jno, and Martin Nalle, 
Wm. and Francis Gaines, and Capt. Wni. Brown; his two daughters, Hannah 
and Barbara, married Shotwell and Grissom; to his son, Nathaniel, a tract pf 
land on the north branch of the Rappahannock river, adjoining lands of Geo. 
Wm. Fairfax Esq., Capt. Robert Green, Capt. Cave and Edward Herndon; to 
his son, Jno., land on the north side of Robinson river, adjoining lands of Al- 
exander and Daniel Campbell, and Jas. Hurt; he directs that a cow and a calf 
be given to each of his sons on the day of their marriage. Oct. 15, 1761. 

Spencer Butler, July 20, 1818; ch. Thornton, Wm., Fielding, Willis, 
Landon, Joel, Dorcas, m. Duncan, Sally, m. Grimsley, Ann, m. Willey, and 
Polly, m. Miller. Sept. 21, 181H. 

Harmon Button, April 10, 1822; ch. John, Elias, Frederick, Hannah, m. 
Burrell, Luttrel, Martin, PoIlv,Wm.. and Jas.; Mav 20, 1820. 


Susanna Carter, wife of Thos. Carter; ch. Wm , Ijandon, Thos., Jas , 
Abner, Robt. and Jas. June 19, 1820. 

Lawrence Catlett; Mary; June. 30, 1782; children: Kemp, Thos., Geo., 
Mary, Sarah, Alice and Nancy. Sept. 16, 1782. 

John Cole, Jan. 5, 1757, children, Richard, John, Mary Ann, Martha, 
who m. Wm. ReynoJds; speaks of his pon-in-law, Jno. Morgan, who m. Alice 
Jan. 15, 1757. 

Margeret Conner, (widow), Mar. 4, 1744, witnessed by Mary Stokes, John 
and Judith Hackley, speaks of her children, Wm. Conner, Ann Kelley, Han- 
nah Wood, Elizabeth Lynch and Sarah Balynger. May 16, 1751. 

Wm. Corbin, Nov. 10, 1780; Sarah; children: Benj., Lewis, Wm., Isaiah, 
Caty, Jno., m. Thatcher, Ann, m. Andrew Grant, Marg^<ret, m. Walker. April 
17, 1797. 

Wm. Covington, Feb. 11, 1783; children: Eleanor, m. Robt. Hensley, 
Guzzel, m. Cooper, Elizabeth, and Robert. Had bro. Richard; Aug. 18, 1784. 

Thos. Covington, Dec. 5, 1756, who lived and owned property in tl^e 
town of Culpeper, had daughters, Ann, who m. Travers, and Sarah, who m. 
Tutt. Jan. 15, 1767. 

Christopher Crigler, Sept. 9, 1808; children: Elizabeth, m. Taylor, 
Wm., I^wis, et als. Mav 23, 1810. 


Birkett Davenport, Feb. 20, 1813. Had four grandchildren who were 
Birkett Davenport Thompson, Philip Roots Thompson, E|iza Fry, and Elea- 
nor Thornton; had dau. Elizabeth, m. Jameson. Sept. 16, 1817. 

Geo. Dillard, Mar. 2, 1790; children: Major, Ann, m. Robt. Freeman, Jno., 
Sam'l., Jas., Elizabeth, m. Chas. Duncan, and Sarah, m. Jno. Colvin. Sept. 
20, 1790, 

John Dillard, Dec. 30, 1797; Ann; Left property to Priscilla Bowman, 
Peggy Duncan, Ann Carter, Mary Duncan, Elizabeth Duncan, Sally James 
Duncan, Lucinda Duncan, daus. of his sister, Lizza Duncan, Priscilla Colvin, 
dau. of sister, Sarah Colvin, and to Elizabeth Latham Freeman, dau. of Heze 
kiah Freeman. Oct. 17, 1808. 


Win. Duncan, May 17, 1790; RoHanna; children: Wm., Jas., Frederick 
andBenj. Sept. 20, 1801. 

Wm. Duncan, Feb. 24, 1781; children: Chas., James, Rawley, Wm., Jno., 
Jos., and Anne, m. Roberts. Witnessed by Wm. Hughes, Wm. and Shadrack 
Browning. Oct. 15, 1781. 

Robt. R. Duncan, June 7, 1788; Ann; children, Robert, Chas., Sammy, 
Jos., John, GoUup or Gallup, Phillis, m. Jno. Barbee, who had dau. that 
m. Enoch Bradford, Ann, m. Thos. Pope, Mary, m. Jos. Hackley first, and 
Thos. Grinnan second, Rosey, m. Jas. Jett, Lavinia, m. Jno. Lightfoot. Oct. 
21, 1793. 

Jas. Duncan, Aug. 17, 1801; Mary; children; Sally, m. Yancy, Mary; Geo., 
Francis, Jos., Liney, m. Johnston, Lucy, m. Threlkeld, Elizabeth, in. Rout. 

James Duncan's estate was divided in August, 1819, Geo. Duncan, Jno. 
D. Browning and Bryant O'Bannon being the commissioners. He lived on 
Thornton river. His ch. were Lewis, Michael, James, Lucy, Wm., Hiram and 

Henry Duval, Mar. 11, 1810. Children, Ludy, m. Seal, Polly, m. Samuel, 
Daniel, Henry, Charlotte, m. Ball April 17, 1810. 

Daniel Duval, Aug. 30, 1819. Polly; ch. Wm., Jas., Isaac, Einely, Juliett 
Ann, and Thomas Albert; Nov. 15, 1819. 


Wm. Edgar, Feb. 14, 1763, had nieces, Susannah, who m. Wm. Jett, Sa- 
rah m. Allen Ranes. July 20, 1769. 

Jos. Early, Feb. 12, 1780; Jane; ch: Indiana, Paschal, Mary, Wm., White- 
field and Jos., to whom he left his lands in the "Couilty of Kentucky." Oct. 
20, 1783. 


Saml. Fargeson, 1772; ch. were Saml., Susannah, ra. Daniel, Ann, m. 
Francis Strother, and Lucy, m. Jno. Graves. May 10, 1772. 

Jno. Faver, Jul. 19, 1779; Isabel; children: Henrietta, m. Lewis Yancey, 
Wm., Jno., m. Ann, dau. of Thos. Covington and Jael, his wife. Mar. 18, 1783* 

John Fa vers, died in May 1789, left Rosanna, Isabella, Frances, John, 
and probably a dau. who m. John Apperson, who shares in the division of the 

Henry Field Jr., Mary. Nov. 7, 17^5; ch: Daniel, Henry, W^m. S., Dinah, 
Suze, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, Nancy, m. Delany, Geo., Jos., Thos., and Jno. 
Owned large lot of land in Kentucky. Oct. 15. 1787. 

Jno. Field, Aug. 21, 1774; Anna; ch: Elizabeth, m. Lawrence Slaughter, 
Jno., Mary, m. George Slaughter, Larkin, Anna; refers to the fact of his son; 
Ezekiel, being missing, and the **certainty of his being dead or alive not 
known," and leaves him much property in case he is found alive. May 15, 

Frederick Fishback, Sept. 20,1782; Eve; ch: Martin, Ann, m. Smith, Jno., 
Jacob, Elizabeth, m. Spilman, Catharine, ra. Atwood, Sarah, m. Button, Mary 
and Frederick. Oct. 21, 1782. 

Francis Fletcher, Mar. 25, 1781; m. Nanny, the dau. of Thos. Collins; 
eh.: Jenny, Jerry White, Ann White, Billey and Sukey. Aug. 20, 1781. 

John Foushee, April 15,1777; Aphia; lived on Cedar Run; children: Jno., 
Thornton, Geo., Chas., Jos., Wm., Elijah, Dan'l., Nancy, m. Jno., Tureman, 


Jemimab, HacQnah, Elizabeth aud Benj. June 21, 1779. 

Robert PlSBeman, May 13, 1793. Elizabeth. Children: Robert and a 
dau. m. Wm. Haynie. Dec. 22, 1807. 

Jno. Freeman, Mar. 19, 1800; wf. Sarah; children: Jno., Elizabeth, m. Fran- 
cis Miller, and Harris. Sept. 15, 1800. 

Robt. Freeman, July 31, 1811; ; children: Elizabeth, m. Collins, Priscilla, 
m. Hawkins, Robt., Geo.. Polly, Harriet. Sept. 16, 1811. 

Harris Freeman, July 25, 1821. Had nephews, Harris Read and French 
English, and niece, Elizabeth Ball. Aug. 20, 1821. 


Doratha Gaines, Ai^ril 24, 1786; children: Doratha, Susannah, m. Carter, 
Anne, m. Martin, Elizabeth, m. Yates, and Jas. June 19, 1786. 

Richard Gaines, July, 27, 1802. Children: Wm., Lucy, m. Botts, Row- 
land, Gemima, m. Speak, Benj., Nathaniel, Jos., Judith, m. Chancellor, Aune, 
m. Crigler, Jno. Cook Gaines, and Elizabeth, m. Thomas. Speaks of his grand- 
son, Travis Gaines. Feb. 18, 1805. 

Jas. Gaines, Oct. 10, 1805. Children: Melinda, Clarissa, Susanna, Mary 
Ann, Lucy, Francis, Wm. S., Thos., Horace, Fontaine, and Mortimer. His 
"friend," Philip Lightfoot, was his executor. Oct. 21, 1805. 

Richard Gaines, Feb. 4, 1807. Elizabeth. Children: Mary, m, Orr, Eliz- 
abeth, m. Clayton, Caty m. Rosson, Sally, m. Rucker, Richard; had grand- 
daughter, Polly Pendleton Gaines. Feb. 16, 1807. 

Wm. George, Apr. 4, 1781; ch: Mary Ann, m. Thos. Hoffer, Elizabeth m., 
Corder. Sept. 15, 1783. 

Jas. Gillison, Feb. 5, 1759, left all his property to his brothers, John and 

Archibald Gillison, of Caroline county. Aug. 21, 1760. 

Henry Green of Fauquier county, Sept. 6, 1782; had bros. Willis and 
Wm., sister, Eleanor Duff Green. His mother was Ann, Sept. 19, 1785. 

Ann Green, Sept. 20, 1804. Children: Ann, m. Poindexter, Eleanor, m. 
Marye, Elizabeth, m. Camp, Mary, m. Thomas, Milly, m. Stringer, Lucy Cole- 
man, m. Pinkard, Francis Wilhoite Green. Speaks of sister, Elizabeth Trip- 
lett. Oct. 15, 1804. 

Jas. Green, Dec 3, 1807. Elizabeth. Ch: Gabriel, Jas., Dolly, m. Far- 
row, Elizabeth, m. Peacocke, Jones, Robert, Augustine, John, Lucy, Mary 
Bohon Green. August 23, 1809. 

Wm. Grey's estate was divided Aug. 18, 1820; Wm., Wilson, Wal- 
ton, Henry, Rebecca, Adaline, John and Harriet Grey, and Lucyi who m. A. 

Thos. GriflBn, Feb. 9, 1781; Elizabeth; children: Zachariah. Elizabeth, m. 
Long, Mary, m. Peters and Anthony. Oct. 21, 1782. 

Henry Griffin, Jun. 25, 1807; Gracey; ch: Thomas, Edward, Elizabeth 
and Mary. Lived near **Capt. Green's Mill." Feb. 16, 1818. 


John Hackley, died in Oct. 1768; his four eldest daughters married Peter 
Taliaferro, Richard Hackley, Samuel Reeds and Jas. Jameson. 

John Hackley, Mar. 16, 1799; owned land in the ^'Western country." 
Speaks of his uncle, Wm. Ball, of his bros. in law, Thos. Jameson, m. Lucy 
Hackley, Sam'l. Reed, m. Sarah Hackley, Richard Hackley, m. Elizabeth 


Hackley, and of his sister, Ann Taliaferro, of his uncle and aunt Barrow, (rf 
his bro. Jas. Hackley, of Fanny Ball Long, dau. of Gabriel Long, and Fanny 
Ball Thomas, dau. of Edw. Ball Thomas, of Ky. June 15, 1801. 

Jacob Hanback, Nov. 1, 1785; Mary; children: Jno., Jacob, Wm., Susan- 
nah, Elizabeth, m. Jacob Coons, Mary, m. Henry Coons, and Catherine. Own- 
ed land adjoining Jac Coons, Harmon Young and Jos. Wayman. Deo. 19, 1785. 

Wm. Hansford, June 7, 1750, speaks of his daughter, Sarah Porter, who 
married Nicholas Porter, and had son, Benjamin, and of his sons, Wm., Salis, 
Chas., Jno., and his daughter Anne. -Oct. 17, 1754. 

Winifred Harford, May 28, 1807, had dau, who m. John Quaintance. 
Feb. 20, 1809. 

Mathew Hawkins, May 27, 1820; Betty; ch. Job, James, Rebecca, iii. 
Hawkins Popham, Betty, m. Humphrey Popham, Phebe, m, Thos. Popham, 
Sasanna, m. Benj. Duncan, Mary, m. Lightfoot,& John. Grandchildren were 
Samuel Hawkins, Clarisa, Sarah, Virinea, Melinda and Juiia Kilby. June 19, 


Saml. Henning, Nov. 13, 1770; Eleanor; children: Saml., Jas., Mary, wife 
of Lewis Stephens Jr., of Frederick county, Joanna, Nancy, Elenor, Sally, and 
David. July 18, 1774. 

John Hill, May 7, 1766; Betty; had daughter, Sarah, who m. Deforest. 
His sons were Chas., Jos. and Le Roy. Apr. 16, 1767. 

Richard Hill, Nov. 12, 18iil; lived on Hedgeman River; had sons in law, 
Jas. Lear and Jas. Burdette. 

William Hill, Jan. 25, 1809. Frances; children, Ann, m. Geo. Roberts, 
Russell, Armistead, Sally, Lucy, m. Nalle, Betsy, m. Daniel Brown, William, 
and Patsey, m. Colvin. April 20, 1812. 

Jas. Hoard, ])ec. 14, 1802; owned land in Spotsylvania; ch: Jas., Anne, 
m. Jas. Withers, Jane m. Thos. Brookes, Frances, m. Slaughter; testator m. 
dau. of Tenion Miller, of Spottsylvania. Dec. 17, 1803. 

Jno. Hoofman, Dec. 30, 17G2, wills his two bibles, in addition to hislarjre 
estate, to his ten sonn, ''the two eldest to take them the first year, and then 
deliver them to the two next until they have had them around, and beginning 
again with the eldest and so continue as long as the bibles shall last.^^ chil- 
dren were: Frederick, John, Nicholas, Michael, Jacob, Paul, William, George, 
Henry, Dilman, Margaret, Catherine, Elizabeth, and Mary. Aug. 17, 1772. 

Thos. Hopper, Jan. 25, 1803. Mary Ann. Children: Frances, m. Black- 
well, Jeniima, m. William Tapp, Elizabeth, m. Vincent Tapp. Speaks of his 
grandson Wm. Coons, whom he appoints as one ot his executors. Nov. 20, 

Dr. Thos. Howison, Mar. 2, 1769; Betty; had bros. Jno. and Wm. who 
lived near Alloa in North Britain; another bro. was Robt. Howison. Owned 
land on Blue Ridge adjoining Col. Fitzhugh. Left a daughter. Jun. 16, 1769. 

Henry Huffman, Apr. 5, 1767; Margaret; children: Tiimau, Jno., Henry, 
Jos., Hermon, Elizabeth, m. Jno. Young, Catherine, Mary, Alice, Susannah 
and Eve. Sept. 6, 1783. 

Jas. Hurt, Mar. 28, 1785; Sarah; children: Wm., Frances, m. Grayson, 
Anna, m. Acra Berry, Mary, m. Berry, and Sarah, m. Yowell. Jun. 15, 1789. 


James Jeffries, June 29, 1805; children: Molly, m. McCoy, Lydda, Sally, 
Susanna, ra. Hansbrough, Thos., Selah, m. Mason, Elizabeth, ra. Yancey, Jno., 

ames, Thomas and Alexander. Dec. 16, 1805. 

Jno. Jett, • May 6, 1763; children were Stephen, Jas., Jno., Wm., Eliza* 
eth, m Roach, Margaret, m. Butler, and Mary, m. Tapp. Nov. 18, 1771. 

Wm. Jett, Jul. 25, 1799; Susanna; children: Edgar, Milly, m. Wm. Jett, 
[oily, m. Wm. William8,(and had Geo., Urban, Ezra and Tephamah,) Marga- 
3t, m. Jas. Withers Downey,(and had Jane, Edgar and Wm. Jett,) Betsy, m. 
7m. Whitehead, Phebe, m. Jas. Withers Doores, Matthew, Anne, Susannah, 
nd Dicey. Sept. 25, 1801. 

John Jett,- Nov. 21, 1802. Children: Wm., Stephen, Jas., Jos., Ninunt, 
nn. m. Churchman. Elizabeth, m. Canady, Sarah, m. Hopper, and Abigail, 
I. Arnold. April 18, 1808. 

David Jones, Feb. 2, 1751, speaks of his sister Mary Morris and of his 
ro. in law, Thos. Morris, Apl. 16, 1752. 

Gabriel Jones, Sept. 3, 1776; Martha; children: Ann, Robt., Gabriel, 
'ranees, m. Slaughter, and Mary. Testator m. Martha, dau. of Mrs. Ann Wal- 
>r; had four sisters; Lucy Poindexter, Betty Green, Jane Gray and Dorothy 
ohnston. His widow m. Wm. Broaddus. OcA, 21, 1777. 

Mary Jones, Aug. 27, 1807. Children: Ann, m. Boughan, Mary, m. Mc- 
rath, Lucy, m. Thornhill, and Thomas? Feb, 17, 1812. 

Thos, Jordan, June 19, 1809. Children: Mary, Rachel, Marshall, Geo., 
ic, Wm., Absolam, Sarah, m. Corley, Frances, m. Hand, and Ann, m. Geo. 
3hnston. Aug. 21, 1809. 


Michael KaflTer, Dec. 28, 1762, had daughters, Elizabeth, m. Adam Garr, 
arbara, m. Jno. Weaver, Mary, m. Geo. Utz, Margaret, m. Nicholas Crighter, 
ad Doratha, m. Jno. Clore. Nov. 17, 1768. 

Francis Kirtley, Nov. 22, 1762, had daughters who m. Cowherd and 
ollins. Mar. 1, 1763. 

Samuel Kennerly, Sept. 22, 1749; Eleanor; children: Thos., Jirt., Eliza- 
Bth, Coleman, CraflTron Strother, Samuel, Margaret Ruddal, and Ann Nams- 
>y. Had land adjoining Thornton, Covington and Jno. Strother. Jan. 10, 

Elin Kennerly, Oct. 28, 1753; children^ Thomas, Elizabeth, who married 
Tnx, Coleman, James, and Katherine, who married Jeremy Strother. Sept. 
J, 1756. 

Wm. Knox, Feb. 6, 1805. Susannah. Children: Thos. Fitzhugh, Janet 
omerville, m. Voss, Susannah Fitzhugh, m. Gordon; unmarried daughters 
ere Sarah Stewart, Caroline, Anne Campbell, and Agnes. Other sons were 
/'illiam Alexander and John Somerville. April 22, 1806. 


Thos. Latham, Mar. 6, 1778; wf. Caroline. Children: Henry, Anne, m. 
as. Gaines, and Sukey. Jan. 18, 1796. 

Frances Latham, Oct. 28, 1789; children: Susannah, m. Thos. Freeman, 
'ranees, m. Lynfield Sharpe, Robert, George and Philip. Jan. 18, 1790. 

Paul Leatherer, Nov. 5, 1780; wf. Margaret; children: Michael, Nicholas, 
amuel, Jno., Paul, Joshua, Susannah, Margaret, and Mary, m. Jno. Towell. 
rov. 21, 1785. 

Goodrich Lightfoot, Apr. 24. 1778; children; Elizabeth, m. James, Ann, 
1. Grasty, Mary, m. Hubbard, Fanny, m. Hackley, Susanna, m. Brooks, Jno,, 
^hiUips, Priscilla, Martha; had four unmarried children, June 15, 1778. 

Robert Lines, Jan. 16, 1749; Margaret; had several daughters who m. 


Garrat, Carter, Foote, and Howell. Feb. 15, 1749. 

Reuben Long, Dec. 29, 1791; wf. Mary. Children: Gabriel, Evans, An- 
derson, Nimrod, Fanny, m. Daniel Richardson, Peggie, m. Robert Kay, Polly, 
' m. John Nash. June 18, 1793. 


Mary Major, Aug. 33, 1809, Children: Wm., Mary, m. Richard Payne. 
Sept. 18, ia09. 

Elizabeth Marshall, Apr. 17, 1779; children: Thos., Wm., Jno.. Mary, m. 
'McClanahan, Markham, Margaret, m. Snelling; grandchildren: Thos. Smith 
and Wm. Lovell. May 17, 1779. 

John Matthew, June 19, 1800. Children; Nancy, Polly, and Caty, all of 
whom m. a Shackelford. Jan. 1810. 

Frances Mauzy; Dec. 30, 1816. Ch: Anne, m. Nalle, Susan, m. Triplett, 
having several daus. and two sous, Wm. H., and Joshua B. Triplett. Jan. 19, 


Chas. Morgan, Feb. 3, 1782; children: Ann, m. Wright, and Milly, m. 
Cornelius. Speaks of his son in-law, Bryant Thornhill, Feb. 18, 1782. 


Martin Nalle, Mar. 14, 1780, left his estate to his brothers, Richard, Jno., 
Francis and Jas. Nov. 20, 1780. 

Jno. Nalle, Sept. 16, 1780: children: Richard, Jno., Wm,, Francis, Jaa., 
Agatha, m. Russell Hill, Mary, m. Sims, Ann, m. Burke, Gressel, m. Parker, 
Amie, m. Wm, Morris, Elizabeth, m. Sims, and Marliin, whose whereabouts 
were not known. Aug. 19, 1782. 

Martin Nalle, Mar. 9, 1783; wf. Isabel; children: Wm., Martin, Ann, 
Rachel, Winny, Clary, and Milly. Caty Sparks, dau. of Humphrey Sparks, was 
his gran. dau. Sept. 15, 1788 

Richard Nalle, Dec. 7, 1785: wf. Judah; childrenr Susannah, m. Bnrk. 
Was bro. of Francis Nalle. Dec. 18, 1786. 

Bazel Nooe, Sept. 3, 1803. Sx)eaks of brother, Zachiniah, sister, Sarah 

Watson, and his nephew, James Slaughter. April 17, 1809. 

Courtney Norman, Mar. 11, 1770; Mary; dau. Amey, m. Murphy; sons 
were Jno., Courtney, Reuben, Benj., Wm. and Ezekiel. Aug. 20, 1770. 

Jos. Norman, Nov. 20, 1783; wf. Sarah; children: Thos., Jno., Win., Jas.. 
Isaac, Mary, m. Dillard. Winifred, m. Bywaters, Peggy, m. Calvert. Fanny 
and Kisiah. Feb. 16, 1784. 

Roger Oxford, Mar. 10, 1758, Margaret; had daughters, Hannah, who 
married Morgan, and Mary who married Brown. Mar. 15, 1759. 

Thos. Oxford, Nov. 11, 1781; Elizabeth; children: Molley, m. Augustine 
Jennings. Apr. 15, 1782. 


It appears from the records that Sarah, the widow of Wm. Pannill, mar- 
ried Wm. Strother. 

Richard Parks, Mar. 2, 1817, Anne. Had seven children, among them 
being Jas., Gabriel, Peggy, m. Nalle and left children. Aug. 18, 1817. 

Jas. Bendleton, * Aug. 12, 1793; wf. Catherine; children: Catl^tt, Jas. Bow- 
ie, Thos., Wm., Elizabeth, m. Jno. Pendleton, Ann, m. Wm. C. Brown, Peggyi 
m. Slaughter. Oct, 21, 1793. 


Ann Pendleton," Feb. 25, 1804. Speaks of her j^rand daughters, Harnett, 
Juliette and Caroline Grreen. Had Henry, Edmund, and Frances, lu. Ward. 
July 16, 1804. 

Wm. Peyton, July 7, 1771; children were Wm., Chas., Jno., Benj., Ann, 
m. Stone, Mary, m. Smith, Judith, m. Allen, and Susannah, m. Perfect. Oct. 
21, 1771. 

Jno. Pickett, July 9, 1803. Hannah. Children: John, Wm., Caty, m. 
Hume, Elizabeth, m. Settle, Polly, m. James, Sallj', Judith, Nancy, Hannah 
and Lucy. Owned land in Ky. Sept. 17, 1803. 

Benj. Powell, 1708, children: Benjamin, Jas., Wm., Sarah, Ann and Bet- 
ty Munford. Had brother Ambrose, and brother-in-law, Geo. Wetheral. 
Feb. 10, 1709. 

Ambrose Powell, Jan. 0, 1782; wf. Mary: children : Robert, Wm., Anne, 
m. Henry Hill, Fanny, m. Sutton (children were John, Mary and Bledsoe.) 
Devised *' warrant for 2,000 acres of land as an officer in the last war." Oct. 20, 


Jane Pritchard, July 14, 1781; children: Isabella, wife of John Hill, Eliz- 
abeth, m. Page, Sarah, m. Cook, Ann, m. Treany. Aug. 20, 1781. 


DarVjy Quinn, Dec. 21, 1754, Son, Richard, and dau., Elizabeth, who m. 
a Bruce. Sept. 16, 1756, 


John Read, Aup:. 17, 1755, Winifred, had dau. Mary who m. Jos. Nor- 
raan, Elizabeth, who m. Stephen JTett, and Ann, whom. Hugh Freeman. Sept. 

Jno. Read, Sept. 21, 1819. ch. Samuel, Elizabeth, m. Carter, Mary m. 
Hufm«»n, Griffin, Tabitha, m. Chewning, Rebekah, m. Freeman, Theophilus, 
Robert Coleman, and Ann, m. Robson. June 19, 1820. 

Martha Richards, June 7, 1805; children: Thos., Ann, m. Wm. Robinson, 
Rebecca, Lucy, Richard, Martha and Elizabeth. Dec. 16, 1805. 

Richard Rixey, June 25. 1808. Elizabeth; Children: John, Richard, 
Samuel, Presley, Charles, Wm., and dau. who m. Chancellor. Sept. 19, 1808. 

John Rixey, Sept. 9, 1820. Elizabeth. Ch: Elizabeth, m. Francis Far- 
geson, Jane m. Chas. Jones, Frances, Richard and Kitty; witnessed by Sam'L, 
Presley and Wm. Rixey, and Benj. Fargeson. Other ch. Clias., Wm., John, 
Presley and Samuel. Oct. 16, 1820. 

Benj. Roberts, Feb. 14, 1782; children: Benj., Jos., Hannah, m. Dan'l. 
Field, Mary, m. Dulany, and Anne, m. Field. Mar. 18, 1782 

Wm. Robertson, July 24, 1794; ch: Wm. and Elizabeth; speaks of his 
grandson, Andrew Bourn as living in his family. Apr. 20, 1801. 

Wm. Roebuck, Oct. 30, 1780; Mary children; Rawleigh, Elizabeth, Millie 
and Lucy. Jan. 21, 1781. 

Jerome Rosson, Mar. 2, 1794; children: Wm., Jos., Jas., Reuben, Daniel, 
Lucy, m. Jas. Butler, Susannah, m. Jno. King, and Ann, Sept. 19, 1796. 

Sarah Russel, widow, Apr. 20, 1756, speaks of her daughters, Sarah, Eliz- 
abeth and Mary, who respectively married Read, Roberts and Wright. Oct. 
20, 1757. 


Jno. Sanford, April 10, 1804. Betsy. Children : Alexander, John, 


Fanny Murphy, Julia Horner, Bettiy and Kitty. July 17, 1809. 

Jno. Sanders, Noy. 2, 1818 Ch: Isabella, Mildred, Nathaniel, Mary, m. 
Sims, Wm., Elizabeth, m. Sims, Robt., and James. Lived near Stone House 
Mountain. Jan. 18, 1819. 

Anthony Scott, Jan. 7, 1754, Jane; had children, Thos., Frances, who 
married Abraham Cooper, Elizabeth, who m. Rawley Corbin, and Ann, who 
m. Burk. May 17, 1764. 

John Simpson, July 3, 1776; Elizabeth; children: Wm. Jas., Alexander, 
Jno., Anne, Elizabeth, m. Berry; Mary, m. Burke, Eleanor, m. Booton, and 
Jane. Dec. 16, 1776. 

Richard Sims, April 16, 1809. Mary. Children: Robert Terrill Sims, 
Richard Miclin, Edmund, Joseph T., Henry, Sally Butler, Avel Collins, Nancy 
Tucker, and Mary Foster Sims. June 19, 1809. 

Robt. Slaughter, Nov. 3, 1769; Mary; children were: Robt., Thos., Wm.. 
Jas., Francis, Lawrence, Geo., Susannah, m. Lightfoot. Dec. 21, 1769. 

Francis Slaughter, Sept. 2, 1705, had daughters, Frances, who m. a Ball, 
His sons were Francis, Reuben, John and Cadwallader. May, 1766. 

Wm. Smith, July 29, 1811. Children: James, Wm., Winney, who was 
married, Leana, Laura, m. Cooper. Sept. 16, 1811. 

Wm. K. S[)ilman, May 15. 1819. Had bros. John and Conway, nephew, 
John A. Spilman, and niece, Elizabeth Frances Armstrong. May 19, 1810. 

Walter Stallard, July 13, 1803. Hannah. Children: Eliza, m. Ca vender, 
David, Samuel, Walter, Randolph, Peggy, m. Clore, Rachael, m. Luttrell, 
Mary Ann, m. Scott, Fanny, m. Shumate. Apr. 20, 1807. 

Diana Stanton, dau. of Henry Field Sr., Sept. 26, 1794. Children: Wil- 
liam and a daughter, who m. a Slaughter, having son, Stanton Slaughter. 
Dec. 16, 1811. 

Edward Stevens (Gen. Stevens) June 1, 1820. Gilly. Had daughter in 
law, Polly (wife of John Stevens, who d. before his father). Left Kentucky 
land to James Scanland, Wm. Edmondson, Richard Chandler, Mr. Bland (who 
m. Nancy Edmundson), Edward Evans, James Edmondson, Betsy Emery, (late 
Betsy Edmondson) and Jno. Edmondson; Had sister Patty, who m. Edmond- 
son. Aug. 24, 1820. 

Jas. Stevenson, who m. Frances Arnott. Feb. 24, 1805. Cliildren. Rob- 
ert, Sarah, m. Woodville, Jas., Carter and Andrew, Oct. 16, 1809. 

Wm. Steward, Dec. 13, 1802. Elizabeth. Children: Charles, Joseph, 
Humphrey, John, Elizabeth, Lucy, Sarah, m. Smith, and Grannan (a daugfht- 
er). Owned land in King George county. Speaks of land he bought of Capt. 
Jas. Thomas, Pliilip Slaughter and Robt. Patton. Dec. 17, 1804. 

Francis Strother, Apr. 17, 1751, Speaks of his wife Susanna, and of his 
children, John, George, Anthony, Frances, Robert, Mary, Behethaland, Eliz- 
abeth and Susanna. He refers to his failure to getfrom Lord Fairfax's office 
a deed for land which he had purchased and afterwards sold to John Minor. 
xVpr. 10, 1752. 

James Strother, who was dead on the 10th of December. 1761, left chil- 
dren: French, James, and Mary, who married George Gray. 

Geo. Strother, June 20, 1767, Mary, leaves 100 acres on Ken nerly's Moun- 
tain to his daughter, Margaret, directs land on Little Pass mountain to be sold. 
John and George were his sons. Aug. 20, 1767. 


Jno. Strother, Mar. 29, 1795; wf. Mary; children: Ann, m. Strother, Su- 
sanna, m. Lawlor, Mary, m. Browning, Lucy. m. Covington, Elizabeth, m. 
Browning, Mildred, m. Covington, John, Jos., Sarah, m. Hughes. Apr. 20, 

Robt. Stuart, May 14, 1770; wf. Mary; children: Lucy, m. Pulliaiu, Nan- 
jy, m. Strother, and Robert. Sept. 21, 1789. 

Edward Stubblefield, Oct. 19, 1750; Elener; Lewis Davis Yancey was his 
>rother-in-law; his widow in. Thos. Brown. Mar. 21, 1 750. 


Harry Taliaferro, Jan. 1, 1803; Elizabeth. Children were John, Harry, 
Jndsey, Caty, Judith, Lucy, and Melinda. Sept. 19, 18o3. 

Martha Tannahill, Mar. 19, 1831. Ch. Wm., Nancy, Keziah, Geo., Eliza- 
)eth, m. Lewis Moore, Marip-nn, m. Baker, and two daus. who in. Wm. Carter 
md Anson Bearing. Mar. 19, 1821. 

Wm. Tapp, June 27, 1780; wf. Christian; children: Vincent, Ann, m. 
Fno. Cunningham, Alice, m. Jno. Graham, Elizabeth, m. Green, Sarah m. Jno. 
ett, Wm., Lewis, and Mary, m. Yates. Jan. 27, 1791. 

Massey Thomas, who was dead in Aug. 1776, had wife Elizabeth, ch. 
^no., Wm., Reuben, Massey, Jebsee and Susannah. 

Jno. Thomas, Apr. 29, 1782; children: Benj., Jno., Wm., Massey, Marga- 
et, in. Robert McKey, Sarah m. Wm. Powell, and Ann, m. Jeremiah Kirk, 
"eb. 21, 1785. 

Geo. Thompson, Catherine; July 11, 1755; had children, Elizabeth, who 
Qarried Henderson, Winnifred, Geo., Jno., and David. Aug. 16, 1764. 

Constance Major, Nov. 6, 1764, speaks of his grandson, Philip Major, 
^ho was the son of Samuel, her son, John, and her daughters, Jane, who m. 
x>ggin8, and Precilla, who m. George Dillard. Apr. 18, 1765. 

Jno. Thompson, Feb. 8, 1771; chil. were Wm.^ Jno., Phillip Roots, Ann, m. 
Francis Thornton, and Mildred had sister Ann iNeilson. Nov. 16, 1772. 

Bryant Thornhill, Dec. 8, 1779; Thomson; children: Jos., John, -Reuben, 
Vm., Bryant, and Elizabeth. Apr. 17, 1780. 

Geo. A. Thornton, Nov. 30, 1818, a physician of Alexandria, speaks of 
lis wife ^'Frances G. Thornton," of his kinsmen, AylettHawes, Geo. Washing- 
on Thornton, and Stewart G. Thornton. 

Stokley Towles, Jan. 15, 1757, speaks of his children, Joseph, Henry, 
fary and John; also of having sent to Liverpool for goods by Capt. Gayworth. 
)ec. 15, 1757. 

Jas. Ttttt, Jan. 20, 1786; wf. Ann. Children: Benj., Mille, m. Lynch, 
Elizabeth, m. Sanders, Richard, Mary, m. Tutt, Lewis, Gabriel, Hansford, and 
^nn, m. Paul Williams. Sept. 21, 1789. 

Jno. Tutt, May 8, 1812. Children. Benjamin, Jno., Elizabeth, m. Tal- 
aferro, Gabriel, Nancy, m. Taliaferro, Philip, Richard Johnston. June 15, 


Geo. Utz, June 28, 1753. had daughters, Margaret, Barbaba, who m. 
31akenbaker. His sons were Geo. and Michael; lived on Robinson river. Aug. 
!1, 1766. 


Robert B. Voss, of ''*Mountain Prospect, (^ulpei)er county.'' July 12, 


1811. Children: Susan F., Benjamin F., Robert 8., and Wm. Bdward. Oct. 
21, 1811. Samuel Gordon, of Falmouth, executor. 


Thos. Wallace, Jan. 1814. Owned land in Madieon county, Kentucky 
and Ohio. Had James, Caroline et als. Had nephew, G. B. Wallace, and 
bro. John Wallace. Sept. 21, 1818. 

Edward Watkins, Jan. 6, 1787; wf. Sarah ; his nieces were Sarah Wat- 
kins Cowne, Elizabeth Tutt, and nephew, James Broaddus. Sept. 17, 1787. 

Thos. Watts, Jan. 25, 1760,Eliza; speaks of his bro. Wm. Watts, his sons 
Richard and Wm. Watts, and his dau. Elinor Cox. Apr. 13, 1768. 

Joel Watts, July 17, 1781; Isabel; Ch: Lettie m. Brown, Barbara, m. 
Thomas, Joauna, m. Stewart, Frederick. Aug:. 20, 1781. 

Peter Weaver, Mar. 27, 1763, Elizabeth; had daughters, Mar^^n^t, Barba* 
ry, who m. Carpenter, Catharina and Hannah, Aug. 18, 1763. 

Jas. Whitehead, Sept. 23, 1806, Margaret. Children: John, Sarah, m. 
MoGuinn, Jas., Nelson, Frances, William and Margaret, m. Daniel Daval. 
Oct. 20, 1806. 

Michael Wilhoite, Ang. 10, 1803. Children: Elizabeth, m. Spicer, Ga- 
briel, Jas., Michael, Agnes, m. Coginhill, Frances, m. Lucas, Ann, m. Haw- 
Kins, Sarah, m. Green. Jtily 16, 1804. 


Nicholas Yager, Sept. 12, 1779; Susanna; children: Nicholas, Frederick, 
Cornelius, Beggee, Rosanna and Susanna, (twins), Absolam. Benj., Elijah, and 
Jessee. Aug. 20, 1781. 

Lewis Davis Yancey, Apr. 17, 1778; wf. Winifred. Children; Chas., Lew- 
is, Richard, John Philemon, Ann, m. Nalle, Winifred, m. Nalle, Jas. and Rob- 
ert. Apr. 22, 1788. 

Chas. Yancey, Mar. 10, 1805. Elizabeth. Children: Ann, m. Doggett, 
William, Thomas, Keziah, m. Freeman, and Major; had grandson, J Chas. Lee 
Yancey. Apr. 15, 1805. 

Geo. Yates, Mar. 13, 1788; wf. Mary. Children: Laurence Catlett; was 
bro. in law of Kemp Catlett, and a grandson of Heo Yates, of Caroline county. 
June 16, 1788. 

NoTK: See will of Constance Major in the Ts, which was put there by mis- 

[Note: The year of marriage only is given. From 1781 to 1825.] 

Jno. Abbot, m. Eliz. Heaton, 1805; Jno. Abel, m. Frances Fennell, 1785; 

Thos. Adams m. Anne Houton, 1797; Thos. Adams m. Anne Houton, 1796; 

Jno. Adams m, Marg. Calvert, 1794; Ephraim Adams m. Mary Moore, 1830; 

Am. Adkins,Frankie Marrifield, 1784; Jno. Adle m. Nancy Yates, 1808; 

Wm. Alexander, Frankie Rucker '82; Jas. Aines m. Winnie McGuinn, '95; 

Wes Allen m. Susannah Gaines, 1800; Jas. Allen m. Mary Hunt, 1792; 

Jas. Allen m. Bettie Chilton, 1799; Jas. Allen m. Sarah Chapman, 1788; 

Churchhill Allen m. Peg. Walden '14; Newman Allen m. Peggie White 1812; 

Benj. Allan m. Eliz. Caul 1815; Newman Allen, Mary A.Brown, 1819; 

Presley Allen m. Nancy Walden 1817; Jas. Allen m. Eliza C. White, 1806; 

Jno. Almand m. Jane Bingham, 1814; P. Amiss m. Anne Tapp, Feb. 22, 1786; 

Philip Amiss, Anne Tapp Sept. 4 '86; Jas. Amiss m. Nancy Dennis 1815; 


Anderson^Annie Underwood/88; Jno. Anderson m. Lucy Sutton, '86; 

h Anderson, Eliz. Richerson, '92; Geo. Anderson m. Berkley Clarke, '89; 

and Anderson, Fannie Turner '16 Jno. Anderson in. Nancy Little, '00; 

h Anderson m. Mary Priest 1804; Thos. Antram m. Esther Sharp 1799 ; 

n Antram, Charlotte Kinpr, 1799; Geo. Apperson m. Mary S. Yancey '19; 

Appleby m. Mary Lonf< 1793; Ed. Archer m. Susannah Pener 1788; 

er Ashby, Dorathea Green '20; Thompson Ashby, Anne L. Menefee '08; 

Ashby, Wilhimina Strother, '05; Wm. Asher m. Eliz. Sharp 1797; 

Asher, Betsey Burbridpre 1802; Waller R. Asher, Eliza Shannon 1805; 

. Askins m. Lucy Settle 1802; Wm. Askins m. Catherine Jones 1793. 

Athe m. Dorcas Cullen 1785; Elias Atkins m. Eliz. Atkens 1816; 

cer Atkins, Mildred Brandam '18; Cornelius Austin m. Eleanor Butler '92 ; 

. Aylor m. Sarah Boughhorn '95; Lewis Aylor m. Nancy Creel 1810. 


Bachelderm. Sarah Pup 1799; Jno. Bailey m. Alice Patton 1802; 
Bainesm. Frances Thompson '91; Jacob Baker m. Lydia Trimble 1799; 
b Baker m. Eliza Lawrence 1819; Archibald Baker m. Eliz. Massie 1819; 
p Baker, Kittie Lawrence 1820; Philip Baker m. Catherine Baker '21; 

non Baker, B Herrington,'21; Jos. Balden m. Betsey Dillard '03; 

• Balden m. Amy Smith, 1815; Jno. BaU m. Pollie Gibbs, 1792. 

Ball m. Anne Dillen, 1799; Sam'l Ball m. Anne Thud, 1807; 

8 Ballance m. Joyce Green, 1796; Larkln Ballard m. Eliz. Gaines, 1786; 

is Ballard m. Esther Gaines, 1781; Johnson Ballard, Bettie Eastham, 1791; 

Ballengrer m. Eliz. Hughes 1806; Jno. Ballesum. Anne Cooke, 1791: 
Balwick, Elizabeth Bryan, 1817; Jessee Banley m. Ellen Bosan, 1822, 
. Banner, Frances Brown, 1795; Wm. Barbee m. Fannie Curtis, 1808; 

Barbour m. Eliz. White, 1796; Jno. Barker m. Anne Swindler, 1793; 
Barker m. Hannah Boon, 1789; Joshua Barler m. Rhode Thomas, 1789; 
•aim Barlow m. A. Carter, 1789;. Zach. Barner m. G. Roberts, 1797; 
in Barnes m. Rhode Sampson '87; Shadrach Barnes , Fran. Mozingo 1786; 
Barnes m. Polly Hill, 1792; Wm. Barnes m. Eliz. Marshall, 1790; 

. Barnes, Eleanor Stapleman, '94; Rich. Barnett Sarah Utterback; 1794; 

Barnett, Ruthy Magruder, 1795; Wm. Barnett m. Sarah Matthews,'97; 

Barnett, Cath. Vass or Voss; Wm. Barron m. Lucy Stwentiman '91; 

Bartlettm. Mary Brown, 1819; Jno. Basye m. Catherine Basye,1793; 
•y Basye m. Eliz. James, 1786; Edmund Basye m. Caty Thomas, 1808; 

Bates Sr., Mary Harris, 1781; Wm. Bates Jr. m. Eliz. Harris, 1781; 

Batson m. Aggie Lawrence, 1820; Abraham Baughan, Mary Weaver, '97; 
lecai Baughn,Mary Tineman,1801; Moses Baughan m. Sarah Yowell, '12; 
)r Baughan, Priscilla Hume, 1817; Jno. Bayless m. Fannie Porter, 1809; 

Bayley m. Catharine Smith Jno. Bayne m. Sarah .Hawkins, 1793; 

•y Bazel m. Lucy Brandon Geo. Beale m.. Susannah Brooke, 1817. 

Bean m. Nancy Petty, 1788; Osborn Beatty m. Anne Willis, 1819; 

Beckham m. Rebecca Gray. 1813; Jno. Beem m. Nancy Bowen, 1818; 

Beam m. Patsy Partlow, 1815; Wm. Bennett, Sarah Clatterbuck, 1786; 

Bennett m. Patty Carder, 1792; Geo. Bennett m. Mary Holloway, '99; 

Bennett m. Caty Carder, 1800; Geo. Bennett m. Peggy Dodson 

>e Berry m. Anna Miller, 1790; Simpson Berry, Jemima Jennett, 1790; 

Berry, Jemima Weakley, 1798. Wm. Brooks m. Fannie Lloyd, 1792 
lony Berry m. Peggy Ward, 1797; Wm. Berry m. Lucy Berry, 1807 ; 
)en Berry, Millie Reusens, 1815 ; Jno. Bigbee m. Sallie Wheatley, 1799 ; 
3. Biofey m. Clara Horton, 1804 ; Thos. Bingham m. Nancy Norman,1793; 


Josiah Bishop, Susannah Inskeep, '84; Thos. Bishop m. Eliz. Morris, 1794 ; 
Jno. Bishop ui. Anne Stokes, 1798 ; Jonathan Bishop, Nancy Kobler, 1805 ; 
Churchhill Blakey, Mary Clark, 1781; Jos.Blackwell m. Frances Hopper,1798; 

Wm. Blackwell,Rach. Tompkins; Jas. Blair m. Eleanor Vaughan, 1784; 

Wm. Blakey m. Polly Gaines, 1799 ; Wm. Blair m. Polly McQueen, 1810 ; 
Jas. Blake m. Sarah Asher, 1808 ; Jno. Blake m. Lucy Atkins, 1809 ; 

Jas. Blankenbaker, Eliz. Carpenter, '90; Jac. Blankenbaker m. Han. Weaver,'91 
S. Blankenbaker, Charl. Leatherer, '91 ; Jas. Bledsoe m Judith Ward, '85; 
Thos. Bohannan, Frances Dicken, '89; Joel Boiling m. Anne Ghaines, 1792; 
Wm. Bonnifield, Eliz. Wilson, 1792 ; Jno. Booker m. Kitty Taliaferro, 1804. 
Jno. Booton m. Frances Clarke, 1786 ; Wm. Botts m. Anne Gaines, 1791; 
Jos. B. Botts m. Nancy Fristoe, 1796 ; Henry Baughan m. Eliz. Walle, 1793; 
Francis Bowen m. Millie Yates, 1783 ; Jos. Bo wen m. Nannie Gibson, 1797 ; 
Jas. Bowen m. Anne Foushee, 1814; Jas. Bowen m. AmeliaPollard, 1815; 
Peter B. Bowen, Sarah Fishback, 1815; Jos. Bowen m. Sarah Nalle, 1316 ; 
Wm. Bowen m. Polly Partlow, 1815; Jessee Bowlin m. Nancy Kelly, 1788 ; 
Geo. Bowlin m. Eliz. Priest, 1810; Henry Bowyer, Rebecca Bennett, 1810; 

Wm. Barford m. Nancy Fry, 1806; Sam. K. Bradford, Emily Slauj<hter,'16 ; 

Aug. Bradley m. Frankie Hurt, 1783 ; Aug. Bradley m. Polly Lillard, 1805; 
Abso. Bradley , Rebec. Rambottom,'24; Jno. Bradley, m. Rosamond Botts '99; 
Ben. Bragg, Polly Twentiman, 1735; Gabe Bra?2r, m. Polly Estes 1800; 
Ezek. Bragg, m. Nancy Estes 1803; Evans Bragg,m.Polly Hudson 1809; 
Thos. Bragg, m. Eliz. Jones 1816 ; Jno. Branham m. Sallie Boswell,1739; 
Wm. Branham m. Eliz. Yates, 1784; Jas. Branham m.Bettie Doggett, 1784; 
Jas. Branham, Marg. Lindsey, 1806; Nimrod Branham, Peggy Marshall, '97; 
Rich. Branham, Marg. Threlkeld,'98; Reub. Branham m. Becca Farley,'98; 
Dan. Brannan, Eliz. Canady, 1806; Vinson Branson m. Anna Dodson,1807 ; 
Jas. Brany, Charity Humphrey, 1808; Wm. Breedline m. Marg. Wright, '02 ; 
Ananias Breedwell m.Celey Daniel,'93; Cuthbert Breedwell m. Mary Hilton,'98; 
Jas. Briant m. Susannah Jollett, 1782 ; Jas. Bright m. Dinah Johnston, 1797 ; 
Jno. Britton m. Polly Bragg, 1815 ; Thos. Broadus, Susannah White, 1792; 
Wm. Brooke m. Fannie Loyd, 1792; Armistead Brown, Peggy Collins, 1792 ; 
Garfield Brown m. Nancy Long, 1784 ; Ezekiel Brown m. Sarah Long, 1786; 
Jas. Brown m. Eliz. Gore, 1788; Dan. Brown m. Peggy Covington,1794 ; 

Wm. Brown m. Lucy Campbell, 1786; Jno. Brown m. Phoebe Brown, 1787 ; 
Thos. Brown,Elean()r Weatheral,1798 ; Chas. Brown m. Nanny Hall, 1794; 
Jno. Brown, m. Polly Norman, 1795 ; Henry P. Brown m. Hannah Butler,'99; 
Jas. Brown , Sukey Zimmerman, 1791; Nich. Brown m. Nancy Cardwell, 1799; 

Wm. Brown m. Mary C , 1797; Evans Brown,Mary Anne William9,1803 

Braxton Brown m. Lucy Carder, 1804 ; Jas. Brown m. Sallie Jett, 1803; 
Dan. Brown, Penelcpe Collins, 1809 ;. Wm. Brown m. Mary Griffin, 1807 ; 
Jno. F. Brown, Susannah Dulaney,'03; Jas. Brown m. Mary Smith, 1804; 
Jas. Brown, Cassendia Menefee, 1808; Jno. Brown m. Caty Ramey, 1804; 
Jno. Brown Jr., Lucy Hughes, '12; Jno. Pow. Brown, Isabel. Thompson,'!!; 

Wm. Brown m Tab. R. Menefee, 1814; Enoch Brown m. Sallie Yates, 1800; 
Thos. C. Brown, Frances Griffin, 1814 ; Norman Brown m. Gracy Reesee,'18; 
Daniel Brown m. Lucy Powell, 1818; Jas. Brown m. Kitty Morris, 1814; 
Presley Brown, Anne M. Popham,'21; Robertson Brown m Nancy Bishop, '22; 
Robertson Brown, Sarah Bishop, 1817 ; Wm. Brown m. Sarah Ficklin, 1816; * 
Rich. Brown m. Frances M. Hill,1822; Thos. Browning m. Eliz. Sewright, 1793; 

Thos. Browning, Eliz. Bywaters, 1793; Caleb Browning m Anne Moor ; 

Jas. Browning, JaneWhitledge, 1789; Shadrach Browning m. Peg. Routt,'94. 
Jno. Browning m. Fran. Pendleton,'98; Wm. Browning m. Lu. McClannahan'92. 


Browning m. Nancy Stone, '93; Taliaferro Browning, Mary id '92; 
ces Browning, Polly Farmer, '93; Francis Browning m. Polly Yates, '02; 

Browning, Lucy Browning '00; Geo. Browning Millian Covington, '09; 
s Browning, Caroline Menefee,'17; Jas. Broyles m. Anne Wilhoite, '21; 
Brumley, Martha Hopper, 1793; Benj. Bruce m. Mary Crisal, 1789; 
?hus Bruce, Sarah Johnston, '99; Elijah Bruce m. Malinda Browning, '10: 

Bryan m. Mary Stanton, 1783; Jas. Bryan m. Lottie Kennard, 1804; 
Bryan m. Nancy Lillard, 1807; Reub. Burley, Jeannetta Delaney, '99. 
Henry Buck, Lucy Col vin, 1794; Jno. Buchannon m. Sarah Jones, 1797; 
y Buckner ra. Mild. Strother, '14; Chas. Bullard,Martha W. H emdon '13; 
Burdyne in. Jemima Clarke, 1788; Alex. Burgess m Agnes Reece, 1815. 
la Birkland, Frances Harden '96; Edmund Burke m. Fran. Weaver, '97; 
Burke ra. Nancy Weaver, 1802; Jno. Burke m. Betsy Berry, 1805; 
, Burrows m. Polly Meade, 1803; Harris Burriss m. Nancy Hudson, 1812; 

on Butler m.Cath.Blackwell Benj. Butler m. Mary Edwards, 1790; 

1 Butler m. Sarah Shnms, 1801; Arraistead Butler, Mary Wheatley, '01; 
Butler m. Nancy Butler, 1805; Taliaferro Butler, Janny Grimsley, '04; 
Butler m. Bertha Little, 1805: Elijah Butler m. Catharine Watts, 1798; 

Butler, Susannah Neale, 1809; Taliaferro Butler m. Polly Miller, ; 

Butler m. Eliz. Green, 1796; Jno. Butt m. Eliz. NoitIs, 1800; 

N. Butt, Caty G. Broadus, 1806; Sara'l. Butt ra. Nancy Oder, 1803; 
Jutterfield, Polly Ballinger, 1793; Martin Button m. Cath. Matthews '12; 

Calvert m. Anne Askins, 1804; Ralls Calvert m. Polly Strother, 1709: 
e Calvert m. Sericy Rea 1810; Geo. Calvert m. Nancy Norman, 1809; 

Cameron m. Sallie Oliver, 1811; Owen Carapbell ra. Jemima Lear, 1787; 
Caraner m. Esther Olive, 1805; Antram Camp m. Nancy Pierce, 1803; 
lall Camp, Lucy Wilkerson, '05 ; Ambrose Camp m. Eliz. Conner, '95; 
3 Carap m. Nancy Colvin, 1798 ; Geo. H. Camp m. Handy Bohen, 1816; 
an Campbell, Mary Huffman, '07; Jno. Campbell m. Frances Green,'98: 
Campbell m.Chloe Swindler,1796; Jos. Carapbell m. Su. Shackelford, '93; 
"Jarapbell ra. Lydia Hill, 1789 ; Robt. Carapbell, Lucy Campbell, 1794. 
Campbell m. Nancy Turner, 1791; Wm. Carapbell ra. Anne Howard, 1800; 
li Carapbell ra. Eliz. Cannon, 1799; Reub. Carapbell ra. Mary Cannon,1801; 
Caraper, Susannah Huffman, 1792 ; Joel Camper m. Anna Coons, 1792; 
Corapton ra. Eliz. Harper, 1790 ; Ed.Corapton m. Rebecca Murphy, '09; 
r Canady ra. Sarah Leavel, 1782 ; Jno. Carnegie ra. Frances Jones, 1802; 
yannon m. Sarah Scott, 1812 ; Jno. Cannon, Jr., Judith Monroe, 1813; 

V Carpenter ra. Eliz. Konslar,'92: Sara. Carpenter, Peg. Blanken baker, '93 
la Carpenter ra.Sarah Sraith, '90; And'w Carpenter ra.AnnaWayland,' 91; 
Carpenter ra. Susanna Burkes, '00; Dav. Carraichael m. Nan. Anderson, '93; 
bald Carnal m. Eliz. Oder, 1819; Garland Carr ra. Mary Philips, 1783; 
G.'Carson ra. Lucy Hall, 1802; Burkett Carder ra. Nancy Hawkins;'05 
Carder ra. Anne Hurae, 1806; Wra. Carder ra. Lythia Yowell, 1807: 

Carter ra. Mary Chester, 1789; Wm. Carter ra. Susannah George, 1795; 
Carter ra. Susannah Tapp, 1797; Benj. Carder m. Polly Carder, 1796; 
Carder ra. Lilly Brown, 1799; Fred. Carter ra. Nancy Jenkins, 1797: 

Carter ra. Marg. Green, 1803; Randolph Carder,Fannie Pierce, 1812; 
Carder, Keziah Tannahill, 1812; Wra. Carder Jr. m. Eliz. Holland, '15; 
3n Carter ra. Polly Lillard, 1815; Abner Carter ra. Martha Moore, 1816; 
I!ason m. Judith Roebuck, 1788; Herap Catlett m. Sallie Pierce, 1791; 
en Cave ra. Anne Jenkins, 1782; Jos. Cave ra. Mary Jenkins, 1791; 


Wm. Cave m. Susannah Fincbam, 1801; Jno. Caynor m. Lucy Caynor, 1824; 
Edw. Cason m. Sallie Muse Cave, '89; Erasmus Chapman m. Nancy Lewis, '85; 
Jno. Chapman m. Eliz. Menefee, '97; Cadwallader Chapman, Pol. Morri«,98; 
Henry Chapman m. Eliz. Moms, 1800; Zach. Chappalior m. Sinney Settle, 'W; 
PJlijah Cheek m. Millie Horton, 1806; Geo. Cheek m. Elizabeth Williams, '93; 
Francis Cheek m. Nancy Gaines, 1801 ; Jas. Cheek m. Nancy Horton, 1809 ; 
Luke Cheek m. SalUe Crouch, 1823 ; Elias Chelf m. Eliz. Weaver, 1787; 
Jno. Chewningm Tabi. Reed, 1792 ; Geo. Chilton, Eleanor Zimmerman, '07 ; 
Stephen Chilton, Frances Norniin,'90 ; Rich. Chiltoji m. Sarah Short, '98; 
Geo. Chilton m. Sallie Asher, 1809: Wm. Chisham, Delphia Raines, 1791 ; 
Jno. Christian m. Anne Powell, 1803; Robt. Chewning m. Mildred Walker,"90; 
Jere Chrisel m. Mary Bruce, 1791 ; Julian Christler m. Eliz. Souther, 1793; 

Abra. Christler, Mary Harvey, '92; Jno. Clark m. Millie Gibbs, 1788 ; 

Will. Clark m. Lucretia Clark, 1791 ; Josiah Clark m. Jane Adams, 1798: 
Robt. Clark m. Joannah Jones, 1791 ; Thos. Clark m.Towsey Powell, 1801; 
Wm. Clark m. Judy Jenkins, 1813; Landon Clatterbuck, Nelly Rose, 1809; 

Jas. Clatterbuck m. Eliz. Hurt, 1786; Wm. Clatterbuck, Dicey Turner, 1792: 
Gab. Clatterbuck, Nan. Richardson/99; Thos. Clayton m. Sar. Cunningham, '07 
Geo. Clayton m. Eliz. Gaines, 1798 : Aaron Clements, Lucy Shackelford, '99; 
Jas. Colvin m. Polly Hill, 1800; Philip Calender, Malinda Yancey, '05; 

Philip Cline m. Polly Turner, 1789; Sam'l. Clore,Frances Christopher, 1792; 

Benj. Clore, Anne Christopher, 1790; Aaron Clore m. Susan Swindle, 1790; 
Fred. Cobler, Anne Threlkeld, 1792; Wm. Cochran m. Charity Spencer, 1791 ; 
Henry Cocke m. Susannah Mills, 1796; Thos. Cocke m. Nancy Huma, 1810; 
Mat. Cardwell m. Betty Hisle, 1803; Jno. Coghill m. Eleanor Butts, 1795; 
Josiah Colbert, Susannah Spiller, 1797; Jno. Colbert m. Sarah Adams, 1799; 
Cecilius Colbert, Nancy Colbert, 1797; Wm. Colvert m. Harriett Weeden, — ; 
Parish Coleman m. Eliz. Camp, 1798; Jere. Colen m. Mary Shepherd, 1798; 
Wm. Collins m. Arie Simms, 1807; Jno. Collins, Charlotte Wortham 1793: 

Andrew Collins m. Eliz. Freeman, 1795: Andrew Collins m. Polly Morris, 1813; 
Jno. Colsolsoror m. Anna Blair, 1812. Jere. Colvin m. Sallie Smith, 1808; 
Benj. Colvin m. Nancy Coleman, 1793; Mason Colvin m. Eliz. Hawkins, 1788; 
Jno. Colvin m. Eliz. Colvin, 1789; Gab. Colvin m. Polly Roberts, 1801; 

Robt. Colvin m. Hattie Yeager, 1815; Dan. Compton m. Betsey Yates, 1800; 
Wm. Compton m. Hannah Hay, 1812. Stephen Compton, Eleanor Dakar, 'OJ. 
Mat. Compton m. Nancy Vaughan, '06. Howard Compton m. Eliz. Yates, 1800. 
Walker Compton, Eliz. Adams, 1798. Uriel Conner m. Nancy Nalle 1796. 
Jno. Conner, Nancy Higginton 1796. Lewis Conner m. Marg. Farrow 1816. 
Fran. L. Conner, Mary L. Withers, '22. Wm. Coons m. Eliz. Freeman, 1809. 
Thornton P. Cooke m. Anne Ward, '04. Thos. Cooke m. Marg. Debourd, 1732. 
Lewis Cooke m. Mary Yager 1793. Geo. Cooke m. Eliz. Stipe, 1794. 

Jno. Cooke m. Martha Powell, 1790. Philip Cooke m. SalUe Doggett, 1799. 
Alf. Cooke m. Susannah Corbin, 1815. Fred. Coons, Mary Ann Matthews, 'SI 
Jno. Coons ni. Anne Coons, 1792. Jas. Coons m. Anne Atwood, 1781. 

Jessee Coons m. Lucy Withers Wm. Cooper m. Laura Smith, 1808.- 

Rob. Cooper m. Nancy Triplett, 1809. Jos. Corbin m. Hannah Menefee 1799. 
Benj. Corbin m. Anne Corbin, 1788. Martin Corbin m. Nancy Scott, 1787. 
Chas. Corbin, Nancy Joiies, 1793. Fielding Corbin, Susannah Collins. '00, 

Mich. Corbin, Nancy By waters, 1811. Thos. Corbin m. Eliz. Johnston, 1811. 
Seneson Corbin, Mary.N. Mason, '12. Geo. Corbin m; Sallie Monroe, 1814. 
Nelson Corbin m. Sallie Garnett, 1819. Jas. Corder m. Sallie George, 1793. 
Elias Corder m. Anne Tapp, 1793. Thos. Cown m. Lucy Gainas, 1803. 

Wm. Cornelius, Betsoy Plunkett, 1786. Geo. Cornelius m. Judith Mason, 1 797. 


. Cornelius, Elia. Jennings, 1794. Chris. Courtney, Mary A. Johnston, '94. 
Courtney m Amy Johnston, '93. Jno. Covington m Eliz. GriflBn, 1819. 
Covington, Lucy Slaughter, 1816. Isaac Cowgill m Eliz. Stokesberry, 1797. 
Cowgill m. Polly Huans, 1801. Thos. Cowgill m. Sarah Antram 1800. 
Ccrwne m Frances Yancey, 1789. David J. Cox m Anne Calvert, 1799. 

. Craig m Betsey Green, 1808. David Crane m Kebecca Young 

y Crank, Maryan Haywood, '94. Geo. Craver m Jane Calvert, 1804. 
Crawford in Mag. Utterback, '06. Oliver Crawford m Lucy Alexander, '86. 
n Crawford, Ruth Threlkeld, '89. Jno. Creal m Fannie Kilby, 1811. 
Crigler m Kitty Brown, 1803. Jas. Crigler m. Sallie Triplett, 1810. 

J. Crigler, Frances Botts, 1793. Jno. Crigler m. Sallie Hume, 1789. 
Crigler, Susan W. Gainefe, 1812. Kufiey Crigler m. Leanah Sudduth, '09. 
Crisdenberry, Eliz. Threlkeld, '99. Robt. Crook m. Nancy Campbell, 1806. 
Crouch m Mary Crawford, 1793. Coleman Crutcher, Eliz. Pierce, 1798. 

Cunningham, Janney Haddox '91. Thos. B. Cer m Dinah Wood, 1815. 

h Curtis m Hepsaba Guinn, 1806. 


. Daniel m Marg. Rosson, 1793. Elijah Daniel, Nancy Cunningham, '97. 

Daniel, Anne G. Calvert, 1821. Jno. Davenport, Eliz. Pierce, 1786. 
Davis m Polly Threlkeld, 1807. Chas. Davis m. Hannah Gaines, 1733. 

Daviss m Frances Ham ' 1787. Jno. Davis m. Anne Smith, 1815. 

. Dawnes m Eliz. Slaughter, 1804. Thos. Dawson m Eliz. Foushee, 17C9. 
Dawson m Lucy Cosney, 1799. Thos, iJay m Ellis Duval, 1796. 
. Day m. Susan Threlkeld 1801. Horatio Day m Rebecca Pettinger 1813. 
• Deale m. Mary Viscarver, 1800. Jno. Deale m. Sallie Ordor, 1802. 

R. Dearing m. Eliz. Keith, 1^819. Anson Dearing m Anne Tannahill, 1817. 

Deatherage, Mary Maddox, 1739. Geo. Deatherage, Cath. Waters, 1816. 

Deatherage, Mary Covington,'17. Wm. Debbs, Anne Marshall, 1818. 
Dulany m Anne Walle, 1794. Abijah Dulany m Nancy Burke, 1792. 

^ Dulaney m Anne Routt 1792. Jno. Denton m Eliz. Hendrick, 1809. 

Derry, Hannah Rambottom, '15. Chris. Dickens m Mary Pullam, 1791. 

Dickenson, Eliz. Landrum, '02, Thos. C. Dickenson m Eliz. Amiss, '89. 
Dillard, Jane Edrington, 1800. Asa Dillen m Lydia Bigbee, 1805. 
. Dobbs m Sarah Johnston, 1785. Thos. Dobbs m Nancy Clatterbuck,'14. 
Dodson, Marg. Woodard, 1803. Joel Dodson, Polly Fincham> 1805. 
len Dodson, Cath. Chilton, '93. David Dodson m Lucy Hisle, 1791. 

Dodson, Judith Chilton, 1801. Henry Dogan m Eliz. Hilton 1814. 
Doggett, Anne Brown, 1788. Rich. J. Dogerett, Mariah Ward, 1807. 

. B. Doggett m Sallie Ward, '95. Wm. Doggett m^ Mildred Brown, 1819. 
. Doggett, Sarah Harden, 1802. Quarles Dorsett m Lavinia Sisk, 1809. 
miah Dowd m Eliz. G.oodman,'82. Fran.P.Drake, Mar'h A. Washington, '24 

Duke m. Eliz. M. Doyle, 1799. Gab. Dulaney m Patsy Leathers, 1805. 

Dulaney m Fannie McQueen,'03. Gabriel Dulaney, Polly Leathers, 1805. 

Dunnaway, Milly Kinnard, 1794. Wm. Dunna way, Jane Hopkins, 1814. 

Dunnaway, Eliz. Hammows, '23. Geo. Duncan, Hannah Brown, 1810. 
►p Duncan, Lucy Covington, 1805. Nimrod Duncan, Lucy Browning, 1797. 
Duncan, Dorcas Butler, 1797. Benj. Duncan, Eliz. Browning, 1793. 

. Duncan, Sarah Stallard, '97. Wm. Duncan, Lucy Bywaters, 1789. 

und Duncan, Harriet Dulaney '12. Wm. C. Duncan, Cath. Hughes, 1823. 
. Duval, Lucy Jennings 1793. David Dvke, Polly Thaver, 1808. 


). Earthen, m. Eliz. Johnston, '90. Philip Eastham, Polly Farrow, 1810. 


Benj. Eddings, Fannie Etherton, 1808. 
Jno. Eddins, Millie Dulaney, 1789. 
Wm. Edgar, Martha Lightfoot, 1785. 
Owen Ellis, Marg. McKelbin, 1803. 
Thos. Ellis, Amelia Jenkins, 1810. 
Wm. Embry, Hannah Patton, 1808. 
Jos. Emry, Isabel Butler, 1802. 
Peter Estes, Sallie Yates, 1792. 
Absolam Estes, Gilly Simms, 1816. 
Jos. Etherton, Eliz. T. Simms, 1811. 
Jno. Etherington, Frances Yancey, '99 
Wm. Evans, Betsey Wood, 1786. 
Frosty English, Nancy Razor, 1820. 

Churchhill Edding, Marg. Harvey, ^91. 
Philip Edwards, Easter Corbin, 1789. 
Peyton R. Eldridge, Polly Guinn, 1800- 
Aug. Ellis, Mildred Slaughter, 1804. 
Hiram Ellis, Polly Chappaliar,,18l6. 
Chas. Emory, Winney Peyton, 1799. 
Jno. Estes, Susannah Butler, 1807. 

Sam. Estes, Mary Peyton 

Reub. Etherton, Eleanor McDonald, '94. 

Jas. Ethrington, Martha Blackbum,'04. 

. Jas. Ethrington, Hannah Dulaney, '90- 

Jno. Evans, GiUy C. Strofcher, 1800. 

Abraham Early, Phoebe Peyton, 13D2. 

Thos. Falconer, Sallie Winston, 1795. 
Dan. Farmer, Eliz. Dulaney, 1814. 
Jno. Fayer, Roda Gaines, 1803. 
Wm. Fincham, Polly Kebbon, 1815. 
Jno Ferguson, Anne Green, 1795. 
Mason Fewell, Sarah Fiddle, 1806. 
Benj. Fewell, Nancy Walle, 1789. 
Benj. Ficklin, Susannah Foushee, '87. 
Wm. Fincham, Bettie McAllister, '04. 
Jno. Fincham, Millie Simms, 1818. 
Elijah Finks, Eliz. Foster, 1800. 
Chas. Finnell, Lucy Finnell, 1786. 
Jacob Fishback, HannahHuffman, '88. 
Geo. Fisher, Dolly Alsop, 1804. 
Jno. Flemming, Mary Walle, 1799. 
Rawleigh Fletcher, Polly Estes, 1801. 
Jas. Fletcher, Edy By waters, 1708. 
Jno. Fletcher, Polly Jeffries, 1819. 
Thos. Flint, Mollie Ballard, 1788. 
Ben. Ford, Eliz. F. Leavel, 1803. 
Joshua Ford, Nancy Terrell, 1791. 
Wm. P. Ford, Gill y Marshall, 1822. 
Rich. C. Foushee, Nancy Martin, 1817. 
Jno. Foushee, Sallie Crutcher,1788. 
Edwin Fox, Betsey Hi|:gason, 1814. 
Wm. Franklin, Agnes Oder, 1821. 
Fred. Frazier, Marg. Whale, 1821. 
Jno. Freeman, Lydia Edge, 1792. 
Jno. H. Freemen, Sarah Grinnan, '21. 
Ephraim Fry, Mary Huffman, 1788. 
Enoch Furr, Susannah Waters, 1813. 
Thos. Furniss, Francis Dulaney, 1785. 

Lawrence Gaar, RosannahBroyles, '90. 
Thos. Gaines, Nancy Fryer, 1805. 
Geo. Gaines, Susannah Graves, 1788. 
Rich. Gaines, Frances Jolly, 1789. 
Jno. Gaines, Peggy Wise, 1792. 

Jno. Farmer, Jemima Grant, 1784. 
Wm. Farrow, Lydia Wiley, 1896. 
Jno. Feed low, Marg. Oder, 1808. 
Benj. Fincham, Susannah Smith, 1809. 
Jno. Ferguson, Eliz. Burton, 1811. 
Benj. Fewell, Amy Coghill, 1798. 
Jas. Few^ell, Lucy Zimmerman, 1801. 
Ben. Ficklin, Eleanor Slaughter, 1816. 
Wm. Fincham, Eliz. Clatterbuck, 1796. 
Fielding Finks, Frances B. Triplett,'17. 
Abner Finnell, Nancy Dowling, 1793. 
Morgan Finnell, Eliz. Sisson, 1791. 
Jno. Fishback, Eliz. Norman, 1818. 
Wm. Fisher, Polly Hand, 1803. 
Zach. Fleshman, Phoebe Leather^ 1791. 
Vinson Fletcher, Sallie Barnes, 1803. 
Stephen Fletcher, Mary Barnes, 1793. 
Jno. Flint, SaUie Porter, 1788. 
Wm. Flint, Eliz. Ballard, 1788. 
Reub. Ford, Eliz. Belly, 1806. 
Jno. Ford, Rosey Norman, 1788. 
Robt. Foster, Eliz. Fmks, 1805. 
Geo. Foushee, Susan Foushee, 1819. 
Wm. Fox, Caty Woodard, 1809. 
Jonathan Franklin, Milly Tinsley, '88. 
Henry Frazier, Nancy Bredlove, 1785. 
Wm. Freeman, Nancy Hughes, 1B06. 
Garnett Freeman, Nancy Foster, 1813. 
Archibald Freeman, Marg. Welch, 1819. 
Thos. W. Fry, Eliz. Slaughter 1795. 
Sam. Furnis, Sarah Roberts, 1782. 
David Fulks, Eliz. Huffman, 1788. 


Abraham Gaar, Dina'h Weaver, 1791. 
David Gaines, Peggy Mitchell, 1790. 
Humphrey Gaines, Eliz. Warren, 1789. 
Edw. W. Gaines, Nancy Yowell, 1796. 
Reub. Gaines, Emma Lewis 1818. 

.^ ■■■ :,V- 



P. Gaines, Frances Mason, 1821. Jno. Gallahue, Anne Howe, 1793. 
ford Gant, Sarah RatclifFe, 1785. Jos. Garring, Patsy Smith 1823. 
md Garner, Susannah Turner, '07. Jas. Garriott, Susannah Campbell, '92. 

Garriott, Eliz. Kinnard, 1791, Jas. GaiTett, Lydia Haynes, 1800. 

Harriott, Caty Hudson, 1802. Levy Garwood, Sarah Inskeep, 1795. 

y Gateshill, Anne Lightfoot, '84. Chas. D. Gaunt, Rachael Lillard, 1824. 

Garnett, Sarah Butler, 1791. Edmund Garnett, Sarah Graves, 1787. 

Tarnett, Polly Jones, 1795. Rob. Garnett, Eleanor Ooehran. 1790. 

xarnett, ISTancy Clarke, 1791. Elijah Garnett, ISTancy Branham. 1799. 

lel Garnett, Sallie Fucks, 1799. Larkin Garnett, Eliz. Garnett, 1812. 

xarnett, Eliz. Garnett, 1816. Jas. Garnett, Anne Hilton, 1823. 

George, Duncan Tussey, 1801. Burnett George, Sarah Starke, 1816. 

Gibbs, Lucy Clarke, 1789. Thos. Gibson, Nancy Feaganes, 1807. 

ibson, Eliz. Norman, 1801. Minor W.Gibson, Eliza Shackelford, '19. 

Giddings, Sarah Mason, 1787. Law^ce Gillock, Betsey Twenteman,'88. 

enee Gin, Sarah Leavel, 1785. Thos. Ginn, Eliz. Brady, 1780. 

^inn, Eliz. Butt, 1789. Thos. Ginn, Mary Threlkeld, 1789. 

Goss, Mary Simms, 1799. Geo. Grady, Fannie Bredlove, 1795. 

Gosney, Sarah Applebee, 1789. Rich. Gosney, Fannie Rowe, 180O. 

Gore, Mary Simms, 1799. Joshua Gore, Eliz. Rountree, 1316. 

Gordon, Eliz. Smede, 1810. Mungo M. Gordon, Mildred Marye, 1809. 

^. Gordcm, Anne G. Gaines, 1814. Alex. Gordon, Jr., Eleanor C. Ball, '15. 

Good, Eliz. Lipp, 1791. Rich. Goodall, Eliz. Merry, 1785. 

. Godfrey, Polly Settle, 1798. Enoch Golden, Lucy Googe, 1807. 

Glore, Eliz. Mauck, 1783. Rich. Glovier, Milly Shackelford, 1795. 

Godney, Eliz, Wills, 1819, Eli Glasscock, Susan. Bumgardner, H)8. 

jlasscock, Susannah Kilbj^ '24. Jos. Gray, Lydia Stout, 1796. 

Gray, Jennie Manuel, 1823. Hezekia Gray, Anne Dyke, 1811. 
\rd Graves, Rebecca Bingham,'94. Philip Graves, Eliz. Jones, 1785. 

Graves, Eliz. Eddins, 1788. Dan. Graves, Eleanor Grady, 1702. 

. Graves, Mary Mason. 1795. Jos. Graves, Nellie Branham, 1800. 

r. Green, Lavinia Jett, 1812. Rich. Green, Eliz. Hanye, 1811. 

Green, Mary Hawkins . Francis Gaines, Lucy Hughes, 1S05. 


3r Hackley, Chloe Clarke, 1709. Wal. Hackley, Winnif. Chancellor, '17. 

Hagert, Mary Davis, 1791. Carlysle Hanes, Dorcas Williams, 1798. 
Haleys, Rachael Fleshman, 1787. Thos. Hall, Amy Nalle, 1803. 

Hall, Judy Allan, 1792. Jas. Hall, Jane Wiiley, 1813. 

y Halley, Eliz. Reed, 1816 Stephen Ham, Rhoda Colfer, 1782. 

m,E.Pemberton or Pendleton,'90. Jno. Harabrick, Eliz. Spencer, 1810. 
od Hambrick, Mariah Adams, '16. Wm. Hamilton, Sarah Hume, 1805. 

Hand, Anne Eastham, 1818. Moses Harbinson, Anne Barler, 1789. . 

n Harden, Jane Aynes, 1792. Wm. Harden, Eliz. Doggett, 1822. 

Jardy, Pattie Ballance, 1784. Jacob Hardman, Nancy Collins, 1788. 

Harden, Eliz. Oder, 1808. Jno. Harmond, Mary Haney, 1808. 

Horford, Pattie Fennell, 1792. Wm. Harper, Anna Suliman, 1793. 
iarper, Eliza Anne Greenway, '11. Geo. Harrold, Nancy Hoi-sley, 1786. 

e Harris, Mollie Clatterbuck, '87. Jas. Harris, Mary Brady, 1788. 

Harrison, Nancy Duff, 1784. Obed Harrison, Frances Lewis, 1793. 

ti Harvey, Mary Jarrell, 1785. Elijah Harkins, Polly Kelly, 1805. 

les Hawkins, Leaty Yowell, 1807. Wm. Hawkins, Anne B. Smith, 1785. 

Hawkins, Dolly Gaines, 1786. Jno. Hawjkins, Nancy Jones, 1787. 


Jno. Hawkins, Mahala Randolph, '95. Jas. Hawkins, Sarah Jones, 1797. 

Math. Hawkins,NancyWilhoite, Thos. R. Hawkins, Matilda Pinkard,'? 8' 

Jas. J. Haydon, Cath. Branham, 1783. Ezekiel Hanes, Anne Hopkins, 1801. 
Geo. Hanes, Anne S. Smith, 1794. Jasper Hanes, Eliz. Roberts, 1790. 

Jas. Hanes, Sarah Jackson, 1786. Geo. Hanes, Eliz. Smith, 1793. 

Anthony Haynie, Sarah Williams, 1787. Jno. Haton, Sarah Calvert, 1808. 
Benj. Head, Milly Long, 17a5. Wm. Head, Sallie Oliver, 1792. 

Patterson Heaton, Polly Bridwell, '13. Jos. Heaton, Anne Antram, 1799. 
Wm. Helm, Susan S. Cowne, 1819. Alex. Henderson, Eliz. Roebuck, 1789. 

Jno.Henderson,!KrancyHansbrough,'21. Wm. Henry, Eleanor Yancey, 1795. 
Benson Henry, Keziah Man well, 1792. Wm. Henslee, JBliz. Corbin, 1792. 
Enoch Hensley, Jane Nicolson, 1789. Enoch Hensley, Sallie Boling, 1800. 

Wm. Henton, Hannah Heaton, 1805. 
Thos. Herford, Sarah Heaton, 1797. 
Elliott Herndon, Sallie Carter, 1791. 
Edw. Herndon, Nancy Rucker, 1791. 
Geo. Hesser, Emily Evans, 1824. 
Jas. Heaton, Sallie Evans, 1804. 
Silas. Hickerson, Polly Tutt, 1811. 
Wm. Hill, Sallie Ballinger, 1791. 
Wm. Hill, Frances Fennell, 1786. 
Jno. Hill, Nancy Palmer, 1792. 
Humphrey Hill, Anne Myrtle, 1798. 
Joel Hill, Nancy Vaughan, 1820. 

Thos. Herford, Sarah Heaton, 1796. 

Reu. Herndon, Betsey Marshall, 1806. 

Ben. Herndon, Susan Chart, 1787. 

Wm. Hermon, Polly Ferguson . 

Jacob Hessong, Charity Duke, 1793. 

Wm. Hickerson, Judith Ball, 1814. 

Jno. Hill, Mary Finch, 1804. 

Rob. Hill, Nancy Sutton, 1785. 

Wm. Hill Jr., Isabel Parson, 1797. 

Jos. Hill, Rhoda Marshall, 1796. 

Reub. Hill, Fannie Samuel, 1797. 
Jno. Hill, Eliz. Naughan, 1822. 
Jno. Kennon Hill, Grace Jenkins, '17. Jno. Hilman, Dorotha Garnett, 1798. 
Sam. Hinsley, Rosanna Pierce, 1786. Wm. Hisle, Nancy Woodard, 1803. 

Leonard Hisle, Ramey Jasper, 1804. 
Jno. Hisle, Polly Hisle, 1797. 
Strother Hisle, Eliz. Smith, 1809. 
Jas. Hitt, Frances Reynolds, 1822. 
Stephen Hogg, Sarah Williams, 1800. 
Jno. Holland, Catharine Coghill, '88. 
Jno. Hopper, Sarah Jett, 1785. 

Rob. Hisle, Lydia Jenkins, 1789. 
Wm. Hisle, Jane Willis, 1796. 
Wm. Hitcher, Hannah Hurt, 1781. 
Rich. Hisle, Nancy Neathers, 1795. 
Wm. Holdway, Eliz. ThomhiU, 1794. 
Eph. Hollaway, Susannah Garwood,'21. 
Sam. Homer, Julia Sanford, 1804. 

Jas. Y. Horner, Polly Ferguson, 1815. Job. Houghton, Lucy Simms, 1818. 
Elijah Houghton, Caty Norman, 1818. Matthias House, Susannah Floyd, 1792. 
Mich. House, Nancy Zimmerman, '89. Thos. Howell, Marg. White, 1790. 
Jos. Huans, Rhoda Pinkard, 1803. Thos. Hubbard, Sallie Strother, 1794. 

Taliaferro Hubbard, Abbie Gibson, '97. Arm. Hubbard, Beacheth Strother,'93. 
Alex. Hudson, Polly Jones, 1804. Joel Hudson, Fannie Yager, 1809. 

Walter Hudson, Eliz. Mason, 1810. Martin Hudson, Synthia Newton, 1791 

Jno. Hudson, Jane Appleby, 1799. Moses Hudson, Mary Clark, 1789. 

Reub. Hudson, Polly Garnett, 1798. Ezekiel Hudson, Polly Mason, 1800. 
Abner Hudson, Betsey Mason, 1800. Wm. Hudson. Eliz. Cheek, 18«»r. 
Ambrose Hud8on,Mary AnneSmith, '19. Jos. Huffman, Rosannah Deale, 1793. 

Jacob Huffman, Mary Floyd, 1786. 
Rub. Huffman, Caty Huffman, 1787. 
Sam. Huffman, Eve Huffman, 1792. 
Jos. Huffman, Frances Payne, 1790. 
Jos. Huffman, Frances Payne, 1791. 
Mich. Huffman, Eliz. Huffman, 1791. 
Henry Huffman, Lucy Reed, 1799. 
Rob. Hughes, Eliz. Strother, 1794. 
Jno. Hughes, Anne Waggoner^ 1785. 

Ephraim Huffman, Mary Ward, 1787. 
Nathan Huffman, Mary Stonesiffer, ^92. 
Jno. Huffman, Eliz. Huffman, 1794. 

Rob. Huffman, Eliz. Bruce '—, 

Jas. Huffman, Letty Arnold, 1795. 
Dan. Huffman. Marg. Bingard, 1790. 
Aaron Huffman, Betsey Hume, 1817. 
Anthony Hughes, Eliz. Adams, 1799. 
Jno. Hughes, Eliz. Brown, 1798. 


ison, Eliz. Jones, 1803. Wir. Hume, Sarah Baker, 1782. 

me, Lizzie Banks, 1785. Jas. Hume, Eliz. Powell, 1784. 

Qe, Anna Crigler, 1792. Jas. Hume, Caty Barnes, 1797. 
d Hume, Priscilla Colvin, '98. Humphrey Hume, Peggy Lowen, 1800. 

rnphrey, Mille Carder, 1805. Jesse Humphreys, Eliz. DiflSe, 1791. 

nphrey, Polly Lawler, 1787. Jno. Hundley, Ibby Turner, 1822. 

lint, Mary Brown, 1791. Wm. Harrew, Lucy Collins, 1818. 

irleigh, Nellie Harrison, '88. Jno. Hysle, Frances Pulliam, 1796. 
3le, Eliz. Pulliam, 1796. 

ram, Susannah Lawler, 1802. 
keep, Rachel Pusey, 1797. 
eep, Patiner Bishop, 1801. 

Jno. Inskeep, Esther Garwood, 1804. 
Jas. Inskeep, Deliah Dulaney 1797. 

kson, Sarah Horton, 1808. 
§LBon, Sallie Simms, 1815. 

Henry Jackson Anne Lampkin '91. 
Thos. Jacobs, Eliz. Burgess, 1806. 

ames, Peggy F. Brown, 1808. Sam. James, Frances Bates, 1783. 

les, Nancy Graves, 1787. 
rell, Sarah Simms 1788. 
Fries, Frances Faver, 1794. 
ries, Rosamond Faver, 1800, 
ikins, Ellen Jenkins, 1805. 

Wm. Jarrell, Eliz. Jarrell, 1787. 

Dan. Jasper, Millie Cheek. 1807. 

Thos. Jeffries, Thiza Kegg, 1797. 

Jno. Jennings, Fannie Hurt, 1801. 

Irvine Jenkins, Peggy Jenkins 1808. 
Fenkins, Betsey Weakley, '93. Ban. Jenkins, Agatha Jenkins, 1789. 
I Jenkins, Nancy Weakley, '89. Timothy Jenkins, Eliz. Smith, 1794. 
nkins, Rebecca Jenkins, 1793. Jere. Jenkins, Anne McKensey, 1791. 
kins, Sarah Jenkins, 1798. Timothy Jenkins, Nancy Weakley, '97. 
kins, Sarah Jenkins, 1800. Amb. Jenkins, Susannah Weakley, '09. 
enkins, Nancy Robins, 1818. Anthony Jenkins, Milly Sisk, 1812. 
1 Jenkins, Nancy Hensley,'14. Amiss Janny, Barbara Gregory, 1797. 
e, Susannah Carpenter, 1792. Jesse Jett, Nancy Chandler, 1804. 
itt, Lucinda Jones, 1798. Jas. Jett, Julia Anne Lane, 1821. 

ison, Susannah Reed, 1802. Wm. Johnston, Mary Yancey, 1806. 
mston, Seney Duncan, 1793. Valentine Johnston,Anne Brown, 1816. 

Gabe. Jones, Patsey Yates, 1800. 

Ambrose Jones, Mary Waggoner, 1784. 

Moses Jones, Mary Florence, 1789. 

Rob. Jones, Susannah Bahanghan, '87. 

5tt, Nancy Walker, 1787. 
ones, Gilly Marshall, 1809. 
ones, Senie Browning, 1789. 
[les, Agnes Pulliam, 1785. 

Jones, Nancy Garnett, 1797. Francis Jones, Esther Cowne, 1795. 

aes, Nancy Borst, 1795. 

aes, Fran. Shackelford, 1797. 

Qes, Polly Butler, . 

es, Sarah Cocke, 1799. 
«, Nancy Turner, 1800. 
3S, Judy Doggett, 1813. 
es, Mary Hisle, 1813. 
Jones, Millie Kennard, 1814. 
nes, Sallie Crigler, 1815. 
nes, Lucy Johnston, 1817. 
►nes, Lucinda Foushee, 1812. 
dan, Caty Wilson, 1791. 
y. Damsel Holland, 1811. 
ckson, Sallie Lampkin, 1781. 

Jno. Jones, Dolly Petty, 1793. 
Henry Jones, Mildred Grigsby, 1792. 
Bailey Jones, Lucy Corbin, 1791. 
Elisha Jones, Eliz. Freeman, 1799. 
Thos. Jones, Mary Underwood, 1798. 

Jas. Jones, Rebecca Dyke, . 

Chas. Jones, Lavinia Glass, 1815. 
Chas. Jones, Jane Rixey, 1819. 
Jos. Jones, Nancy Yates, 1815. 
Jas. Jones, Lucinda Walden, 1822. 
Absalom Jordan, Eliza Eastham, 1806. 
Wm. Jordan, Anne Clark, 1791. 
Reese Jury, Anne Slaughter, 1811. 
Elijah Jones, Sarah Freeman, 1793. 



Gab. Key, Sarah Waggoner, 1803. Jas. Kay, Fannie Waggoner, 1802. 

Geo. Kelley, Jane Field, 1803. Thos. Kelley, Kesiah Norman, 1806. 

Jas. Kelly, Frances Wright, 1805. Jacob Kelly, Peggy Gore, 1790. 

Edw. Kelly, Barbara Yates, 1784. Wm. Kelly, Eliz. Poulton, 1786. 

Wm. K^lly, Nancy Terry, 1790. Jno. Kelly, Susannah Hill, 1797. 

Jas. Kemper, Sallie Walker, 1822. Jas. Kendall, Eliz. Threlkeld, 1819. 

Jacob Kendrick, Susannah Jett, 1805. Benoni Kendrick, Mary Warner, 1789. 

Reub. Kendrick, EflBe Rich, 1795. Geo. Kennard, Frances Yates, 1800. 

David Kennard, Polly Yates, 1809. Reub. Kenneday, Ursula Falconer, '11. 

Amos Keys, Anna Fennell, 1802. Wash. Keys, Marg. Strother, 1812. 

Adam Kibler, Eliza Brandon, 1822. Wm. Kidwell, Susannah Jett, 1806. 

Armistead Kilby, Sarah Hawkins, '94. Jos. Kilby, Celia Jenkins, 1801. 

Thos. Kilby, Matilda Hawkins, 1817. Leroy Kilby, Eleanor Mary, 1820. 

Benj. Kin^:, Walter Haywood, 1794 Thos. King, Eliz. King, . 

Philip S. King, Martha Grant, 1821. PleasantKirtley, Thompson Barnes, '04. 

Wm. Kirtley, Sarah Lewis, 1805. Ephraim Klugg, Eliz. Major, 1792. 
John Klugg, Nancy Nelson Graves '90. Jos. Koonly, Judy Snyder, 1809. 
Geo. Kootz, Mary Threlkeld, 1800. 


Aaron Lacy m. Eliz. Reins, 1788. Jno. Lampkin m Eliz. Wily, 1799. 

Jno. Lampkin, Jemima Lemmon, '17. Mark Landram m. Nancy Tapp, 1786. 

Wm. Lausdown, Triphene Settle, '97. Wm. A. Lane m. Elizabeth Green, 1798. 

Wm. Lansdown m. Lucy Spiller, 1798. Wm. Latham m. Malinda Gaines, 1805 

Philip Latham m. Dolly Gray, 1792. John T. Latham Kitty Mauzy, 1824. 

Walter Lawrence m. Polly BLitler,'04. Sam. Lsadman, Susan. Stoke8berry,'01. 

David Lear m. Lucy Duval* 1791. James Lear m. Nancy Hill, 1787. 

Nathan Lear m. Nancy Spicer, 1818. Joshua Leather m. Eliz. Ferguson, 1790 

Rob. Leavel m. Eliz. Harden, 1T8S. Benj. Lea veil m. Eliz. Willis, 1811. 

Wm. Lee m. Mollie Burns, 1788. Jas. Lee m. Mary Callahan, 1798. 
Archelus Lewis, Jemimah Norman '93. James Lewis m. Jemimah Roberts, '86. 

Thadeus Lewis m. Eliz. Garnett, 1796. Benj. Lewis m. Nancy Mitchell, 1815. 

Jas. Lewis, Kitty Anne Pendleton, '16. Thos. B. Lewis m. Oath. A. Gaines, 15. 
Edw. Lightfoot, Arthur Eldridge, 1793. Rob. Lightfoot. Johannah Dulany,'94. 

Jno. Lillard m. Rachel Ga-rrott, 17Si. Ab^oloiu Lillard, Nancy Holland, 1816. 

Benj.Lillard m. Eliz. Browning, 1819. Absolam Lillard m. Fannie Hisle, 1810. 

Benj. Lillard m. Lucy Brown, 1799. Jno. i^ingram m. Betsy Waggoner, 1802 

Jno. Lindsey m. Ruth Bryan 1789. Jacob Lip m. Marg. Zimmerman, 1787. 

Zach. Little and Mary Staunton, 1792. Jno. Lockhart m. Mary Wily, 1799. 

Gabriel Long, Lucinda Slaughter, -05. Bloomfield Long m. Letty Roach, 1787. 

Thomas Long m. Nancy Shipp, 1797. Wm. Long m. Mary Faulconer, 1797. 

Jno. Long m. Azubah Hawkins, 1793. Benj. Long m. Polly Garratt, 1792. 

Thos. Long m. Polly Wharton, 1799. Wm.Loucry m. Anne Colly, 1799. 

Jno. Lovell, Frances Beckham, 1815. Dan. Lowery m. Mary Cox, 1797. 

Francis Lowin m. Lucy Brown, 1784. Wm. Lowry m. Anne Colly, 1799. 

Jno. Lucas m. Polly Brown, 1810. Thomas Lucas, Fannie Wilhoite, 1785. 

Geo. Lucas m. Fannie Kilby, 1816. Wm. Luca? m. Anne Moore, 1815. 


Jno. Maar m. Eliz. Whitley, 1799. Jno. Macaboy m. Mary Houghty, 1817. 

Jacob Maggert, Mary Huffman, 1787. Jno. Major m. Ursee Sleet, 1787. 

Wm. Major m. Eliz. Corbin, 1795. John MacMann m. Nancy Johnson, '14. 
Jno. Margrave m. Abigail Moore, 1789. James Markham m. Betsey Porter, 'Oi 


. Marshall, Paulina Moore, '07. Thomas Marshall m. Mdjy Bishop, 1805 
Mai?8hall, Malinda Wallace 1|^6. Rob.. Marshall m. Mary Dobbs, 1813. 
arsten m. Rachael Spicer, 1788. Willis Martin m. Agatha Gaant 1806. 
artin m. Nelly Nicholson, 1788. Wm. Martin m Lucy Sanford, 1796. 
artin m. Mary Long, 1791. Enoch Mason m. Fannie Ramey,1806. , 

Mason m. Annie Wood, 1805. Nelson Mason m. Mary Newlon. 1806. 
ason m. Sallie Brown, 1791. Jas. Mason m. Susannah Tapp, 1793. 

[ason in. Patsey Gamett, 1815. Benson Mason m. Margaret Fox, 1820. 
Mason m. Sarah Porter, 1819. Lewis; D. Massie m. Eliz. Adams, 1822. 
^athoney m. Betsy Smith, 1802. James Matthews m. Sftllle Stuart, 1794. 
Eittock, Matilda Coruett, 1809. Abraham Maury m. Eliz.Wilhoite, 1810. 
SLUzy m. Frances Long, 1803. ;Wm. McBee m. Sarah McDugley, 1798. 
ider McBee, Harriet Borst, 1795. Dan. McCarty m. Sallie Whorton, 1792. 
cDaniel m Anne King, 1792. Geo. McDonald m. Marg. Wayland, '91. 

cDonald, Frances Putman, '85. Mathias McDonald, Eleanor Jarrell,'91. 
le McDonald, Eliz. Murphy, 1798. Wm. McDonald m. Mary Donald, x794 . 
cFarlen m. Nancy Wise4797. Dan. McGowan m. Frances Corley,lH2d 
Magruder,Jemi. Satherland, '99. Jas.McKiffin m. Anne Reed Taylor, '10. 
^cKiffln m. Fannie Boswell, '98. Wm. McKoy m. Nancy Turner, 1800. 
er McQaeen, Lucy Yates, 1808. Dan. McQueen m. Caty Lammon, 1818. 
. Medley m. Maria Payne, 1819. Rob. Menefee m. Polly Waggoner, 1806. 
Menefee m. Polly Yancy, 1808. Jno. Menefee m. Lucy Partlow, 1808. 
enefee m. Eliza Hughes, 1795. Larkin Menefee m. Lucy Yancey, 
[enefee m. Mary Strother,1790. Henry Menefee m. Nancy Hughe8,'97. 
[enefee m Cath. Partlow, 1811. Henry Menefee m. Phila. Yancey, 1811. 
enefee m. Sallie Brown, 1814. Jarred Menefee m. Fannie Hopkihs,'15. 
enefee, Anne T. Pendleton, '16. Wolery Meng m. Esther Morris, 1794. 
lershoug m. Anne Jett, '99. Jas. Middleton m. Lucy Jenkins, 1814. 

)1 Miller, Rebecca Carpenter, )J3. Adam Miller, Polly Wilhoite, 1790. 
[iller, Alice Wright, 1800. Sam Miller m. Delena Bywaters, 1815. 

dillerjm. Frances Corbin,'1816. Waller Minor, Mary Cowen, 1789. 
. Mitchell, Cath. Hansona808. Wm. Mitchell m. Sarah Mitchell, 1787. 
[itchell m. Lucy Garnett, 1783. Mark Mitchell m. Mary Rider, 1787. 
Mitchell, Mollie Gosny, 1790. Jno. Mitchell m. Janet Newton, 1831. 
itchell, Margaret Yager, 1818. James Mobly m. Eliz, Hurrin, 1792. 

■onday m. Isabel Myrtle, 1785. Roger Moody m. Anne 1797. 

[onny m. Sarah Walker 1781. Abraham Moor, Eliz. Cinnie, 1786. 
an Moor in. Polly Scott, 1788. Daniel Morgan, Sarah Thomas, 1800. 
forehead m. Polly Triplett,1790. Walter Moreland ra. Rach. Drake, 1804. 
Morris m. Sallie Kinnard, 1795. Edm. Morress m. Sallie Reynolds, 1801. 
Bforrison, Sallie Browning, '08. Jno. Morrison m. Esther Douglass, 1797. 
ly Moore m. Mary Gully 1789. Harbin Moore m. Anne Tutt, 1793. 
ay Moore, Jane Adams, 1799. David Moore Hannah Woodward, 1813. 

Moore m. Polly Hughes, Elijah Moss m. Susannah Carroll 1797. 

Moss m. Mary Groves, 1809. Wm. Motherhead m. Lucy Long, 1788. 

VIozengo m. Mary Little ,1795. Dennis Murphy m. Sallie Marshall, '03. 
[urphy m. Sallie Sedwicke, 1805. Martin Murphy m. Sarah Glass, 1786. 
Murphy, Eliz. Edrington^ 1801. Wm. L. Munday, Anne Porter, 1811. 
yers m. Mariah Calvert, 1808. Ben. Myrtle, Fran. Broyles, 1787. 


alle, Peggy Parks, 1792. Jno. Nalle, Lucy Hill, 1785. 

^alle, Nancy Berry, 1817. Hezekiah Nally, Susannah Bourne, '08. 


Larkin Kash, Eliz. Hyne, 1793. Henry Nash, Ester Dyke, 1818. 

Rob. C. Newby, Georgiana Ward, '03. Benj. Newlon, Nancy Kirtley, 1808. 
W. H. Newman, Josemeah Taeker,'04. Robt. Newman, Eliz. Latham, 1789. 
And. Newman, Mary AnneFennell, '89. Geo. Newlon, Polly Bourne, 1790. 
Jas. Newman, Mary Early, 1789. Jos. Nichlins, Eliz. Calvert, 1802. 

Jas. Nickens, Mary Berden, 1793. Mich. Nicols, Sallie Miller, 1801. 

Geo. Nicol, Hester Haines, 1811. ' Ben. Nicolson, ^Jliz. Shackelford; im 

Jno. Nicolson, Phoebe Jenkins, 1790. Jno. Nethers, Esther Dyke, 1802. 
Zepheniah Nooe, Sarah Kirtley, 1803. Jos. Norman, Mary Davis, 1806. 

Courtney Norman, Alice Jett, 1793. 
Isaac Norman, Sallie Watts, 1799. 

Thos. Norman, Sallie Utterback, 1796. 

Manyard Oakes, Sukey Rosson, 1797. 
Bamet O'Neil, Sallie' Embrey, 1807. 
Jno, O'Neil, Judy Settle, 1794. 
Jere. O'Dell, Polly Menefee, 1804. 
Gab. Oder, Mariah Monroe, 1805. 
Joel Oder, Jane Fletcher, 1795. 

Dan. O'Neil, Sp.rah Jennings, 1807. 
Jno. O'Neil, Eliz. Embrey, 1808. 
Jno. O'Neil, Phoebe Scott, 1789. 
Thos. C. Oden, Nancy Mason, 1822. 
Jno. Oder, Nancy Jenkins, 1807. 
Wm. Orr, P0II7 Gaines, 1789. 

Willis Overter, Susannah St urman, '91. Obadiah Ovei-ter, EUender Crow, 1TB8., 
Harrison Owen, Lucy Vaughan, 1808. Dan. Palmer, Susannah Henseley, '88. 
Rich. Parks,Anne Faver, 1796. Elisah Partlow, Frances Menefee, 1808 

Jas. Parsons, Lucy Myrtle, 1789. 


Thos. Patton, Betsey Moss, 1804. Wm. Paul, JjEme Grewis, 1821. 

Bennett Payne, Polly McKenzie, 1801. Rich. Payne, Mary Major, 1795. 

Wm. Payne, Avee Garnett, 1793. Elefas Payne, Nancy Curtis, 1818. 

Jas. Peekj Charlotte Clatterbuck,'93. Foushee Pellett, Fannie Vaughan, 1808. 

Jno. Pemmington, Cath. Vint. 1797. 
Thos. Pendleton, Jane Farmer, 1794. 
Chas. Perry, Anne Washington, 1808. 
Jno. Perry, Susannah Utterback, '97. 
Jos. Peyton. Nancy Estes 1800. 
Jno. Payne, Polly Butler, 1805. 
Thos. Peyton, Anne Lambkin, 1792. 
Isaac Peyton, Nancy Grimsley, 1809. 
Wm. Pewis, Jane Burke, 1792. 
Geo. Petty, Patsy Hansbrough,'08. 
Polly Petty, Frances Hill, 1799. 
Geo. Phillips, Eliz. Hershberger,'08. 
Solo. Phillips, Anna Huffman, 1789. 
Jas. Pierce, Eliz. Crawford, 1782. 
Jno. Pierce, Nancy McGuinn, 1786. 

EdW. Pendleton, Sarah Strother, 179i 
Edmund Pendleton, Eliz. Ward, 1800. 
Pierce Perry, Ellen Corbin, 1810. 
Peter Peters, Mary Simius, 1786. 
Geo. Peyton, Susannah Cogell, 1792. 
James Peyton, Bet. Saunders, 1808. 
Isaaiah Peyton, Millie Campbell, 1800. 
Benj. Peyton, Henrietta Swindler, '15.. 
Larkin Petty, Polly Fore, 1807. 
Jas. Pettie, Polly Alsopp, 1797. 
Thornton F. Petty, Eliz. Grinnan, '20. 
Jno. Phillips, Eleandr Casey, 1786. 
Jno. Pickett, Polly Samuel, 1796. 
Jno. Pierce, Sallie Jeffries, 1786. 
Reab. Pierce, Mariah Simms^ 1819. 

•Shadrach Pierson, Rach. Clinch, 1781. Spencer Pinkard, Betsey Marshall, '99. 

Thos. Finer, Eliz. Swindler, 1791. 

Jno. Pitcher, Lucy Thornhill, 1790. 

John Pitts, Priscilla Utterback, 1793. 

Jas. Pollard, Amelia Tutt, 1812. 

Francis Poo, Mary Allen, 1805. 

Gerard Popham, Kesiah Boughan, '95. Jno. Popham, Eliz. Brown, 1795. 

Hawkins Popham, Reb'ca Hawkins, '17. 

Reub. Porch, Nancy Asher, 1792. Wm. Porter, Ellen Morton, 1791. 

Jno. Porter, Lydia Rees, 1821. Sam. Porter, Aisley Withers, 1^ 

Wm. R. Pennell, Anna Murphy, 1799. 
Jacob Petit, Hally Fryar, 1800. 
Elijah Pollard, Cath: Garner, 1797. 
Rob. Pompkins, Polly Gray, 1798. 
Humphrey Popham, Bet Hawkins, '88. 

Poulter, Nancy Marder, 1788. . 
Pound, Patsey W. Faulconer,'98. 

pose Powell, Fran. Payne, 1810. 

iah Powell, Mary Wilhoite, i788. 

aa Pratt m. Mary Beckham, 1789. 

Pritchell m. Eliz. Compton, 1815. 
Pritchard, Rebecca Anderson, ^93 
Pulliam, Dilly Bumgardner, '92. 


Wm. Polter, Jane Willis, 1788. 
Win. Powell, Betsey B. Simms, 1810. 
Benj. Powell, Eliz. Greene, 1786. 
Thos. Pratt, Eliz. Smith, 1796. 
Jesse Pratt, Milly Johnson, 1813. 
Wm. Pritchard, Nellie Dodson, 1791. 
Thos. Palliam m. Kesiah Brown, 1786. 
Jno. Purley m. Sarah Doggett, 1824. 


Juesenberry, Nancy Tlirelkeld,'00. 


s Race, Mary Tomlin, 1802. Jno. Race, Ellen Williams, 1803. 

Railsback, Rocany Clore, 1788. Geo. Raison, Franky Majof, 1789. 
b Ramey, Mary Latham, 1803. Wm. Rambottom, Clara Jenkins. 1798. 
Randolph, Nancy Jennings, 1793. James Randolph, Susannah Duval, '90. 
s. Rassor, Sarah Simms, 1780. 
in Razer, Harriet Sims, 1818. 
F. Reed, Emily Ballard, 

Jac. Raxor, Susannah Snyder, 1787. 

Phil. Reed, Eliz. Chewning, 1792. 

Griffin Reed, Eliz. Chewning, 1792. 

Jno. Reason, Mary Moss, 1804. 

Dan. Rector, Eliz. Coons, 1792. 

Morris Redman, Sukey Redman, 1824. 

Rob. Reynolds, Mary Taliaferro, 1790. 

Elijah Rice, Jallah Gamett, 1806. 

Jno. Rice, Lucy Jones 1791. 

James B. Rice, Susannah Wallis, 1800. 

I Reed, Eliza A. Ficklin,1820. 
Reaser, Martha Simms, 1818. 
>. Redman, Millie Redman, 1804. 
Rees, Anna Allan, 1795. 
. Reynolds, Sarah Fewel, 1786. 
iel Rice, Fannie Garnett, 1808. 
. Rice, Eliz. Tinsley, 1790. 
nas Richards, Nancy Howen, 1806. Jno. Richardson, Su. Clatterbuck, 1801. 
I. Richardson, Polly M. Carder,'15 Sanard Ricketts, Eliz. Compton, 1801. 
Rider, Patsy Lillard, 1806. Arch. Rider, Peggy Gaines, 1787. 

Riffler, Millard Burris, 1785. Jno. Rivercomb, Polly Jenkins, 1812. 

Roberson,Bettie Rakestraw, 1815. Jas. Roberts, Betsy Roberts, 1792. 
Roberts, Eliza Field, 1824. Jno. Roberts, Susannah Abbott, 1801. 

•y Roberts, Eliz. Maddox, 1792. Geo. Roberts, Anne Hitt, 1791. 

Sam. Robertson, Rachel Ricketts, 1824. 

Spencer Robinson, Mary Utterback,'97. 

Joseph Rogers,' Wallard, 1796. 

Robertson, Anne Grin nan, 1795. 

Robertson, Anne Cooper, 1817. 

Rodgers, Mary Turner, 1811. 
ress Rogers, Sophia Miller, 1792. 
Rogers, Sarah Kirtley,1791. 
« Rollins, Mary Smith, 1787. 

Roman, Polly Smith, 1794. 
Rose, Sallie Marshall, 1807 

Ross, Jane O'Neal, 1784. 
. L. Rosson, Polly Collins, 1816. 
N. Rosson, Fran. Colvin, 1824. 
I Routt jr., Eliz. Duncan, 1794. 
. Routt, Peggy Mitchell, 1812. 
. Rowe, Mary Powell, 1791. 
;. Rucker, Sallie Gaines. 1806. 
Backer, Mary Terrill, 1782. 

Radacilla, Eliz. Vaughan, 1795. 

Aaron Rogers, Eliz. Bumgardner, 1798. 
Jno. Rollins, Mary Monroe, 1808. 
Wm. Rollins, Nancy Golden, 1815. 
Ijeven Rose, Susannah Bawsell, 1802. 
Reub. Ross, Sallie Terrill, 1791. 
Gab. Rosson, Polly Pinkard, 1800. 
Benj. Rosson^ Sarah Collins, 1821. 
David Rosson, Cat y Gaines, 1801. 
John Routt, Sarah Tutt, 1794. 
Wm. Rowe, SaUie Towles, 1787. 
Wm. Ruch, Nancy Crain, 1787. 
Reub. Rucker, Mildred Tinsley, 1785. 
Joel Rucker, Amey Young, 1791. 

Phillip •Rudacilla,Mary Vaughan, 1792. 
. Rndacilla, Kesiah Baugher, 1797. lAwson Rudacilla, Harriet Oder, 1821. 
. Rumsey, Marj' Gaines, 1790. Ephraim Rush, Eliz. Moore, 1790. 


Ephraim Kush,ElJz. Marshall, 1828. 
Wm. Rutter, Polly Creal, 1809. 
Thos. Pratt, Celia Golden, 1805. 

Jno. Russell, Jane Reynolds, 1788. 
Dan. Rynor, Ellz. Fleshman, 1786. 


Jones Safer, Mary Dunaway,J1794. Jos. Sampson, Polly Coleman, 178i 

Wm. Sampson, Sallie Coleman, 1784. Moses Samuel, Rosan. Zimmerman, ^. 

Jno. Sanord, Amelia Homer, 1809, Jno. Sampson, Ellen Button, 1816. 

Jno. Sanders, Sallie Williams, 1796. *'Jas. Saunders, Eliz. Camp, 1806. 

Nath. Saunders, P. F. McQuinn, 1815. Chas. Scro^frgins, Lucy Fergerson, 1799. 

Reub. Scott, Susannah Petty, 1789. Moore Scott, Rachael Popham, 1786. 
Young Scott, Sallie Tapp, 1800. Zadoch Sedwick, Eliz. Murphy, 1803. 

Abner Settle, Nancy Pennel, 1804. Wm. Settle, Nancy Pickett, 1804. 

Abra. Settle, Abigail Cummings, '08. Calvert Settle, Sallie Turner, 1806. 

Meriman Settle, Mary Dell, 1787. 
Joseph Settle, Eliz. Miller, 1809. 

Jas. Settle, Eliz. Spilman, 1799. 
Jos. Settle, Rach. Jordon, 1811. 

Gaden Settle, Cath. Humphrey, 1821. Jno. Shackelford, Sallie Coleman, 1808. 
Dud. Shackelford, Win. Water8pon,'84. Wm. Shackelford, Sallie Suddith, '08. 
Jno. Shackelford, Peggy Newby, 1794. Charles Shackelford, Poly Menifee,1798. 
Mallo. Shackelford, Mary Coleman, '02. Zach. Shackelford, Fran, Lillar^ 1811. 
Jas. Shackelford, Cath. Beasy, 1813 Caleb Shackelford, Lu. McDonald,— 
Jac. Shank, Rebecca Tobin, 1804. Rob. Shelton, Alpha Vawter, 1790. 

Thos. Shever8,Anna L. Pendleton, '12. Jon. Singleton, Isabell Jett, 1796. 
Ambrose Shipp, Nellie Barnes, 1789. Edw. G. Shipp, Harriett Mauzy, 1821. 
Mich. Short, Esther Province, 1800. Jas. Shotwell, Polly Crain, 1788. 
Thos. Shelton, Mild. Zimmerman, '03. Manson Simmons, Eliz. Newton, 1808. 
Larkin Sim8,Mary Anne Swindler, '17. Jno. W. Simms, Nancy Dulaney, 1824 
Jas. Sims, Jemimah Tucker, 1820. Jno. W. Sims, Nancy B. Dulaney, 1824. 

Elias C. Simms, Sophia Cheek, 1824. Rob. Sims, Eliz. Tatum, 1822. 

Jas. L. Sims, Eliz. Pratt, 1817. 
Jno, Sims, Peggy Baxter, 1797. 
Caleb Sims, Eleanor Poulter,- 

Abner Sims, Mary Saunders, 1789. 

Reub. Sims, Sarah Tatum, 1787. 

Jerry Sims, Eliz. Sanders, 1794. 

Henry Sims, Peggy Marshall, 1809. 

Edm. Sims, Lavinia Tucker, 1809. 

Thos. Standley, Susannah Smith,1781. Alex. Stanford, Mary Adams, 1H03. 

Geo. W. Sims, Judith N. Dulaney, 1816. 

Benj. Sims, Anne Butler, 

Jas. Sims, Jane Towle8,1790. 
Wm. Sims, Mildred Baxter, 1787. 
Jas. Sims, Pattie Smith, 1794. 
Jno. Sims, Peggy Baxter, 1796. 
Rob. Sims, Polly Marston, 1791. 
Martin Sims Polly Wilhoite, 1805. 

Jas. Starting, Polly Norman, 1793. 
Jas. Stevenson, Susan. Hanback,'89. 
Jas. Sleet, Rach. White, 1791. 
Rob. Stevens, Fran. Rosson, 1793. 
Rob. Steal, Alice Taylor, 1798. 
Jno. Stuart, Caty Campbell, 1793. 
Henry Stipes, Betsy Hampkin, 1800. 
Jno. Stonesiffer, Mary Huffman, 1790. 
Jno. Stokesburn, Sarah Cowgill, 1804. 
Wm. Stokes, Nancy Shaw, 1791, 
Fran. Story, Susannah Kelly, 1791. 
Wm. Story, Eliz. Yowell, 1790. 
Russell Story, Eliz. Rivercomb, 1812. 
Elijah Stout, Eliz. Tumham, 1798. 
Jac. Stout, Mildred Bellenger, 1796. 

James Stevenson, Sarah Harden, 1786. 
Sam. Stephenson, Eliz. Pierce, 1795. 
Wm. Steptoe, Eliz. Cral, 1808. 
Wm. Stevens, Caty Core, 1799. 
Jos. Steward, Sarali Roberts, 1796. 
Chas. Stuard, Lucy Collins, 1822. 

Sam. Storrow, Eliz. Carter, 1819. 

Ephraim Stonesiffer, Julia Wihoite,'92. 

David Stokesberry, Fran. Cocke, 1801. 

Phil. StockdeU, Sail. Sampson, 1788. 

Jno. Story, Nancy Creal, 1788. 

Jas. Story, Lucy Johnston, 1797. 

Reub. Stout, Mary Van Dyke, 178i 

Peter Stout, Mary Sherwood, 1798. 

Jas. Stout, Abigrail Holloway, 1799. 


3tringfellow, Kitty Nalle, 1818. Jno. Strother, Sallie Pendleton, 1804. 

Strother, Milly Medley, 1790. Geo. Strother, Mary Duncan, 1798. 
eh Strother,Mary A.Browning,'13. Jno. Strother, Eliz. Brown, 1814. 
>y Sudduth, Nan. Shackelford, '10. Hezeklah Soutter, Eliz. Brown, 1804. 

Sullivan, Eliz. Brown. 1801. Elijah Suttle, Aggy Miller,1795. 

Swindle, Catharine Rasor, 1786. Gf-eo. Swindle, Hannah Cornelius, 17901 

Swindler, Rach. Fryer, 1787. Henry Swindler, Peggy Boston, 

ton Swindler, Sallie Bryant, 1810. Alex. Simson, Anne Harrison, 1783. 

Hey Simpson,Eliz. Farrow, 1812. John Sine, Phoebe Sine, 1802. 

I Sisk, Patsy Jenkins, 1805. Richard Sisk, Clara Jenkins, 1806. 

Sisk, Nancy Chishom, 1795. Benj. Sick, Eliz. McAllister, 1786. 

iett Sisk, Mary Campbell, 1787. Pluright Sisk, Ruth Boone, 1790. 

. Sisk, Nelly Chilton, 1799. Jno. Sisk, Eliz. Fincham, 1813. 

Sisson, Eliz. Brown, 1807. Torpley Sisson, MoUie Pound, 1798. 

Sisison, PoUie Brown, 1798. Hugh Skinner, Sarah Jasper, 1812. 

Skinner, Betsey Trenton, 1802. Elijah Skinner, Eliz. Jackson, 1788. 

I Skinner, Elener Brandorn, 1802. R. Y. Slaughter, Mary G. Green, 1799 

Slaughter, Sallie Hopper, 1811. Wm. Slaughter, Frances H. Brown, '11. 

Slaughter, Harriet Ficklin, 1813. Thos. Slaughter, Martha Moore, 1824 

Ling Sleet, Rebecca West, 1798. Jno. Smith, Nancy Finks, 1803. 

Smith, Sallie Rush, 1808. Joel Smith, Sarah Fincham, 1803. 

:man Smith, Betsey Carper, 1808. Jno. Smith, Patea Hayne, 1816. 

. Smith, Eliz. Rogers' 1784. Jno. Smith, Eliz. Bowry, 1793. 

Smith, Jerusha Scott, 1791. Wm. Smith, Lucy Wright, 1786. 

Smith, Cath. Carper, 1764. Jno. Smith, Nancy Porter, 1788. 

Smith, Mary Colvin, 1796. Owen Smith, Agnes Hill, 1793. 

Smith, Dinah Ya,ger, 1792. Rob. Smith Jr., Sallie Watts, 1791. 

Smith, Eliz. Fry, 1798. Brisco Smith, Jane Pratt, 1800. 

Smith, Susannah Wickoflf, 1793. Jesse Smith,. Joaiinah Pendleton, 1796. 

. Smith, Rosannah Yager, 1791. Martin Smith, Fannie Roberts, 1792; 

\ Smith Sr., Susannah Smith, '91. Caleb Smith, Jennie Scott, 1799. 

Smith, Anne Carper, 1802. Isacher Smith, Anne S. Calvert, 1811. 

Ion Smith, Lucy Browning, 18 1 4. Pres. N. Smith, Nancy Conner 1819. 

Smith, Petia Hangue, 1810. Adam T. Smith, Sarah Colvin, 1820. 

W. Smith, Mary Bishop, 1813. Gab. Smither, Gilly Calvert, 1801. 

Smither, Mary Greenway, 1808. Leo. Smoot, Abigail Heaton, 1799. 

Smoot, Anne Cannaday, 1798. Alex. Smoot, Anne Hawkins, 1798. 

Smoot, Susannah Haden, 1795. Benj. Smoot, Pamelia Mills, 1818. 

11a Snailing, Eliz. Shotwell, 1791. Fielding Sneed, Eliz. Crutcher, 1794. 

Snyder, Mary Christopher, 1788. David Snyder, Martha Bryan, 1788. 
Snyder, Winnifred Campbell, '83. Jos. Snyder, Sallie Campbell, 1809. 

W. Somei'sall, Fran. Stevens, 17. Cain Spicer, Eliz. Lucas, 1805. 

Spicer, Mary Towels, 1787. Moses Spicer^ Polly Moore, 1798. 

lorn Spicer, Mahala Moore, '19. Wm. Spiller Nancy Sullivan, 1809. 

. B. Spilman, Lucy G. Payne, '22. Conway S pi I man, Nancy Mason, 1815. 
Spilman, Adeline Allan, 1824. 


Taliaferro, Alice Lukie, 1795. Henry Taliaferro, Eliz. Lovell. 1800. 

TaliafeiTO, Nancy Tutt, 1811. Wm. Tannahill, Henrietta Fogg, 1814. 

b Tanner, Mary Collins, 1823. John Tanner, Irene Collins, 1813. 

elius Tanner, Su. Collins, 1812. Jno Tanner, Susannah Good, 1791. 

Tate, Anne West, 1787. Johan Taten, Susannah Bayne, 1818. 


Wm. Tatum, Polly Lucus, 1797. 
Geo. Taylor, Sallie Fishback, 1799. 
Jas. Taylor, Eliz. Atkins, 1798. 
Henry Telph, Anne Powell, 1782. 
Thos. Thatcher, Jane Menefee, 1797. 
Joel Terrill, Lucy Marshall, 1806. 
Wm. Terrell, Lydia Coffman, 1814. 
Elisha Thomas, Leana Zigler, 1788. 
Nesley Thomas, Mary Hughes, 1808. 
John Thompson, Nancy Pierce, '21. 
Martin Thompson, Rebecca Foster, '13 
Jno. Thompson, Mild. Raines, 1790. 
Jos. Thompson, Johanah Hall, 1793. 
Jos. Thornhill, Eliz. Butler, 1812. 
Jos. ThornhiU, Sallie Westall, 1802. 
Jno. Thornton, Nancy Shannon, 1822. 
Jas. Threlkeld, Eliz. Garner, 1794. 
Jas. Threlkeld, Polly Cosper, 1789. 
Dan. Threlkeld, Lucy Duncan, 1799. 
Catlett Tiffer, Fran. Asher, 1804. 
Wm. Tinsley, Fran. Rogers, 1782. 
Nath. Tobin, Marg. Cammeral, 1809. 
Rob. Toombs, Sallie Catlett, 1798. 
Jno. Tompkin, Mary Gibson, 1816. 
Geo. Towels, Eliz. Bowers, 1815. 
Wm. Towles, Damsel Lucas, 1816. 
Henry Towles, Uphias Tucker, 1792. 
Sanford Triplett, Mary Flinn, 1821. 
Dan. Triplett, Susannah Botts, 1791. 
Jas. Trigger, Polly Green, 'l798. 
Littleton Tucker, Rach. Threlkeld, '01 
Jno. Tucker, Nancy Tobin, 1798. 
Wm. Tucker, Jemimah Lewis, 1798. 
Allan Tucker, Polly Mawrey, 1810. 
Zeph. Turner, Susannah Tutt, 1816. 
Dan. Turner, Billy Bryan, 1815. 
Rich. Turner, Fran. Hume, 1802. 
Zeph. Turner, Sallie M. Cornier, 1800. 
Sam, Turner, Abigail Haines, 1793. 
Jas. Turner, Delphia Garner, 1807. 
Jas. Turner, Betsey, Turner, 1805. 
Larkin Turner, Peggy Kline, 1803. 
Jas. Tutt, Lucinda Colvin, 1816. 
Gab. Tutt, Millie Menefee, 1812. 
Wm. Tutt, Winnie Pulliam, 1792. 
Ben. Twisdell, Eliz. Zimmerman, '16. 
Wm. B. Tyler, Emily Hurt,. 1819. 

Spencer Tavel, Lucy Morgan, 1805. 

John Taylor, Cath. Harmey, 1815. 

Edmund Taylor, Eliz. Utz, 1791. 

Nath. Thead, Nellie CampbeU, 1812. 

Phil. Tettason, Eliz. Day, 1817. 

Jno. Terrill, Rebecca Comelins, 1789. 

Ben. Thomas, Eliz. Gaines, 1799. 

Massey Thomas Eliz. Barbour, 1785. 

Elijah Thomas, Nancy Hughes, 1803. 

Wm.A. Thompson, Mild. T.Norman,'18. 
. Walter Thompson, Isabel Brown, 1802. 

Thos. Thompson, Frances Ross, 17W. 

Bryant Thornhill, Fran. Jones, 1817. 

Reub. Thornhill, Sallie Shingletoii,'96. 

Benj. Thornton, Anne Poner, 1791. 

Jas. Thornton, Sallie Hawkins, 1796. 

Jajs. Threlkeld, Anne Kelly, 1784. 

Moses Threlkeld, Sarah Whitehead,'95. 

John Threlkeld, Patsy Furgoson, 1811. 

Mecajaole Tinel, Charlotte Appleby,'05. 

Isaac Tobin, Winnie Shackelford, 1811. 

Nathan Tobin, Sallie Coudy, 1801. 

Christine Tomlin, Lucy Wright, 1801. 

Wm. Tomlin, Sarah Wright, 1801. 

Oliver Towles, Eleanor Wilhoite, 1816. 

Jos. Towles, Polly Wetherall, 1786. 

Geo. Towles, Fran. Mason, 1800. 
Alf. Triplett, Anne Oder, 1814. 

Hedgman Triplett, M.McClannahan,'88. 

John Tucker, Clarissa B. Smith, 1812. 
. Stephen Tucker, Eliz. Crawley, 1801. 
Moses Tucker, Uyly Goodman, 1793. 

Thos. Tucker, Nancy Simms, 1808. 

Jno. Tuckwiller, Polly Edwards, 1813. 

Rob. Turner, J^ancy Wise, 1816. 

Leonard Turner, Sallie Campbell, 1800. 

Armistead Turner, Mollie Kennedy,'99. 

Benj. Turner, Agatha Watts, 1789. 

Joshua Turner, Mary Corley, 1792. 

Martin Turner, Hannah Marshall, 1806. 

Rawley Turner, Nancy Hopper, 1808. 

Thos. Tutt, Sallie Parks, 1787. 

Rich. Elsie Tutt, Malinda Roystfer, '12. 

Jas. L. Tutt, Lucy Finks, 1800. 

Rich. J. Tutt, Millie Conner, 1795. 

Geo. Twyman, Anne Twyman, 1790. 

Jas. Tye, Frankie Collins, 1801. 


Jos. Underwood, WinnieHenderson, '82. Dan. Updyke, Ruth Heaton, 1799. 
Amiss Updyke, Sarah Updyke, 1821. Lewis Utz, Mary Carpenter, 1790. 
Jno. Utz, Eliz. Christler, 1788. ThompsonUtterback,Bet. Vaughan,'. 


Vaughan, May Green, 1809. Jno. Vaughan, Peggy Tobin, 1807. 

.11 Vaughan, Eliz. HUl, 1791. Olion Vaughan, Lilly Brown, 1821. 

Vandike, Anne Stout, 1791. Jesse VanHorn, Eliz. Pulliam, 1814. 

Vaughter, Eliz. Watts, 1791. Anthony Vermon, Fran. Quinn, 1790. 

VisCarver, Fran. Browning, 'C8. 


Waddle, Eliz. Haywood, 1792. Thos. Waggoner, Mary Gamett, 1786. 
isly Waggoner, Sarah Mitchell, '86. Geo. Waite, Mary Haynes, 1787. 

Walden, Lucy Hughes, 1794. Peter Waldridge, Fannie Black well, '07. 

Waldridge, Millie Hendrick, '05. Lawson Wale, Lucy Thornton, 1791. 
— Walker, Polly Perry, 1808. Jas. Walker, Jemimah Yager, 1793. 

Walker, Jr., Eliz. Parsons, 1820. Benj. Wall, Lucy Pinnell, 1792. 

Wall, Fannie Parsons, 1787. Win. Wall, Katy Margin, 1798. 

Wall, Mary Wall, . Rich. Wall, Sukie Vermon, 1790. 

Wallace, Eliz. Yates, 1806. Oliver Wallis, Anna Wright, 1795. 

Wallis, Mildred Walker, 1791. Elias Walters, Sallie Gaunt, 1799. 
Ward, Polly W. Strother, 1805. Wm. Ward, Sarah Vermon, 1782. 
► Ward, Sallie Quinn, 1788. Jas. Ward, Fran. Jenkins, 1789. 

Ward, Marg. Keys,. 1816. Geo. W. Ward, Susan W. Fishback,'20. 

I Washburn, AgathaEthenton,'92. Wm. Waters, Mary Brown, 1787. 
Watts, Susannah Lewis, 1788. Jno. Watts, Sallie Sebree, 1788. 
I Way land, Judah Burke, 1803. Joshua Way land, Rachel Utz, 1781. 
la Wayland, Anne Ward, 1792. Harman Wayman, Fran. Clore, 1792. 

Weakley, Mary Berry, 1804. Wm. Weakley, Susan Sisk, 1814. 

ias Weaver, Eleanor Wayland,'91. Lewis Webb, Nellie Threlkeld, 1807. 
• Webb, Fannie Gosney, 1799. Aug. Webb, Lucy Crittenden, 1788. 

Weedeh, Eliz. Farmer, 1795. Isaiah Welch, Agnes Hawkins, 1795. 

Vetherspon, Mary Gin, 1788. Bev. Wharton, Judith Clatterbuck,'04. 

Wharton, Nancy Butler, 1805. Jno. Wharton, Eliz. Smith, . 

Wiharton, Eliza Colvin, 1823. Wm. Wheatley, Susannah Grig8by,'92. 

Wheatley, Susannah Cooper, '00. Thornton Wheatley, Sallie Miller, 1817. 
Wheeler, Alice Hawford, 1792. Geo. Wheeler, Lydia Calvert, 1794. 
en White, Polly Parsons, 1807. Jas. White, Anne Buckhan, 1810. 
L White, 'Mildred Alexander, 1783. Thos! White, Mildred Graves, 1788. 
W^hite, Lucy Waggoner, 1795. Jere. White, Racfiel Herndon, 1790. 

iVhitehead, Marg. Peyton, 1801. Vincent Whitehead, Eliz. Clifton, 1791. 
WThitehead, Eliz. Routt, 1794. Nelson Whitehead, Eliz. Coleman, '92. 

^hitescarver, Eliz. Browning, '04. Rob. White8carver,SallieBrowning,'09. 
W^hitesides, Katie Coons, 1789. Perrin Whitney, Mary Whitehead, '16. 
Whyly, Nancy Pulham, 1787. Wm. Wiatt, Fran. Levell, 1811. 

W^igginton, Mary M. Bell, 1795. Wm. Wilhoite, Eliz. Weaver, 1806. 
Dlds Wilhoite, Lucy Towles, 1815. Lewis Wilhoite, R. Blankenbaker, '87. 
Wilhoite, Anna Clore, 1787. Jno. Wilhoite, Jennie Story, 1794. 

Wilhoite, Jemimah Lucas, 1789. Moses Wilhoite, Anne Hume, 1789. 
Wilks, Anne Adams, 1794. Alex. Williams, Nancy Price, 1809. 

R. Williams, Marian Brown, '99. Jos. Williams, Eliz. Settle, 1795. 

Williams, Mary Mozingo, 1806. Elijah Williams, Mary Holland, 1821. 
WTillis, Edna Bragg, 1802. Moses Willis, Susannah White, 1791. 

WTillis, Jane Dogan, 1786. Chas. Willis, Lucy Shelton, 1794. 

.rd Willis, Frances Towles, 1787. Thos. Willis, Mary Wood, 1818. 
Willis, Emily Hudson, 1824. Joshua Willis, Arcy Willis, 1815. 


Isaac Wilson, Eliz. Coolie, 1793. 

Isaac Wilson, Anna Gamett, 1798. 

Tlios. Winsor, Lydia Hasby, 1802. 

Jas. Wise, Sallie Ethrington, 1806. 

Manning Wise, Eliz. Barbour, 1793. 

Cuthbert Wise, Mary Thornton, 1816. 

Peter Witham, Mary Dicken, 1790. 

Mathias Withers, Oath. Spencer, 1794. 

Peter Womack, Cresser Utterback,'86. Alex. Womax, -Jemijah Steptoe, 1808. 

Wm. Wood, Prances Browning, 1802. Wm. Wood, Mary Anne Clarke, 1790. 

Jos. Woodard, Belvey Bowling, 1808. Wm. Woodward, Dusilla Jenkens, 1834. 

Wm. Woodard, Susannah Hisle, 1791. Wm. Woodard, Anne Bamhisle, 1798. 

Geo. Woodard, Nancy Chilton, 1810. Jas. Woodard, Anne Young, 1800. 

Chas. Woodard, Sallie Hisle, 1811. Jno. Woodard, Polly Martin, 1815. 

Chas. Woodard, Nancy Prazier, 1815. Jno. Wright, Presey Corbin, 1809. 

Sam. Wilson, Nancy Sutherland, 1790. 
Pres. Wilson, Eliz. Mason, 1817. 
Wm. Winnard, Kebecoa Eleason, 1821. 
Jno. Wise, Dolly Morriss, 1797. 
Wm. Wise, Lucy Etherton, 1816. 
Alex. Wisher, Eliz. Doores, 1816. 
Jno. Weatherall, Eliz. Chapman, 1788. 
Elijah Withers, Jemimah Hudnell, '99. 

Rich. Wright, Anne Story, 1798. 
Rich. Wright. Anne Smith, 1799. 
Nath. Wright, Clary Baldick, 1813. 

Chas. Wright, Polly Holmes, 1796. 
Chas. D. Wright, Lucy Mason, 1801. 

Jos. Yager, Sallie Chich, 1806. 
John Yager, Marg. Wilhoite, 1791. 
Elisha Yager, Eliz. Yager, 1786. 
Adam Yager, Anne Dicken, 1792. 
Nich. Yager, Jemimah Yager, 1790. 
Nath. Yager, Betsey Hudson, 1789. 
Lud. Yancey, Eliz. Jeflfries, 1792 
Geo. Yates, Polly Browning, 1800. 
Ben. Yates, Alice Fennell, 1803. 
Abner Yates, Clara Smith, 1795. 
Warner Yates, Eliz. Baxter, 1789. 
Wm. Yates, Eliz. Lillard, 1818. 
Ben. Yates, Eliz. Jury, 1817. 
Benj. Young, Sarah Williams, 1809. 
Cnas. Young, Sallie Mayer, 1791. 
Yowell, Sallie Chilton, 1808. 

Jno. Yager, Anna Cabler, 1809. 
Nich. Yager, Anne Wayland, 1786. 
Jno. Yager, Hannah Yager, 1786. 
John Yager, Anne Carpenter, 1790. 
Ephraim Yager, Sarah Rodeheifer, ^1. 
Birkett D. Yancey, Mil. Menefee, 1808. 
Jas. Yates, Polly Browning, 1812. 

Geo. Yates, Eliz. Browning, 1798. 

Wm. Yates, Isabella Gaines, 1786. 

Fran. Yates, Peggy Hughes, 1798. 

Boswell P. Yates, C. A. Gaines, 1818. 

Garnet Yates, Fran. Yates, 1815. 

Warner Yates, MUd. J. Menefee, 1819. 

Sam. Young, Marg. Rogers, 1789. 

Sam. Young, Mary Coons, 1786. 

Wm. Yowell, Lucy Shipp, J.791. 

Wm. Yowell, Semphronia Wilhoite, '21. Wesley Yowell, Jatsey Tucker, 1824. 
Benj. Yager, Anna Chistler, 1790. 

Wm, Zachary, Anne Rice, 1787. 
John Zimmerman, Eliz. Fewel, 1791. 
Mich. Zimmerman, Eliz. Huffman, '91. 

Reub. Zimmerman, Eliz. Zigler, 1785. 
Dan. Zimmerman, Mary Carter, 179i 



Prom various sources, all of which we consider most reliable and accurate, 
the publishers have gathered the following information, which is appended 
in a condensed form. We have endeavored to give all the possible data that 
could be obtained, in which Culpeper people, or descendants of Oulpeper peo- 
ple, might be interested. 


1700 to 1896. 

Paul Micou, b. 1658, d. 1736, a Huguenot, left his home at Nantes soon af- 
ter the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685.) 

After some years of exile, ^probably in England, he finally settled on the 
Rappahannock River, in Essex Co., before 1695. His wife (maiden name sup- 
posed, but without, evidence, to be Margaret Roy or LeRoy) and his children 
accomf^anied him. Accounts vary as to his profession; judging from this 
clause in his will: **I give my friend. Dr. Mungo Roy, all my physick books and 
a gold ring," he was a physician. On the other hand, the fact that he was a 
Justice of the Peace as early as 1700, seems to point to his having some knowl- 
edge of law. The author of "The Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," in the 
Va. Hist. Collections, states that he was educated to the Bar. He served as 
Justice of the Peace in Essex county, from 1700 to 1720; his son, Paul, from 1740 
to 1760; and his grandson, Paul, from 1780 to 1799. He judiciously invested in 
land and slaves, owing at the time of his death, in addition to the Port Micou 
estate, large tracts of land in King George Co., in Pewmansand, and 800 acres 
in Spotsylvania County. 

Bishop Meade, in his "Old Churches, Ministers aud Families of Virginia," 
mentions Rev. Wm. Giberne, who became minister of Lunenburg Parish, 
Richmond county, in 1762, and adds "he married a daughter of Moore Faunt 
LeRoy and Margaret Micou. Her father was Paul Micou, a Huguenot who 
fled from Nantes before 1700." "At the old Port Micou estate on the Rappa- 
hannock, may still be seen the large, heavy ironstone or black marble head- 
stone of this Paul Micou, the first of the name who came into this country. By 
reason of its weight and the lightness of the soil, it sinks every few years 
somewhat beneath the earth but is raised up again." Rev. P. Slaughter, in 
his "Memoirs of Col. Joshua Fry," says "Col. Fry married the widow of Col. 
Hill, a large landed proprietor on the Rappahannock River. Her maiden 
name was Mary Micou, and she was a daughter of Paul Micou, physician and 
surgeon, a Huguenot exile from France. Another of his daughters married 
Lunsford Lomax, the grandfather of Judge John F. Lomax of Fredericksburg, 
Va. Another daughter married Moore Faunt LeRoy, a man of mark in his 
day, and the ancestor of the family of that name in Virginia." Paul Micou's 
children were as follows: 

1. Paul Micou, who inherited theHomestead, Justice of the Peace for Essex 
county, from 1741 to 1760. He died a bachelor. 2. John Micou, ra. Catherine 



Walker. Died 1754. 3. James Micou. 4. Henry Micou. 5. Mary Micou, m. 

Ist. Col. John Hill, 2nd Col. Joshua Fry. 6. Margaret Micou, m. Moore Faunt 

LeRoy. 7. Judith Micou, m. Lunsford Lomax. 8. Daughter, m. Seott, 

issue: Paul and Margaret. 9. Daughter m. Rev. Mr. Waddell, the blind 


[Note: The names in parenthesis or brackets denote the line of descent.] 
John Micou (Paul), m. Catherine Walker. Died 1754. Left issue: 
1. Paul m. Jeanne Roy. 2. John. 3. Richard m. Anne Boutwell. 4. Hen- 
ry m. Anne Hill. 5. William. 6. Clara m. Brooke. 7. Margaret. 8. 

Catherine m. Dr. Mungo Roy. 9. James. 


Paul Micou (John, Paul), m. Jeanne Roy died 1799, issue: 

1. Paul m. Mary Lee. 2. Catherine. 3. John m. Sarah Brooke; 4. Jeanne 
Roy, m. Walker Roy. 5. James Roy, m. Fanny Mathews. 

Richard Micou, (John, Paul), settled in Caroline Co., Va. He m. Anne 
Boutwell, issue: 

1. William m. Martha Ann Chatfield. 2. Henry. 3. John. 4. Samuel. 5. 
Catherine, m. John Garrett. 6. Margaret m. Thos. M. Barnett. 7. Anna m. 
Mr. Hudson. 8. Richard. 

HejiTRY Micou, (John, Paul), m. Anne Hill, issue: 1. Henry. 2. Bea#ix. 3. 


Paul Micou, (Paul, John, Paul), ra. Mary Lee. On the death of Paul 
Micou (4th) the Port Micou estate was sold out of the family. He died in 1821, 

1. Albert Roy m. Bettie M. Micou, dau. of Jas. Roy Micou. 2. Paul m. 
Fanny M. Micou, dau. of Jas. Roy Micou. 3. John H. m. C. C. Wood. 4. Ma- 
ria m. Rev. John Micou, son of John and Sarah (Brooke) Micou. 5. Felicia, ra. 
-^ Tupman. 6. Susan. 7. Betsy. 

John Micou, (Paul, John, Paul), m. Sarah Brooke of "Farmers' Hall," 1789, 
died 1848. He moved to Winsten county, Mississippi, issue: 

1. John m. Maria Micou, dau. of Paul and Mary (Lee) Micou. 2. Wm. F. 
m. Betsy Denholm. 3. Maria. 4. Susan m. Eugene Ferris. 5. Lucym. Eugene 
Ferris. 6. Harriet m. Eugene Ferris. 

James Roy Micou, (Paul, John, Paul), and Jeanne Micou m. Fanny Math- 
ews, issue: 

1. James Roy m. Ellen H. Jones. 2. Wm. F. m. Fannie McClanahan. 3. 
Maria. 4. Fannie m. Paul Micou, son of Paul and Mary (Lee) Micou. 5. Bet- 
ty m. Albert Roy Micou son of Mary (Lee) Micou. 6. Jeanne. 7. John P. 8. 
Eleanor R. 9. Ann O. L. 

William Micou, (Richard, John, Paul,) and Anne (Boutwell) Micou, was 
born in Caroline county, 1774. Left Virginia in 1795 and settled at Augusta, 
Ga. He died there in 1834. He married there, Martha Ann Chatfield, 1804. 
Her parents were from New Haven, Conn. Issue: 

1. Caroline Margaret,b. 1803. 2. Wm. Chatfield, b. 1807,m. Annie Davenport 
Thompson (Burkett Davenport Thompson, Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, 
Rev. John Thompson). 3. Matilda Ann, b. 1809 m. Geo. W. Morgan. 4. Mar- 
garet Camilla, b. 1810 m. Abner Stand ish Washburn. 5. Ellen Harriet, b. 1812, 
m. Andrew G. Bull. 6. Henry Oswell b. 1814, m. Martha M. Taliaferro. 7. 

Geo. Washington b. 1816, d. 1828. 8. Chas. Edwin, b. 1818, d. 1840. 9. Catherine 
Adeline, b. 1819, m. Frederick W. Jordan in 1836. 10. Clara Elizabeth, b 1821, - 
m. her cousin, Thomas M. Barnett, in 1845. 11. Martha Augusta, b. 1828, m. 
1st. Wheaton Baker 1861, 2nd. Burkett D. Fry of Virginia, at San Francisco, 
Cal., July 1853. He was the son of Thornton Fry (Rev. Henry Fry, Col. Joshua 
Fry), and Eliza Thompson, (Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, Rev. John 
Thompson). 12. Benjamin Hall, b. 1825, m. 1st Lucy Barnett, 2nd Mary J. C. - 
Sims. 13. George b. 1828, d. 1836. 14. Isaac Mix, b. 1830 m. Sarah V. Roberts. 

Henry Micou, (Richard, John, Paul), and Annie (Boutwell) Micou, wife's 
name unknown; issue: 

1. William Henry m. Caroline Cheathem. 2. Richard. 3. Jane, m. Green 


Albert Roy Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul,) and Mary (Lee) Micou, m. 
Bettie, dau. of James Roy and Fannie M. Micou. Issue: 

1. Albert Roy, Editor of ''Tidewater Times," Md. Has two children. 2. 
Nannie B. m. Davies. 3. William. 

Paul Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul,) and Mary (Lee) Micou, m. Fannie, 
dau. of James Roy and Fannie M. Micou. Issue: 

1. Frances m (ieo. Stark. 2. Stella. 3. James. 

JoHX H. Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul), Mary L. Micou, m. C. C. Woods. 

1. Edgar. 2. M. E. Micou, m. Bougham. 3. Olympia. 4. Kate 

Carter, m; John Micou, son of John and Sarah Micou. 5. Maria m. John 
Micou, son of John itnd Sarah Micou. 

John Micou, (John, Paul, John, Paul,) and Sarah (Brooke) Micou, m. his 
cousin Maria, dau. of Paul and Mary Lee Micou. Issue: 

1. Eliza. 2. Ellen. 3. Rebecca. 4. Mary, moved to Mississippi^ 

William F. Micou, (John, Paul, John, Paul,) and Sarah Brooke Micou, 
m. Betsv Denholm. Issue. 

1. Susan Lee m. Dr. L. Reese. 2. Wm. D. 3. Thos. B. m. Julia Mosely. 
4. John. ' % Margaret. 

James Roy Micou, (Jaines Roy, Paul, John, Paul,) b. 1807, m. Ellen H. 
Jones and settled in Essex Co., where he was clerk for 57 years. Died in 1892. 

1. James Roy, died. 2. Fannie B. m. Tom Roy of Spottsylvania Co. 3. 
Philip. 4. Nannie. 5. Susan. 6. EJlen. 7. Rosa G., m. G. D. Nicolson. 8. 
James Roy, m. Roberta Morrison, dau. of Prof. Morrison, of William and Mary 
Coilej?e. Jaines Roy Micou is now Professor in Washington College, Chester- 
town Md. 

William Chatfield Micou, b. 1807, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. 
Anna Davenport Thomjjson (Burkett Davenport, Hon. Philip Rootes. Rev. 
John Thompson) Feb. 1831. He was educated at the U. of Ga., studied law, 
and in 1835 removed to New Orleans, where he rose rapidly in his profession, 
becoming one of the most eminent members of the Xew Orleans Bar. He died 
in 1854. Issue: 

. 1. Thompson, b. 1833, d. 1889. 2. Susan Virginia, b. 1836, m. Ist George P. 
Hinf?, issue: Willie and Rita, m. 2nd her cousin Andrew Glassell, of California. 
Died 1895. 3. William, b. 1838 d. young. 4. Augustine S., b. 1841, d. 1888. 5. 
VTillle Annie, b. 1843, m. I. Tharpe. 6. Philip Rootes, b. 1845, d. 1858. 7. Rich 
«trd W^ilde, 1848, m. Mary Dunnica in 1872. 8. Henry, died young. 9. William 
Henry, b. 1853, m'. Susan Turrentin. 

Henry Oswkll Micox% (William, Richard, John, Paul) m. Martha M. Tal- 
iaferro 1835. Issue: 


1. Mar>' m. Dr. Geo. W. McDade. 2. David F. 3. Wm. Henry, m. Mary 
Phinizy, issae: Au^sta Louise. 4. Emily Augusta. 

Benjamin Hall Micou, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) settled in Tallas- 
see, Ala., where his uncle, Thos. M. Barnett, and his cousin and brother-in-law, 
Thomas M. Barnett Jr., had developed the water power on the Tallapoosa 
River. He became identified with them in the establishment of large cotton 
mills. He died 1887i He m. 1st his cousin, Lucy A. Barnett. Issue of first 

1. Clara E. m. Frank S. Boykin, issue: Marshall Boykin. 2. Lucy B. m. Ed- 
ward F. Noble, issue: two sons. 

He married 2nd Mary J. C. Sims, issue: 

1. Benjamin, m. Ella Herbert, dau. of Col. Hillary Herbert. 

Isaac Mix Micou, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. Sarah V. Roberts. 

1. Benjamin . 2. Ruth A. m. Joel Barnett. 3. Paul Isaac. 

William Henry Micou, (Henry, Richard, John, Paul), m. Caroline 
Cheathem. Issue: 

1. John. 2. Geo. Robert. 3. Caroline m. Mr. Clark. 4. Frank. 


Richard Wilde Micou,(William C, William, Richard, John, Paul,) was 
born in New Orleans in 1848. He was educated at the Universities of Georgia 
and Alabama. After the war he went abroad, and studied at the Universities 
of Erlangen, Bavaria, and of Edinburg, Scotland. He was ordained to the 
diaconate in 1870. Was advanced to the priesthood in his first parish ^t 
Franklin, La. 1872. In 1874 he took charge of St. Paul's Church, Kittanning 
Penn., aud in 1877 accepted a call to Trinity Church, Waterbury, Conn. ' In 
1892, Mr. Micou accepted a call to the Chair of Systematic Divinity, in the 
Philadelphia Divinity School. While there he received the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity, From Kenyon College, Ohio. In 1898, he was called to the same 
Chair in the Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Va., and removed there the 
same year. In 1872 he married Mary Dunnica, dau. of Granville Price Dumii- 
ca and Mary Ann Bagley; issue: 1. Granville R. born 1876, graduate at the 
University of Pennsylvania with honors in 1896. Graduated at the Virginia 
Theological Seminary in 1899. Ordained Deacon 1899 Ordained Priest 1900 by 
Bishop Nelson of Ga., in whose Diocese he is Missionary. 2. Richard Dunni- 
ca, b. 1882; 3. Paul, born 1885; 4. Margaret, born 1886. 

Wm. Hexry Micou, (Wm. C, William, Richard, John, Paul,) educated at 
the Uni. of the South, is now Secretary and Treasurer of the Tallassee Falls 
Mfg. Co., Montgomery, Ala, He married in 1879, Susie E. Turrentine ; issue : 
1. Morgan Turrentine, born, 1879. 2. William Chatfield, born 1883. 

Wm. Henry Micou, (Henry O., William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. Mary 
Phinizy; issue: Augusta Louise, bom 1876. 

Benj. Micou, (Benj. H., William, Richard, John, Paul,) after graduating 
at the University of the South, and taking a law course at the University of 
Va., was admitted to the Bar. For a time he was City Attorney of Anniston, 
Ala. About 1893, he was appointed Chief Clerk of the Navy T)ept. He is now 
in the law firm of Herbert & Micou, Washington. 

He married Ella Herbert, dau. of Col. Hillary Herbert, Sec. of the .Navy, 
issue : Hillary Herbert, Benjamin, Cresswell. 

Geo. Robert Micou, (William H., Henry, Richard, John, Paul,) issae 
George Robert, born 1886, Frank Lamar, born 1888, and several daughters. 

Catherine Adeline Micou, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. Fred.W. 
Jordan, 1S36. Iss: 1. Annie Eliza m. Dr. Phillips; 2. Martha; 3. George, m. Lis- 


eKambo;4. Reuben, m. Lucy Barnett; 5. Henry; 6. William; 7. Fred. 8. 
late m. Dr. Phillips ; 9. Walter; 10. Burkett Fry; 11. Mary Ellen, m W. N. 
[ampton; 12. Clara m. B. P. Richards. 


Daniel Grinnan, Sr., b. Accomac County, Va., 1739; removed to Culpeper 
dd settled on Cedar Run, near MitchelPs Sta. He served in the Revolution- 
r-y war under Gen. Edward Stevens, in a Virginia brigade. His eldest son, 
ohn, was in the quartermaster's department of the same brigade.^ His other' 
:iildren were Daniel Jr., and Sally. 

John Grinnan m. Stuart, and had William, who m. 1st. Shepherd, of Or- 
age; 2nd Elizabeth Welch, and had James Shepherd, Welch, Archibald, C. S. 
., Oswald, d. in Ala., and Elizabeth, m. Lewis Porter Nelson, of Culpeper. 

Daniel Grinnan Jr., m. Helen Buchan Glassell, of " Torthowald," Madison 
ounty, who was his second wife, he having m. Eliza Richards Green, dau. of 
imothy Green, who came from the North and settled at Fredericksburg. By 
Is second marriage he had 1. Robert Alexander who m. Robertine Temple, 
cid had Robert Temple, Helen Glassell and Walter Alexander, 2. Andrew 
lassell. who m. Georgia Screven Bryan, and had Randolph Bryan, m. Louisa 
rlena Leet, Daniel, Elizabeth Coalter, Cornelia Stuart, Andrew Glassell, St. 
eo. Tucker, Jno. Coalter and Georgia Bryan; 3. Daniel Morton ; 4. Eliza 
ichards ; 5. Cornelia ; 6. Helen Mary; 7. Daniel. 

James Grinnan, son of William, m. Belle Ham, lived in Texas, and had 
BUS. Frederick, Lewis Porter, Libbie, Lucile, Helen, Belle, Kate and 

William Welch,bro. of above Jas., m. Ann Wheatley, of Culpeper, and had 
lowell, nl. Tamar Gibbs, of Tyler, Texas; Mandeley, Archibald, Mary, Eliza- 
eth, m. Alexander Kelly, of Fauquier; Nannie; Margaret, m. Horace Chilton, 
\ 8. Senator from Texas ; Kate and Belle. 

Mary Elizabeth, dau. of William, m. Lewis Porter Nelson, and had Claude, 
William Porter, Henry Black well, George Archibald, Arthur Braxton, Lewis 
orter, Lizzie Edmondson, m. R. (i . Pace, of Danville; Kate Davis, m. ^helton 
'. Leake, of Texas; Maggie Belle, m. W. G. Neal, of Richmond ; and Lucille. 


The first of the name who came to Va., was Jas. Somerville, b. Glasgow, 
«ib. 23,1742; located at Fredericksburg, and became a wealthy merchant; d. at 
'ort Royal, April 25, 1798, having no heir of his body, and leaving his estate 
ihis nephew James, son of Walter and Mary (Gray) Somerville, of Scotland, 
"Ho was b. in Glasgow in 1777; d. Aug. 29, 1858. He came to Virginia in 1795, 
nd took possession of his inheritance, settling at '' Somervilla," on the Rapi- 
ttm, in 1810; he m. Mary Atwell, of.Fauquier, who d. Feb. 14, 1845. 


Col. Wm. Ball, b. 1615, d. 1680, m. Hannah Atherold, in London, 1638, and 
«id among others, Joseph, who m. Ist. Elizabeth Romney, 2nd. Mrs. Mary 

Joseph Ball, of "Epping Forest," by his marriage with Elizabeth Romney, 
«ui, among others, Hannah, m. Raleigh Travers; by his marriage with Mrs. 
ohnson ; he had Mary, who m. Augustine Washington, and was the mother 
f Gen. Geo. Washington. 

Raleigh Travers m. Hannah Bal],and had Elizabeth, who m. John Cooke. 


Travel's Cooke, son of John, m. Mary, daa. of Mottram Doniphan, and had 
Col. John Cooke, of "West Farms," Staflford, who m. Mary Thompson, dan. of 
George Mason, of '' Gunston Hall." Million, dau. of Col. Jno. Cooke, of "West 
Farms," m. Hon. John W. Green, of Culpeper, of the Virginia Court of Ap- 
peals, and had Jno. Cooke, m. Morton; Thomas Claiborne, m. McDonald; Jas. 
Williams, m. McDonald; George Mason, m. 1st. Ashby, 2nd. Lockwood ; and 
Lucy Williams, died single. 

Sarah Mason, dau. of Col. John Cooke, of "West Farms," m. Ist. Gary 
Selden; 2nd Dr. Robert O. Grayson, by whom she had Dr. John Cooke Ghrayr 
son, of Stevensburg, Culpeper county, and Robert O. Grayson, of Culpeper. 

Gen. Geo. Mason Cooke, son of John and Mary Thompson (Mason) Cooke, 
m. Agatha Eliza Eustace, and had, among others, Tabitha Virginia, whom. 
John T. Grasty, of Orange county. 

Capt. Wm. Ball, son of Col. Wm., m. Miss Harris (she being his second 
wife— he married 3 times), of Northumberland, and had James, who m. Mary 
Conway Dangerfield, widow of John Dangerfield. Jeduthun, son of James, m. 
Elizabeth Burgess, dau. of Charles Burgess, of England, and had Col. Burgeu 
Ball, of Spottsylvania and Loudon counties, who was a Lt. Col. in the Conti- 
nental Army. Col. Burgess Ball m. Frances Washington, dau. of Col. Charles 
and Mildred Thornton Washington, and a niece of Gen. Washington. Martha 
Dandridge, dau. of Col. Burgess Ball, was the first wife of Col. Jonathan Cat- 
lett Gibson, of Culpeper, and is buried in St. Stephen's Episcopal church yard, 
Her two daughters were Frances Ann and Martha Dandridge Gibfion. Col. 
Gibson's second wife was Mary Williams Shackelford. 

Frances Ann, daughter of Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson and Martha 
Dandridge Ball, m. J. C. Burt having Anna, who m. Aylette Hawes Backner 
who now lives in Rappahannock county. 

Mildred Thornton Ball, dau. of Col. Burgess Ball, m. Wm. Mills Thomp- 
son, a vestryman of St. Mark's Parish, and was the mother of Hon. Richard 
W. Thompson, Secretary of the Navy under Pres. Hayes. 


Captain John Ashby, of 8rd. Va. Reg., Continental line, 1775—1783, b. 
Fauquier about 1750, m. Miss Turner; had Sair^uel, who m. dau. of Col. Clark- 
son, and had 1. John Henry, 3. Jamison, m. Adams, having Luther, 

Henry and Scott, all living in; Fauquier in 1889: 3. Wm. Clarkson; and five 
daus., Wm Clarkson Ashby m. Miss Strother and has descendants in Culpeper 

John Ashby, son of Capt. John, m. Miss Smith, and had William, Shirley 
and Wirt. Nimrod, son of Capt. John, m. Miss Adams, and had Albert, died 
single; Nimrod, has children in Fauquier; and, Samuel T., whom. Miss Chinn 
and had Bernard, HuTiter, Norman, Mrs. Grace Houck, Mrs. Mackall, MrS' 
Lambert, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Birney, and Samuel T. 

Capt. John Ashby was the son of Col. John Ashby, b. ,1707, d. 1797, and 
Jean Combs, whom he m. May, 11, 1741. Col. A. , was :captain 2nd. Co. ,Va. 
Rangers, Oct. 21, 1755. Gen. Daniel Morgan was a private in his company. He 
was with Washington during the Braddock Campaign. '*He bore Washing- 
ton's dispatches, containing the news of Braddock's defeat, from Winchester 
to Williamsburg, and returned with Gov. Dinwiddle's reply before the Buglish 
commander supposed he had started on his journey. A letter from Williams- 
burg, June 2, 1774, says that at the battle of Pt. Pleasant the Indians had kill- 
ed the noted Capt. Ashby, who, in the last war, brought the^first account of 
Braddo<»k's defeat to this city with amazing expedition.'' 


The first trace we have of this family is that four Welchmen, Charles, 
William, Joel and Robert Yancey, who came to Virgrinia,in 1642, with Sir Wm. 
Berkley, afterwards Govemor,and settled in the James River rejcion and pros- 
pered. Prom one of the original four was descended Lewis Davis Yancey, who 
settled in Culpeper county about 1710; married Mildred, daughter of Charles 
Kavanaugh, of Irish parentage, who owned a large land estate of 40,000 acres 
in said county. This tract extended westward and above the Beverly line up 
Muddy Run to Judge Field's MiUs, across by Poor Town to Gibson's Mill on 
Mountain Run. A portion of this land he bequeathed to his daughterMildred, 
which portion has never been out of the Yancey family, and is still owned by 
Benjamin M. Yancey, a great grandson of Lewis Davis and by Jas. Wm. Yan- 
cey, a great great grandson. Lewis Davis lived and was buried on the estate 
of the latter, "Arlington/' From the *'Crawford Book" we have, "John Yan- 
cey came from Wales about the middle of the 17th century;" then there must 
have been another brother. 

Ch. of John Yancey: 1. Charles m. Mile. Dumas, 2. Ijcighton moved to 
Rockingham county, :J. Bartlett to N. C. 

Charles m. Mile. Dumas. Ch: 1. Capt Charles (1741, 1841) of Louisa county, 
m. Mary Crawford; 2. Rev. Robert (was ordained by the Bishop of London at 
his palace in Fulham in Middlesex, 25th July, 1768 as an Episcopal Priest, 
there being no Bishop in this country under the colonial Government. On 
his return from England he accepted the Parishes of Tillotston and Trinity in 
his native country, 1774. He was the first who preached in that section of the 
country the doctrine of universal redemption.) He married Ann Crawford, 
dau. of David Crawford. 

Ch. of Capt. Chas. and Mary Crawford Yancey: 1. Ann, 2. Elizabeth m. Jos, 
Kimbrougb, 3. Unity, 4. Louisa Temperance, 5. Robert, 6. Mary, 7. Rhoda m. 
Rev. Wm. Crawford, 8. Joel Crawford, 9. David, 10. Wm. Crawford. 

Ch. of Jos. Kimbrough and Elizabeth Yancey; 1. Dr. Wm. 2. Unity m. Col. 
Edmund Pendleton, 8. Sarah m. Peter S. Barrett, 4. Maria D. m. Bickerton 
Winston, removed to Ky., 5. Capt. Chas. Y. m. Mary P. Honeyman, 6. Eliza- 
beth m. Dr. L. M. Llgm, 7. Susan H. m. Robt. H. Anderson. 

Ch. of Rev. Robert and Ann Crawford Yancey: 1. Betsey 1775, 2. Charles 
1 770—1857. 

Maj. Charles, son of Rev. RoV)ert and Ann Yancey, born 1770 in Trinity 
Parish, Louisa county, Va., removed to Buckingham county. He was known 
throughout the State as the "Wheel Horse of Democracy," and also had the 
sobriquet of ''Duke of Buckingham." He married Nancy Spencer and had 1. 
Mary Chambers m. Col. John Horsley, of Nelson county, 2. Francis Westbrook, 
8. Elizabeth Ann m. 1st. Robt. Williams, of N. Y., 2nd. Richard Morris of Glou- 
cester, Va. 

Lewis Dkvis Yancey, a son of one of the original tour, as stated above m. 
Mildred Kavanaugh and had nine children, John, Richard, Charles, Philip, 
Robert, James, Lewis, Nancy, and another daughter. 

L John settled in Rockingham county, ch: 1. Layton (was Lieut in "First 
Continental Dragoons in Revolutionary War") m. Fanny Lewis, 2. Ludwell, 3. 
John, 4. Fanny, 5. Polly. 

Ch. of Layton and Fanny Lewis Yancey are 1. liayton, 2. Col. Wm. Bur- 
bridge, 8. Charles, 4. John, 5. Albert, 6. Thomas, 7. Fannie, 8. Clarissa, 9. Ma- 
ria, and 10. Louisa. 

Col. Wm. Burbridge m. 1st. Mary Smith, 2nd. Mary Gibbons, ch. 1. Diana 


8mith m. Geo. Oliver Conrad (Hftrrisonburg), 2. "Capt. Thomas L. m. Margaret 
Newman, 3. Edward S. m. Fannie Mauzy, 4. Wm. Biirbridge, (Capt.of P«aked 
Mountain Greys, Civil war,) m. Victoria Winsborough, 5. Chas. Albert m. Ju- 
lia Morrison, of Cumberland, Md., 6. Mary Frances, 7. Margaret J. m. J08.N. 
Mauzy, 8. I>r. Layton B. m. Virginia Hopkins, (McGaheysville, Va.), 9- John 
Gibbons m. Bennett Bradley, (Harrisonburg). 

Ch. of Chas. (son of Layton), and Lucinda Moyers, i. Charles, 2. Elizabeth 
m. Hudson, 3. Ann m. Thos. K. Hamsberger, 4. Columbia, 5. Fountain Talia- 

Fannie (Layton,) m. Wm. Price (Standards ville); Clarissa (Layton) m. Wm. 
Khodes (Albemarle Co); Maria (Layton) m. Grans; Louisa (Layton) m. Thos. 

II. Richard (Lewis Davis), ch. 1. Henry, 2. Elizabeth m. Mr. Story, 3. Ju- 
dith m. Daniel Field, 4. Agatha m. Benj. Pendleton. 

III. Charles (Lewis Davis) m. Miss Powers (1740) of Eastern Va., ch: 1. Ke- 
sia m. Geo. Freeman (Ky.), 2. Ann m. Geo. Doggett, (N. C), 3. William in. 
Miss Stone, 4. Thomas m. Sarah Mitchell, 1799, 5. Charles, major, 1774-1849, 
m. Susan Mitcheli. G. Jas. 

Ch. of Thomas and Sarah (Mitchell) Yancey m. 1800. 1. Charles 1801-1867 
m. Miss Withers and removed to Tennessee; 2. John William 1803 — 1894, m, 1834 
Jane Terrell, ch: Wm.' T., m. Nannie Stevenson, ch. William; 3. Elizabeth 1806 
-^1841 m. Wm. Wigginton, ch. Sallie, Edmonia m. Henry Field, Behjaiuin m. 

removed to Missouri; Susan E., 4. James Powers 1804 — 1884 m. 1845, 

Mary Coons, and had Jas. Wm., m. Florence Miller, ch. Ethiel, James and Wm. 
5: Benjamin b. 1809 m. 1839 Catherine Banks, dau. of Dr. Wm. Tunstal Bauks, 
of Madison CH., 0. Kesia Ann (1812—1881) m. Edward Lightfoot, 7. Susau. 

Ch. of Benj. Mitchell Yancey and Catherine (Banks Yancey). 

1. Pamela Somerville m. Capt. Joseph D. Brown, ch: 1. Mary Catherine m. 
Rufus T. Carpenter, and had Stacy Harris, Joseph Daniel, Ellie Florence, 
Frank Hill and Leslie Pamela. 3. Lily Banks m. Thomas M. Henry, Atty. at 
Pittsburg, and had Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown, 3. Josephene m. J. Benj. 
Flippen, (Cumberland Co.) and had Sue Gray, Elise Josephene, Marjorie Pa- 
mela, 4, Benjamin Armistead m. Frances Todd Faunt LeRoy, King and Queen 
county, and had Virginius Faunt Le Roy, Joseph Daniel, Juliet Faunt LeRoy, 
4. Andrew Edward, 0. Gertrude Pamela m. John Bannister Spa^ 
row, of Danville Va., 7. Florence Armistead m. Oliver G. Flii)i)en (Cumberland 

2. Edward Duke. 

3. Dr. Chas. Kavanaugh, U. S. N. 

4. Mary Crimora m. Jno. W. Payne ch. Mary Catherine, Emma Carson, 
Fannie Keith, Crimora Yancey. 

5. Sallie Thomas m. Jno. W. Payne. 

IV. Philip (Lewis Davis) ch: 1. Lewis, 2. Philip, 3. Richard, 4. Jechania8,5. 
Achilles, G. Robert, 7. Kavanaugh, 8. Polly m. Jones Menefee, 9, Delpha m. 
Henry Menefee, 10. Mary Ann m. Wm. Johnson. 

V. Robert (Lewis Davis) m. Miss Holliday. He was a Captain in the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

VI. James (Lewis Davis) was a Maj. in Gen. Greene's army in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and after the War he settled in Western South Carolina, and 
practised law; he m. a Miss Cudworth, of Charleston, and bad Benj. Cudworth 
Yancey m. Caroline Bird, dau. of Col. Wm. Bird, of the *'Ariary," Warren Co. 
Ga., having Wm. Lowndes, (the "Orator of Secession," the '^flre eater" as he 
was termed in the invective of those days), and Benjamin Cudworth. 


Wm* Lowndes' Yancey m. Sarah Caroline Earle,' dati. of Geo. Washington 

larle, of Ga., and had 1. Col. Wm. Eariem. — ^-^ ch: Virginia m. Mr. 

tesson; 2. Ellen m. Hon. W. H. Skaggfe; B*. Mary lii. Claude Preston Lewis; 4. 
[artha; 5. Eva Cubet; 6. Wm. Lowndesf?. Benjamin Cadworth; 8. Dalton 
[uger; 9. Goodloe Harper, 10. , wife of Jno. L. Harrett. 

VII. Lewis (Lewis Davis) eh. Geo., Garland, Mary m. Thompson Tutt, 
3ly m. Lewis Tutt 

VIII. Nancy, (Lewis Davis) m. Nalle. 

IX. daughter, (Lewis Davis) m. Nalle. 


John Brown m. Elizabeth Brown, )his cousin; her mother was a Miss Cole- 
an), and had: I. John married 1st. Sallie Gibbs 2nd. Pho^bia Brown II. 
apt. Daniel, received pension for services in Revolutionary war and was High 
heriflf, m. Elizabeth Hill, dau. of Wm. Hill, and Miss Wood, his wife, and g. 
au. of Russell Hill and Miss Towles, his wife, of Middlesex Co. III. Thomas 
L. Susan Powell, of Prince Edward County. IV. Wm. m. Miss Vaughan and 
loved to Tennessee. 

Children of Daniel Brown and Elizabeth Hill, his wife: I. William m. 
'ary Griffin. II. John m. Sarah Hill, ch.: 1. Wm. 2. Dr. Mordica m. Nancy 
enry Hill. S.Adaline m. Rev. Dudley, and had 1. Sallie m. H.L. Staple8,4. Jane 
i. Col. Hamlin, Dinwiddle county, dau. Ella m. Henry Lovitt,ch. John^ Harry, 
ane. 5. Armistead. 6. Sarah m. Bernard Todd, dau. Sarah m. Banks, Balti- 
lore. ch. Ed. and Sarah. 7. Robert m. Sallie Walker, lives in Dinwiddle Co. 

III. Armistead m. Mary Ann Russell Meredith, of Middlesex County, dau. 
f Jos. Meredith and Mary Baptist, his wife, and had 

1. Capt. Joseph Daniel m. Pamela Somerville Yancey, ch. Maiy Catherine 
I. Rufus T. Carpenter, ch : Stacy Harris, Joseph Daniel, Ellie Florence, 
'rank Hill, Leslie Pamela. 2. Lily Banks m. Thomas M. Henry, Attorney, 
^ittsburg, ch. Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown. 3. Josephine m. J. l^enj. 
ilippen. clerk, Cumberland Co. ch.: Sue Gray, Elise Josephine, Marjorie Pa- 
aela. 4. Benjamin Armistead ii^. Frances Todd Faunt Le Roy, of King and 
Jueen County, ch: Virginius Faunt Le Roy, Joseph Daniel, Juliet Faunt Le 
loy. 5. Andrew Edward. 6. Gertrude Pamela, m. John Bannister Sparrow. 
. Florence Armistead m. Oliver G. Flippen, Treas. Cumb. Co. 

2nd. John Armistead, 3rd. Wm. Russell, 4th. Andrew J. 

5th. Caroline Elizabeth m. John James Porter, artist of Beaver, Pa. ch. 1. 
l^m. Armistead m. Nannie Francisco, ch.: Robt. Francisco. 2. Mary Eliza m. 
. Louis Dohme, Chemist, Baltimore, ch.: Carolyn Louise. 3. Frederick Eu- 
Bne. 4. Ernest Clifton. 5. John James. G. Eva Byron. 

IV. Thomas Coleman m. Frances Griffin, ch: 1. Virginia Ann. 2. Martha 
t. Wm. Lewis. 3. Emily m. Madison Duncan, ch.: Martha Hill, Edwina,Mary 
atherine, Julia, Ella, John, Bettie, Virginia, Olivia, Fannie, Edward, Frank- 
D. 4. Jno. Wm. m. Miss Rector of Texas. 5. Julia Frances m. Robt. Coving- 
>n. 6. Betsy Coleman. 7. Burgess m. Miss Lewis. 8. Mary Russell m. Rev. 
. H. Spilman; ch.: 1. Hamilton. 2. Nellie m. Prof. R.W. Tinsley. 3. Coleman. 

V. Daniel m. Lucy Powell, of Prince Edward Co., and had. 1. Sarah Bum- 
rey; 2. Robert m. Susan Coons, ch.: Sallie Bumbrey, Charles m. Miss Button, 
yland, Roberta m. Smith, Jennie m. Henry Coons, Wm, Hill m. Daisy Hoff, 

Elizabeth Ann m. Jas. O. Harris, lived in Atlanta, ch.: Di. Nathan, 
lem m. Miss Dick, Dan. m. Miss Tucker, 4. Dr. Walter A. m. Jane Allen, 5. 
rmistead-Hillm. M it Chapman. 

VI. Russell. 


VII. Frances m. Wm. Slaughter, ch: 1. Lucy m. Washington Pendleton; 2. 
Elizabeth m. Mason Bohannon; 8. Daniel m. Mary Berry, 4. Frances m. Wm. 
Robson, ch. Wm., John, James, Annie, 5. Catherine m. Wm. Armistead, oh. 
John Ringold, Luther, Annie, Edward, 6. Albert m. Miss Abbott. 

VIII. Mary Ann m. Newman Allen, ch: 1. Jane m. Dr. Walter Brown, 2. 
Elizabeth m. Edward Burgess, ch. Armistead, and Mary Catherine m. W. H. 
Eggbom, having Jackson m. Robert Jones, Armistead, Bessie m. Thomas Q. 
Thompson, 3. Walter m. Carrie Quaintance, ch. Carroll, Bessie, May, Reva, 4. 
Edward m. Lula Butler, of Baltimore, two children, 5. Jennie m. Gen. A. S. 
Roberts ch. Allen, 6. Ida m. Jacob S. Eggborn, ch. George, Elizabeth. 


The first member of the Thorn family, of whom we can trace any definite 
record was Alexander yhom, a native of Scotland, and of the Clan of Cameron 
in Invernesshire. 

He was born about 1720, and died in Westmoreland county, Va., 1788. 

He was an officer of rank and served under the ill starred banner of the 
the Royal Prince, Chas. Edward Stuart, at the fatal field of CoUoden moore, 
April 16th, 1746. 

After that dreadful disaster to the cause he was a refugee and came, as so 
many others, to America, where he settled in Westmoreland Co., Va., where 
he afterwards married Miss Annie Triplett about 1768; to them were born nine 
sons: John, Reuben, Geo., Allen and others. 

John Thom was born about 1770 in the county of Westmoreland; he re- 
moved to Culpeper county, where he resided till his death. 

He was Col. of a regiment of Culpeper troops and commanded it during 
the second war of Independence 1812 — 1815. He served the State two or more 
terms in the General Assembly. He died 18oi> (?) in the quiet of his home at 
Berry Hill, at the ripe age of 85. He left a large estate which was devised by 
will mostly to his children. 

Col. John Thom was twice man-ied; first to Miss Lucy Lewis, of Essex Co., 
Va.; to them were born John Catesby, who m. Miss Ada Dormman, and issue 
two sons: John (who died young), and William Taylor Thom. 

Lucy, the daughter of Col. John Thom and his wife Miss Lucy Lewis, mar- 
ried Mr. Wm. Taylor, of Point Coiipa Parish, Louisiana, where they lived and 
died childless in 186—. 

The second wife of Col. John Thom was Miss Abigail DeHart Mayo, third 
daughter of Col. William Mayo, of Powhatan seat, Henrico county, and his 
his wife Elizabeth Poythress. By this marriage he had: Elizabeth Mayo, who 
m. Mr. Wm. Buckner Ross, of Bel Pre, Culpeper; they had five children. Dr. 
George Ross, of Richmond, Col. John DeHart, of Lexington, Lieut. Wm. Alex- 
ander, who was killed in the front of battle, leading a charge in 1864, Judge 
Erskine Mayo now a U. S. Circuit Judge in the State of California, and Mary 
Cameron m. and lives in Richmond. 

Janet Marion Thom, born 1818, married Mr. Bartliolomew Labuzan, of Mo- 
bile, Ala.; issue; Charles, Catesby, Pembroke, Anna and Elizabeth; they all re- 
side in the far South. 

Wm. Alexander Thom, born 1820, graduated in 1841 from the Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia. He was surgeon to the 39th Va. Infantry in 1861, and later 
was on the staff of the Jackson Hospital, in Richmond, during the war. He 
married Miss Annie Parker, of Northampton Co.; and liadl. Wm., who married 
and died in 1894 leaving a widow and three children; 2. Al- 
fred, who m. and has a son^ Alfred Jr., 8. Marion E. 


Cameron Erskine, born 1825, mamed three times: first Miss Beach, second 

Miss Henrietta Hathwell, third, her sister Miss Belle Hathwell. He moved to 

California early in life, where he served that State in her legislature and other 

capacities. Of his" children little is known in the East. 

Joseph Pembroke Thom, born 1828, ^adaated in Medicine from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. He served in the Mexican war, 1846, under General Wing- 
field Scott; he was afterwards surgeon in the U. S. Navy. At the outbreak of 
hostilities in 1861 he volunteered his services to his native State. While in 
temporary command of Wheat's batallion at the battle of Kernstown he was 
struck over the left breast by a minie ball, but as he was carrying a small tes- 
tament in his side pocket, the force was received on it, which saved his life. 

For many years he has been a resident of Baltimore, where he has been one 
of the Aldermen, also in the State Legislature, where he was Speaker in 1884. 
He married 1. Miss Ella Wright, second Mrs. Catherine Reynolds, and had sev- 
eral children. Abby Mayo Thom, the youngest of the family of Col. John and 
Abigail DeHart (Mayo), was born December 28d, 1880, at Berry Hill, Culpeper. 

On June 13th. 1849, she married Mr. George Warren Fitzhugh, of Fauquier, 
She died Nov. 21, 1869. Issue:—!. William DeHart, March 11, 1850; 2. Thomas 
Cameron, Nov. 27, 1851; 3. Elizabeth Bland, May 26, 1853 ; 4. John Alexander, 
Dec. 4, 1854; 5. Annie Blanche, Oct. 25, 1856 ; 6. Eugene Mayo, Nov. 16, 1857 ; and 
7. Henry Thom, Nov. 20, 1859. 

Of these William DeHart married Miss Elizabeth Carter Grayson, Oct. 18, 
1871. Issue:— 1. Annie Blanche, m. H. E. Hanes ; 2. Roberta Alexander, m. W. 
C. Bo3well;3. Mary Lee, m. J. C. Martin; 4. Pembroke Thom ; 5. Lena G.; 6. 
Wm. DeHart ; 7. John Grayson ; 8. Mayo McGill ; 9. Bessie Catlett ; 10. E. P.; 
11. Abby T. Thomas Cameron, lost at sea, 1871 ; Elizabeth Bland ; John Alex- 
ander, married Miss Agnes Allen Somerby,July 11, 1889, and had Marion Stuart, 
June 10, 1890, (died Dec. 23, 1893) ; Lena Grayson, Oct. 4., 1801 ; Beulah Thorn- 
ton, Jane 25, 1895. 


The first we know of the Hill family in this county were Russell and Need- 
Jess Hill, two brothers, who came from Middlesex county. Russell m. Miss 
Towles, of Middlesex, having Col. Hany, William and Fannie. 
I. Col. Harry m. Miss Powell, having : 1. Col. Robt., m. Judy Chapman- 

ind had Wm., m, SallieTutt ; Robt., m. Miss Hume ; Ann, m. Booton, Pol. 

y ; Fannie, m. Thompson, of Albemarle ; 2. William, died young ; 3. Col. 

tlarry, m. Matilda Payne, and had John P., m. Miss Terrell ; Col. Henry, m. 
^is8 McChesney ; Andrew, m. Miss Tatum ; Thomas ; Eliza, m. A. Twyman; 
tnd Anson ; 4. John ; 5. Ambrose Powell, m. Fannie Twyman, and had Jas., 
Thos., m. first his cousin, Margaret Hill, second Miss Ficklin ; Dr. William A., 
m. Fannie Booton, having Major Booton, Anna Lee, Julia, Irvine, and Hugh ; 
^ara, m. Cowherd ; Eliza, m. Flint ; Frances, m. Wm. Twyman ; Henry, m. his 

cousin, Evelyn. 6. Maj. Thos., m. Fannie Baptist, dau. of Baptist and Is- 

i,bell Stearns Baptist, and had James ; Theopholus ; Edward B., m. Mildred 
Turner; Gen. Ambrose Powell, m. a sister of Gen. John Morgan ; Margaret A., 
in. her cousin, Thos. Hill; Evelyn m. her cousin Henry ; Lucy m. Carter A. 
Saunders; 7. Fannie m Henry Field and had Henry, m. Russell Colvin ; John ; 
James ; Eliza, m. W. A. Roberts; Nancy m. John P. Kelly; Diana. 8. Nancy. 

II. William, ir. Miss Wood, having 1. Armistead, m. MihS Tazewell, and had 

l^ancy Henry, m. Dr. Mordicai Brown ; Sallie, m. Nelson. 2. William, m. Miss 

Parsons. 3. Russell, m. Peggie Baptist, and had Martha, m. Mr. Wallace, and 

lived in Petersburg; Sara, m. Mr. Fischer,and lived in Petersburg; 4. Elizabeth, 

m. Capt. Daniel Brown, and had John, m. Sara Hill, having John, William, 


Anuistead, Adaline, m. Rev. Dudley, Jane, ni., Col. Hamblin and Sara, id. 
Bernard Todd ; William, m. Miss GriflBn ; Major Armistead, m. Mary A. Kub- 
sell Meredith (dau. of Jos. and Mary Baptist Meredith, and fjrrand-danghter of 

Baptist and Isabell S. Baptist), having Oapt. Joseph Daniel, m. Paeinla 

8. Yancey (see Yancey genealop^y); Thos. C, m. Miss Griflfln ; Russell Daniel; 
m. Lucy Powell ; Fannie, m. Wm. Slaughter ; Mary Ann, m. Newman Allen. 5. 
Lucy, m. John Nalle, and had William, m. Miss Colvin. having William D., Ar- 
mistead, and John R., m. Tetitia Wharton ; Francis ; Eliza ; Katherine ; Martha 
ra. Alfred Lewis having Jane ; Polly Russell, m. Henry Field; 6. Nancy, m. 
Geo. Roberts, having a son who married Eliza Field. 

III. Fannie, m. William Booton, and had John, m. Ann P. Hill, having Rich- 
ard ; William ; Harry ; Sinclair, m. Mary Field ; Martha ra. Kirtley ; Fan- 
nie, m. Lipscomb. 

[By Judge John W. Jones, of Bowling Green, Ky., June, 1900.] 

The oldest Thompson of whom anything is accuratsly and definitely known 
was William, who moved from England to the United States, and settled in 
Hanover county, Va. somewhere near the middle of the eighteenth century. 
January 29, 1771, he married France? Mills, by who»n he had the following: chil- 
dren : 1. Peggy, born February 6. 1772 ; 2. Charles, born March 7, 1773 ; 3. Wil- 
liam Mills, born Januarv 11, 1775 ; 4. Anu3, b^rn Juna 18, 1777; 5. Sarah Mills, 
born Dec. 15, 1779 ; 6. Mary Anne, born Dae. 1, 1732 ; 7. Frances J., born Dec. 
29, 1784 ; 8. Edmond, born April 11, 1787 ; 9. Nathaniel, born August 25. 1789. 

With the exception of William Mills Thompson and his descendants, but lit- 
tle is known of the other children of William Thompson and his wife, Frances 

William Mills Thompson was married twice : First to Catherine (Kitty) W. 
Broaddus ; second to Mildred T. Ball, a gi-and-niece of George Washington. By 
his first wife he had the following children : 1. Richard Wiggfinton Thompeon, 
born June 0, 1809; 2d. Mary Juliet Thompson, born Dec. 14, 1811 ; 3. Martha 
Frances Thompson, born Dec. 8, 1814 ; 4. William Mills Thompson, bom Dec. 
6, 1810 . 

By his second wife, William Mills Thompson had the following childrea: 1. 
Catherine Mildred Thompson, born Aug. 9, 1822 ; 2. George Washin^on 
Thompson, born Jan. 7, 1825 ; 3. Margaret Anne Thompson, born July 25, 1827. 

May 5, 1836, Richard W. Thompson married Harriet E. Gardiner, a cultured 
and most estimable lady, of Columbus, Ohio, who bore him six children, as fol- 
lows: 1. Mary Gardiner Thompson; 2. Frederick S. Thompson : 3. Richard 
W. Thompson ; 4. Charles Thompson ; 5. Harry G. Thompson ; 6. Virjfinia 
Thompson ; all living except Charles who died several years ago. Frederiek 
Thompson married Rachel Durham. They have one child, a boy named Wil- 
liam Mills. Richard W. Thompson, Jr., married Mrs. Mary A. Barry. They 
have no children. Virginia Thompson married Judge David W. Henr}', and 
has two children, Harriett and Richard W. Mary G. and Harry are unmarried. 

Mary Juliet Thompson, the second child of William Mills and Kitty W. 
Thompson, married Anthony Addison. Their children were as follows: I. 
John F.; 2. Sallie C; 3. MoUie A.; 4. Murray ; 5. Arthur; 6. Olivia ; 7. Anthony 
C; 8. Keturah L. John F. joined the Confederate States' army and was killed 
at Williamsburg, Va. He never married. Sallie C. married twice ; first^Capt 
Clement C. West, U. 8. A., by whom she had one child, Mollie A. After the 
death of her first husband, Mrs. West married Capt. George A. Mitchell, U. S- 
A. They had no children. Her daughter by her first marriage married Capt 
Cornelius Wilcox, U. S. A., and had no children. 


Mollie A., daughter of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, married Rev. T. O. 
Ingle, and had a number of children, all of whom are dead except three, Maria, 
James A., and Mary. Maria married Randall Webb and has one child, Mary. 
James A. is also married, and has one child. Mary, daughter of T. G. and M. 
A. Ingle is unmarried. Murray Addison, son of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, 
married Clara Gantt. They have no children. Arthur, son of Anthony and 
and Mary T. Addison, married Carrie Steel, and has no children. Olivia C. Ad- 
dison has never married. Anthony C. Addison is unmarried. Keturah L., the 
youngest child of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, married, Capt. R. E. Cobb, U. 
S. A , and has three children, Elsie, Zodie and Murray. 

Martha Frances Thompson, third child of William Mills and Kitty Wigginton 
Thompson, married Samuel Campbell, cashier of the Leesburg, Virginia, bank. 
Nearly fifty years ago they moved to Louisville, Ky. They have had six chil- 
dren : William T., Mary C, Autionette A., Phillip S., Robert G., and Fanny 
C; all of whom are living except William T., who died soon after the removal 
of his parents to Louisville. Mary has never married. Antionette A. married 
Edgar Lyttleton, and has four children, Frank C, Edgar L., Richard C, and 
Samuel C, all single. Phillip S. married Lizzie Milton. They had two children : 
Laura and Phillip S. Jr., the former of whom is dead. Robert G. married 
twice : First, Nannie Browder ; second, Pattie Robb. His first wife died child- 
less.. His second wife left two children, Anite and Granville. Fanny C, the 
youngest child of Samuel and Martha Frances Campbell, married George A. 
Newman, of Louisville, Ky. They have four children, Martha C, Charlotte, 
Ethel and George. With the exception of the latter, all are single. He married 
Mabel Payne. They have one child, George Alexander. 

William Mills Thompson Jr., the fourth child of William Mills and Kitty W. 
Thompson, married Mary T. Barker, of Baltimore, Md. They had four children: 
Margaret H., Catherine, (Kitty) B., John B., and William M. Margaret H. mar- 
ried Johnson V. Middleton, and had no children. Catherine, (Kitty) B., m. 
Francis E. Storm, and had one child, Kate B.; John B. Thompson married Ida 
McClery. They have two children, Morven, and William M. Morven is un- 
married. William M. married Evangeline Munson. They have one child. 

As has been already stated, the second wife of William Mills Thompson was 
Mildred Ball. By this marriage he had three children : Kitty, George W., and 
Margaret. Kitty married Richard Lyttleton, of Loudoun county, Va., and had 
no children. George married Sarah Bryant, daughter of Judge W. T. Bryant, 
of Rockville, Ind., and had two children : Margaret A., and George L. Marga- 
ret A. married Dr. W. N. Wirt, and has no children. Geo. L. married Nettie 
Clark. They have no children. Margaret Sr., married F. S. T. Ronald, of 
Louisville, Ky., and died childless. 

Of the many who have borne the name of Thompson, Richard Wigginton 
Thompson, like Saul among his people, stands forth pre-eminently. His life 
was so long, his honors so many, his ability so great, his person so handsome, 
and his manners so winning, that, oven in a genealogical history like this, he 
demands more than a mere passing notice. 

Born in Culpeper county, Va., June 9th, 1809, he received the usual education, 

in the schools of that early day. When about twenty years old, he made a trip 

to Kentucky, to look after some lands located in the Southern portion of the 
state, in which the Ball heirs, one of whom was the second wife of his father, 
had an interest. Having attended to this, he went to Louisville, where he ob- 
tained a situation as clerk in a dry goods store, which he retained a little more 
than a year, when he gave it up and left for Bedford, Ind., where he secured a 
similar position, and borrowing some books from a friend, commenced reading 
law at night and during such leisure moments in the day as he could 
snatch from his regular vocation. 


In 1834 he obtained a lieense, and began the practice of his profession. The 
same year, and the following one he was elected to the lower branch of the In- 
diana Legislature. In 1836 he was elected to the State Senate. In the exciting: 
Log Cabin and Hard Cider campaign of 1840, he was a Presidential elector on 
the Whig ticket, and made a number of speeches in support of Harrison and 
Tyler, in which he displayed no Jittle oratorical ability. The same year he was 
elected to Congress, and re-elected in 1847, declining the nomination in 1850. 
He also declined the Mission to Austria tendered him by President Taylor the 
following year. When Mr. Fillmore, by the death of General Taylor, became 
President, Col. Thompson was offered the position of Commissioner of the Gen- 
eral Land Office, which he also declined. 

In 1877 he was tendered the position of Secretary of the Navy by President 
Hayes, which he accepted, and continued to discharge the duties of the oiHce 
for nearly four years, when he resigned to accept the position of Vice- Prcisident 
of the Panama Canal Company, receiving for his services the handsome salary 
of 125,000 per annum. This place he held nearly eight yeais. Col. Thompson 
also held other positions of trust and profit, among them that of Circuit Judgre, 
tlie duties of which office he discharged for a number of years. Besides the 
public positions held and declined by Col. Thompson, and his attractiveness 
and eloquence as a public speaker, he was also a forceful and graceful writer, 
having during his life written and published a number of works; of the li8t,one 
against Catholicism, another on the tariff, and still another containing his 
recollections of the Presidents and other public men, one of the most attractive 
and readable books issued from the press for years. 

In politics as already intimated. Col. Thompson was originally an *'01d Line 
Whig," and in addition to his canvass in support of Harrison, in 1840, took an 
active and prominent part in that of the ''Great Commoner" in 1844. 
. Upon the disbandment of the Whig party. Col. Thompson united with the 
Republicans, with whom he continued to act as long as he lived, attending 
their conventions, framing many of their platforms and supporting their nom- 
inees in speeches of great force and eloquence. At the regular meetings of the 
party every four years to nominate a candidate for President, few men attract- 
ed more attention than Col. Thcmpbon ; his snow-white head, his brilliant, 
black eye, his easy and graceful carriage, united with a bright and sunny smile, 
never failing to make him one of the men of mark in those great assemblies. 

In private life. Col. Thompson's character was as pure and spotless as his 
public life was distinguished and honorable. An afTectionate husband, a kind 
and indulgent father, a tiue and ccnstant friend, a libeial and public spirited 
citizen, he commanded the respect and esteem of all classes and conditions of 

If one wishes to know who a n)an is, read the newspapers. If one desires to 
ascertain what he is, ask thoee with whom he is thrown from day to day— his 
friends and neighbors. It does not always follow that a man's reputation from 
home and his character at heme go hand in hand. This, however, was literally 
true of Col. Thompson. Popular as he was with strangers, he was no less hon- 
ored and esteemed by his own people— the people of Terre Haute, where he had 
so long lived, and where he so recently died at the advanced age of ninety, 

crowned with years and honors, and presenting the anomaly of having known 
, and conversed with more Presidents than any one living, and of having out- 
lived all his colleagues in the Congress of 1841. 

The Rev. William Taliaferro Thompson, of Charleston, S. C, grandson of 
Merriwether Thompson and Martha S. (Patsy) Broaddus, a sister of "Kitty W. 
Broaddus, who married William Mills Thompson, Sr., furnishes the following 
concerning the descendants of his grandfather, who was a cousin of William 
Mills Thompson. 

"Merriwetner Thompson and Martha S. Broaddus were married 14th. Oct., 
1815, at Maj. Wm. Broaddus' residence in Culpeper county, Va., by the Rev. 
John Woodville; issue : 

1. William Broaddus Thompson, b. 8th. of Aug., 1816, m. Catherine M. 
Stribling; 3. Martha Ana Thompson, b. 31st of July, 1818; 3. Juliet Elizabeth 
Kitty Thompson, b. 26th July, 1820, m. John J. Abell; 4. Mary Harriet Thomp- 
son, b. 10th July, 1822; 5. Sarah Woodville Thompson, b. 3rd April, 1824; 6. 
Merriwether Thompson, Jr., (Gen. of Confed. fame) b. 22nd Jan. 1826, at Har- 
per's Ferry, Va; 7. Charles Montgomery Thompson, b. 12th Oct., 1880, at Har- 
per's Ferry, Va. 

William Broaddus Thompson married Miss Catherine M. Stribling, dau. of 
Taliaferro Stribling and Mary Tate, and had three children : 1 . William Talia- 
ferro Thompson; 2. Martha Thompson; 3. Magnus Stribling Thompson." 


[By Judge John W. Jones— June, 1900.] 

It is no easy task to write the genealogical history of any family with any 
degree of accuracy. To write that of the Smiths or Joneses, if carried any 
distance into the past, is an impossibility. There are so many different fami- 
lies of these names, in no way related to each other, that a person who at- 
tempts a sketch of any special one, will meet with the same difficulty encoun- 
tered by a traveller in a strange section when coming to a number of roads 
leading in the same direction, yet none of them containing a finger-board to 
inform him which particular one he should take, in order to reach his point 
of destination. 

When the particular Jones family with which this sketch has to deal first 
came to the United States, where it located, and what was its origin, whether 
English or Welsh, is not certainly known. It is believed, however, that it is 
of English extraction, and settled in Essex county, Virginia, somewhere near 
the beginning of the 18th. centurv, if not earlier; some of its members moving 
thence to Culpeper about the time of the organization of that county in 1748. 
At any rate, the reconis of Culpeper show that Gabriel Jones commanded one 
of the eight companies, furnished by the county for the war of the Revolution; 
that previous to its commencement, he had twice married, first Ann Waller, 
who bore him one child, a daughter named Ann, who married William Scott, 
and moved to Lynchburg, Virginia. They had four children : Grabriel, Robert, 
Waller and Hugh. The records also show that Capt. Jones' second wife was 
Martha Slaughter, daughter of Robert Slaughter, the elder, the first Church 
Warden of St. Marks' Parish, by whom he had four children : Robert, Francis, 
Gabriel and Mary. 

Robert and Francis emigrated to Kentucky, about the year 1820, the for- 
mer locating in Adair county, and the latter in Warren county, near Bowliug 
Green. Of Roberts' descendants, little or nothing is known. 

Francis married Hetty Coons and left several daughters and two sons, 
William and Cuthbert. William married Mary Mooklar, by whom he had 
four children : Maria, Sarah E., Mary B., and Prank A. Maria married James 
E. Harney; Sarah E. married Temple Smith; Mary B. married John T. John- 
son; and Frank married Adda Hall. Cuthbert studied medicine; married 
Eliza R. Treat, and moved to Chester, Illinois, many years ago. They had 
eleven children, as follows : 1. Francis S.; 2. Mary E.: 3. William C; 4. Robert 
S.; 5. Llewellyn Powell; 6. Eliza R T.; 7. Edward R.; 8. James P.; 9. Peyton C; 
10. Susan T.; 11. Herbert C. 

The most of these children died young and without issue; only one of 
them. Judge William C. Jones, of St. Louis, Mo., marrying and having any 


descendants. Nov. 20th, 1850, Judge Jones married Mary A. Chester. They 
had ten children, of whom only four are living, viz : Fannie 8., who married 
Walter S. Watson, Julia M., who married Joseph P. Goodman, James C. and 
Giles F., who are unmarried. 

Gabriel Jones, the third son of Captain Gabriel' of the Revolution, married 
Jane Wigginton. They had seven children : Emily, William Wigginton, 
Gabriel Scott, Seth Slaughter, Eliza Ann, John Wigginton and Martha 
Slaughter. Emily married George W. Ronald, son of William R-onald, a lead- 
ing member of the Richmond, Virginia, bar in its early days, who was of 
counsel for the British creditors holding claims against persons residing in the 
United States prior to the Revolution. The children of George W. and Einily 
Ronald were as follows: Francis S. J., William A., Sarah J., Gabriel J., Rich- 
ard W., Emily, Ann E., George W., Seth S., Mary M., John N., Harriet M.,aDd 
Balsora J. 

Francis S. J. Ronald, the first child of George W. and Emily Ronald, 
when quite a young man, left the parental home in Warren county, Ky., and 
settled in Louisville, where through his indomitable energy and close atten- 
tion to business, he became one of its leading citizens, having during his life 
been Deputy Sheriff, Postmaster under Buchanan's administration, and pro- 
prietor of one of the largest and most popular tobacco warehouses in the city. 
He was married twice; his first wife being Mary Decantillon, and his second 
Margaret Thompson. By his first marriage he had three children : William 
A., Emma and Mary D. His second wife died childless. William A. married 
Lucy Grotjan, who had three children, Grotjan, Decantillon and William. 
Decantillon married Harding Williams and has one child : Harding. Grotjau 
and William are unmarried. Mary D. married D. M. Lawson, and has two 
children : Frankie and Carv. Frankie married Williaiii Garvin, and has one 
child: Volney L. Cary is still single. Emma, second child of F. S. J. ami 
Mary Decantillon Ronald, died a number of years a^o, having never married. 

William A. R:)nald, sect>nd child of George W. and Emily Ronald, like his 
brother Frank, located in Louisville some time i)revious to his having reached 
his majority, and like him, through his energy and business habits, he so far 
acquired the respect and confidence of the people as to be elected successively 
marshall of the city, sherifl'-of the county, and for many years held the posi- 
tion of stock agent of the Louisville and Nashville railroad. He married Mary 
J. Marshall, who bore him four children : Kate, Rose, Lee and Sue. Kate died 
young and unmarried. Rose married William Shane, and left one child : Wil- 
liam. Lee married Benjamin E. Webb, and has three children : William, 
Marshall and Hugh. Sue married Andrew T. Kirby, and has one child: 

Gabriel, the third child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married Luey 

Moss, by whom he had three children : Ellen M., Richard, and George. Ellen 

M. married Columbus Smith and has four children : Clyde, Lizzie, Frederick, 

and Varna. Richard married Cora Shrader, and had three children : Earl, 

F]1ma, and l^ee. George died young and unmarried. 

Sarah J., the fourth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, died soon 

after reaching womanhood, having never married. 

Richard W. Ronald, the fifth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, was a 

man of much amiability of character and excellent business capacity For 

many yearn he was a partner of his brother Frank in Louisville's Ninth Street 

Tobacco Warehouse, and was a member of the firm at the time of his deatb. 

He never mirried. 

Ann Eliza, the sixth child of (ireorge W. and Emily Ronald, married A'an«* 
Smith, and died childless. 

Ettily, the seventh child of George W. and Emily Ronald, never married. 
George W., the eighth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, like his 
brothers, Frank, William, Richard and Seth, moved from Warren county, 
Kentucky, to Louisville when young. Not long after his arrival he commenced 
the study of medicine, graduating in the old medical school of that city in 
1849, when he at once opened an office and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession. By assidious attention to his duties, and success in their performance, 
in the course of time he built up a large and lucrative business, and, 
although he has been in the harness for more than half a century, and is a 
man of fortune, he continues to practice, insisting that **it is better to wear 
out than to rust out." He married Laura Glover, daughter of William R. 
Glover, a prominent and wealthy citizen of Lou^ville. Doctor and Mrs. Ron- 
ald have but one child, Albert G., who is a graduate of the Louisville city 
schools, and also of the University of Virginia. By profession he is a lawyer, 
and a partner of his father-in-law, Judge A. E. Richards, having married his 
daughter, Jessie, several years ago. Albert G. and Jessie Ronald have two 
children : George and Mary T. 

Mary M., the ninth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married twice. 
First : Thomas B. Dent, by whom she had one child : Thomas B. Dent, Jr. 
Her present husband is Edwin Talbutt, a man of quiet and unobtrusive habits, 
but of good intellect and extensive reacting. They have no children. Thomas 

B. Dent, Jr., married Laura Smith. They have four children : William, 
Lucien, Paul and Percy. 

Seth S., the tenth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married twice. 
First : Lizzie Herbert; secondly : Amelia Forsyth. His first wife bore him 
seven children : George, Herbert, Laura, Mollie, Florence S., Lavinia, and 
Frank. George, Herbert, Laura and Lavinia are dead. Mollie married Joseph 

C. Barclay, and has one child : Florence. Florence S. married William F. 
Owsley, a grandson of one of the Governors of Kentucky. William F. and 
Florence S. Owsley had five children : Erasmus B., Herbert R., Elizabeth B., 
William B., and Frank. Herbert R. is the only one living. Lavinia, third 
child of S. S« and Elizabeth Ronald, died single. Frank, their youngest child, 
has never married. Amelia, the second wife of Seth S. Ronald, left one child, 
who died in infancy. 

Harriet M., the eleventh child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married 
Alexander C. Stevenson, and has two children : Emily and William. Emily 
married Thomas Berger, and has no children. William married Ophelia Ellis, 
and has five children : Frank L., J. H., Lena P., Eula B., and H. Ronald. 

John N. the twelfth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married Eliza- 
beth Still. They have an only child : Japies. 

Balsora J., the thirteenth child of George W. and Emily R. Ronald, 
married Thomas Rockwell, and has six children : Eula, Herbert, Ronald, Ida, 
Thomas and Laura D.. Ronald married Ida Campbell. They have five chil- 
dren : Herbert, Ronald, Ruby D., William, and Thomas. Ida married Charles 
R. Ousley, and has no children. Laura married Judson L. Price, and is 

William Wigginton Jones, the second child of Gabriel Jones and Jane 
Wigginton, was born August 20, 1795, married Elizabeth Parish October 31, 
1822, and died March 11, 18:>5, leaving seven children. In 1812, when the war 
between the United States and Great Britain commenced. Mr. Jones enlisted 
as a soldier, and his widow drew a pension up to the time of her death, No- 
vember 16, 1882. His children were as follows : John William, Robert Henry, 
Thomas Wigginton, James Parish, Strother Seth, Gabriel Scott, and Mildred 


Johu William, the first child of William W. and Elizabeth Jon^, left 
Culpeper county for Louisville, Kentucky, when only fifteen years of age, and 
for three years served as clerk in the hardware store of his uncle, John Wig- 
ginton Jones. He then returned to Virginia and attended school for several 
years. Returning to Louisville, he began the study of law, graduating in 
1851 at the law school of that city. The following year he commenced the 
practice of his profession at Rockville, Indiana, where he remained for two 
years, when he removed to Terre Haute, of which city and the county of Vigo, 
he was elected Common Pleas Judge in 1856. For the last twenty years he has 
resided at Bowling Green, Kentucky, where he has been engaged in news- 
paper work in the capacity of editorial writer. 

Robert Henry, the second son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth JoDes, 
was a private in the Confederate army, and was killed in Missouri in 1862. 

Thomas Wigginton, third son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
is a farmer and has also served as Commissioner of the Revenue. October 16, 
1851, he married Mildred D. Hansbrough, by whom he had the following chil- 
dren : William Wigginton, John Wesley, Mary Long, Thomas Benjamin, 
Emma Stevens, William Wigginton, Hervey Slaughter, and Annie Howard. 
William W., John W., Mary L., and Annie Howard are dead. Hervey 8. 
married Bessie Irvine. They have one child : John Irvine. Thomas B., Emma 
S., and William W. are all unmarried. 

James Farish, the fourth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
was by profession a phybician, graduating at the old medical school in Louis- 
ville in 1855. When the war between the States commenced, he volunteered 
as a private in the brandy Rifles. In 1863 he was captured and sent to Point 
Lookout, where he remained until he was exchanged as a sick prisoner. At 
the time of his exchange his health was so poor that he could get no further 
than Richmond, where he died April 26, 1884. 

Strother S., the fifth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, has 
at different periods of his life beem a farmer, school teacher, Commissioner of 
the Revenue, and soldier. When the war commenced he enlisted as a private 
in the Black Horse company, and was present at the first and ^t battles of 
that long and bloody struggle. He married Lucy Stewart, and has three chil- 
children : Betty, Susan, and Mary. Betty married Arthur Hart, and has five 
children: Meta R., Alexander, Bessie, Susan, and Strother H. Susan married 
James Matthews, and has two children : Seth and Stewart.- Mary is un- 

Gabriel Scott, thfe sixth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
was, by profession, a lawyer, graduating at the Louisville Law School in 1854. 
He commenced the practice in Rockville, Indiana, moving thence to Terra 
' Haute, and thence to Dubuque, Iowa, where he was residing when the war 
began. Coming to Culpeper he joined the Brandy Rifles as a private in the 
ranks, and continued in service until the surrender! In 1866 he resumed the 
practice of his profession, locating at Rodney, Mississippi, where hb remained 
a few years, removing thence to Texas, and died at Beaumont, in that State, 
March 23, 1899. 

Mjldred Jane, the seventh child and only daughter of William Wigginton 
and Elizabeth Jones, resided with her mother until the death of the latter, 
i which occurred at Culpeper Court House November 16, 1882. 

Of the seven children of William Wigginton and EUizabeth Jones, only 
two, Thomas and Strother, ever married. 

Eliza Ann, the third child of (Gabriel and Jane Jonesi^ died unmarried in 
Warren county, Kentucky, in 1H47. 

Seth Slaugrhter, the fourth child of Gabriel and Jane Jones, moved from 
Gulpeper county, Virginia, to Warren county, Kentucky, about 1886, and 
settled on a farm near 'Bowling Green. He was a man of much amiability of 
character and popular with all classes of people. He married Elizabeth Briggs, 
and had two children : William Henry and Mary M. William Henry began 
his business life as a clerk in a store in Bowling Green. He also served as clerk 
of the common council of that city for a number of years. In 1885, when 
Charles H, Thomas was appointed United States Circuit Judge of South 
Dakota, he received the appointment of clerk of that court, and removed to 
Deadwood in that territory, returning to Bowling Green at the expiration of 
Judge Thomas' term of office. In 1897 l»e was elected clerk of the Circuit 
Court of Warren county for six years, the duties of which office he is now dis- 
charging. He married Mattie Robinson and has two children : Elsie and 
William Henry. Mary married John Turpin, and has three children : Redford 
T., William H., and Perrin Slaughter. * 

Gabriel Scott, the fifth child of Gabriel and Jane Jones, soon after reach- 
ing his majority, moved from Culpeper county, Virginia, to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, where he continued to reside until his death. During the greater part 
of his life, he held some office under the city, generally that of constable or 
collector of taxes. He married Hetty Camp. They had four children : Wil- 
liam Edward, Gabriel Ambrose, Robert C, and Eliza. 

William Edward, the first child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, was a 
Lieutenant in the Mexican War, and a Captain in the Confederate army. In 
1862, while leading his company in a charge through the streets of Glasgow, 
Kentucky, he was killed. He married Kate Franklin, of Ijouisville, and left 
several children, whose names are unknown. 

Gabriel Ambrose, the second child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, com- 
menced the discharge of the active duties of life as a constable. He afterwards 
engaged in the livery business in which he was engaged at the time of his death 
in 1898. He married Lottie Ellis, who bore him five children : Frank, Hugh, 
Ellis, Norton and Mary Lee, all of whom are living, except Ellis. 

Robert Camp Jones, the third child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, was 
for a number of years, and at the time of his death, an excellent and popular 
teacher in the public schools of the city of Louisville. .He was twice married. 
The name of his first wife was Anna Barrel. The name of his second, Anna 
Kirby. Each had one child. The name of the child of the first wife is May 
Esther. That of the second wife, Bertie. 

Eliza, the fourth child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, married William 
Ellis, and had three children : Jessie, William T., and Fay. 

John Wigginton, the sixth child of Gabriel and Jane Jones, before arriving 
of age, left Culpeper county and located at Louisville, Kentucky, where he 
obtained a situation in a dry goods store. In 1838 he purchased a stock of 
hardware and commenced business for himself, which he conducted for a few 
years, when he returned to Virginia, and married Mary Eliza Valentine, a 
most estimable lady, the daughter of Edward Valentine, of Staunton, Vir- 
{(iaia, and his only child. The fruit of this marriage was six children : Susan 
Archer, Sally Anderson, Edward Valentine, Ella Jane, Mary Eliza, and Anna 
Rosa. Edward Valentine is an Episcopal minister and has charge of two 
churches, one in Albemarle county, the other in the county of Louisa. He 
married Mary Smith Ruffin, and has four children : Edward Valentine, Ed- 
mund Ruffin, Mary Ruffin, and Susan. Ella Jane married Richard B. Rich- 
ardson, and has no children. None of the other daughters have married. 


His first wife having died, John Wigginton Jones married Marion Stuart 
Alexander, who bore him five children : Julia Manderville, John Stuart, Mar- 
tha Slaughter, Gustavus Alexander, and Ashton Blair. Of the children two 
are married : Julia Manderville and Alexander Augustus, the former having 
married Charles Stuart Mayo, who died without issue, and the latter Mary E. 
Scott, wro has two children : Elvira Scott and Gustavus Alexander. 

Martha Slaughter, the seventh and youngest child of Gabriel and Jane 
Jones, married Wesley H. Perkins, who died from cholera in 1849. They had 
no children. 

Mary, the only daughter of the Revolutionary soldier. Captain Gabriel 
Jones, and his wife, Martha Slaughter, was a woman of many excellent quali- 
ties, both of mind and heart. Marrying, early in life, Richard Young Wiggin- 
ton, a man of considerable fortune, who died childless soon after their mar- 
riage, having no children of her own, she was enabled to become a mother to 
the children of others. How well she discharged this self imposed duty is well 
attested by the care and attention she bestowed upon a number of her half 
neices and ne^jhews, grandchildren of her mother, Martha Jones, and her second 
husband, William Broadus, two of whom, William H. Ward, and Martha F. 
Thompson, she adopted and educated, the former living with her as long as 
she lived, and the latter until her marriage, which took place at her 
home. Besides these two, there were several others, whose mothers bore the 
name of Broaddus, among them the late R. W. Thompson, who, after the 
death of their mothers, always found a home at this kind hearted old lady's 
residence, and received substantial legacies from her at her death. 

Stern and exacting, where principle was involved, this excellent old woman, 
in what she regarded as the non-essentials, was yielding and indulgent. Not 
only was she kind and generous to her relations, but a good and true friend to 
the poor, and one who sympathized with them in their trials and misfortunes, 
and at all times stood ready, with willing hand and open purse, to minister to 
their comforts, and relieve their wants. Years ago she went to her eternal re- 
ward , and her body is interred in the old family graveyard, near the homestead 
where she so long and so well performed her deeds of thoughtful and unpre- 
tentious generosity and kindness. The old house too, which was once the 
scene of the performance of so many good deeds, is also gone, and another and 
more modern one occupies its place, but the fragrance of the memory of its 
inmate and owner, is still fresh in the minds of the few who are left to recall 
and relate the story of her many virtues and excellencies. The old Wigginton 
place is now owned and occupied by Mr. S. W. Thompson. 



Ambrose Powell Hill, a lineal descendant of Captain Ambrose Powell, a 
vestryman of Bromfield parish in 1752, and the son of Maj. Thomas Hill, waft 
born in Culpeper county November 9, 1825. He entered West Point Academy 
July 1, 1842, and graduated thence July 1, 1847, the fifteenth in merit in a 
class of thirty-six, among whom were Generals John S. Mason, O. B. Wilcor, 
H. G. Gibson, A. E. Burnside, John Gibbon, R. B. Ayers, Charles Griffin, 
Thomas H. Neill, W. W. Barnes, E. L. Viele, and L. C. Hunt, of the United 
States Army, and General Harry Heth, of the Confederate Army. Enteringr 
the First Artillery as Brevet Second Lieutenant, Hill became First Lieutenant 
September 4, 1851. He was engaged during the Mexican war at Huamantla 
the 9th of October, and at Atlixas the 12th of October, 1847, and in Florida 
against the Seminole Indians in 1849 — 50, and from 1852 to 1855. He was an 

assistant on the coast survey from November, 1855, until March 1, 1861, when 
he resigned his commission. Upon the breaking out of hostilities between the 
North and South, he was chosen Colonel of the Thirteenth Virginia Regiment, 
which, at the first battle of Manassas, with the remainder of the command of 
General Joseph E. Johnston, arrived on the field just in time to secure and 
complete the victory of that memorable day. Colonel Hill was promoted Feb- 
ruary 26, 1862, to the rank of Brigadier-General, and by his signal gallantry at 
the battle of Williamsburg, in May, drew the eyes of the public upon him. 
He greatly distinguished himself in the sanguinary seven days battles around 
Richmond, commencing on the 26th of June, in command of one of the largest 
divisions of the Army of Richmond, and which was composed of the brigades 
of Anderson, Branch, Pender, Gregg, Field and Archer. At Meadow Bridge, 
with only a portion of his command, he made the first attack upon McClellan, 
and in a terrible conflict encouraged his troops by a fearless intrepidity which 
constantly exposed him to the fiercest fire of the enemy. Successful at this 
point. General Hill was placed first in the line of advance and bore the brunt 
of the action at Frazier's Farm, where, with his own division and one brigade 
of that of Longstreet, he fouglit and overcame a largely superior force which 
broke the spirit of the enemy and achieved final victory. 

In this series of battles the division of Hill lost 3870 men killed and wounded 
Immediately after this battle General Hill was promoted, July 14, 1862, to the 
rank of Major-General. In the campaign of Northern Virginia the division of 
A^ P. Hill was sent to reinforce Stonewall Jackson, who had been dispatched to 
check the advance of Pope. At the battle of Cedar Run, Hill gallantly bus- 
tained the prestige he had won. He also bore a conspicuous part in subse- 
quent operations, marching with Jackson in his fiank movement towards the 
Rappahannock and Manassas. At the second battle of Manassas he repeated 
a similar exhibition of valor to that of Frazier's Farm, and with dauntless 
abandon met and repulsed at the point of the bayonet six distinct and separ- 
ate assaults of the enemy, a majority of the men a portion of the time being 
without cartridges. The next day (August 30, 1862), his division was again 
engaged, and late in the evening drove the enemy before thpm, capturing two 
batteries, many prisoners, and resting at night on Bull Run. At Sharpsburg 
the accomplishment of A. P. Hill was in brilliancy not surpassed by any other 
recorded during the war. With three brigades, numbering scarce 2,000 men, 
he drove back Burnside's Corps, 15,000 strong. 

After the battle of Sharpsburg, when General Lee determined to with- 
draw from Maryland, Hill was directed with his division to cover the retreat 
of the army, and in the performance of this duty at Botlers Ford, on the 20tli 
of September, 1862, was enacted one of the most terrible episodes of the war. 
Lee's ariijy was well across the Potomac when it was found that some brigades 
of the enemy had ventured to cross during the preceeding night and were 
making preparations to hold their position. General Jackson at once ordered 
A. P. Hill to drive the enemy back. After some preliminary movements a 
aunultaneous charge was made by Hill, and the enemy forced in a confused 
mass into the river. "Then writes General Hill, describing the action with 
^aphic horror, "commenced the most terrible slaughter this war has yet 
witnessed. The broad surface of the Potomac was blue with the float- 
ing CORPSES OF OUR FOE. But few escaped to tell the tale. By their own 
account they lost 3,000 men killed and drowned from one brigade alone. In this 
battle Hill did not use a piece of artillery; but relying upon the musket and 

bayonet, he punished the enemy beyond precedent. At the battle of Freder- 
icksburg, HilPs Division formed the right of Jackson's force, at Chancellors- 
ville the center, and participated in the flank movement that crushed Hooker. 


The death of the illastrious Jackson devolved the command upon Hill, and 
he was soon after wounded. Upon the reorganization of Lee's army he was 
made, May 24, 1863, a Lieutenant-General, and placed in command of the third 
of the three corps into which it was divided. His was the first corps in action 
at Gettysburg. In Lee's flank movement of the same to get between Meade 
and Washington City, A. P. Hill sustained the only reverse of his career. 
Having fallen upon a superior force of the enemy at Bristoe Station, conceal- 
ed by a railroad embankment, in a vain effort to dislodge it he lost several 
hundred in killed and wounded, and five pieces of artillery. In the momen- 
tous campaign of 1864 General Hill was again conspicuous, his corps, with that 
of Ewell, opening the action in the Wilderness. A few days thereafter his fee- 
ble health so gave away that he was unable to remain on duty, when Jubal A. 
Early was assigned to the command of his corps. After the scenes of Spot- 
sylvania Court House, General Hill reported for duty, resumed command of 
his corps, and fought with it to the last day in front of Petersburg. August 
25, 1864, at Reames Station, he attacked the enemy in his entrenchments and 
carried his entire lines, capturing seven stand of colors, 2,000 prisoners and 
nine pieces of ai-tillery. 

At the final attack on the Southside Railroad and the defense of Peters- 
burg, he was restlessly active in his exertions to repel the Federal attack. On 
the morning of April 2, 1865, desiring to obtain a nearer view of a portion of 
the line of the enemy, he left his staff behind him in a place of safety, rode 
forward accompanied by a single orderly, and soon came upon a squad jof 
Federals who had advanced along a ravine far beyond their lines. He immed- 
iately ordered them to surrender, which they were on the point of doing, un- 
der the supposition that a column of troops was just behind him. But soon 
discovering that he was slightly attended, they fired upon him, and he fell, 
pierced through the heart by a rifie ball.. The following night his body waft 
hastily buried in the cemetery at Petersburg, but was subsequently reinterred 
in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, where his remains are marked by the 
words, **Lt-Gen. A. P. Hill," cut into the granite curbing in front of the grave. 
The trust reposed in A. P. Hill by the illustrious chieftains, Lee and Jackson, 
found solemnly impressive exemplification in the dying ejaculations of each, 
which, too, are remarkable for their semblance. **Tell A. P. Hill to prepare 
for action," were amongst the words of Stonewall Jackson. **Tell Hill he 
must come up," were the last words of the peerless Lee. What more honora- 
ble tribute? 



[By Jud^e D. A. Griinsley.] 

[Daniel Amon Griinsley, son of Rev. Bamett Grimsley and Ruth U. Grims- 
ley, was born April 8rd, 1840, in Calpeper, now Rappahannock county, near 
^V'ashingrton. When about twenty years old Jud^e Grimsley enlisted as a pri- 
vate in the Rappahannock cavalry, which was first commanded by Captain 
Fohn Shackelford Green, and was appointed orderly sergeant soon after the 
5ompany went into active service. Was elected first lieutenant upon the re- 
>rganization of the company in the spring of 1862, and within a few days 
thereafter became captain upon the promotion of Capt. Green, and afterwards 
major and lieutenant colonel of the sixth Virginia cavalry, to which the Rap- 
pahannock company belonged. He served through the entire war from April, 
1861, to the surrender at Appomattox. Major Grimsley, although he had 
several horses shot under him, was never wounded, sick, or on furlough for 
more than a day or two at a time, and was in command of his regiment a 
greater portion of the time during the latter years of the war. Major Grims- 
ley has an accurate memory, which, together with his thorough knowledge of 
military affairs, virtually renders him an oracle, and he is always sought out 
by those in search of information along these lines. 

After the i^jar. Judge Grimsley studied law under a private tutor, Mr. H. 
It, Moffett, in Rappahannock, and upon obtaining his license, began the prac- 
;ie« of his profession at Culpeper in 1867. He was elected to the State Senate 
n 1869, of which body he remained a member until 1879. In 1880 he was ap- 
>ointed by Gov. Holliday judge of the sixth judicial circuit to fill a vacancy 
iaused by the death of Judge Henry Shackelford. The readjuster party ob- 
aining control of the State in 1872, he was defeated in the election for that 
>ffice. In 1885 he was elected to the House of Delegates to represent Culpeper 
jounty, and in 1886 he was elected judge of the sixth judicial circuit, which 
position he still occupies. 

In 1866, Judge Grimsley married Bettie N., daughter of William L. Brown- 
ng, and has six living children, who are : Margaret, married George Drewey, 
iTir^nia, Thomas Edwin, married Mary Edelin, Mary B., married John Strode 
Barbour, Fanny G., and Elizabeth Bamett. Their younger child, Ethel, died 
% few years since of typhoid fever. — R. T. G.] 

Brandy Station was the great battle ground between the cavalry of the 
irmles of Northern Virginia, and of the Potomac, during the war between the 
States. It was the scene of quite a half dozen pitched battles, in which thou- 
sands of horsemen met in the rude shock of conflict. 



Brandy Station was directly on the line of advance and retreat of the 
armies, between Washington and Richmond. A station on the Soathem rail- 
way (then the Orange and Alexandria), which either army, occupying Culpeper, 
used for the purpose of supply. It was a point from which the road south 
diverged eastward to Fredericksburg, to the Wilderness and the lower Rapidan, 
and westward to Madison and Orange; going north, they diverged westward 
towards Warrenton and upper Fauquier, and eastward towards Kelly villa and 
fhe lower Potomac. So it was an objective point in the movements of either 
army, in either direction. The country around about the Station was admira- 
bly adapted to cavalry movements. It was a broad, open, undulating plaiu, 
without forest or other serious obstruction to the movements of lai^e bodies 
of troops, but sufficiently rolling to furnish select positions for the use of artil- 

In the early part of the war the country was well fenced, occasionally by 
a hedge and ditch, which offered serious obstruction to the movements of 
cavalry, and was not unfrequently, both in charge and retreat, the occasion 
of serious mishap to the bold cavalier, being especially disastrous in retreat. 
However, the fences soon disappeared, and the hedge rows were leveled to the 
earth, and it became an ideal locality for cavalry. 

It was occupied for a time by Gen. Stuart in the spring of 1862, on the 
retreat of the Confederate Army from Manassas, and some little skirmishuig 
then took place, between the videttes and pickets along the banks of the 
Rappahannock. No serious engagement, however, occurred until the SOth of 
August, 1862, when Lee advanced on Pope, then occupying Culpeper, just 
previous to the second battle of Manassas. 

After the defeat of MeClellan, before Richmond, it will be remembered, 
General Lee quietly transferred his army to Orange county, and massed it 
behind Clarke's Mountain, from which point he design^ed to hurl his veteran 
battalions on the flank and rear of Pope, in 'Julpeper. Lieut-Colonel Hender- 
son, of the English Army, who is at present [Jan. 1900.] a staff officer of Lord 
Roberts in the South African war, in his life of Jackson, gives the following 
beautiful description of the landscape, as seen from Clarke's Mountain, where 
Jackson had established a signal station. 

**The view from the summit embraced an extended landsQape. The rav- 
ages of war had not yet effaced its tranquil beauty, nor had the names of its 
l>righi; rivers and thriving villages become household words. It was still 
unknown to history; a peaceful and pastoral district, remote from beaten 
tracks of trade, and inhabited by a quiet and industrious people. Today, 
few regions can boast of sterner or more heroic memories. To the right, roll- 
ing away in light and shadow, for a score of miles, is the great forest of Spots- 
sylvania, within whose gloomy depths lie the fields of Chaneellorsville, where 
the breastworks of the Wilderness can still be traced, and on the eastern 
verge of which stand the grass grown batteries of Fredericksburg. North- 
ward, and beyond the woods which hide the Rapidan, the eye ranges over the 
wide and fertile plains of Culpeper, with the green crest of Slaughter's Moun- 
tain overlooking Cedar Run, and the dim levels of Brandy Station, the scene 
of the great cavalry battle, just visible beyond. Far away to the northeast, 
the faint outline of a range of hills marks the source of Bull Run and the 
Manassas plateau, and to the west, the long ramparts of the Blue Ridge, 

softened by the distance, stand high above the Virginia plains.'*' 

This movement was designed to be begun on the 18th day of August, hnt 
by reason of the delay of the cavalry, in reaching Orange from the Peninsrila, 
it was not begun until about 3 o'clock on the morning of the 20th. General 
Pope, having in the meantime, learned of Lee's meditat-ed attack, began his 

retreat on the morning of the 19th, and had reached the south bank of the 
Rappahannock before Gen. Lee left Orangre. The Confederate Army crossed 
the Rapidan at Raccoon and Morton's Fords, and moved towards the towns 
of Culpeper and Brandy Station, preceded by Robertson's brigade of cavalry, 
consisting of the second, sixth, seventh, eleventh and twelfth Virginia Regi- 
ments, White's battalion, and Fitz Lee's brigade, consisting at that time of 
the Ist. Maryland, 3rd, 4th and 5th regiments. Gen. Fitz Lee took the road by 
Madden's towards Kellysville, and Gen. Robertson the road by Stevensburg 
to Brandy Station, Gen. Stuart moving in person with Robertson's bri- 
gade. Gen. Bayard, of the Federal Army, was directed with his brigade, then 
at Brandy Station, and consisting of the Ist. Pa., 1st. N. Y., 1st. R. I., 1st. 
Mass., and 2nd. N. Y., to protect the flank and rear of the retreating army in 
the direction of Stevensburg. At that time, if the writer remembers rightly, 
for some distance out of Brandy Station, on the Stevensburg road, there were 
woods on both sides of the road, and on the east side they extended beyond 
the point where the Culpeper road now turns off from the Stevensburg road, 
and in those woods, the Federal cavalry, their rearguard having been driven 
back from Stevensburg, made their first determined stand against the advance 
of the Confederate cavalry. By dismounting a portion of his force, armed 
with carbines, and judiciously posted in these woods. Gen Bayard was en- 
abled to hold in check the advance of the Confederates for some time. After 
the contest here had been waged for quite a while. Gen. Robertson moved 
some portion of liis command, around by the Wise house in the direction of 
the Barbour hill, and thus turning the flank and reaching for the rear of the 
Federal commander, forced him from his position in the woods in front of 
Brandy. Falling back from this position, he made a stand on Fleetwood 
Heights in solid columns of squadron , with mounted skirmishers in front and 
flp..nk. The Confederates moved up rapidly, and attacked the Federals in this 
new position with great dash and spirit. Gen. Stuart, in his report of this 
engagement at this point, says : " Robertson's regiments were hurled in 
rapid succession, in columns of four, upon the main body of the enemy's cav- 
alry, and before the clash of the sabres they took fright and fled, taking re- 
fuge close to the river, under protection of their batteries on the other side." 
He always paid a high compliment to this command, which, he says : "had 
been brought to the stability of veterans by the discipline, organization and 
drill of the brigade commander." Gen. Bayard, in his report, says: "that 
the sudden charge and yells of the enemy seemed to strike terror to his men, 
and they soon began running;" that they were rallied, however, and retreated 
quietly to the Rappahannock Fitz Lee, on this same occasion, had a spirited 
engagement with the Federal cavalry on the road from Madden's to Kelley's 

Fleetwood Heights is a beautiful location. Being an elevated ridge, which 
extends eastward at right angles to the elevation extending south from Wel- 
ford's, and jutting out into the plains, it commands the country and roads 
leading north and south from Brandy Station. On this occasion it received 
its baptism of fire, and thereafter, there was no movement of troops across 
the borders of Culpeper that artillery did not blaze from its summits, and 
charging squadrons, on its slopes and around its base, did not contend for 

The day after this engagement the cavalry, followed by the whole army, 

moved westward along the south banks of the Rappahannock into the Little 
Fork and finally swinging around through Thoroughfare Gap, debouched on 
the plains of Manassas, to win, for a second time, a victory on the same field. 
The writer has a most pleasant recollection of the kindness on this occasion of 


one of the most worthy and respected citizens of 'the town of Culpeper. He 
(the writer) was on picket duty the night before, at Rapidan Station, with a 
squadron of cavalry, and was ordered to join his regiment the next day at 
Brandy. This put his line of march through the town of Culpeper, and he en- 
tered it on the heels of the retreating enemy. When he had arrived 
on Main street, at a point opposite the store of Dr. Gorreli, he lound 
that that gentleman, in anticipation of the coming of the Confederates, had 
prepared a huge tub of lemonade to refresh the tired soldiers. Just think 
of it I Ice cold lemonade, with plenty of lemon in it to make it sour, and 
plenty of sugar to make it sweet, and ice to make it cold, to a tired, weary, 
dirty, dusty Confederate soldier, on a hot day in August. I think of it now, 
and, although it is winter time, I thirst for that lemonade to-day, and wonld 
enjoy so much a draught of it from a clean, shining tin cup. We thank him 
for it still. May he live long and prosper. 


Perhaps we might have heretofore referred to the first incursions of Fed- 
eral troops in the county and village of Culpeper on the morning of the 5th of 
May, 1882. Major D. Porter Stowell, commanding the 1st Mass. Cavalry, 
crossed the Rappahannock river at Beverly's Ford on the night of the 4tb, 
and after refreshing men and animals on the farm and at the house of 
Mr. Richard Cunningham, came on to the village the following morning. It 
seems to have been the irony of fate, that the soil of Culpeper should have 
been first invaded by the sons of New England. Nearly a hundred years pre- 
vious, when Massachusetts was threatened with invasion and oppression from 
the mother country, among the first to take up arms in defense of her canse, 
as well as the common cause of the colonies, were the gallant * 'Minute Men" 
of Culpeper. Now, the first to appear, as armed invaders of her soil, were the 
sons of those, with whom they had stood shoulder to shoulder a hundred yean 
before, and this in the sacred names of union, liberty and fieedoni. Well may 
we say with Madame Roland : "Oh liberty! What crimes have been committed 
in thy name." 

The officer in command of the expedition says he found on the farm of Mr. 
Cunningham abundant forage for his horses, and that the overseer, a Mr. 
Wiltshire, was very kind to him, furnishing forage and opening the mansion 
house for occupancy by his command. He speaks of it as an elegant old mao' 
sion, handsomely furnished, and says that he and his soldiers enjoyed their 
repose on sofas, couches, beds, lounges and on the parlor floors. He was evi- 
dently a gentleman, and understood , even in war, the laws of property rights, 
for he says, notwithstanding it had been the headquarters of the Confederate 
generals, and the absence of the owner, yet nothing in the house, or about the ^ 
premises, was taken or injured by his men. Leaving Cunningham^ he fol- i 
lowed the ridge road, passing the brick house ot Dr. Huntington (Dr. Dan'L 
Green's), and came out by the Barbour house to Brandy Station. He gives, in 
his report, a very interesting account of his trip, of the route pursued, of the 
beauty and fertility of the country, and the temper of the people with whom 
he met. He speaks of the country as lovelj- in its appearance, well cultivated, 
and filled with supplies of all sorts, for man and beast. That most of the 
farmers had left their homes in.charge of their overseers, but that their farm- 
ing work was going on as usual. 

At this time there were no Confederate troops north of Gordonsville, save 
two companies of cavalry of the 2rid. Va. Reg., encamped on the Greenwood es- 
tate, an<i engaged in picketing the roads north of Culpeper. The officer report- 
ed that he encountered the (.onfedorate pickets some three miles north of Col- 

peper, who retired upon his approach, and that he sent forward an advance 
squadron, which pursued them rapidly into the village. He further says, that 
just before he reached town, he met a young man, by the name of "Bedsham," 
who said "he lived five or six miles north of the village; that he was in town 
when the news of their approach was received, and that it produced great 
fright and consternation among the citizens as well as the soldiers encamped 
near. That he was a good Union man, and that when the Confederates passed 
through, they wanted him and his father to go with them, but they would not 
do it, and that their horses were much better than the Confederates." This 
must have been Beverlv Beckham. Was he not **soft soldering" the com- 
manding officer, and did he not take it in beautifully ? They remained but a 
short time in the village, and took back with them, as they reported, eight 
prisoners. Thomas Lewis, of the Piedmont Hotel, Col. Ned Freeman, Judge 
Henry Shackelford, and David P. Stallard, were four of them. Who were the 
others ? Were they citizens or soldiers ? Do any of our people remember ? 
Upon the approach of the Confederate cavalry, a few shots were exchanged, 
and the Federals retired. 

A few days thereafter, the writer, who was at that time captain of Co. B 

(Rappahannock Cavalry,) 6th Reg., was sent from the valley, with his com 

pany, to reinforce the cavalry, stationed near Culpeper. He also encamped on 
the Greenwood estate, and picketed the road leading north of Culpeper. We 
remained in this neighborhood until the morning of the 2l8t of May, when 
orders were received to join Jackson in the valley, in his advance on Banks at 
Winchester. As we moved through the town of Culpeper on that morning, 
we halted for a short while in the streets, and the men dismounted. Mr. John 
Turner, a highly intelligent old gentleman, a former resident of Rappahan- 
nock, but then residing in Culpeper, came to the command, mingled freely with 
the boys, and greeted them all warmly, for he either knew them personally, 
or knew their fathers. When the command to m:>iint was given he said good 
bye to many, and took his position on the side walk, and as we moved off, we 
left him standing there gazing, tenderly and earnestly, at the column as it 
QiQved along, with the tears rolling down his furrowed cheeks. He was 
a very quiet, passive, undemonstrative man, and the writer was deeply im- 
pressed with the feeling and emotion which he exhibited on that occasion. 
All of Culpeper might have joined the old man in his feelings on that occa- 
sion, and could they have lifted the veil of the future, and seen but a few days 
in advance, they would have unquestionably done so, for there marched in 
the ranks of that company, three of Culpeper's noblest younir men, who, a few 
days thereafter, laid down their lives for their country, and for their country's 
cause. We refer to Sergeant Frank Duncan, William Field and Phillip Field, 
sons of Judge Richard H. Field. The first was a soldier of a year's experience, 
a model one submissive and obedient to orders himself, he exacted obedience 
of others. He was bold and fearless in danger, and was actuated, at all times, 
by a high sense of duty to his country. The last two had but recently joined 
the cavalry service. At the outbreak of the war they were students at the 
University of Virginia, but they laid aside their books, and joined the *'Cul- 
peper Minute Men," 3rd. Va. infantry, in which they served till discharged in 
the spring of 1862. The elder, William, was a young man of some twenty-two 
or twenty-three years of age, tall and well developed, with a bright and 
cheery disposition, and altogether, one of the handsomest young men we 
ever knew. The younger, Philip, was a tall, slender boy of some eighteen 
years, with a face as delicate, as gentle, and as refined as a woman's, but with 
a shade of sadness which but added to the attractiveness of his expression. 


Two days thereafter, Duncan and Philip Field were killed, and a few days 
following, William was also slain on tl^e battlefield. I'heir bodies were sent to 
their homes, and buried in the family burying ground, where they sleep with 
their ancestors of many generations. There names are worthy to be remem- 
bered and cherished by the people of Culpeper among their heroic dead. The 
death of his two promising sons broke the heart ot the father. Judge Field, 
who soon sank into a premature grave. 

The Confederate army went into quarters for the winter of 1862-3 on the 
south side of the Rappahannock river, from the Wilderness to Port Royal, 
with the cavalry brigade of Fitz Lee on its left, in Orange and Culpeper coun- 
ties, guarding the Rappahannock. The Federal army occupied the counties 
of King George, Stafford, and lower Fauquier on the north bank of the Rappa- 
hannock, with its cavalry on its right. In the early spring of 1863, Gen. Stone- 
man, then in command of the cavalry corps of the Federal army, ordered Gen. 
Averill, of the 2nd. cavalry division, 'to take a force of about three thousand, 
with six pieces of artillery, across the Rappahannock river at or near Kelley- 
ville, and to rout and destroy the Confederate cavalry brigade of Fitz Lee, 
then occupying Oulpeper, and encamped in the neighbood of Brandy Station 
and Stevensburg. Gen. Lee's brigade at that time consisted of the 1st., 2nd.. 
3rd., 4th. and 5th. Va. regiments, and one battery of horse artillery, com- 
manded by one of the most gallant and promising artillery officers in the 
service. Major John Pelham, of Alabama. Lee's brigade numbered perhaps 
1200 in all. AverilPs command was about 2100, after making details for scouts, 
pickets and couriers. It seems from the records that Gen. R. E. Lee first 
learned of this reconnoisance by the Federal cavalry, and as early as 11 A. M. 
on the 16th, notified Fitz Lee of the movement. But it was unknown what 
point the enemy would select for crossing the river. Early on the morning of 
the 17th, the Federal cavalry appeared at Kelley's Ford, at which point the 
Confederates had a strong picket force, commanded by Captain White, and 
by its resistance, and the obstruction which had previously been placed about 
the ford, the crossing of the Federals was delayed for an hour or more After 
a spirited picket fight at the river, resulting in some loss on both sides, the 
Federals effected a crossing, and, so soon as their purpose to cross at that 
I)oint, with their entire force, was made apparent, Lee hurried his whole com- 
mand in that direction, and at once the battle was joined with great spirit, 
dash and courage on both sides. The Federals first took a position half a 
mile or more south of the ford, and south of the point where the Stevens- 
burg road turns to the left. The 4th., 3rd. and 16th. Penn., the 1st. and 5th. 
U. S., the 4th. N. J., and 2nd. Ohio constituted the line of battle, with Bak- 
er's brigade in reserve near the mill. The position of the Federals was a strong 
one, protected by woods and and a stone fence in front. It was, however, 
repeatedly charged by the Southern cavalry, the 3rd. Virginia leading in 
the advance, but they were unable to dislodge the Federals from the position 
which they occupied. After repeated efforts in this direction, the Confeder- 
ates slowly retired to a position a mile or two in the rear, where the battle 
raged with great fury. *'From the time the battle was first joined," says Fitz 
Lee, in his report, "it was a series of gallant charges by the different regimants, 
and once by the whole brigade in line. My men, some times unable to cross 
the fences or ditches in their front, behind which the Federals were protected, 
wheeled about, delivering their fire in the very faces of the enemy,and reformed 
again under a heavy fire from their artillery and small arms." Lieut. Holtz- 

man, of Co. D., 4th. Virginia cavalry, who kept a diary of all the movements 
of his command, tells me that he has it recorded, that on more than one occa- 
sion, when the charging squadrons of Confederate cavalry would encounter 

fended, tbey ^ould deliberately halt, dismount, and, under fire of the Federal 
batterries with ^rape and cannister, as well as small arms, pull aside the 
fences at the corners, to enable them to pass through. The battle continued 
until late in the evening, when the Federals, unable to accomplish the pur- 
pose, for which they had crossed the river, retired. The Confederates were 
perfectly willing that they should go, and were unable to inflict any serious 
loss upon them in their retreat. 

Considering the superiority in numbers, the result was a splendid achieve- 
ment for the Confederates, and became the subject of congratulatory orders 
on the part of Gen. Lee to his brigade. But it was not without serious loss in 
both men and animals; about 170 horses were killed, and an equal number of 
men killed and wounded. A peculiarity of the wounds in this engagement, 
Mras that they were nearly all made with the saber, showing that the battle 
Btras fought at close quarters, and with great obstinacy. The Culpeper com- 
pany, (Capt. Hill) of the 4th. regiment, was in the thickest of the fight, from 
morning till the enemy retired. The Confederate loss was' much greater than 
that of the Federals, especially in officers, among the latter were the gallant 
Maj. Puller, of the 5th. cavalry, and Lieut. Harris, of the 4th., and the splendid 
and much beloved Pelham, of the Horse Artillery. The record of this latter 
officer had been bright and spotless, and he had endeared himself to the whole 
army. He was a modest, gentle, unassuming boy, scarcely twenty-one years 
old, and yet he had the coolness of a veteran on the field, and gave great prom- 
ise of future achievements; a genius for war that was brilliant and attractive. 
He was struck on the head with a fragment of a shell, and his skull crushed, 
but before life was extinct, he was brought to the house of Judge Shackleford, 
in the town of Culpeper, where he expired amidst weeping friends and com- 
rades. His death cast a gloom over the entire corps, and the usual badge of 
military mourning was worn for him for thirty days.' 

Again on April 30th., Brandy Station and Culpeper were the scenes of 
another cavalry engagement, though not of as much consequence as some 
others. Just preceding the movement of the Union army for Chancellors- 
viJle, Stoneman, with his cavalrv corps, crossed the river at Kellyville, for a raid 
on the Central Elailroad, about Louisa C. H., the James river, Kanawha 
Clanal, and other points in rear of the Confederate army. After crossing the 
ivei*, Averill, with his division, was sent in the direction of Brandy Station 
md Culpeper, with instructions to destroy the cavalry force that he might 
tncounter, while Stoneman, with the residue of his command, moved lower 
low^D, and crossing the river at Raccoon Ford, proceeded towards Louisa C. H. 
l.verill encountered William H. F. Lee about Brandy Station, and they had 
onie pretty lively skirmishing between that point and the Rapidan, towards 
v'hich Gen Lee slowly retreated, keeping Averill well in check. Averill had 
ionsuiued so much time in pressing back William H. F. Lee's command, that 
ie "was unable to join the raid, and, from Rapidan, was recalled to the army at 
Sly'B Ford, and, soon thereafter, removed from his command, because of his 
'allure to break up and destroy William H. F. Lee. 


But it was on the 8th. of June, 1863, that a most interesting cavalry dis- 
filay took place near Brandy Station. It was interesting, attractive and bril- 
iant, to be followed, however, on the next day, by one more attractive and 
nspiriag, ana which occupied a much more prominent place in the history of 
the times. We refer to the great cavalry review of the 8th. of June, 1863, when 
Stuart's whole command passed in review before the commanding general, 
Kobert E. Lee. 


The army, at this time, was on the move for Gettysburg. Some portions 
of Longstreet's corps was about Culpeper C. H. Stuart^s cavalry was, at this 
time, perhaps, more efficient in number, drill, discipline, and equipment, than 
at any other period of the war. He had called together his whole command, 
save, perhaps, the brigade of Jenkins, then in the valley of Virginia. The corps 
consisted of Fitz Lee's brigade of five regiments, Hampton's brigade of six 
regiments, William H. F. I^e's brigade of five regiments, William D. Jones' 
brigade of four regiments, and Robertson's brigade of two regiments; twenty- 
two in all, aggregating, perhaps, 8000 men. 

The review took place on what is known as the "Auburn" estate. A fur- 
row was made with a plow, beginning at a point not far from the dividing line 
between the "Auburn" estate and the Hall estate, and about three hundred 
yards west of the railroad, on the land now owned by Mr. Schlosser, and ex- 
tending, in a line i)arallel with the railroad, along by the broadspreading elm 
tree that stood in the flat in roar of the grave yard, on the Ross estate, quit* 
to the run. Along this long straight furrow the twenty two regiments of cav- 
alry were formed in two ranks, facing the railroad, extending nearly or quite its 
whole length. The horse artillery, of four batteries (sixteen guns). Captains 
Breathit, Chew, McGregor and Moorman, the whole commanded by Major 
Beckham, was formed in batteries along the ridge in the rear of, and on the 
west side of the branch. It was a splendid military parade; Stuart's eyes 
gleamed with peculiar brightness as he glanced along this line of cavalry in 
battle array, with men and horses groomed at their best, and the command 
arrayed with military precision, with colors flying, bugles sounding, bands 
playing, and with regimental and brigade officers in proper positions. Gen. 
Lee occupied a little hillock, immediately on the west side of the railroad, 
and some three or four hundred yards north of the station at Inlet. The review 
brought together a large number of citizens, ladies and gentlemen, young and 
old, from Culpeper, and the adjoining counties; many were the sly glances cast 
by the soldier boys at the country lassies, as they passed along their front in 
the columns of review. An engine brought down a train of flat cars from Cul- 
peper, filled with soldiers and civilians, to witness the review. Q-en Lee, with 
his staff, first rode rapidly along the front of the line, around the left flank, 
then along the rear, around the right flank to his position uu the hill in the 
front. At the sound of the bugle, taken up and repeated along the line, the 
corps of horsemen broke by right wheel into columns of squadron, and moving 
south for a short distance, the head of the column was turned to the left, and 
again to the left, moving in this new direction, whence it passed immediately 
in front of the commanding general. It was a splendid military pageant, and 
an inspiring scene, such as this continent never before witnessed, as this lonj? 
line of horsemen, in columns of squadron, with nearly ten thousand sabres 
flashing in the sun light, with«salvo8 of artillery on the hills beyond, passed in 
review before the greatest soldier of modern times Who, that was present, 
will ever forget the swelling of the soul, which he experienced, as he passed 
the position occupied by the reviewing officers, and knew that the eyes of the 
great Robert E. Lee were upon him. The column moved at a walk until it 
came within some fifty or one hundred paces of the position occupied by the 
reviewing general, when squadron by squadron would take up first the trot, 
then the gallop, until they had passed some distance beyond, when again they 
would pull down to the walk. After passing in review, the several brigades 
were brought again to the i)08ition which they occupied in the line, whence 
they were dismissed, one by one, to their respective camps, to be rudely 
awakened early the next morning by the Federal cavalry, who crossed the 
Rappahannock, determined, for the tirst time, to measure swords with the 
Southerners, beyond the i)rotection of their infantry. 


After the great review, Hampton's brigade went into camp on the south 
of Brandy Station, picketing the lower ford of the Rappahannock, Robertson's 
N. C. brigade to the right of the station, Jones' brigade near St. James' 
church, picketing the river from Rappahannock bridge to the confluence of 
the Hazel and 'Rappahannock rivers, while Wm. H. F. Lee's and Fitz Lee's 
brigades were thrown further forward, in the neighborhood of Oak Shade, 
guarding the river to Waterloo, and scouting the country beyond, to protect 
the flank of the Confederate army, en route to Gettysburg, by way of Gourd- 
vine, Gaines X Cross, Winchester, and so on. 

This was, substantially, the position of the Southern cavalry when the 
Federals, under Gen. Pleasanton, crossed the river on the morning of the 9th 
of June, to drive back the Southerners, and ascertain the object and purpose 
of the movement of the army under Lee. The Federal cavalry crossed the 
river in two columns, one at Beverly's Ford, consisting of the 1st division, and 
Merritt's brigade of regular cavalry, and a brigade of infantry under the com- 
mand of Gen. Ames, the whole under the command of Gen. Buford. This 
column numbered 3,918 cavalry, 1,500 infantry and two batteries of U. S. artil- 
lery (eight guns). The other column crossed the river at Kelleyville, and con- 
sisted of the 2nd and 8rd divisions of cavalry (3,973 strong), and 1,500 infantry 
under Gen. Russell, and a battery of six guns, the whole under the command 
of Gen. Gregg. Beverly's Ford was immediately in front of Jones' camp, Co. 
A. (Oapt. Gibson), being the picket guard at that point, and Co. B. (Capt. 
Grimsley), of the 6th Va. cavalry, at the railroad bridge. The Federals charged 
the ford at Beverly's about day-break, driving the picket guard before them, 
and pressed with great vigor their advance along the road towards the church. 
Ho^wever, their progress was resisted with equal pluck, courage, and tenacity, 
by the reserve picket force, and their advance delayed until some portion of 
Jones' command could be gotten in position for battle. When the alarm was 
given of the advance of the Federals, the horses of the cavalry, and of the 
horse artillery, were grazing in the fields near the church, and at' one time 
they were in great danger of being captured. The 6th and 7th regiments were 
the first to secure their horses, and move to the relief of the reserve picket. 
They were hurried forward, the one on the right, and the other on the left of 
the road leading from the church to the river, and along which the Federals 
were advancing, to assist in holding the attacking party's columns in check. 
As these two regiments rushed forward, they met the enemy's columns in the 
woods, beyond the church, and a hand to hand conflict ensued. The advance 
brigade of the Federals, consisting of the 8th N. Y., 8th III., and 3rd Ind. regi- 
ments, were held in check by the charge of the Virginia regiments, and its 
commander, Col. Davis, of the 8th N. Y., killed in an heroic effort to hold his 
command ready to resist the onset of the Confederates. Maj. Beckham, of the 
horse artillery, a Culpeper boy, a gallant soldier and a brilliant officer, had, in 
the mean time, succeeded in having his horses harnessed and hitched, and one 
or more pieces in position on the elevated knoll near the church. But before 
this, while some of his men were securing the horses, the others were serving 
the guns with all the efficacy that an unfavorable position could attain. The 
remaining regiments of Jones' brigade, the 11th and 12th, and also Hampton's 
brigade, were soon mounted, and ready for action, the latter joining on to the 
right of Jones and Wm. H.F. Lee, coming in on their left, near to and in front 
of the Thompson and Dr. Green houses. The Federals put their infantry in 
X>osition, in the woods, on both sides of the road to the river, with 
their cavalry extending to the right and left, opposite the positions occupied 


by Hampton and Lee. The battle was fought here for some hours with great 
fury. The dismounted men on the Confederate side engaging the infantry 
on the Union side, and charge and counter charge was made, time and again, 
along the whole line, with mounted and dismounted men. The line of battle 
swayed back and forth from the woods, in front, towards the church, now 
advancing, now receding. The Federals occupied the large body of woods, 
from which the Confederates were unable to drive them, and from which they 
were unable to advance. In the meantime, the column that had crossed at 
KelJeyville first pressed up in the direction of Brandy by the route leading 
by Elkwood, and Robertson, with his N. C. brigade, was sent down on that 
road to arrest its progress. This body of the Federals engaged Robertson in 
a sharp skirmish for a time, but, so soon as the route to Brandy, by the Thorn 
place, was uncovered, the Federal commander eluded Robertson, and moving 
by his left flank, pressed on rapidly in the direction of Brandy. The second 
division of cavalry was first across the river at Kelleyville, and, so soon as the 
route was opened, pressed on to Stevensburg, via Carrico's mill. A squad- 
ron of this division, which had been hurried forward in the direction of Ste- 
vensburfiT, reached that i)oint in advance of the Confederate troops sent by 
Gren. Stuart. 

Gen. Stuart, having learned early in the morning, through Gen. Robert- 
son, as well as by information given by the captain of the picket guard at 
Rappahannock, that some portion of the forces that had crossed at Kelleyville, 
was moving in the direction of Stevensburg, detached the 3nd S. C. regiment, 
under Col. Butler, to that point, with instructions to picket the roads from 
Brandy to Carrico's mill, and to Stevensburg. Later in the day, he sent the 
4th Va. regiment, under Col. Wickham, to that point to support Col. Butler. 
A section of artillery was also sent with this regiment. The 4th regiment, 
after crossing Mountain Run, moved across the field to the left of the village, 
and joined a portion of the S. C. regiment, under Lt. Col. Hampton, at or near 
the Doggett house, beyond Stevensburg. By the time a line of skirmishers 
deployed, extending round toward the Hansbrough house, the Federals were 
in their front in force, and rapidly hurled the advance regiments (the Ist 
Mass., 1st R. I., and 6th O.) on Butler and Wickham, and drove them back in 
great confusion. The Union cavalry followed up their advantage, charging 
into and beyond the village, to the Barbour house, in pursuit of the fugitives. 
The gallant Col. Hampton, son of Gen. Hampton, was mortally wounded in 
the fights near the village, and quite a number of others wounded or taken 
prisoners. After awhile, Cols. Wickham and Butler succeeded in rallying the 
most of their commands, and reformed on the north side of Mountain Run, on 
the Beckham farm. The section of artillery was put in position, and the 
Federals moved down towards the mill, on both sides of the Brandy road. 
The Federals also put their artillery in position, and a lively artillery duel 
was in progress, when the Federals were ordered to retire from Stevensburg 
by the same route that they advanced by, and join the main body at Brandy. 
Why this was done must ever remain a mystery. Why this column, when 
within three miles of Brandy, and almost immediately in rear of the Confed- 
erate position should have been withdrawn by a route twice as long, consum- 
ing twice the time, must ever remain a riddle in military affairs; but so it was. 
We doubt not but that the life of the Confederacy was greatly prolonged by 
the njistakes of its enemies. Gen. Butler lost his leg in this artillery fight at 
Norman's Mill, and Capt. Farley, of South Carolinia, a volunteer on General 
Stuart's staff, lost his life by the same shell that to6k off Gen. Butler's leg. 
Capt Farley was a noble, gallant, chivalrous man. His body was buried in 

the Citizens' Cemetery at Culpeper, and his relatives and friends, of South 
Carolina, have recently erected a suitabe shaft to mark the spot and commem- 
orate his memory. 

It was now, perhaps, mid-day. The 3rd. division of cavalry had, by this 
:iiiie, driven in the pickets on the Carrico road leading from Brandy, and was 
rapidly approaching the station. Col. Percy Wyndham, a gallant, dashing 
Englishman, who was making war for the love of it, and who, but a little time 
before, had been captured by Ashby's command, and exchanged, was in com- 
[nand of the advance brigade, consisting of the 1st. Maryland, 1st. N. Y., Ist. 
Penn., dashed into the station, and dispersed a small Confederate force that 
ivas found there. He made some captures of w^agons and ambulances, and 
then turned his command towards Fleetwood Heights, which had been Gen. 
Stuart's headquarters; but all his papers, and everything else pertaining to 
lis quarters, had been removed, save a single tent. A piece of artillery was 
stationed there, and some few orderlies, loungers and camp followers were 
ileo lingering about the hill. Gen. Kilpatrick, commanding the second bri- 
gade, consisting of the Harris Light Horse, the 10th. N. Y., and Ist. Maine, 
turned to the right, before reaching the station, and moved diagonally across 
he fields towards Fleetw^ood, to the assistance of Col. Wyndham, who, hav- 
n.^ moved down the road from Brandy, had charged the heights and taken 
hem. Kilpatrick had hurried up his artillery, and put It in position, on the east 
>f tlie railroad, so as to command Fleetwood hill. Col. Wyadhanf s victory was 
hort lived; he had hardly gained posj^ession of the hill, before he was met by 
Hampton, at the head of the Cobbs Legion, 1st. S. C, and 6th Va., which had 
>een hurriedly withdrawn from the field at St. James church, upon the appear- 
ince of the Federals at Brandy. Gen. Stuart also accompanied this column, 
md as it approached Fleetwood, seeing the hill in possession of the enemy, he 
3ut the command at a gallop, and when it was in striking distance, called out, 
in that clear ringing voice that could be heard above the uproar of battle, 
''give them the sabre, boys.*' Then nearly a thousand sabres leaped from 
their scabbards, and with one wild shout, the Confederates rushed in furious 
onset against the Federal cavalry occupying the hill, and hurled it back in 
confusion and disorder. But Kilpatrick came, with his squadrons, to the re- 
lief of Wyndham, and succeeded in regaining a portion of the elevated ground 
on the west of the railroad, but the Jeff Davis Legion and 1st. N. (^. was by 
this time on the ground, and placed on the east of the railroad, while the 
11th. and 12th. Va. regiments, and White's battery, a^so withdrawn from St. 
James, in a gallant charge across the hill, drove back the Federals, who were 
struggling to regain it after their first reverse. The numbers at this point, 
were now about the same, some six or seven regiments on either side, but we 
presume the Federal regiments were numerically stronger than the Confed- 
erates; and then, for an hour or more, there was a fierce struggle for the hill, 
which seemed to have been regarded as the key to the situation. This point 
was taken, and retaken once, and perhaps several times; each side would be in 
possession for a time, and plant its batteries there, when by a successful charge 
it would pass into the possession of the other side, and so it continued until 
victory finally dwelt with the Confederates, and the Federals seem to realize 
their inability to hold it. They slowly and sullenly retired, leaving stiveral 
guns in the possession of the Confederates, with a number of prisoners, and 
their dead and wounded in the hands of their enemy. 

The second and third divisions of Union cavalry that were in front of 
Brandy, after their defeat on Fleetwood hill, swung round to their right, and 
moving just in front of the Stringfellow house, joined on to Buford, who as 
soon as the pressure from his front was relieved, advanced cautiously in the 


direction of Brandy Station. The Confederates re-arranged«their line of battle, 
after getting rid of Gregg at Fleetwood. It will be remembered, in that 
struggle, the Confederates were facing south and the Federals north. As 
Gregg swung around to Buf ord, the direction of hi* line was changed, facing 
south, and the Confederates luade the corresponding change. Hampton's bri- 
gade was placed on the right of the railroad, looking north, supported by 
Robertson's brigade. The greater portion of the Confederate artillery was 
placed on Fleetwood Heights, supported by Jones' brigade, whilst a strong 
line of dismounted men and infantry skirmishers from the 18th. Va. regiment^ 
were thrown forward a little in advance of the crown of the hill, extending 
westward nearly to the road leading to Dr. Welford's. The fighting in the 
evening was principally between the artillery and dismounted men and infan- 
try in the woods, which, according to our recollection, at that time extended 
from the Brandy road nearly to the summit of the ridge. Late in the even- 
ing the Federal cavalry made a last effort to break and force back the Con- 
federate lines. This occurred on the extreme left of the Confederate line, on the 
summit of the hill near the road to Dr. Welford's. A column of cavalry pressed 
on up the road referred to and at this point made a gallant and dashing charge 
on the 9th. and 10th. Va. regiments of Wm. H. F. Lee's brigade, supported 
by one of Jones' regiments. This charge was met with great spirit and cour- 
age, and the result wavered long in the balance. Gen. R. E. Lee looked on 
this struggle f ron the cupalo of the Barbour house, and is said 1o have ex- 
pressed great admiration of the grit and courage manifested by the soldiers on 
both sides. Finally, the Federals gave away, and victory once more favored 
the Confederates. In this charge, apparently by consent, both sides used the 
pistol and the lines approached within a few feet, and the men emptied their 
l^istols in each others' faces. To those of us who were not actually engaged, 
but who witnessed the combat at a distance, and heard the f usilade of pistols, 
it seemed impossibe almost, that any should have escaped injury, and that 
the loss of life could be so small, but after it was all over, and results inquired 
into, and the dead and wounded looked after, it was found that little damage 
had been done. Never after this, if it could be avoided, did the Confederate 
oiBcers allow a charge to be made or resisted with the pistol, but always order- 
ed the sabre to be used as much more effective. After this attack on the left, 
the Federals slowly retreated and and recrossed the river that evening at 
Beverley's, and at the railroad bridge. 

Gen. Wm. H. F. Lee was seriously wounded early in the action, and the 
command of his brigade devolved on Col. Davis, of the 10th regiment. Neith- 
er Fitz Lee's or Robertson's brigades participated very actively in the fight. 
The former was withdrawn from the Little Fork section, and the 3nd. regi- 
ment was slightly engaged on the left, while the 4th. had been detached and 
sent to Stevensburg. The loss of the Federal sicie was over 900 killed, wound- 
ed and missing; on the Confederate side 485. The Confederates captured three 
pieces of artillery, more than a hundred horses, and quite a large number of 
small arms, such as pistols and carbines etc. And thus ended the first great 
cavalry battle of the war. The Confederates pushed on into Fauquier, ou 
the right flank of our advancing army, with full confidence in their ability to 
meet and vanquish their enemy on anything like equal terms. Upon the 
whole, the battle at Brandy Station was a great victory for the Confederates. 
It ought to have been won by the Federals. They were greatly superior in 
numbers in their cavalry force, besides being strongly supported by infantry. 
There was no fault in the plan of battle, as conceived by the Federal com- 
mander, and if it had been strictly pursued, it would have resulted in a great 

victory for him, but there seemed to be a want of promptness, enterprise and 
spirit in the movement of the two columns. Buford's force, at St. James' 
church, was greatly superior in numbers to the Confederates who opposed 
him, and yet he made but little headway against them, consisting of parts of 
three brigades. Gregg had outgeneraled Robertson on the Kelley ville road, 
eluding him and reaching Brandy in his rear. Stuart played the same trick 
on Buford at St. James. For when Gregg appeared at Brandy, Stuart with- 
drew the greater part of his force in front of Buford, and hurled it upon Gregg, 
and drove him from Fleetwood. If, when Stuart withdrew from Buford's front 
at St- James, Buford had pressed immediately on his heels, he would have 
caught Stuart at Fleetwood, between him and Gregg, and he, Stuart, would 
have been roughly handled. As it was,Buford moved slowly,and allowed Gregg 
to be defeated by the same troops that had been holding him at bay. We 
presume that Buford found his infantry both a help and a drawback. A help 
in enabling him to hold his position in front of St. James, for without it, he 
would have been driven back across the the river before &Tegg reached Bran- 
dy ; but a drawback to him when he should have followed Hampton rapidly, 
as he was unwilling to leave it in his rear unprotected. He moved towards 
brandy at the same time his infantry moved, and allowed Gregg to be beaten 
before he got there, and Robertson, with his North Carolina troops, who had 
been cut oflf on the Kelleyville road, to return by Elkwood, between the con- 
verging columns of Buford and Gregg, almost within a stone's throw of each 
other. But while the victory was with the Confederates, the moral effect of the 
battle was of great value to the Federal cavalry. Up to that point of the war 
the Union cavalry had been of but little service. The Federal generals did 
not begin to know how to organize or use their cavalry, or to appreciate its 
value. The Confederates, on the other hand, had from the very .beginning of 
the war, used their cavalry to the greatest advantage. This branch of the 
service seemed to suit the genius and spirit of our people, and it was brought 
to a state of efficiency with wonderful rapidity. The victories which crowned 
the Confederate arms for the first years of the war, were due, in a great meas- 
ure, to the skillful manner in which the Confederate generals, Stuart and 
Ashby, maneuvered their cavalry, and concealed the movements of the Con- 
federate army, thus bringing about a condition which made those great victo- 
ries possible. 

The Federals had been for some time organizing a select body of men for 
cavalry service. By promotion from the infantry, for special merit and other- 
wise, and by organization, drill, and discipline, they were bringing that body 
up to a high state of efficiency. The Confederates had always held them- 
selves as greatly superior to the Federals in this branch of the service, and 
this seemed to have been conceded by them. At Brandy, for the first time, 
in an open field, with fair fight, with anything like equality of numbers, had 
they been able to maintain themselves against the superior dash and horee- 
manship of the Southrons. But, when a few days thereafter, they met 
again at Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville, it was apparent to the Confeder- 
ates that the Federals had gained in moral, as well as in numbers and disci- 

CULPEPER, FROM AUG. 1st. TO OCT. 1st. 1863. 

The Confederate army returned sullenly and slowly from the disastrous 
campaign of Gettysburg to its old encampments in Culpeper; beaten and 
bleeding at every pore, but not dispirited, and with its confidence in its im- 
mortal leader still unshaken. Now and then, in its slow retreat, it would turn 


on its antagonist, like an animaJ driven to bay, and exhibit a spirit and wil- 
lingness to suffer annihilation, rather than acknowledge defeat. 

About the last of July, 1863, Longstreet^s corps was encamped in the rear 
ot Mt. Pony hills, about the village of Culpeper. Ewell, who had made a 
detour further south in his retreat from the valley, crossing the mountains at 
Milan^s Gap, was encamped in Madison and Orange counties. Jones^ brigade 
of cavalry was in the neighborhood of Rixeyville, Hampton^s about Brandy 
Station, Wm. H. P. Lee^s toward Rappahannock, while Fitz Lee's was on the 
right, in the vicinity of Fredericksburg. On the second of August the Federal 
commander. General Meade, then occupying the north bank of the Rappa- 
hannock river, directed General Buford, commanding the 1st. division of cav- 
alry, to make a reconnoissance to the town of Culpeper, and ascertain, if possi- 
ble, the location of the Confederate army. He accordingly crossed the river at 
Beverly's Ford, and at the railroad bridge encountered Hampton's brigade, re- 
inforced in a short time by a portion of Jones', and they joined battle on the 
same ground over which they had fought on the ninth of June. The Federals 
were greatly superior in numbers to Hampton, haying a division to a brigade, 
and gradually pressed him back to about where Inlet Station now is. The 
greater portion of Jones' brigade was on the Rixeyville road and had not, to 
this time, been much engaged; but leaving this road at Chestnut Fork, it 
moved across the Rixey and the Bradford farms, and was joined on to 
Hampton's left in this position, just in advance of the Bell farm. At this 
point, a division of infantry from Hill's corps also came on the field and the 
Federals begun to retire. General Stuart was present, and personally 
conducted the movements of his troops, and when he saw the enemy was 
in retreat, he pressed him with great vigor, and sought to convert his retreat 
into a route by hurling his squadrons, with great force and impetuosity, 
upon his rear, but, however, with no very great success. The Federal general 
conducted his retreat with great skill, protecting his rear with a strong line of 
mounted skirmishers, which effectually warded off the blows aimed at. his 
main column. The area between the Auburn house and the railroad was one 
vast corn field, in which the corn was then fully groiyn. This was filled with 
the dismounted men of the Federals and held by them with great tenacity, 
notwithstanding it was swept by the Confederate artillery, and penetrated by 
a strong line of dismounted men. In piassing through this field afterwards, it 
did not appear that a single stalk of corn had escaped the destructive missiles. 
The Federals had rebuilt the railroad bridge at Rappahannock, where Buford 
halted on the south bank, and held a tete de pont on the south side, extending 
his right fiank to Welford's Ford on the west, and his left to Kelley ville on 
the east, protected bv a line of videttes extending around in this semi-circle 
and located about a hundred yards apart. Immediately in front of Fleetwood, 
this line of videttes extended across the country from about the Sfcringfellow 
house to St. James church. 

On the evening of the fourth of August, General Stuart, anxious to ascer 
tain what the Federals were doing at Rappahannock, and why it was that 
they seemed anxious to hold this small area on the south of the riyer, with 
Hampton's brigade, and a portion of some other commands, attacked the 
Federals near what is now the station of Elkwood, and drove theu^ back some 
distance towards the river so as to uncover the forces on the south side, and 
develop the objects of the Federal commander. It was a very sharp hand 
to hand fight for a time between Buford and Hampton, and was conducted 
with a rush on the part of the Confederates. On the day following (the 5th of 
August), a reconnoissance was sent out by General Gregg, commanding the 


flecoud cavalry division, encamped at Waterloo, towards Rixeyville, which 
resulted in a sharp skirmish between the 11th Va. regriment, Jones^ command, 
and this scouting party, in the vicinity of Rixeyville and Muddy Run. The 
Federal column crossed the river at HilFs mill, and then turned to Rixeyville, 
and from thence moved towards Muddy Run, sending out scout- 
ing parties towards Alum Spring church. Colonel Taylor, of the first 
Pennsylvania cavalry, was in command of the scouts, and says in his report, 
that finding himself being flanked at the run by the skirmishers of the 11th 
Va. cavalry, concluded it was prudent to retire. Again, on the 8th and 9th 
of August, the Federals advanced and drove back the Confederate pickets in 
front of Brandy, and there was a right smart; skirmish for an hour or two. 
The writer recalls an incident, illustrative of the accurate information which 
the Confederates had of the Federal movements and he supposes the Federals 
had information equally as accurate. The reserve picket force of the Confed- 
erates was held at a spring at the foot of Fleetwood hill, 
on the road to Elkwood, and the lines of pickets stretch- 
ed across the country a short distance in front. Gen. Stuart rode down 
to the picket reserves one evening, and addressing the captain of the guard, 
said: **Captain, what is going on with those folks over there," pointing to the 
Yankee picket line. **Nothing;" replied the captain. "Well," said he, '*look 
out, they will be on you in the morning about daylight." True enough, next 
morning as the first grey streaks of dawn began to light up the horizon, we 
could see a commotion among them and they called out: "Look out Johnnies, 
we are coming," and begun to fire and advance. 

Scouting parties from the cavalry constantly harassed the right flank of 
the Federals, resting in the Little Fork, with their picket line extending from 
Eliirs mill back towards Amissville. Captain McDonald, of the 11th cavalry, 
crossed the river at Rixey's Ford on the night of the 2nd of September, and 
saptured the picket force at Waterford, consisting of an oflBcer and fifteen 
men. After the first of September the Federal army remained comparatively 
quiet, resting till the 13th of the month, when their whole army moved south 
of the Rappahannock and occupied Culpeper. The Federals advanced in 
three columns. Buford, with his 1st division, directly towards Brandy; Kil- 
patrick, with the third division, crossed at Kelleyville, while Gregg crossed the 
Hazel river at Stark's Ford. Buford, who was immediately in front of 
Brandy, made a demonstration early in the mornln -?, and then seemed to 
turn his columns to the right, as though he ware going on the Rixeyville 
road, along which the principal advance would be made. We presume 
now it was but to protect Gregg in crossing the fords of the Hazel. At 
any rate, it caused the withdrawal of all the Confederate cavalry from 
Brandy to the Rixeyville road, excepting two regiments, the 5th and 6th Va. 
Two or three hours were consumed in maneuvering, and about 10.30 a. m., Bu- 
ford, with the whole of his and Kilpatrick's divisions, appeared on the plains 
of Brandy in front of these two regiments, supported by a section of artillery. 
In a contest so unequal, there was nothing to do but retreat, and while it was 
a rapid one, it was not disorderly. The retreating Confederates kept a strong 
line of mounted skirmishers in their rear, and withdrew by regiments, always 
keeping one regiment and one gun facing their adversaries. An amusing inci- 
dent occurred at Jonas's run, near the railroad crossing. In attempting to get 
the guns across at that point, one of them got stuck in the soft muddy banks. 
Soldiers were dismounted and required to take hold to extricate the piece ; 
among them, was a man by the name of Roe, of the 5th cavalry, a man who 
stammered very badly. And as these soldiers were laboring and tugging at 

112 ^ 

the wheels, the^enemy^ pressing on in the rear,- took- in the sitaatidn, and )Don^ 
centrated their fire upon the poor fellows* at this work, and made it very hot 
for them. The bullets were striking all around : zip— zip. Roe stood it for 
awhile, but, after a time^ it 'got too hot for him, .and he raised up from his 
work, and addressing his eaptain in an earnest pathetic manner said: ^' C-p-p, 

Cap, Captain, le-le-let's throw in, and pay for the d d thing, and leave it 

here." One more tug at the; wheel brought it safely out to be lost at Culpeper. 
The Confederates had considerable commissary and ordnance supplies at the 
depot in Culpeper, and a freight train had been sent down from Orange to 
remove them, and they were being hurriedly loaded on when the Federals ap- 
peared in sight of the village. The presence of the* train, seemed to impress 
them with the idea that supports had been sent down from Orange, and they 
were slow and cautious, ia entering the village. The Confederates had bat 
parts of two regiments,, with two pieces of artillery, while the Federals 
had the whole of Buford's division, with a part of • Kilpatrick'a and Warren's 
corps of infantry, but a short distance in the rear. Thte Confederates 
posted their guns on the hill, bet ween Capt VinaPs and Mr. Chelf's, supported 
by two squadrons of mounted men, while the fifth cavalry were dismounted 
at Bell's Ford in order to hold that position, and a portion of the «th i 
dismounted at the railroad ford. The Federal force moved for- 
ward very cautiously, forming their line of battle on-the hill about the George 
house, extending round to the. left, in front x)f the Wallaeh house, with twaor 
three batteries stationed at intervals along this line. Their batteries were 
turned principally upon the town and the train, loading at the depot, with an . 
occasional shot at the guns on the hill. At jqo time (during the war, were the 
citizens of the village exposed to such an ordeal as they were that Sunday 
morning, the 13th of September. The i day had begun calm and tranquil; 
early in the morning a single gun was heard in the neighborhood of Brandy, 
but as that was not followed up by others, the alarm occasioned by it soon 
subsided, and the people had assembled for worship in the Baptist church, 
where the Rev. Barnett Grimsley, of Rappahannock, was to preach. The 8e^ 
vices were begun, but before they were concluded the Federals were in front 
of the village, and were sending shells screaming through the town. The con- 
gregation was hurriedly dismissed, the minister mountinsr his horse, and tak- 
ing his departure. There was considerable damage done to the property and 
some casualties among the citizens. Mrs. Stone, the wife of the Rev. Richard 
Stone, who had recently returned from Africa, was seriously wounded, and . 
perhaps others. After the departure of the train, which escaped without linr 
jury, taking off all the stores, the Federals showed a purpose to force an en-> 
trance into the village, and for this purpose, sent forward a brigade from the • 
centre of their lines to charge BelPs Ford and get possession of the crossing. 
They came down the road, in columns of fours, in beautiful order, and looked 
as though they would sweep every thing before them, but they met at the 
ford a fire from our dismounted men, protected by the large trees, that at that 
time were about that point, which emptied many a saddle, broke up their or- 
ganization, and drove them back in disorder. They, however, rallied, and 
crossing the fields to the east side of the railroad, the embankment of which ■• 
protected them from the fire of the guns on the hill, dismounted some of their 
men, who engaged the dismounted Confederates at the bridge, drove them 
back and opened the way for their mounted men. They charged up the hill 
and made for the guns. They were here met by the mounted squadrons, sup- 
porting the guns, and driven back under the hill. The guns limbered up to • 
retire, one coming back directly towards the depot, the other going down to • 


the road in front of Mr. Lathams\ The 5th regiment had in the meantime, 
retired from Bell's Ford, and the gun came in on the road in the rear of this 
regiment, the Federal cavalry overtaking it at that point and making a cap- 
ture of it. The Federals pressed the retreating Confederates vigorously 
through the town. On the hill, about where now stands the house of Walter 
West, and again on the slope of the hill towards Greenwood, a hand to hand 
conflict took place in which the saber was for the most part exclusively used. 
These two regiments, the 5th and 6th, lost a number of men at these places, 
who were never afterwards heard of; their bodies were left on the field, and 
we presume they are among the unknown dead of our cemetery. 

Before reaching Culpeper, the 3rd division, under Kilpatrick, had turned 
across the country from Brandy to the Steveusburg road, and was having a 
close fight with Hampton's brigade in the valley, at the foot of Mt. Pony, 
while Jones was tussling with Gregg on the Rixeyville road with the advan- 
tages on his side. Hampton had not. been so fortunate in his unequal con- 
test with Kilpatrick, who was reinforced by some portion of Buford's com- 
mand, sent across Mountain Run, by way of the Hudson farm. Hampton lost 
two guns, and suffered severely in men and horses, inflicting, however severe 
punishment on his adversary. From the Greenwood hill, the tussle between 
Hampton and Kilpatrick was plainly visible. The entire force on either side 
was in full view. The lines of battle, the advancing squadrons, the charging 
columns, the blazing batteries, the close grip of the skirmishers, made the 
scene, notwithstanding our own close quarters, as inspiring as any that we 
ever witnessed. This will be remembered as the occasion on which Mr. Cur- 
tis, living near Georgetown, sou<?ht safety from the shells of the Federal guns, 
by taking refuge in the basement of Mr. Jas. Inskeep's house. He had scarce- 
ly reached his supposed place of safety before a shell entered the house, pene- 
trated the basement, explode4 and killed him. An illustration of the sol- 
dier's maxim '*that one place was as safe as another in battle." Jones, retir- 
ing by the Rixeyville road, and finding the town occupied by Buford's troops, 
made a detour by way of Catalpa and Thos. Rixey's, and joined 
the forces that had passed through the village on the hill south 
of Greenwood at the intersection of the Oranj^e and Stevensburg 
roads. Just before Jones came up, the Federal cavalry, then occupying 
the Greenwood hill, made an effort to capture the remaining gun left with 
the Confederates at this point. It was posted in the road, just in advance of 
the intersection of the roads above referred to, supported by a squadron of 
cavalry. The Confederates had dismounted the most of their forces here, and 
concealed them in the pines that grew on the west side of the road, in advance 
of the gun. From their position near the Greenwood house, the Federals 
started a coluuin to charge and capture the gun. They came down the road 
and were soon protected by the descent, from the fire of the gun on the hill. 

They ascendt^d the hill, n^ar the gun, in tine style, and dashed for it with 
the confidence of ceHain capture, but as they passed these i^ines and exposed 
the flank of column, they received a deadly fire at short range from the dis- 
mounted men, which emptied many saddles and scattered the remainder in 
confusion over the fields. All the Confederate forces had now gotten togeth- 
er,and occupied a line from the Ward or Thompson hill to the foot of Mt. 
Pony till about night, the Federals drawing off and the fight ceasing. About 
dark the Confederates begun to retreat, and fell back that night to the Rapi- 
dan at Raccoon Ford, and Rapidan Station, Hampton taking position at the 
former, and Jones at the latter place. The 0)nfederates occupied the hills 
about the Taliaferro and Nalle houses on the north side of the river, and also 


souie i)oints lower down the river about the Robertson house, and perhaps 
other places. 

The next day, Sei)t. 14th, the Federal cavalry appeared in front of the 
station, and an artillery duel took place between the batteries of the Confed- 
erates on the Nalle hill and the Federal guns posted just in advance of the 
woods, on the road to Culpeper, which continued nearly all day. Towards 
evening, the Federals advanced their cavalry with a strong skirmish line in 
front, which movement was met by a corresponding action on the part of the 
Confederates, and a very pretty little fight was on; first with the skirmishers, 
afterwards with the mounted men, in which sabers and pistols were freely 
used, and a number on both sides came out of the fight with sore beads aud 
punched backs. Lower down the river, about the Robertson house, the Con- 
federates held the north side of the river till the 19th, at which time the Fed- 
erals, by a strong advance of the infantry and artillery, compelled the Con- 
federates to retire to the south side of the river. The Rapidan then became 
the line between the contending armies, and for nearly a month the sharp 
crack of the rifle of the picket, along the banks of the stream, was heard from 
morning till night, and it never died away till the armies Were on the move 


On the 9th of October 1803, Gen. Lee, with a view of bringing Gen. Meade, 
then encamped in Culpeper, to an engagement, or forcing him back towards 
Washington, broke up his camp in Orange, and moved towards the right flank 
of the Federal army, by way of Madison, C. H., and along the south bank of 
the Hazel river. This movement was i>receded by Hampton's division of caval- 
ry, while two brigades of infantry, one at Rapidan Station, and the other near 
Raccoon Ford, with Fitz Lee's division of cavalry, were left on the Rapidan to 
guard the right and rear of Lee's advancing army. 

About the middle of September the cavalry corps was re-organized. The 
number of regiments to a brigade were reduced to four, thus creating two new 
brigades, of which Lomax and Rosser were given command, and Butler and 
Gordon made brigadiers, to take the place of Robertson and Jones, sent to 
other localities. The cavalry corps was made up of two divisions, of three 
brigades each, of which Hampton, being made a major general, was given 
command of one, and Fitz Lee, also promoted, of the other. Hampton was 
still absent on account of wounds received at Gettysburg, and Stuart moved 
with his division and directed its movement. On the lOth of October he en- 
countered the Federal pickets at Russell's Ford on the Robertson river, and 
drove them back rapidly till he reached James City, where he found Kilpat- 
rick, with the third division of cavalry and a division of infantry under 

Gen. . A severe engagement took place between these forces, in which 

the artillery and dismounted men were principally engaged. The Federals 
made their stand at James City, but were driven back across Crooked Run, 
and took position on the hills of the Culpeper side. The Confederate artillery 
was posted at or near the village, and the property of the citizens of the little 
hamlet, being directly in the line of Are from the Federal guns, suffered severe- 
ly therefrom. After having fallen back to the Culpeper side of the stream, 
the Federals crossed over amounted column and attempted to capture a bat- 
tery of Confederate guns, placed in front of the village. The guns were han- 
dled with such skill, and the charging Federals received with such a destruc- 
tive Are from the Confederate carbiners, posted behind fences,that they precipi- 
tately retreated with great loss. Without attempting to dislodge them from 

the poBition last taken, Gen. Stuart, leaving one brigade in their front, push- 
ed on towards the turn-pike with the residue of the division, and late in the 
evening eame into that road at or near Grifflnsburg, where he encamped for 
the night. The next morning, Oct. 11th, he moved down the turn-pike in the 
direction of Culpeper, and finding that he had passed on his right, in the 
neighborhood of Stone House Mountain, a Federal regiment of infantry that 
had been left on picket, as Meade^s army retired, sent Capt. Baylor, a pliant 
officer of the 13th Va. cavalry, to the right of the turn-pike to capture this 
command. He soon came in contact with it, and at once charged into their 
midst; ^after making a short but firm resistance, they laid down their arms. 
Gen. Staart,in his report, speaks of this as the second occasion, in the last two 
preceding days, in which he had hurled his mounted squadrons on infantry 
columns with entire success. Stuart pressed on down the turn-pike towards 
Culpeper, driving the enemy^s rear guard before him, till he reached the hills 
on the west, overlooking the town. Kilpatrick had, in the meantime, fallen 
back from Brown^s Store and had massed his cavalry and artillery on the hills 
about the George house, holding the town and the crossings at Mountain 
Run with his dismounted men. Stuart posted his artillery on the hill east of 
the Citizen^s Cemetery, and opened a rapid fire on the Federal position, which 
Was responded to with equal vigor, and for an hour or more the screaming 
shells passed each other in the heavens in rapid succession over the valley of 
Mountain Run, exploding in the ranks of their adversaries, tearing to 
pieces men, horses, gun carriages, and all the implements of warfare. Col. 
Perebee, of the 4th N. C. cavalry, with the 5th as his support, was sent for- 
ward to drive the Federals from the crossings of Mountain Run, and to gain 
possession of the town; after a most stubborn fight in the streets of Culpeper, 
and. along the ^anks of the stream, he succeeded in getting possession of the 
to-wn, and driving the Federals from the crossings. In this little fight, in the 
town of Culpeper, the North Carolinians sulTered severely. Col. Ferebee him- 
self, together with Lieut. Moorehead, Lieut. Barbour, Lieut. Porter, and many 
>thers were wounded. Gen. Stuart, after keeping up the demonstration at 
:his point for some time, withdrew the greater portion of his forces, aad mov- 
Iniir ^y tb^ lo^t fiank, took the route by way of Chestnut Fork, with the view 
df getting possession of the high ground about the Barbour house, near 
Brandy, in the rear of Kilpatrick. 

On the morning of the 10th, Gen. Meade, having ascertained that the Con- 
federate army was in motion towards his right fiank, directed Gen. Buford to 
Dross the Rapidan river at Germanna Ford with his division of cavalry, move 
up the south bank of the river, and uncover the fords at Morton's and the one 
known as Raccoon, at which point he would be met by the first corps of infan- 
try under Gen. Newton, and thus ascertain the extent and purpose of the 
movement of the Confederate army. Buford elTected a crossing on the morn- 
infiT of the 10th at Germanna, and succeeded in capturing the pickets at that 
point, and at the other fords up the river towards Morton's, but before reach- 
ing the latter point he encountered the the 5th Va., cavalry, under Col. Pate, 
and his movements were retarded by the presence of this force in his front. 
He succeeded, however, in reaching the vicinity of Morton's Ford that night, 
and gaining possession of some of the little earth works that had previously 
"been thrown up in that locality. The first corps, however, did not reach that 
point as was anticipated, but had been ordered to retire towards the Rappa- 
hannock. Early on the morning of the 11th Buford was attacked at Mor- 
ton's Ford by the brigades of Lomax and Wm. H. F. Lee, fighting dismounted, 
and by them he was driven from the earth works which he occupied at that. 


point. At the same time, Wickham's brigade of Fitz Lee's division and John- 
son's brigade of infantry crossed the Rapidan river at Raccoon Ford to the 
Culpeper side, and moved down to assail Buford in his flank and rear. Chap- 
man's brigade, of Buford's division was the first to cross the river at Morton's 
Ford, and it was sent to meet Wickham, who was bearing down on the rear. 
Between these two forces, about equally matched in numbers, occurred one o( 
the hardest fought battles of the war. The Federals were in line of battle 
near the Stringfellow (now Spindle house), with one battery in action. The Con- 
federates determined to capture these guns if possible, and for this porpoee 
the Ist. and 3rd. Virginia regiments were ordered forward to the charge; this 
column, the second and fourth were placed in line as their support. Capt. 
Breathit, of the horse artillery, as was his wont, when a cavalry charge was to 
be made, rushed his battery up at a gallop with the charging column till he 
reached close quarters, and then, double shotted with grape and cannister, 
let drive with all his might. Before the charge was completed it was ascer- 
tained that the Federal position was protected by a ditch, impassible for 
mounted troops, and the order to charge, after the movement was well under 
way, was countermanded. In changing front in an endeaver to withdraw, 
some confusion arose in these commands. Finding that the Federals could 
not be reached by a mounted charge, the men were at once dismounted for 
this purpose, but before they were gotten well in line, the Federal dismounted 
men advanced at a charge. The 4th. regiment, dismounted, already in line, 
was ordered forward to resist this charge, and did so with such courage, gal- 
lantry and success, as to win the admiration of its comrades,and the encomium 
of the commanding oflBcers; but the regiment suffered severely. Ainoner 
those who fell were Capts. Newton and Williams, two of the most intelligent, 
gallant and useful officers of the cavalry corps. The Federals, having by this 
time withdrawn their whole force to the north side of the Rdipidan, began to 
retreat rapidly towards Stevensburg, pressed at every point by the pursuing 
Confederates. The dismounted men moved in line of battle at a double quick 
from Raccoon Ford to Stevensburg, wliere Buford made a short stand, to pro- 
tect some some of his moving trains. 

May we be pardoned for making here a digression from the general pur- 
pose of this writing, and call attention to a fact, illustrative of the great sacri- 
fice made by the Southern people for the cause which they believed to be just 
and righteous. In the little cemetery at Louisa C H., there is a monuueot 
which marks three graves. On one side of the base 13 the following inscrip- 
tion: '' To the memory of Robt. C. Towles, Co. '- A," 4th Va. Cavalry, bom 
Sept. C, 1843, killed in battle June 16, 1864." On another side is this : ** To the 
memory of J. Vivian Towles, private Company ** A," 4th Va. Cavalry, boni 
Feb. 11th, 1839, killed at Raccoon Ford October 11th, 1863;" On 
another side is this inscription : '• To the memory of Jas. H. Towles, private 
Co. " A," 4th Va. Cavalry, killed at Spottsylvania C. H., May 9th, 1864, born 
Oct. 19th, 1845;" and on the remaining side is the following: *' The only sons 
of the Rev. John Towles." As the writer a few years ago was wandering 
through this country cemetery, he came across these graves, and reading the 
inscriptions on the shaft, there came into and over his soul a swelling tide of 
emotions, which it is vain for him to attempt to describe. 

After a spirited fight at Stevensburg, in which the 2nd, 8rd and 4th regi- 
ments were hurled in successive chp,rges upon the position held by the Fed- 
erals, their lines were broken, beaten back, and they retreated rapidly to- 
wards Brandy Station, baiting for a time at Norman's Mill, from which posi- 
tion they were driven by a rapid fire, and taking position on Fleetwood 

Heights, with th^ir artillery ad mirably posted, so as to command all the coun- 
try in their front. The dismounted men of Lomax^s brigade, principally the 
Ist Maryland regiment and the 4th regiment of Markham^s brigade occupied 
the woods at that time extending up to Brandy Station, facing towards Fleet- 
wood, whilst the 9th and 10th regiments of William H. F. Lee's brigade, thrown 
forward across the railroad, charged and dispersed a body of Federal cavalry 
occupying a position a little wesf of the station. But just as the battle was be- 
ing well joined between Buford and Fitz Lee at the station, Kilpatrick, antici- 
pating Stuart^s purpose in leaving his front at Culpeper, retreated from that 
point, came rushing down towards Brandy, and planting his battery on both 
sides of the railroad between the Kennedy and the Wise houses, opened a rak- 
ing fire on the flank of Fitz Lee's division eagiorlnqr Baford. Bat Kilpatrick 
had scarcely gotten into this position and ready for elTective work, before 
Stuart, coming down by the Botts house with two brigades of Hampton's di- 
visfon, appeared on Kil Patrick's left flank, and forced him to change front to 
meet his new adversary. Wickham's brigade, except the 4th regiment of Fitz 
Lee^s division, was also sent forward from the station to resist Kilpatrick, who 
at once withdrew all his force to the west side of the railroad to meet this new 
danger. Stuart hurled his regiments, one after another, in rapid succession, 
upon the flanks of Kilpatrick's columns, breaking up in confusion some por- 
tions of his line, and in turn being broken by counter charges. Buford, see- 
ing the straight to which Kilpatrick was put, pressed forward to his support 
and between him and the Confederate brigades at the station there was a fear- 
ful clash of arms. There was charge and counter charge, some regiments 
charging four or flve times, and sometimes the whole brigade at a time, now 
giving away, now rallying and rushing again to the combat. At one time the 
Confederate dismounted men were surrounded by the Federal cavalry, but 
undismayed, they continued to fight till their charging comrades brought 
them relief. Brandy Station certainly never before, or since, that time, had 
such a wild waking up. There were charging squadrons in every direction. 
The booming of the cannon from every little hillock; the clear ringing o f steel, 
the sharp crack of the carbine; bat above all, and over all, was heard the wild 
shout of battle from the lips of those gallant horseman as they rushed to the 
confiict. The Federals finally succeeded in getting all their forces together,and 
rapidly retreated to and across the Rappahannock that evening. The Con- 
federates encamped that night along the south bank about Beverly's and Mil- 
ford^s fords. The losses in this day's fight were serious on both sides, bat es- 
pecially so to Confederates in officers. Among others that might be mention- 
ed, we recall Col. Julian Harrison, of the 6th, Mij. Gillette, of the 13th Va,, 
Waller of the 9th., as seriously woanded. The cavalry corps, in the Bristoe 
Station campaign, lost in killed, wounded and missing 1330, the greater por-' 
tion of which was in this day's fighting. The Federal losses during the same 
time were 1251. 

The Confederate hospitals were established at the house of Mrs. Wise— 
Belle 'Pre. The mansion was soon filled, and when there was no longe r 
. room therein, comfortable places in outhouses, and in the yard, were found 
for suffering humanity, and all night long did this good woman and her 
daughters, like angels of mercy, minister to the sulTerings of the wounded 
that were brought there, many of them to die before the morning sun arose. 
Providence has dealt kindly with this good woman, and led her gently along 
the pathway of life, even down to old age, perhaps in answer to the prayers of 
those who survived their sulTerings and have ever held her and hers in grateful 
remembrance, and invoked the kindliest benediction of heaven upon them. 


Oh I that the present generation could only appreciate and realize all that 
th eir mothers suffered, endured and. sacrificed for the cause of the South. I 
would that their heroic patriotism might be written in letters of light that 
would glow forever, and burn into the very souls of their daughters and those 
who succeed them, for all time to come. 

Gregg's division of cavalry was not engaged on the 11th. He had retreat- 
ed on the Rixeyville road, having passed beyond Chestnut Fork before 
Sfcuarfc rexched that point. He encamped at the Fauquier Sulphur Springs 
for the night, leaving a strong picket force at Jeffersonton, guarding the 
Hazel river as far up as the Monumental mills. 

Col. Funsten, commanding Rosser's brigade, was sent from Brandy to Rix- 
eyville to move in front of EwelPs corps, advancing by that road. Col. Ball, 
commanding the 11th Va. regiment, was sent forward to drive in the enemy's 
pickets which he found at Rixey's ford, and to follow them rapidly on their 
retreat. When he reached Jeffersonton, he found the 13th Pa. cavalry, pos^ 
ed near the church, to dispute his progress. The dismounted men of the Fed- 
erals were placed about the Baptist church, behind the stone walls and fences 
w hich centered to that point, while the mounted men were kept as a support 
a short distance in the rear. Col. Bjili dismounted his command and attacked 
the Federals in their position, but after considerable loss, was compelled to re- 
tire. The Federals were re-enforced by the 4th Pa., and the Confederates hy 
the 7th and 12th Va. regiments. Col. Funsten sent the 12th regiment by a 
circuitous route to the right of the village, and reached the Springs road 
about a mile south of the river. The 7th regiment was sent to the left of the 
village, with instructions to mov e around in rear of the academy buildiDg,aDd 
attack the force at the church on its right and rear, while a portion of the 
11th was mounted and passed around to the right of the church to at- 
tack them on their left, and at ' the sama time the dismounted 
mfen were again advanced in the front. This movement on the 
part of the Southerners was eminently successful, and they caught the Feder- 
als on the slope of the hill, in rear of the church, between these two 
converging columns, and, in a gallant charge, routed and drove them baclt 
in great confusion. In the memtimG, the 12th regiment had reached the 
Springs road some distance north of Jeffersonton, and met on the road, in the 
Beaver Dam woods, the Federal columns retreating from Jeffersonton. The 
Federals caught here between their pursuers and the 12th regiment, were 
charged front and rear, and dispersing through the woods, made their es- 
cape as best they could; many, however, were made prisoners. 

The Confederate coluuui then pressed on towards the Springs. They 
found the ford of the river strongly guarded with cavalry and artillery, and 
so soon as the Confederates came in sight, the batteries of the Federals, post- 
ed on the hills about the Springs, opened a terrific fire upon them; but,nothiDg: 
daunted, they charged the ford of the river with a rush, crossed over, drove 
the enemy away and obtained a foot hold on the north bank. Fitz Lee's di- 
vision crossed the river at Foxville, where they had quite a little fight with 
the Federal cavalry occupying the north bank. The greater portion of the 
Southern army crossed the river that night, and thus the tide of war once 
more rolled away from the shores of (^ulpeper, but to come again at its ebb on 
the 20th of October, when the Southern army re crossed to the south bank of 
the Rappahannock, and occupied Culpeper after the failure of Gen. Lee, in 
the Bristoe Station cami)aign, to bring Gen. Meade to a general Engagement 
The infantry, encamped near the river, extended from Welford's on the 
west, to Kelleyville on the right, and back towards Brandy and Stevensbarg. 

At "Rappahannock Station the Confederates had a pontoon bridge and held a . 
t^te de pont on the north side of the fortified hill overlooking the station. . 
Eweirs corps was encamped in the re&r dt Kelleyville, Rhodes' division ' oceu-' 
pyiug a position nearest the river and guarding the crossing in its front. About 
mid-day on the 7th of November the Federals appeared,in beavy columns, in < 
front of 'Rappahannock and Kelley ville, and at the latter place effected a 
crossing during the day. The 2nd N. C. regiment,of Ramseers' brigade, num- • 
bering about 250 men, was on picket duty at Kelley ville, Wheatley's.and Stev- 
en's fords. Rifle pits had been constructed near the river at Kelley ville, com- 
manding the ford and the site of the old pontoon bridge, but these defences * 
were commanded by the hills on the north side, which closed into thfe river • 
rather in the form of a semi-circle. The Federals put three or four batteries ' 
in position on the north side of the of the river, and opened a terrific fire on 
the picket force along the river at Kelly ville, and soon drove them to seek : 
Buch shelter as they could' find. Massie's Confederate battery was put in po- 
sition on the south side about a half mile from the river, and engaged the en- 
emy's battery, but the latter was so moch 'superior in numbers, and in met- 
al; that the Confederate guns were soon either silenced or driven to change 
their positions so frequently that they were of little service. An effort to re- 
fiBffor«e the pickets at the river also proved unavailing, because of the exposed l 
Qature of the ground, over which the re-enforcements attempted to pass, to ' 
ihe Federal batteries on the other side. So it was that the Federals, under • 
;he protection of their guns, succeeded in forcing the passage of the river, and ' 
tapturing nearly all of the Confederate pickets at that point. Rhodes' divis- 
on and x>erhapB parts of E well's corps, was formed in line of battle a mile or 
uore in rear of the river, and so remained till after night, but the enemy 
uade no further movement than to effect a lodgement on the South bank of 
he river. During the night of the 7th the Federals massed a heavy column 
Q front of the tete de pdnt dt Rappahannock Station, charged the position 
leld by the Confederates on the north bank of the river, and succeeded in 
akin^ possession of the same, and capturing the greater part of Hays' and 
lokes' brigade, together with a number of guns and other materials of 
irar. The Confederate army fell back that night, and took up a position dn 
.dvance of Culpeper, where it awaited during the next day the attack of the 
^ederals. The line of battle, selected by Gen. Lee, extended from the foot of 
It. Pony, a little south of the Massie house on the right, across Moun-. 
ain Run, along southward of the Hudson house, and north of the Williams 
lOuse to the high ground on the Brandy road between the Bell and the Hall 
arm, thence along in front of where Mr. Daniel nov/ lives and the Cleveland 
istate, to the road from Chestnut Fork to Brandy Station, with Hampton's 
on's division of cavalry on the right beyond Stevonsburg, and Fitz Lee on 
he left in the direction of Rixeyville. An admirable line; certainly the best 
bat military skill and wisdom could have selected in this locality. Here Gen. 
liee remained in line of battle all the day of the 8th., inviting an attack from 
ifen. Meade, but for some reason, he did not join battle with the Confederate 
thieftain at this time. There was more or less skirmishing going on all day 
>etween the skirmish lines, attended perhaps with some little loss to both 
lides. The Confederates lost the day before at Kelley ville some. 30 or 30 men, 
dlled and wounded, and about 200 taken prisoners. On the night of the 8th 
ieii, Lee fell back to his old encampment in Orange, south of the Rapidan ; 
lis army retired leisurely without any collision with the Federal advance, 
)veu between the cavalry, and the last serious fighting on Culpeper's soil was 
it an end. 


From this time till May, 1864, when Grant moved soath of the Rapid an 
river for his great campaign in the Wilderness, more than a hundred thou- 
sand Federal soldiers were encamped within the limits of the county. But 
during his time the right flank of his army was much harrassed by scoating 
parties of Southern cavalry that were wintering in Madison, Rappahannock 
and Fauquier counties, and also by Mosby's command found in the same lo- 
cality. The left of Grant's emcampment was protected and guarded by a line 
of pickets extending from Crooked Run, near Brown's Store, across the turn- 
pike, a little west of Stonehouse Mountain, by Apperson's gate on the Eldo- 
rado road, thence to Muddy Run about Coon's, to the river. Scarcely a night 
passed that this line was not disturbed at one or more points by dismounted 
cavalrymen, who were looking for a remount, and a number of good horses 
were suppled by Uncle Sam to do service for the Confederates during the 
next summer campaign. Many of these adventures were perilous in the ex- 
treme, but they were performed with a coolness and audacity that was indeed 
marvelous. Confederate soldiers, whose homes were within the Federal lines, 
made frequent visits to old Culpeper, to see the loved ones at home, the girl 
they left behind them, and made hair breadth escapes from capture. All these 
incidents are worth recording as a part of the history of the times. But of 
course the particulars of but few of them are known to the writer. We recall 
an incident of this character, which we will venture to put upon record. On 
November 84th, 1863, Capt. R. R. Duncan, a typical soldier, brave and fear- 
less as Julius Caesar, a splendid horseman, an excellent swordsman and a good 
shot, stout, active, alert and atheletic, and of great wisdom, sagacity and cool 
judgement in times of danger, was with some 15 or 20 men of his company, 
scouting along the flanks of Meade's army. Finding the picket post on the 
turnpike not far in advance of Stonehouse Mountain, he sent forward a few 
men and by a dexterous movement to their rear, succeeded in capturing the 
two soldiers on the post. Feeling assured that the enemy would send out a 
scouting party to ascertain what had become of their pickets, and what force 
was prowling about their front, he concealed his little band in the woods near 
Salem church. Soon thereafter, about a company of Federal soldiers appear- 
ed, moving up the turnpike. He maintained his position till they had passed 
his front; he then came in on their rear, and immediately charged them, cap- 
turing the most of them and dispersing the residue. But immediately in 
their rear came the »Srd W. Va. cavalry, under Maj. Conger, to their support 
With a number of prisoners, captured horses, and arms on his hands, it be- 
came a very difHcult matter for Capt. Duncan to make good his escape, but he 
so skillfully and boldly managed his little force, now using them as mounted 
skirmishers, and again charging with them on the advance guard of the pur- 
suing columns, that, after being pursued for several miles, he succeeded in get- 
ting off with all his captured, both men and animals, without loss to his com- 
mand, but inflicting considerable loss to the Federals. One officer was killed, 
two others wounded, and other casualties among the enlisted men. Permit us 
to also put on record another incident in which a citizen of Culpeper county 
was the principal actor. About the latter part of December, 1864, a column of 
Federal cavalry, under the command of Gen. Torbett, passed through Cul- 
peper, returning from a raid in the direction of Charlottesville. As it passed 
along the road in the neighborhood of Rixeyville, some four or five strag- 
glers made their way to the home of Mr. J. W. Timberlake, who lived 
about a mile West of the main road. Mr. Timberlake was very 

kind to them, and gave them of what he had. After gettingsomething to eat 
and rummaging through the lower parts of the house and taking what they 


chose, all left, except one, who seemed determined t<o explore every nook and 
comer about the building and appropriate to himself everything that suit- 
ed Jiiis fancy.-' * In liis search he had gone into the upper rooms, Mr. Timber- 
lake following liim. In one of the upper rooms he found a bureau or some ar- 
ticle of furniture of that kind, which he immediately begun to examine, emp- 
tying th^ contents of the drawers on the floor and putting spme of the articles 
in his haversack. Mr. Timberlake stood it very patiently, until he began to 
scatter on the floor the articles of clothing which belonged to his dead wife, 
and which had been packed away there. This was too much for him, and 
stiepping back to the Are place he grasped a heavy wrought iron shovel, and 
striking him with all his might on the head with this heavy instrument, felled 
him to the floor. In a moment he saw that he had killed him, and what was 
to be done? Looking from his window he saw a squad of Yankees approaching 
his house, and there he was with the. dead soldier in his house and the horse 
tied to the rack. 

He had a son, Edward, then about twelve years of age, whom he direict^d 
to mount the horse and make for his life to the woods in the rear. , The Yan- 
kees seeing him, and thinking that he was a Confederate, made pursuit apd 
passed beyond his house. While they were gone in pursuit of the; boy, Mr. 
Timberlake and his daughter. Miss Seuie, managed to get the dea4 soldier 
from the upper room to the basement and put him in one of the lower roon^s. 
When the soldiers, returned and asked who it was that they were pursuing he 
informed them that it was a half witted boy, the son of one of bis neighboie, 
who seeing them approach, became frightened and fled, and thus he quieted 
their apprehension. They dismounted, and he gave them something to eat 
and they sat at the table and ate their meal in a room adjoining that in which 
was the body of their dead comrade. The old gentleman, in speaking, of tUis 
years after the war, said ^^ that when he put the soldier in the basement he 
'Was not quite dead, and kicked a little as he carried him down the steps, and 
while his comrades sat at the table eating their meals he was very much afraid 
that he would kick up a row in the cellar room adjoining. H^s body remain- 
ed in the house until midnight or after, when Mr. Timberlake and his daugh- 
ter took it therefrom and placing it in an ox cart, hauled it to the woods and 
buried it. And he rests not only in an unknown, but a dishonored grave. 


On the 26th of June, 1802, the Federal Government organized what was 
called the Army of Va., consisting of three corps, of which the first was com- 
manded by Gen. Sigel, the second by Gen. Banks, and the third by Gep. 
McDowell. Gen. John Pope, who had earned some reputation as a fighter, 
was given command of this army, and made himself ridiculous in the eyes of 
military men on both sides ^^by issuing^' his bombastic order, upon assuming 
command, of **Head Quarters in the Saddle.'^ 

McClellan, having been defeated in front of Richmond by Lee, had sought 
shelter on the banks of the James River,under the protection of his gunboats, 
and had been so battered, bruised and broken in his seven days contest, that 
he concluded he would be unable to resume the offensive without fifty 
thousand additional troops, which his government, at that time, 
was nnable to supply, without exposing the Capitol to attack. It 
was thought best in the Federal military councils, in this condi- 
tion of affairs, to move upon Gordonsville with the army of Va., and thus 
threaten Lee's left and rear at Richmond. This army, with this object in view, 
took position to threaten Gordonsville and Charlottesville. Back's 


coi-p3 was in ilappahanaock, Sliders about Waterloo and Jeffersooton, 
and a division of McDowell's was in Culpeper, with the remainder at Freder- 
icksburg. A brigade of Federal cavalry, under Buford, was at Madison Ct. 
House, while another, under Bayard, was near Crooked Run church. Daring 
the months of July and August, the cavalry of Pope's army was very active 
and enterprising. It several times crossed the Rapidan on reconnois3ance,and 
made its way to Q,nd beyond Orange C. H. towards Gordonsville. 

Ashby's brigade of Confederate cavalry, now under the command of fi. 
H. Robertson, which had been left in the valley, to conceal Jackson's inoye- 
ment towards Richmond, was withdrawn, and placed in position between 
Gordonsville and Orange, to watch the Rapidan, whilst Ewell's, Hill's and 
Winder's, or Jackson's old division, all under the command of Jackson, were 
quietly withdrawn from Lee's army below Richmond, and placed in camp 
in rear of Gordonsville. Jackson conceived the idea of defeating Pope by a 
rapid movement to Culpeper, thrusting himself between the wings of bis 
army, and defeating them in succession. Jackson had 23,000 men, of whieh 
1,300 was cavalry. Pope had 46,000, of which 6,500 was cavalry, but his anny 
was scattered over a large area. On the evening of the 7th of Aug., Jackson 
began his movement towards Culpeper. Swell's division moved from lt8 
camp near Gordonsville, towards Liberty Mills, whilst Winder*^ and Hill's di- 
visions moved towards and encamped for the night, near Orange C. H. 

Jackson expected to reach Culpeper early the next day, being only 18 
miles distant. On the morning of the 8th, the cavalry crossed the river at 
Bamett's Ford, and drove back the enemy's cavalry towards Madison G. H. 
and Locust Dale. Ewell came down from Liberty Mills, on the north bauk of 
the river, and came into' the Culpeper road, south of Locust Dale. The Fed- 
eral cavalry was very active, and was handled with great ability. The 
march of the (confederate columns was greatly impeded by the threatened in- 
cursions of this cavalry on the Confederate trains from the direction of Madi- 
son C. H. Jackson was too feeble in this arm of the service for an advaneiDK 
army, and his small force had to be divided to protect his train and to preBS 
back the enemy's cavalry in front. It was hardly sufficient for both parpoees 
and made but slow progress. This,together with the intense heat and dust of 
the day, the confusion in which the columns of Winder's and Hill's divisions 
had fallen, in respect to the order of their march, and the interuiingliDg of 
their trains, blocked the road and made the progress on the 18th remarkably 
slow. Swell's division reached Locust Dale, and whilst the Ooufedenite ear- 
airy Grained possession of the fords at Robertson's river and Crooked Rmi, en- 
camped for the night north of the latter stream. Winder's divisicHi had 
crossed the river at Barnett's ford, but Hill was still on the south side of the 
river. Jackson communicated with Gen. Lee from Locust Dale on the even- 
ing of the 8th, and stated that he feared the enterprise would be a failnre, by 
reason of the day's delay. Gen. Pope, it seems, was aware of the movement of 
Gen. Jackson early on the 7th, and immediately ordered his foroes to oonoen- 
trate at Culpeper. Banks began his movement from the Rappahannock on 
the morning of the 8th, and encamped that night at Hazel river, on the Sp^ 
ryville turn-pike. Rickett's division, of McDowell's corps, that had been en- 
camped north of Culpeper, was moved forward on the 8th, and took position 
near Colvin's old tavern on the Madison road, to resist the movement of the 
Confederates, reported by Buford to be moving by way of Madison C. H. 
During the 9th Bank's corps passed through Culi)eper, and was thrown Ua- 
ward on the Orange road, in the neighborhood of Cedar Run. Crawford^ bri- 
gade of William's div'n, consisting of the 38th N. Y., 46th Pa., 10th Me., and 5th 

Coun., with two batteries of artillery, was seut forward on the 8th to support 
Bayard's cavalry, and took position behind the hills immediately south of Ce- 
dar Run, and there remained during the night of the 8th., whilst Bayard's 
eavafry was kept well to the front. Early on the morning of the 9th the Con- 
federate army, with EwelPs division in front, was again put in motion, but its 
movements were slow. The day, as the one before, was intensely hot and the 
road was a narrow one; the force of Confederate cavalry in front was insuf- 
ficient to drive back, with rapidity, the Federal cavalry. At the extreme 
south end of Cedar or Slaughter's Mountain, Hay's brigade, of Ewell's divis- 
ion, 'Consisting of 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 19th La. regiments, deflected from 
the main road, and passing across the fields to the base of the mountain, east 
of James Gktmett's house, hugged the mountain closely and advanced along 
ita base, under cover of the woods. Trimble's brigade, of the same division, 
eonsiflting of the 12th Ga., 21st N. C, and 16th Ala., also left the Culpeper 
road at a point a little further north, and passing to the right by a cluster of 
pines, a little south of the Major house, reached the base of the mountain 
about where the road crosses it. 

In the meantime, the Federal cavalry had been massed in the valley, on 
the south branch of Cedar Run, north of the Major house, 
and south of the Crittenden house and the one regiment of 
Confederate cavalry, the 6th Va^, then with the advance of Ewell's 
division, was unable to dislodge it, without the aid of the Confederate infan- 
try and artillery. Early's brigade, of Ewell's divison, consisting of the 18th, 
25th, 3l0t, 52nd and 58th Va. regiments, which was marching in front, had, in 
the meantime, reached the intersection of the Waylandsburg and Culpeper 
roads. Maj. Courtney, chief of artillery of Ewell's division, posted two bat- 
teries, Capt. Dement's and Capt. Brown's of Maryland, on a small knoll on 
which there were growing pines, a short distance south of the Major house, 
whilst Capt. Lattimer's, and a section of Johnson's batteries, were sent for- 
ward with the advancing columns of Trimble and Hay, until they reached a 
position well up on the mountain side, not far below the Slaughter housd. 
With a view of closing in on the rear of the Federal cavalry, massed in the 
Talley, as before stated, Early's brigade moved from its position, at the inter- 
seetion of the roads, and bearing well to the left of the road, under cover of 
the hills, so as to keep out of sight, reached the Culpeper road, and crossed it 
to the east at a point about one -half of a mile south of the Crittenden gate, 
and bore well down on the flank and rear of the cavalry in the valley. When 
bis Bkirmishers engaged those of the cavalry, the batteries, posted by Maj. 
Courtney, also opened on their ranks. They broke and fled up the valley by 
the Crittenden house, but Were rallied and reformed near the centre of the 
Federal lines on the main road. 

Early then advanced his brigade and took position, flrst in line of bat- 
tle along the road leading from the Crittenden house, whieh he occupied 
for a short time, then advanced his lines towards the summit of the hill 
overlooking the valley between the Crittenden house and where now 
stands the Smoot house. Three guns of Brown's and Dement's batteries were 
moved forward, and took position on the knoll of cedars a little north and 
west of the Crittenden house as did also several guns of Dement's and D'Ar- 
qnin's batteries, at a point little nearer to, and north east of the Crittenden 
honse. Ewell, with the residue of his division, had reached a position dt the 
extreme north end of Slaughter's Mountain, keeping his infantry well under 
oover. The Federal commander. Gen. Banks, had, in the meantime, been 
busy organizing his lihe of battle, to meet the advance of the Confederates. 


McOilvery's battery of sii^^ans, and Robertson's and Gary^s of four punfi, 
were placed in position on the north side of the Mitchell's Station road, in 
front of the Hadson house pointing sbutheast,- commandinfi: the valley of the 
south branch of Cedar Run, and frontinpr the Confederate batteries on the 
slope of the mountain. Best's, Reamer's, and Knapp's batteries^ of four jrans 
each, were placed in position* in the angle Of the Mitchell's Station and Cul- 
peper roads, and Mullensbur^'s battery of four guns was placed on the west 
'Side of the Culpeper road, on the hiprfi grotind just in advance of the point 
where the road to Mrs. Brown's house leaves the Culpeper road. Gen. Prince's 
'brigade, of Gen. Augur's division, supported by the brigade of Gen, Gre^e, 
occupied the extreme left of the Federal line of battle; it was placed astride 
of the Mitchell's Station road, with the 103nd N.Y. on the left, on the north of 
•the road, and swinering round to the south and west in the angle of the road, 
'Were placed the following regiments, in the following order: the 100th Pa., the 
5rd Mdi, and 11th Pa. Then came Gen Gh.ry's brigade, of the same division, 
continuing -the line of battle in the following order: the 5th O. on his left, con- 
necting with Prince, then the 6th Ohio, 7th Ohio, and 29th. Ohio regiments. 
iCrawfo»d's ^brigAde, of William's division, came next in order of battle, with 
the 5th Conni; on the east side of the ifiain road, and the 28th N. Y-;, 46th Pa. 
AndlOtltiMaine ih the order named, their Vight being thrown *baok oonsidera 
Wetotherear. 'Still to the "right of this was Gordon's brigade, of the same 
rdivisiun, in two lines, with the 2nd Mass and 8rd Wis. in the first, and the 37th 
Jnd. in the second line. 'The cavalry of the Federal army was massed about 
«the centre of the line, near the main road, and behind the range of hill^on the 
•west. Winder's division, of the Confederate army, was now*'~K3oming on the 
field, and four guns of Carpenter's and Poague's batteries we^ placed in posi- 
ition in the open field, in front of the Crittenden gate, on the east side of the 
main road, and> shortly afterwards five rifle pieces of Hill's division, belonging 
to Caskie's, Fleet's and Pegram's batteries, were, by direction of Col. Walker, 
chief of artillery of Hill's division, placed along the ridge in front of Early's 
brigade, and but a short distance from the Federal skirmish line, extending 
■ across the corn field. 

. These dispositions for battle made by the two armies, consumed some 
time, and' it was not till half past three o'clock that th<^ battle opened, with 
I nearly the whole of the artillery on either side in pb^ition; twenty-six of the 
best guns on the Confederate side, and twenty-eight on the Federal side were 
engaged, and for two hours they thundered at each other -across this narrow 
valley, whilst further disposition was being made for the struggle between the 
infantry at closer quarters. 

Garnett's brigade, consisting of the 21st, 4Sth, 47th and 1st Va. regiment^ 
was ordered to move to the left through the woods, over' the ground 
which is now the cleared ground about the Throgmorton house, and, if poBsi- 
ble, reach the right of the Federal line, turn it, charge and capture the bat- 
tery posted on the west side of the road. Upon reconnoitering the situation, 
it was found imprapticabl en to execute this order. It was found that the right 
batteries, on the Federal line, were supported by infantry, posted in and in 
rear of the woods on the high ground, on what is now the Cooper farm, afld 
the greater portion of the cavalry was also massed under the protection of 
the same hill. This brigade was then placed in line of battle, along the crest of 
■the hill, in the rear of the wheat field, which lay between the two lines of bat- 
tle, with its right consisting of the 48th and 21st regiments, thrown back 
along the road and facing north east, with a view of protecting the batteries 
•in this field from an approach in front, whilst the 42nd regimept and Ist Va. 


battalion wore in line fronting? the wheat-field. The Isb. Va. was on the ex- 
treme left, and an interval existed between that and the next regiment in line. 
About this time Gen. Jackson appeared on this part of the field. He at once 
saw that the exposed condition of his left flank invited an attack, and that the 
natare of the ground was exceedingly favorable for such a movement on the 
part of his adversary. He directed Gen. Garnett to look well to his left, and 
to request his division commander to reinforce him. Gen. Taliaferro's 
brigade, consisting of the 10th, 23rd, 37th and 47tli Va. regiments, and the 
48th Ala., having arrived on the field, was placed in line of battle along the 
road leading to the Crittenden house, in support of the Confederate batter- 
ies and connecting with Gen. Early on the right. About this time Gen. Win- 
der was killed by a fragment of an exploded shell. He is said to have fallen 
in the main road, a short distance south of the Crittenden gate, and about 
where the fence of the Throgmorton land now comes to the road. 
There was some delay in reinforcing Garnett, owing to Winder's death 
and the change of division commandei*s on the field, and before it was. 
done, Gen. Banks, contrary to the orders of his superior, perhaps, advanced 
his whole line of battle to the attack, although numerically weaker than 
Gen. Jackson. 

The two brigades of Augur's division, with a battalion of the 8th and 
12th U. 8. regulars, under Capt. Pitcher, thrown forward as skirmishers^ ad- 
vanced in the centre, through the corn field on what is now the Smoot farm. 
and assailed Early vigorously. He was sorely pressed by these two brigades 
of Geary and Prince for a time, but being reinforced by Taliaferro's brigade 
on the left, and a poftion of Thomas' Georgia brigade, of Hill's division, on 
the right, the progress of the Federal advance was soon arrested. The Fed- 
. eral line was also reinforced, by Greene's brigade, which was put in on the 
left as a support to Prince. The contest in, and in front of this corn field, was, 
for a time, stubborn and sanguinary. The Federal loss was very serious for 
tlvB numbers engaged and the time the engagement lasted. Gen. Prince, in an 
effort to rally his broken command, was taken prisoner in this field by a pri- 
vat.e of the 23rd Va. regiment, surrendering his sword, however, to Gen. Talia- 
ferro. But the Confederates were not so fortunate on their left. 
Before this portion of their line could be extended and reinforced, 
the Federals advanced. The two brigades of Crawford and Gor- 
don, constituting the right wing of the forces engaged, the former in advance 
and about seventeen hundred strong, the latter in support, and still further 
to the right, were moved forward from their position behind the wooded hill 
to the assault on the left fiank of the Confederate army. They moved from 
their position across the wheat field, in splendid order, with banners fiying 
and confident step, and entered the woods on the south of the wheat field, 
overlapping and enveloping the left of the Confederate lines, breaking and 
routing the major part, if not the whole of Garnett's brigade, leaving the way 
open to the Confederate rear. The Federals pressed rapidly forward, and 
swinging around to their left, passed over the ground about where now 
stands the Throgmorton house, and well nigh gained the main road. Talia- 
ferro, whose brigade was engaged with the Federals in the corn field, attempt- 
ed to change front to meet this advance on his flank and rear. Some of his 
regiments, then for the flrst time under fire, becouiing panic stricken by this 
destructive fire on their fiank, broke and fied in utter rout. The artillery on 
the extreme left was withdrawn to escape capture. The whole left wing of the 
Confederate army seeming, for a time, to be broken and shattered, suffered 
great loss. Every field officer in Garnett's brigade had been killed 


or wounded. It was for a time a scene of great confusion. 
Officers were in the melee, trying in vain to rally their troops. 
Jackson, himself, appeared upon the scene, and drawing his sword, as it is 
said, for the first and only time daring the war, commanded his nien to rally 
and follow him against the advancing columns of the enemy. He remained 
with his discomfited troops, till reminded by Gen. Taliaferro that it was hard- 
ly a proper place for the chief officer in command. 

Just at this juncture the Stonewall brigade, consisting of the 2nd, 4th, 5tli, 
27th, and 33rd Va. regiments, under the command of Col. Roland, appeared on 
the field. These regiments had been grep.tly reduced in numbers by the val- 
ley campaign and the seven days battle in front of Richmond, but they were 
staunch veterans of more than a dozen conflicts, and were not easily discom- 
fited. This brigade was rapidly deployed in line in the woods on the west of 
the road, with its right extended, and left thrown back, and opening its ranks 
to allow the fugitives to pass through, boldly moved forward and opened a de- 
structive fire on their enemies. Unfortunately for the Federals, especially 
Crawford's brigade, they had advanced too far from their supports, and suf- 
fered their line to become broken up in their rapid advance, and were not in 
a condition to receive the attack of this fresh Confederate brigade. They 
halted, attempted to reform their lines to meet their fresh antagonists, bat 
with little avail. They were swept away before the onset of the Stonewall 
brigade as chaflf before the wind, with frightful loss. The battle was at once 
renewed with great vigor. Jackson ordered an advance of the whole line. 
Ewell on the right, deploying his Alabama regiment as skirmishers, moved 
down from the mountain slope and extending his right brigade,under Trimble, 
reached Cedar Run and essayed to strike the Federal rear on the north side of 
the stream, but was prevented from crossing by the obstruction of an old mill- 
pond. The 2nd. and 6th, Va. cavalry (the 12th. having been detached to guard 
the left towards Thoroughfare Mountain, and the 7th. sent to Madison Court- 
house), moved down the valley of the south brannh of Cedar Run, and oaju- 
pied the space between Early and Ewell. Ewell, finding that he could not 
cross the run, turned Trimble's brigade on the Federal batterries on the left 
of their line. The valley, immediately in their front, was so completely swept 
by the Confederate batteries on the slope of the mountain, that Trimble's 
troops could not pass over it till a staff officer had been dispatched to order a 
cessation of their fire. In the meantime the Federal batteries had been with- 
drawn, and the left was in retreat. Gen. Branch, coming on the field with his 
splendid brigade of North Carolinians about the time of the Confederate ad- 
vance, was ordered to the support of the Stonewall brigade,and formed his line 
in the woods on its left at right angles to the road, followed by Pender's bri- 
gade, moving in column still further to the left. Taliaferro's brigade was 
quickly rallied on the right. Many of Garnett's men came back to the field, 
and fell in with the Stonewall brigade, which, with Branch's brigade, moved 
rapidly forward through the woods, and entering the wheat field, passed over 
the high ground, closing in towards the road, and by well directed volleys, 
crushed in and routed the Federal right with great loss of life, especially in 
Crawford's brigade, which, in killed, wounded and missing, lost more than 
half their number: 867 out of 1,670 taken into battle; Gordon's brigade also 
suffered severely. 

The Federals attempteil to retrieve the fortunes of the hour by a charge 
of cavalry on the Confederate lines as they emerged from the woods into the 
wheat field. Maj. Falls, with two squadrons of the 14th. Penn. cavalry, pass" 
ing from behind the high ground on the west of the road, formed his command 


in column of squadrons, and charged down the little valley in the wheatfield 
on the Confederate line just as it had crossed the branch and entered the field. 
But they were met with such a well directed fire in front, as well as from the 
troops in the field on the east of the road (Thirteenth Virp^inia regiment), and 
Branches brigade, which, at that time, was sweeping obliquely across the 
wheat field, and had reached the high grounds, that their ranks were broken 
before reaching their objective point. These squadrons lost in this charge 71, 
out of 164 men. The entire Confederate line was now pressing rapidly for- 
ward and tne Federals were in hasty retreat, with Wiiliam^s division complete- 
ly broken and routed. But it was now dark and the pursuit ceased for a time. 
Several pieces of artillery were placed in position on the high points south of 
the run, and the woods on the north side and the country beyond were sub- 
jected to a vigorous shelling to ascertain the position of the Federals. Rick- 
ett^s division, of McDowelPs corps, that had been left on the Madison road) 
leading froth Colvin's Tavern, was ordered forward to the support of Bank^s 
right, and took position on the north side of Cedar Run with his right, consist- 
ing of Tower's brigade, supported by Hartsuflf's brigade, and two batteries of 
artillery— Lippen's and Matthew's— extending out to the range of hills near the 
Brown house, and his left, consisting of Carroll's and Duryea's brigades, rest- 
ing on the Culpeper road, near the woods in the rear of the Hudson house, and 
Hairs battery posted on a little eminence on the west of the road, and Thomp- 
son's on the east. But, before this disposition had been entirely completed, 
the Confederate lines were advanced to the north side of the run. Fields' bri- 
gade, of Hill's division, crossing the run, moved in line of battle on 
the left of the road. Spofford's brigade, of the same division, on 
the right, whilst Pegram's battery and the 6th. Virginia cavalry moved 
in column in the road, and the 7th Va., cavalry moved on the right of Spof- 
ford's brigade. The advance of the 'Confederates was slow,cautiou8 and quiet, 
until they reached the north skirt of the woods,where they halted and Pegram 
took position with his battery on a little knoll just west of the road. The 
line of the Federals could be distinctly seen by the little fires they had built, 
around which they were brewing their coffee. Pegram's batteries opened on 
them with grape and cannister, and threw them into great confusion. They 
could be distinctly seen, by the light of their fires, rushing headlong to the 
rear. Milroy, who was just arriving on the field with his brigade, threw it 
in line across the road in their rear and stopped their filght. Order in a short 
time was restored, and Hall's battery, on the right of the road, and Thomp- 
son's on the left, concentrated their fire on Pegram, and killed and wounded 
a number of his men and horses. Our esteemed former county man. Gen. J. G. 
Field, then a staff officer of Gen. Hill, lost his leg in the road near Pegram's 
battery. This artillery duel, with some skirmishing between the infantry, 
continued for an hour or more, when it gradually subsided and finally ceased. 
The cavalry was withdrawn and went into camp in the wheat field, but the 
infantry and artillery remained in position during the night. The next morn- 
ing a brisk skirmish was begun, and there was every indication of a renewal 
of the battle. It lasted till perhaps 12 o'clock, when Jackson having ascer- 
tained that nearly the whole of Pope's army was concentrated in his front, to 
use his own language, concluded that " it was not prudent to attack," and 
withdrew his lines to the position he at first occupied.On the morning of the 10th 
Gen. Stuart, having arrived on a tour of in8pection,gathered together the Con- 
federate cavalry, moved east to the railroad, which he followed nearly to the 
Stevensburg road leading from Culpeper, in the rear of the Federal army, 
having first bent forward a detachment to Mt. Pony to capture the signal 


corps there stationed. Stuart ascertained, from prisoners captured and other 
sources, that the remaining division of McDowelPs corps was hourly expected 
to arrive from Fredericksburg, so that it became apparent that, if not already 
on the field, the whole of Pope's army was in supporting distance, and no de- 
cided victory could be reasonably expected against such odds. 

The next day, the 11th, the Federal commander asked for a truce to bury 
his dead, and all that day the Federal and Confederate soldiers mingled freely 
together, engaged in the pious work of burying their dead and caring for their 

wounded. The Federals lost in the engagement, in killed, wounded and miss- 
ing 2,881. and the Confederates 1,276. On the 12th. Ja,ckson slowly withdrew 
his command to the south side of the Rapidan, unmolested by the Federal 



From the census of pensioners of the Revolutionary Army, as published in 
1841, by authority of Act of Congress, under the direction of the Secretary of 
ihe Navy, we take the following, who are put down as **Culpeper County, Va." 

Name of . Head of family with whom 

Pensioner. Age. Pensioner resided in 1840. 

Catherine Allen, 


Catherine Allen. 

Nancy Bailey, 


Armstead Bailey. 

John Creel, 


John Creel. 

Sarah Colvin, 


Sarah Colvin. 

John Cannady, 


John Cannady. 

Lucy Pettit, 


John L. Conner. 

Elizabeth Edwards, 


Elizabeth Edwards. 

John Freeman, 


John Freeman. 

Zachariah Griffin, 


Zachariah GriflBn. 

Gabriel Gray, 


Gabriel Gray. 

Humphrey Hill, 

77. . 

Humphrey Hill. 

Julius Hunt, 


Julius Hunt. 

John Hall^ 


John Hall. 

William Jett, 


William Jett. 

William Iiewis, 


William Lewis. 

Mary Lampkin, 


Mary Lampkin. 

Hannah Clark, 


Madden Willis. 

Amber Newman, 


Amber Newman. 

Richard Payne, Sr., 


Richard Payne, Sr. 

Reuben Rosson, 


Reuben Rosson. 

Randolph Stallard, 


Randolph Stallard. 

Philip Slaughter, 


Philip C. Slaughter. 

Peter Triplett, 


Peter Triplett. 

Almond Vaughn, 


Almond Vaughn. 

Isaiah Welsh, 


Isaiah Welsh. 

NOTE.— This list is copied just as printed. It is supposed the females are 
widows of deceased soldiers, living either in their own homes, or with mar- 
ried daughter, and some of the old soldiers with the sons or daughters. 




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Of Capt. Benjamin Cole's Company of Virginia Militia, 5th Regiment, of 
Culpeper County, first at Camp Randolph, and then at Camp Holly, under 
the command of Major Wm. Armstead, and then of Col. John H. Cocke, from 
the 39th of March to the 19th of August 1813. 





Ben j. 'Cole. 




Thompson Ashby. 

First Lieutenant. 



George Thom. 

Second Lieutenant. 



Bailey Buckner. 




Wm. F. Thompson. 




Oatlett Pendleton. 




Robert Green. 




Edward Green. 




Richard C. Grimes. 




William B. Thornton. 




Robert Waggoner. 




Richard Pettigrew. 




William Gaines. 

I Drummer. . 



William Wise. 




Nimrod Apperson. 

i Private. 



Joseph Bowen. 




Willis Camp. 

1 Private. 



George Camp. 

1 Private. 



Thomas Charlton. 




John Dobbs. 

I Private. 



Pay ton R. Eldridge. 




George Green. 




Benjamin Hawkins. 




Silas Hawkins. 

i Private. 



Nicholas Hart. 




Law son Jones. 




John Miles. 

! Private. 



Jesse Pratt. 




Dudley Patty. 




Thomas C. Powell. 




Abbott Rosson. 




Larkin Rosson. 




Mosses Revell. 

i Private. 



Robert Rowe. 




James Saunders. 

i Private. 

! 3 


Nathaniel Saunders* 

! Private. 



Oliver Sims. 

1 Private. 



John Smith. 


! 3 


Henry Smith. 


i 3 


Samuel Stout. 

i Private. 

1 •• 


Gustavus Summerrall. 


, 3 


Larkin Turner. 



! 22. 

Igaatious Wheeler. 

1 Private. 



James Wise. 

1 Private. 



1 22. 

Pay roll for the traveling expenses of a detachment of the 3rd Virj^inia 
Regiment that was discharged from the camp at Valley Forge, to their dif- 
ferent counties, Feb. 15, 1776. 

__ NAME. _ I _ Rank. . | County. | Distance. | Lb. S. Pence. 
Armstead W hite. | Sergeant. | C ulpeper. | 230 miles^ | 1 18. 

NOTE: This is taken from the original Pay Roll as above. Heading 
copied correctly; signed by Lieut. Thomas Hungerford, 3rd Virginia Regiment. 




At a court held for the county of Culpeper on Monday, the 21stday of Octo- 

tober, 1765, the sixteen justices of the peace for Culpeper county, drew up and 

Rigrned a protest to Governor Fauquier against the imposition of the stamp 

act, emphasizing their protest by resigning: their commissions. The address, 

which is given in full, is recorded in the Culpeper clerk's office, in deed book 

**E," on page 138, and is attested by Roger Dixon, who was the first clerk of the 

county. The address is as follows : 

*'To The Honorable Francis Fauquier, Esquire, his Majesty's Lieutenant, 
Governor, and Commander-in-Cliief, of the Coloiiy and Dominion of 
Virginia. The humble address of the Justices of the Peace of the 
County of Culpeper. 

"Sir: At a time when his majesty's subjects in America are so universally 
alarmed on account of the late proceedings of the British Parliament, and the 
enemies of America employed in representing its colonies in an odious light to 
our most gracious Sovereign, and his ministers, by the most un- 
generous interpretation of our behavior, we beg leave to take this 
method to assure your Honour of our inviolable attachment to, and affection 
for, the sacred person of his Majesty, and the whole Royal family. 

*'And. from j'our Honour's well known candor, and benevolent disposition, 
we are persuaded that we shall at the same time be permitted to lay before 
your Honour those reasons which have determined us to resign the Commis- 
sion of the Peace, under which we have been sworn to act as magistrates in 
this county. 

''It seems to be the unanimous opinion of the people cf America (and of a 
few in England), that the late acts of Parliament, by which a stamp duty is 
imposed on the Americans, and a court of vice-admiralty appointed ultimate- 
ly to determine all controversies, which may arise, concerning the execution 
of the said act, is unconstitutional, and a high infringement of our most valu- 
able privileges as British subjects, who, we humbly apprehend, cannot con- 
stitutionally be taxed without the consent of our representatives, or our lives 
or properties be affected in any suit, or criminal causes, whatsoever, without 
first being tried by our peers. 

**And, as the execution of the said act do«s, in some measure, depend on 
the county courts, we cinnot, if consistent with the duty which we owe our 
country, be, in the smallest degree, instrumental in enforcing a law which 
concieves, as in itself, shaking at the very foundation of our liberties, and, if 
carried into execution, must render our posterity unhappy, and ourselves con- 
temptible. In the opinion of all men who are the least acquainted with a 
British constitution, as we shall, in that case, no longer be free, but merely 
the property of those whom we formerly looked upon only as our fellow sub- 

*' Permit us. Sir, to add that we still hope his Majesty and Parliament 
will change their measures and suffer us to enjoy our ancient privileges, and 
if we should incur the displeasure of our Sovereign by thus endeavoring to as- 
sert our rights, we should look upon it as one of the greatest misfortunes 
which could befall us. 

''We do heartily and sincerely wish his Majesty a long and happy reign 
over us, and that there never may be wanting a Prince, or* the illustrious 
House of Hanover, to succeed him in his dominions, that your Honour may 
continue to enjoy the favor of our Sovereign, long govern the people of this 
ancient and loyal colony, and that the people may again be as happy under 
your mild and gentle administration as they have formerly been, is what we 
iuost devoutlv pray for. 

N. Pendleton, William Williams, Wm. Green, 

Robert Green, John Strother, Thomas Scott, 

John Slaughter, Henry Pendleton, Benj. Roberts, 

W. Eastham, Geo. Wetherall, Dan'l Brown, 

Ambrose Powell, Wni. Brown, * Henry Field, Jr., 

Joseph Wood." 





Among: the early settlers of what is now Culpei^er county, was William 
Rice, who came some time before the county was organized. In volume 17, of 
the patent records in Richmond, paj?e 120, is a deed from Georpre II etc., to 
William Rice, for four hundred acres of land in the forks of the Rapid Ann, in 
the county of Orange, beginning at four pines on a point on a branch of Dark 
Run. This deed is dated July 29, 1736, and is signed by William Gooch. 

Orange county, at that time, included all of what is now Culpeper. From 
it Culpeper was formed in 1748. William Rice was a son of Thomas Rice, who 
came to America in the latter part of the 17th century, and who is mentioned 
in the following manner, in the meu^oirs of Rev. David Rice, published by 
Thomas T. Skillman, Lexington, Ky., ±824, pp. 420. 

"Thomas Rice was an Englishman by birth, of Welsh extraction. He was 
an early adventurer into Virginia; where he spent the first part of his life 
is not certainly known. In the latter part of his life he owned 
a small plantation in the lower part of what is now (1824) called Han- 
over county. Here he left his wife, with nine sons and three daughters, and 
went to England to receive a considerable estate which had been left him, but 
returned no more. The sailors reported that he died at sea. It is supposed 
that he was assassinated. No return was ever made of the property after 
which he had gone, and his family were left destitute in a Strang 
land.'' »»***» .^The family being left without an 
earthly father, were distressed, but they were, in the good providence of God, 
provided for. The greater part moved about thirty miles farther up the conn 
try, where they procured a small plantation, on which they raised numeroas 
families; four or five of them became serious professors of religion, and were 
succeeded in their religious profession by a considerable number of their 
children."— pp. 18 and 14. His wife, '*was esteemed truly a religious woman,'* 
pp. 33. Among those descendants, who moved North, was William Rice, of 

In Patent Book 8 of the same Records, page 261, is recorded a patent from 
Sir Edmond Andros, Kt., their Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor General 
etc.," to Thomas Rice for land lying in **King8ton Parish, in Gloucester coun- 
ty, said land being due unto said Thomas Rice by and for the importation of 
one person into this colony." Dated the 29th day of April, 169^^. This Thomas 
Rice was probably the one who was father of William Rice, of Culpeper. In 
the same records, vol. 17, pp. 132, is recorded a deed from George II, King, etc., 
to Thomas Rice, for 1200 acres of land in Hanover county, on both sides of 
Cub Creek and Dirty Swamp, bounded by the lands of Col. David Meriwether, 
David an(i William Meriwether, James Goodall, and Richard Brooks. This is 
probably the place where thJs Thomas Rice lived in the latter part of his life. 


The last will and testament of William Rice was probated and recorded in 
Culpeper county the 17th day of April, 1780. It was dated the 9th day of 
February, 1780. He divided his property about equally between his children, 
Richard, John, Benajah, Hannah Rice, Ann Graves, wife of John Graves, and 
Sarah Graves, wife of Edward Graves. In his will is the following provision, 
**I lend to my beloved wife, Sarah Rice, one- half of my estate during her natu- 
ral life." After that it was to be divided equally between his children. He 
appointed Benajah, John, and Richard Rice, his sons, and John Graves, his 
son-inlaw, his executors. Among the property inventoried are slaves, horses, 
cattle, sheep, hogs, plantation tools, six spinning wheels, two looms, one cop- 
per still, a desk, warming pan, books of sundry kinds, valued at £70, money 
scales, cash in metal £7, 13s. 9d., cash in paper £55, 8s., punch bowls, valued at 
£16. He gave the copper still to his unmarried daughter. Perhaps bethought 
she would be leas likely to misaae it. The fact that ''money scales" were consider- 
ed a part of the equipment of a plantation would seem to indicate that coin, 
or metal money, as it is called in this inventory, was valued according to its 
weight in those days. 

John Rice, one of the sons of William Rice, removed to the valley of Shen- 
andoah. He obtained ther« a large tract of land about six miles long. Built a 
log cabin upon it, and there went back. He married Mary Finney. Upon his 
marriage his father made the newly married couple a wedding present of a 
set of silver spoons, marked W. R., the initials of the donor. If they were 
marked on purpose for the occasion it shows a different custom in marking 
wedding presents from that which now prevails. These spoons are still in the 
possession of some of their descendants. After marrying, he returned to 
Rockingham county, lived and died there, and his will was admitted to pro- 
bate there A. D. 1804. He willed all of his land and slaves to his wife during 
her life, to be divided, at her death, amonst his children, except his daughter, 
who had married James Snaden, and gone to Bourbon county, Ky. He had prob- 
ably given her her share when she went to Kentucky. John Rice, shortly after 
hisreturn to Rockingham county, and about the year 1770 to 1779, built his 
new house, which is still standing, and is in good order and occupied. The 
roof i« a little steeper than 4r) degrees. The first roof was on the house seven- 
ty-one years. It was made of yellow pine shingles, about three quarters of an 
ineh thick, pinned on with locust pins. There is a cellar under the whole house, 
part of which was used as a kitchen, and part of it for a store-room, for bacon 
and whiskey. Almost every large plantation, in those days, had its own difc- 
tillery and ir»ade the whiskey for the use of the plantation, and, according to 
modern standards, they used too much. The cellar walls and fireplaces were 
built of brick, which was not usual at that time. The house is a frame one. 
It is weather-boarded with siding, 6 inches wide, and little more than half an 
inch thick, of yellow pine. All the lumber in the house was sawed out by 
hand with whip-saws. Every one of the weatherboards has a bead rnn on 
the edge for ornament. The siding is nailed on witli wrought iron nails, 
which still show the mark of the blacksnuth's hammer. The doors are six 
panel doors, and the window blinds are made the same way. All the binges 
are wrought iron, made by hand, and also show the marks of the blacksmith's 
hammer. There is a profusion of moulding all through the house. It was 
the first frame house lathed, plastered and weather-boarded and painted in all 
that region. It is in good order now, much better than Thomas Jefferson's, 
which was built sixteen years later. This house was called ''The Painted 
House," and that part of the country was called ''The Painted House Neigh- 
borhood," houses painted on the outside being so rare. The neighborhood is 
sometimes known yet among the old settlers, as "The Painted House Neigh- 


borhood," though this house lost all its paint long ago, and has not received 
a new application lately. The Rices of Rockingham county are buried in the 
Dayton burying ground, commencing at the South side of the graveyard and 
extending Northward. First is old Mrs. Finney, who came over from Acco- 
mac county, or Culpeper, to live with her daughter, Mary, and son-in-law, 
John Rice. Next to her is John Rice; then Mary, his daughter; then Ursula 
Gaines Rice; then Mary Finney Rice, the wife of John; then three or four 
children; then William Rice, John's oldest son, who is the first one who has a 
lettered tombstone. The rest have just plain stones from the creek. Wil- 
liam's gravestone is marked as follows: "William Rice, born July 27th, 1779, 
and departed this life August 2nd, 1838. Aged 59 years and 6 days." Benajah 
Rice, brother of John Rice, also obtained land in the same county, and ad- 
joining John. He never lived there himself, but some of his children did, and 
some of his descendants are living there now. The Mary Finney, whom this 
John Rice married, belonged to the family of Finneys who have lived, for the 
last 250 years or more, in Accomac county, on the eastern shore of Virginia. 
There is a place now, called ''Finney," and a place called "Finney's Wharf." 
Honorable Louis C. H. Finney was a member of the Virginia Senate a few 
years ago, and was well versed in the history of the Finney family. It iis prob- 
able that William Rice was an Episcopalian; also his son, John Rice, and 
probably his daughter-in-law, were. An old negro slave, called "Lark," was 
born on the property of this John Rice, and was baptized, as all the other 
slaves born on the plantation were, after the fashion of the patriarch. Abra- 
ham, who baptized his whole family, including all his servants. This old ne- 
gro was made free by Ann Hopkins Rice, a daughter-in-law of John Rice, who 
inherited him, and he died in Illinois about 1803, living with one of John 
Rice's grandsons. Except these, nearly all of the Rice family, including even 
the descendants of these, were, and are, Presbyterians. 

David Rice, who was sometimes called the '^Apostle of Kentucky," and 
who was instrumental in the founding of Hampden and Sidney College, 
Virginia, and of the Transylvania University, Kentucky, and the Danville 
Theological Seminary, Kentucky, was the first moderator of the 
first Presbytery, and the first moderator of the first Synod of 
Kentucky, and a member of the first constitutional convention of Ken- 
tucky, was a nej)hew of William Rice, of Culpeper. Benjamin Rice, David's 
brother, was a lawyer, of Bedford county, Virginia, whose son, John Holt 
Rice, D. 1)., was the first pastor of Richmond Memorial church, and first Pro- 
fessor of Christian Theology in Union Theological Seminary, Virginia, and 
once moderator of the Presbyterian General Assembly Another son, Benja 
min Holt Rice, was a professor in Princeton, and was once moderator of the 
Presbyterian General Assembly. Nathan Lewis Rice, D. D., also one of the 
descendants of this Thomas Rice, was once a moderator of the General Asseui 
bly, and was a theological professor. Quite a large per cent of the Rice family 
have been, and are lawyers, ministers of the Gospel, or doctors of meoicine. 

The Rices, when living in Wales, had a Coat of Arms, of which the widow 
of Izard Bacon Rice long ago had a copy. The widow of John Holt Rice, D. 
D., who died in 1831, also had a copy. Mrs. Sara A. Pry or, a prominent mem 
ber of the Daughters of the American Revolution, wife of General Roger A. 
Pryor, late Justice of the Supreme Court, New York, now has a copy. Mrs. 
Pryor is a descendant of Thomas Rice, of Hanover. 

The Rice motto was '^Fides Non Timet." In the old days, when written 
in Welsh, the name was spelled "Rhys," though even then, when written in 
English, it was often si)elled, as now, "Rice.'' 



By John Strode Barbour. 

[The following ^enealo^y of the Barbour family was received too late to 
be plaeed in St. Mark's proper, in which Dr. Slaughter's sketch of the Bar- 
bour family is printed.—R. T. G.] 

There is some confusion as to the name of the first emigrant and founder 
of the Barbour family in Virginia, or rather who was the emigrant of this par- 
ticular family. All traditions seem to give their extraction as Scotch, and the 
time of coming to this country as about the middle of the 17th century. Some 
traditions give William Barbour, who was said to have been a younger son of 
the Baron of Mulderg, and who was County Lieutenant of York in 1656, and 
also one of the commission appointed by the governor, Sir William Berkley, in 
1660, to superintend the erection of the State house at Jamestown, as the first 
emigrant (See Hardesty's Historical and Geographical Encyclopedia [1884] p. 
358), while others give James Barbour, a Scotch merchant. One tradition, in 
connection with this last theory, is that, on arriving in Virginia, James Bar- 
bour established a home on a plantation, since famous as the seat, for genera- 
tions, of another distinguished Virginia family. That he there married a Miss 
Taliaferro, and died, leaving an infant son, James, and a widow. That the 
widow re-married, and by some means the issue of this second marriage, who 
was almost an imbecile, became the owner of the entire Barbour property. 
He was a great gambler, and soon squandered it. The only form of gambling 
he had intellect sufficient to engage in was '^pusli pins", and he is reported to 
have lost the homestead upon the issue of a single game. However true this 
tradition may be, the son, James, left the home of his childhood after his 
father's death, and came to Culpeper near the end of the first quarter of the 
18th century, and settled finally in Culpeper county. It was here that he 
lived, and died, and was buried. The tombstone marking his grave is still 
standing at Smith's Cottage, the old homestead, now in Madison county. 
This second James, spoken of by Dr. Slaughter as the first, was a vestryman 
of St. Mark's Parish at its organization in 1781. Probably the most authentic 
account of the founder of the Virginia family, now attainable, is the following 
exiX/BLGt from the bible of Governor James Barbour, entered therein in his own 
handwriting, under date of June 6tli, 1806. It will be observed that he makes 
no reference to William Barbour, and no claim to descent from titled ances- 
tors, but seems rather to emphasize the fact that his ancestors were ''farmers 
or yeomen". It will be observed also that he refers to the defeat of the expec- 
tions of the second James, by reason of the re-marriage of his mother. He 
says: **The farthest back that 1 have been able to trace, with any certainty, 
is my great grandfather, who came over to this country from Scotland, in the 
17th century. He came in the character of a merchant, and was wrecked on 
his first adventure. His friends, as stated by tradition, being rich, furnished 
him with a new cargo, which he turned to a profitable account in (I believe) 
the county of King and Queen. He had issue, only one son, whom' he called 
after himself, James, who intermarried with Sarah Todd, of a most respecta- 
ble family. My grandfather's prospects in life were considerably blasted by 
the second marriage of his mother, an usual concomitant of such connections 
with the wreck of his expectations. He was either the first or second settler 
in this country; I mean the South West Mountains. 1 am certain he was the 
fii*8t inhabitant of this neighborhood, which was at first about the plantation 
now in the occupancy of the Newman family, that being the place of rei^i- 
dence from which he moved to a place nearer the river that belonged to 
William Johnson. He had issue, five sons, and three daughters * * *, 
My father Thomas, as well as his father, were farmers or yeomen." In the 


obituary notice of his distinguished prreat grandson, Ju(Jge Philip Pendleton 
Barbour, published in Vol. 16, Peters' U. S. Supreme Court reports, it is said: 
**His (Judge Barbour's) great grandfather was a merchant of Scotland, who 
emigrated to this country. His grandfather (the second James) was the 
founder and.first settler of the country lying between the eastern bajse of the 
Blue Ridge and the South West Mountains.*' While it is possible that the 
first James, instead of being the emigrant, was a son of a grand son of the 
William Barbour, above mentioned, in the following chart this James Bar- 
bour is treated as the founder of the family. 

[In order that any errors or omissions, found in this account of the Bar- 
bour family, may be corrected in any future editions, the publisher request* 
that any such may be reported to John S. Barbour, Culpeper, Va. The names 
in parenthesis denote the line of descent. Thus : "Gabriel Barbour (Thos., 
Jas., Jas., Jas.,) signifies that Gabriel Barbour was the son ot Thomas, the 
grandson of James, and so on. — R. T. Gf.]. 

James Barbour emigrated from Scotland in the 17th. century; settled 
in King and Queen, or in Gloucester county; married Miss Taliaferro, and had 
but one son, James, erroneously called James, the first, by Dr. Slaughter, who 
was "defeated of his expectancy'' by the second marriage of his mother. 

James Barbour (James.) m. twice; first Elizabeth Todd, by whom he had 
one son, Richard, who never married. His second wife was Sarah Todd, proba- 
bly a sister of the first. He was presiding justice of the Culpeper county 
court in 1764, and died in 1775 in Culpeper county. His widow, Sarah, died in 
1781. Their wills are both recorded in Culpeper county, and show them both 
to have been posessed of large estates. There were by the second marriage 
five sons: James, Thomas, Philip, Ambrose, and William, and four daughters, 
as follows : Mary, Fanny, Betty, and ,who m. James Boyd. 

James Barbour (James, James.) m. Frances Throckmorton, of Glouces- 
ter county. He was a member of the House of Burgesses from Culpeper in 
1764, County Lieutenant of the militia of Culpeper county in 1775, an oflScer 
in the revolutionary army, and was also a judge of the first court ever held in 
Kentucky, being the head of a commission appointed by the Legislature of 
Virginia to settle disputed land titles. His children were* 1. Mordecai, who 
m. Elizabeth Strode; 2. James who died unmarried; 3. Thomas, m. Mary Tay- 
lor; 4. Richard, m. Mary Moore; 5. Gabriel; 6. Philip, m. 1st. Lucy Taylor, 2nd. 
Eliza Hopkins; 7. Prancas, m. John Moore; 8. Sarah, m. Col. John (or James) 
Harrison; 9. Mary, m. Col. David Walker, who was for years a member of Con- 
gress: 10. Lucy, m. Wythe Baylor. 

Ambrose Barbour (James, James.) lived in Orange county, where he 
married Catherine Thomas, a sister of Mary Pendleton Thomas, who married 
his brother, Thomas Barbour. They afterwards moved to Kentucky. Their 
children were : 1. Philip, who died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1794 unmarried; 
2. Major James Barbour, of Kentucky, m. Letitia Green; 3. Lucinda, m. Benj. 
Hardin; 4. Richard Barbour, of Kentucky; and 5. Lucy m. Mr. Davis, and 
went South. Major James Barbour was an officer in the war of. 1812. His 
wife, Letitia Green, was a daughter of Willis Green (Duflf, Robert). Their 
children were : 1. Catherine, m. J. Wesley Vick, of Vicksburg, and had Kate, 
Martha, Nannie, Amanda; 2. James Barbour, a banker of Maysville, Ken- 
tucky, who m. Elizabeth Foster, of Maysville, and had Jam^s F. Barbour, 
who m. Elizabeth Taylor, and Rev. John Green Foster Barbour, a Preshy- 
terian minister of Gillery county, Kentucky; 3. Martha, m. Rev. B. M. Hobson, 
having Barbour and Lewis Green; 4. Rev. Lewis Green Barbour, m. Elizabeth 
Ford, of Riciluuond, Kentucky, and had several children. He is the an- 

tlior of a poem, entitled "The End of Time," which has attracted a good deal 
of favorable criticism. Lucinda and Benjamin Hardin had a daughter, Mary, 

who m. Letcher. Their descendants, as well as those of this Richard, and 

of Lucy, who married Davis, are unknown. 

Thomas Barbour (James, James.) m. Mary Pendleton Thomas,of Orange, 
(a sister of Catherine Thomas, who married his brother Ambrose). Their chil- 
dren were : 1. Richard; 2. James; 3. Thomas. (Richard and Thomas both died 
in their youth). 4. Lucy T.; 5. Phillip P.; 6. Nelly; 7. Mary, or Polly; 8. Sally. 
Nelly died unmarried in 1798. He was a member of the House of Burgesses 
from Orange county, and signed the non-importation act, of 1769, between 
this country and Great Britain, and after the formation of the union, was a 
member of the Legislature. Richard Henry Lee, in a letter to his brother, 
Arthur Lee, wrote that he was glad that Thomas Barbour was in our State 
CJouncils, "for he was a truly intelligent and patriotic man." 

Philip Barbour (James, James.) m. and left one child, name unknown, 

Mary Barbour (James, James.) m. John Harrison. They had one daugh- 
ter, who married a Mason, and their son, James Barbour Mason, at one time 
represented Garrard county in the Kentucky Legislature. He married a 
daughter of Hugh Logan, and their son, James B. Mason, was clerk of Gar- 
rard county, Kentucky, and now (1899) lives in Lancaster. 

Fanny Barbour (James, James.) m Smith. Of this family was Geo. 

A. Smith, who sold the old Barbour homestead. Smithes Cottage, and movea 
to Texas before the Civil War. His older brother was Dr. Cam R. Smith, of 
Galveston, Texas. Mrs. Jeremiah Morton was their sister. Their mother was 
Mildred Glassel. Mildred, the only child of Mrs. Jeremiah Morton, m. J. J. 
. Halsey, a prominent lawyer of Orange county. R. Ogden Halsey, and J. Mor- 
ton Halsev, of Orange, are her children. 

Bktty Barbour (James, James.) m. Benjamin Johnson. They bad two 
daughters : Lucy, m. her first cousin, James Barbour (Thomas, James, James), 
and Frances Todd Johnson, m. his brother, Philip Pendleton Barbour. 

Barbour (James, James,) m. James Boyd. They had a son, James 

Boyd, whose descendants, if any, are unknown. 

Mordecai Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Elizabf^th Strode, a 
daughter of John Strode, of "Fleetwood'' in Culpeper county. John Strode 
was master of the gun factory near Falmouth, Virginia, which was largely in- 
strumental in supplying arms to the Virginia troops in the revolutionary war. 
The Strodes are said to have been of French Hugeuot extraction. John 
Strode came to Culpeper from King George county. Mordecai Barbour was 
in the Revolutionary army, and drew a pension for military services therein. 
The children of Mordecai Barbour, and Elizabeth Strode, were : 1. John 
Strode Barbour, m. Eliza A. Byrne; 2. Frances, m. Judge Henry Minor, of Ala- 
bama; 3. Ann, or ^ancy, m. Dr. Thomas Gist, of Kentucky; 4. Maria, m. Col. 
Tillinghast, of South Carolina, and afterwards married Col. J. B. Hogan, who 
was collector of the port of Mobile, Alabama; 6. Mordecai, who died unmarried. 
After the death of his wife, Elizabeth, Mordecai Barbour married Sally Byrne 
(nee Haskell), who was the widow of James Byrne, of Petersburg, and the 
mother of Eliza A. Byrne, the wife of his son, John 8: Barbour. Mordecai 
Barbour died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Minor, of Alabama, Jan. 4th. 
1846, in his 82nd. year. 

Thomas Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Mary Taylor, a daughter of 
Capt. James Taylor, Clerk of Orange county, March 22nd, 1787. This James 
Taylor was the oldest son of the well known Col. George Taylor, of Orange, 
who was commissioned Colonel by Governor Dinwiddle in 1755, and who had 


nine sons in the revolutionary army, and had himself been a Burgess and a 

member of of th« convention of 1776. Captain Taylor moved to Kentucky 

about 1798 or '99, giving up his clerkship to a half brother. Thomas Barbour 

and his wife also moved to Kentucky aboux the same time, and had seven 

children : 1. James. 2. (rabriel; 8. Nathaniel; 4. Ann; 5. Lucy; 6. Fanny; and?. 


Philip Barbour (J imes, James, James.) Was a colonel in the war of 
1812, m. 1st. Lucy Taylor, no issue : m. 2nd. Elizabeth Hopkins, of Henderson 
City, Kentucky, a daughter of General Samuel Hopkins. Issue, five children : 
1. Lucy, m. Dr. Glass, of Henderson, Ky; 2. Elizabeth, m. Wm. L. Jones, of 
Memphis; 3. Major Philip Norborne Barbour; 4. Samuel Barbour, m. Miss 
Clay, and left no issue; o. James Mordecai Barbour, m. Miss Lydia A. Scott. 

Richard Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Mary, daughter of Major 
Wm. Moore, of Oranpre. They had the following children : 1. Maria, m. Jack 
Taylor; 2. Eliza, m. Robert M. Taylor; 3. Lucy, m. Col. Alexander; 4. James, 
who died single. 

Frances Barbour ( James, James, James.) m. John Moore, of Orange, 
son of Major William Moore, and Mary Throckmorton, August 1st. 1798. Is- 
sue : James Barbour, b. March 8th., 1800; 2. William Catlett,b. February 13th., 
1802, m. Matilda R. Taylor; 3. John Throckmorton b. 1807, m. Mary Crutch- 
.fleld; 4. Gabriel Barbour, b. December 10th., 1810; 5. Richard Barlwur, b. 

March 28th., 1814, m. 1st. Mallory, m. 2nd. Susan Crump; 6. FraDces 

Throckmorton, b. December 25th., 1816, m. A. G. Crutchfield. 

Lucy Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Wythe Baylor, had a daugh- 
ter Lucy, who m. Gabriel Barbour, son of Thomas Barbour (James, James). 

Sarah Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Col. John (James) Harrison, 
and had two children : James, m. Miss Talbot, having five children, names 
not known, and Lucy, m. Davis. 

Mary Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Col. David Walker, who was 
a member of Congress from Kentucky for years. They left seven children : 
1. Mary, m. Col. R. K. Meade; 2. Fannie, m Humphrey Gwynn; 3. Helen m. 

Browder; 4. James Volney; 5. Jefferson Walker; 6. George Walker; and 

7. David Walker. The two latter were leading lawyers of Tallahassee, Fla., 
and both left families. James and Jefferson died without issue. 

James Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Lucy, daughter of Benja- 
min Johnson and Bettie Barbour. Resided in Orange county, Virginia. Wa» 
a representative in Congress from ^^irginia from 1815 until he resigned in 1825. 
Was Secretary of War, and Minister to England under John Quincy Adams' 
administration, and Governor of Virginia during the war of 181'3. His chil- 
dren were : 1. Benjamin Johnson, died in 18*^0 at 20 years of age; 2. James, who 
died in 1857 without issue; 3. Benjamin Johnson, b. 1821, m. Caroline Watson; 
4. Lucy, m John Seymour Taliaferro; 5. Frances Cornelia, m. Wm. Handy 
Collins, of Baltimore. 

Philip Pkndleton Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) was a brother of 
Governor James Barbour, and married a sister of his wife, Frances Todd John- 
son, and earned equal distinction with his distinguished brother. He was 
V)orn May 25th.. 1788; was a member of the Virginia Assembly in 1812. In 1814 
was elected to Congress, and continued therein until 1825, and was chosen 
speaker of the House in 1821. He was a lawyer of great distinction; was offer 
ed the professorship of law at the University of Virginia by Mr. Jefferson, but 
declined it, and was appointed a judge of the General Court of Virginia. In 
'1827 he resigned, and was re-eleeted to Congress without opposition. In 1829 
he, together with ex-President Madison, represented Orange county in the 

Constitutional Convention of that year, and on the death of ex-President Mon- 
roe, succeeded him as president of that distinguished body. In 1880 he was 
appointed U. S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Viriarinia. He de- 
clined the post of Attornej' General, and refused nominations for a seat on the 
Court of Appeals of Virginia, for the gubernatorial chair, and the Senate of 
the United States, but in 1886 accepted an appointment as a Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, and held this position until his death in 
1842 (16 Peters). His children were : 1. Philippa, m. Judge R. H. Field; 2. 
Elizabeth, m. J. J. Ambler; 3. Dr. Thomas; 4. Edmund Pendleton; 5. Quintus; 
6. Sextus; 7. Septimus, died without issue. 

KiCHARD Barbour (Thomas, James, James) Issue unknown. 

Mary Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Daniel Bryan, of Harrison- 
burg, Virginia. Issue : 1. Mary Anna, m. Lathrop; 2. Caroline, m. Judge 

Wylie, of Washinton; 8. Sally, m. Brown: 4. Thomas; 5. William. 

Lucy Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Thomas Newman, of Orange 
county. Issue : 1. Veranda, m. Nathaniel Welch; 2. Lucetta, m. James Madison 
Macon; 8. James B., m. Sallie Battle Fitzhugh. 

Nelly M. Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Martin Nalle, Issue : 
1. Philip P., m. Elizabeth Wallace, of King George, and had the following 
children : G. B. W., m. Nannie Porter, P. P. Jr., Robert Mason, Fanny, m. 
C. Y. Steptoe, and Mary Fenton, wife of Douglas G. Somerville, all of whom 
reside in Culpeper county, except Mason, who lives in Washington D. C; 2. 
Cordelia U. T., m. Joseph Hiden, father of Rev. J. C. Hiden, D. D., (Baptist), 
and Philip B. Hiden. of Fluvanna. J. C. Hiden m. Bessie Chewning, of Flu- 
vanna, and has four children as follows : Anna, wife of Ira F. Davis, of 
Charleston, W. Va., Joseph H. Hiden, m. Nellie Battle, of Aecomac, Robert C. 
Hiden, managing Editor of the Richmond Times, and Grace, wife of Edward 
Wilkinson, of Birmingham, Alabama. P. B. Hiden m. Bettie H. Goodwin, of 
Louisa, and has six children as follows : George C. Hiden, of Brandy Station, 
Philip W. Hiden, of Newport News, Nannie M., Elizabeth, Martin Barbour, 
and William Conway; 8. Edmonia Nalle, m. William Major, the father of Wil- 
liam Major, who m. Laura M. Spindle, Samuel Major, who m., and Philip Ma- 
jor, u\ Anna L. Hill of Culpt-per; 4. Fanny Nalle, m. John C. Hansborough, a 
prominent lawyer, whose children are : Bettie C. Hansborough, of Upper 
Marlboro, Md., and Nellie Hansborough, of Virginia; 5. Martinet Nalle, m. 
Blucher W. Hansborough, of **Cole s Hill," where she still lives; 6. Lucetta 
Nalle, who m. George Booton, of Madison. He represented Madison in the 
Virginia Legislature, and left but one child, Moliie, who m. W. J. Cave, for 
years treasurer of Madison county. Their children are : Belle, Mary, m. 
Lucio Hill, Eloise, George, Noi*ma, Roy, Herbert; 7. Jane Nalle, m. Edward M. 
Clarke, of Washington, D. C, and had Edwin M. Clarke, Jas. Clarke< and 

Florence, who m. Haldiman, of the Louisville Courier Journal; 8. Dr. 

Richard Thomas Nalle, lu. Miss Hooe, of Fauquier. Their children were : Jas., 
Edmund P., m. 1st. Miss Wallace, who left one child, m. 2nd. Kate Robertson 
of Culpeper, by whom there are four or five children, and Mary D., m. James 
Belt, of Upper Marlboro, Md., and Bettie Rice, m. C. C. Magruder, of Maryland; 
9. Sarah Ellen Nalle, m. Col. Garrett Scott, father of Rev. F. G. Scott, of Gor- 
densville, Nellie Scott. J. M. Scott, Edward Scott, Thomas Scott, and W. W. 
S(»x)tt, the present State Librarian; 10. Mary Nalle, m. Richard H. Willis, hav- 
ing Byrd Willis, who m. a daughter of John Willis, Philip Willis, of Mississip- 
pi, Fanny, wife of Dr. Madison, of Orange, Rosa Willis, wife of Benton Willis, 
of Mississippi, Elizabeth, m. , Lucy Willis, who died unmarried, Bar- 
bour Willis, who m. a Miss Hunton, of Fauquier, and died in Dakota, Richard 


H. Willis, who m. Elizabeth Hall of Syracuse, N. Y., having Richard L. and 
Katharine Murat, who died 1899, and Nellie M. who m. Martin Stringfellow, 
having Rittenhouse. Byrd, Willis, R. Stanton, Anne S., m. Taylor, Champe, 

C, m.— Taylor; 11. B. Johnson Nalle; 12. Jauies Barbour Nalle, neither of 

whom ever married. 

Sally Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Gabriel Gray, of Culpeper, is- 
sue: 1. Rebecca, wife of Shelcon F. Leake, a distinguished lawyer and debater, 
and the father of Shelton F. Leake, of Tyler, Texas, who m. Kate Nelson, a 
daughter of Mr. Lewis P. Nelson, of Culpeper; 2. Martha, m. Wm. L. Ander- 
son, who was killed at the battle of Seven Pines. Their children were: John 
R., of tlie University of Virginia, and Richard, who died at Charlottesville in 
1899, leaving two infant children; 3. Philippa, m. R. W. Anderson. Their 
children are Rev. John Gray (Presbyterian), of Tampa, Florida, Lucy, who 
lives with him, and Martha; 4. Lucy, m. James B. Cowles. She died about 
1861, leaving one daughter, Florence; 5. Dr. John Gray, who died at Brents- 
ville, unmarried, in 1851. 

John S. Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. Elizabeth Byrne, 
of Petersburg. Was a lawyer and orator of distinction, and represented Vir 
ginia in the U. S. House of Representatives from about 1821 to 1831. Was a 
member of the constitutional convention of 1829, and presided over the Demo- 
cratic National Convention that nominated Franklin Pierce for the presiden- 
cy. His children were: 1. Sally, who never married; 2. John S. Barbour, for 
years president of the O. & A. R. R. Co., afterwards the Virginia Midland, a 
representative in congress from Virginia: conducted the cam paign? that crash- 
ed the power of the coalition between the Republican and Readjuster parties 
in Virginia, and was afterwards elected to the U. S. Senate, of which body he 
was a member at the time of his death, in May, 1892. His wife was Susan Dau- 
gerfield, of Alexandria. They had no children; 3. James Barbour, m. Fanny 
T., a daughter of Coleman C. Beckham, of Culpeper. He represented Cul- 
peper repeatedly in the Legislature. Was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention of 1849, and of the secession convention. He was also a member of the 
Peace Commission. During the civil war he was for a time Adjutant General 
on General EwelPs staflf, but was con»pelled to resign by reason of health. He 
died in 1895, leaving seven children, as follows: EUie B., wife of Hon. John P. 
Rixey, at present a representative in Congress from Virginia; Mary B., wife of 
Prof. Clarence B. Wallace, of Nashville, Tenn., James Barbour, of San Joa- 
quin Co.. Cal., John S. Barbour, a lawyer of Culpeper, who m. Mary, dausrb- 
ter of Judge D. A. Grimsley, of Culpeper, Edwin Barbour, of St. Louis, Mo., 
who m. Josie, daughter of Alex. McDonald, ex-senator from Arkansas, A. 
Floyd Barbour, of Nashville, Tenn., and Fanny C, wife of B. Collins Beck- 
ham, of Culpeper county: 4. Major Alfred M. Barbour, who was commandant 
of the Arsenal at Harper's Ferry at the time of the John Brown raid, a mem- 
ber of the secession convention, and was Gen. Joseph E. Johnston^s Quarter- 
master General during the war. He died at Montgomery, Ala., in 1866. Hib 
wife was Kate Daniel, of Jefferson county, Virginia. His children died in in- 
fancy; 5. Eliza B., the wife of Capt. George G. Thompson, of Culpeper; she 
died in 1887, leaving the following children: J. S. B. Thompson, a promint^nt 
general oflBcer of the Southern Ry. Co., with headquarters at Atlanta, Ga., 
who m. Mary, daughter of Col. Morton Marye, Auditor of Virginia, Lelia 
Thompson, Annie, the wife of Rev. J. G. Minnegerode, rector of Calvary Epis- 
copal church, Louisville, Ky., Richard C. Thompson, lawyer, of Washington, 

D. C, Eliza B.. of Culpeper, George G. Thompson, Jr., also prominent among 
the So. Ry., officials, at Raleigh, N. C, and Ruth, the wife of John Hanckle, 
of Roanoke, Virginia; 6. Edwin Barbour, who died unmarried in 1892. 


Frances Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. at Petersburg, 
Virginia, Sept. 14th., 1809, Judge Henry Minor, who was a judge of the Su- 
preme Court of Alabama; issue: 1. Henr>% b. July 7th, 1810, d. at sea November 
1&5th., 1839; 2. Mordecai, d. in infancy; 3. Ann Virginia, b. August 23rd., 1814, m. 
John Gilliam Friend, of Mobile, Alabama, d. March 5th., 1884 Issue : Fanny 
Friend, of Mobile, Alabama. Eliza, who died in 1898, Maria, who died in 1878, 
V^irginia Friend, of Mobile^ Henry Minor Friend, of Mobile, m. Amanda Moore, 
Mary Minge Friend, m. James D. Harwell, and lives at Meridian, Mississippi, 
John Gilliam Friend, m. Lulu H. Dunn, died in 1890. and Alice Friend, who 
died in 1854, L Eliza Barbour, b. December 12th., 1816, died in 1842, unmarried; 
5. Frances Cosby, b. Jan. 16th., 1819, died March 4th., 1846; 6. Maria, b. July 
23rd., 1820, m. Dr. Ezra F. Bouchelle, having Fanny Minor, Maria Barbour, 
Ezra Fiske, m. Sally Gould, Philip Minor, Henry Minor, Benjamin Rush, Lu- 
cy, Amanda, John Friend, and Henry Tutwiler, m. Innes Gould. Ezra Fiske 
Bouchelle and Sal lie Gould, his wife, have issue: Delia 'T., Maria Minor, 
Annie B., Sallie G., Fannie M., Ezra T., Jessie C, and Bessie Innes. Henry 
Tutwiler Bouchelle, and Innes Gould, his wife, have issue as follows : Delia 
F., Henry T., John McK. G., and Lucy Minoh The Bouchelles and Goulds 
reside in Boligee, Green county, Ala.; 7. Louisa, b. September 22nd., 1822, m. 

; 8, Mordecai Lafayette, b. April 22nd., 1824, m. Hattie Fleming, died at 

Elmira, N. Y., a prisoner after the close of the civil war. Left one son, John 
Launcelot Minor; 9. John Launcelot, b. June 3rd., 1826, died in Mobile, Ala., 
in 1855; 10. Philip P. B., b. Jan. 23rd., 1828, m. Eliza Perry, died June, 1884. 
Their issue were" : Lucy Barbour, Fannie Friend, m. Dr. E. P. Riggs, a prom- 
inent physician of Birmingham, Ala , Mary Perry, Caro Boddie, m. Rev. J. Y. 
Penn, Philip Barbour, of Eutaw, Ala., and Elsie; 11 Lucy Landon Barbour, 
m. Dr. Joseph C. Hamilton. Their issue were : Joseph Courten, Henry Mi- 
nor, Frances Barbour, who m. Richard B. Shepherd, of Mt. Vernon, Alabama, 
and Charlotte Anna, who m. Isaac B. Swift. The children of Henry M. Friend 
and Amanda Moore, . are : Anne Virginia and Henry Minor. John Gilliam 
Friend and Loula Dunn Friend left one child, Ellen Trabue Friend. Fannie 
Minor, who m. Dr. E. P. Riggs, has three children : Philip Minor Riggs, Elise 
Kiggs, and Fannie Minor Riggs. Caro Boddie Minor, who m. J.V. Penn, has 
one child, Sailie Bouchelle Penn. Frances B. Hamilton, who m. Richard B. 
Shepherd, has seven children : Frederick, Joseph H., Richard, William, Lu- 
cian M., Frances B., and Tazewell. 

Maria Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. Col. Tillinghast, of 
South Carolina, and after his death m. Col. J. B. Hogan, of Mobile, Alabama, 
who was at one time collector of that port. She died without issue. 

Gabriel Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. Lucy Baylor, 
daughter of Wythe Baylor. They had one child, Winona, who m. Judge Cul- 
len, of Richmond, Virginia, having two children : George Appleton Cullen, of 
Chicago, 111., and Barbour Cullen. Mrs. Winona Cullen survives her husband, 
and lives in Chicago. 

Jambs Barbour (Thomas. James, James. James.) died single. 

Kathaniei^ Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. Miss Bowles, 

of Jefferson county, Ky., and had three children : Frank Barbour, Medona, 

who died single, and Mary Bethel, who m. . 

Lucy Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. James Locke, and 
left no children. 

Sallib Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Brown, of Ken- 
tucky, had six children, of whom only the name of one, Frank Brown, is 
known. After her death, her husband married a daughter of Bishop Meade, 
by whom he also had several children. 


Fanny Barbodr (Thomas, James, James, James.) died sin§rle. 

Ann Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. Charles M. Taylor, 
of Louisville, and had four children; Mary, Dr. Thomas W., Nathaniel, and 
Alfred. Nathaniel and Alfred died single. Mary m. Col. D. R. Burbank. 
Only one of their six children ever married, David R. Burbank, who married a 
daughter of Archibald Dixon, of Henderson. They had two children: Sue 
and Charlie. 

Lucy Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Dr. Glass, of Hender- 
son, Kentucky, had one son, Owen, who never married. He was in the Con- 
federate army, and was detected while scouting near Henderson, Ky., and was 
killed in his attempt to escape capture. 

Elizabeth Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Wm. L. Jones, 
and removed to Memphis, Tenn., where she still lives. Her husband died 
many years ago. Issue: 1. Alice, m. Henry Garth, of New York City; 2. 
Philip B., m. ElizA Garth. They live in Memphis; 3. Wm., m. Mattie Crump, 
and resides at Vicksburg, Miss.; 4. Eugene, unmarried; 5. Norbome, unmar- 
ried; 6. Lucy, m. Wm. Clapp, all of Memphis. Mre. Horace Garth has two 
children, Granville and Lena. Lena m.— -oFarth, and has two children. 

Philip Norborne Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. his first 
cousin, Martha, daughter of Jacob Hopkins. They left no issue. He was a 
West Point graduate, and a major in the regular army. Distinguished him- 
self in the Mexican war, and fell in the charge at Monterey. His remains are 
buried at Frankfort, Ky., and a monument, erected by the State, marks his 
resting place. 

Samuel Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Clay. They 

lived and died in Henderson county, Ky. Had two sons, who entered the 
Confederate army as boys, and both were killed in the service. Neither ever 

Jamrs Mordecai Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Lydia A. 
Scott, and both died at Henderson, Kentucky. They left one child, Anua 
Mordecai, m. Thomas F. Cheney, of Henderson, Ky. He died in 1898, she 
in 1892. They left six children as follows: Alice C, wife of Alfred McDaDiel, 
of Tampa, Florida, Ruth C, wife of Jas. M. Ringo, of Clinton, Kentucky, Miss 
Edith B., of Henderson, Kentucky, Philip B,, m. George Lee Allen, and re- 
sides in St. Louis, Mo., Harry T., of Princeton, Ky., and Robert B., of Hender- 
son, Ky. 

Maria Barbour (Richard, James, James, James.) m. Jack Taylor. 

Eliza Barbour (Richard, James, James.) m. J. P. Taylor (Robert M.), 
and had two children : Alonzo, and Robert T. They had no dt^scendants. 

Lucy Barbour (Richard, James, James, James.) m. Col. Alexander. 

They had no issue. 

James B. Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) died single in 1871. 

William Catlett Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) m. Matilda 
R. Taylor, a daughter of Dr. Charles Taylor, of Orange, and a surgeon in the 
Revolution. Issue : Charles (^atlett, Fanny Barbour, S&rah Barbour, James 
Mordecai, m. a Miss Andrews, and lives at Orange, C. H., John W., and Mar>' 

John Throckmorton Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) m. Ann P. 
Crutchfield, and had nine children. 

Gabriel Barbour Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) m. Miss 
Reynolds, of Clarke county, Kentucky, and had nine children. 

Richard Barbour Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) m. Ist. Mai 
lory, and 2nd. Susan Crump, who is still living. 

Francks Throckmorton Moore (Frances, James, James, James.) m. 
A. G. Crutchfield. She is now living at Evansville, Indiana, in the eighty 
fourth year of her age, in the full posession cf her health, bodily and mental- 
ly, and has recently rendered the writer most valuable assistance in tracing 
the various branches of the Barbour family. She has a daughter, the wife of 
William Field, of Evansville, Indiana, and a son, A. G. Crutchfield, of Smithes 
Mills, Kentucky. 

Lucy Barbour Baylor (Lucy, James, James, James.) m. Gabriel Bar- 
bour, (Thomas, James, James, James). 

James Harrison (Sarah, James, James, James.) m. Miss Talbot, They 
had five children, all of whom are now dead, and their descendants, if any, are 

Benjamin Johnson Barbour (James, Thomas, James, James.) b. 1821, 
in. Caroline H., daughter of the eminent Dr. George Watson, of Richmond, 
November 17th., 1844. He represented Orange in the State Legislature, and 
in 1805 was elected a representative in the Congress of the United States; was 
not permitted to take his seat, Virginia not having been sufficiently recon- 
structed. He was an orator of distinction, and a scholar of rare culture, and 
was for years Rector of the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia. 
He died about 1897, leaving the following children : George W. Barbour, 
Thomas Barbour, Caroline, the wife of Dr. J. H. Ellis, Elise, the wife of James 
Graves, and F. Cornelia, the wife of Prof. Wm. G. Christian, of the Univer- 
sity of Virginia. 

Lucy Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. John Seymour Talia- 
ferro, who was drowned in 1880. Issue: 1. James Barbour, died in his 18th 
year; 2. Lucy Maria, who died unmarried; 3. Frances Cornelia, unmaiTied, 
lives with her sister, Mrs. Waters; 4. Ann B., died unmarried; 5. Lindsey T., 
m. Wm. Smith Waters, July 21 st, 1863. He died September 7th, 1873, leaving 
has widow and two children, John Seymour Taliaferro Waters, lawyer of Bal- 
timore, who m. Mary Town Donaldson, and Lucy Maria Barbour Waters, who 
m. Charles P. Penniman, September 6th, 1892. He died November 13th, 1898, 
leaving one child, Wm. S. W. Penniman. Mrs. Wm. S. Waters is living at 225, 
West Lanvale st., Baltimore, and the writer is indebted to her for much of the 
information embodied in this sketch. 

Frances Cornklia Barbour (James, Thomas, James, James.) m. Wil- 
liam Handy Collins, a distinguished lawyer of Baltimore. They left no issue. 

Philippa Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. Judge R. H. 
Field, who succeeded her distinguished father as judge of the General Court 
of Virginia. She was his third wife. Their children were: 1. Philip Field, who 
was a gallant soldier in the civil war, and was killed May 23rd., at Cedarville, 
Virginia; 2. Fanny Field, who m. Charles Norville, of Lynchburg, Va. 

Elizabeth Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. J. J. Ambler. 
Their children were: 1. John J., m,.Bessie B. Davis; 2. Prof. Philip B., m. 
Willie H. Nicholas, of Seven Islands. They had one son. Prof. Nicholas 
Ambler, of Roanoke College; 3. Ella Cary, m. John Nicholas, of Lynchburg, 
having six children: Ambler, Philip, Lillie, Harry, J. Ellis, and Nannie Nich- 

Thomas Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. Catharine 
Strother. He was a physician, and died in St. Louis, in 1849, of cholera incur- 
red in the course of his profession. His children were: Thomas and John, of 

Missouri, Fanny Todd, m. r-Gray, of Louisville, Kentucky, and Chalmers 



Edmund Pendleton Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, JameB, James.) m. 
Harriet, daughter of Col.. John Stewart, of King George. He died in 1851. 
His children are: Philippa, Mary Conway, and Edmonia, who m. Rene de 
Payen des Bellisle, who was a professor in the University of Chicago. He left 
one child, who bears his name. 

QuiNTUS Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. Mary, daugh- 
ter of James Somerville, of Culpeper. Their children are: 1. Capt. Philip 
P., unmarried, a prominent lawyer of Gordonsville; 2. Fanny T., m. Rev. D. 

B. Ewing, who is now dead. She resides in Alexandria, Virginia, and has the 
following children: Wm., Lucy, Mary Belle, Jennie and Fannie; 3. Cornelia 

C, 4. James Somerville, of Mississippi; 5. Jane F., unmarried. 

Sextus Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) died unmarried in 
St. Louis, Mo., of cholera in 1849, with his brother. Dr. Thomas Barbour. 

Mary Ann Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m.* Lathrop, of 

Washington. Issue: Florence who married, 1st. Field, of Chicago, and 

2nd. Thomas Nelson Page, the distinguished author. She has several children 
by her first marriage. 

Caroline Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Judge Wylie, 

for years a judge of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Issue: 
Horace Wylie, of Washington, D. C. 

Thomas Barbour Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Page, 

a daughter of Rev. Charles Page, of the well known Virginia family of that 
name. Their children are: Charles Page Bryan, at present U. S. Minister to 
Brazil, and Virginia Bryan. 

William Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) Issue unknown. 

Veranda Newman (Lucy, Thomas, James, James.) m. Nathaniel Welch, 
Issue : 1. Thomas N. Welch, m. Lucy Dew, of Caroline. Was a State Senator 
from Madison, and Judge of Caroline county. Lives in Caroline county. He 
has no children; 2. James Barbour, m. Ann Gibson, a sister of Col. J. C. Gib- 
son, of Culpeper. Issue : Lelia, who m. Alexander H. Davis, and Eustace B. 
Welch, who m. Sallie Berry; 3. John, m. his cousin, Laura, daughter of James 
B. Newman, and left one child, Sallie. who m. Wm. Parrin, of Orange; 4. 
Lucy, m. Reuben Newman, and had three children : Nathaniel, who in. 
Miss Taylor, Bettie who m. Col. Stoven, of Orange, having two children, Wil- 
liam and Lula, and Florence, who m. Henshaw, of Kentucky; 5. Wilhel- 

mina, m. Dr. Gfraves. She lives at Orange C. H., Virginia, and has one child, 
Etta Graves. 

James Barbour Newman (Lucy, Thomas, James, James.) m. Sallie Bat- 
tle Fitzhugh. They had six children : Julia, m. Jessie H. Cj^oss, of Georgia. 
Their only child, Julia, m. Birdsong; 2. Laura, m. John Welch, (see de- 
scendants of Veranda Newman and Nathaniel Welch, supra); 8. Rosa, died 
unmarried; 4. Thomas H., killed at Aldie, Virginia, during the civil war; 5. 
Barbour, m. Tabitha, daughter of William Gordon, of Fredericksburg. They 
have two children : Alice and Lillie; 6. Oonway, m. Elnora Taylor, and has 

nine children : Kosa, who m. Fitr Patrick, of Orange county, Eugenia, 

CJonway, Laura, and five others. Mr. James Barbour Newman lived to be 
ninety eight years of age, and died but a few month ago. 

LucETTA Newman (Lucy, Thomas, James, James.) m. James Madison 
Macon, and had six children: 1. Thomas N., who died unmarried; 2. Conway 
Ella, m. Dr. John Knox, of Richmond, They had three children: John C, who 
m. Miss Yancy, of Richmond, Lucetta Madison Knox and Conway Macon 
Knox, both of Richmond; 3. Edgar Barbour, m. Virginia Caison, of Princess 
Ann, and has eight children: William M., Sallie, who married John Maupin, 
of Portsmouth, having two children, Mary and Augusta, Barbour Macon, of 


Brambleton, Virginia, who inaried Miss Maulbury, and has five children, 

Nathaniel Macon, who married, , Henry Macon, who married , and 

has one child, Lucetta, who m. Rev. John Oormick, of Westover, and has 
three children, and Bessie Macon; 4. Sarah F., m. Thomas Hill, of Cnlpeper, 
and has two children : A. P. Hill, who m. Anna G. Parsons, of St. Louis, Mo., 
and Corrie B. M. Hill; 5. James Madison, m. Miss Bridge, of New Orleans, and 
has three children, Conway Etta, Edward Adams, and James Madison; 6. 
Conway, of Orange, who m. Emma Riley, of Winchester, and has seven chil- 
dren : Emma, who m. Stair, of York, Pa., Kate, who m. Frank Poison, of 

Pittsburg, Pa., Kenneth, Lattimer, Conway, Riley, and Eva. 


It was stated on page 136 that James Barbour (James) had a son William, 
who married Elizabeth Bailey. Further research since that statement was 
printed shows ittobeerroneou8,but it has brought out the probability that 
he was related to the Culpeper family of Barbours through a more remote an- 
cestor than any named above, viz : Gabriel Barbour, said to have been a 
London merchant, and a member of the London Virginia Company, and who 
gave 1000 pounds to establish a fund to christianize the Indians, though it 
has been impossible to prosecute the inquires necessary to conclusively estab- 
lish this line of descent in time for incorporation in this sketch. The William 
Barbour, above mentioned, instead of being a son of James (James), was prob- 
ably the 8on or grandson of Capt. William Barbour, of Richmond county, 
whose daughter married Ajola Price, as mentioned in the Green genealogy (p 
61 , part first). He had a brother, Samuel and they came to Culpeper county to 
gether, and settled before the revolution. His descendants are : William 
Barbour and Travers Barbour, both of whom moved to North Carolina about 
1800; their descendants are unknown; and Frances, m. Thomas Taylor (Charles, 
of Orange count j'), October 4th., 1800, having Pannill Taylor, b. 1801, m. Millie 
Brown; Elizabeth, b. 1803, died single; Patsey Taylor, b. 1805, m. A. Ford, and 
moved to Mississippi; Sarah Jane, b. 1806, m. M. Burke; Nancey, b. 1808, m. 

M. Wise; John Barbour Taylor, b. 1811, m. and moved to Louisiana; Thos. 

E. Taylor, b. 1S14, m. Miss Henshaw, and went West; Margaret, b. 1820, and 
died single; and Arthur, b. 1823, m. Miss Murray, and left one son, R. O. Tay- 
lor. Pannil Taylor, the oldest son of Thomas Taylor, and Frances Barbour, 
above noted, m. 1st. Nellie Brown, a daughter of Joel Brown and Nellie Terrill, 
and left two children : Dr. John W. Taylor, and Mildred Frances, m. Dr. H. 
W. Gordon, of Madison county. Pannil Taylor m. 2nd. a Miss Weaver, of 
Mississippi, and left from this marriage : Jas. R., Luck, Buckhannon, Maggie, 
Shaw and two other daughters. John W., his son by his first marriage, m. 
Rebecca Crawford, and has four children : T. C. Taylor, of Madison tsounty, 
who m. Ruby, a daughter of Col. F. H. Hill, of Madison; G. H. Taylor m. Sal- 
lie Lewis, and is at present Deputy Clerk of Madison county; W. S. Taylor, of 
Madison C. H., m. Lizzie Yager; and Blanche, m. John Hunton. 




[Judpre John W. Jones has furnished the following: more extended sketch 
of the Broaddus family than the one which appears in the ori^nal History of 
St. Mark^s Parish, but the copy was received too late to be in the first part of 
this book.— R. T. G.] 

The late distinguished Rev. John A. Broaddus, writing of his family a few 
years previous to his death, says that the name Broaddus was originally. Broad- 
hurst. Although of Anglo-Saxon origin, those who bear it,. tradition says, came 
to the United States from Wales. The progenitor of the family in this coun- 
try was Edward Broaddus, who settled on Gwynn's Island in thft Piankitank 
river, near its junction with the Rappahannock. The exact time of his com- 
jng is not known, but it must have been as early as the early part of the 
18th century, as, in 1715, he moved to Caroline county, then King and Queen, 
where he continued to reside up to the time of his death. Edward Broaddus 
was twice married. The name of his first wife is unknown. That of his sec- 
ond was Mary Shipley. The name of his children, by his first wife, are: 
Thomas, Richard and Dolly. Those of his second wife were: John, William, 
James, Shipley, Robin, and Elizabeth. These children of Edward Broaddus, 
ana his two wives, have left a large number of descendants in Caroline and 
•Culpeper counties, and in other portions of Virginia, and elsewhere through- 
out the United States, some of whom have become men of prominence and 
distinction, especially as educators and ministers of the gospel. Among these, 
Andrew, th^ first of the name, Andrew, his son, both of whom were born, and 
died, in Caroline county, Edmund, William F., his brother, and John A., son 
^f Edmund, all three natives of Culpeper, may be notably mentioned. 

While it is conceded that John A. was the most accomplished and schol- 
'jirly man, wlio ever bore the name of Broaddus, even before he was bom, his 
Caroline kinsman, Andrew, had begun to establish a reputation as an orator 
of no mean order, notwithstanding his early education was very limited, hav- 
ing attended school only nine months altogether. Uniting with the Baptist 
church while quite young, he had barely become of age when he was ordained 
as a minister of that denomination, and so strong was his intellect, so studi- 
ous his habits;^ winning his deportment, so musical his voice, so captivating 
the style of his '<&fibquence, that he soon became one of the most popular pul- 
pit orators of his day, and his services were sought by his Baptist brethren all 
over the State, especially at cam pmeetings, so common at that earlv time, 
where his presence never failed to draw an immense crowd of interested and 
eager listeners whenever it was known that he was to fill the pulpit. Al- 
though Mr. Broaddus, during his long and popular ministry, except for a few 
month* while in Richmond, Va., never had charge of any other than a country 
church, it was not because his services were not appreciated in some of the lar- 
gest cities of the United States, among them Baltimore, New York, Philadel- 
phia, and Boston, from all of which he had calls at different times, none of 
which he accepted, probably from a love for a retired and quiet life, and a 
natural shrinking timidity which he possessed, and could never entirely over- 
come. Besides his popularity as a preacher, Mr. Broaddus was also a writer 
of much force and eloquence. During his life he wrote a number of works, 
among others, a '^History of the Bible," which was received with much favor 
by the religious public. Mr. Broaddus was married four times, and left a num- 
ber of children, to only one of whom, his son, Andrew Jr., will the limits of 
this sketch allow any reference to be made. 

Andrew Broaddus, Jr., like his father, Andrew the elder, was a Baptist 
minister, and, like him, of much ability, both as a speaker and a writer. 

"While his Btyle of oratory was hardly as attractive as that of his father, still, 
at times, when his mind was fully aroused to the importance of the subject 
under investigation, and he took a personal interest in it, his thoughts would 
he clothed in words of impassioned and burning eloquence. As a writer, Mr. 
Broaddus was terse, clear and forcible. Besides having been a contributor to 
the Religious Herald, and other religious papers for many years, he was the 
author of a history of the Broaddus family, a work requiring much time, pa- 
tience and labor, to which the writer of this sketch is indebted for much that 
it contains. Like his father, Mr. Broaddus lived to be quite old. Both lived 
and died in the same county where they were born, leaving the remarkable 
record of having, for three generations, extending over the space of a cen- 
tury, father, son and grandson, successfully occupied the same pulpit and 
preached to the same people and and their descendants, a record that exists 
no where else in Virginia, or the United States, if indeed in the world, one of 
which any family might well be proud, and complimentary alike to pastor and 
people. With this brief and imperfect notice of the two leading members 
of the Caroline Broddus', let us now proceed to the more immediate purpose 
of this sketch, the genealogy of the Culpeper branch of the family. 

So far as is known the name of the first Broaddus to settle in Culpeper 
county was William, the second son of Edward, the progenitor of the family in 
this country, and his second wife, Mary Shipley. William Broaddus married 
a Miss Gaines, who bore him three children: William, Thomas and James. 
His first son, William, was a major in the Revolutionary army, and was twice 
married, first to Mrs. Martha Jones, widow of Capt.. Gabriel Jones, the Revo- 
lutionary soldier; they had four children: Kitty Wigginton, Juliet, Patsey 
and William. Kitty married William Mills Thompson. The names of their 
descendants will be found in the Thompson genealogy, pages 86-7 of part sec- 
ond; Juliet married Col. Henry Ward. They had two children: William H., and 
Woodville. William H., married Jane Roberts, a daughter of Major John 
Roberts, of the Revolution, and had no children. Woodville moved to 
Mississippi many years ago, and never married. Patsy married Merriwether 
Thompson. Such of their descendants, as are known, will be found in the 
Thompson genealogy, page 89 of second part. 

The second wife of Major William Broaddus was Martha Richardson. 
They had four children: Sarah Ann, Lavinia, Maria and Mary. In addition 
to serving his country as a soldier, Major Broaddus was for many years clerk 
of Culpeper county. Somewhat late in life he moved to Harper's Ferry, 
where he filled some Federal office, paymaster in the army, it is believed, and 
died there. 

William, the only son of William Broaddus and the widow of Capt. Gab- 
riel Jones, married Ann Tutt, who bore him two children: Juliet Ann and 
William A. Juliet Ann married Edward Herndon. They had only one child, 
a daughter, named Mary Eleanor, who married John Roberts. William A. 
never married. Mr. Broaddus succeeded his father as clerk of Culpeper 

Thomas, the second son of William Broaddus, and brother of the first 

clerk of Culpeper county, of that name, married Mrs. Susannah White. They 

had three sons: Edmund, William F., and Andrew^ and two daughters, Lucy 

and Maria. Edmund, the first son of Thomas, and Susannah Broaddus, was 

twice married. His first wife was Nancy Sims. His second was Somerville 

Ward. By his first wife he had the following children: James M., Martha 

A.,'Caroline M., and John A. His second wife died childless. 

Of the many men of prominence that Culpeper county has furnished, few 
have possessed more merit and ability than Eclmund Broaddus. Born at a 


time when schools were scarce and the most of them that existed, of the "Old 
Field" order, he received only an ordinary education, yet so superior his intel- 
lect, and studious his habits, that, even while comparatively a young man, as 
a thinker and debater he took a prominent stand among the leading men of 
his day. By vocation Mr. Broaddus was a farmer. He also taught a country 
school for several years. In politics he was originally a Democrat, but left 
that party upon the **Removal of the Deposits" by (d^en. Jackson, and afte^ 
wards became an **01d Line Whig," and a great admirer and earnest suppor 
ter of Henry Clay. Mr. Broaddus was a man of modest demeanor, excellent 
judgment, and rare insight into the character and motives of men. To the 
latter, united with his ability as a speaker, and the thorough confidence of 
his constituents, in his integrity, may be attributed the fact that, for twenty 
years— with one or two exceptions, when he declined to be a candidate— he 
represented the county of Culpeper in the House of Delegates, and was never 
defeated in any race he made before the people. During his several terms of 
office no member served his constituents more faithfully and eflBciently, and 
none more thoroughly commanded the respect of his fellow members, and ex- 
erted a greater influence over them. Like the most of his name, Mr. Broaddus 
was a Baptist, and at the associations, and other general meetings of that 
denomination, always took a prominent and leading part in their delibera- 
tions, thus becoming an important factor in shaping the proceedings of these 
bodies. He died in Charlottesville, Virginia, whither he had gone several 
years prior thereto, mainly for the purpose of educating his son, the great 
and good John A. 

As before stated, it is conceded that the most accomplished and scholary 
man ever produced by Culpeper county, and the greatest who ever bore the 
Broaddus name, was the Rev. John Albert Broaddus, youngest child of Ed-, 
mund Broaddus and Fanny Sims. His early education was conducted main- 
ly by his father, and his sister Martha. Afterwards he became a pupil of that 
excellent scholar and teacher, Albert G. Sims, who, for many years, tauj^ht 
a highly popular boarding school near Culpeper C H. In 1846 Mr. Broaddus en- 
tered the University of Virginia, and four years thereafter was graduated with 
the highest honor of that noted institution. He was twice married. His first 
wife was Maria Carter Harrison, daughter of Dr. Gessner Harrison, one of the 
professors of his Alma Mater. His second wife was Charlotte E. Sinclair, of 
Albemarle county. His children, by his first wife, were : Eliza Somerville, 
Annie Harrison, and Maria Ijouisa. His children, by his second wife, were : 
Samuel Sinclair, Caroline, Alice Virginia, Ella Thomas and Boyce. Mr. Broad- 
dus commenced preaching in 1849, and was ordained in 1853. From 1851 to 
1853 he was assistant instructor of Latin and Greek in the University, and at 
the same time pastor of the Charlottesville Baptist church. For two years, 
1855 and 1856, he acted as chaplain to the University. In 1859 he became Pro- 
fessor in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, then established at 
Greenville, South Carolina. For some months in 1863, Mr. Broaddus preached 
as a missionary in Gen. Lee^s army, but the exposure of camp life was too 
great for the delicate state of his health, and he gave up the work and became 
Corresponding Secretary to the Sunday School Board of the Southern Bap- 
tist Convention, then established at Greenville to supply destitute schools. 
The foregoing is the substance of a condensed sketch of Mr. Broaddus^ life, 
down to the time it was written, prepared by himself for the Rev. Andrew's 

book, **The Broaddus Family," and reproduced here. It is only necessary to 
add that when the Theological Seminary was moved from Greenville, South 
Carolina, to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1877, Mr. Broaddus continued to retain 
the saii^e chair in that institution formerly occupied by him, and was after- 

wards chosen as its President, the duties of which he continued to discharge 
as long as he lived. Few men ever commenced the battles of life better pre- 
pared for the struggle than John A. Broaddus. So splended was his intellect, 
so excellent his early training, so thorough his collegiate course, so unexcep- 
tionable his habits, and perfect his character, in a word so admirable and com- 
plete his general equipment, that when he was graduated, with the highest 
honors, by one of the first, if not the very first, literary institutions in the 
country, it seemed that, with ordinary application and industry, failure 
would be almost impossible. How manfully and successfully he met the issue 
is fully attested by the splended record which he left behind him. A finished 
scholar, an able and successful teacher, a chaste and beautiful writer, an 
eloquent and convincing speaker, a good neighbor, a true friend, a faithful 
and loving husband, an affectionate father, a sincere and devoted Christian, 
he lived a life that, in itb rounded completeness few have equalled, very few ex- 
celled, and, when the end came, peacefully passed to his great reward, leaving 
a name that will live as long as the institution, of which he was the honored 
head, if not the church itself, whose doctrines he so ably and eloquently 
expounded. How much he was lamented by the people of Louisville, where 
he died, is shown by the deep feeling which was manifested on that occasion; 
all classes, conditions, and creeds uniting with each other in paying honor to 
his memory, one of the ablest and most touching tributes being an address 
by the Jewish Rabbi of that city, while the newspapers there, and in other por- 
tions of Kentucky, and throughout the country generally, were full of eulogis- 
tic notices of him as a Christian and a man. 

William F., the second son of Thomas and Susannah Broaddus, like his 
brother Edmund, received a very limited early education, but like him, so 
strong was his intellect, so industrious his habits, and so eager his desire to 
excel, that, through his own unaided efforts, he not only acquired a good 
knowledge of books and their contents, but became a highly popular and 
successful school teacher, both in Virginia and Kentucky. Like the most of 
his name, he joined the Baptist church when young, and like quite a number; 
not long afterwards was ordained a minister, teaching and preaching at the 
same time. Commencing preaching and teaching in Virginia, where he had 
a school and chui*ch at Middleburg, and other places at different times. Wm. 
F. Broaddus afterwards moved to Kentucky and taught and preached in Lex- 
ington and Shelbyville. .Leaving Kentucky and returning to Virginia, he re- 
sumed his former vocation of teaching and preaching, which he continued un- 
til he became somewhat advanced in years. Mr. Broaddus was twice married. 
His first wife was Mary A. Farrow. His second wife being Mrs. Lucy E. Fleet. 
The children of his first wife were : Edmund S., Amanda F., William H. C, 
Mary L., Thomas E., and John F. His second wife had only one child, a 
daughter, named Lucy Maria, 

James, the third son of William Broaddus, and his wife. Miss Gaines, and 
brother of William, the first clerk of the name of Culpeper county, was an en- 
sign in the Revolution. He married Mary A. Ferguson. Their children wore: 
Elizabeth, Catherine, William D., Sarah W., James G., and Susan C. 

In conclusion it may be stated that while a few branches of the family 
have, for convenience in writing, dropped one of the **d's" in spelling the 
name, the most of them continue to spell it with two, as it was originally 
written, and that whether spelled with one or two, all who bear it are of the 
same blood, all being the descendants of Edmund Broaddus, the first settler 
and progenitor of the family in this country. 

— :ooo: 


[By Judppe D. A. Grimsley.] 

Joseph Bryan settled in the county of Culpeper in 1753. He came from 
King George county, and is supposed to have been the father of William Bry- 
an, who was the great grand father of William Jennings Bryan now (1900) for 
the second time the nominee of the Democrats for the presidency. 

William Bryan lived near the town of Spemyville, now Rappahannock, 
then Culpeper county, and was a large landowner. He died in 1806, leaving 
the following children : 1. James; 2. John, m. Nancy Lillard; 3. William; 4. 
Aquilla; 5. Lucy, m. Dunnaway; 6. Elizabeth, m. Baldeck. 

The year following William Bryan's death, his lands were divided among 
his children, and to his son, John, was allotted that portion lying near the 
town of Sperryville The old Bryan house, on this tract, still stands in a good 
state of preservation. 

Nancy Lillard Bryan, the wife of John Bryan, was the daughter of John 
Lillard, a soldier in the Revolutionary army, who lived in the Bryan neighbor- 

Between 1810 and 1825 the Bryan family sold out their ancestral estates, 
and moved west to Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio. 

John Bryan, the grand father of Williams Jennings, left Virginia in 1826. 
Silas Lillard Bryan, the father of Williams Jennings, was, at that time, four 
years of age. John settled on the banks of the Ohio, near the mouth of the 
Big Kanawha, where he and his wife, Nancy Lillard, died, the one in 1830, and 
the other in 1885. After their death the family moved further West to Illi- 
nois and Missouri. In 1840, Silas Lillard Bryan, the father of William Jen- 
nings, went to live with an older brother in Missouri, who had before settled 
in that state. From his home he attended school for a time, then went to 
Marion county. III-., where he taught school for a year or so, then went to col- 
lege, studied law, and began its practice in 1852, and soon rose to prominence 
in the profession. He was a member of the constitutional convention, and of 
the senate of the State of Illinois, and a circuit judge for a number of years. 
He was the Democratic nominee for congress in 1862, but was defeated. He 
was a mail of ability and high character, a devout Christian, and an uncom- 
promising Democrat. He died about 1880, having the following children: 

1. Fanny, m. Baird; 2. Williams Jennings, m. Baird, having Ruth, 

William Jennings and Grace; 3. Charles, m. ; 4.*Mamie, m. Allen; 5. 

Nanny, unmarried. 

John Lillard, the father of Nancy Lillard Bryan, m. Miss Garrett, and be- 
sides Nancy, had: 1. Silas Lillard, who went to Mississippi, became a wealthy 
planter, and died without issue; 2. Capt. Benjaman Lillard, m. Elizabeth 
Browning, d. 1867; 3. Malinda, m. Early Corbln, and died without issue; 4. A 

daughter, m. .Stone; 5. A daughter, m Yates; 6. A daughter, m. 

Shackelford, all three of whom went West. 

Benjamin Lillard, who m. Elizabeth Browning, a daughter of Nicholas 
Browning, had issue as follows: 1. Chas. H., moved to Miss., and m. Gar- 
ley; 2. Lucy M., m. 1st James O'Baunon, having P. H. O^Bannon, m. Jose- 
phine Miller, and Roberta J., m. Silas L. Cooper. Lucy M., m. 2nd Cornelias 
Smith, by whom there were no children; 3. Margaret, m. William L. Brown- 
ing, having Bettie A., m. Maj. D. A. Grimsley, Annie M., m. B. F. Bywatere, 
Benjamin W., m. Ella Rixey, Lucy C, m. Capt. R. R. Duncan, Silas H., m. 
Lizzie Simms, and Elocia, m. William Timberlake; 4. Silas B., m. Mildred 
Duncan, having Laura, m. S. R. Browning, Lizzie, m. Geo. F. Pulliam, Lucy, 
m. James Miller; 5. Virginia, died single; 6. William J., m. Virginia Browninf?, 

daufirhter of Mason R. Browning, having Benjamin, Silas, Vernon, m. Frank 

Jolliffe, Lena, m. Harrison, Roberta, ni. Funk; 7. Edwina C, lu. 

Richard H. Browning, having Ophelia, m. William Lillard, Edward, m. and 

lives in Missouri, Sally, m.. George Harrison, Frank, m. Denton and lives 

in Missouri, Lessie, Jane, m. Richard Duncan, Robert Lee, Eva, and Lucy. 

Note. All the Lillards of Culpeper and Rappahannock are probably re- 
lated, and thus, through the Lillard family, related to the Bryans. 

[By Judge D. A. Grimsley.] 

John Browning, b. in England in 1594, came to Virginia in 1622 in ship 
'^Abigail," and served in the House of Burgesses in 1629. 

William Browning came to Virginia about 1623 in ship **Bona Nova." See 
Hattoa^s list of American emigrants. 

It is supposed that the Virginia Brownings descended from one, or both, of 
the above, but the line of descent cannot be directly traced. 

The Brownings appeared in Virginia soon after the settlement of the 
Colony. One of them, as appears from Henning^s Statutes, was a member 
of the House of Burgesses, but whether the Culpeper family is a descendant of 
this man is not definitely known. 

Francis Browning settled near Gaines X Roads, now Rappahan- 
nock, in 1735. He is supposed to have come from Caroline county. One Thom- 
as Browning also came to Culpeper about that time, but returned to Caroline. 

The wife of Francis Browning was a Miss. Lloyd, of Maryland, and they 
lia^ the following children : 1. Francis, m. Frances Norman; 2. Nicholas, m. 
Sarah Washburn; 3. John, m. Miss Demorest; 4. Jacob, m. Elizabeth By waters; 
5. Mary, m. Courtney Norman; 6. Ruth, m. William Duncan; 7. a daughter m.. 

Francis Browning (Francis.) m. Frances Norman, and had 1. Shadrach, 
ni. Polly Route; 2. Charles, m. Mollie Strother; 3. William, m. Milly Roberts; 4. 
James, m. Miss Deane, and moved to Ky; 5. Reuben, m. Ann Hickman, and 
went to Ky; 6. John, m. Elizabeth Strother; 7. Isaac, m. a daughter of Joshua 
Browning, Captain in the Virginia State Line; 8. Francis, died in Revolution- 
ary army; 9. Molly, m. James Duncan; 10. Sarah, m. Duncan; 11. Asenith, 

m. Benjamin Duncan 

Nicholas Browning (Francis.) m. Sarah Washburn, and had 1. Nicholas, 
ui. Miss Sloane; 2. Charles, m. Miss Wright; 3. A son who went to South Caro- 

Jacob Browning (Francis.) m. Elizabeth By waters, and had 1. Samuel, m. 
Miss Dunn, and went to Ky; 2. George, m. Elizabeth Browning, and went to 
N. C; 3. Edmund, m. Sarah Allan, and went to III.; 4. Jacob, m. and went to 
Missouri. Was a Baptist preacher; 5. Lloyd,, m. Elizabeth Allan, and went to 
Mo.; 6. Mary, m. Cnpt William Norman, and was maternal grandmother of 
Rev. Barnett Grimsley; 7. Senie, m. Edward King, and went to Ky.;8. Delilah, 
m. Joseph Tanqer, and went to Ky.; 9. Bettie, m. Elijah Anthony, and went 

John Browning (Francis.) m. Miss Demorest, and had: 1. James, m. Miss 
Hickman, sister of Gen. Hickman, and went to Ky; 2. Joshua, m. Ann Scott, 
and went to Ky. He was the father of Thomas. Browning, m. Elizabeth 
Lewright, who was the father of Robert Lewright Browning, Lieut, in the U. 
S. Navy, was drowned in Trinidad bay, and was the father of Chas. H. 
Browning, the founder of the order of **Runnemede," and author of ^^Magna 
Charta Barons, and their Descendants;^' 3. Francis went to Russell county, 
Va., as (lid his brother, Enos. 


Shadrach Browning (Francis, Franeis.) in. Polly Route, and had: 1. 
Preston, died unmarried; 2. Route, m. Miss Browninj^f and went to Mo.; 3. 
Francis, m. Mrs. Moore, and went to Ky.; 4. Somerville, m. Lloyd Browning. 

Charles Browning (Francis, Francis.) m. Mollie Strother, and had 1. 
Lloyd, m. Somerville Browning; 2. Willis, m. 1st. Caroline Menefee, 2nd. Eliza- 
beth White; 3. Joseph, went to Ky.;4. William, m. Lucy McCIanahan, and 
went to Ky.; 5. Francis, m. Miss Yates, and went to Mo.; 6. Charles, died single; 

7. John, m. Miss Pendleton, and went West; 8. Sarah, m. Morrison, and 

went to Ky.; 9. Mary m. Col. Gates Yates, of Ky.; 10. Lucy, m. Weedon Smith, 
and went West: 12. Ann, m. Ashley, and went to Ky. 

William Browning (Franeis, Francis.) m. Millie Roberts, and had 1. 

Henry, m. Mrs. Newell; 2. James, m. ; 3. William, m 1st. Miss Funkhons- 

er, 2nd. Mrs. Hines; 4. Robert, m. Miss Duncan; 5. John, m. Kitty Duncan; 6. 

Daniel, m. . and went to Ky; 7. Charles, m. Hines, and went to Mo.; 8. 

Samuel, m. , and went to Mo.; 9. Mason, ra. Kitty "Stover; 10. Lucy, m. 

Nicholas Browning; 11. Margaret, m. Eldrid^e Duncan; 12. and 13.. James and 
Elizabeth, died single. There are said to have been nineteen children in this 
family, the names of the last six not being known. 

John Browning (Francis, Francis.) m. Elizabeth Strother, and had 1. 
George, m. Miss Covington, and went to Ky.; 2. John D., m. 1st. Miss Dulaney, 
2nd. Miss Haney; 3. Charles, m. 1st. Miss Moore, 2nd, Miss Bumgamer, and 
went to Mo.; 4. Strother, m. Miss Reid, and went to III.; 5. Oliver, m. Miss 

Bowyer, and went to Ohio; 6. Betsy, m. Whitescarver, and went to Ky,; 

7. Fanny, ra. Frederick Whitescarver; 8. Millie, ra. Elijah Bruca, and went 
West; 9. Polly, m. George Yates, and went West. 

Charles Browning (Nicholas, Francis.) m. Miss Wright, and had 1. 
Chas., died single; 2. Thomas, m. Miss Bywaters; 3. Nicholas, m. Lucy Brown- 
ing (William). 

James Browning (John, Francis.) m. , and had 1. James, of Clarke 

county, Ky.;2. Caleb, m. Miss Pendleton; 8. Micajah, m. , and went to 

Ky. Was the father of O. H. Browning, United States Senator from Illinois, 
and a member of Lincoln's cabinet; 4. Polly, m. Taliaferro Browning; 5. Anne, 
m. Overall, and went W^est. 

Joshua Browning (John, Francis,) m , and had 1. John, m. Miss 

Pendleton; 2. James, went to Ky.; 3. Edm and, went to Ky.; 4. Jacob, went 
West: 5. Pollj', m. William C-Jrant, and went West; 6. Annie, m. Wm. Pendle- 
ton; 7. Elizabeth m. Capt. Isaac Browning. 

Lloyd Browning (Charles, Francis, Francis.) ra. Somerville Brownin?, 
and had 1. Margaret, m. Thos. Deatherage: 2. Amanda, m. Carnot Walden; 3. 
Martha, ra. Puller A. Hughes; 4. Jane, ra. A. F. Menefee. 

Willis Browning (Charles, Francis, Francis.) ra. 1st. Menefee, 2nd. Miss 

White, and had 1. John A., m. Miss Willis; 2. Chas. H., died single; 3. Cassan- 
dra, died single. 

William Browning (William, Franeis, Francis.) m. 1st. Funkjiouser, 2nd. 
Mrs. Hines, and had 1. Jaraes H., ra. 1st. Margaret Duncan, 2nd. Maria Cor- 
bin; 2. William L., m. Margaret Lillard; 8. Eliza, Samuel Baker, and went to 
Mo.; 4. Lucy, m. I«aac Baker, and went to Mo. 

John Browning (William, Francis, Francis.) m. Kitty Dancan, and had 
1. Lafayette, ra. Susan Stallard; 2. Richard H., m. Edwina Lillard; 3. Jane, m. 
Walker Campbell. 

Mason Browning (William, Francis, Francis.) m. Kitty Hines, and had 
1. William S., Lieut. Co. B., 6th. Va. Cav., killed at Cedar Creek, Va.; 2. Henry 
R., m. Fletcher; 3. David, ra. Radacilla; 4. Regina, m. Richard Coates; 5. Vir- 
ginia, m. Wm. J. Lillard; 6. Lucy, m. Wm. Stickley; 7. Route, m. Miss Priest. 

^Nicholas Browning (Chas., Nicholas, Francis, Francis.) m. Lucy Brown- 
ing, and had 1. W